CN209926534U - 一种太阳能风窗 - Google Patents

一种太阳能风窗 Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209926534U
CN209926534U CN201920330277.9U CN201920330277U CN209926534U CN 209926534 U CN209926534 U CN 209926534U CN 201920330277 U CN201920330277 U CN 201920330277U CN 209926534 U CN209926534 U CN 209926534U
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fan
cabinet
controller
window
storage battery
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张天虎
李小鹏
左俊伟
谢文津
穆志斌
陈熹
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Yanshan University
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Yanshan University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • Y02B30/70Efficient control or regulation technologies, e.g. for control of refrigerant flow, motor or heating
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

Abstract

一种太阳能风窗,包括风扇柜,风扇,滑道及控制器。风扇柜外表面由太阳能光伏板组成,能为风扇提供动力。风扇可经滑道移至建筑窗口处,也可经滑道移至风窗柜内。滑道内装有蓄电池,可通过太阳能光伏板和室内电源充电。控制器能够控制风扇的移动、开闭以及工作挡位。

Description

一种太阳能风窗
所属技术领域
本实用新型专利涉及一种居住建筑通风装置,尤其是一种利用太阳能提供动力的机械通风装置。
背景技术
随着建筑建造水平和节能标准的提高,建筑的密闭性越来越好,导致各种有害污染物容易在室内聚积,影响室内空气质量。有效的通风换气是改善室内空气质量的关键,通过把室外新鲜的空气引入室内,可以稀释和置换室内空气中的污染物浓度。
房间所需的室外新鲜空气可以通过自然通风、空调新风系统或机械通风输送到室内。受建筑体型、朝向、建筑楼间距及户型等的制约,很多居民家庭通风条件差,即使打开外窗,室外空气也很少能进入室内。居住建筑采用的家用空调系统不具备新风系统,空调开启后往往需关闭窗户,导致室内污染物无法扩散。很多地区夏季昼夜温差大,夜晚可以通过引入室外空气带走室内余热余湿,减少空调的使用,但由于不具备良好的通风条件,夜晚也必须使用空调系统,增加了建筑的能耗。机械通风一般利用风机等动力装置强迫空气流动。与自然通风相比,机械通风能够提供更好的通风效果。与空调系统相比,机械通风的能耗更低,且对电源要求不高,可以在低压条件下运行。但现有机械通风系统往往比较复杂,主要应用于车间、厂房等大型工业建筑,在居住建筑中应用较少。
实用新型内容
为提高居住建筑室内通风效果,本专利提供一种以太阳能为能源的居住建筑简易机械通风装置。
本实用新型解决其技术问题所采用的技术方案是:太阳能风窗包含1个风扇柜(4),2条滑道(5),1个风扇(6),4根连杆(8)与1台控制器(10)。风扇柜(4)固定在可开启外窗(3)侧面的外墙(1)上,外表面由太阳能光伏板拼接组成。滑道(5)内部包裹蓄电池(9),能为风扇提供动力,可利用太阳能光伏板与室内电源充电。滑道(5)通过连杆(8)与风扇(6)连接,为风扇提供移动轨道。风扇(6)内部包含2片超薄扇叶(7)。控制器(10)包括充电控制器、移入/移出控制键、关闭控制键以及高、中、低挡位键。按下高、中、低挡位键,可控制扇叶(7)在不同转速下转动。
本实用新型的有益效果是,利用机械通风装置增强居住建筑室内通风强度,提高室内空气质量。利用太阳能供电,减少建筑能耗。而且夏季太阳能充足,能为本装置提供持续动力,减少空调使用。
附图说明
图1为关闭状态下的风窗示意图,其中:1-外墙,2-固定窗,3-可开启窗,4-风扇柜,5-滑道
图2为风窗柜示意图,其中:6-蓄电池,7-风扇,8-扇叶,9-连杆,10-控制器
图3为开启状态下的风窗示意图
具体实施方式
太阳能风窗开启时,打开可开启窗(3),按下控制器(10)上的移出键,风扇(7)经滑道(5)由风扇柜(4)移至窗口,按下控制器(10)上高、中、低挡位键中的任意一个,扇叶(8)开始转动,为室内送入新鲜空气。太阳能风窗关闭时,按下控制器(10)上的关闭键,扇叶(8)停止转动,按下控制器(10)上的移入键,风扇(7)经滑道(5)由窗口移至风扇柜(4)。当蓄电池(6)电量低于20%时,控制器(10)自动开启室内电源开关,为蓄电池(6)充电。当蓄电池(6)电量达到100%时,关闭室内电源开关。

Claims (2)

1.一种太阳能风窗,包含风扇柜,风扇,滑道,蓄电池及控制器,其特征是:风扇柜安装在可开启外窗侧面的外墙上,外表面由太阳能光伏板拼接组成,能够保护风扇,并为蓄电池充电,控制器上装有充电控制器,当蓄电池电量低于20%时,自动开启室内电源开关,为蓄电池充电,当蓄电池电量达到100%时,关闭室内电源开关,控制器上装有风扇移入/移出键,按下移出键,控制风扇由风扇柜移至窗口,按下移入键,控制风扇由窗口移至风扇柜。
2.根据权利要求1所述的太阳能风窗,其特征是:滑道内部包裹蓄电池,能为风扇提供动力,可利用太阳能和室内电源充电,滑道通过四根连杆与风扇连接,为风扇提供移动轨道。
CN201920330277.9U 2019-03-15 2019-03-15 一种太阳能风窗 Expired - Fee Related CN209926534U (zh)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113959032A (zh) * 2021-11-02 2022-01-21 周望舒 一种建筑设计用节能通风结构

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113959032A (zh) * 2021-11-02 2022-01-21 周望舒 一种建筑设计用节能通风结构

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