CN209853327U - Cyclone generating device - Google Patents

Cyclone generating device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209853327U
CN209853327U CN201920406569.6U CN201920406569U CN209853327U CN 209853327 U CN209853327 U CN 209853327U CN 201920406569 U CN201920406569 U CN 201920406569U CN 209853327 U CN209853327 U CN 209853327U
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wind energy
pipe
ring
wind
air inlet
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CN201920406569.6U
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张宪
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Abstract

The cyclone generating device comprises a material pipe with an outlet end arranged in a wind energy pipe, wherein an air inlet cylinder is further arranged on the wind energy pipe, a wind energy ring and a closed ring are arranged between the material pipe and two ends of the air inlet cylinder along the axial direction of the wind energy pipe, the inner circle side and the outer circle side of the wind energy ring and the closed ring are respectively sealed with the material pipe and the wind energy pipe, and a plurality of groups of wind holes are further formed in the wind energy ring. After gas enters from the air inlet cylinder and is discharged from the air hole through the inner chamber, a cyclone is formed at the outlet end of the wind energy pipe, so that air flow pointing to the outlet end from the inlet end is formed in the material pipe, and finally, the material at the inlet end of the material pipe moves along the material pipe under the pushing of the air flow, so that the material is conveyed. The cyclone generating device can meet the conveying requirements of various materials, is wide in applicability, free of blockage, simple in structure, low in manufacturing cost, stable in work and long in service life.

Description

Cyclone generating device
Technical Field
The present invention relates to a conveyor, and more particularly, to a cyclone generator for generating a negative pressure to move a material or suck air.
Background
The conveying of materials is visible everywhere in industrial production and daily life of people, and the conveying of solid materials with large volume generally comprises manual or mechanical arm conveying, conveying by a conveying belt and the like; for the liquid transportation, a water pump and a centrifugal pump are generally adopted to cooperate with a pipeline for transportation; in addition, solid debris, suspended matters and the like with small volume can be extracted and collected by an air extracting device such as a dust collector.
The centrifugal pump is a mechanical device for conveying liquid by virtue of centrifugal force generated when the impeller rotates, the impeller of the centrifugal pump can violently rotate in the working process, the impeller must meet the requirement of a specific curved sheet-shaped model, and meanwhile, in order to prevent the liquid or suspended matters from corroding, abrading and even winding moving parts of the impeller assembly, the centrifugal pump has quite high requirements on the chemical corrosivity and suspended matter content of the conveyed liquid, so that the centrifugal pump can only be suitable for conveying clean water or liquid with low suspended matter content similar to the clean water; on the other hand, centrifugal pumps use atmospheric pressure to pump liquids, and cannot deliver liquids at a level below the height of the pump head of the centrifugal pump, thereby greatly limiting the ability to deliver liquids.
The air extracting device generally comprises an air extracting pipeline and a fan which forms air flow in the air extracting pipeline, wherein an air inlet of the fan faces to the inlet end of the air extracting pipeline, in order to avoid the problem that solid debris or suspended matters enter the fan to cause the fan failure, a filter screen must be arranged at the air inlet of the fan, even the filter screen is still difficult to completely isolate the solid debris or the suspended matters from entering the fan, and along with the work of the fan, the solid debris or the suspended matters are continuously accumulated at the air inlet of the fan, so that accumulated matters at the air inlet of the fan must be cleaned after the fan works for a certain time; on the other hand, the existence of the fan and the filter screen inevitably causes obstruction to airflow to form wind resistance, and further causes adverse effect on the suction efficiency of the air extraction device; in addition, some air extraction devices with higher requirements are additionally provided with a filter screen backflushing subsystem formed by an air compressor and a complex pulse control circuit to ensure the smooth operation of air extraction, but the complexity of the structure of the equipment is greatly increased, and the production and maintenance cost of the equipment is increased.
Disclosure of Invention
An object of the utility model is to provide a simple structure just can satisfy gas-liquid suspension material suction and unblock cyclone generating device who carries
The cyclone generating device comprises a wind energy pipe and a material pipe which are hollow inside and have different diameters, the outlet end of the material pipe is arranged in the wind energy pipe, a gap is reserved between the outer wall of the material pipe and the inner wall of the wind energy pipe, an air inlet cylinder is arranged at the outer wall of the wind energy pipe, and the air inlet cylinder is hollow and communicated into the wind energy pipe; an annular wind energy ring and a closed ring are arranged between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, the inner circle of the wind energy ring is sleeved at the outlet end of the material pipe, the outer circle of the wind energy ring is positioned between the outlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, the inner circle of the closed ring is sleeved on the material pipe, the outer circle of the closed ring is positioned between the inlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, and the inner circle and the outer circle of the wind energy ring and the closed ring are respectively; and a plurality of groups of wind hole groups are also arranged on the wind energy ring, and each group of wind hole group comprises two wind holes which are symmetrical along the axis of the wind energy pipe and are communicated with the two sides of the wind energy ring.
In the cyclone generating device, the material pipe is used for conveying materials, the materials enter from the inlet end of the material pipe, move along the material pipe and are discharged from the outlet end, and finally are sent out through the outlet end of the wind energy pipe; the wind energy pipe is characterized in that a wind energy ring and a closed ring are arranged between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, an inner cavity is formed between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, meanwhile, an air inlet cylinder on the wind energy pipe and a wind hole group on the wind energy ring are communicated with the inner cavity, gas can enter from the air inlet cylinder and is discharged from the wind holes after passing through the inner cavity, furthermore, the wind holes are positioned at the inner side of the outlet end of the wind energy pipe and symmetrically arranged in groups, so that the gas discharged from the wind holes forms a cyclone at the outlet end of the wind energy pipe, negative pressure is formed at the outlet end of the material pipe, and then airflow pointing to the outlet end from the inlet end is formed inside the material pipe, and finally the material at. The cyclone generating device is suitable for conveying low-weight solid materials or liquid and also suitable for gas suction, can meet the requirement of conveying liquid with low liquid level height, and cannot be blocked to influence the suction efficiency in the working process; meanwhile, the device has the advantages of simple structure, low manufacturing cost, stable work and long service life.
Drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic view of a structure of a cyclone generating device.
Figure 2 is a schematic cross-sectional view of the cyclone generating device of figure 1.
Figure 3 is a schematic view of the cyclone generating device shown in figure 1 from the right.
Figure 4 is a schematic view of a second embodiment of the cyclone generating device.
Figure 5 is a schematic view of a third embodiment of the cyclone generating device.
Figure 6 is a schematic view of a fourth embodiment of the cyclone generating device.
Detailed Description
A cyclone generating device comprises a wind energy pipe 1 and a material pipe 2 which are hollow inside and have different diameters, wherein the outlet end of the material pipe is arranged in the wind energy pipe, a gap is reserved between the outer wall of the material pipe and the inner wall of the wind energy pipe, an air inlet cylinder 3 is arranged on the outer wall of the wind energy pipe, and the air inlet cylinder is hollow and communicated into the wind energy pipe; an annular wind energy ring 4 and a closed ring 5 are arranged between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, the inner circle of the wind energy ring is sleeved at the outlet end of the material pipe, the outer circle of the wind energy ring is positioned between the outlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, the inner circle of the closed ring is sleeved on the material pipe, the outer circle of the closed ring is positioned between the inlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, and the inner circle and the outer circle of the wind energy ring and the closed ring are respectively; and a plurality of groups of wind hole groups are also arranged on the wind energy ring, and each group of wind hole group comprises two wind holes 6 which are symmetrical along the axis of the wind energy pipe and are communicated with the two sides of the wind energy ring.
As shown in fig. 1-3, the material pipe is used for conveying materials, the materials enter from the inlet end of the material pipe, move along the material pipe and are discharged from the outlet end, and finally are sent out through the outlet end of the wind energy pipe; the wind energy pipe is characterized in that a wind energy ring and a closed ring are arranged between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, an inner cavity is formed between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, meanwhile, an air inlet cylinder on the wind energy pipe and a wind hole group on the wind energy ring are communicated with the inner cavity, gas can enter from the air inlet cylinder and is discharged from the wind holes after passing through the inner cavity, furthermore, the wind holes are positioned at the inner side of the outlet end of the wind energy pipe and symmetrically arranged in groups, so that the gas discharged from the wind holes forms a cyclone at the outlet end of the wind energy pipe, negative pressure is formed at the outlet end of the material pipe, and then airflow pointing to the outlet end from the inlet end is formed inside the material pipe, and finally the material at.
The axis of the wind energy pipe 1 coincides with the axis of the material pipe 2, so that an inner cavity between the wind energy pipe and the material pipe is in a central symmetry annular shape, internal airflow is more uniform, and more effective cyclone and air exhaust effects are formed.
The cyclone generating device, the wind energy ring 4 and the closed ring 5 can be used as parts and parts to be arranged between the wind energy pipe 1 and the material pipe 2, and can also extend out from the inner wall of the wind energy pipe 1 or the outer wall of the material pipe 2 to the material pipe or the wind energy pipe; the wind energy ring 4 is horn-shaped, the inlet end of the horn is connected with the outlet end of the material pipe 2, and the outlet end of the horn is connected with the inner wall of the wind energy pipe 1, so that the cyclone production effect is improved; in addition, all the wind hole groups on the wind energy ring are uniformly arranged on the wind energy ring 4 along the circumferential direction, the axis of each wind hole 6 can be arranged to be parallel to the axis of the wind energy pipe 1, can also be arranged to be positioned on the same plane with the axis of the wind energy pipe, and the opening direction points to the inner wall of the wind energy pipe or the axis of the wind energy pipe, and can also be arranged to be positioned on a different plane with the axis of the wind energy pipe 1; in addition, the sealing ring 5 may be disposed at a middle section between the inlet end of the wind energy pipe 1 and the air inlet cylinder 3, as shown in fig. 2, or at an inner end of the air inlet cylinder 3, as shown in fig. 4, so as to prevent the airflow from flowing to a cavity between the inlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, thereby reducing turbulence and improving airflow utilization rate, and in addition, the sealing ring 5 may be a flat ring shape, or a horn shape with a straight line or an arc-shaped bus, as shown in fig. 5; furthermore, the axial direction of the air inlet cylinder 3 can be either perpendicular to the axis of the wind energy pipe 1 or obliquely directed to the outlet end of the material pipe 2, as shown in fig. 6. Through the arrangement of the wind energy rings, the closed rings and the air inlet cylinder with different shapes and structures, different cyclone effects can be formed, so that different use requirements are met.
In the cyclone generating device, the total area of all the wind holes 6 on the wind energy ring 4 is consistent with the area of the inlet of the air inlet cylinder 3 or approximately equal to the area of the inlet of the air inlet cylinder 3. Experiments prove that the maximum cyclone generation effect can be obtained under the condition, and the air exhaust intensity is favorably improved.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides a cyclone generating device, includes material pipe (2) of transported substance material which characterized in that: the wind energy pipe is hollow and has different diameters from the material pipe, the outlet end of the material pipe is arranged in the wind energy pipe, a gap is reserved between the outer wall of the material pipe and the inner wall of the wind energy pipe, the outer wall of the wind energy pipe is provided with an air inlet cylinder (3), and the air inlet cylinder is hollow and communicated into the wind energy pipe; an annular wind energy ring (4) and a closed ring (5) are arranged between the inner wall of the wind energy pipe and the outer wall of the material pipe, the inner circle of the wind energy ring is sleeved at the outlet end of the material pipe, the outer circle of the wind energy ring is positioned between the outlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, the inner circle of the closed ring is sleeved on the material pipe, the outer circle of the closed ring is positioned between the inlet end of the wind energy pipe and the air inlet cylinder, and the inner circle and the outer circle of the wind energy ring and the closed ring are; and a plurality of groups of wind hole groups are also arranged on the wind energy ring, and each group of wind hole group comprises two wind holes (6) which are symmetrical along the axis of the wind energy pipe and are communicated with the two sides of the wind energy ring.
2. The cyclone generating device of claim 1, wherein: the axes of the wind energy pipe (1) and the material pipe (2) are overlapped.
3. The cyclone generating device of claim 1, wherein: the wind energy ring (4) is horn-shaped, the inlet end of the horn is connected with the outlet end of the material pipe (2), and the outlet end of the horn-shaped is connected with the inner wall of the wind energy pipe (1).
4. The cyclone generating device of claim 1, wherein: all the wind hole groups are uniformly arranged on the wind energy ring (4) along the circumferential direction.
5. Cyclonic generating apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the axial line of each wind hole (6) and the axial line of the wind energy pipe (1) are positioned on the same plane, and the opening direction points to the inner wall of the wind energy pipe or the axial line of the wind energy pipe.
6. Cyclonic generating apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the axis of each wind hole (6) and the axis of the wind energy pipe (1) are positioned in different planes.
7. Cyclonic generating apparatus as claimed in any one of claims 1 to 4, wherein: the total area of all wind holes (6) on the wind energy ring (4) is consistent with the area of the inlet of the air inlet cylinder (3).
8. The cyclone generating device of claim 1, wherein: the closed ring (5) is arranged at the inner end of the air inlet cylinder (3).
9. The cyclone generating device as claimed in claim 1 or 8, wherein: the closed ring (5) is in a horn shape with a straight line or an arc-shaped generatrix.
10. The cyclone generating device of claim 1, wherein: the axial direction of the air inlet cylinder (3) is vertical to the axial line of the wind energy pipe (1), or the axial line of the air inlet cylinder (3) is obliquely directed to the outlet end of the material pipe (2).
CN201920406569.6U 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Cyclone generating device Active CN209853327U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920406569.6U CN209853327U (en) 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Cyclone generating device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920406569.6U CN209853327U (en) 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Cyclone generating device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209853327U true CN209853327U (en) 2019-12-27

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920406569.6U Active CN209853327U (en) 2019-03-28 2019-03-28 Cyclone generating device

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN209853327U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109987418A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-07-09 张宪 A kind of cyclone generating device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109987418A (en) * 2019-03-28 2019-07-09 张宪 A kind of cyclone generating device

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