CN209737302U - Automatic grinding and polishing machine - Google Patents

Automatic grinding and polishing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209737302U
CN209737302U CN201920344048.2U CN201920344048U CN209737302U CN 209737302 U CN209737302 U CN 209737302U CN 201920344048 U CN201920344048 U CN 201920344048U CN 209737302 U CN209737302 U CN 209737302U
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China
Prior art keywords
side wall
polishing
base
wheel
top surface
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201920344048.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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王承辉
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Individual
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Individual
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Abstract

The utility model provides an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, including burnishing and polishing device, manipulator and burnishing and polishing dynamics controlling means, dynamics controlling means includes a frame, it varies highly to erect a radical axis and control the lateral wall between the front and back lateral wall of frame, the axle housing joint has can follow axle circumferential direction's bearing frame, the top surface of bearing frame is kept level with the left side wall or the right side wall top surface of the higher one side of frame, the right side wall of the lower one side of frame or the upper portion inboard of left side wall are fixed with the sensor, the top surface of frame covers there is the workstation, the workstation is supported by the higher right side wall of bearing frame and frame or left side wall, the back of the unsettled one side of workstation is fixed with vertical sensor tablet, the top surface is provided with the fixing base that can the centre gripping work piece, the sensor tablet can trigger the sensor when. The utility model discloses an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, simple structure is reasonable, has solved the wheel of polishing or the wheel of polishing well because wearing and tearing are fast and the problem of the propulsive dynamics of unable timely adjustment manipulator in the burnishing and polishing in-process.

Description

automatic grinding and polishing machine
Technical Field
The utility model relates to a burnishing and polishing field especially relates to an utilize wheel of polishing or polishing wheel to carry out the equipment of processing to the workpiece surface, and more specifically relates to a controllable automatic burnishing and polishing machine of dynamics between wheel of polishing or polishing wheel and the work piece.
Background
Grinding and polishing are an important processing technology in industrial processing. The polishing refers to a processing technology for obtaining patterns or removing burrs on the surface of a workpiece by improving the roughness of the surface of the workpiece by using a machine, and the polishing refers to a processing technology for obtaining a bright and flat surface by reducing the roughness of the surface of the workpiece by using a machine; the grinding and polishing equipment is basically the same, except that the grinding is to contact the surface of the workpiece by a grinding wheel, the polishing is to contact the surface of the workpiece by a polishing wheel, the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel rotating at high speed is pressed towards the workpiece, and the surface of the workpiece is rolled and micro-cut by the abrasive on the surface of the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel, so as to obtain a carved, deburred or bright processing surface. At present, grinding and polishing production mainly adopts manual operation, the labor intensity of manual grinding and polishing is high, the working efficiency is low, and dust generated in the grinding and polishing process can cause great harm to the bodies of workers, so that a grinding and polishing workstation and a grinding and polishing robot are adopted to replace manual grinding and polishing, which is an item that is being explored, researched, developed and promoted by technicians in the field in recent years, but the item cannot be completely broken through at present because the grinding and polishing effect is ensured by the contact force between a workpiece and a grinding wheel or a polishing wheel, but the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel is quickly worn in the grinding and polishing process, the contact force between the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel and the workpiece is quickly changed irregularly, and the existing robot has a force sensor, but because the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel frequently collides with the workpiece in the grinding and polishing process, making the data of the force sensor difficult to process and utilize.
Disclosure of Invention
for the problem that exists more than solving, the utility model aims at providing an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, this automatic burnishing and polishing machine can in time give robotic arm with work piece and the pressure feedback between wheel or the polishing wheel of polishing, lets robotic arm in time adjust propulsive dynamics to make the work piece and polish the wheel or polish and obtain a stable cohesion between the wheel.
For the purpose of realizing above, the utility model discloses an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, including burnishing and polishing device and manipulator, its characterized in that: the automatic polishing machine also comprises a polishing force control device, the force control device comprises a base, the base comprises a front side wall, a rear side wall, a left side wall, a right side wall, the front side wall and the rear side wall are equal in height, one of the left side wall and the right side wall is slightly higher than the front side wall and the rear side wall, a shaft is erected between the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base, two ends of the shaft are respectively arranged at the middle positions of the upper parts of the front side wall and the rear side wall, a bearing seat is sleeved on the shaft in the base and is internally provided with a ball bearing, the bearing seat can rotate along the circumferential direction of the shaft, the top surface of the bearing seat is flush with the top surface of the left side wall or the right side wall higher than the base, a sensor is fixed on the inner side of the upper part of the right side wall or the left side wall lower, a vertical sensor induction plate is fixed on the back of the suspended side of the workbench, the induction plate can trigger the sensor and enable the sensor to send a signal when the workbench rotates in place, a polishing force adjusting device is fixed on the top surface or the side surface of the workbench, which is close to the higher left side wall or the right side wall of the machine base, and the polishing device or a fixing seat capable of clamping a workpiece is fixed on the top surface of the suspended side of the workbench; the manipulator is positioned on the outer side of the right side wall or the left side wall of the lower side of the base of the force control device.
Preferably, the polishing force adjusting device comprises a force balance block, a screw rod capable of enabling the balance block to move transversely, two optical shafts for guiding and bearing the balance block, a motor for driving the screw rod to rotate, a fixing screw rod and a support seat for the optical shafts, wherein the bottom surface of the support seat is in contact with the top surface of the workbench, and the bottom surface of the support seat is partially suspended.
Preferably, the grinding and polishing force adjusting device comprises a spring, an upper supporting seat and a lower supporting seat, a screw rod positioned between the upper supporting seat and the lower supporting seat, optical axes positioned at two sides of the screw rod, a moving seat capable of moving up and down along the optical axes and a motor driving the screw rod to rotate, wherein the motor is fixed on the top surface of the upper supporting seat; the grinding and polishing force adjusting device is located on the outer side of the higher left side wall or the right side wall of the machine base, one end of the spring is fixed on the side face of the workbench, and the other end of the spring is fixed on the movable base.
Preferably, the manipulator comprises a base and an arm rotationally connected with the base, the polishing device comprises a polishing wheel or a polishing wheel and a support used for fixing the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel, and the manipulator comprises a base and an arm rotationally connected with the base.
Preferably, the grinding and polishing device is fixed on the top surface of the suspended side of the workbench of the grinding and polishing force control device, and the axial direction of a grinding wheel or a polishing wheel of the grinding and polishing device is the same as the axial direction of the force control device; the tail end of the mechanical arm clamps the workpiece and enables the workpiece to be positioned right above the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel.
Preferably, the fixed seat capable of clamping the workpiece is fixed on the top surface of the suspended side of the workbench of the polishing force control device; the tail end of the mechanical arm clamps a support of the polishing device, the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is positioned right above the fixed seat, and the axial direction of the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is vertical to the shaft of the polishing force control device.
In order to make the workbench more stable in the rotating process, preferably, the shaft on the base of the force control device passes through the front and rear side walls of the base and is fixed on the front and rear side walls of the base through nuts positioned outside the base, and the two bearing seats are respectively arranged on the inner sides of the front and rear side walls of the base.
In order to enable the workbench to be better matched with the machine base in the rotating process, preferably, the bottom surface of the workbench of the force control device is provided with a vertical side edge.
In order to make the top surface of the machine base support the workbench better, preferably, the top surfaces of the left and right side walls of the machine base of the force control device are extended inwards to form transverse edges.
In order to prevent the workbench, the top surface of the side wall of the machine base and the top surface of the bearing seat from being damaged by hard collision in the working process, preferably, the top surface of the higher left side wall or the right side wall of the machine base of the force control device and the top surface of the bearing seat are respectively provided with a shockproof gasket.
The utility model discloses in, so-called burnishing and polishing machine is the general name of polisher and burnishing machine, is the polisher when adopting the burnishing wheel to contact with the work piece promptly, is the burnishing machine when adopting burnishing wheel and work piece contact promptly.
The utility model discloses an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, set up a power degree controlling means between burnishing wheel or throwing aureola and work piece, lateral wall is not high about this power controlling means's frame, set up rotatable bearing frame around the frame between the lateral wall, make the workstation of bottom surface and this bearing frame contact can take place the slope to lower left side wall of frame or right side wall one side under vertical thrust effect, through arranging the top surface of the unsettled one side of workstation in with the work piece, the top of work piece is arranged in to burnishing wheel or throwing aureola, or arrange the top surface of the unsettled one side of workstation in with burnishing and polishing device, the top of burnishing wheel or throwing aureola is arranged in to the work piece, when manipulator centre gripping is beaten or the emery wheel is impeld and is touched the work piece to work piece or throwing aureola direction, or the work piece impels and is touched and is beaten or is thrown the aureola to the burnishing wheel direction, the slope takes place for the workstation The sensor sends a signal to the mechanical arm in time, the mechanical arm stops pushing towards the workpiece, a stable gravity component force is obtained between the workpiece and the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel to enable the workpiece and the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel to be attached to each other, and the force between the workpiece and the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is adjusted through the force adjusting assembly to obtain the best polishing effect. The utility model discloses an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, simple structure is reasonable, has solved grinding wheel or polishing wheel well because wearing and tearing are fast and the problem of the propulsive dynamics of unable timely adjustment manipulator in the burnishing and polishing in-process for the technique that adopts burnishing and polishing workstation, burnishing and polishing robot to replace artifical polishing can popularize and apply.
Drawings
fig. 1 is a schematic structural diagram of the automatic polishing machine of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the positive structure schematic diagram of the automatic polishing machine force control device of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is a schematic diagram of a side view of the force control device.
Fig. 4 is a schematic structural diagram of another automatic polishing machine of the present invention.
Fig. 5 is a reference view showing an operation state when the automatic grinder/polisher of fig. 1 performs polishing.
Fig. 6 is a reference view showing an operation state when the automatic grinder/polisher of fig. 5 performs polishing.
Fig. 7 is another structural schematic diagram of the force adjustment assembly.
Fig. 8 is a schematic view of the force adjusting assembly of fig. 7 fixed to a side surface of a worktable.
Detailed Description
As shown in fig. 1, 2 and 3, the automatic polishing machine of the present invention comprises a force control device 10, a polishing device 20, a manipulator 30 and a force adjusting device 40;
The force control device comprises a base, the base is of a horn-shaped structure, the bottom of the base extends outwards to form a horizontal side edge, the base comprises a front side wall 101, a rear side wall 102, a left side wall 103 and a right side wall 104, the front side wall and the rear side wall are equal in height, the left side wall is slightly lower than the front side wall and the rear side wall, the right side wall is slightly higher than the front side wall and the rear side wall, the height difference of the left side wall and the right side wall is about 5-20mm, a shaft 105 is erected between the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base and penetrates through the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base and is fixed at the middle position of the upper parts of the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base through a nut 106 positioned outside the base, bearing seats 107 are sleeved at two ends of the shaft positioned in the base, ball bearings 108 are arranged in, a pressure sensor 111 is fixed on the inner side of the upper part of the right side wall of the machine base, a workbench 112 covers the top surface of the machine base, the workbench is supported by a bearing seat and the right side wall, one side of the workbench close to the left side wall is suspended, a vertical side edge 113 is arranged on the bottom surface of the workbench, a vertical sensor induction plate 114 is fixed on the back surface of the suspended side of the workbench, and the induction plate can trigger the sensor and enable the sensor to send a signal when the workbench rotates in place;
The grinding and polishing device comprises a grinding wheel or polishing wheel 201 and a support 202 for fixing the grinding wheel or polishing wheel;
The manipulator comprises a base 301 and an arm 302, and the tail end of the arm can clamp a support of the polishing device;
The force adjusting device comprises a force balance block 401, a screw 402 capable of enabling the balance block to move transversely, two optical axes 403 for guiding and bearing the balance block, a motor 404 for driving the screw to rotate, a support seat 405 for fixing the screw and a cross rod, wherein the balance block penetrates through the screw and the optical axes, and the motor is fixed on the outer side wall of the support seat;
The top surface of the suspended side of the workbench of the force control device is provided with a fixed seat 502 capable of clamping a workpiece 501, the manipulator is positioned outside the left side wall of the force control device, the tail end of the arm of the manipulator clamps a support of the polishing device, the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is positioned right above the fixed seat of the polishing workpiece, the axial direction of the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is vertical to the shaft of the machine base, the force adjusting device is positioned on the workbench on the opposite side of the fixed seat of the workpiece, the bottom surface of the supporting seat is partially fixed on the workbench, and the part of the bottom surface of the.
Fig. 4 is another automatic burnishing and polishing machine of the utility model, this equipment is the top surface that is fixed in the unsettled one side of workstation of dynamics control device with burnishing and polishing device, the terminal centre gripping work piece of arm of manipulator to make the work piece be located burnishing wheel or burnishing wheel of burnishing and polishing device directly over, the axial of burnishing wheel or burnishing wheel is with the axial syntropy of frame, dynamics adjusting device is located on the workstation of the relative one side of work piece fixing base and the bottom surface part of its supporting seat is fixed in on the workstation, the part is unsettled.
when the automatic grinding and polishing machine of the utility model is used, as shown in figure 5, after a workpiece is positioned and fixed on the fixing seat, grinding and polishing are started, the manipulator clamps the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel to do grinding and polishing actions on the one hand, the manipulator pushes the workpiece vertically on the other hand and pushes the workpiece until the workpiece is touched, the workpiece drives the workbench of the force control device to rotate anticlockwise around the shaft after being collided, when the sensor induction plate rotating to the back of the workbench triggers the sensor on the inner side of the left side wall of the machine base, the sensor sends a signal to the manipulator, the manipulator stops pushing the workpiece in the direction and only does grinding and polishing actions, the force supported by the right side wall of the machine base is replaced by the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel, a stable binding force is obtained between the polishing workpiece and the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel, the force can be adjusted at any time, namely, the balance block of the force adjusting device moves leftwards, when the balance block moves leftwards, the mechanical arm only needs to apply small force to keep the working platform balanced, on the contrary, when the balance block moves rightwards, the mechanical arm only needs to apply large force to keep the working platform balanced, and the transverse movement of the balance block is used for adjusting the binding force between the workpiece and the polishing wheel or the grinding wheel so as to obtain the best polishing effect.
When the other automatic grinding and polishing machine of the utility model is used, as shown in fig. 6, when grinding and polishing are started, the manipulator holds the workpiece and does grinding and polishing actions on the one hand, on the other hand, the workpiece is vertically pushed towards the grinding wheel or polishing wheel of the grinding and polishing device and is pushed towards the grinding wheel or polishing wheel until the grinding wheel or polishing wheel touches the grinding wheel or polishing wheel, the worktable with the force control device is driven to rotate anticlockwise around the shaft after the grinding wheel or polishing wheel is collided, when the sensor induction plate rotating to the back of the worktable triggers the sensor at the inner side of the left side wall of the machine base, the sensor sends a signal to the manipulator, the manipulator stops pushing towards the grinding wheel or polishing wheel and only does grinding and polishing actions, at the moment, the force supported by the right side wall of the machine base is replaced by the grinding wheel or polishing wheel, and, the binding force can be adjusted in time by adjusting the balance weight of the force adjusting device to move leftwards or rightwards.
Fig. 7 is another structure 60 of the force adjusting device, which includes a spring 601, an upper supporting seat 602, a lower supporting seat 603, a screw 604 between the upper and lower supporting seats, an optical axis 605 at both sides of the screw, a moving seat 606 capable of moving up and down along the optical axis, and a motor 607 for driving the screw to rotate, the motor is fixed on the top surface of the upper supporting seat, as shown in fig. 8, the right side wall of the machine base is a side wall perpendicular to the horizontal plane, the upper and lower supporting seats of the force adjusting assembly are made to cling to the right side wall of the machine base, one end of the spring is fixed on the moving seat through a lower positioning nail 608, and the other end of the spring is fixed on the outer side. During the use, make through motor drive screw rod and remove the seat and reciprocate to taut or loosen the dynamics of spring, and then exert vertical pulling force for the unsettled one side of burnishing and polishing dynamics controlling means workstation, just so the elasticity of accessible spring adjusts the size of cohesion between work piece and the wheel of polishing or the polishing wheel, in order to obtain best polishing effect.
Above is only the utility model discloses two embodiments of automatic burnishing and polishing machine's concrete description, but these embodiments are not for the restriction the utility model discloses a protection scope, the all nothing breaks away from the utility model discloses technical scheme's equivalent is implemented or is changed, like burnishing and polishing device, manipulator or dynamics adjusting device structure or the change of position, all should contain in the scope of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. The utility model provides an automatic burnishing and polishing machine, includes burnishing and polishing device and manipulator, its characterized in that: the automatic polishing machine also comprises a polishing force control device, the force control device comprises a base, the base comprises a front side wall, a rear side wall, a left side wall, a right side wall, the front side wall and the rear side wall are equal in height, one of the left side wall and the right side wall is slightly higher than the front side wall and the rear side wall, a shaft is erected between the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base, two ends of the shaft are respectively arranged at the middle positions of the upper parts of the front side wall and the rear side wall, a bearing seat is sleeved on the shaft in the base and is internally provided with a ball bearing, the bearing seat can rotate along the circumferential direction of the shaft, the top surface of the bearing seat is flush with the top surface of the left side wall or the right side wall higher than the base, a sensor is fixed on the inner side of the upper part of the right side wall or the left side wall lower, a vertical sensor induction plate is fixed on the back of the suspended side of the workbench, the induction plate can trigger the sensor and enable the sensor to send a signal when the workbench rotates in place, a polishing force adjusting device is fixed on the top surface or the side surface of the workbench, which is close to the higher left side wall or the right side wall of the machine base, and the polishing device or a fixing seat capable of clamping a workpiece is fixed on the top surface of the suspended side of the workbench; the manipulator is positioned on the outer side of the right side wall or the left side wall of the lower side of the base of the force control device.
2. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 1 wherein: polishing dynamics adjusting device includes the dynamics balancing piece, can let balancing piece lateral shifting's screw rod, play two optical axes of direction and bearing effect, drive screw pivoted motor and clamping screw and the supporting seat of optical axis to the balancing piece, the bottom surface part of supporting seat with workstation top surface contact, part are unsettled.
3. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 1 wherein: the grinding and polishing force adjusting device comprises a spring, an upper supporting seat, a lower supporting seat, a screw rod, optical shafts, a moving seat and a motor, wherein the screw rod is positioned between the upper supporting seat and the lower supporting seat, the optical shafts are positioned on two sides of the screw rod, the moving seat can move up and down along the optical shafts, the motor drives the screw rod to rotate, and the motor is fixed on the top surface of the upper supporting; the grinding and polishing force adjusting assembly is located on the outer side of the higher left side wall or the right side wall of the machine base, one end of the spring is fixed on the side face of the workbench, and the other end of the spring is fixed on the movable base.
4. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 2 or 3 wherein: the manipulator comprises a base and an arm rotationally connected with the base, the polishing device comprises a polishing wheel or a polishing wheel and a support used for fixing the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel, and the manipulator comprises a base and an arm rotationally connected with the base.
5. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 4 wherein: the grinding and polishing device is fixed on the top surface of the suspended side of the workbench of the grinding and polishing force control device, and the axial direction of a grinding wheel or a polishing wheel of the grinding and polishing device is the same as the axial direction of the force control device; the tail end of the mechanical arm clamps the workpiece and enables the workpiece to be positioned right above the grinding wheel or the polishing wheel.
6. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 4 wherein: the fixed seat capable of clamping the workpiece is fixed on the top surface of the suspended side of the workbench of the polishing force control device; the tail end of the mechanical arm clamps a support of the polishing device, the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is positioned right above the fixed seat, and the axial direction of the polishing wheel or the polishing wheel is vertical to the shaft of the polishing force control device.
7. the automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 5 or 6 wherein: the two force control device bases are provided with shafts which penetrate through the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base and are fixed on the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base through nuts positioned outside the base, and the two bearing bases are respectively arranged on the inner sides of the front side wall and the rear side wall of the base.
8. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 7 wherein: and the bottom surface of the workbench of the force control device is provided with a vertical side edge.
9. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 8 wherein: the top surfaces of the left and right side walls of the base of the force control device extend inwards to form transverse edges.
10. The automatic grinder/polisher in accordance with claim 8 wherein: and the top surfaces of the higher left side wall or the right side wall of the base of the force control device and the top surface of the bearing seat are respectively provided with a shockproof gasket.
CN201920344048.2U 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Automatic grinding and polishing machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN209737302U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920344048.2U CN209737302U (en) 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Automatic grinding and polishing machine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201920344048.2U CN209737302U (en) 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Automatic grinding and polishing machine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209737302U true CN209737302U (en) 2019-12-06

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201920344048.2U Withdrawn - After Issue CN209737302U (en) 2019-03-19 2019-03-19 Automatic grinding and polishing machine

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209737302U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109807734A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-05-28 王承辉 Automatically grinding polishing machine

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109807734A (en) * 2019-03-19 2019-05-28 王承辉 Automatically grinding polishing machine
CN109807734B (en) * 2019-03-19 2024-02-23 王承辉 Automatic polishing machine

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