A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device
The utility model belongs to environmental technology field, and in particular to a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device.
In the present of China's economic high speed development, the yield of house refuse is also sharp increase, this is to environment bring shadow
Sound is extremely serious.Currently, China's residents in rural community whips disorderly to fall, or is just buried without any processing, this is to ring
Border causes great pollution.In order to reduce environmental pollution, designing a kind of equipment for treating rural garbage has important practical meaning
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of rural domestic refuse processing devices, solve existing in the prior art
Residents in rural community deals with the problem of causing environmental pollution improperly.
The utility model is including grinding device, defeated the technical scheme adopted is that a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device
Send device and pneumatic separation device, wherein grinding device includes the crush box being set to above conveying device, and crush box top is provided with
Rubbish feeding inlet, crush box are internally provided with disintegrating mechanism, and the driving of disintegrating mechanism is by the driving gear mechanism outside crush box
The utility model is also characterized by
Disintegrating mechanism specific structure are as follows: the rolling wheel including being set to rubbish feeding inlet bottom, rolling wheel pass through rolling
Wheel pressing shaft is fixed on inside the crush box, and rolling wheel and rubbish feeding inlet inner wall form gap, when rolling wheel is in rolling wheel shaft
When driving lower rotation, the gear power realization of cooperation rubbish feeding inlet inner wall crushes the fragile article in rubbish, oblique in rolling wheel
Lower section is additionally provided with crushing wheel, and crushing wheel is fixed on inside crush box by crushing wheel shaft, and tooth form gear is provided with beside crushing wheel
Plate, closely crushing wheel, the tooth-shaped baffle plate other end are located at below rolling wheel for tooth-shaped baffle plate one end, the fragile article after rolling wheel crushes
It is slipped to crushing wheel edge via tooth-shaped baffle plate with other rubbish, crushing wheel cooperation tooth-shaped baffle plate crushes rubbish；
Rolling wheel shaft is connected by V-type band A with the belt pulley A of driving gear mechanism, crushing wheel shaft by V-type with B and
The belt pulley B of driving gear mechanism is connected, and belt pulley A and belt pulley B are respectively positioned in gear-box, and master is additionally provided in gear-box
Moving gear and driven gear, wherein driven gear and belt pulley A are installed on driven gear shaft, driving gear and belt pulley B
It is installed on driving gear shaft, driving gear and driven gear engagement, driving gear pass through the output shaft of shaft coupling and motor C
It is connected.
Conveying device specific structure are as follows: driven wheel and driving wheel including rack both ends are arranged in, driven wheel and driving wheel
Between realized and be driven by belt, driven wheel is mounted on the rack by follower shaft, and driving wheel is mounted on by drive shaft
In rack, drive shaft is also connected with the output shaft of motor B.
It is additionally provided with intermediate support beam in rack, 3 groups of support constructions are provided on intermediate support beam to support belt.
Every group of support construction includes the roller carrier shaft being arranged on the intermediate support beam, is provided with carrying roller at the top of roller carrier shaft,
Carrying roller can be rotated around roller carrier shaft, and the rotation direction of carrying roller and the transmission direction of belt are consistent.
It is additionally provided with one end of tension pulley support in rack, tensioning wheel is provided on the other end of tension pulley support, is tensioned
Wheel is located at below belt, for making belt tension.
Pneumatic separation device specific structure are as follows: including the Winnowing box being set to below conveying device traffic direction end, Winnowing box
Opening with delivery device tip rubbish fall direction keep point-blank, inside Winnowing box be divided into heavy garbage collection
Room, middle matter garbage collection chamber, light refuse collecting chamber, heavy garbage collection chamber, middle matter garbage collection chamber, light refuse collecting chamber
Top communicates bottom and is separated by, and wherein heavy garbage collection chamber is located at the proximal most position of distance conveying device end, close to Winnowing box
Opening is provided with blower, and blower provides power by motor A.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device, by by house refuse via rubbish
Rubbish feeding inlet is poured into crush box, is carried out pulverization process to house refuse by the effect of crushing wheel and rolling wheel, is then passed through
Rubbish is transported to pneumatic separation device by the belt crossed in conveying device, under the wind-force effect of blower, is distinguished according to the density of rubbish
Different collecting chambers is fallen into, achievees the purpose that reprocessing, reduction rubbish occupied area to garbage classification, to residents in rural community
And environmental protection is of great significance.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model；
Fig. 2 is driving gear mechanism structural schematic diagram in a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model.
In figure, 1. crush wheel shaft, and 2. crushing wheels, 3. crush boxes, 4. rubbish feeding inlets, 5. rolling wheels, 6. roll wheel shafts,
7.V type band A, 8. tooth-shaped baffle plates, 9. belt pulley A, 10. gear-boxes, 11. belt pulley B, 12.V types band B, 13. driven wheels, 14. from
Driving wheel axis, 15. racks, 16. carrying rollers, 17. roller carrier shafts, 18. intermediate support beams, 19. tensioning wheels, 20. tension pulley supports, 21. electricity
Machine A, 22. blowers, 23. belts, 24. motor B, 25. drive shafts, 26. driving wheels, 27. heavy garbage collection chambers, matter in 28.
Garbage collection chamber, 29. light refuse collecting chambers, 30. motor C, 31. shaft couplings, 32. driven gears, 33. driving gears, 34. is main
Movable gear shaft, 35. driven gear shafts.
The utility model is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model, structure is as shown in Figure 1, include grinding device, conveying dress
It sets and pneumatic separation device, wherein grinding device includes the crush box 3 being set to above conveying device, and crush box top is provided with rubbish
Rubbish feeding inlet 4, crush box 3 are internally provided with disintegrating mechanism, and the driving of disintegrating mechanism is by the driving gear mechanism outside crush box 3
Disintegrating mechanism specific structure are as follows: the rolling wheel 5 including being set to 4 bottom of rubbish feeding inlet, rolling wheel 5 pass through
Rolling wheel shaft 6 is fixed on inside crush box 3, and rolling wheel 5 and 4 inner wall of rubbish feeding inlet form gap, when rolling wheel 5 is in rolling wheel
When axis 6 drives lower rotation, the gear power realization of cooperation 4 inner wall of rubbish feeding inlet crushes the fragile article in rubbish, is rolling
It takes turns 5 obliquely downward and is additionally provided with crushing wheel 2, crushing wheel 2 is fixed on inside the crush box 3 by crushing wheel shaft 1, by crushing wheel 2
While being provided with tooth-shaped baffle plate 8, closely crushing wheel 2,8 other end of tooth-shaped baffle plate are located at 5 lower section of rolling wheel, warp to 8 one end of tooth-shaped baffle plate
Fragile article and other rubbish after the crushing of rolling wheel 5 are slipped to 2 edge of crushing wheel via tooth-shaped baffle plate 8, and crushing wheel 2 cooperates tooth form
Baffle 8 crushes rubbish；
As shown in Fig. 2, rolling wheel shaft 6 is connected with A7 with the belt pulley A9 of driving gear mechanism by V-type, wheel shaft is crushed
1 is connected with B12 with the belt pulley B11 of driving gear mechanism by V-type, and belt pulley A9 and belt pulley B11 are respectively positioned on gear-box
In 10, driving gear 33 and driven gear 32 are additionally provided in gear-box 10, wherein driven gear 32 and belt pulley A9 are respectively mounted
On driven gear shaft 35, driving gear 33 and belt pulley B11 are installed on driving gear shaft 34, driving gear 33 and driven
Gear 32 engages, and driving gear 33 is connected by shaft coupling 31 with the output shaft of motor C30.
Conveying device specific structure are as follows: driven wheel 13 and driving wheel 26 including 15 both ends of rack are arranged in, driven wheel 13
Transmission is realized by belt 23 between driving wheel 26, driven wheel 13 is mounted in rack 15 by follower shaft 14, driving wheel
26 are mounted in rack 15 by drive shaft 25, and drive shaft 25 is also connected with the output shaft of motor B24.
It is additionally provided with intermediate support beam 18 in rack 15,3 groups of support constructions are provided on intermediate support beam 18 to support
Every group of support construction includes the roller carrier shaft 17 being arranged on the intermediate support beam 18, is provided at the top of roller carrier shaft 17
Carrying roller 16, carrying roller 16 can be rotated around roller carrier shaft 17, and the rotation direction of carrying roller 16 is consistent with the transmission direction of belt 23.
It is additionally provided with one end of tension pulley support 20 in rack 15, is provided with tensioning wheel on the other end of tension pulley support 20
19, tensioning wheel 19 is located at 23 lower section of belt, for being tensioned belt 23.
Pneumatic separation device specific structure are as follows: including the Winnowing box being set to below conveying device traffic direction end, wind
It selects box opening and delivery device tip rubbish direction of falling keeps point-blank, inside Winnowing box being divided into heavy rubbish
Collecting chamber 27, middle matter garbage collection chamber 28, light refuse collecting chamber 29, heavy garbage collection chamber 27, middle matter garbage collection chamber 28,
It communicates bottom at the top of light refuse collecting chamber 29 to be separated by, wherein it is nearest to be located at distance conveying device end for heavy garbage collection chamber 27
At position, selection by winnowing box opening is provided with blower 22, blower 22 provides power by motor A21.
A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model, working principle are as follows:
Since discarded metal and paper products have certain recovery value, can directly be purchased, this in conventional rubbish
A few class resources are few, so the present apparatus does not consider this few class rubbish.
Use front opening power switch, motor C30 high speed rotation, via in the zone of action movable tooth roller box 10 of shaft coupling 31
Driving gear shaft 34 rotates, so that driving gear 33 and belt pulley B11 be driven to rotate.Work of the belt pulley B11 via V-type with B12
The rotation of wheel shaft 1 is crushed with driving, so that crushing wheel 2 be driven to rotate.Driving gear 33 and 32 engagement of driven gear drive from
Moving gear 32 and driven gear shaft 35 rotate, so that belt pulley A9 be driven to rotate.Effect of the belt pulley A9 via V-type with A7 drives
It rolls wheel shaft 6 to rotate, so that rolling wheel 5 be driven to rotate.
When house refuse is poured into crush box 3 by rubbish feeding inlet 4, by rolling wheel 5 first to the glass etc. in rubbish
Fragile article is crushed, and the fragile articles such as glass after crushing and other rubbish are slipped to powder via 5 lower section tooth-shaped baffle plate 8 of rolling wheel
Broken wheel 2, rubbish is crushed, is fallen on belt 23.
Motor B24 drives driving wheel 26 to rotate, so that belt 23 and driven wheel 13 be driven to rotate.3 groups of 23 lower section of belt
Carrying roller 16 is rotated together around the roller carrier shaft 17 being mounted on intermediate support beam 18, can play the role of supporting belt 23.Skin
Elasticity with 23 can be controlled by the tensioning wheel 19 being mounted on tension pulley support 20.The position of tensioning wheel 19 can pass through tune
The angle of section tension pulley support 20 and rack 15 is realized.
Motor A21 fan 22 provides power, and blower 22 can provide sufficiently large wind-force.When smashed house refuse
Fragment starts to do the movement of falling object when being transported to 23 right side of belt, since the density of each component fragment has differences, so respectively
Component is slightly different in freely falling body stage horizontal distance.When each component fragment is fallen near 22 air outlet of blower, by blower
The wind-force of generation makes a component fragment move longer a distance in the horizontal direction.Therefore, heavy component will fall off away from
In the heavy garbage collection chamber 28 nearest from belt, light components horizontal displacement distance is long, so moving to farthest lightweight rubbish
In rubbish collecting chamber 30, middle matter constituent mass is between heavy and lightweight, so the middle matter rubbish among the two should be fallen to
In collecting chamber 29, to realize the classification processing of rubbish.