CN209438681U - A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device - Google Patents

A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN209438681U
CN209438681U CN201821340601.7U CN201821340601U CN209438681U CN 209438681 U CN209438681 U CN 209438681U CN 201821340601 U CN201821340601 U CN 201821340601U CN 209438681 U CN209438681 U CN 209438681U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
wheel
shaft
rubbish
belt
driving
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Active
Application number
CN201821340601.7U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杨振朝
刘三娃
袁启龙
刘玄冰
李言
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Zhongfu Power Technology Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Xian University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Xian University of Technology filed Critical Xian University of Technology
Priority to CN201821340601.7U priority Critical patent/CN209438681U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209438681U publication Critical patent/CN209438681U/en
Active legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

Links

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of rural domestic refuse processing devices, including grinding device, conveying device and pneumatic separation device, wherein, grinding device includes the crush box being set to above conveying device, crush box top is provided with rubbish feeding inlet, crush box is internally provided with disintegrating mechanism, the driving of disintegrating mechanism is realized by the driving gear mechanism outside crush box, pulverization process is carried out to house refuse by the effect of the crushing wheel and rolling wheel of disintegrating mechanism, then rubbish is transported to pneumatic separation device by the belt in conveying device, under the wind-force effect of blower, fall into different collecting chambers respectively according to the density of rubbish, achieve the purpose that garbage classification, the utility model solves the problems, such as that residents in rural community existing in the prior art is dealt with improperly and causes environmental pollution.

Description

A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to environmental technology field, and in particular to a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device.
Background technique
In the present of China's economic high speed development, the yield of house refuse is also sharp increase, this is to environment bring shadow Sound is extremely serious.Currently, China's residents in rural community whips disorderly to fall, or is just buried without any processing, this is to ring Border causes great pollution.In order to reduce environmental pollution, designing a kind of equipment for treating rural garbage has important practical meaning Justice.
Utility model content
The purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of rural domestic refuse processing devices, solve existing in the prior art Residents in rural community deals with the problem of causing environmental pollution improperly.
The utility model is including grinding device, defeated the technical scheme adopted is that a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device Send device and pneumatic separation device, wherein grinding device includes the crush box being set to above conveying device, and crush box top is provided with Rubbish feeding inlet, crush box are internally provided with disintegrating mechanism, and the driving of disintegrating mechanism is by the driving gear mechanism outside crush box It realizes.
The utility model is also characterized by
Disintegrating mechanism specific structure are as follows: the rolling wheel including being set to rubbish feeding inlet bottom, rolling wheel pass through rolling Wheel pressing shaft is fixed on inside the crush box, and rolling wheel and rubbish feeding inlet inner wall form gap, when rolling wheel is in rolling wheel shaft When driving lower rotation, the gear power realization of cooperation rubbish feeding inlet inner wall crushes the fragile article in rubbish, oblique in rolling wheel Lower section is additionally provided with crushing wheel, and crushing wheel is fixed on inside crush box by crushing wheel shaft, and tooth form gear is provided with beside crushing wheel Plate, closely crushing wheel, the tooth-shaped baffle plate other end are located at below rolling wheel for tooth-shaped baffle plate one end, the fragile article after rolling wheel crushes It is slipped to crushing wheel edge via tooth-shaped baffle plate with other rubbish, crushing wheel cooperation tooth-shaped baffle plate crushes rubbish;
Rolling wheel shaft is connected by V-type band A with the belt pulley A of driving gear mechanism, crushing wheel shaft by V-type with B and The belt pulley B of driving gear mechanism is connected, and belt pulley A and belt pulley B are respectively positioned in gear-box, and master is additionally provided in gear-box Moving gear and driven gear, wherein driven gear and belt pulley A are installed on driven gear shaft, driving gear and belt pulley B It is installed on driving gear shaft, driving gear and driven gear engagement, driving gear pass through the output shaft of shaft coupling and motor C It is connected.
Conveying device specific structure are as follows: driven wheel and driving wheel including rack both ends are arranged in, driven wheel and driving wheel Between realized and be driven by belt, driven wheel is mounted on the rack by follower shaft, and driving wheel is mounted on by drive shaft In rack, drive shaft is also connected with the output shaft of motor B.
It is additionally provided with intermediate support beam in rack, 3 groups of support constructions are provided on intermediate support beam to support belt.
Every group of support construction includes the roller carrier shaft being arranged on the intermediate support beam, is provided with carrying roller at the top of roller carrier shaft, Carrying roller can be rotated around roller carrier shaft, and the rotation direction of carrying roller and the transmission direction of belt are consistent.
It is additionally provided with one end of tension pulley support in rack, tensioning wheel is provided on the other end of tension pulley support, is tensioned Wheel is located at below belt, for making belt tension.
Pneumatic separation device specific structure are as follows: including the Winnowing box being set to below conveying device traffic direction end, Winnowing box Opening with delivery device tip rubbish fall direction keep point-blank, inside Winnowing box be divided into heavy garbage collection Room, middle matter garbage collection chamber, light refuse collecting chamber, heavy garbage collection chamber, middle matter garbage collection chamber, light refuse collecting chamber Top communicates bottom and is separated by, and wherein heavy garbage collection chamber is located at the proximal most position of distance conveying device end, close to Winnowing box Opening is provided with blower, and blower provides power by motor A.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device, by by house refuse via rubbish Rubbish feeding inlet is poured into crush box, is carried out pulverization process to house refuse by the effect of crushing wheel and rolling wheel, is then passed through Rubbish is transported to pneumatic separation device by the belt crossed in conveying device, under the wind-force effect of blower, is distinguished according to the density of rubbish Different collecting chambers is fallen into, achievees the purpose that reprocessing, reduction rubbish occupied area to garbage classification, to residents in rural community And environmental protection is of great significance.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is driving gear mechanism structural schematic diagram in a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model.
In figure, 1. crush wheel shaft, and 2. crushing wheels, 3. crush boxes, 4. rubbish feeding inlets, 5. rolling wheels, 6. roll wheel shafts, 7.V type band A, 8. tooth-shaped baffle plates, 9. belt pulley A, 10. gear-boxes, 11. belt pulley B, 12.V types band B, 13. driven wheels, 14. from Driving wheel axis, 15. racks, 16. carrying rollers, 17. roller carrier shafts, 18. intermediate support beams, 19. tensioning wheels, 20. tension pulley supports, 21. electricity Machine A, 22. blowers, 23. belts, 24. motor B, 25. drive shafts, 26. driving wheels, 27. heavy garbage collection chambers, matter in 28. Garbage collection chamber, 29. light refuse collecting chambers, 30. motor C, 31. shaft couplings, 32. driven gears, 33. driving gears, 34. is main Movable gear shaft, 35. driven gear shafts.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.
A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model, structure is as shown in Figure 1, include grinding device, conveying dress It sets and pneumatic separation device, wherein grinding device includes the crush box 3 being set to above conveying device, and crush box top is provided with rubbish Rubbish feeding inlet 4, crush box 3 are internally provided with disintegrating mechanism, and the driving of disintegrating mechanism is by the driving gear mechanism outside crush box 3 It realizes.
Disintegrating mechanism specific structure are as follows: the rolling wheel 5 including being set to 4 bottom of rubbish feeding inlet, rolling wheel 5 pass through Rolling wheel shaft 6 is fixed on inside crush box 3, and rolling wheel 5 and 4 inner wall of rubbish feeding inlet form gap, when rolling wheel 5 is in rolling wheel When axis 6 drives lower rotation, the gear power realization of cooperation 4 inner wall of rubbish feeding inlet crushes the fragile article in rubbish, is rolling It takes turns 5 obliquely downward and is additionally provided with crushing wheel 2, crushing wheel 2 is fixed on inside the crush box 3 by crushing wheel shaft 1, by crushing wheel 2 While being provided with tooth-shaped baffle plate 8, closely crushing wheel 2,8 other end of tooth-shaped baffle plate are located at 5 lower section of rolling wheel, warp to 8 one end of tooth-shaped baffle plate Fragile article and other rubbish after the crushing of rolling wheel 5 are slipped to 2 edge of crushing wheel via tooth-shaped baffle plate 8, and crushing wheel 2 cooperates tooth form Baffle 8 crushes rubbish;
As shown in Fig. 2, rolling wheel shaft 6 is connected with A7 with the belt pulley A9 of driving gear mechanism by V-type, wheel shaft is crushed 1 is connected with B12 with the belt pulley B11 of driving gear mechanism by V-type, and belt pulley A9 and belt pulley B11 are respectively positioned on gear-box In 10, driving gear 33 and driven gear 32 are additionally provided in gear-box 10, wherein driven gear 32 and belt pulley A9 are respectively mounted On driven gear shaft 35, driving gear 33 and belt pulley B11 are installed on driving gear shaft 34, driving gear 33 and driven Gear 32 engages, and driving gear 33 is connected by shaft coupling 31 with the output shaft of motor C30.
Conveying device specific structure are as follows: driven wheel 13 and driving wheel 26 including 15 both ends of rack are arranged in, driven wheel 13 Transmission is realized by belt 23 between driving wheel 26, driven wheel 13 is mounted in rack 15 by follower shaft 14, driving wheel 26 are mounted in rack 15 by drive shaft 25, and drive shaft 25 is also connected with the output shaft of motor B24.
It is additionally provided with intermediate support beam 18 in rack 15,3 groups of support constructions are provided on intermediate support beam 18 to support Belt 23.
Every group of support construction includes the roller carrier shaft 17 being arranged on the intermediate support beam 18, is provided at the top of roller carrier shaft 17 Carrying roller 16, carrying roller 16 can be rotated around roller carrier shaft 17, and the rotation direction of carrying roller 16 is consistent with the transmission direction of belt 23.
It is additionally provided with one end of tension pulley support 20 in rack 15, is provided with tensioning wheel on the other end of tension pulley support 20 19, tensioning wheel 19 is located at 23 lower section of belt, for being tensioned belt 23.
Pneumatic separation device specific structure are as follows: including the Winnowing box being set to below conveying device traffic direction end, wind It selects box opening and delivery device tip rubbish direction of falling keeps point-blank, inside Winnowing box being divided into heavy rubbish Collecting chamber 27, middle matter garbage collection chamber 28, light refuse collecting chamber 29, heavy garbage collection chamber 27, middle matter garbage collection chamber 28, It communicates bottom at the top of light refuse collecting chamber 29 to be separated by, wherein it is nearest to be located at distance conveying device end for heavy garbage collection chamber 27 At position, selection by winnowing box opening is provided with blower 22, blower 22 provides power by motor A21.
A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device of the utility model, working principle are as follows:
Since discarded metal and paper products have certain recovery value, can directly be purchased, this in conventional rubbish A few class resources are few, so the present apparatus does not consider this few class rubbish.
Use front opening power switch, motor C30 high speed rotation, via in the zone of action movable tooth roller box 10 of shaft coupling 31 Driving gear shaft 34 rotates, so that driving gear 33 and belt pulley B11 be driven to rotate.Work of the belt pulley B11 via V-type with B12 The rotation of wheel shaft 1 is crushed with driving, so that crushing wheel 2 be driven to rotate.Driving gear 33 and 32 engagement of driven gear drive from Moving gear 32 and driven gear shaft 35 rotate, so that belt pulley A9 be driven to rotate.Effect of the belt pulley A9 via V-type with A7 drives It rolls wheel shaft 6 to rotate, so that rolling wheel 5 be driven to rotate.
When house refuse is poured into crush box 3 by rubbish feeding inlet 4, by rolling wheel 5 first to the glass etc. in rubbish Fragile article is crushed, and the fragile articles such as glass after crushing and other rubbish are slipped to powder via 5 lower section tooth-shaped baffle plate 8 of rolling wheel Broken wheel 2, rubbish is crushed, is fallen on belt 23.
Motor B24 drives driving wheel 26 to rotate, so that belt 23 and driven wheel 13 be driven to rotate.3 groups of 23 lower section of belt Carrying roller 16 is rotated together around the roller carrier shaft 17 being mounted on intermediate support beam 18, can play the role of supporting belt 23.Skin Elasticity with 23 can be controlled by the tensioning wheel 19 being mounted on tension pulley support 20.The position of tensioning wheel 19 can pass through tune The angle of section tension pulley support 20 and rack 15 is realized.
Motor A21 fan 22 provides power, and blower 22 can provide sufficiently large wind-force.When smashed house refuse Fragment starts to do the movement of falling object when being transported to 23 right side of belt, since the density of each component fragment has differences, so respectively Component is slightly different in freely falling body stage horizontal distance.When each component fragment is fallen near 22 air outlet of blower, by blower The wind-force of generation makes a component fragment move longer a distance in the horizontal direction.Therefore, heavy component will fall off away from In the heavy garbage collection chamber 28 nearest from belt, light components horizontal displacement distance is long, so moving to farthest lightweight rubbish In rubbish collecting chamber 30, middle matter constituent mass is between heavy and lightweight, so the middle matter rubbish among the two should be fallen to In collecting chamber 29, to realize the classification processing of rubbish.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device, which is characterized in that including grinding device, conveying device and pneumatic separation device, In, grinding device includes the crush box (3) being set to above conveying device, and crush box top is provided with rubbish feeding inlet (4), powder Broken case (3) is internally provided with disintegrating mechanism, and the driving of disintegrating mechanism is realized by the external driving gear mechanism of crush box (3).
2. a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the disintegrating mechanism is specific Structure are as follows: the rolling wheel (5) including being set to rubbish feeding inlet (4) bottom, rolling wheel (5) are solid by rolling wheel shaft (6) It is internal to be scheduled on the crush box (3), rolling wheel (5) and rubbish feeding inlet (4) inner wall form gap, when rolling wheel (5) is rolling When wheel shaft (6) drives lower rotation, the gear power realization of cooperation rubbish feeding inlet (4) inner wall crushes the fragile article in rubbish, It is additionally provided with crushing wheel (2) in rolling wheel (5) obliquely downward, crushing wheel (2) is fixed on the crush box by crushing wheel shaft (1) (3) internal, it is provided with tooth-shaped baffle plate (8) beside crushing wheel (2), tooth-shaped baffle plate (8) one end closely crushing wheel (2), tooth-shaped baffle plate (8) other end is located at below rolling wheel (5), and the fragile article after rolling wheel (5) crushing is slipped to crushing wheel by tooth-shaped baffle plate (8) (2) edge, crushing wheel (2) cooperation tooth-shaped baffle plate (8) crush rubbish;
Rolling wheel shaft (6) is connected with A (7) with the belt pulley A (9) of driving gear mechanism by V-type, is crushed wheel shaft (1) It is connected with B (12) with the belt pulley B (11) of driving gear mechanism by V-type, belt pulley A (9) and belt pulley B (11) are respectively positioned on In gear-box (10), driving gear (33) and driven gear (32) are additionally provided in gear-box (10), wherein driven gear (32) It is installed on driven gear shaft (35) with belt pulley A (9), driving gear (33) and belt pulley B (11) are installed in driving tooth On wheel shaft (34), driving gear (33) and driven gear (32) engagement, driving gear (33) pass through shaft coupling (31) and motor C (30) output shaft is connected.
3. a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the conveying device is specific Structure are as follows: including driven wheel (13) and driving wheel (26) at rack (15) both ends, driven wheel (13) and driving wheel (26) is arranged Between by belt (23) realize transmission, driven wheel (13) is mounted on rack (15) by follower shaft (14), driving wheel (26) it is mounted on rack (15) by drive shaft (25), drive shaft (25) is also connected with the output shaft of motor B (24).
4. a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that on the rack (15) also It is provided with intermediate support beam (18), 3 groups of support constructions is provided on intermediate support beam (18) to support the belt (23).
5. a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device according to claim 4, which is characterized in that support construction described in every group Including the roller carrier shaft (17) being arranged on the intermediate support beam (18), carrying roller (16), carrying roller are provided at the top of roller carrier shaft (17) (16) it can be rotated around roller carrier shaft (17), the rotation direction of carrying roller (16) is consistent with the transmission direction of belt (23).
6. a kind of rural domestic refuse processing device according to claim 3, which is characterized in that on the rack (15) also It is provided with one end of tension pulley support (20), tensioning wheel (19), tensioning wheel are provided on the other end of tension pulley support (20) (19) it is located at below the belt (23), for being tensioned belt (23).
7. described in any item a kind of rural domestic refuse processing devices according to claim 1~6, which is characterized in that the wind Screening device specific structure are as follows: including the Winnowing box being set to below conveying device traffic direction end, selection by winnowing box opening with Delivery device tip rubbish fall direction keep point-blank, inside Winnowing box be divided into heavy garbage collection chamber (27), middle matter garbage collection chamber (28), light refuse collecting chamber (29), heavy garbage collection chamber (27), middle matter garbage collection chamber (28), it communicates bottom at the top of light refuse collecting chamber (29) to be separated by, wherein heavy garbage collection chamber (27) is located at distance conveying dress It at set terminal proximal most position, is provided with blower (22) close to selection by winnowing box opening, blower (22) provides power by motor A (21).
CN201821340601.7U 2018-08-20 2018-08-20 A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device Active CN209438681U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821340601.7U CN209438681U (en) 2018-08-20 2018-08-20 A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821340601.7U CN209438681U (en) 2018-08-20 2018-08-20 A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209438681U true CN209438681U (en) 2019-09-27

Family

ID=68008752

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821340601.7U Active CN209438681U (en) 2018-08-20 2018-08-20 A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209438681U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111068829A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-04-28 李冬林 Electric power insulator deironing device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111068829A (en) * 2019-11-15 2020-04-28 李冬林 Electric power insulator deironing device

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN207628480U (en) A kind of broken screening plant of construction waste
CN201684648U (en) Refuse sorting crusher
CN206793863U (en) A kind of biomass combustion particulate feed material reducing mechanism
CN104874582A (en) Household garbage crushing sorting system
CN105642645A (en) Dry type automatic fine separation method and device for urban mixed rubbish
CN210496574U (en) Waste material reducing mechanism
CN207119450U (en) A kind of efficient traditional Chinese medicine powder breakdown mill all-in-one
CN208728292U (en) A kind of large volume waste delivery, crushing and classification automated job machine
CN202575424U (en) Pneumatic conveyor in novel pulverizing system
CN209438681U (en) A kind of rural domestic refuse processing device
CN108187848A (en) Rotate vertical barrel full automatic high-efficiency stalk crusher
CN206564881U (en) A kind of anti-blocking rice straw crushes machine
CN112536081A (en) Automatic centralized collecting device for construction waste
CN110603967A (en) Straw smashing and recycling device for agricultural machinery
CN204817129U (en) Spent plastic film cleaning apparatus
CN106902959A (en) Industrial Solid Waste and biomass fuel broken automatic gauge conveying equipment and technique
CN102962129A (en) Magnetic separation device and method for sorting metal substances in household garbage
CN201410495Y (en) Box body type domestic waste classifier
CN110665579A (en) Broken apparatus for producing of grit
CN207735058U (en) A kind of crusher system for domestic rubbish disposal
CN202059965U (en) Band dryer
CN208928322U (en) For categorized consumer waste and the processing equipment of crushing
CN204434800U (en) A kind of cashmere card device
CN104226412B (en) A kind of pulverizer for pulverizing waste PP plate
CN202343464U (en) Household garbage comprehensive winnowing separator

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
TR01 Transfer of patent right

Effective date of registration: 20200925

Address after: 4 / F, building 1, Xinghu 101 Plaza, 1101 Xinghu Avenue, Nantong Development Zone, Jiangsu Province 226300

Patentee after: Jiangsu Zhongfu Power Technology Co., Ltd

Address before: 710048 Shaanxi city of Xi'an Province Jinhua Road No. 5

Patentee before: XI'AN University OF TECHNOLOGY

TR01 Transfer of patent right