CN209162571U - A kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure - Google Patents

A kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209162571U
CN209162571U CN201821778854.2U CN201821778854U CN209162571U CN 209162571 U CN209162571 U CN 209162571U CN 201821778854 U CN201821778854 U CN 201821778854U CN 209162571 U CN209162571 U CN 209162571U
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China
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sponge
permeable
water
saturating
layer
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CN201821778854.2U
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Inventor
明道轩
赵彬强
刘海涛
严明星
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Wuhan Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Wuhan Municipal Engineering Design and Research Institute Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structures, described to store in saturating structure sheaf equipped with multiple for absorbing water and the hollow body structure of water storage including permeable surface layer, the saturating structure sheaf of storage, enhancement layer and the ground layer being from top to bottom cascading.The sponge-type permeable pavement structure of the utility model, by the way that permeable surface layer is arranged and stores saturating structure sheaf, it can be quickly by the rainwater infiltration on road surface into pavement structure, and by storing setting hollow body structure in saturating structure sheaf described and can quickly absorb water and water storage, play water retention, convenient for that rainwater can be quickly introduced enhancement layer in rainfall, with stronger drainability, effectively avoid surface gathered water, and when pavement temperature is higher, enhancement layer and the rainwater of lower section are released by hollow body structure evaporation, are regulated and controled surface temperature, are slowed down tropical island effect.

Description

A kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure
Technical field
The utility model relates to pavement technique field more particularly to a kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structures.
Background technique
With the acceleration of urbanization process, a large amount of hard, which is mated formation, changes original ecology background and hydrological characteristics, and one Since rainfall cannot and at present be seeped, underground water cannot be replenished in time aspect, and on the other hand traditional municipal drainage system is difficult The run-off flood peak formed when adapting to heavy rainfall leads to some city water resource shortage in China, water environment pollution, flood And the problems such as deterioration of the ecological environment, is very serious.A key element of the rainwater as water circulation system, can in building city Continue to play an important role during water circulation system.Therefore, how Urban Storm Flood is implemented effectively to control to utilize to have become For an important topic of the departments such as planning, construction, environmental protection, water conservancy.In sponge urban renewal work progress, most of road Modification measures are that reservoir bed setting is carried out to roadbase, the aperture seepage pipe access municipal administration pipe of the embedded permeable geotextiles of package in part Net is discharged into city planting ductwork for being filtered to savings excessive rainfall, and this infiltration, discharge method, which only play, discharges rainwater Adjustment effect, fail to play " stagnant, store, the is net, with " function of urban road in sponge urban construction.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model be in view of the above shortcomings of the prior art, provide it is a kind of not only can be with Make surface rain quickly exclude and also can with water storage, regulation surface temperature, reduce tropical island effect environmental and ecological sponge-type it is permeable Pavement structure.
The technical solution that the utility model solves above-mentioned technical problem is as follows: a kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure, including Permeable surface layer, the saturating structure sheaf of storage, enhancement layer and the ground layer being from top to bottom cascading, described store are equipped in saturating structure sheaf It is multiple to be used to absorb water and the hollow body structure of water storage.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are: the sponge-type permeable pavement structure of the utility model, by the way that permeable face is arranged Layer and saturating structure sheaf is stored, it can be quickly by the rainwater infiltration on road surface into pavement structure, and by storing saturating structure described Setting hollow body structure can quickly absorb water and water storage in layer, play water retention, convenient for can be quick by rainwater in rainfall Import enhancement layer, have stronger drainability, effectively avoid surface gathered water, and when pavement temperature is higher, enhancement layer and The rainwater of lower section is released by hollow body structure evaporation, is regulated and controled surface temperature, is slowed down tropical island effect.
Based on the above technical solution, the utility model can also do following improvement:
Further, the permeable surface layer is made of hydrophobic polyurethane material and graded gravel bonding, and the permeable surface layer With a thickness of 30mm~50mm, and gravel porosity is not less than 20%.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: forming permeable face by hydrophobic polyurethane material and graded gravel bonding Layer can make the permeable surface layer have preferable water permeability, realize the moisture lower permeable effect of height seeped rapidly, it is ensured that road The weather-proof durable and outstanding freeze-thaw stability of face artistic decorative effect, and the artistic effect with stone color equipment decorations, outstanding Service performance, including good shock-absorbing performance and its comfortable walking feel of bring and good antiskid effect and sound-absorbing Noise reduction effect sets the permeable surface thickness to not less than 30mm, it is ensured that the structural strength of permeable surface layer.
Further, the coefficient of permeability of the permeable surface layer is not less than 10mm/s, flexural tensile strength is not less than 3.0MPa, freeze proof etc. Grade is not less than F150.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: above-mentioned permeable surface layer have preferable water permeability, flexural tensile strength and Anti-freezing property, service life are longer.
Further, the partial size of the graded gravel is 3mm~5mm.
Further, described store saturating structure sheaf for water-permeable cement concrete structure, compression strength is not less than 30MPa, and described The thickness of structure sheaf is stored not less than 150mm.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: water-permeable cement concrete structure structural strength with higher can be held Motor vehicle load within by 3t.
Further, the hollow body structure includes cavity, the side wall of the cavity is equipped with multiple for infiltrating into the storage Rainwater in saturating structure sheaf enters the through-hole of the hollow body structure, and water suction filler is equipped in the cavity.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is:, can be so as to by the way that multiple through-holes are arranged on the side wall of the cavity Enter in the cavity in the rainwater of lower infiltration and absorbed by the water suction filler, plays the effect of water suction water storage.
Further, the water suction filler is sponge.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: sponge sucks in water, and performance is stronger, and is not easy to be decomposed by the microorganisms, and uses It lasts a long time.
Further, the enhancement layer is made of graded broken stone, the thickness of the enhancement layer is not less than 150mm, and the grade Partial size with rubble is no more than 60mm.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: the enhancement layer structural strength of graded broken stone composition is big, and water penetration Can be good, it is seeped convenient for rainwater is smoothly lower.
Further, the coefficient of permeability of the enhancement layer is greater than the coefficient of permeability of the permeable surface layer.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: described by the way that the coefficient of permeability of the enhancement layer to be set greater than The coefficient of permeability of water surface layer can make the rainwater for entering the saturating structure sheaf of storage through the permeable surface layer more smoothly flow Out.
Further, being additionally provided with geotextiles between the enhancement layer and ground layer.
The beneficial effect of above-mentioned further scheme is: setting geotextiles can carry out anti-filter and isolation to ground layer, can be with Play the role of protection and reinforcing to the place of ground weakness.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the sponge-type permeable pavement structure schematic diagram of the utility model.
In attached drawing, parts list represented by the reference numerals are as follows:
1, permeable surface layer, 2, the saturating structure sheaf of storage, 3, enhancement layer, 4, ground layer, 21, hollow body structure.
Specific embodiment
The principles of the present invention and feature are described below in conjunction with attached drawing, example is served only for explaining that this is practical It is novel, it is not intended to limit the scope of the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure, including be from top to bottom cascading permeable surface layer 1, Structure sheaf 2, enhancement layer 3 and ground layer 4 are stored, it is described to store in saturating structure sheaf 2 equipped with multiple for absorbing water and the ducted body of water storage Structure 21.
By the way that permeable surface layer is arranged and stores saturating structure sheaf, can quickly by the rainwater infiltration on road surface into pavement structure, And by storing setting hollow body structure in saturating structure sheaf described and can quickly absorb water and water storage, water retention is played, is convenient for Rainwater can be quickly introduced into enhancement layer in rainfall, there is stronger drainability, effectively avoid surface gathered water, and on road When face temperature is higher, the rainwater of enhancement layer and lower section is released by hollow body structure evaporation, is regulated and controled surface temperature, is slowed down heat Island effect.
In embodiment provided by the utility model, the permeable surface layer 1 is bonded by hydrophobic polyurethane material and graded gravel Composition, and the permeable surface layer 1 is with a thickness of 30mm~50mm, and gravel porosity is not less than 20%.Pass through hydrophobic polyurethane material Material forms permeable surface layer 1 with graded gravel bonding, and the permeable surface layer 1 can be made to have preferable water permeability, realizes water Divide the lower permeable effect of height seeped rapidly, it is ensured that the weather-proof durable and outstanding freeze-thaw stability of road surface artistic decorative effect, and Artistic effect with stone color equipment decorations, outstanding service performance, including good shock-absorbing performance and its comfortable walking of bring Feel and good antiskid effect and absorbing sound and lowering noise effect set permeable 1 thickness of surface layer to not less than 30mm, can To guarantee the structural strength of permeable surface layer 1.
Preferably, in embodiment provided by the utility model, the coefficient of permeability of the permeable surface layer 1 is not less than 10mm/s, Flexural tensile strength is not less than 3.0MPa, and freeze proof grade is not less than F150.Above-mentioned permeable surface layer 1 has preferable water permeability, curved drawing Intensity and anti-freezing property, service life are longer.
Preferably, in embodiment provided by the utility model, the partial size of the graded gravel is 3mm~5mm.
In embodiment provided by the utility model, the saturating structure sheaf 2 of storage is water-permeable cement concrete structure, compression strength Not less than 30MPa, and the thickness for storing saturating structure sheaf 2 is not less than 150mm.Water-permeable cement concrete structure knot with higher Structure intensity.
In embodiment provided by the utility model, the hollow body structure 21 includes cavity, is set on the side wall of the cavity There are multiple through-holes for entering the hollow body structure 21 for infiltrating into the rainwater stored in saturating structure sheaf 2, is set in the cavity There is water suction filler.By the way that multiple through-holes are arranged on the side wall of the cavity, the sky can be entered in order to the rainwater of lower infiltration It is intracavitary and by the water suction filler absorb, play water suction water storage effect.
Preferably, in embodiment provided by the utility model, the water suction filler is sponge.Performance that sponge sucks in water compared with By force, it and is not easy to be decomposed by the microorganisms, service life is longer.
In embodiment provided by the utility model, the enhancement layer 3 is made of graded broken stone, the thickness of the enhancement layer 3 Not less than 150mm, and the partial size of the graded broken stone is no more than 60mm.The enhancement layer structural strength of graded broken stone composition is big, and And water permeability is good, seeps convenient for rainwater is smoothly lower.
Preferably, in embodiment provided by the utility model, the coefficient of permeability of the enhancement layer 3 is greater than the permeable surface layer 1 coefficient of permeability.It, can be with by the way that the coefficient of permeability of the enhancement layer 3 to be set greater than to the coefficient of permeability of the permeable surface layer 1 It is more smoothly flowed out so that entering the rainwater for storing saturating structure sheaf 2 through the permeable surface layer 1.
Particularly, ground layer 3 can embody the water system that permeable pavement structure maintains earth's surface or more using firm plain soil base The characteristic of balance uses ground enhancement layer on plain soil base, further enhances the load bearing ability of base.
Preferably, in embodiment provided by the utility model, geotextiles are additionally provided between the enhancement layer 3 and ground layer 4. Geotextiles, which are arranged, can carry out anti-filter and isolation to ground layer 4, and the work of protection and reinforcing can be played to the place of ground weakness With.
The permeable pavement structure of the utility model is suitable for cell road, square, the pavement in green road and urban road And non-motorized lane.Rainwater can be made quickly to exclude and water storage, regulation surface temperature, reduce tropical island effect, and physical beauty It sees, ecological, environmental protective.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, is not intended to limit the utility model, all practical at this Within novel spirit and principle, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the guarantor of the utility model Within the scope of shield.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure, it is characterised in that: including the permeable surface layer being from top to bottom cascading (1), store saturating structure sheaf (2), enhancement layer (3) and ground layer (4), it is described store be equipped in saturating structure sheaf (2) it is multiple for absorb water with The hollow body structure (21) of water storage.
2. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the permeable surface layer (1) is by hydrophobic Polyurethane material and graded gravel bonding form, and the permeable surface layer (1) is with a thickness of 30mm~50mm, and gravel porosity is not Less than 20%.
3. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the permeable surface layer (1) it is permeable Coefficient is not less than 10mm/s, and flexural tensile strength is not less than 3.0MPa, and freeze proof grade is not less than F150.
4. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the partial size of the graded gravel is 3mm~5mm.
5. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: described to store saturating structure sheaf (2) and be Water cement concrete structure, compression strength is not less than 30MPa, and the thickness for storing saturating structure sheaf (2) is not less than 150mm.
6. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the hollow body structure (21) includes Cavity, the side wall of the cavity are equipped with multiple for infiltrating into the rainwater stored in saturating structure sheaf (2) into the ducted body The through-hole of structure (21), the cavity is interior to be equipped with water suction filler.
7. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 6, it is characterised in that: the water suction filler is sponge.
8. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the enhancement layer (3) is broken by gradation Stone composition, the thickness of the enhancement layer (3) is not less than 150mm, and the partial size of the graded broken stone is no more than 60mm.
9. sponge-type permeable pavement structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the permeable system of the enhancement layer (3) Number is greater than the coefficient of permeability of the permeable surface layer (1).
10. -9 described in any item sponge-type permeable pavement structures according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the enhancement layer (3) Geotextiles are additionally provided between ground layer (4).
CN201821778854.2U 2018-10-30 2018-10-30 A kind of sponge-type permeable pavement structure Active CN209162571U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
CN209162571U true CN209162571U (en) 2019-07-26

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110761140A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 安徽亚顺工程管理有限公司 Asphalt pavement and construction method thereof
CN112064449A (en) * 2020-09-13 2020-12-11 武汉市汉阳市政建设集团有限公司 Ecological gallery sponge green channel circulating system and construction method thereof

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110761140A (en) * 2019-10-25 2020-02-07 安徽亚顺工程管理有限公司 Asphalt pavement and construction method thereof
CN110761140B (en) * 2019-10-25 2021-06-22 安徽亚顺工程管理有限公司 Asphalt pavement and construction method thereof
CN112064449A (en) * 2020-09-13 2020-12-11 武汉市汉阳市政建设集团有限公司 Ecological gallery sponge green channel circulating system and construction method thereof
CN112064449B (en) * 2020-09-13 2022-02-11 武汉市汉阳市政建设集团有限公司 Ecological gallery sponge green channel circulating system and construction method thereof

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