CN209089443U - Electromechanical lichee harvester - Google Patents

Electromechanical lichee harvester Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209089443U
CN209089443U CN201821668995.9U CN201821668995U CN209089443U CN 209089443 U CN209089443 U CN 209089443U CN 201821668995 U CN201821668995 U CN 201821668995U CN 209089443 U CN209089443 U CN 209089443U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
plate
motor
sliding slot
screw rod
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821668995.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张宏都
岑光杜
李福敏
毕天滋
李竞
韦磊
李有立
戴宛林
李卓青
蒙军
江山
李中淼
黎瑞勇
赵健棋
王馨
韦林
粱曦文
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Guangxi University
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Guangxi University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
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Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi University filed Critical Guangxi University
Priority to CN201821668995.9U priority Critical patent/CN209089443U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209089443U publication Critical patent/CN209089443U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Electromechanical lichee harvester, including elevating mechanism, clamping cutting mechanism, logistics transport mechanism, multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism and rack.Most of mechanism all uses electric-motor drive, it is ingenious using gear engagement, screw rod driving etc. modes come the close fit between implementation mechanism, integrate the functions such as clamping picking, logistics transmission, improve the efficiency and safety of worker's picking, the utility model is easy to operate, brings great convenience to the picking of lichee.

Description

Electromechanical lichee harvester
Technical field
The utility model relates to picking fruit tool agriculturally, specifically a kind of electromechanical lichee harvester.
Background technique
Lichee picking at present is all manual hand manipulation, auxiliary picker has occurred in some areas, but automate journey It spends not high;It is even picked entirely by manpower in remote mountain areas.Since litchi height is to several meters, lichee distribution is not concentrated, existing work Tool lacks clamping function, so that the personal dangerousness and lichee spoilage when picking lichee are high.It is manually picked in addition, this Mode heavy workload, and working efficiency is low.Therefore, there is an urgent need to realize that the electromechanical integration of lichee is picked.
Summary of the invention
In order to solve the above technical problems, the utility model provides a kind of electromechanical lichee harvester, picking can be improved The working efficiency of lichee, and it is easily operated, it is highly-safe, the collection status of lichee shearing harvesting is improved well.
The utility model realizes that above-mentioned purpose adopts the following technical scheme that electromechanical lichee harvester, including front and back move Motivation structure, elevating mechanism, multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, logistics transport mechanism, clamping cutting mechanism and rack, specific structure and company It is as follows to connect relationship:
The back-and-forth motion mechanism includes front and back sliding slot, the first idler wheel, the second idler wheel, roller shaft, locating pin and support Plate, the front and back sliding slot are fixed on the rack, and the first idler wheel and the second idler wheel are connected in the sliding slot of front and back by roller shaft, support Plate is welded on roller shaft, and locating pin is fixed on the supporting plate,
The elevating mechanism includes the first motor, first bevel gear, second bevel gear, screw rod, lifting sliding slot, lifting Sliding block, the first connecting plate, the second connecting plate, the first bolt and the second bolt, the lifting sliding slot are fixed on back-and-forth motion mechanism Support plate on, screw rod is fixed on the middle part of lifting sliding slot, and second bevel gear is located at screw rod bottom, and lifting sliding slot passes through the first spiral shell Bolt and the second bolt connect with the first connecting plate and the second connecting plate, and the first connecting plate and the second connecting plate pass through lifting sliding slot Top is connected with lifting sliding slot, and the first motor is fixed on the bottom of lifting sliding slot, and first bevel gear is located on the first motor And engaged with second bevel gear, lifting slider with lifting sliding slot by connecting plate connected with screw rod and bevel gear between engagement it is straight Contact Transmission is connect to be gone up and down,
The mechanisms that rotate freely include bearing, rotary shaft, support plate and support arm more, and support plate is fixed on elevator First connecting plate of structure and the top of the second connecting plate, bearing weld on the supporting plate, and rotary shaft is engaged with bearing, support Arm is fixed on the rotary shaft, carries out cooperation by bearing and rotary shaft and realizes that 360 ° of support arm on axis rotate,
The logistics transport mechanism includes the second motor, first pulley, second pulley, wirerope, the first pin, the Two pins, transmission sliding block, the first fixing glue, the second fixing glue and collection frame, the first pulley are fixed on by the first pin The support arm lower end of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, the second motor are connected with the first pin and are fixed on multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism Support arm on, second pulley is fixed on the upper end of support arm by the second pin, and transmission sliding block is located on support arm, transmission cunning Block can be free to slide on support arm, and the first fixing glue and the second fixing glue are welded on the bottom end for transmitting sliding block, and wirerope passes through First pulley, second pulley, the first fixing glue and the second fixing glue are in tensioned state, collection frame be fixed on the first fixing glue and In second fixing glue,
The clamping cutting mechanism includes fixed bracket, sawtooth circular shear blade, the first belt pulley, the second belt pulley, skin Band, third motor, the 4th motor, the 5th motor, the first screw rod, the second screw rod, the first limit hole, the second limit hole and Fixture, the fixed bracket are fixed on the support arm of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, the first limit hole and the second limit hole difference It is fixed on the support bracket fastened left and right sides, third motor is fixed on the first limit hole and is connected with the first belt pulley It connecing, the first belt pulley is attached by belt and the second belt pulley, and sawtooth circular shear blade is fixed on the second belt pulley, and first Screw rod is connected with the 4th motor and passes through the first limit hole, and the second screw rod is connected with the 5th motor and passes through the second limit Hole, fixture are fixed on the side of the second limit hole.
The elevating mechanism is weldingly fixed on the roller shaft for being moved forward and backward mechanism.
Swinging up and down for the support arm is the engagement by worm screw and gear to realize.
The inclination angle of the clamping cutting mechanism is 10 degree.
The utility model has the prominent advantages that:
1, it can automate and continuously carry out lichee shearing and harvesting, and can carry out in situ shearing and adopting multi-facetedly It receives, lichee is first clamped and is sheared afterwards, fruit quality is improved.
2, working efficiency and the safety of lichee picking work are improved, and easily operated, improves lichee well The collection status for shearing harvesting solves the problems, such as manually to pick a large amount of physical strength of consumption and energy.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the elevating mechanism schematic diagram of electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the logistics transport mechanism schematic diagram of electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model.
Fig. 4 is the right side schematic view of the clamping cutting mechanism of electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model.
Fig. 5 is the leftschematic diagram of the clamping cutting mechanism of electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the front and rear rolling wheel signal of the back-and-forth motion mechanism of electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model Figure.
In the figure, it is marked as rack 1, front and back sliding slot 2, the first idler wheel 3, the second idler wheel 4, roller shaft 5, locating pin 6, support plate 7, the first motor 8, first bevel gear 9, second bevel gear 10, screw rod 11, lifting sliding slot 12, lifting slider 13, first connect Plate 14, the second connecting plate 15, the first bolt 16, the second bolt 17, bearing 18, rotary shaft 19, support plate 20, support arm 21, Two motor 22, first pulley 23, second pulley 24, wirerope 25, the first pin 26, the second pin 27, transmission sliding block 28, the One fixing glue 29, the second fixing glue 30, collection frame 31, fixed bracket 32, sawtooth circular shear blade 33, the first belt pulley 34, second Belt pulley 35, belt 36, third motor 37, the 4th motor 38, the 5th motor 39, the first screw rod 40, the second screw rod 41, First limit hole 42, the second limit hole 43, fixture 44.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is described further below by way of drawings and examples.
As shown in Figures 1 to 5, electromechanical lichee harvester described in the utility model, including be moved forward and backward mechanism, rise Descending mechanism, multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, logistics transport mechanism, clamping cutting mechanism and rack.Specific structure and connection relationship are such as Under:
The back-and-forth motion mechanism includes front and back sliding slot 2, the first idler wheel 3, the second idler wheel 4, roller shaft 5,6 and of locating pin Support plate 7, the front and back sliding slot 2 are fixed in rack 1, and the first idler wheel 3 and the second idler wheel 4 pass through roller shaft 5 and be connected to front and back In sliding slot 2, support plate 7 is welded on roller shaft 5, and locating pin 6 is fixed in support plate 7.
The elevating mechanism includes the first motor 8, first bevel gear 9, second bevel gear 10, screw rod 11, lifting cunning Slot 12, lifting slider 13, the first connecting plate 14, the second connecting plate 15, the first bolt 16 and the second bolt 17, the lifting sliding slot 12 are fixed in the support plate 7 for being moved forward and backward mechanism, and screw rod 11 is fixed on the middle part of lifting sliding slot 12, and second bevel gear 10 is located at 11 bottom of screw rod, lifting sliding slot 12 pass through the first bolt 16 and the second bolt 17 and 15 phase of the first connecting plate 14 and the second connecting plate It connects, the first connecting plate 14 and the second connecting plate 15 are connected by the top of lifting sliding slot 12 with lifting sliding slot 12, the first motor 8 It is fixed on the bottom of lifting sliding slot 12, first bevel gear 9 is located on the first motor 8 and engages with second bevel gear 10.Lifting Sliding block 13 and lifting sliding slot 12 pass through the first connecting plate 14 and the second connecting plate 15 and screw rod connection and first bevel gear 9 and the The direct Contact Transmission of engagement between two bevel gears 10 is gone up and down,
The mechanisms that rotate freely include bearing 18, rotary shaft 19, support plate 20 and support arm 21 more, and support plate 20 is solid Due to the first connecting plate 14 of elevating mechanism and the top of the second connecting plate 15, bearing 18 is welded in support plate 20, rotary shaft 19 are engaged with bearing 18, and support arm 21 is fixed in rotary shaft 19.Carrying out cooperation with bearing 18 by rotary shaft 19 makes to revolve Support arm 21 in shaft 19 realizes 360 ° of rotations,
The logistics transport mechanism includes the second motor 22, first pulley 23, second pulley 24, wirerope 25, the One pin 26, the second pin 27, transmission sliding block 28, the first fixing glue 29, the second fixing glue 30 and collection frame 31, described first is sliding Wheel 23 is fixed on 21 lower end of support arm of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, the second motor 22 and the first pin by the first pin 26 26 are connected and are fixed on the support arm 21 of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, and second pulley 24 is fixed on support by the second pin 27 The upper end of arm 21, transmission sliding block 28 are located on support arm 21, can be free to slide on support arm 21, the first fixing glue 29 and second Fixing glue 30 is welded on the bottom end of transmission sliding block 28, and wirerope 25 passes through first pulley 23, second pulley 24, the first fixing glue 29 It is in tensioned state with the second fixing glue 30, collection frame 31 is fixed in the first fixing glue 29 and the second fixing glue 30.
The clamping cutting mechanism includes fixed bracket 32, sawtooth circular shear blade 33, the first belt pulley 34, the second belt Take turns 35, belt 36, third motor 37, the 4th motor 38, the 5th motor 39, the first screw rod 40, the second screw rod 41, first Limit hole 42, the second limit hole 43 and fixture 44, the fixed bracket 32 are fixed on the support arm 21 of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism On, the first limit hole 42 and the second limit hole 43 are separately fixed at the left and right sides of fixed bracket 32, and third motor 37 is fixed It is attached on the first limit hole 42 and with the first belt pulley 34, the first belt pulley 34 passes through belt 36 and the second belt pulley 35 are attached, and sawtooth circular shear blade 33 is fixed on the second belt pulley 35, and the first screw rod 40 is connected simultaneously with the 4th motor 38 Across the first limit hole 42, the second screw rod 41 is connected with motor 5 39 and passes through the second limit hole 43, and fixture 44 is fixed on the The side of two limit holes 43.
The elevating mechanism is weldingly fixed on the roller shaft 5 for being moved forward and backward mechanism.
Swinging up and down for the support arm 21 is the engagement by worm screw and gear to realize.
The inclination angle of the clamping cutting mechanism is 10 degree.
Operation principle and process:
After determining the growth position of lichee, rack 1 is fixed, pushes the first idler wheel 3 and the second idler wheel 4 preceding by hand It is moved on sliding slot 2 afterwards, chooses the optimum position of front and back, then start the first motor 8, make first on the first motor 8 to bore Gear 9 drives the second bevel gear 10 on the screw rod 11 being located in lifting sliding slot 12 to rotate, so that screw rod 11 be made to follow rotation, allows Lifting slider 13 drives the bearing 18 on the first connecting plate 14 and the second connecting plate 15 to rise together, rises to certain altitude Afterwards, rotary shaft 19 is manually adjusted, makes sawtooth circular shear blade 33 and fixture 44 together as the support arm 21 in support plate 20 rotates To the correct angle of alignment fruit, go forward side by side step section first idler wheel 3 and the second idler wheel 4 make sawtooth circular shear blade 33 and fixture 44 close to fruit, continues to adjust lifting slider 13 and rotary shaft 19 close to after fruit, the branch of fruit is made to enter the opening of fixture 44 It is interior, start the 5th motor 39, the 5th motor 39 drives the rotation of the second screw rod 41, and the second screw rod 41 is in the second limit hole 43 Rotation makes fixture 44 clamp the branch of fruit, starts third motor 37, and third motor 37 drives the rotation of the first belt pulley 34, the One belt pulley 34 by belt 36 drive the second belt pulley 35 rotated, the second belt pulley 35 drive sawtooth circular shear blade 33 into Row rotation starts motor 4 38, and motor 4 38 rotates screw rod 1, and rotation of the screw rod 1 in limit hole 1 makes Sawtooth circular shear blade 33 has a forward feeding, to cut off the branch of fruit, after cutting off the branch of fruit, controls the 4th motor 38 and the 5th motor 39 invert, fixture 44 unclamps while retracting sawtooth circular shear blade 33, falls into fruit below fixture Collection frame 31 in, start the second motor 22, the second motor 22 drives first pulley 23 to rotate, and first pulley 23 drives solid The wirerope 25 being scheduled in the first fixing glue 29 and the second fixing glue 30 rotates, to drive the transmission being located on support arm 21 sliding Block 28 moves down, and the collection frame 31 being fixed on transmission sliding block 28 also declines therewith with fruit, to realize electromechanical Change the function of picking lichee.

Claims (4)

1. electromechanical lichee harvester, including it is moved forward and backward mechanism, elevating mechanism, multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, logistics transmission Mechanism, clamping cutting mechanism and rack, which is characterized in that specific structure and connection relationship are as follows:
The back-and-forth motion mechanism includes front and back sliding slot, the first idler wheel, the second idler wheel, roller shaft, locating pin and support plate, institute It states front and back sliding slot to be fixed on the rack, the first idler wheel and the second idler wheel are connected in the sliding slot of front and back by roller shaft, support plate weldering It being connected on roller shaft, locating pin is fixed on the supporting plate,
The elevating mechanism includes the first motor, first bevel gear, second bevel gear, screw rod, lifting sliding slot, lifting cunning Block, the first connecting plate, the second connecting plate, the first bolt and the second bolt, the lifting sliding slot, which is fixed on, is moved forward and backward mechanism In support plate, screw rod is fixed on the middle part of lifting sliding slot, and second bevel gear is located at screw rod bottom, and lifting sliding slot passes through the first bolt Connect with the second bolt with the first connecting plate and the second connecting plate, the first connecting plate and the second connecting plate pass through the upper of lifting sliding slot Portion is connected with lifting sliding slot, and the first motor is fixed on the bottom of lifting sliding slot, and first bevel gear is located on the first motor simultaneously Engaged with second bevel gear, lifting slider with lifting sliding slot by connecting plate connected with screw rod and bevel gear between engagement it is direct Contact Transmission is gone up and down,
The mechanisms that rotate freely include bearing, rotary shaft, support plate and support arm more, and support plate is fixed on elevating mechanism The top of first connecting plate and the second connecting plate, bearing weld on the supporting plate, and rotary shaft is engaged with bearing, and support arm is solid It is fixed that cooperation is carried out by bearing and rotary shaft and realizes that 360 ° of support arm on axis rotate on the rotary shaft,
The logistics transport mechanism includes the second motor, first pulley, second pulley, wirerope, the first pin, the second pin Nail, transmission sliding block, the first fixing glue, the second fixing glue and collection frame, the first pulley are fixed on mostly certainly by the first pin By the support arm lower end of degree rotating mechanism, the second motor is connected with the first pin and is fixed on the branch of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism In brace, second pulley is fixed on the upper end of support arm by the second pin, and transmission sliding block is located on support arm, and transmission sliding block can Free to slide on support arm, the first fixing glue and the second fixing glue are welded on the bottom end for transmitting sliding block, and wirerope passes through first Pulley, second pulley, the first fixing glue and the second fixing glue are in tensioned state, and collection frame is fixed on the first fixing glue and second In fixing glue,
The clamping cutting mechanism includes fixed bracket, sawtooth circular shear blade, the first belt pulley, the second belt pulley, belt, the Three-motor, the 4th motor, the 5th motor, the first screw rod, the second screw rod, the first limit hole, the second limit hole and fixture, The fixed bracket is fixed on the support arm of multiple degrees of freedom rotating mechanism, and the first limit hole and the second limit hole are separately fixed at The support bracket fastened left and right sides, third motor are fixed on the first limit hole and are attached with the first belt pulley, first Belt pulley is attached by belt and the second belt pulley, and sawtooth circular shear blade is fixed on the second belt pulley, the first screw rod with 4th motor is connected and passes through the first limit hole, and the second screw rod is connected with the 5th motor and passes through the second limit hole, fixture It is fixed on the side of the second limit hole.
2. electromechanical lichee harvester according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the elevating mechanism is welded and fixed On the roller shaft for being moved forward and backward mechanism.
3. electromechanical lichee harvester according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the support arm is swung up and down It is the engagement by worm screw and gear to realize.
4. electromechanical lichee harvester according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the clamping cutting mechanism inclines Angle is 10 degree.
CN201821668995.9U 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 Electromechanical lichee harvester Expired - Fee Related CN209089443U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821668995.9U CN209089443U (en) 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 Electromechanical lichee harvester

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821668995.9U CN209089443U (en) 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 Electromechanical lichee harvester

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209089443U true CN209089443U (en) 2019-07-12

Family

ID=67155219

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201821668995.9U Expired - Fee Related CN209089443U (en) 2018-10-15 2018-10-15 Electromechanical lichee harvester

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN209089443U (en)

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190712

Termination date: 20201015