CN209061613U - A kind of coarse cereals cleaner - Google Patents

A kind of coarse cereals cleaner Download PDF

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Publication number
CN209061613U
CN209061613U CN201821840981.0U CN201821840981U CN209061613U CN 209061613 U CN209061613 U CN 209061613U CN 201821840981 U CN201821840981 U CN 201821840981U CN 209061613 U CN209061613 U CN 209061613U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
screen cloth
coarse cereals
eccentric wheel
wheel mechanism
rack
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201821840981.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邱述金
崔清亮
李晓斌
杨梓越
郭玉明
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shanxi Agricultural University
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Shanxi Agricultural University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shanxi Agricultural University filed Critical Shanxi Agricultural University
Priority to CN201821840981.0U priority Critical patent/CN209061613U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN209061613U publication Critical patent/CN209061613U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model proposes a kind of coarse cereals cleaners, solve the deficiencies in the prior art, especially clean sordid problem to the sundries in coarse cereals.A kind of coarse cereals cleaner, including rack, motor, eccentric wheel mechanism, V-type band, sieve nest, motor is fixed on the lower-left end of rack, eccentric wheel mechanism is in the upper left side position of motor and is fixed on the rack, it is driven between motor and eccentric wheel mechanism by V-type band connection, eccentric wheel mechanism includes rocking bar, rocking bar is far from being arranged with oscillating bearing on one end of eccentric wheel mechanism, rocking bar is connected by the left end of oscillating bearing and sieve nest, to realize that sieve nest does motion of space curve under the rotation of eccentric wheel mechanism, the surrounding of sieve nest forms an accommodating chamber, upper screen cloth and lower screen cloth are installed in accommodating chamber, upper screen cloth and the lower screen cloth do motion of space curve simultaneously, the right end of upper screen cloth and lower screen cloth is separately provided for the first sliding groove and second sliding slot of discharge sundries.

Description

A kind of coarse cereals cleaner
Technical field
The utility model relates to mechanical equipment technical fields, particularly relate to one kind and clean completely, coarse cereals easy to use are clear Select machine.
Background technique
China is in the Socialist primary stage now, and the opposite backwardness of agriculture productivity, effective demand is not Foot, the generally income of peasant are relatively low.The production system of the decentralized management in rural area determines within one period from now on, still As main study subject and object is promoted using middle-size and small-size grain cleaner.Due to the unbalanced spy of the economic development in China Property, there are different trend for east, demand of the middle part from west area to product and technology, can there is lag in the exploitation of market The characteristics of, this feature determines that there is the medium and small agricultural machine that economical and practical, function is more, the rate of recovery is high relatively good development to become Gesture.Staple in northeast, North China, northwest is grain and cotton, so opposite grain cleaner manufacturing enterprise is more, according to these Regional characteristics, most of develop tend to large and medium-sized cleaner.But whether northern or south, improve people labour Transfer velocity and peasant living standard, middle-size and small-size cleaner development and design and promote all be than better suited, so It should obtain perfect and raising gradually.
With the maturation of mechanization of agriculture increasingly, same crop seeds clean it is mechanical also increasingly mature, cereal it is clear Choosing is essential link after grain harvest.It not only include the cereal of full maturation in cereal after harvest, simultaneously There are also because of mechanical damage, broken cereal and jejune cereal.A large amount of impurity, such as the grass of weeds are additionally, there may be Seed, silt soil, shell of cereal etc..Therefore it is both needed to that the cereal after harvest clean and can be used as the cereal met the requirements Other purposes.Cereal after cleaning, can obtain that quality is relatively uniform, the more consistent cereal of size.It designs thus The cleaner suitable for rain fed crops such as millet, oat, highland barleys, productivity 2t/h are gone out.This cleaner-separator is being cleaned In the process, first have to eliminating impurities as described above, it is secondary by the cereal after cleaning carry out it is secondary clean, that is, into Row sizing screening, and big and small two different cereal are filtered out respectively, it is selected for crowd.The main function of the design is to clean With classification crop, the design of the working principle and main parameter and important component of this machinery has been sketched in the design.
Utility model content
The utility model proposes a kind of coarse cereals cleaners, solve the deficiencies in the prior art, especially to coarse cereals In sundries clean sordid problem.
The technical solution of the utility model is achieved in that a kind of coarse cereals cleaner, including rack, motor, eccentric wheel Mechanism, V-type band, sieve nest, the motor are fixed on the lower-left end of the rack, and the eccentric wheel mechanism is in a left side for the motor Top position is simultaneously fixed in the rack, is driven between the motor and the eccentric wheel mechanism by the V-type band connection, The eccentric wheel mechanism includes rocking bar, and the rocking bar is arranged with oscillating bearing on one end far from the eccentric wheel mechanism, described Rocking bar is connect by the oscillating bearing with the left end of the sieve nest, to realize the sieve nest in the rotation of the eccentric wheel mechanism Under do motion of space curve;
The surrounding of the sieve nest forms an accommodating chamber, is equipped with upper screen cloth and lower screen cloth in the accommodating chamber, it is described on Sieve and the lower screen cloth do motion of space curve simultaneously, and the right end of the upper screen cloth and the lower screen cloth is separately provided for The first sliding groove and second sliding slot of sundries is discharged.
As a kind of preferential embodiment, hopper, the left end two of the hopper are fixed at the top of the left end of the rack The connecting rod for being connected with and playing a supportive role, the right end setting of the hopper are respectively set between side and the left end two sides of the rack There is hopper port, the position of the hopper port is in always in the range of the upper screen cloth does motion of space curve, the hopper There are angles between the sieve nest.
As a kind of preferential embodiment, the right end adjacent of the rack is provided with bracket, the top of the bracket The blower for drawing sundries is installed, the blower connect with the sieve nest and communicates, and the lower end of the blower is equipped with third sliding slot, The third sliding slot is connect with the blower to be communicated.
As a preferred embodiment, the identical circular through hole of multiple sizes is provided on the surface of the upper screen cloth, The identical square through hole of multiple sizes is provided on the surface of the lower screen cloth, the size of the circular through hole is greater than described rectangular logical The size in hole is in 6 ° of angles between the upper screen cloth entirety and ground, is in 10 ° of angles between the lower screen cloth entirety and ground.
As a preferred embodiment, the area of the lower screen cloth is greater than the area of the upper screen cloth.
As a preferred embodiment, there are four symmetrical pulleys for the bottom installation of the rack.
After above-mentioned technical proposal, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: containing because of machine in coarse cereals after receiving Tool causes damage, broken particle and jejune particle, additionally, there may be a large amount of sundries, such as grass grain, the mud of weeds Sandy soil etc..Therefore it is both needed to clean the coarse cereals after receiving, demand in people's life can be met, the utility model utilizes Motor drives eccentric wheel mechanism that sieve nest is made to do motion of space curve, to realize that better screening effect is equipped with upper sieve in sieve nest Net and lower screen cloth, the sundries in coarse cereals, can in the swing in sieve nest, by the filtering of two sieves, then by from The bottom of sieve is fallen on by falling bodies, can finally be fallen in the first sliding groove and second sliding slot for being mounted on upper screen cloth and lower screen cloth right end Face simultaneously ejects.Screening maximizing by two procedures in coarse cereals sundries and irregular particle screen selecting go out, Reach required standard.
When coarse cereals are toppled in material bin, impact force can be generated to hopper, in order to stabilize hopper, in the left end two sides of hopper Connecting rod is fixed with to be used to support, hopper it is integral inclined in sieve nest, can make to fall on sieve under the coarse cereals in it are faster, It will not cause the accumulation of the coarse cereals in hopper excessive because of the speed of blanking and block hopper port, the position of hopper port is in always In the range of upper screen cloth moves reciprocatingly, to guarantee from hopper port, the coarse cereals of whereabouts are all scattering on upper screen cloth, make to own Coarse cereals all cleaned.
In order to which further the sundries sub-argument in coarse cereals is discharged, it is provided in the right end adjacent of rack and draws sundries Blower, coarse cereals constantly turn over sieve on sieve, wherein lighter miscellaneous bits can be drawn by blower, and by coupled The discharge of third sliding slot preferably cleans effect to reach.
The circular through hole size being provided on upper screen cloth surface is greater than the square through hole size being provided on lower screen cloth surface, this Sample is conducive to sundries in coarse cereals and irregular particle preferably passes through during screening and under to fall on lower screen cloth enterprising Row postsearch screening, upper screen cloth and lower screen cloth are a certain included angle with ground respectively, and the coarse cereals on such sieve are in inclined compass screen surface On by the momentum that eccentric wheel mechanism is transmitted to generated continuous sling movement, coarse cereals and compass screen surface make to be less than sieve during meeting The particle in hole sieves thoroughly, to realize separation, is more advantageous to the screening to coarse cereals.
Coarse cereals in upper screen cloth will appear the case where being detached from compass screen surface in mechanical screening process, increase in design The area size of lower screen cloth, makes the area of lower screen cloth be greater than the area of upper screen cloth, and coarse cereals will not fall after detaching upper screen cloth The place other than sieve is fallen on, meanwhile, decrease the waste of grain.
In order to more convenient when use, pulley is installed in the bottom of rack, it can moving the machine to very comfortable The position of work, significantly reduces labour, brings more convenient.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to illustrate the embodiment of the utility model or the technical proposal in the existing technology more clearly, below will be to embodiment Or attached drawing needed to be used in the description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only It is some embodiments of the utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, before not making the creative labor property It puts, is also possible to obtain other drawings based on these drawings.
Fig. 1 is a kind of planar structure schematic diagram of embodiment of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the planar structure schematic diagram of connecting rod;
Fig. 3 is the partial enlargement diagram in Fig. 1 at A;
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram of hopper;
Fig. 5 is the planar structure schematic diagram of upper screen cloth;
Fig. 6 is the planar structure schematic diagram of lower screen cloth;
In figure: 1- rack;2- motor;3- eccentric wheel mechanism;4-V type band;5- sieve nest;6- upper screen cloth;7- lower screen cloth;8- material Bucket;9- connecting rod;10- bracket;11- blower;12- first sliding groove;13- second sliding slot;14- pulley;15- rocking bar;16- circle is logical Hole;17- square through hole;18- accommodating chamber;19- oscillating bearing;20- hopper port;21- third sliding slot.
Specific embodiment
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without creative efforts Every other embodiment obtained, fall within the protection scope of the utility model.
As shown in Figures 1 to 4, motor 2 is driven to realize the rotation of eccentric wheel mechanism 3, a left side for sieve nest 5 by V-type band 4 End is connect by oscillating bearing 19 with the rocking bar 15 in eccentric wheel mechanism 3, when motor 2 passes through the transmission belt movable eccentric wheel of V-type band 4 When 3 rotation, the rocking bar 15 in eccentric wheel mechanism 3 is moved, drive of the sieve nest 5 to link together with rocking bar 15 in rocking bar 15 Under can do motion of space curve, motion of space curve herein can be linear reciprocating motion.The surrounding of sieve nest 5 forms one A accommodating chamber 18 is equipped with upper screen cloth 6 and lower screen cloth 7 in accommodating chamber 18, and upper screen cloth 6 and the right end of lower screen cloth 7 are respectively arranged with First sliding groove 12 and second sliding slot 13, with the discharge for sundries, besides two sieves are a certain included angle respectively with ground The angle on relationship, upper screen cloth and ground is 6 °, and the angle on lower screen cloth and ground is 10 °, and the coarse cereals on such sieve are inclined Continuous sling movement is generated by the momentum that eccentric wheel mechanism 3 is transmitted on compass screen surface, coarse cereals make during meeting with compass screen surface Particle less than sieve pore sieves thoroughly, to realize separation, is more advantageous to the screening to coarse cereals.Since two sieves are to do space simultaneously Curvilinear motion, so stone, sundries etc. all can be in the swing of sieve, by the filtering of two sieves, then by certainly The bottom of sieve nest 5 is fallen on by falling bodies, can finally fall on 13 the inside of the first sliding groove 12 for being mounted on two sieve right ends and second sliding slot And eject, bits miscellaneous for some of which, it has the blower 11 being mounted on the right side of coarse cereals cleaner on bracket 10 and passes through negative pressure Absorption comes out, and then miscellaneous bits can be discharged out of sliding slot 21 that connect with blower.To keep machine movement more convenient, in rack 1 Bottom is equipped with pulley 14, and only the promotion machine of need gently can inherently move the machine to the position of work, is reduced with this The output of labour.
The left upper end of rack 1 is provided with hopper 8, toward hopper 8 on when toppling over coarse cereals, impact force can be generated to hopper 8, be rushed The influence hopper 8 for hitting power can deform, and to avoid such case, the left end two sides of hopper 8 have been provided with support and have made Connecting rod 9 reinforces hopper 8.Coarse cereals are dropped on sieve by the hopper port 20 of 8 right end of hopper, so hopper port 20 begins In the range of moving reciprocatingly eventually in upper screen cloth 6, to guarantee that coarse cereals are entirely fallen on sieve, the waste of grain is avoided.Material Bucket 8 is a certain included angle setting with sieve nest 5, accelerates the gliding speed of coarse cereals, speed is excessively slow before falling into sieve to avoid coarse cereals Hopper port 20 is blocked, and the case where coarse cereals spilling occurs.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5, Fig. 6, sieve in violent reciprocating motion, the coarse cereals on wire side in the case where stress, Inevitable is not in that coarse cereals the phenomenon that splashing, in upper screen cloth 6 splash away in screening process, can fall on area greater than upper sieve In the lower screen cloth 7 of net 6, to guarantee that coarse cereals can be cleaned, whole effect is cleaned to not interfere with.The table of upper screen cloth 6 It is provided with circular through hole 16 on face, square through hole 17 is provided on the surface of lower screen cloth 7, the size of circular through hole is greater than square through hole Size, be conducive in this way the sundries in coarse cereals and irregular particle preferably pass through during screening and under fall on lower sieve It is online to carry out postsearch screening.
It is the utility model sound construction, easy to use, it is especially prominent especially in terms of cleaning effect, have real well The property used.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the utility model only, is not intended to limit the utility model, all at this Within the spirit and principle of utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on should be included in the utility model Protection scope in.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of coarse cereals cleaner, it is characterised in that: including rack, motor, eccentric wheel mechanism, V-type band, sieve nest, the motor It is fixed on the lower-left end of the rack, the eccentric wheel mechanism is in the upper left side position of the motor and is fixed on the rack On, it being driven between the motor and the eccentric wheel mechanism by the V-type band connection, the eccentric wheel mechanism includes rocking bar, The rocking bar is arranged with oscillating bearing on one end far from the eccentric wheel mechanism, the rocking bar passes through the oscillating bearing and institute The left end connection of sieve nest is stated, to realize that the sieve nest does motion of space curve under the rotation of the eccentric wheel mechanism;
The surrounding of the sieve nest forms an accommodating chamber, is equipped with upper screen cloth and lower screen cloth, the upper screen cloth in the accommodating chamber Motion of space curve is done simultaneously with the lower screen cloth, and the right end of the upper screen cloth and the lower screen cloth is separately provided for being discharged The first sliding groove and second sliding slot of sundries.
2. a kind of coarse cereals cleaner as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: be fixed with material at the top of the left end of the rack Bucket, is respectively set the connection for being connected with and playing a supportive role between the left end two sides of the hopper and the left end two sides of the rack Bar, the right end of the hopper are provided with hopper port, and the position of the hopper port is in always does space curve in the upper screen cloth In the range of movement, there are angles between the hopper and the sieve nest.
3. a kind of coarse cereals cleaner as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the right end adjacent of the rack is provided with branch Frame is equipped with the blower for drawing sundries at the top of the bracket, and the blower connect with the sieve nest and communicates, under the blower End is equipped with third sliding slot, and the third sliding slot is connect with the blower to be communicated.
4. a kind of coarse cereals cleaner as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: be provided on the surface of the upper screen cloth multiple big Small identical circular through hole is provided with the identical square through hole of multiple sizes on the surface of the lower screen cloth, the circular through hole Size is greater than the size of the square through hole, is in 6 ° of angles between the upper screen cloth entirety and ground, the lower screen cloth it is whole with It is in 10 ° of angles between ground.
5. a kind of coarse cereals cleaner as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the area of the lower screen cloth is greater than the upper sieve The area of net.
6. a kind of coarse cereals cleaner as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: there are four opposite for the bottom installation of the rack The pulley of title.
CN201821840981.0U 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 A kind of coarse cereals cleaner Expired - Fee Related CN209061613U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821840981.0U CN209061613U (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 A kind of coarse cereals cleaner

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201821840981.0U CN209061613U (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 A kind of coarse cereals cleaner

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN209061613U true CN209061613U (en) 2019-07-05

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CN201821840981.0U Expired - Fee Related CN209061613U (en) 2018-11-08 2018-11-08 A kind of coarse cereals cleaner

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110802024A (en) * 2019-11-16 2020-02-18 湖南浩茗茶业食品有限公司 Tea leaf grading winnowing machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110802024A (en) * 2019-11-16 2020-02-18 湖南浩茗茶业食品有限公司 Tea leaf grading winnowing machine

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20190705

Termination date: 20191108

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee