CN208986866U - A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit - Google Patents

A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208986866U
CN208986866U CN201821585905.XU CN201821585905U CN208986866U CN 208986866 U CN208986866 U CN 208986866U CN 201821585905 U CN201821585905 U CN 201821585905U CN 208986866 U CN208986866 U CN 208986866U
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China
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wind
power supply
cabinet
electric
supply unit
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CN201821585905.XU
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Inventor
梁晓玲
姜萍
刘燕
任智浩
陆玉宝
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HEHAI UNIVERSITY WENTIAN COLLEGE
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HEHAI UNIVERSITY WENTIAN COLLEGE
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/72Wind turbines with rotation axis in wind direction
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/728Onshore wind turbines
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/70Wind energy
    • Y02E10/76Power conversion electric or electronic aspects
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E70/00Other energy conversion or management systems reducing GHG emissions
    • Y02E70/30Systems combining energy storage with energy generation of non-fossil origin

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply units, belong to power supply device technical field.Including solar panels, wind power generation plant, electric-control system and cabinet, top of the box is connected with movable plate, and wind power generation plant is arranged on movable plate;Solar panels are movably connected in top of the box;Mutually matched interlocking structure is provided on wind power generation plant and solar panels;The bottom of cabinet is arranged in electric-control system;It is provided with direct current USB interface, exchange USB interface, display screen, battery switch and power supply indicator on cabinet, is electrically connected with electric-control system;Interlocking structure includes buckle and card slot, and buckle and card slot are separately fixed on solar panels and extension type pylon;The bottom of box is connected with base support;It is equipped with equipment in the middle part of cabinet and places layer, equipment places layer sealing and detachable.The utility model can utilize wind energy, solar energy complemental power-generation, solve the problems, such as that traditional emergency power supply energy source is single, energy conservation and environmental protection;It is portable, practical.

Description

A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit
Technical field
The utility model belongs to power supply device technical field, specifically a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit.
Background technique
With the rapid development of the national economy, demand and degree of dependence of the people to electric power are higher and higher, it is especially necessary Outdoors in the case where long-term work, computer, mobile phone, the equipment such as signal projector, lighting lamp, once interruption of power supply, often It will lead to consequence very serious.Currently, domestic field emergency power supply mainly has fire-fighting emergency power supply (EPS) or uninterrupted emergency Power supply (UPS), independently of the several types such as the diesel oil or gasoline engine generator of normal power source, wind-driven generator.But it is actually using But there are problems in the process: being the online EPS or UPS relied on alternating current, covered when field promptly uses by electricity network It covers and limits to, when power grid is powered off or is abnormal suddenly, the electric energy of self-contained battery is not able to satisfy supply of long duration computer system Requirement;Diesel oil or gasoline engine generator are used as emergency power supply, its own volume is excessive, can be by when being unfavorable for carrying, while using To the limitation of the energy reserves amounts such as diesel oil, gasoline;Traditional wind is more demanding to wind energy as emergency power supply, when use It is affected by natural causes such as region, wind-force, wind directions, equipment is heavy, carries difficult.
Through retrieving, Chinese invention patent, application number: 2014106494541, data of publication of application: on February 04th, 2015, public It has opened a kind of based on the wind and optical energy integrated portable power generation equipment of telescoping shoring column, including solar panel, wind-driven generator, charge and discharge Electric controller, battery group, telescoping shoring column and cabinet, the solar panel, wind-driven generator, battery group are equal It is electrically connected with the charging-discharging controller, the solar panel, wind-driven generator pass through telescoping shoring column and cabinet Connection, the charging-discharging controller, storage battery are set in cabinet, and draw connecting terminal, convenient for connecting with power load Connect use.The invention can be generated electricity using solar energy and wind energy resources, but solar panel in the invention, wind-driven generator, can Telescope support and cabinet are needed separated and are carried, and there is a problem of inconvenient to carry.
Utility model content
Utility model technical problems to be solved
For the problem inconvenient to carry of emergency power plant in the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of portable Complementary type emergency power supply unit can utilize wind energy, solar energy complemental power-generation, it is single to solve traditional emergency power supply energy source The problem of, energy conservation and environmental protection, while there is whole portability to design, it is easy to carry, it is convenient and practical.
Technical solution
To solve the above problems, technical solution provided by the utility model are as follows:
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit, including solar panels, wind power generation plant, electric-control system and case Body;The top of the box is connected with movable plate, and the movable plate can be spun upside down around junction, the wind power generation plant setting It can be on the movable plate, between wind power generation plant and movable plate and be detachably fixed connection, be also possible to non-dismountable It is fixedly connected;The solar panels are movably connected in the top of the box, and the solar panels can be spun upside down around junction;Institute It states and is provided with mutually matched interlocking structure on wind power generation plant and the solar panels, for by wind power generation plant and too Positive energy plate is interconnected and fixed;The bottom of the cabinet is arranged in the electric-control system;Direct current USB is provided on the cabinet to connect Mouthful, for exporting direct current to electrical equipment, the direct current USB interface runs through and is inlaid on the outer wall of the cabinet, described Solar panels, wind power generation plant, direct current USB interface are electrically connected with the electric-control system, described in the electric control system controls Solar panels and wind power generation plant power generation, then electric energy is exported to electrical equipment by direct current USB interface.
Further, the wind power generation plant include extension type pylon, stepper motor, wind-driven generator, wheel hub and Several blades;Extension type pylon lower end is detachably connected with the movable plate, and upper end and the stepper motor are detachable Connection;The wind-driven generator is detachably connected on the output shaft of the stepper motor, and the wheel hub is detachably connected on institute It states on the output shaft of wind-driven generator, the blade is threadedly coupled with the wheel hub;The stepper motor and the wind-power electricity generation Machine is electrically connected with the electric-control system;The stepper motor is used to adjust the Windward angle of the blade.The wind-power electricity generation Device utilizes wind power generation, and is conveyed to the electric-control system, then exports electric energy to electrical equipment by direct current USB interface.
Further, the wind power generation plant further includes wind speed wind direction sensor, and the wind speed wind direction sensor is removable Unload and be connected on the movable plate, and be electrically connected with the electric-control system, the wind speed wind direction sensor for acquire wind speed and Wind direction parameter, and be converted into electric signal and be conveyed to the electric-control system.
Further, the electric-control system includes battery module, central processing unit, rectifier and control module;It is described Central processing unit is electric with the stepper motor, wind-driven generator, wind speed wind direction sensor, battery module, control module respectively Connection;The solar panels are electrically connected with the control module;The wind-driven generator is electrically connected with the rectifier;It is described whole Stream device and the control module are electrically connected with the battery module, the friendship that the rectifier issues the wind-driven generator Galvanic electricity is changed into direct current and is conveyed to the battery module;The battery module is electrically connected with the direct current USB interface.
Further, the electric-control system further includes voltage-stablizer, the rectifier and the control module with it is described steady Depressor electrical connection, the voltage-stablizer be electrically connected with the battery module, the voltage-stablizer be used to stablize the solar panels with Wind power generation plant exports the voltage of electric energy, protects the battery module.
Further, the electric-control system further includes inverter;Exchange USB interface is additionally provided on the cabinet, it is described Exchange USB interface runs through and is inlaid on the outer wall of the cabinet;The battery module, inverter, exchange USB interface are successively The direct current of electrical connection, the battery module output is converted into alternating current by the inverter, then passes through the exchange USB Interface is conveyed to AC electric equipment.
Further, display screen, battery switch and power supply indicator are additionally provided on the cabinet;The display screen and The power supply indicator is electrically connected with the central processing unit;The battery switch is electrically connected with the battery module. The display screen is for parameters such as real-time display wind speed, wind direction and accumulator electric-quantities, and the battery switch is for controlling institute Battery module work is stated, the power supply indicator includes red indicating light and green indicator light, when accumulator electric-quantity is lower than When 20%, red indicating light is bright, and after accumulator electric-quantity is full of, the red indicating light in the power supply indicator goes out, while green Color indicator light is bright.
Further, the interlocking structure includes buckle and card slot, and the buckle and the card slot are separately fixed at described On solar panels and the extension type pylon.
Further, the bottom of box is connected with base support, and the base support is to be distributed in the cabinet Multiple retractable support levers of bottom, can be lifted the terrain clearance of the present apparatus, preferably to receive wind energy and solar energy, mention High generation efficiency.
Further, it is equipped with equipment in the middle part of the cabinet and places layer, the equipment places layer sealing and detachable.It does not generate electricity When, the blade is removed, the equipment is placed on and places layer, the rest part of the wind power generation plant is not dismantled, but It is directly taken in the cabinet by overturning movable plate, and falls in the equipment and place on layer, group when setting is easy to use in this way Dress, it is more convenient and practical.The equipment places layer and is configured as a sealing structure the electricity that can protect on the bottom of the cabinet Control system avoids it from damaging because of external factor such as dampness;It, can will be described when the component damage on the electric-control system Equipment is placed layer and is removed, and is replaced, easy to repair.
Beneficial effect
Using technical solution provided by the utility model, compared with prior art, have the following beneficial effects:
(1) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, can be mutual using wind energy, solar energy Electricity is reissued, emergency power supply electric energy production mode is increased, solves the single limitation of traditional emergency power supply energy source, and save It can environmental protection;
(2) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, small in size, can integrally take down the exhibits knot Structure, it is easy to carry, it is convenient and practical;
(3) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, wind power generation plant is scalable, can Disassembly, is received into cabinet, easy to carry;
(4) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, by extending extension type pylon, The wind-engaging height that blade can be raised, preferably receives wind energy;It is driven by stepper motor, wind-driven generator may be implemented around can Telescopic pylon axis rotation, facilitates and adjusts blade Windward angle, to realize reception to greatest extent and conversion wind energy, improves hair Electricity;
(5) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, is provided with wind speed wind direction sensor, Wind speed and direction parameter can be acquired, then sends electric-control system in electrical signal form, then by electric control system controls stepping electricity Machine and wind-driven generator start or stop work, to play the role of protecting wind power generation plant;
(6) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, can be realized by electric-control system Wind, light complemental power-generation, while having the function of self-lock protection, it is more durable;
(7) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, rectifier and control module with It is provided with voltage-stablizer between battery module, the input voltage of battery module can be stablized, protects battery module, raising makes Use the service life;
(8) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model is provided with exchange USB interface and straight USB interface is flowed, alternating current can be exported, can also export direct current, applicability is wider;
(9) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model is provided with display screen, energy on cabinet Enough monitor the parameters such as wind speed, wind direction, electricity in real time;
(10) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model is provided with power supply instruction on cabinet Lamp can play electricity prompting function;
(11) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, the bottom of box are provided with pedestal branch Frame can be lifted the terrain clearance of the present apparatus, preferably to receive wind energy and solar energy, improve generating efficiency;
(12) a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit provided by the utility model, cabinet middle part are equipped with equipment and place Layer, can separate electric-control system and other devices, it is avoided to damage because of external factor such as dampness.
Detailed description of the invention
Structural schematic diagram when Fig. 1, utility model works state;
Structural schematic diagram when Fig. 2, the utility model off working state;
Fig. 3, equipment place layer equipment arrangement schematic diagram;
Fig. 4, controller architecture schematic diagram;
Fig. 5, rack arrangement schematic diagram;
The partial enlarged view of location A in Fig. 6, Fig. 1;
Fig. 7, the utility model control control system schematic diagram.
In attached drawing: 1, solar panels;2, wind power generation plant;3, cabinet;4, movable plate;5, electric-control system;6, display screen; 7, wind speed wind direction sensor;8, base support;9, battery switch;10, power supply indicator;11, direct current USB interface;12, it exchanges USB interface;21, extension type pylon;22, adjusting knob;23, stepper motor;24, wind-driven generator;25, wheel hub;26, leaf Piece;31, equipment places layer;32, bottom;51, voltage-stablizer;52, battery module;53, central processing unit;54, inverter;55, Control module;56, rectifier;100, it buckles;200, card slot.
Specific embodiment
For the content for further appreciating that the utility model, the utility model is described in detail in conjunction with accompanying drawings and embodiments.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit, including solar panels 1, wind power generation plant 2, Electric-control system 5 and cabinet 3;Movable plate 4 is connected at the top of the cabinet 3, movable plate 4 can be spun upside down around junction, the wind Power generation device 2 is arranged on movable plate 4, can be between wind power generation plant 2 and movable plate 4 and is detachably fixed connection, It can be non-dismountable be fixedly connected;The solar panels 1 are movably connected in 3 top of cabinet, and solar panels 1 can be around connection Place is spun upside down;It is provided with mutually matched interlocking structure on the wind power generation plant 2 and the solar panels 1, in hair When electricity condition, wind power generation plant 2 and solar panels 1 are interconnected and fixed by interlocking structure, are reached and are mutually supported, is stable Purpose, the interlocking structure are mutually matched buckle and card slot, or the magnet mutually adsorbed etc.;The electric-control system 5 is set Set the bottom 32 in the cabinet 3;It is provided with direct current usb 11 on the cabinet 3, for exporting direct current to electrical equipment Electricity, the direct current usb 11 run through and are inlaid on the outer wall of the cabinet 3;The solar panels 1, wind power generation plant 2, direct current usb 11 is electrically connected with the electric-control system 5, controls the solar panels 1 and institute by the electric-control system 5 The power generation of wind power generation plant 2 is stated, then electric energy is exported to electrical equipment by direct current usb 11.
In the present embodiment, the cabinet 3 is rectangular, and the opening-like state in top, the movable plate 4 are hinged on the top of cabinet 3 Portion side, the solar panels 1 are hinged on the 3 top other side of cabinet, and the wind power generation plant 2 is bolted on activity On plate 4, the electric-control system 5 is screwed the bottom 32 in cabinet 3, and the direct current usb 11 is electrically connected with electric-control system 5 It connects;The covering suitable for reading of cabinet 3 can just be served as case lid, play guard box by the solar panels 1 when being fastened on 3 top of cabinet The effect of 3 internal unit of body.
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, when not generating electricity, as shown in Fig. 2, the movable plate 4 It in overturning to cabinet 3 and is tightly attached on the inner wall of cabinet 3, the wind power generation plant 2 is overturn with movable plate 4 to case at this time In body 3, it is suitable for reading that the solar panels 1 are fastened on cabinet 3, serves as case lid;When being generated electricity, as shown in Figure 1, by solar energy Plate 1 opens, while by the overturning of movable plate 4 to horizontal position, solar panels 1 and wind power generation plant 2 are passed through interlocking structure phase Connect fixation, so that solar panels 1 and movable plate 4 are in stable state, solar panels 1 are in 45 ° of heeling conditions, wind-force at this time Power generator 2 is in upright state.
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment can be realized wind energy, light energy complementary power generation, increase Emergency power supply electric energy production mode, solves the single limitation of traditional emergency power supply energy source, and energy conservation and environmental protection;Volume It is small, integrally can held-together/spread-out structure, it is easy to carry;Solar panels 1 are in 45 ° of heeling conditions after expansion, can utmostly receive the sun Illumination improves generated energy.
Embodiment 2
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure are different and improvement with embodiment 1 Be in, as shown in Figure 1, the wind power generation plant 2 include extension type pylon 21, stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24, Wheel hub 25 and several blades 26;21 lower end of extension type pylon is detachably connected with the movable plate 4, upper end and the step It is detachably connected into motor 23,23 output shaft of stepper motor is arranged upward vertically;The wind-driven generator 24 is detachably connected on On the output shaft of stepper motor 23,24 output shaft of wind-driven generator is horizontally disposed, and the wheel hub 25 is detachably connected on wind-force hair On the output shaft of motor 24, the blade 26 is threadedly coupled with the wheel hub 25;The stepper motor 23 and the wind-power electricity generation Machine 24 is electrically connected with the electric-control system 5, controls stepper motor 23 by electric-control system 5 and wind-driven generator 24 starts and stops It only works, and stores electric energy.It is provided with adjusting knob 22 on the extension type pylon 21, using adjusting knob 22 after elongation Locking avoids 21 contraction of extension type pylon when power generation that wind power generation plant 2 is caused to damage.
In the present embodiment, 21 lower end of extension type pylon is fixedly connected with movable plate 4 by screw, upper end and stepper motor 23 are bolted to connection;Wind-driven generator 24 is bolted on the output shaft of stepper motor 23, and wheel hub 25 passes through Bolt is fixed on the output shaft of wind-driven generator 24, and blade 26 is threadedly coupled with wheel hub 25, removable to unload down simultaneously when not generating electricity It is placed in the cabinet 3, the quantity of blade 26 is three pieces.
The interlocking structure includes buckle 100 and card slot 200, and buckle 100 and card slot 200 are separately fixed at the solar energy On plate 1 and the extension type pylon 21, it can be buckle 100 and be fixed on solar panels 1, card slot 200 is fixed on scalable On formula pylon 21, or buckle 100 is fixed on extension type pylon 21, and card slot 200 is fixed on solar panels 1;This implementation In example, as shown in fig. 6, buckle 100 is fixed on solar panels 1, card slot 200 is fixed on extension type pylon 21, the card Button 100 and the card slot 200 are mutual card structure;As shown in Figure 1, when portable complementary type emergency power supply unit is in generating state When, buckle 100 and card slot 200 fasten, by the interconnection of solar panels 1 and extension type pylon 21 and support;In addition, this reality It applies in example, the outermost layer outer wall upper end of extension type pylon 21 is arranged in card slot 200, and 100 setting of buckle is located in solar panels 1 In the active edges of 4 side of movable plate, the two face setting, convenient for fastening.
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, the wind power generation plant 2 are scalable, removable It unloads, is received into the cabinet 3, it is easy to carry;By extending the extension type pylon 21, the blade 26 can be raised Wind-engaging height, preferably receives wind energy;It is driven by the stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24 may be implemented and stretched around described The rotation of 21 axis of contracting formula pylon, facilitates and adjusts 26 Windward angle of blade, to realize reception to greatest extent and conversion wind energy, improves Generated energy.
Embodiment 3
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure are different and change with embodiment 1 or 2 It is into place, as shown in Figure 1, 2, the wind power generation plant 2 further includes wind speed wind direction sensor 7, and the wind speed and direction passes Sensor 7 is detachably connected on the movable plate 4, and is electrically connected with the electric-control system 5, and wind speed and direction senses in the present embodiment Device 7 is fixedly connected with movable plate 4 by screw;When power generation, movable plate 4 need to be overturn to horizontality, wind speed and direction passes at this time The state in a vertical shape of sensor 7.
Wind speed and direction is incuded by wind speed wind direction sensor 7, then sends electric-control system 5 in electrical signal form, then 24 signal of the stepper motor 23 and the wind-driven generator is given by electric-control system 5, controls stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 start or stop work, to play the role of protecting wind power generation plant 2.
Embodiment 4
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure is any with embodiment 1 to 3, different With the improvement is that, as shown in figure 4, the electric-control system 5 include battery module 52, central processing unit 53, rectifier 56, With control module 55;The central processing unit 53 respectively with the stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24, wind speed wind direction sensor 7, battery module 52, control module 55 are electrically connected;The solar panels 1 are electrically connected with the control module 55;The wind-force Generator 24 is electrically connected with the rectifier 56;The rectifier 56 and the control module 55 with the battery module 52 The alternating current that the wind-driven generator 24 issues is changed into direct current and is conveyed to the battery by electrical connection, the rectifier 56 Module 52;The battery module 52 is electrically connected with the direct current usb 11.
As shown in fig. 7, battery module 52 sends charge requirement letter to central processing unit 53 when battery needs to charge Number, then central processing unit 53 sends power generation command signal to control module 55, is controlled by control module 55, by solar panels 1 electrical energy transportation exported gives the battery module 52, to charge the battery;Meanwhile central processing unit 53 is passed to wind speed and direction Sensor 7 sends start-up operation signal, and controlled wind speed wind transducer 7 starts, and acquires wind direction, air speed data respectively, and be converted into Electric signal feeds back to central processing unit 53, and central processing unit 53 converts corresponding electric signal order for the data information of acquisition and sends To stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24;When wind speed is in the range of 1~4m/s, central processing unit 53 gives stepper motor 23 Start-up operation signal is sent with wind-driven generator 24, stepper motor 23 is controlled and wind-driven generator 24 is started to work, and control step It is rotated into motor 23, blade 26 is made to be in best Windward angle;When wind speed is greater than 4m/s and continues 3s, central processing unit 53 is given Stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 send silence signal, control stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 stops work Make, to protect the safety of wind power generation plant 2;When wind speed is less than 1m/s and continues 3s, central processing unit 53 gives stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 send silence signal, control stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 and stop working;It needs Bright, when wind speed is less than 1m/s, 2 generated energy of wind power generation plant can not compensate the electric energy of itself consumption, stop at this time Wind-power electricity generation can effectively save the electric energy in battery, increase cruising ability.After battery is fully charged, battery module 52, which send electricity to central processing unit 53, has been filled with signal, and then central processing unit 53 sends the letter that stops working to control module 55 Number, it is controlled by control module 55, solar panels 1 stop conveying electric energy to battery module 52, prevent accumulator super-charge;Together When, central processing unit 53 sends silence signal, control to stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24, wind speed wind direction sensor 7 Stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24, wind speed wind direction sensor 7 stop working.The battery module 52 can be by described Direct current usb 11 exports direct current to external electric equipment.
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, can be realized wind, light by the electric-control system 5 Complemental power-generation, while having the function of self-lock protection, overload or the damage of other reasons are avoided, it is more durable.
Embodiment 5
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure are different and improvement with embodiment 4 It is in as shown in Fig. 4,7, the electric-control system 5 further includes voltage-stablizer 51, and the rectifier 56 and the control module 55 are equal It is electrically connected with the voltage-stablizer 51, the voltage-stablizer 51 is electrically connected with the battery module 52.Due to wind-power electricity generation and the sun Can power generation output voltage it is unstable, directly feed battery and be easy to cause battery damage, rectifier 56, control module 55 with Voltage-stablizer 51 is set between battery module 52, it can be by the output voltage stabilization of wind-power electricity generation and solar power generation in acceptable model In enclosing, to play the purpose of protection battery module 52, the service life of battery is improved.
Embodiment 6
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure are different and change with embodiment 4 or 5 It is into place, as shown in figure 4, the electric-control system 5 further includes inverter 54;Exchange USB is additionally provided on the cabinet 3 to connect Mouth 12, the exchange usb 12 runs through and is inlaid on the outer wall of the cabinet 3;The battery module 52, inverter 54, exchange usb 12 is sequentially connected electrically;As shown in fig. 7, the direct current that battery module 52 exports is converted by inverter 54 For alternating current, then AC electric equipment is conveyed to by the exchange usb 12.
Embodiment 7
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure with embodiment 4 or 5 or 6, it is different and It thes improvement is that, as shown in Figure 2,4, display screen 6, battery switch 9 and power supply indicator is additionally provided on the cabinet 3 10, the power supply indicator 10 includes red indicating light and green indicator light;The display screen 6 and the power supply indicator 10 are equal It is electrically connected with the central processing unit 53;The battery switch 9 is electrically connected with the battery module 52.
As shown in fig. 7, the wind speed and direction parameter that wind speed wind direction sensor 7 acquires passes through central processing unit 53 when power generation After processing on display screen 6 real-time display, while the real time electrical quantity of battery module 52 also through central processing unit 53 processing after show Show on display screen 6, convenient for parameters such as the wind speed of observation detection in real time, wind direction and accumulator electric-quantities;Battery switch 9 is opened Afterwards, battery module 52 can export electric energy by USB interface outward, when accumulator electric-quantity is lower than 20%, battery module 52 send charge requirement signal to central processing unit 53, and central processing unit 53 controls the red indicating light in power supply indicator 10 It is bright, to remind user's accumulator electric-quantity insufficient, need to generate electricity, while entering generating state, after accumulator electric-quantity is full of, Red indicating light in power supply indicator 10 goes out, while green indicator light is bright, to remind user that accumulator electric-quantity fills with; When solar panels 1 and wind power generation plant 2 are packed up, and power generation is stopped, red indicating light and green indicator light go out.
Embodiment 8
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure is any with embodiment 1 to 7, different With the improvement is that, as shown in Figure 1,5,3 bottom of cabinet is connected with base support 8, and the base support 8 is point Cloth adjusts height, the scalable branch using retractable support lever in multiple retractable support levers of 3 bottom of cabinet The quantity of strut can be three or more;Retractable support lever and 3 bottom of cabinet are hinged in the present embodiment, as shown in figure 5, Base support 8 includes four retractable support levers, can fold pack up when not used, be convenient for carrying.
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, by the way that base support 8 is arranged in 3 bottom of cabinet, It can be lifted the terrain clearance of the present apparatus, preferably to receive wind energy and solar energy, improve generating efficiency.
Embodiment 9
A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, basic structure is any with embodiment 1 to 8, different With the improvement is that, be equipped with equipment as shown in Figures 1 to 3, in the middle part of the cabinet 3 and place layer 31, it is close that the equipment places layer 31 It seals and detachable;When not generating electricity, the blade 26 is removed, the equipment is placed on and places layer 31, the wind power generation plant 2 Rest part do not dismantle, but directly by overturning movable plate 4 take in cabinet 3 in, and fall in equipment place layer 31 on, in this way Setting assembles when being easy to use, more convenient and practical.Equipment placement layer 31, which is configured as a sealing structure, can protect positioned at the case Electric-control system 5 on the bottom 32 of body 3 avoids it from damaging because of external factor such as dampness;First device on the electric-control system 5 When part damages, the equipment can be placed into layer 31 and removed, be replaced, it is easy to repair.
Embodiment 10
A kind of electricity-generating method of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit during Application Example 1 to 9 is any, step are as follows:
Step 1: portable complementary type emergency power supply unit is unfolded:
A, take portable complementary type emergency power supply unit, be placed on the sunny side, aerated area, strut the pedestal of 3 bottom of cabinet Bracket 8, which is stablized, to be placed;
B, the solar panels 1 of 3 top side of cabinet are opened, while opening the work that the other side is equipped with wind power generation plant 2 Movable plate 4, and the buckle 100 on solar panels 1 is caught in the card slot 200 on the extension type pylon 21 on wind power generation plant 2 It is interior;
C, portable complementary type emergency power supply unit placement angle is adjusted, solar panels 1 are adjusted to day side;
D, adjustment stretching, extension extension type pylon 21, and blade 26 is mounted on the wheel hub 25 at the top of extension type pylon 21 On;
Step 2: power generation process:
A, battery switch 9 is opened, the red power supply indicator 10 on cabinet 3 is bright, and central processing unit 53, which obtains power generation, to be needed Signal is sought, control solar panels 1, which are started to work, to generate electricity;
Specifically, the red power supply indicator 10 on cabinet 3 is bright, battery module 52 when accumulator electric-quantity is lower than 20% Charge requirement signal is sent to central processing unit 53, central processing unit 53 sends power generation command signal to control module 55 again, leads to The control of control module 55 is crossed, the electrical energy transportation that solar panels 1 are exported is to battery module 52, to charge the battery;
B, central processing unit 53 sends start-up operation signal to wind speed wind direction sensor 7, and controlled wind speed wind transducer 7 opens It is dynamic, wind direction, air speed data are acquired respectively, and be converted into electric signal and feed back to central processing unit 53, central processing unit 53 will acquire Data information be converted into corresponding electric signal order and be sent to stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24;
Ambient wind velocity is 1~4m/s: central processing unit 53 sends to stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 and starts to work Signal, controls stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 is started to work, the starting power generation of wind power generation plant 2, and 23 turns of stepper motor It is dynamic, so that blade 26 is in best Windward angle;
Ambient wind velocity is less than 1m/s or is greater than 4m/s and lasting 3s: central processing unit 53 is to stepper motor 23 and wind-power electricity generation Machine 24 sends silence signal, controls stepper motor 23 and wind-driven generator 24 stops working, stop power generation;
It should be understood that being easy to cause wind power generation plant 2 to damage when ambient wind velocity is greater than 4m/s, stopping wind-force at this time Power generation, can protect the safety of wind power generation plant 2;When wind speed is less than 1m/s, 2 generated energy of wind power generation plant can not be mended The electric energy for repaying itself consumption, stops wind-power electricity generation at this time, can effectively save the electric energy in battery, increases cruising ability;
C, the green power supply indicator light 10 on cabinet 3 is bright, battery charging complete, solar panels 1 and wind power generation plant 2 It stops working;
Specifically, when battery is fully charged, during the green power supply indicator light 10 on cabinet 3 is bright, and battery module 52 is given Central processor 53 sends electricity and is full of signal, and then central processing unit 53 is sent to control module 55 stops power generation command signal, It is controlled by control module 55, solar panels 1 stop conveying electric energy to battery module 52, prevent accumulator super-charge;Centre It manages device 53 and sends silence signal to stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24, wind speed wind direction sensor 7, control stepper motor 23, wind-driven generator 24, wind speed wind direction sensor 7 stop working;
Step 3: closing battery switch 9, stop power generation;
Step 4: packing up portable complementary type emergency power supply unit:
A, lower blade 26 is dismantled, extension type pylon 21 is shunk back into initial state;
B, solar panels 1 are overturn, are detached from buckle 100 with card slot 200;
C, movable plate 4 is overturn to cabinet 3,2 level of wind power generation plant lies in the equipment in cabinet 3 and places layer 31 On, while blade 26 is placed on equipment and is placed on layer 31;
D, the overturning of solar panels 1 is fastened on 3 top of cabinet;
E, 3 bottom base bracket 8 of cabinet is packed up.
A kind of electricity-generating method of the portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of the present embodiment, it is complementary using wind energy, solar energy Power generation, solves the single limitation of traditional emergency power supply energy source, and energy conservation and environmental protection;Portable complementary type emergency power supply dress Set using integral type can held-together/spread-out structure, it is easy to carry and use, be able to solve the problem of field environment can not charge;Wind-power electricity generation It is provided with self-lock protection function when excessive wind speed or too small state, it is highly-safe.
Schematically the utility model and embodiments thereof are described above, description is not limiting, attached drawing Shown in be also one of the embodiments of the present invention, actual structure is not limited to this.So if this field Those of ordinary skill enlightened by it, without deviating from the purpose of the present invention, not inventively design Frame mode similar with the technical solution and embodiment, all should belong to the protection range of the utility model.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit, including solar panels (1), wind power generation plant (2), electric-control system (5) and cabinet (3), it is characterised in that: be connected with movable plate (4) at the top of the cabinet (3), the wind power generation plant (2) sets It sets on the movable plate (4);The solar panels (1) are movably connected at the top of the cabinet (3);The wind power generation plant (2) and on the solar panels (1) it is provided with mutually matched interlocking structure;The electric-control system (5) is arranged in the cabinet (3) bottom (32);Direct current USB interface (11) are provided on the cabinet (3);The solar panels (1), wind power generation plant (2), direct current USB interface (11) is electrically connected with the electric-control system (5).
2. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the wind-power electricity generation Device (2) includes extension type pylon (21), stepper motor (23), wind-driven generator (24), wheel hub (25) and several blades (26);Extension type pylon (21) lower end is detachably connected with the movable plate (4), upper end and the stepper motor (23) It is detachably connected;The wind-driven generator (24) is detachably connected on the output shaft of the stepper motor (23), the wheel hub (25) it is detachably connected on the output shaft of the wind-driven generator (24), the blade (26) and the wheel hub (25) screw thread connect It connects;The stepper motor (23) and the wind-driven generator (24) are electrically connected with the electric-control system (5).
3. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the wind-power electricity generation Device (2) further includes wind speed wind direction sensor (7), and the wind speed wind direction sensor (7) is detachably connected on the movable plate (4) On, and be electrically connected with the electric-control system (5).
4. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to claim 3, it is characterised in that: the electric-control system It (5) include battery module (52), central processing unit (53), rectifier (56) and control module (55);The central processing unit (53) respectively with the stepper motor (23), wind-driven generator (24), wind speed wind direction sensor (7), battery module (52), control Molding block (55) electrical connection;The solar panels (1) are electrically connected with the control module (55);The wind-driven generator (24) with Rectifier (56) electrical connection;The rectifier (56) and the control module (55) are electric with the battery module (52) Connection;The battery module (52) is electrically connected with the direct current USB interface (11).
5. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the electric-control system It (5) further include voltage-stablizer (51), the rectifier (56) and the control module (55) are electrically connected with the voltage-stablizer (51), The voltage-stablizer (51) is electrically connected with the battery module (52).
6. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the electric-control system It (5) further include inverter (54);It is additionally provided on the cabinet (3) and exchanges USB interface (12), the battery module (52), Inverter (54), exchange USB interface (12) are sequentially connected electrically.
7. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to claim 4, it is characterised in that: the cabinet (3) On be additionally provided with display screen (6), battery switch (9) and power supply indicator (10);The display screen (6) and the power supply instruction Lamp (10) is electrically connected with the central processing unit (53);The battery switch (9) is electrically connected with the battery module (52) It connects.
8. according to a kind of any portable complementary type emergency power supply unit of claim 2 to 7, it is characterised in that: described Interlocking structure includes buckle (100) and card slot (200), the buckle (100) and the card slot (200) be separately fixed at described in too On positive energy plate (1) and the extension type pylon (21).
9. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to any one of claims 1 to 7, it is characterised in that: described Cabinet (3) bottom is connected with base support (8).
10. a kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit according to any one of claims 1 to 7, it is characterised in that: described It is equipped with equipment in the middle part of cabinet (3) and places layer (31), the equipment places layer (31) sealing and detachable.
CN201821585905.XU 2018-09-28 2018-09-28 A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit Active CN208986866U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109194249A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-11 河海大学文天学院 A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit
CN110323997A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-11 顾庆为 A kind of wind energy, solar energy complementation new energy charging station
CN111441909A (en) * 2020-04-16 2020-07-24 驻马店职业技术学院 Wind power generation device capable of avoiding damage of strong wind
CN112065661A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-12-11 齐丹丹 Detachable camping simple windmill power generation equipment

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109194249A (en) * 2018-09-28 2019-01-11 河海大学文天学院 A kind of portable complementary type emergency power supply unit
CN110323997A (en) * 2019-07-08 2019-10-11 顾庆为 A kind of wind energy, solar energy complementation new energy charging station
CN111441909A (en) * 2020-04-16 2020-07-24 驻马店职业技术学院 Wind power generation device capable of avoiding damage of strong wind
CN112065661A (en) * 2020-08-19 2020-12-11 齐丹丹 Detachable camping simple windmill power generation equipment
CN112065661B (en) * 2020-08-19 2021-10-29 温州婉安新材料科技有限公司 Detachable camping simple windmill power generation equipment

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