CN208667633U - Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device - Google Patents

Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208667633U
CN208667633U CN201820886460.2U CN201820886460U CN208667633U CN 208667633 U CN208667633 U CN 208667633U CN 201820886460 U CN201820886460 U CN 201820886460U CN 208667633 U CN208667633 U CN 208667633U
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China
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microwave
energy
quenching
oil plant
heating box
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CN201820886460.2U
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Chinese (zh)
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李文林
黄凤洪
万楚筠
杨博
刘昌盛
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Oil Crops Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences
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Oil Crops Research Institute of Chinese Academy of Agriculture Sciences
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering devices, including bracket, left steering cabinet and right turn cabinet are fixed with multiple interconnected microwave heating box on bracket side by side, it is connected with left microwave suppressor on head end microwave heating box, right microwave suppressor is connected on tail end microwave heating box;Endless conveyor is connected between left steering cabinet and right turn cabinet, endless conveyor sequentially passes through left microwave suppressor, each microwave heating box and right microwave suppressor, and endless conveyor head end, which is connected with above feeding device and endless conveyor, is equipped with attemperator;Microwave heating box top is connected with exhaust pipe, and level-one hot wind pump is connected on exhaust pipe, and the hot-blast outlet of level-one hot wind pump is communicated with the endless conveyor in left microwave suppressor.The utility model increases attemperator, and then effectively increase microwave efficiency using hot wind pump and microwave combination, reduces microwave installed power and structure is simple, and performance is stablized, and obtains unexpected technical effect.

Description

Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device
Technical field
The utility model relates to microwave equipments, in particular to a kind of energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device.
Background technique
Microwave refers to electromagnetic wave of the mean wavelength between 0.1~1m, can generate electromagnetic field of high frequency, and microwave heating is wide General to be applied to food industry, microwave frequency used in food industry is mostly 2450MHz.Microwave heating technique and traditional heating side Formula is different, it is that high-frequency reciprocating moves under the action of electromagnetic field by heated object internal dipole molecule, generates " interior friction It is hot " and make to be heated temperature of charge raising, it is not necessary to any heat transfer process, material inside and outside portion can be made while heating while rising Temperature, heating speed are fast and uniform.
Studies at home and abroad show that microwave treatment oil plant, such as: vegetable seed, peanut, sesame, flax, tea seed are warming up to centainly After temperature, Maillard reaction can be promoted and generate good giving off a strong fragrance flavor, be conducive to amplifying cells asphalt channel, promote oil plant Middle micro-nutrient composition, such as: vitamin E, sterol ingredient dissolution, can be improved it is subsequent squeezing production grease in micronutrient at Point content, can also efficient passivation endogenous lipoxidase and myrosase etc., prevent the enzymatic of lipid oxidation, hydrolysis and sulphur glucoside Degradation, improves the shelf-life of grease.For rapeseed, microwave treatment can also promote anti-nutritional factors sinapine (acid) efficient It is converted into the polyphenol from rapeseed of high functional activity.
The microwave field density of present microwave dryer is lower, only 0.16~0.18w/cm3, and major function is that heating is dry It is dry, the moisture of material is removed, therefore be provided with blower and quickly remove moisture content, causes thermal loss big.However, for microwave equipment For Oil processing, main purpose be it is quenched, heating makes oil plant rapid aging, rather than be dehydrated, therefore, Oil processing Continuing to use existing microwave equipment structure has that low efficiency, energy consumption are high.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model seeks to provide a kind of energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device, and the device efficiency is high, Low energy consumption.
In order to achieve the above purposes, the technical solution adopted by the utility model is:, and a kind of energy-efficient oil plant microwave is quenched sets It is standby, including bracket, left steering cabinet and right turn cabinet, it is fixed with multiple interconnected microwave heating box side by side on the bracket, It is connected with left microwave suppressor on head end microwave heating box, right microwave suppressor is connected on tail end microwave heating box;The left steering It is connected with endless conveyor between cabinet and the right turn cabinet, the endless conveyor sequentially passes through the left microwave suppressor, each The microwave heating box and right microwave suppressor, the endless conveyor head end are connected with feeding device, and the endless conveyor Top is equipped with attemperator;The microwave heating box top is connected with exhaust pipe, and level-one hot wind pump is connected on the exhaust pipe, described The hot-blast outlet of level-one hot wind pump is communicated with the endless conveyor in the left microwave suppressor.
Further, the microwave heating box includes upper layer box body and lower layer box body, is provided with magnetron in upper layer box body Component, the semi-enclosed cabinet of tail two open ends, the exhaust pipe are connected on the lower layer box body headed by lower layer box body.
Further, the magnetron assembly includes the multiple magnetrons being arranged on the cabinet shell of upper layer, the magnetic control Pipe presses layout density size interval interlaced arrangement along the microwave heating box head end to tail end.
Further, the magnetron assembly includes the multiple magnetrons being arranged on the cabinet shell of upper layer, the microwave The magnetron arrangement density of heater box head end and tail end is greater than the layout density of middle part magnetron.
Further, the microwave field density of the microwave heating box is 0.19~0.25w/cm3
Further, be connected with second level hot wind pump on the exhaust pipe, the hot-blast outlet of second level hot wind pump with it is described micro- The connection of Wave heating bottom portion.
Further, the attemperator be insulation belt, one fixation of the insulation belt on the bracket, other end without Constraint, there are the gaps for placing material with the cyclic transfer interband for the insulation belt.
Further, equipped with monitoring on the lower layer box body.
Further, the connecting line between the exhaust pipe and level-one hot wind pump is equipped with hot blast control valve.
Compared with prior art, the invention has the following advantages that
First, the utility model be it is a kind of suitable for oil plant curing novel energy-conserving microwave equipment, use hot wind pump with Microwave combination, while increasing attemperator, and then effectively increase microwave efficiency, microwave installed power is reduced, and set Standby structure is simple, and performance is stablized, and obtains unexpected technical effect in terms of improving efficiency with energy conservation.
Second, microwave energy-feeding mouth is arranged according to best microwave energy-feeding mode in the microwave heating box of the utility model, realize complete Process high field intensity reduces the processing time and guarantees the uniformity of material microwave treatment.
Third, the utility model is pumped in endless apron front end setting hot wind, material is preheated, the effect of microwave is improved Rate.
Fourth, the air inlet that hot wind pumps in the utility model derives from the hot air discharge system of microwave, hot gas is recycled, further Whole energy consumption is reduced, and attemperator is set on circulation conveying band, reduces energy loss.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural schematic diagram of energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device.
Fig. 2 is the magnetron assembly arrangement states schematic diagram in Fig. 1 in microwave heating box.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, convenient for more clearly understanding that this is practical new Type, but they do not constitute the utility model and limit.
A kind of energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device as shown in Figure 1, including bracket 1, left steering cabinet 2 and right turn cabinet 3, automatic deviation rectifying device is had on the runner of left steering cabinet 2 and right turn cabinet 3, automatic deviation rectifying device uses Pneuamtic deviation rectifier, On bracket 1 multiple interconnected microwave heating box 4 are fixed with by bolt side by side, are connected on head end microwave heating box 4 left micro- Wave suppressor 5 is connected with right microwave suppressor 6 on tail end microwave heating box 4;It is connected between left steering cabinet 2 and the runner of right turn cabinet 3 The endless conveyor 7 of annular, endless conveyor 7 sequentially pass through left microwave suppressor 5, each microwave heating box 4 and the suppression of right microwave Device 6 processed, 7 head end of endless conveyor are connected with feeding device 8, and the feed hopper of feeding device 8 is bolted on left steering cabinet 2 On, the discharge port of feed hopper is located at right above endless conveyor 7, and attemperator 9, the heat preservation are equipped with above endless conveyor 7 Device 9 is insulation belt, insulation belt one equipped with shaft and being fixed on the bracket 1 of feed end, other end without constraint, insulation belt with There are the gaps for placing material between endless conveyor 7, keep the temperature bandwidth and are equal to or slightly less than 7 width of endless conveyor.It is micro- It is connected with exhaust pipe 10 at the top of Wave heating case 4, is connected with hot gas recovery system on exhaust pipe 10, in hot gas recovery system pipeline all the way With level-one hot wind pump 11, there are also outlet all the way, hot-blast outlet and the cyclic transfers in left microwave suppressor 5 of level-one hot wind pump 11 Band 7 communicates, and second level hot wind pump 13, the hot-blast outlet of second level hot wind pump 13 and 4 bottom of microwave heating box are also connected on exhaust pipe 10 Connection, the connecting line between exhaust pipe 10 and level-one hot wind pump 11 are equipped with hot blast control valve 15, which uses Drain valve.
In above scheme, microwave heating box 4 includes upper layer box body 4.1 and lower layer box body 4.2, is equipped on lower layer box body 4.2 Monitoring 14, monitoring 14 are circumscribed with display, and entire microwave equipment is controlled by control cabinet 16;Magnetic is provided in upper layer box body 4.1 Keyholed back plate component 12, lower layer box body 4.2 are the semi-enclosed cabinet of head and the tail two open ends, and exhaust pipe 10 is connected to lower layer box body 4.2 On, the exhaust outlet of exhaust pipe 10 is circumscribed with blower.Magnetron assembly 12 includes the multiple magnetic being arranged on 4.1 shell of layer box body Keyholed back plate 12.1, magnetron 12.1 is along 4 head end of microwave heating box to tail end by layout density size interval interlaced arrangement (such as Fig. 2 institute Show).Magnetron assembly 12 can also use another arrangement: the magnetron 12.1 of 4 head end of microwave heating box and tail end Layout density is greater than the layout density of middle part magnetron 12.1.The microwave field density of single microwave heating box 4 is 0.19~0.25w/ cm3, preferably single microwave heating box 4 is using 18 magnetrons, microwave field density 0.2176w/cm3;Magnetron power source type can be Switch power supply type and transformer type, the type of cooling have air-cooled and water cooling two ways, the type of cooling used in same equipment It is identical.
The course of work of above-mentioned energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device is as follows: material is from the feed hopper of feeding device 8 Drop on endless conveyor 7, the driven by rotating wheel endless conveyor 7 of left steering cabinet 2 and right turn cabinet 3 moves forward, material into Enter to after left microwave suppressor 5, hot wind (pumping out temperature is 50~90 DEG C) heated material that level-one hot wind pump 11 generates has one Determine temperature material enter microwave heating box 4 after, magnetron assembly 12 generate microwave action on material, material has at this time Certain temperature fast dewatering under the action of microwave enters maturation stage, and the high-temperature gas generated in microwave heating box 4 passes through Exhaust pipe 10 enters in hot gas recovery system, and a part of hot gas is utilized by level-one hot wind pump 11, and excessive gas is discharged to outdoor, object Feed collet is in attemperator 9, it may be assumed that between insulation belt, with endless conveyor 7, can effectively keep temperature, pass through the display of monitoring 14 It is observed that the case where 4 the inside material of microwave heating box, material enters next after coming out from the right microwave suppressor 6 of other end Process, annular endless conveyor 7 continue to turn round under the drive of 3 runner of left steering cabinet 2 and right turn cabinet.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device, including bracket (1), left steering cabinet (2) and right turn cabinet (3), special Sign is: multiple interconnected microwave heating box (4) is fixed on the bracket (1) side by side, on head end microwave heating box (4) It is connected with left microwave suppressor (5), right microwave suppressor (6) is connected on tail end microwave heating box (4);The left steering cabinet (2) and It is connected with endless conveyor (7) between the right turn cabinet (3), the endless conveyor (7) sequentially passes through the left microwave suppressor (5), each microwave heating box (4) and right microwave suppressor (6), endless conveyor (7) head end are connected with feeding device (8), attemperator (9) and above the endless conveyor (7) are equipped with;Exhaust pipe is connected at the top of the microwave heating box (4) (10), level-one hot wind pump (11), the hot-blast outlet of the level-one hot wind pump (11) and the left side are connected on the exhaust pipe (10) The endless conveyor (7) in microwave suppressor (5) communicates.
2. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the microwave heating box (4) Including upper layer box body (4.1) and lower layer box body (4.2), it is provided with magnetron assembly (12) in the upper layer box body (4.1), it is described Lower layer box body (4.2) is the semi-enclosed cabinet of head and the tail two open ends, and the exhaust pipe (10) is connected to the lower layer box body (4.2) on.
3. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the magnetron assembly (12) Including the multiple magnetrons (12.1) being arranged on upper layer box body (4.1) shell, the magnetron (12.1) is along described micro- Wave heating case (4) head end to tail end presses layout density size interval interlaced arrangement.
4. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the magnetron assembly (12) Including the multiple magnetrons (12.1) being arranged on upper layer box body (4.1) shell, microwave heating box (4) head end and tail Magnetron (12.1) layout density at end is greater than the layout density of middle part magnetron (12.1).
5. the according to claim 1 or 2 or 3 energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering devices, it is characterised in that: the microwave heating The microwave field density of case (4) is 0.19~0.25w/cm3
6. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 1 or 2 or 4, it is characterised in that: the microwave heating The microwave field density of case (4) is 0.19~0.25w/cm3
7. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: connect on the exhaust pipe (10) There is second level hot wind to pump (13), the hot-blast outlet of the second level hot wind pump (13) is connected to the microwave heating box (4) bottom.
8. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the attemperator (9) is Insulation belt, the insulation belt one are fixed on the bracket (1), and other end is passed without constraint, the insulation belt and the circulation It send with there are the gaps for placing material between (7).
9. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 2, it is characterised in that: the lower layer box body (4.2) It is upper that monitoring (14) is housed.
10. energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the exhaust pipe (10) with Connecting line between the level-one hot wind pump (11) is equipped with hot blast control valve (15).
CN201820886460.2U 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device Active CN208667633U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820886460.2U CN208667633U (en) 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820886460.2U CN208667633U (en) 2018-06-06 2018-06-06 Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device

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Publication Number Publication Date
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108893186A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-27 中国农业科学院油料作物研究所 Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108893186A (en) * 2018-06-06 2018-11-27 中国农业科学院油料作物研究所 Energy-efficient oil plant microwave quenching and tempering device

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