CN208451993U - A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer - Google Patents

A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208451993U
CN208451993U CN201820525519.5U CN201820525519U CN208451993U CN 208451993 U CN208451993 U CN 208451993U CN 201820525519 U CN201820525519 U CN 201820525519U CN 208451993 U CN208451993 U CN 208451993U
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China
Prior art keywords
slitting
wheel
pelletizing
pelletizer
environment friendly
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Application number
CN201820525519.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
薛志超
赵佃宝
曲恒辉
柴庆刚
孙春阳
朱辉
张圣涛
刘树堂
曹卫东
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Shandong high speed material technology development Co., Ltd
Original Assignee
Qilu Traffic Material Technology Development Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201820525519.5U priority Critical patent/CN208451993U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizers; it solves the problems, such as complicated for operation existing for screw pelletizer and inefficiency; it first squeezes material; after cut, material simply and easily can be carried out pelletizing by then pelletizing; pelletizing efficiency improves; and manpower has been saved, technical solution are as follows: including melting material storehouse, material is heated to molten state in melting material storehouse;Pressurizing unit is set to below melting material storehouse comprising two extruding wheels being oppositely arranged, two extruding wheels, which are rotated towards each other, squeezes slabbing for molten state material;Slitting device comprising two slitting wheels being oppositely arranged, two slitting wheels, which are rotated towards each other, is cut into strip for sheet material;Pellet device comprising the pelletizing wheel and fast pulley being oppositely arranged, strip-shaped materials pass through between pelletizing wheel and fast pulley, are cut into through the rotation of pelletizing wheel granular.

Description

A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer
Technical field
The utility model relates to the particle manufacturing technology fields of material, more particularly to a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer.
Background technique
With the development of economy, the also more and more using field of the pelletizer of plastic grain, the use of pelletizer are produced Amount is also increasing, has become basic equipment indispensable in industrial and agricultural products.It is common on the market at present to be granulated Machine is mainly screw pelletizer, and screw pelletizer is divided into dual-screw pelletizer and single screw rod pelletizer, their working principle is equal Advance for first material is twisted into bulk and is rolled along screw channel, because of the shearing, compression and stirring action of screw rod, material is by further Mixing and plasticizing, temperature and pressure is stepped up, show viscosity flow state, and with certain pressure and temperature by head, Finally obtain the product of required shape.
And screw pelletizer will inevitably have high-temperature condition when being granulated, and easily cause the wave of personnel's scald and the energy Take, and in granulation process, some pernicious gases are also inevitably discharged, to cause air pollution.Secondly, screw rod is made The granulation power of grain machine is lower, and the material bar number for squeezing and going out is less, wastes a large amount of time, and screw pelletizer operation is multiple It is miscellaneous, generally require more people's operations.
Utility model content
In order to overcome the above-mentioned deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer, to object Material first squeezes, rear to cut, then pelletizing, material simply and easily can be carried out pelletizing, pelletizing efficiency improves, and has saved people Power;
Further, the utility model adopts the following technical solutions:
A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer, including melting material storehouse, material are heated to molten state in melting material storehouse;
Pressurizing unit is set to below melting material storehouse comprising two extruding wheels being oppositely arranged, two extruding wheels rotate towards each other by Molten state material squeezes slabbing;
Slitting device comprising two slitting wheels being oppositely arranged, two slitting wheels, which are rotated towards each other, is cut into strip for sheet material;
Pellet device comprising the pelletizing wheel and fast pulley being oppositely arranged, strip-shaped materials are between pelletizing wheel and fast pulley Pass through, is cut into through the rotation of pelletizing wheel granular.
Further, the extruding wheel is the cylindric cylinder of smooth surface, and two extruding wheels are driven by same power device.
Further, the slitting wheel is cylindric cylinder, and a plurality of circumferential recess is arranged in cylindrical strut external surface.
Further, the groove of two slitting wheels alternately shifts to install, and two slitting wheels are driven by same power device.
Further, the pelletizing wheel includes column structure, and multiple rows of multiple row zigzag serrated knife is arranged in column structure outer peripheral surface.
Further, the fast pulley is cylindric cylinder, and fast pulley is fixed.
Further, the extruding wheel and melt inclined baffle is set between bin bottom.
Further, the slitting device is set to pressurizing unit obliquely downward, inclining between slitting device and pressurizing unit Material conveyer belt is set at access ramp.
Further, vertically opposite that air-cooling fan is set above material conveyer belt, to the material of material conveyer belt transport It is gas-cooled.
Further, material carrier chain is set between the slitting device and pellet device, is corresponded to above material carrier chain Water cooling spray head is set, water cooling is carried out to the material of material carrier chain transport.
Further, blower is arranged close to the top of pellet device side in the material carrier chain, transports to material carrier chain Drying is blowed in defeated material.
Further, waste storage drawer is set below the material carrier chain.
Further, pelletizing wheel obliquely downward is correspondingly arranged discharge port.
Further, two extruding wheel levels are oppositely arranged, and two slitting wheel levels are oppositely arranged, and pelletizing wheel and fast pulley are vertical It is oppositely arranged.
Further, the material carrier chain horizontal layout.
Further, the pressurizing unit, slitting device and pellet device are all set in shell, and shell, which corresponds to, to be squeezed Waste gas purifying machine is set between device, slitting device.
Further, feed hopper is arranged in the melting material the top of the warehouse, and open and close door is arranged between melting material storehouse and pressurizing unit, opens and closes Door is provided with valve.
A kind of in order to overcome the deficiencies of the prior art, the utility model provides prilling process of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer, The following steps are included:
Material is added to melting material storehouse, material is heated to molten state in melting material storehouse;
The valve between melting material storehouse and pressurizing unit is opened, material enters pressurizing unit, molten state material is squeezed in blocks Shape;
Sheet material is delivered to slitting device, is gas-cooled during transportation, and sheet material is cut by slitting device Strip;
Strip-shaped materials are delivered to pellet device, successively carry out water cooling, drying during transportation, and pellet device is by strip Material is cut into granular;
The exhaust gas generated in the course of work carries out purified treatment via Waste gas purifying machine.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that
1. the pelletizer of the utility model is simple to operation compared with screw pelletizer, at low cost, manpower has effectively been saved;And The utility model pelletizer, which passes through, first extrudes the material into piece, then entire sheet material is cut into strip by slitting device, then By strip-shaped materials in a row by pellet device pelletizing, the material bar of this device fabrication is to be formed on the basis of arranging to material cutting, It is high thus more efficient at bar number compared with screw pelletizer.
2. material need to be only heated to melting deformation state i.e. after material enters melting material storehouse by the pelletizer of the utility model Can, and the viscosity flow state of non-existing screw pelletizer, this just reduces comparable temperature to the heating of material, substantially reduces energy The consumption in source.
3. shell is arranged in the pelletizer whole device of the utility model, semiclosed shape is just in after material enters melting material storehouse State, and waste gas purification apparatus is set on shell, effectively prevent the evolution of pernicious gas.
Detailed description of the invention
The accompanying drawings constituting a part of this application is used to provide further understanding of the present application, and the application's shows Meaning property embodiment and its explanation are not constituted an undue limitation on the present application for explaining the application.
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model pelletizer;
Fig. 2 is the top view of two extruding wheel of pressurizing unit;
Fig. 3 is the top view of the slitting wheel of slitting device two;
Fig. 4 is the pelletizing wheel of pellet device and the main view of fast pulley cooperation;
In figure, 1 feed hopper, 2 melting material storehouses, 3 extruding wheels, 4 material conveyer belts, 5 air-cooling fans, 6 Waste gas purifying machines, 7 slittings Wheel, 8 material carrier chains, 9 water cooling spray heads, 10 blowers, 11 pellet devices, 12 waste storage drawers, 13 discharge ports, 14 baffles, 15 Pelletizing wheel, 16 fast pulleys, 17 grooves, 18 shells, 19 open and close doors.
Specific embodiment
It is noted that following detailed description is all illustrative, it is intended to provide further instruction to the application.Unless another It indicates, all technical and scientific terms used herein has usual with the application person of an ordinary skill in the technical field The identical meanings of understanding.
It should be noted that term used herein above is merely to describe specific embodiment, and be not intended to restricted root According to the illustrative embodiments of the application.As used herein, unless the context clearly indicates otherwise, otherwise singular Also it is intended to include plural form, additionally, it should be understood that, when in the present specification using term "comprising" and/or " packet Include " when, indicate existing characteristics, step, operation, device, component and/or their combination.
As background technique is introduced, screw pelletizer in the prior art is asked there are complicated for operation and inefficiency Topic, in order to solve technical problem as above, present applicant proposes a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer and prilling process.
In a kind of typical embodiment of the application, as Figure 1-Figure 4, a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer is provided, Including melting material storehouse 2, material is heated to molten state in melting material storehouse 2;
Pressurizing unit is set to 2 lower section of melting material storehouse comprising two extruding wheels 3 being oppositely arranged, two extruding wheels 3 turn in opposite directions It is dynamic that molten state material is squeezed into slabbing;
Slitting device comprising two slitting wheels 7 being oppositely arranged, two slitting wheels 7, which rotate towards each other, cuts into inch strips sheet material Shape;
Pellet device 11 comprising the pelletizing wheel 15 and fast pulley 16 being oppositely arranged, strip-shaped materials are in pelletizing wheel 15 and admittedly Pass through between fixed wheel 16, is cut into through the rotation of pelletizing wheel 15 granular.
Extruding wheel 3 is the cylindric cylinder of smooth surface (can use iron solid pillar), and two extruding wheels 3 are driven by same power device It is dynamic, for material to be rolled into thin long sheet.
Slitting wheel 7 is cylindric cylinder (can use iron solid pillar), and it is recessed that a plurality of circumferential direction is arranged in cylindrical strut external surface Slot 17, for cutting.
The groove 17 of two slitting wheels 7 alternately shifts to install, i.e., one slitting wheel setting groove corresponds to another slitting wheel and do not set Groove can guarantee to cut sheet material comprehensively in this way;Two slitting wheels 7 are driven by same power device.
Pelletizing wheel 15 includes column structure (can use iron solid pillar), and multiple rows of multiple row sawtooth is arranged in column structure outer peripheral surface Shape serrated knife, for cutting material, revolving speed is adjustable;Fast pulley 16 is that cylindric cylinder (hard resistance to can cut metal using smooth Wheel), fast pulley 16 is fixed;When strip-shaped materials pass through between pelletizing wheel and fast pulley, between pelletizing wheel and fast pulley It relatively rotates, is cut into strip-shaped materials by zigzag serrated knife granular.Pelletizing wheel 15 is driven by power device.
Independent power device driving can be respectively adopted in extruding wheel, slitting wheel, pelletizing wheel, and power device is motor Deng;Extruding wheel, slitting wheel, pelletizing wheel can also be driven using same power device, using transmission mechanisms such as such as belts or chain Power is transferred to each rotating wheel respectively, this is the prior art, and details are not described herein.
Inclined baffle 14 is arranged between 2 bottom in extruding wheel 3 and melting material storehouse.Setting baffle can be conveyed with directing material, can To prevent the aggregation of material.
Slitting device is set to pressurizing unit obliquely downward, arranging thing at the ramp way between slitting device and pressurizing unit Expect that conveyer belt 4, material conveyer belt are used to the material of growth sheet is transported to slitting wheel.
Vertically opposite that air-cooling fan 5 is arranged above material conveyer belt 4, the material transported to material conveyer belt 4 carries out gas Cold cooling, convenient for slitting.Air-cooling fan 5 uses existing blower, the material quenching on material conveyer belt 4.
Material carrier chain 8 is set between slitting device and pellet device, and material carrier chain is used to be made the object of fine strip shape Material is transported at pellet device;Water cooling spray head 9 is correspondingly arranged above material carrier chain 8, to material carrier chain 8 transport material into The hardening of row water-cooled cooling.Water cooling spray head 9 is connected to by pipeline with water tank, can be supplied water by water pump for it, this is the prior art, Details are not described herein.
Blower 10 is arranged close to the top of 11 side of pellet device in material carrier chain 8, the material transported to material carrier chain 8 Drying is blowed.Blower can use existing blower, can dry the material on material carrier chain, this is existing skill Art, details are not described herein.
Pressurizing unit, slitting device and pellet device are all set in shell 18, and shell 18 corresponds to pressurizing unit, slitting Waste gas purifying machine 6 is set between device.
Waste storage drawer 12 is set below material carrier chain 8, for collecting the material fallen, convenient for recycling.It is useless Sealing strip etc. can be set between material storage drawer and shell, seal when waste storage drawer is closed.
15 obliquely downward of pelletizing wheel is correspondingly arranged discharge port 13, and the material completed the process is stored via discharge port output.
Two extruding wheels, 3 level is oppositely arranged, and two slitting 7 levels of wheel are oppositely arranged, pelletizing wheel 15 and the vertical phase of fast pulley 16 To setting.Strip-shaped materials made of slitting device are delivered to pellet device by 8 horizontal layout of material carrier chain, material carrier chain Place, by pelletizing wheel to its pelletizing.
Feed hopper 1 is set at the top of melting material storehouse 2, open and close door 19 is set between melting material storehouse 2 and pressurizing unit, and open and close door is provided with Valve after material is heated to molten state in melting material storehouse, opens valve, material is made to enter pressurizing unit.It is arranged in melting material storehouse Temperature control heating device heats the material of feeding, by adjusting the heating temperature of heating device, material can be made to be heated to melting Melt state;Melting material storehouse and heating device can use the device of the existing heated material in granulation field.
In the typical embodiment of the another kind of the application, a kind of prilling process of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer is provided, is wrapped Include following steps:
Material is added to melting material storehouse 2, material is heated to molten state in melting material storehouse 2;
The valve between melting material storehouse 2 and pressurizing unit is opened, material enters pressurizing unit, molten state material is squeezed in blocks Shape;
Sheet material is delivered to slitting device, is gas-cooled during transportation, and sheet material is cut by slitting device Strip;
Strip-shaped materials are delivered to pellet device, successively carry out water cooling, drying during transportation, and pellet device is by strip Material is cut into granular;
The exhaust gas generated in the course of work carries out purified treatment via Waste gas purifying machine 6.
In order to enable those skilled in the art can clearly understand the technical solution of the application, below with reference to tool The technical solution of the application is described in detail in the embodiment of body.
Prepare the modifying agent of a kind of PE and the mixed and modified pitch of SBS, the preparation flow of modifying agent are as follows: first mix material equal It is even, it adds feed hopper, melting material storehouse temperature is adjusted to material temperature just in a molten state after to be added, to whole meltings Afterwards, the valve that melting material storehouse leads to extruding wheel is opened.
Material is depressed into strip of sheet by wheel to be extruded, is sent to slitting wheel by material conveyer belt, during transportation, there is gas Air-cooler tentatively cools down to material, convenient for slitting.After the completion of slitting, strip-shaped materials are delivered to pelletizing by material carrier chain Pelletizing is taken turns, material is cooled to by hardening state by water cooling during transportation, then by the blower by pelletizing wheel by strip-shaped materials table Face moisture blowing drying, convenient for the completion of pelletizing.The material fallen in pelletization from conveyer belt will drop down onto waste storage pumping Drawer is convenient for recycling and reusing.
The foregoing is merely preferred embodiment of the present application, are not intended to limit this application, for the skill of this field For art personnel, various changes and changes are possible in this application.Within the spirit and principles of this application, made any to repair Change, equivalent replacement, improvement etc., should be included within the scope of protection of this application.

Claims (9)

1. a kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer, characterized in that including melting material storehouse, material is heated to molten state in melting material storehouse;
Pressurizing unit is set to below melting material storehouse comprising two extruding wheels being oppositely arranged, two extruding wheels, which rotate towards each other, to be melted State material squeezes slabbing;
Slitting device comprising two slitting wheels being oppositely arranged, two slitting wheels, which are rotated towards each other, is cut into strip for sheet material;
Pellet device comprising the pelletizing wheel and fast pulley being oppositely arranged, strip-shaped materials pass through between pelletizing wheel and fast pulley, It is cut into through the rotation of pelletizing wheel granular.
2. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that the extruding wheel be the cylindric cylinder of smooth surface, two Extruding wheel is driven by same power device;The extruding wheel and melts inclined baffle is set between bin bottom.
3. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that the slitting wheel is cylindric cylinder, cylindric A plurality of circumferential recess is arranged in cartridge outer surface;The groove of two slitting wheels alternately shifts to install, and two slitting wheels are by same power device Driving.
4. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that the pelletizing wheel includes column structure, cylinder knot Multiple rows of multiple row zigzag serrated knife is arranged in structure outer peripheral surface;The fast pulley is cylindric cylinder, and fast pulley is fixed.
5. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that the slitting device is set to pressurizing unit obliquely downward It is square, material conveyer belt is set at the ramp way between slitting device and pressurizing unit;It is vertically opposite above material conveyer belt Air-cooling fan is set, is gas-cooled to the material of material conveyer belt transport.
6. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that be arranged between the slitting device and pellet device Material carrier chain, material carrier chain top are correspondingly arranged water cooling spray head, carry out water cooling to the material of material carrier chain transport;It is described Blower is arranged close to the top of pellet device side in material carrier chain, and drying is blowed to the material of material carrier chain transport; Waste storage drawer is set below the material carrier chain.
7. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as claimed in claim 6, characterized in that two extruding wheel levels are oppositely arranged, two slitting wheels Level is oppositely arranged, and pelletizing wheel and fast pulley are oppositely arranged vertically;The material carrier chain horizontal layout.
8. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that pelletizing wheel obliquely downward is correspondingly arranged discharging Mouthful;Feed hopper is arranged in the melting material the top of the warehouse, open and close door is arranged between melting material storehouse and pressurizing unit, open and close door is provided with valve.
9. high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer as described in claim 1, characterized in that the pressurizing unit, slitting device and pelletizing dress It sets and is all set in shell, shell, which corresponds to, is arranged Waste gas purifying machine between pressurizing unit, slitting device.
CN201820525519.5U 2018-04-13 2018-04-13 A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly pelletizer Active CN208451993U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108638373A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-10-12 齐鲁交通材料技术开发有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly comminutor and prilling process

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108638373A (en) * 2018-04-13 2018-10-12 齐鲁交通材料技术开发有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency environment friendly comminutor and prilling process

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Address after: 250014 floor 12, building D, Yinfeng Fortune Plaza, No. 1, Longao West Road, Lixia District, Jinan City, Shandong Province

Patentee after: Shandong high speed material technology development Co., Ltd

Address before: 250000 floor 12, D, Yinfeng Fortune Plaza, 1 Longao Xi Road, Lixia District, Ji'nan, Shandong.

Patentee before: QILU TRANSPORTATION MATERIAL TECHNOLOGY DEVELOPMENT Co.,Ltd.