CN208343782U - Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine - Google Patents

Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208343782U
CN208343782U CN201820874687.5U CN201820874687U CN208343782U CN 208343782 U CN208343782 U CN 208343782U CN 201820874687 U CN201820874687 U CN 201820874687U CN 208343782 U CN208343782 U CN 208343782U
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axis
feed mechanism
support base
screw
gyration
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席红霞
刘浩宇
张小军
韦相贵
张科研
刘树胜
孙继旋
王娟虎
李派霞
黄柳丹
林梓江
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Qinzhou University
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Qinzhou University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machines, including numerical control device and machine tool main body, the machine tool main body includes pedestal and the column that is fixed thereon, Y-axis feed mechanism and A axis rotating mechanism are provided on pedestal, X-axis feed mechanism and Z axis feed mechanism are provided on column, Y-axis feed mechanism, A axis rotating mechanism, X-axis feed mechanism and Z axis feed mechanism respectively include X-axis stepper motor, A axis rotating electric machine, y-axis stepper motor and Z axis stepper motor, the numerical control device is separately connected the amount of feeding for controlling above-mentioned each spindle motor to control each axis.The power spindle direction of motion is designed as horizontal direction by the utility model, and it is parallel with Z axis, Y-axis ball-screw is set to rotate mobile work platform by controlling y-axis stepper motor, achieve the purpose that adjust the green body centre of gyration and carves distance between cutter, to realize the adjustable of the radius of gyration, and then realize the engraving of large-size ceramic green body.

Description

Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine
Technical field
The utility model relates to engraving machines, and in particular to a kind of adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine.
Background technique
As the improvement of people's living standards, the demand of the art pottery is increasing, especially with the embossment of furnishings property Vase and welcome of the interior decoration technique product increasingly by numerous people based on high-grade thin porcelain body egg shell lampshade.But with regard to mesh Before for, the production for carving ceramics remains in the hand engraving process segment, and there is much not for traditional-handwork Carving Machining Foot:
1. production efficiency is low, only sample is carved, the time of engraving just needs for quite a long time;Due to ceramic workpiece pole Cracky, damaged probability is very big during engraving, and especially when engraving closes to an end, this is greatly lowered life Produce efficiency.
2. pattern is simple, traditional hand engraving, designer is needed to draw before engraving according to requiring to sketch the contours hard-tipped pen letter. Picture is simple, and tradition is single, is far from satisfying pursuit of the modern society people to beauty.On the other hand, simple picture Cause product competitiveness low, while hindering the popularization of engraving ceramics.
3. excessively relying on individual skill, traditional hand engraving, this whole set of process is usually to be completed by a people, this is to carving The technical requirements for carving master worker are very high, once occurring surprisingly, engraving task is difficult to complete;And this more difficult biography of technology It holds, key technology is more difficult to pass on, so that this traditional non-material cultural heritage of China is on the verge of to wither away.
4. working environment is severe, traditional hand engraving, carver is right so directly with engraving dust close contact Body has biggish harm, it is difficult to ensure that the breathing safety problem of operator taking safeguard procedures.This also causes Operator is fewer and fewer, and then product volume is caused not to be able to satisfy the demand in market.
It there is now the digital controlled ceramic of multiaxis through transport in order to improve processing efficiency in view of the problems of traditional-handwork engraving Engraving machine occurs, such as the patent of invention of Publication No. CN103273776A, but the main shaft row of existing digital controlled ceramic engraving machine Journey is restricted, and leads to limitation of the processed ceramic body radius by travel of spindle, and the radius of gyration can only be allowed to be less than main shaft Stroke, thus large-size ceramic green body can not be carved.
Utility model content
It is carved the technical problem to be solved by the present invention is to provide one kind suitable for large scale green body and high in machining efficiency Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine.
Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine described in the utility model, including numerical control device and machine tool main body, it is described Machine tool main body includes pedestal and the column that is fixed thereon, it is characterised in that: Y-axis feed mechanism and A are provided on the pedestal Axis rotating mechanism is provided with X-axis feed mechanism and Z axis feed mechanism on the column, in which:
The Y-axis feed mechanism includes the Y-axis support base being set on pedestal, is equipped with Y-axis stepping electricity in Y-axis support base Machine, the Y-axis linear guides being arranged in horizontal direction and the Y-axis sliding block being slidably matched with it, Y-axis ball-screw and 2 Y-axis Bearing block, Y-axis sliding block top are fixed with the workbench for installing A axis rotating mechanism;The both ends of Y-axis ball-screw pass through bearing It is respectively arranged in 2 Y-axis bearing blocks, the output shaft of y-axis stepper motor passes through one end of Y-axis shaft coupling and Y-axis ball-screw It is coaxially connected;
The A axis rotating mechanism includes the A axis support base being set on workbench, A axis rotating electric machine, driving wheel, driven Wheel and the chuck for putting processed ceramic body;The output shaft and driving wheel of the A axis rotating electric machine are affixed, driving wheel and Driven wheel passes through synchronous band connection, and chuck is fixed on the output shaft of driven wheel;
The X-axis feed mechanism includes the X-axis support base being set on column, is equipped with X-axis stepping electricity in X-axis support base Machine, in longitudinally disposed X-axis linear guides and with its X-axis slide block, X-axis ball-screw and the 2 X-axis bearings that are slidably matched Seat;X-axis slide block top is fixed with the Z axis support base for installing Z axis feed mechanism;The both ends of X-axis ball-screw pass through bearing It is respectively arranged in 2 X-axis bearing blocks, the output shaft of X-axis stepper motor passes through one end of X-axis shaft coupling and X-axis ball-screw It is coaxially connected;
The Z axis feed mechanism includes the Z axis support base being installed in X-axis slide block, is equipped with Z axis step in Z axis support base Into motor, in horizontal direction the Z axis linear guides being arranged and the Z axis sliding block being slidably matched with it, Z axis ball-screw and 2 Z axis bearing block;The both ends of Z axis ball-screw are respectively arranged in 2 Z axis bearing blocks by bearing, the output of Z axis stepper motor Axis is coaxially connected by Z axis shaft coupling and one end of Z axis ball-screw;Main shaft grip slipper, institute are also equipped on Z axis support base It states and spindle motor is installed on main shaft grip slipper, engraving tool is installed on the output shaft of the spindle motor;
The numerical control device is separately connected control X-axis stepper motor, A axis rotating electric machine, y-axis stepper motor and Z axis stepping Motor.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, stiffening plate is set preferably between pedestal and column, is arranged on column to improve X-axis feed mechanism rigidity.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the engraving tool is fixed on the output shaft of spindle motor by engraving machine clamp.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the engraving tool specifically can be graver.
For the operation of engraving machine described in emergent control under special circumstances, an emergent control is preferably also set up on pedestal The emergency stop switch that the engraving machine stops.
In above-mentioned technical proposal, the numerical control device completes the processing of all process datas, calculates work, final to realize carving Quarter machine machine tool main body commander's work;Its composition is same as the prior art, generally comprises circuit, the various interfaces electricity of microcomputer The hardware such as road, CRT monitor and corresponding software.
Compared with prior art, it is the characteristics of the utility model:
1, the power spindle direction of motion is designed as horizontal direction by the utility model, and parallel with Z axis, by controlling Y-axis Stepper motor rotates Y-axis ball-screw and mobile work platform, reaches and adjusts distance between the green body centre of gyration and engraving cutter Purpose, to realize the adjustable of the radius of gyration, and then realize the engraving of large-size ceramic green body, solve existing numerical control carving Since travel of spindle limitation leads to limitation of the processed ceramic body radius by travel of spindle, Zhi Nengyun present in quarter machine Perhaps the radius of gyration is less than the problem of travel of spindle;On the other hand, main shaft uses clamp-type, can be according to the hardness of processed object more Change the spindle motor of different capacity;
2, use scope is relatively wide, it can be achieved that embossment, intaglio or line engraving, can solve various special-shaped idiosome cameoes;
3, mechanical part and data portion, which combine, operates the mass production, it can be achieved that large scale green body, in process Green body is hardly damaged, high in machining efficiency.
Detailed description of the invention
Fig. 1 is adjustable a kind of structural schematic diagram of embodiment of radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine described in the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the left view of Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the front view of Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 4 is the right view of Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment;
Fig. 5 is the three-dimensional structure diagram of another angle of Fig. 1 illustrated embodiment.
Figure label are as follows:
1, pedestal, 2, emergency stop switch, 3, Y-axis support base, 4, Y-axis linear guides, 5, Y-axis sliding block, 6, y-axis stepper motor, 7, Y-axis shaft coupling, 8, workbench, 9, stiffening plate, 10, column, 11, chuck, 12, X-axis shaft coupling, 13, X-axis stepper motor, 14, Graver, 15, engraving machine clamp, 16, spindle motor, 17, main shaft grip slipper, 18, Z axis shaft coupling, 19, A axis rotating electric machine, 20, A axis support base, 21, driven wheel, 22 synchronous belts, 23, driving wheel, 24, X-axis support base, 25, X-axis linear guides, 26, X-axis Bearing block, 27, X-axis slide block, 28, Z axis support base, 29, Z axis stepper motor, 30, Z axis sliding block, 31, Z axis linear guides, 32, pottery Porcelain billet body, 33, Y-axis ball-screw, 34, Y-axis bearing block, 35, X-axis bearing block, 36, X-axis ball-screw, 37, Z axis ball wire Thick stick, 38, bearing.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing, to more fully understand the content of the utility model.
As shown in Figs. 1-5, adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine described in the utility model, including numerical control device and machine Bed main body, the machine tool main body include pedestal 1 and the column 10 that is fixed thereon, be provided between pedestal 1 and column 10 plus Strong plate 9, is provided with Y-axis feed mechanism and A axis rotating mechanism and an emergency stop switch 2 on the pedestal 1, on the column 10 It is provided with X-axis feed mechanism and Z axis feed mechanism, in which:
The Y-axis feed mechanism includes the Y-axis support base 3 being set on pedestal 1, is equipped with Y-axis step in Y-axis support base 3 Into motor 6, Y-axis ball-screw 33, in horizontal direction 2 Y-axis linear guides 4 being arranged and slide with the Y-axis linear guides 4 The Y-axis sliding block 5 (on each Y-axis linear guides 4 be arranged 2 Y-axis sliding blocks 5, totally 4) of cooperation and 2 Y-axis bearing blocks 34, The workbench 8 for installing A axis rotating mechanism is fixed on 5 top of Y-axis sliding block;The both ends of Y-axis ball-screw 33 pass through bearing 38 are respectively arranged in 2 Y-axis bearing blocks 34, and the output shaft of y-axis stepper motor 6 passes through Y-axis shaft coupling 7 and Y-axis ball-screw 33 one end is coaxially connected, specific as shown in Figure 1;
The A axis rotating mechanism includes the A axis support base 20 being set on workbench 8, A axis rotating electric machine 19, driving wheel 23, driven wheel 21 and the chuck 11 for putting processed ceramic body 32, wherein A axis rotating electric machine 19 is installed on the support of A axis On seat 20, it is affixed with the driving wheel 23 that is mounted below A axis support base 20 that output shaft passes through A axis support base 20, the active Wheel 23 and driven wheel 21 are connected by synchronous belt 22, and the output shaft of driven wheel 21 passes through A axis support base 20, and the chuck 11 is solid It is connected on the output shaft of the driven wheel 21, it is specific as shown in Figure 4;
The X-axis feed mechanism includes the X-axis support base 24 being set on column 10, is equipped with X-axis in X-axis support base 24 Stepper motor 13, X-axis ball-screw 36 are slided in 2 longitudinally disposed X-axis linear guides 25 and with the X-axis linear guides 25 The X-axis slide block 5 (be arranged on each X-axis linear guides 25 2 X-axis slide blocks 27, totally 4) of dynamic cooperation and 2 X-axis bearings Seat 35;27 top of X-axis slide block is fixed with the Z axis support base 28 for installing Z axis feed mechanism;X-axis ball-screw 36 Both ends are respectively arranged in 2 X-axis bearing blocks 35 by bearing 38, and the output shaft of X-axis stepper motor 13 passes through X-axis shaft coupling 12 It is coaxially connected with one end of X-axis ball-screw 36, it is specific as shown in Figure 5;
The Z axis feed mechanism includes the Z axis support base 28 being installed in the X-axis slide block 27, in Z axis support base 28 Be equipped with Z axis stepper motor 29, Z axis ball-screw 37,2 Z axis linear guides 31 being arranged in horizontal direction and with the Z axis Z axis sliding block 30 that linear guides 31 are slidably matched (be arranged on each Z axis linear guides 31 2 Z axis sliding blocks 30, totally 4), with And 2 Z axis bearing blocks;The both ends of Z axis ball-screw 37 are respectively arranged in 2 Z axis bearing blocks by bearing 38, Z axis stepping The output shaft of motor 29 is coaxially connected by Z axis shaft coupling 18 and one end of Z axis ball-screw 37;On Z axis support base 28 also Main shaft grip slipper 17 is installed, spindle motor 16 is installed on the main shaft grip slipper 17, on the output shaft of the spindle motor 16 Graver 14 is installed by engraving machine clamp 15, it is specific as shown in Figure 3;
The numerical control device is separately connected control X-axis stepper motor 13, A axis rotating electric machine 19, y-axis stepper motor 6 and Z axis Stepper motor 29.
In above embodiment, Y-axis feed mechanism realizes the reciprocal shifting in the horizontal direction for being processed ceramic body 32 Dynamic, A axis rotating mechanism realizes the moving in rotation in the horizontal direction for being processed ceramic body 32, and X-axis feed mechanism realizes carving Quarter tool reciprocating movement in a longitudinal direction, and Z axis feed mechanism realizes in the horizontal direction reciprocal of carved tool It is mobile.

Claims (5)

1. adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine, including numerical control device and machine tool main body, the machine tool main body includes pedestal (1) With the column (10) being fixed thereon, it is characterised in that: be provided with Y-axis feed mechanism and A axis whirler on the pedestal (1) Structure is provided with X-axis feed mechanism and Z axis feed mechanism on the column (10), in which:
The Y-axis feed mechanism includes the Y-axis support base (3) being set on pedestal (1), is equipped with Y-axis in Y-axis support base (3) Stepper motor (6), the Y-axis linear guides (4) being arranged in horizontal direction and the Y-axis sliding block (5), the Y-axis ball that are slidably matched with it Lead screw (33) and 2 Y-axis bearing blocks (34), Y-axis sliding block (5) top are fixed with the workbench for installing A axis rotating mechanism (8);The both ends of Y-axis ball-screw (33) are respectively arranged in 2 Y-axis bearing blocks (34) by bearing (38), y-axis stepper motor (6) output shaft is coaxially connected by Y-axis shaft coupling (7) and one end of Y-axis ball-screw (33);
The A axis rotating mechanism includes the A axis support base (20) being set on workbench (8), A axis rotating electric machine (19), active Take turns (23), driven wheel (21) and the chuck (11) for putting processed ceramic body (32);The A axis rotating electric machine (19) Output shaft and driving wheel (23) are affixed, and driving wheel (23) and driven wheel (21) are connected by synchronous belt (22), and chuck (11) is affixed In on the output shaft of driven wheel (21);
The X-axis feed mechanism includes the X-axis support base (24) being set on column (10), is equipped with X in X-axis support base (24) Shaft step motor (13), in longitudinally disposed X-axis linear guides (25) and the X-axis slide block (27) being slidably matched with it, X-axis ball Lead screw (36) and 2 X-axis bearing blocks (35);X-axis slide block (27) top is fixed with the Z axis branch for installing Z axis feed mechanism It supports seat (28);The both ends of X-axis ball-screw (36) are respectively arranged in 2 X-axis bearing blocks (35) by bearing (38), X-axis step Output shaft into motor (13) is coaxially connected by X-axis shaft coupling (12) and one end of X-axis ball-screw (36);
The Z axis feed mechanism includes the Z axis support base (28) being installed on X-axis slide block (27), is installed in Z axis support base (28) Have Z axis stepper motor (29), the Z axis linear guides (31) being arranged in horizontal direction and the Z axis sliding block (30) being slidably matched with it, Z axis ball-screw (37) and 2 Z axis bearing blocks;The both ends of Z axis ball-screw (37) are respectively arranged in 2 by bearing (38) In a Z axis bearing block, the output shaft of Z axis stepper motor (29) passes through one end of Z axis shaft coupling (18) and Z axis ball-screw (37) It is coaxially connected;It is also equipped on Z axis support base (28) main shaft grip slipper (17), master is installed on the main shaft grip slipper (17) Spindle motor (16) is equipped with engraving tool on the output shaft of the spindle motor (16);
The numerical control device is separately connected control X-axis stepper motor (13), A axis rotating electric machine (19), y-axis stepper motor (6) and Z Shaft step motor (29).
2. adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the engraving tool is logical Engraving machine clamp (15) is crossed to be fixed on the output shaft of spindle motor (16).
3. adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the engraving tool is Graver (14).
4. adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the pedestal (1) and vertical Stiffening plate (9) are provided between column (10).
5. adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine described in any one of -4 according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: in pedestal (1) emergency stop switch (2) of the stopping of engraving machine described in an emergent control is additionally provided on.
CN201820874687.5U 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine Active CN208343782U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820874687.5U CN208343782U (en) 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820874687.5U CN208343782U (en) 2018-06-07 2018-06-07 Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108515796A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-09-11 钦州学院 Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine
CN112497978A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 重庆工商大学 Device for engraving texture on surface of handicraft blank

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108515796A (en) * 2018-06-07 2018-09-11 钦州学院 Adjustable radius of gyration ceramics engraving machine
CN112497978A (en) * 2020-11-30 2021-03-16 重庆工商大学 Device for engraving texture on surface of handicraft blank
CN112497978B (en) * 2020-11-30 2022-09-09 重庆工商大学 Device for engraving texture on surface of handicraft blank

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