CN208184021U - A kind of construction wall - Google Patents

A kind of construction wall Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208184021U
CN208184021U CN201820627589.1U CN201820627589U CN208184021U CN 208184021 U CN208184021 U CN 208184021U CN 201820627589 U CN201820627589 U CN 201820627589U CN 208184021 U CN208184021 U CN 208184021U
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China
Prior art keywords
steel
wallboard
ring
concrete
reinforced
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CN201820627589.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
史世英
史炯
史炯一
濮梓闻
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SUZHOU SHIHAO BUILDING MATERIAL NEW TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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SUZHOU SHIHAO BUILDING MATERIAL NEW TECHNOLOGY ENGINEERING Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a kind of construction walls.The wall includes: L shape column, T shape column and wallboard.Construction wall provided by the utility model is adapted to a variety of different walls, can be used as load bearing wall, non-load bearing wall uses, whole to be assembled by tooling using modularized design, a large amount of saving manpowers and working hour.

Description

A kind of construction wall
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of construction wall structures, belong to technical field of civil engineering.
Background technique
In the prior art, building still needs a large amount of manual operation, although there is a small amount of modular design, also because For versatility and other reasons, cannot popularize.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, proposing a kind of modular common architectural Wall.
The technical solution that the utility model proposes to solve above-mentioned technical problem is: a kind of construction wall, comprising: L shape column, T shape column and wallboard;The L shape column forms connecting column of the corner of wall as two wallboards, and the T shape column forms the connection of three wallboards Column;The cross section of the L shape column is L-shaped, and the centre of the L shape column has the first vertical reinforced hole, and both ends of the surface have vertical The first steel bar groove;Several first transverse steels are disposed in the L shape column from top to bottom;Have on first transverse steel The first end ring of first reinforced steel bar ring of corresponding first reinforced hole and corresponding first steel bar groove;The L shape column is by mixing Solidifying soil, which pours, to be formed or is stacked by several L shape blocks;The cross section of the T shape column is T-shaped, and the centre of the T shape column has The first vertical reinforced hole, three end faces have the second vertical steel bar groove;It is disposed with several second from top to bottom in the T shape column Transverse steel;There is the second reinforced steel bar ring and corresponding second steel of corresponding second reinforced hole on second transverse steel The second end ring of muscle slot;The T shape column is formed by concreting or is stacked by several T-shaped blocks;Tool in the wallboard There are several third transverse steels arranged from top to bottom, the third transverse steel exposes in the wallboard two sides reinforcing bar Ring;The reinforced steel bar ring can with the first end ring lap fit, after the reinforced steel bar ring is Chong Die with the first end ring, in Between be fitted with reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and be filled with concrete;The reinforced steel bar ring can also be with the second end ring lap fit, institute State reinforced steel bar ring it is Chong Die with the second end ring after, centre is fitted with reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and is filled with concrete.
Above scheme is further improvement is that wallboard includes load-bearing wall panel and non-bearing wallboard;The load-bearing wall panel is One of complete cast-in-place wallboard, full prefabricated panel or half prefabricated panel or multiple combinations;The non-bearing wallboard is concrete sky Heart building block wallboard or aerated concrete wall panel.
Above scheme is made further improvement is that the complete cast-in-place wallboard of following methods:
Step 1: steel reinforcement cage is made using reinforcing bar according to wallboard size;And it is respectively separated in the upper and lower side of the steel reinforcement cage Arrange positioning steel tube;Ring flange is arranged on the positioning steel tube;
Exempt from support shuttering step 2: being disposed with to exempt to tear open in two outsides of the steel reinforcement cage;It is built when the cast-in-place wallboard is used as It is described to exempt to tear open the thickness for exempting from support shuttering less than or equal to 20mm when building interior wall;When the cast-in-place wallboard is as external wall, institute It states and exempts to tear open the thickness for exempting from support shuttering more than or equal to 40mm;Then, as needed it is described exempt to tear open exempt to arrange on the outside of support shuttering Integral decorative plate;The left and right ends of the steel reinforcement cage have the reinforced steel bar ring;
Step 3: it is described exempt to tear open exempt to install supporting rod on the outside of support shuttering additional, the both ends of the supporting rod respectively with it is described Positioning steel tube is fixedly connected;
Step 4: casting concrete and to its solidification;
Step 5: removing supporting rod.
Above scheme is further improvement is that the steel reinforcement cage has lateral tension rib;The both ends of the tension rib Expose and formed annular ring from the steel reinforcement cage two sides, it is described exempt to tear open exempt from support shuttering have stretch out described in exempt to tear open and exempt from branch hold mode Reinforced hook outside plate;The Reinforced hook hooks annular ring.
Above scheme is further improvement is that the steel reinforcement cage has lateral tension rib;The both ends of the tension rib From the steel reinforcement cage two sides expose, it is described exempt to tear open exempt from support shuttering have stretch out described in exempt to tear the steel pipe exempted from outside support shuttering open; The steel pipe accommodates the part from steel reinforcement cage stretching of the tension rib, and is connected therewith.
Above scheme is made further improvement is that the full prefabricated panel of steel reinforcement cage and concrete;The reinforcing bar Also there is the steel pipe being vertically arranged in cage;The steel pipe exposes from the wallboard upper and lower ends, and is set with method in exposed portion Blue disk;The steel reinforcement cage has transverse steel, has several annulus on the transverse steel;The steel pipe passes through the annulus; Expose and form the reinforced steel bar ring in the left and right ends of the transverse steel from the wallboard.
Above scheme is further improvement is that half prefabricated panel is steel reinforcement cage to be made to steel grid piece, and pour Concrete is built, the armoured concrete slab of 50mm thickness is made;And several tension rib shapes are set between the armoured concrete slab described in two panels At the wallboard of 200mm thickness, the voided layer of 100mm wide is formed between armoured concrete slab described in two panels;In half prefabricated panel After installation, the fill concrete in the voided layer.
Above scheme is made of further improvement is that the concrete hollow block wallboard concrete hollow block; The concrete hollow block has through-hole;It is equipped with reinforcing bar or steel pipe in the through-hole, and is perfused with concrete;The wallboard Interior to have transverse steel, the transverse steel exposes the reinforced steel bar ring from the left and right ends of the wallboard.
Above scheme is further improvement is that the aerated concrete wall panel, concrete side plate and position including two sides Aerated blocks between the side plate;The side plate is connect with aerated blocks by reinforcing bar;Have in the aerated concrete wall panel Through-hole up and down is disposed in the through-hole from top to bottom through the aerated concrete wall panel so as to upper and lower floor wallboard The reinforcing bar or steel pipe of docking, and concrete perfusion.
Above scheme is further improvement is that two end of master (perpendicular) muscle of steel grid piece is equipped in half prefabricated panel Casing, casing are externally provided with screw thread, and are prefabricated with outer tube outside casing at one end, which is correspondingly provided with screw thread, in wall Twisting outer tube up or down after plate lifting is in place is that floor main reinforcement is integral above and below being spirally connected.
Construction wall provided by the utility model is adapted to a variety of different walls, can be used as load bearing wall, non-bearing Wall uses, whole to use modularized design, can be assembled by tooling, a large amount of to save manpower and working hour.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is described in further detail with reference to the accompanying drawing:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of L shape column in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of T shape column in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the reinforcement cage structure schematic diagram of the cast-in-place wallboard in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 4 be in one preferred embodiment of the utility model exempt to tear open using bilateral exempt from support shuttering cast-in-place wall it is hardened Structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is the full precast wall panel structure schematic diagram in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 6 is the aerated concrete wall panel structural schematic diagram in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 7 is the building-block panel structure schematic diagram in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Fig. 8 is half precast wall panel structure schematic diagram in one preferred embodiment of the utility model.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment
The construction wall of the present embodiment, comprising: L shape column, T shape column and wallboard.Wherein, the corner that L shape column forms wall is made For the connecting column of two wallboards, T shape column forms three wallboard connecting columns;
Cross section such as Fig. 1, L shape column is L-shaped, and the centre of L shape column has the first vertical reinforced hole, and both ends of the surface have perpendicular The first straight steel bar groove;Several first transverse steels are disposed in L shape column from top to bottom;Have corresponding the on first transverse steel First reinforced steel bar ring 2 of one reinforced hole and the first end ring 1 of corresponding first steel bar groove;L shape column is formed by formwork erection concreting Or it is bonded by several L shape blocks stacking.
Cross section such as Fig. 2, T shape column is T-shaped, and the centre of T shape column has the first vertical reinforced hole, and three end faces have perpendicular The second straight steel bar groove;Several second transverse steels are disposed in T shape column from top to bottom;Have corresponding the on second transverse steel Second reinforced steel bar ring 4 of two reinforced holes and the second end ring 3 of corresponding second steel bar groove;T shape column is formed by formwork erection concreting Or it is bonded by several T-shaped blocks stacking.
There are several third transverse steels arranged from top to bottom, third transverse steel exposes in wallboard two sides in wallboard There is reinforced steel bar ring;Reinforced steel bar ring can be with 1 lap fit of first end ring, and after reinforced steel bar ring is Chong Die with first end ring 1, centre is fitted with Reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and it is filled with concrete;Reinforced steel bar ring can also be with 3 lap fit of the second end ring, reinforced steel bar ring and the second end After ring 3 is overlapped, centre is fitted with reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and is filled with concrete.
In the present embodiment, as construction wall, wallboard includes load-bearing wall panel and non-bearing wallboard;Load-bearing wall panel is complete cast-in-place One of wallboard, full prefabricated panel or half prefabricated panel are a variety of mixed;Non-bearing wallboard is concrete hollow block wallboard Or aerated concrete wall panel or both is mixed.
Complete cast-in-place wallboard is made of following methods:
Step 1: steel reinforcement cage 7 is made using reinforcing bar according to wallboard size;And cloth is respectively separated in the upper and lower side of steel reinforcement cage 7 Set positioning steel tube 8;Ring flange 9 is arranged on positioning steel tube 8;Positioning steel tube 8 is located at the punching of the part in steel reinforcement cage 7, hollow out;Such as Fig. 3;
Exempt from support shuttering step 2: being disposed with to exempt to tear open in two outsides of steel reinforcement cage 7;When cast-in-place wallboard is as inner wall of building When, exempt to tear open the thickness for exempting from support shuttering less than or equal to 20mm;When cast-in-place wallboard is as external wall, exempts to tear open and exempt from support shuttering Thickness is more than or equal to 40mm;Then, exempt to arrange integral decorative plate on the outside of support shuttering exempting to tear open as needed;A left side for steel reinforcement cage 7 Right both ends have reinforced steel bar ring;In the present embodiment, reinforced steel bar ring be it is rectangular, reinforced steel bar ring concrete shape is not important, as long as can with first, The second end ring lap fit simultaneously can accommodate steel pipe or reinforcing bar;
Exempt to tear the cast-in-place wallboard for exempting from support shuttering open using the two sides of such as Fig. 4, is the tension rib that side is first extended through to steel reinforcement cage Overhanging section of reinforcing bar and stretch out the protruding bar of insulation board and weld, other side plate body is equipped with exempting to tear open and exempting to support for overhanging small steel pipe Template be hung on overhanging section of steel reinforcement cage tension rib it is upper or on the outside of the template in pore by weldering or bonding it is firm;With reinforcing bar cage hoisting Cast in situs vibrated concrete ensures not swollen mould afterwards, and bracing reinforcement part is arranged in watchman's wooden clapper formwork supporting plate after cage of wire-tiing again more at the scene, pours Supporting element and template are also removed after building concrete, pair is called and exempts from;
Step 3: installing supporting rod 11 additional on the outside of section of jurisdiction frame 10, the both ends of supporting rod 11 are fixed with positioning steel tube 8 respectively to be connected It connects;
Step 4: casting concrete and to its solidification;
Step 5: removing section of jurisdiction frame 10 and supporting rod 11.
Steel reinforcement cage 7 and tearing open exempts from support shuttering with a variety of connection types, has lateral tension rib one is steel reinforcement cage 7; Annular ring is exposed and formed in the two sides of the both ends of tension rib from steel reinforcement cage 7, and the diameter of annular ring arrives 18mm 12, exempts to tear open and exempt to prop up Hold mode plate, which has to stretch out, exempts to tear the Reinforced hook exempted from outside support shuttering open;The bar diameter of Reinforced hook is 8 to 12mm, and Reinforced hook hooks ring Shape circle.
Another kind is that steel reinforcement cage 7 has lateral tension rib;The both ends of tension rib are exposed from the two sides of steel reinforcement cage 7, are exempted from Tear open exempt from support shuttering have stretch out exempt to tear the steel pipe exempted from outside support shuttering open;Steel pipe accommodates the portion from steel reinforcement cage stretching of tension rib Point, and weld or bond therewith and be connected.
Both the above mode, which can will be exempted to tear open, to be exempted from support shuttering and steel reinforcement cage 7 and is connected to be integral, to accomplish to exempt to tear open Exempt from exempting to tear open and exempting to support for support shuttering.
There is hound fixing seat and floor joist frame mounting base on supporting rod 11;In this way, floor joist can be fixed on In floor joist frame mounting base, and increases diagonal brace in hound fixing seat and support, it may be convenient to floor installation exercise is carried out, Floor is removed again after the installation is completed.
Such as Fig. 5, full prefabricated panel is made of steel reinforcement cage and concrete;Also there is the steel pipe being vertically arranged in steel reinforcement cage;Steel Pipe exposes from wallboard upper and lower ends, and is set with ring flange in exposed portion;Steel reinforcement cage has transverse steel, has on transverse steel There are several annulus;Steel pipe passes through annulus;Transverse steel exposes from the left and right ends of wallboard and forms reinforced steel bar ring.
Such as Fig. 6, aerated concrete wall panel includes the concrete side plate 12 of two sides and the aerated blocks 13 between side plate;Side Plate 12 is connect with aerated blocks 13 by reinforcing bar;There is through-hole up and down on aerated blocks 13, be disposed with reinforcing bar or steel in through-hole Pipe, and concrete perfusion;Side plate 12 can equally increase supporting rod, convenient for the installation of fixed and floor.
Such as Fig. 7, building-block wallboard is bonded by building-block stacking, in order to increase intensity, among it arrangement by The two sides of steel pipe and reinforcing bar, wallboard equally have reinforced steel bar ring.
Such as Fig. 8, half prefabricated panel is that steel reinforcement cage is made to steel grid piece, and the steel of 50mm thickness is made in and casting concrete Reinforced concrete plate;And the wallboard that several tension ribs form 200mm thickness, two panels reinforced concrete are set between two panels armoured concrete slab The voided layer of 100mm wide is formed between native plate;After the installation of half prefabricated panel, the fill concrete in voided layer.
When wallboard and L shape column 1 connect, by reinforced steel bar ring and 1 lap fit of first end ring, later in the intermediate inserting of two rings Reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and fill concrete;When wallboard and T shape column 2 connect, by reinforced steel bar ring and 3 ring lap fit of the second end, later In the intermediate inserting reinforcing bar or steel pipe of two rings, and it is filled with concrete.In this way, wall assembling can be carried out easily.May be used also To be installed using the automation that mechanical arm carries out wallboard after L shape column, T shape column install.Steel pipe can effectively improve wall The intensity of plate, also, ring flange is set on steel pipe, it may be convenient to the wallboard assembling for carrying out upper and lower level can also carry out attached Add structure, such as the installation of supporting rod.It can be convenient the installation of floor plates by supporting rod.
Annular ring in the present embodiment is to be formed by tension rib bent upon itself or weld small steel pipe system by tension rib two ends At
The utility model is not limited to the above embodiment.All technical solutions formed using equivalent replacement, all fall within this reality With the protection scope of novel requirement.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of construction wall characterized by comprising L shape column, T shape column and wallboard;The L shape column forms the corner of wall As the connecting column of two wallboards, the T shape column forms three wallboard connecting columns;The cross section of the L shape column is L-shaped, the L shape column Centre the first reinforced hole for having at least one vertical, both ends of the surface have the first vertical steel bar groove;From upper in the L shape column Several first transverse steels are disposed under;There is the first reinforcing bar of corresponding first reinforced hole on first transverse steel The first end ring of ring and corresponding first steel bar groove;The L shape column is formed by concreting or is stacked by several L shape blocks It forms;The cross section of the T shape column is T-shaped, the second reinforced hole that the centre of the T shape column has at least one vertical, three ends Face has the second vertical steel bar groove;Several second transverse steels are disposed in the T shape column from top to bottom;Described second laterally There is the second reinforced steel bar ring of corresponding second reinforced hole and the second end ring of corresponding second steel bar groove on reinforcing bar;It is described T shape column is formed by concreting or is stacked by several T-shaped blocks;There are in the wallboard several the arranged from top to bottom Three transverse steels, the third transverse steel exposes in the wallboard two sides reinforced steel bar ring;The reinforced steel bar ring can with it is described First end ring lap fit, after the reinforced steel bar ring is Chong Die with the first end ring, centre is fitted with reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and fills out Filled with concrete;The reinforced steel bar ring can also be with the second end ring lap fit, the reinforced steel bar ring and the second end After ring overlapping, centre is fitted with reinforcing bar or steel pipe, and is filled with concrete.
2. construction wall as described in claim 1, it is characterised in that: wallboard includes load-bearing wall panel and non-bearing wallboard;It is described Load-bearing wall panel is the combination of one or more of complete cast-in-place wallboard, full prefabricated panel or half prefabricated panel;The non-bearing wallboard It is concrete hollow block wallboard or aerated concrete wall panel.
3. construction wall as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the full prefabricated panel, by steel reinforcement cage and concrete system At;The steel reinforcement cage is equipped at intervals with vertical steel pipe;The steel pipe exposes from the wallboard upper and lower ends, and covers in exposed portion Equipped with ring flange;The steel reinforcement cage has transverse steel, has several horizontal loops on the transverse steel;The steel pipe passes through institute State horizontal loops;Expose and form the reinforced steel bar ring in the left and right ends of the transverse steel from the wallboard.
4. construction wall as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: half prefabricated panel is that steel mesh is made in steel reinforcement cage The armoured concrete slab of 50mm thickness is made in lattice piece, and casting concrete;And it is set between the armoured concrete slab described in two panels several Tension rib forms the wallboard of 200mm thickness, and the voided layer of 100mm wide is formed between armoured concrete slab described in two panels;Described half After prefabricated panel installation, the fill concrete in the voided layer.
5. construction wall as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the concrete hollow block wallboard, by concrete sky Heart building block composition;The concrete hollow block has through-hole;It is equipped with reinforcing bar or steel pipe in the through-hole, and is perfused with coagulation Soil;There is transverse steel, the transverse steel exposes the reinforced steel bar ring from the left and right ends of the wallboard in the wallboard.
6. construction wall as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: the aerated concrete wall panel, the coagulation including two sides Native side plate and the aerated blocks between the side plate;The side plate is connect with aerated blocks by reinforcing bar;The air entrained concrete There is through-hole up and down in wallboard, be disposed in the through-hole from top to bottom through the aerated concrete wall panel so as to upper The reinforcing bar or steel pipe of lower floor wallboard docking, and concrete perfusion.
7. construction wall as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the vertical bar two of steel grid piece in half prefabricated panel End is equipped with casing, and casing is externally provided with screw thread, and is prefabricated with outer tube outside casing at one end, which is correspondingly provided with spiral shell Line, twisting outer tube up or down after wallboard lifting is in place is that floor main reinforcement is integral above and below being spirally connected.
CN201820627589.1U 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of construction wall Active CN208184021U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820627589.1U CN208184021U (en) 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of construction wall

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820627589.1U CN208184021U (en) 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of construction wall

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208184021U true CN208184021U (en) 2018-12-04

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Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820627589.1U Active CN208184021U (en) 2018-04-28 2018-04-28 A kind of construction wall

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN208184021U (en)

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