CN208133620U - Lateral 3D printer - Google Patents

Lateral 3D printer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208133620U
CN208133620U CN201820398318.3U CN201820398318U CN208133620U CN 208133620 U CN208133620 U CN 208133620U CN 201820398318 U CN201820398318 U CN 201820398318U CN 208133620 U CN208133620 U CN 208133620U
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China
Prior art keywords
axis
print head
introduction
lead screw
drive system
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Active
Application number
CN201820398318.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王罡
蔡树涛
吕昊屹
陈俊廷
郑天棋
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Tsinghua University
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Tsinghua University
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Priority to CN201820398318.3U priority Critical patent/CN208133620U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of lateral 3D printer, and the transverse direction 3D printer includes print head, introduction and drive system, and the introduction is used to accept the lamella of the printhead prints;Drive system, the drive system is connected with the print head, the introduction respectively, the drive system can drive the print head to move respectively along Y-axis and Z-direction, the drive system can drive the introduction to move in the X-axis direction, the X-axis, the Y-axis, the Z axis constitute cartesian coordinate system, wherein, the introduction is moved as unit of setting length, and the setting length is equal to the lamellar spacing of print head single printing.One in the length size for the workpiece that can be printed according to the lateral 3D printer of the utility model embodiment is not influenced by printing frame, and the workpiece of printing is more diversified.

Description

Lateral 3D printer
Technical field
The utility model relates to advanced material increasing field more particularly to a kind of lateral 3D printers.
Background technique
Existing 3D printer generallys use vertical printing mechanism to carry out the printing of workpiece.Heating nozzle is according to the water of workpiece Plane section profile information, makees the movement on X-Y plane, and thermoplasticity filamentary material is sent to hot melt spray head by wire squeezes mechanism, and It is heated to melting in hot melt spray head, as subsequent silk is squeezed into, the consumptive material of thawing is coated on printing machine bottom board platform, after cooling Form one layer of thin slice.After the completion of one layer cross section, bottom plate platform declines the height of a thin slice, then carries out next layer of thawing and cover Lid, loops back and forth like this, finally prints complete workpiece.
The workpiece size that the 3D printer of conventional vertical formula printing prints will receive the pact of printer frame size itself Beam.For vertical printer in printing, the size for printing bottom plate determines the maximum cross-sectional sizes of workpiece, to limit workpiece Length and width size.As soon as the printing head needs printed vertically move on the platform for being parallel to X-Y plane, this needs one Vertical braced frame is organized to support printing head in printing plane motion, therefore workpiece is height-limited in support printing head Vertical frame.In conclusion the workpiece size printed can not be more than the size of 3D printer frame.In length and height Under limitation, it is more regular (workpiece that length is closer to) that vertical printer is suitable for stamp with the size, and in printing purlin When the leptosomatic workpiece such as frame, it is necessary to which the height for extending vertical braced frame can make after frame extends to certain altitude The position of centre of gravity of 3D printer is promoted, and reduces stability when printing, and belt drives the vibration generated when print head high-speed motion Influence to workpiece can amplify, to reduce printing precision and workpiece straightness.Therefore vertical printer is due to bottom plate and frame Constraint, it is difficult to realize that printer completes the diversified print out task of the different workpiece of different shape, depth-width ratio.
Utility model content
The utility model aims to solve at least one of the technical problems existing in the prior art.For this purpose, the utility model mentions A kind of lateral 3D printer out, one in the length size for the workpiece that the transverse direction 3D printer can print by not beating Print the influence of frame.
According to the lateral 3D printer of the utility model embodiment, including:Print head;Introduction, the introduction is for accepting The lamella of the printhead prints;Drive system, the drive system is connected with the print head, the introduction respectively, described Drive system can drive the print head to move respectively along Y-axis and Z-direction, and the drive system can drive the introduction along X Axis direction movement, the X-axis, the Y-axis, the Z axis constitute cartesian coordinate system, wherein the introduction with set length as Unit is mobile, and the setting length is equal to the lamellar spacing of print head single printing.
According to the lateral 3D printer of the utility model embodiment, since print head can move respectively along Y-axis and Z axis, and The introduction for accepting printhead prints lamella can move in the X-axis direction, therefore the length of the workpiece that can print of lateral 3D printer, One in wide, high size is not influenced by printing frame, and the workpiece of printing is more diversified.
In some embodiments, the drive system includes:Z axis supporting beam;Z axis sliding block, the Z axis sliding block can be with respect to institutes The sliding of Z axis supporting beam is stated, the print head is installed on the Z axis sliding block.
Specifically, the drive system further includes:Z axis lead screw, the Z axis lead screw is located in the Z axis supporting beam, described Z axis lead screw is connected with the Z axis sliding block;Z axis driving motor, the Z axis driving motor drive the Z axis lead screw rotation so that institute State the relatively described Z axis supporting beam sliding of Z axis sliding block.
In some embodiments, the drive system includes:Y-axis supporting beam;Y-axis sliding block, the Y-axis sliding block can be with respect to institutes The sliding of Y-axis supporting beam is stated, the Z axis supporting beam is installed on the platform of the Y-axis sliding block.
Specifically, the drive system further includes:Y-axis lead screw, the Y-axis lead screw are connected in the Y-axis supporting beam, institute Y-axis lead screw is stated to be connected with the Y-axis sliding block;Y-axis driving motor, the Y-axis driving motor drive the Y-axis lead screw to rotate so that The relatively described Y-axis supporting beam sliding of the Y-axis sliding block.
In some embodiments, the drive system further includes:Push rod device, the push rod device is for pushing described draw Son is directed away from the side movement of the print head;X-axis driving motor, the X driving motor is for driving the push rod device Movement.
Specifically, the push rod device includes:X-axis lead screw, the motor shaft of the X-axis lead screw and the X-axis driving motor It is connected;Push plate, the push plate are connected with the X-axis lead screw, and in X-axis lead screw rotation, the push plate is moved along the x-axis and pushed away Move the introduction movement.
More specifically, the push rod device further includes:Connecting plate, the connecting plate is by being threadedly engaged in the X-axis silk On thick stick, the push plate is spaced apart setting with the connecting plate;Connecting rod, the connecting rod are connected to the connecting plate and described push away Between plate;Wherein, the print head is located between the push plate and the connecting plate, and the push plate is equipped with the corresponding printing The aperture on the head of head.
In some embodiments, the drive system using three stepper motors respectively drives the print head, described draws Son movement.
In some embodiments, the lateral 3D printer further includes:Support base, the support base are used to support institute State introduction.
The additional aspect and advantage of the utility model will be set forth in part in the description, partially will be from following description In become obvious, or recognized by the practice of the utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
The above-mentioned and/or additional aspect and advantage of the utility model from the description of the embodiment in conjunction with the following figures will Become obvious and is readily appreciated that, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the perspective view of the landscape orientation machine of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 2 is the front view of the landscape orientation machine of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 3 is the top view of the landscape orientation machine of the utility model embodiment.
Fig. 4 is the side view of the landscape orientation machine of the utility model embodiment.
Appended drawing reference:
Lateral 3D printer 10,
Print head 100,
Introduction 200,
Drive system 300,
Z axis supporting beam 311, Z axis lead screw 312, Z axis sliding block 313, Z axis driving motor 314,
Y-axis supporting beam 321, Y-axis lead screw 322, Y-axis sliding block 323, Y-axis driving motor 324,
X-axis driving motor 331,
Push rod device 340, push plate 341, connecting plate 342, connecting rod 343,
Support base 400.
Specific embodiment
The embodiments of the present invention are described below in detail, examples of the embodiments are shown in the accompanying drawings, wherein from beginning Same or similar element or element with the same or similar functions are indicated to same or similar label eventually.Below by ginseng The embodiment for examining attached drawing description is exemplary, and is only used for explaining the utility model, and should not be understood as to the utility model Limitation.
In the description of the present invention, it should be understood that term " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width Degree ", " thickness ", "upper", "lower", "front", "rear", "left", "right", "vertical", "horizontal", "top", "bottom" "inner", "outside", " suitable The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as hour hands ", " counterclockwise ", " axial direction ", " radial direction ", " circumferential direction " is orientation based on the figure Or positional relationship, be merely for convenience of describing the present invention and simplifying the description, rather than the device of indication or suggestion meaning or Element must have a particular orientation, be constructed and operated in a specific orientation, therefore should not be understood as the limit to the utility model System.In addition, defining " first ", the feature of " second " can explicitly or implicitly include one or more of the features. In the description of the present invention, unless otherwise indicated, the meaning of " plurality " is two or more.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified Dress ", " connected ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or integrally Connection;It can be mechanical connection, be also possible to be electrically connected;Can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, It can be the connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition The concrete meaning of language in the present invention.
Below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 4 description according to the specific structure of the lateral 3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment.
It include print head 100, introduction 200 and drive system according to the lateral 3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment 300.Introduction 200 be used for accept print head 100 printing lamella, drive system 300 respectively with print head 100,200 phase of introduction Even, drive system 300 can drive print head 100 to move respectively along Y-axis and Z-direction, and drive system 300 can drive introduction 200 It moves in the X-axis direction, X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis constitute cartesian coordinate system.Introduction 200 is moved as unit of setting length, setting length Degree is equal to the lamellar spacing of 100 single of print head printing.
It should be noted that since print head 100 can move respectively along Y-axis and Z axis, and accept print head 100 and print piece The introduction 200 of layer can move in the X-axis direction.Therefore, the utility model embodiment 3D printer utilize " FDM " fusion sediment at Type technology is to rely on introduction 200, and print head 100 printed in Y-Z plane, it is every printed one layer after, by drive system The direction that introduction 200 is directed away from print head 100 is set length as unit movement by 300.Since setting length is equal to print head The lamellar spacing of 100 singles printing, so that is just printed flat has advanced the thickness of a lamella away from 100 direction of print head Degree.To reserve print space to next plane, moves in circles as a cycle and completed until printing.It can according to narration Know, the X-direction of the lateral 3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment does not constrain, therefore can theoretically print endless Degree.
The problem of being limited for the workpiece that conventional printer prints by printing bottom plate size, the utility model embodiment 200 part of introduction of lateral 3D printer 10 is equivalent to the printing bottom plate of vertical printer, but differs in that, vertical is beaten The printing bottom plate of print machine has been just fixed size after groups of printers takes on factory, can not be changed.And the transverse direction of the present embodiment The introduction 200 of 3D printer 10 can be substituted for corresponding arbitrary dimension according to the cross-sectional sizes demand of workpiece, only need to will be electric The origin of brain control program adjusts accordingly can be completed corresponding task.Meanwhile each layer that vertical printer prints is cut Face is all to be located at spray head to be formed by frame with fuselage, and the introduction 200 of the lateral 3D printer 10 of the present embodiment is to be located at Print head 100 and the platform for carrying print head 100 are formed by except frame, therefore, the lateral 3D printer 10 of the present embodiment The length and width size for the workpiece that can be printed is not printed bottom plate by vertical printer and printer frame structure is limited.
For the height-limited vertical frame in support printing head for the workpiece that conventional printer prints, that is, print Workpiece size can not be more than this problem of the size of 3D printer frame, the lateral 3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment X-axis can be abstracted as a ray, i.e. 200 part of introduction of printing initial part is an endpoint, and the X-axis drawn is square To can theoretically extend to infinite point.The workpiece printed is every to have printed one layer, can be from drive system 300 to X-axis just Direction pushes the thickness of a lamella, in cycles, until the length of workpiece reaches necessary requirement.
In conclusion the lateral 3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment in three X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis directions one A direction there is no limit, therefore one in the length size of workpiece that can print of lateral 3D printer 10 not by The influence of frame is printed, so that the kinematic dexterity of print head 100 greatly enhances, the workpiece of printing is more diversified.
It should be noted that X-axis, Y-axis, Z-direction can be arbitrarily designated, also in the embodiments of the present invention It is to say, the direction of X-axis both may be the length direction of workpiece, it is also possible to the width direction of workpiece, it is also possible to the height of workpiece Direction is spent, it is not air exercise that X-axis, Y-axis, Z-direction here, which is only used for distinguishing the direction of motion of print head 100 and introduction 200, Print the limitation of head 100 and 200 direction of motion of introduction.Certainly, X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis can be vertical two-by-two, can also be mutually inclined and set It sets.
According to the lateral 3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment, since print head 100 can be transported respectively along Y-axis and Z axis It is dynamic, and the introduction 200 for accepting the printing lamella of print head 100 can move in the X-axis direction, therefore lateral 3D printer 10 can be beaten One in the length size of the workpiece of print is not influenced by printing frame, and the workpiece of printing is more diversified.
Additional description is needed, in the embodiments of the present invention, when the workpiece printed is continuous in the horizontal direction When extension, the size of the vertical direction of workpiece can't generate any variation, and the frame of lateral 3D printer 10 itself also need not Adjustment in any size only need in the horizontal direction provide workpiece some appropriate for offsetting the support construction of gravity , therefore whole height of C.G. does not generate variation, and stability when printing is unrelated with the Workpiece length printed, makes Do not change substantially when obtaining the workpiece of 10 centimeter lengths of height of C.G. and printing in printing special-shaped workpiece, such as 10 meters of long truss. While height of C.G. is constant, due to the two sides support construction face contact with lateral 3D printer 10 always of workpiece, simultaneously The new printing workpiece portion extended also has new lower section supporting structure to provide support to it, greatly improves lateral 3D printing The printing stability of machine 10.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, drive system 300 includes Z axis supporting beam 311 and Z axis sliding block 313, Z axis Sliding block 313 is slidably disposed in Z axis supporting beam 311, and print head 100 is equipped on Z axis sliding block 313.It is driven compared to conventional belt The dynamic cephalomotor 3D printer of printing, the lateral FDM3D printer 10 of the utility model embodiment is by the way of sliding block sliding Print head 100 is driven to move, print head 100 moves more stable, reduces conventional printer since belt shake is brought Printing error.
Specifically, drive system 300 further includes Z axis lead screw 312 and Z axis driving motor 314, and Z axis lead screw 312 is located at Z axis In supporting beam 311, Z axis lead screw 312 is connected with Z axis sliding block 313, and Z axis driving motor 314 drives the rotation of Z axis lead screw 312 so that Z Axis sliding block 313 is slided with respect to Z axis supporting beam 311.It is understood that lead screw has self-locking function, Z axis sliding block 313 is avoided The phenomenon that being damaged when not printing due to gravity landing.Certainly, what needs to be explained here is that, print head 100 is driven Motion structure can also have other modes, for example, linear motor driving Z axis sliding block 313 with respect to Z axis supporting beam 311 slide, again For example, Z axis supporting beam 311 is equipped with transmission chain, print head 100 is located on transmission chain.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, drive system 300 includes Y-axis supporting beam 321 and Y-axis sliding block 323, Y-axis Sliding block 323 is slidably disposed in Y-axis supporting beam 321, and Z axis supporting beam 311 is equipped on Y-axis sliding block 323.Z axis supports as a result, Beam 311 can more smoothly opposite Y-axis supporting beam 321 be slided, so that print head 100 is also more steady along the movement of Y-axis, from And the printing precision of print head 100 is improved to a certain extent.
Specifically, drive system 300 further includes Y-axis lead screw 322 and Y-axis driving motor 324, and Y-axis lead screw 322 is connected to Y In axis supporting beam 321, Y-axis lead screw 322 is connected with Y-axis sliding block 323, Y-axis driving motor 324 drive Y-axis lead screw 322 rotate so that Y-axis sliding block 323 is slided with respect to Y-axis supporting beam 321.Z axis supporting beam 311 can more stable opposite Y-axis supporting beam as a result, 321 slidings, so that print head 100 is also more steady along the movement of Y-axis, to improve beating for print head 100 to a certain extent Print precision.Certainly, what needs to be explained here is that, the motion structure of driving Z axis supporting beam 311 can also have other modes, for example, Linear motor drives Z axis supporting beam 311 to slide with respect to Y-axis supporting beam 321, in another example, Y-axis supporting beam 321 is equipped with transmission chain, Z axis supporting beam 311 is located on transmission chain.
In some embodiments, as shown in Figure 1, drive system 300 further includes push rod device 340 and X-axis driving motor 331, the side movement that push rod device 340 is used to that introduction 200 to be pushed to be directed away from print head 100, X-axis driving motor 331 is used for Driving push rod device 340 moves.Thus, it is possible to make introduction 200 during exercise, it is more smoothly directed away from print head 100 Direction movement.Advantageously, X-axis driving motor 331 drives worm and gear movement, and a part of push rod device 340 is formed as snail Bar.The transmission force of worm gear mechanism is larger, can guarantee the smooth motion of introduction 200.
Specifically, push rod device 340 includes X-axis lead screw (not shown go out) and push plate 341, X-axis lead screw and X-axis driving motor 331 motor shaft is connected, and push plate 341 is connected with X-axis lead screw, and in the rotation of X-axis lead screw, push plate 341, which is moved along the x-axis and pushed, draws Son 200 moves.Thus, it is possible to be further ensured that introduction 200 can be more smoothly moved.Advantageously, the area of push plate 341 is most Big one side is for pushing introduction 200 to move.The contact area that push plate 341 Yu introduction 200 can be increased in this way, reduces push plate Pressure between 341 and introduction 200 reduces push plate 341 and damages the probability that print head 100 newly prints synusia by pressure.
More specifically, push rod device 340 further includes connecting plate 342 and connecting rod 343, connecting plate 342 is by being threadedly engaged On X-axis lead screw, push plate 341 is spaced apart setting with connecting plate 342, connecting rod 343 be connected to connecting plate 342 and push plate 341 it Between.Print head 100 is located between push plate 341 and connecting plate 342, and push plate 341 is equipped with opening for the head of corresponding print head 100 Hole.It is understood that improving lateral FDM3D printing when print head 100 is mounted between push plate 341 and connecting plate 342 The space utilization rate of machine 10, reduces the size of landscape orientation machine, to reduce being produced into for lateral FDM3D printer 10 This.
In some embodiments, drive system 300 respectively drives print head 100, the fortune of introduction 200 using three stepper motors It is dynamic.Since the movement of introduction 200 is that (synusia thickness refers to the thickness for the lamella that 3D printer prints each time with synusia thickness Degree) be unit move, the control section of drive system 300 can be made relatively simple using stepper motor, and kinematic accuracy compared with It is high.Certainly, drive system 300 can also respectively drive print head 100 using three servo motors and introduction 200 moves.
In some embodiments, lateral 3D printer 10 further includes support base 400, and support base 400 is used to support introduction 200.It is understood that when print lamella is more and more, when workpiece is more and more longer along the size of X-axis, workpiece in order to prevent It is sagging under gravity, multiple support bases 400 can be increased in the lower section of introduction 200, to offset the gravity of introduction 200.
The lateral 3D printer 10 of one specific embodiment of the utility model is described below with reference to Fig. 1-Fig. 4.
The lateral 3D printer 10 of the present embodiment includes workbench, print head 100, introduction 200,300 and of drive system Support base 400.
Introduction 200 be used for accept print head 100 printing lamella, drive system 300 respectively with print head 100, introduction 200 It is connected, drive system 300 can drive print head 100 to move respectively along Y-axis and Z-direction, and drive system 300 can drive introduction 200 move in the X-axis direction, and X-axis, Y-axis, Z axis constitute cartesian coordinate system.Introduction 200 is moved as unit of setting length, setting Length is equal to the lamellar spacing of 100 single of print head printing.Support base 400 is used to support introduction 200 and print head 100 prints Workpiece.Print head 100, introduction 200, drive system 300 and support base 400 are both placed on workbench.
Drive system 300 includes Z axis supporting beam 311, Z axis lead screw 312, Z axis sliding block 313 and Z axis driving motor 314, Z axis Lead screw 312 is located in Z axis supporting beam 311, and Z axis lead screw 312 is connected through a screw thread with Z axis sliding block 313, and print head 100 is located at Z axis On sliding block 313, Z axis driving motor 314 drive Z axis lead screw 312 rotate so that Z axis sliding block 313 with respect to Z axis supporting beam 311 slide, So that print head 100 can be slided along Z-direction.
Drive system 300 further includes Y-axis supporting beam 321, Y-axis lead screw 322, Y-axis sliding block 323 and Y-axis driving motor 324, Y Axial filament thick stick 322 is located in Y-axis supporting beam 321, and Y-axis lead screw 322 is connected with Y-axis sliding block 323 by screw thread, and Z axis supporting beam 311 connects It connects on Y-axis sliding block 323, Y-axis lead screw 322 is driven to rotate for Y-axis driving motor 324 so that Y-axis sliding block 323 is with respect to Y-axis supporting beam 321 slidings, so that print head 100 can slide along the y axis.
Drive system 300 further includes X-axis driving motor 331 and push rod device 340 includes X-axis lead screw, push plate 341, connection Plate 342 and connecting rod 343, X-axis lead screw are connected with the motor shaft of X-axis driving motor 331, and connecting plate 342 is by being threadedly engaged in X On axial filament thick stick, push plate 341 is spaced apart setting with connecting plate 342, and connecting rod 343 is connected between connecting plate 342 and push plate 341. Print head 100 is located between push plate 341 and connecting plate 342, and push plate 341 is equipped with the aperture on the head of corresponding print head 100.
When in use, lateral 3D printer 10 is integrally placed in a plane for the lateral 3D printer 10 of the present embodiment (on table or on the ground), checks whether desktop or ground are smooth, and workbench is enabled to fit closely with desktop and ground.Confirm it is errorless after Be powered booting, and lateral 3D printer 10 controls X-axis driving motor 331, Y-axis driving motor 324 and Z axis the driving electricity of X, Y, Z axis Machine 314 is zeroed and resets respectively.
When printing, print head 100 is first preheating to corresponding temperature according to corresponding wire rod (PLA or ABS), drives print head The work stepper motor of 100 work starts to squeeze wire rod, before the wire rod squeezed out after heating is contacted and adhered to molten condition On the ready introduction 200 for being placed in main support structure.It is constantly cooled to room temperature and solidifies after contact, with introduction 200 It is integrated.The position for controlling the Y-Z plane of Y-axis driving motor 324 and the control print head 100 of Z axis driving motor 314, is covered After the route of algorithmic rule, a synusia just prints completion, and control X-axis driving motor 331 pushes this just printed Synusia marches forward 0.2mm (thickness of i.e. one synusia) to X-axis pros, to next layer of printing slot milling.According to workpiece ruler Very little requirement, continuous duplicate printing and this two step of propulsion, until Workpiece length reaches demand.When workpiece is longer, in print procedure, Artificially support base 400 appropriate is added to offset gravity suffered by workpiece, to guarantee workpiece straightness in workpiece bottom.
Compared with prior art, the lateral 3D printer 10 of the present embodiment is created in structure and printing production mode reform Newly, traditional vertical 3D printing technique is abandoned.The lateral 3D printer 10 of the present embodiment uses X-axis open by design, makes The workpiece that must be printed theoretically can achieve indefinite length.The design of landscape orientation and the design reduction that belt is substituted with lead screw Influence of the vibration to print procedure requires to provide guarantee to the straightness of workpiece.Support base 400 connects with the workpiece printed Contacting surface product is larger, reduces in print procedure because shaking the influence to workpiece.Simultaneously as in horizontal print procedure, with work The height of the growth of part, lateral 3D printer 10 and workpiece entirety center of gravity does not generate variation so that its print stability and The Workpiece length printed is unrelated, improves lateral 3D printer 10 and prints unconventional shape (i.e. length difference is larger) work Stability when part.
In the description of this specification, reference term " one embodiment ", " some embodiments ", " illustrative examples ", The description of " example ", " specific example " or " some examples " etc. means specific features described in conjunction with this embodiment or example, knot Structure, material or feature are contained at least one embodiment or example of the utility model.In the present specification, to above-mentioned art The schematic representation of language may not refer to the same embodiment or example.Moreover, description specific features, structure, material or Person's feature can be combined in any suitable manner in any one or more of the embodiments or examples.
While there has been shown and described that the embodiments of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that: These embodiments can be carried out with a variety of variations, modification, replacement in the case where not departing from the principles of the present invention and objective And modification, the scope of the utility model are defined by the claims and their equivalents.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of transverse direction 3D printer, which is characterized in that including:
Print head;
Introduction, the introduction are used to accept the lamella of the printhead prints;
Drive system, the drive system are connected with the print head, the introduction respectively, and the drive system can drive described Print head moves respectively along Y-axis and Z-direction, and the drive system can drive the introduction to move in the X-axis direction, the X-axis, The Y-axis, the Z axis constitute cartesian coordinate system, wherein
The introduction is moved as unit of setting length, and the setting length is equal to the piece thickness of print head single printing Degree.
2. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drive system includes:
Z axis supporting beam;
Z axis sliding block, the Z axis sliding block can Z axis supporting beam sliding relatively, the print head is installed on the Z axis sliding block.
3. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the drive system further includes:
Z axis lead screw, the Z axis lead screw are located in the Z axis supporting beam, and the Z axis lead screw is connected with the Z axis sliding block;
Z axis driving motor, the Z axis driving motor drive the Z axis lead screw rotation so that the relatively described Z axis of the Z axis sliding block Supporting beam sliding.
4. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the drive system includes:
Y-axis supporting beam;
Y-axis sliding block, the Y-axis sliding block can Y-axis supporting beam sliding relatively, the stage+module on the Y-axis sliding block has the Z Axis supporting beam.
5. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 4, which is characterized in that the drive system further includes:
Y-axis lead screw, the Y-axis lead screw are connected in the Y-axis supporting beam, and the Y-axis lead screw is connected with the Y-axis sliding block;
Y-axis driving motor, the Y-axis driving motor drive the Y-axis lead screw rotation so that the relatively described Y-axis of the Y-axis sliding block Supporting beam sliding.
6. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drive system further includes:
Push rod device, the side movement that the push rod device is used to that the introduction to be pushed to be directed away from the print head;
X-axis driving motor, the X-axis driving motor is for driving the push rod device to move.
7. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 6, which is characterized in that the push rod device includes:
X-axis lead screw, the X-axis lead screw are connected with the motor shaft of the X-axis driving motor;
Push plate, the push plate are connected with the X-axis lead screw, and in X-axis lead screw rotation, the push plate is moved along the x-axis and pushed The introduction movement.
8. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 7, which is characterized in that the push rod device further includes:
Connecting plate, by being threadedly engaged on the X-axis lead screw, the push plate opens up the connecting plate with the connecting plate interval It sets;
Connecting rod, the connecting rod are connected between the connecting plate and the push plate;Wherein,
The print head is located between the push plate and the connecting plate, and the push plate is equipped with the head of the corresponding print head Aperture.
9. transverse direction 3D printer according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the drive system uses three stepper motors Respectively drive the print head, introduction movement.
10. -9 described in any item lateral 3D printers according to claim 1, which is characterized in that further include:Support base, it is described Support base is used to support the introduction.
CN201820398318.3U 2018-03-22 2018-03-22 Lateral 3D printer Active CN208133620U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publication Number Publication Date
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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108381906A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-10 清华大学 Lateral 3D printer

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108381906A (en) * 2018-03-22 2018-08-10 清华大学 Lateral 3D printer

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