CN208128194U - Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker - Google Patents

Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208128194U
CN208128194U CN201820483364.3U CN201820483364U CN208128194U CN 208128194 U CN208128194 U CN 208128194U CN 201820483364 U CN201820483364 U CN 201820483364U CN 208128194 U CN208128194 U CN 208128194U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat pipe
baffle
transmission mechanism
evaporator section
condensation segment
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201820483364.3U
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
徐飞翔
王晶
施广伟
金苏敏
陈亮
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Nanjing Tech University
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Nanjing Tech University
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Nanjing Tech University filed Critical Nanjing Tech University
Priority to CN201820483364.3U priority Critical patent/CN208128194U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208128194U publication Critical patent/CN208128194U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/47Mountings or tracking
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker, which includes baffle, transmission mechanism I and separate heat pipe;The separate heat pipe includes evaporator section, power generating apparatus and condensation segment, and the evaporator section, power generating apparatus and condensation segment, which are sequentially connected to lead to by pipeline, forms circulation loop;When the baffle misalignment sun, the evaporator section and condensation segment of the separate heat pipe generate the temperature difference due to uneven heating, and then causing the gas in the power generating apparatus there are pressure difference generation power, the power generated by the power generating apparatus pushes baffle rotation to achieve the purpose that automatic sun-tracking to be directed at the sun by the transmission mechanism I.On the one hand the tracker itself does not consume the energy, on the other hand the principle for using for reference separate heat pipe makes baffle follow the direction of sun relative motion to rotate by intermittent mode segmentation automatically from east orientation west by initial position, provides the new research method of solar automatic tracking device.

Description

Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker
Technical field
The utility model relates to photovoltaic devices technical field, especially a kind of heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker.
Background technique
With the development of economy, social progress, people propose increasingly higher demands to the energy, and finding new energy becomes The urgent project that current mankind faces.Solar energy is a kind of clean reproducible new energy, is increasingly had been favored by people.
Solar power generation has become a kind of important means for obtaining electric power, is not restricted by region, route, weather etc., tool The advantage for having other power generation means irreplaceable.But the utilization of solar energy is by natural conditions such as landform, topography, position, sexual intercourses Influence it is very big, there is intermittent and direction of illumination, intensity continually changing problems at any time, this is just to the collection of solar energy More stringent requirements are proposed with utilization.Many solar panel arrays are essentially all fixed at present, are not made full use of Solar energy resources, generating efficiency are low.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is:Overcome the utilization of existing solar energy existing due to the sun and the earth Skin plane formula relative motion and generate the key problem how solar receiving panel is directed at the sun, a kind of heat pipe thermal balance is provided Solar automatic tracker.It is ingenious not need the external offer energy, energy conservation and environmental protection using heat pipe working characteristics.
Technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is:
A kind of heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker, the tracker include baffle, transmission mechanism I and separate type heat Pipe;The separate heat pipe includes evaporator section, power generating apparatus and condensation segment, the evaporator section, power generating apparatus It is sequentially connected to lead to by pipeline with condensation segment and forms circulation loop;When the baffle misalignment sun, the separate type heat The evaporator section and condensation segment of pipe cause the gas in the power generating apparatus to there is pressure since uneven heating generates the temperature difference Difference generates power, and the power generated by the power generating apparatus pushes baffle to rotate to be aligned by the transmission mechanism I The sun achievees the purpose that automatic sun-tracking.
The power generating apparatus includes cavity and shaft, and the upper end of the shaft is equipped with transmission mechanism II, described The lower section of shaft is arranged in the cavity, and is fixed with rotating vane on the surface of the shaft of setting in the cavity;It is described The gas outlet end of evaporator section passes through the gas access end of cavity described in pipeline connection, and the gas outlet end of the cavity passes through pipe Road is connected to the gas access end of the condensation segment, the liquid that the liquid outlet end of the condensation segment passes through evaporator section described in pipeline connection Body arrival end forms circulation loop, and the transmission mechanism II is for cooperating transmission mechanism I that the baffle is pushed to rotate.
As a kind of optimal technical scheme, the transmission mechanism I and separate heat pipe are fixedly mounted in shell, described Baffle be fixedly mounted on the middle position of the housing tip, lens are fixedly installed on the left of the baffle for by baffle The received excessive sunlight in left side is refracted to the evaporator section of the separate heat pipe, and the transmission mechanism II cooperates driver Structure I pushes the shell to rotate, and then pushes the baffle rotation.
It is further preferred that the transmission mechanism I is gear wheel, the transmission mechanism II is pinion gear, described Pinion gear is engaged with gear wheel;The gear wheel is fixedly mounted on the upper end of central axis, the fixed peace in the lower end of the central axis On pedestal, the shell be may be rotatably mounted on the central axis.
Still more preferably, pipe of the connection between the cavity gas outlet end and condensation segment gas access end Road is equipped with check (non-return) valve;It is connected in the pipeline between condensation segment liquid outlet end and the evaporator section fluid inlet end It is covered with capillary structure and is fixedly installed with check (non-return) valve in centre.
In the power generating apparatus, it is set as sealing structure in the junction of the shaft and the contact position of cavity, is protected Demonstrate,prove the air-tightness of the cavity.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:
The utility model structure is simple, and design rationally, does not need external energy.Baffle is automatic from east orientation west by initial position It follows the direction of sun relative motion to be segmented by intermittent mode to rotate.On the one hand the device itself does not consume the energy, on the other hand The principle for using for reference separate heat pipe provides the new research method of solar automatic tracking device.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention will be further described with reference to the accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker structure chart.
Fig. 2 is separate heat pipe structure chart.
Fig. 3 is power generating apparatus structure chart.
Wherein, 1. pedestal, 2. newels, 3. shells, 4. separate heat pipes, 5. gear wheels, 6. baffles, 7. lens;41. steaming Send out section, 42. bend pipes, 43. power generating apparatus, 44. check (non-return) valves, 45. condensation segments;431. pinion gears, 432. rotating vanes, 433. Pinion support column, 434. cavitys.
Specific embodiment
The utility model is further described presently in connection with attached drawing.These attached drawings are simplified schematic diagram only to show Meaning mode illustrates the basic structure of the utility model, therefore it only shows composition related with the utility model.
As shown in Figures 1 to 3, a kind of heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracking device, the tracker include baffle 6, driver Structure I and separate heat pipe 4;The separate heat pipe 4 includes evaporator section 41, power generating apparatus 43 and condensation segment 45, described Evaporator section 41, power generating apparatus 43 and condensation segment 45 be sequentially connected by pipeline and logical form circulation loop;When the gear When the 6 misalignment sun of plate, the evaporator section 41 and condensation segment 45 of the separate heat pipe 4 are due to the uneven heating generation temperature difference, in turn Cause the gas in the power generating apparatus 43 there are pressure difference generation power, the power generated by the power generating apparatus 43 It pushes baffle 6 to rotate by the transmission mechanism I and achievees the purpose that automatic sun-tracking to be directed at the sun.
The power generating apparatus 43 includes cavity 434 and shaft 433, and the upper end of the shaft 433 is equipped with transmission Mechanism II, the table for the shaft 433 that the lower section of the shaft 433 is arranged in the cavity 434, and is arranged in cavity 434 Rotating vane 432 is fixed on face;The gas outlet end of the evaporator section 41 is connected to the gas of the cavity 434 by pipeline 42 Arrival end, the gas outlet end of the cavity 434 are connected to the gas access end of the condensation segment 45, the condensation by pipeline 42 The liquid outlet end of section 45 forms circulation loop, the transmission by the fluid inlet end that pipeline 42 is connected to the evaporator section 41 Mechanism II is for cooperating transmission mechanism I that the baffle 6 is pushed to rotate.Connection is in 434 gas outlet end of cavity and described Check (non-return) valve 44 is installed on pipeline between 45 gas access end of condensation segment;Connection is in the 45 liquid outlet end of condensation segment and institute It states and is covered with capillary structure in the pipeline between 41 fluid inlet end of evaporator section and is fixedly installed with check (non-return) valve 44 in centre.Institute In the power generating apparatus 43 stated, it is set as sealing structure in the junction of the shaft 433 and the contact position of cavity 434, is guaranteed The air-tightness of the cavity 434.
The transmission mechanism I and separate heat pipe 4 is fixedly mounted in shell 3, and the baffle 6 is fixedly mounted on institute The middle position on 3 top of shell is stated, the left side of the baffle 6 is fixedly installed with lens 7 for 6 left side of baffle is received excessive Sunlight be refracted to the evaporator section 41 of the separate heat pipe 4, it is described that the transmission mechanism II cooperates transmission mechanism I to push Shell 3 rotate, and then the baffle 6 is pushed to rotate.The transmission mechanism I is gear wheel 5, the transmission mechanism II For pinion gear 431, the pinion gear 431 is engaged with gear wheel 5;The gear wheel 5 is fixedly mounted on the upper end of central axis 2, The lower end of the central axis 2 is fixedly mounted on pedestal 1, and the shell 3 may be rotatably mounted on the central axis 2.
When work, the sun, which slants baffle 6, leads to the heat received on the left of baffle 6 so that 6 two sides uneven heating of baffle is even It is more, sunlight is refracted on evaporator section 41 by lens 7 and makes heated liquid in evaporation ends 41.Liquid in evaporator section 41 by Heat is undergone phase transition as high-temperature gas, high-temperature gas expanded by heating, feed line 42.Then via the gas access of cavity 434 End enters in power generating apparatus 43, drives the rotation of rotating vane 432 to rotate so as to cause pinion gear 431, then high-temperature gas Pipeline 42 is flowed out through from the gas outlet end of cavity 434 and enters condensation segment 45, gas liquefaction in condensation segment 45, and liquid passes through cloth The pipeline 42 of full liquid-sucking core returns in evaporator section 41, completes primary complete circulation.The wherein rotation of pinion gear 431 drives gear wheel 5 rotation, pinion gear 431 is engaged with gear wheel 5, but gear wheel 5 is fixed, the effect of power be it is mutual, so pinion gear 431 rotations drive the baffle 6 being fixedly mounted on shell 3 to rotate to drive shell 3 to rotate.When thus shell 3 rotates Direct sunlight baffle 6 after certain angle, 6 two sides of baffle are heated evenly, and two sections of pressure balances no longer push pinion gear 431 to rotate. The purpose of check (non-return) valve 44 is to guarantee that whole recycle only carries out in one direction.The purpose of packing layer is to guarantee device Air-tightness.
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:The utility model structure is simple, and design rationally, does not need external energy.Gear Plate 6 follows the direction of sun relative motion to be segmented by intermittent mode automatically and rotates by initial position from east orientation west.One side of the device Face itself does not consume the energy, on the other hand provides the new research direction of solar automatic tracking device.
It is enlightenment, through the above description, related work people with the above-mentioned desirable embodiment according to the utility model Member can carry out various changes and amendments in the range of without departing from this item utility model technical idea completely.This item is real It is not limited to the contents of the specification with novel technical scope.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker, it is characterised in that:The tracker includes baffle (6), transmission mechanism I With separate heat pipe (4);The separate heat pipe (4) includes evaporator section (41), power generating apparatus (43) and condensation segment (45), the evaporator section (41), power generating apparatus (43) and condensation segment (45) are sequentially connected logical formed by pipeline and recycle Circuit;When described baffle (6) the misalignment sun, the evaporator section (41) and condensation segment (45) of the separate heat pipe (4) by The temperature difference is generated in uneven heating, and then leads to gas in the power generating apparatus (43) there are pressure differences to generate power, by institute The power for stating power generating apparatus (43) generation pushes baffle (6) rotation to reach to be directed at the sun by the transmission mechanism I The purpose of automatic sun-tracking.
2. heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The power occurs Device (43) includes cavity (434) and shaft (433), and the upper end of the shaft (433) is equipped with transmission mechanism II, the shaft (433) lower section is arranged in the cavity (434), and is arranged on the surface of the shaft (433) in cavity (434) fixed There are rotating vane (432);The gas access that the gas outlet end of the evaporator section (41) passes through cavity (434) described in pipeline connection End, gas access end of the gas outlet end of the cavity (434) by condensation segment (45) described in pipeline connection, the condensation segment (45) liquid outlet end forms circulation loop, the transmission by the fluid inlet end of evaporator section (41) described in pipeline connection Mechanism II is for cooperating transmission mechanism I that the baffle (6) is pushed to rotate.
3. heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The transmission mechanism I and separate heat pipe (4) be fixedly mounted in shell (3), the baffle (6) is fixedly mounted on the shell (3) top Middle position is fixedly installed with lens (7) on the left of the baffle (6) for by the excessive sun received on the left of baffle (6) To the evaporator section (41) of the separate heat pipe (4), it is described that the transmission mechanism II cooperates transmission mechanism I to push for anaclasis Shell (3) rotation, and then push baffle (6) rotation.
4. heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The transmission mechanism I is gear wheel (5), and the transmission mechanism II is pinion gear (431), and the pinion gear (431) is engaged with gear wheel (5);Institute The gear wheel (5) stated is fixedly mounted on the upper end of central axis (2), and the lower end of the central axis (2) is fixedly mounted on pedestal (1) On, the shell (3) may be rotatably mounted on the central axis (2).
5. heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Connection is in the cavity (434) check (non-return) valve is installed on the pipeline between gas outlet end and the condensation segment (45) gas access end;Connection is described Be covered in pipeline between condensation segment (45) liquid outlet end and the evaporator section (41) fluid inlet end capillary structure and Check (non-return) valve (44) are fixedly installed in centre.
6. heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The power occurs In device (43), it is set as sealing structure in the junction of the shaft (433) and the contact position of cavity (434), guarantees the chamber The air-tightness of body (434).
CN201820483364.3U 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker Expired - Fee Related CN208128194U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820483364.3U CN208128194U (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201820483364.3U CN208128194U (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208128194U true CN208128194U (en) 2018-11-20

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ID=64194759

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201820483364.3U Expired - Fee Related CN208128194U (en) 2018-04-08 2018-04-08 Heat pipe thermal balance solar automatic tracker

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN208128194U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110793219A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-02-14 合肥思筹科技有限公司 Solar water heater system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110793219A (en) * 2019-10-12 2020-02-14 合肥思筹科技有限公司 Solar water heater system

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20181120

Termination date: 20190408