CN208012172U - A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism - Google Patents

A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN208012172U
CN208012172U CN201721580825.0U CN201721580825U CN208012172U CN 208012172 U CN208012172 U CN 208012172U CN 201721580825 U CN201721580825 U CN 201721580825U CN 208012172 U CN208012172 U CN 208012172U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
balance
pipe
compressor
air
condenser
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721580825.0U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邹好林
彭克良
邹海荣
陈柏良
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangzhou Shute Automation Technology Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Guangzhou Shute Automation Technology Co Ltd
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Filing date
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Priority to CN201721580825.0U priority Critical patent/CN208012172U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN208012172U publication Critical patent/CN208012172U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanisms, including cooling tower, compressor and expansion valve, liquid storage cylinder is installed at the cooling tower inner hub location, the liquid storage cylinder bottom surface is welded with balance pipe at center, described cooling tower a side position is equipped with liquid storage dryer, balance pipe center lower surface is equipped with geothermal heat exchanger, bottom end side corner is equipped with circulating pump under the balance pipe, balance pipe other side apical position is equipped with condenser pipe, bottom end is equipped with air conditioning refrigerant pipe under the condenser pipe, the air conditioning refrigerant pipe other end is equipped with condenser, evaporator is installed on the right side of the condenser, compressor is installed at the evaporator following position directly, temperature sensing package is installed immediately below the expansion valve, U-shaped oil return bend is installed at two side positions inside the compressor.The balance of refrigerant is effectively ensured using high-low pressure balancing method in the air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism.

Description

A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism
Technical field
The utility model belongs to refrigeration and air-conditioning technical field, and in particular to a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism.
Background technology
Refrigerant is also known as refrigeration working medium, is the working media of refrigeration cycle, transmits heat using the phase transformation of refrigerant, both Refrigerant absorbs heat when being vaporized in evaporator, heat release when condensing within the condenser.The current substance that can serve as refrigerant has more than 80 Kind, the most commonly used is ammonia, freon, water and a small number of hydrocarbons etc.
Currently, the common air-conditioner host with refrigeration and heat-production functions, refrigerant balance mechanism be difficult to realize it is cold and hot it Between the balance converted, refrigerant can be excessive when being run under cold conditions with heating condition, and frosting problem occurs in return line, pressure Contracting machine has back the appearance of liquid phenomenon.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanisms, to solve to carry in above-mentioned background technology The problem of going out.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions:A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism, including Cooling tower, compressor and expansion valve, are equipped with liquid storage cylinder at the cooling tower inner hub location, in the liquid storage cylinder bottom surface Balance pipe is welded at the heart, described cooling tower a side position is equipped with liquid storage dryer, the balance pipe center Lower surface is equipped with geothermal heat exchanger, and bottom end side corner is equipped with circulating pump, the circulating pump and ground under the balance pipe Heat exchanger is electrically connected by conducting wire, and the circulating pump is electrically connected with liquid storage dryer by conducting wire, and the balance pipe is another Side apical position is equipped with condenser pipe, and bottom end is equipped with air conditioning refrigerant pipe under the condenser pipe, and the air conditioning refrigerant pipe is another End is equipped with condenser, and the condenser is electrically connected with circulating pump by conducting wire, and evaporator is equipped on the right side of the condenser, The evaporator is electrically connected with circulating pump by conducting wire, and the condenser is equipped with throttle valve with evaporator middle position, The evaporator upper surface is equipped with air blower, and the air blower is electrically connected with condenser by conducting wire, and the evaporator is just Lower position is equipped with compressor, and the compressor is electrically connected with air blower by conducting wire, peace immediately below the expansion valve Equipped with temperature sensing package, the temperature sensing package is electrically connected with evaporator by conducting wire, and bottom surface is equipped with repairing inside the compressor Case is equipped with U-shaped oil return bend inside the compressor at two side positions, and the U-shaped oil return bend is connected to oil feeding reservoir.
Preferably, diaphragm, the diaphragm upper surface center position are installed on the compressor at top dead center position Capillary is installed.
Preferably, the diaphragm lower surface is equipped with driving portion, and bottom end is equipped with spool under the driving portion.
Preferably, the valve core inside bottom surface is cut with valve opening.
Preferably, it is cut with entrance at described compressor a side center, the inlet internal is equipped with strainer.
Preferably, sizing throttle pipe, compressor bottom surface center are installed at the compressor inner hub location Outlet is cut at position.
The technique effect and advantage of the utility model:The air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism is realized by the cooling tower of setting The storage in air-conditioning assembly is realized by the liquid storage dryer of setting for the cooling treatment of liquid storage cylinder internal refrigeration storage agent The effect of liquid and water suction is carried out at the same time filtering and connection air-conditioning duct, by the balance pipe of setting and the cyclic balance of circulating pump, Reach the high-low pressure balance mechanism of system, realization carries out complete machine to vacuumize guarantor's negative pressure, and machine, which is effectively ensured, does not have leak source, realizes The safety for filling refrigerant is realized refrigerant flowing into geothermal heat exchanger, valve etc. is mainly by the air conditioning refrigerant pipe of setting Refrigeration part pipeline reaches the refrigeration of air-conditioning refrigeration system by the condenser of setting, by the throttle valve of setting, makes Refrigerant flows through condenser and the flow of evaporator reaches optimum value, by the compressor of setting, refrigerant is made to be taken out from low-pressure area It fetches and is sent to higher-pressure region cooling condensation after compression, by the expansion valve of setting, the liquid refrigerant of medium temperature high pressure is made to pass through it Throttling is made when U-bend long-pending oil is continuously increased, section at this as the warm steam of low-temp low-pressure by the U-shaped oil return bend of setting Product is gradually reduced, and air velocity is improved, consequently facilitating gas band oil.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the utility model compressor;
Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of the utility model.
In figure:1 cooling tower, 2 liquid storage cylinders, 3 liquid storage dryers, 4 balance pipes, 5 geothermal heat exchangers, 6 condenser pipes, 7 cycles Pump, 8 air conditioning refrigerant pipes, 9 condensers, 10 evaporators, 11 throttle valves, 12 air blowers, 13 compressors, 14 temperature sensing packages, 15 expansion valves, 16 diaphragms, 17 capillaries, 18 driving portions, 19 spools, 20 valve openings, 21 sizing throttle pipes, 22 oil feeding reservoirs, 23U shapes oil return bend, 24 Entrance, 25 strainers, 26 outlets.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Referring to Fig. 1, Fig. 1 is the dimensional structure diagram of the utility model, a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism, In, including cooling tower 1, compressor 13 and expansion valve 15 are equipped with liquid storage cylinder 2 at 1 inner hub location of the cooling tower, described Balance pipe 4 is welded at 2 bottom surface center of liquid storage cylinder, 1 a side position of the cooling tower is equipped with liquid storage dryer 3, 4 center lower surface of the balance pipe is equipped with geothermal heat exchanger 5, and 4 times bottom ends of balance pipe side corner is equipped with Circulating pump 7,4 other side apical position of the balance pipe are equipped with condenser pipe 6, and 6 times bottom ends of the condenser pipe are equipped with air-conditioning cold Matchmaker's pipe 8,8 other end of the air conditioning refrigerant pipe are equipped with condenser 9, and 9 right side of the condenser is equipped with evaporator 10, described cold Condenser 9 is equipped with throttle valve 11 with 10 middle position of evaporator, and 10 upper surface of the evaporator is equipped with air blower 12, described Compressor 13 is installed at 10 following position directly of evaporator, temperature sensing package 14, the compression are installed immediately below the expansion valve 15 13 inside bottom surface of machine is equipped with oil feeding reservoir 22, and U-shaped oil return bend 23 is equipped at 13 two side positions of inside of the compressor, described U-shaped oil return bend 23 is connected to oil feeding reservoir 22, is equipped with diaphragm 16, the diaphragm 16 on the compressor 13 at top dead center position Upper surface center position is equipped with capillary 17, and 16 lower surface of the diaphragm is equipped with driving portion 18, under the driving portion 18 Bottom end is equipped with spool 19, and 19 inner bottom surface of the spool is cut with valve opening 20, is cut at 13 a side center of the compressor There is entrance 24, strainer 25 is installed inside the entrance 24, sizing throttling is installed at 13 inner hub location of the compressor Pipe 21,13 bottom surface center position of the compressor are cut with outlet 26.
Top is cut with refrigerant inlet in 2 a side of the liquid storage cylinder, and bottom end is cut under 2 a side of the liquid storage cylinder Bleed outlet, the cooling tower 1 realize that, by the cooling treatment of 2 internal refrigeration storage agent of liquid storage cylinder, the liquid storage dryer 3 is used in air-conditioning The effect of liquid storage and water suction in assembly, is carried out at the same time filtering and connection air-conditioning duct, and the balance pipe 4 is followed with circulating pump 7 Ring balances, and reaches the high-low pressure balance mechanism of system, and realization carries out complete machine to vacuumize guarantor's negative pressure, machine is effectively ensured and does not leak Point realizes that the conversion of energy, the condenser pipe 6 and condenser 9 are realized in the safety of filling refrigerant, the geothermal heat exchanger 5 Between connected by air conditioning refrigerant pipe 8, the air conditioning refrigerant pipe 8 is realized flows into geothermal heat exchanger by refrigerant, and valve etc. is main Refrigeration part pipeline, the condenser 9 reaches the refrigeration of air-conditioning refrigeration system, between the condenser 9 and evaporator 10 The throttle valve 11 of connection, which is used to control, flows through internal liquid refrigerant flow, and refrigerant is made to flow through condenser 9 and evaporator 10 Flow reach optimum value, it is solidifying to be sent to higher-pressure region cooling after compression from low-pressure area extraction that the compressor 13 makes refrigerant Knot, the expansion valve 15 make the liquid refrigerant of medium temperature high pressure throttle as the warm steam of low-temp low-pressure, the temperature-sensitive by it Packet 14 is used for control system internal temperature.
Referring to Fig. 2, Fig. 2 is the internal structure schematic diagram of the utility model compressor.13 inner bottom surface of the compressor Oil feeding reservoir 22 is used for supply of the internal body for shortage of oil when, and the U-shaped oil return bend 23, should when the curved long-pending oil of U shapes is continuously increased Place's sectional area is gradually reduced, and air velocity is improved, consequently facilitating gas band oil, the U-shaped oil return bend 23 and oil feeding reservoir 22 It is connected to, the diaphragm 16 with capillary 17 of top setting are prevented for controlling with oil mass inside compressor 13 on the compressor 13 Return liquid phenomenon, the strainer 25 is for filtering the refrigerant flow flowed into.
Referring to Fig. 3, Fig. 3 is the circuit diagram of the utility model.The circulating pump 7 is with geothermal heat exchanger 5 by leading Line is electrically connected, and (3 are electrically connected the circulating pump 7 by conducting wire, and the condenser 9 passes through with circulating pump 7 with liquid storage dryer Conducting wire is electrically connected, and the evaporator 10 is electrically connected with circulating pump 7 by conducting wire, and the air blower 12 passes through with condenser 9 Conducting wire is electrically connected, and the compressor 13 is electrically connected with air blower 12 by conducting wire, and the temperature sensing package 14 is logical with evaporator 10 Cross conducting wire electric connection.
Operation principle:The air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism, in use, liquid refrigerant is injected in liquid storage cylinder 2, it is cooling Tower 1 realizes that, by the cooling treatment of 2 internal refrigeration storage agent of liquid storage cylinder, liquid storage dryer 3 is used for the liquid storage in air-conditioning assembly and water suction Effect, be carried out at the same time filtering and connection air-conditioning duct, refrigerant pass through balance pipe 4 flow into geothermal heat exchanger 5 in realize energy Conversion, effectively realize air-conditioning regulatory function system, circulating pump 7 realize for liquid refrigerant circulation, throttle valve 11 control refrigerants flow through condenser 9 and the flow of evaporator 12 reaches optimum value, and compressor 13 makes refrigerant be taken out from low-pressure area It fetches and is sent to higher-pressure region cooling condensation after compression, expansion valve 15 makes the liquid refrigerant of medium temperature high pressure become low by its throttling The warm steam of warm low pressure, 14 measurement system internal temperature of temperature sensing package, the stringent temperature for controlling refrigerant and being reached, in compressor 13 The oil feeding reservoir 22 in portion is used for supply of the internal body for shortage of oil when, and U-shaped oil return bend 23, should when U-bend long-pending oil is continuously increased Place's sectional area is gradually reduced, and air velocity is improved, consequently facilitating gas band oil, depending on diameter throttle pipe 21 then control compressor The control of the liquid refrigerant flow flowed through inside 13.
Finally it should be noted that:The above descriptions are merely preferred embodiments of the present invention, is not limited to this Utility model, although the utility model is described in detail with reference to the foregoing embodiments, for those skilled in the art For, it still can be with technical scheme described in the above embodiments is modified, or to which part technical characteristic Equivalent replacement is carried out, within the spirit and principle of the utility model, any modification, equivalent replacement, improvement and so on, It should be included within the scope of protection of this utility model.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism, including cooling tower (1), compressor (13) and expansion valve (15), it is characterised in that: Liquid storage cylinder (2) is installed at cooling tower (1) inner hub location, is welded and fixed at liquid storage cylinder (2) the bottom surface center There are balance pipe (4), cooling tower (1) a side position that liquid storage dryer (3), balance pipe (4) center are installed Lower surface is equipped with geothermal heat exchanger (5), and bottom end side corner is equipped with circulating pump (7) under the balance pipe (4), described to follow Ring pump (7) is electrically connected with geothermal heat exchanger (5) by conducting wire, and the circulating pump (7) passes through conducting wire electricity with liquid storage dryer (3) Property connection, balance pipe (4) other side apical position is equipped with condenser pipe (6), and bottom end is equipped with sky under the condenser pipe (6) Adjust refrigerant pipe (8), air conditioning refrigerant pipe (8) other end that condenser (9) is installed, the condenser (9) is logical with circulating pump (7) Conducting wire electric connection is crossed, evaporator (10) is installed on the right side of the condenser (9), the evaporator (10) is logical with circulating pump (7) Conducting wire electric connection is crossed, the condenser (9) is equipped with throttle valve (11), the evaporator with evaporator (10) middle position (10) upper surface is equipped with air blower (12), and the air blower (12) is electrically connected with condenser (9) by conducting wire, the evaporation Compressor (13) is installed, the compressor (13) is electrically connected with air blower (12) by conducting wire at device (10) following position directly It connects, temperature sensing package (14) is installed immediately below the expansion valve (15), the temperature sensing package (14) passes through conducting wire electricity with evaporator (10) Property connection, the internal bottom surface of the compressor (13) is equipped with oil feeding reservoir (22), at internal two side positions of the compressor (13) U-shaped oil return bend (23) is installed, the U-shaped oil return bend (23) is connected to oil feeding reservoir (22).
2. a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:It is pushed up on the compressor (13) End center position is equipped with diaphragm (16), and diaphragm (16) upper surface center position is equipped with capillary (17).
3. a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:Diaphragm (16) lower surface Driving portion (18) is installed, bottom end is equipped with spool (19) under the driving portion (18).
4. a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Spool (19) inner bottom Face is cut with valve opening (20).
5. a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Compressor (13) side It is cut with entrance (24) at the center of side, strainer (25) is installed inside the entrance (24).
6. a kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The compressor (13) is internal Center position is equipped with sizing throttle pipe (21), and compressor (13) the bottom surface center position is cut with outlet (26).
CN201721580825.0U 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism Expired - Fee Related CN208012172U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721580825.0U CN208012172U (en) 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721580825.0U CN208012172U (en) 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN208012172U true CN208012172U (en) 2018-10-26

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201721580825.0U Expired - Fee Related CN208012172U (en) 2017-11-23 2017-11-23 A kind of air-conditioning refrigerant balance mechanism

Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN208012172U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111795503A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-20 葛时欢 Heat energy shunting and recovering device for large bathing place

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111795503A (en) * 2020-07-14 2020-10-20 葛时欢 Heat energy shunting and recovering device for large bathing place

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20181026

Termination date: 20201123