CN201034394Y - Air-conditioning hot pump hot-water machine set - Google Patents

Air-conditioning hot pump hot-water machine set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN201034394Y
CN201034394Y CNU200720037433XU CN200720037433U CN201034394Y CN 201034394 Y CN201034394 Y CN 201034394Y CN U200720037433X U CNU200720037433X U CN U200720037433XU CN 200720037433 U CN200720037433 U CN 200720037433U CN 201034394 Y CN201034394 Y CN 201034394Y
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valve
heat exchanger
air
import
check valve
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Expired - Lifetime
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CNU200720037433XU
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Chinese (zh)
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顾卫平
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Wuxi Tongfang Artificial Environment Co Ltd
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Wuxi Tongfang Artificial Environment Co Ltd
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Abstract

An air conditioner heat pump hot water unit relates to the air conditioner and heat pump water heater technology field; the utility model comprises a compressor 1, an air discharge/ return device, an environment side heat exchanger 4, a water heater exchanger 14, an air conditioner heat exchanger 15, a liquid refrigerant flow regulating and throttling device, and a vapor liquid separator 16; the utilization of the utility model can enable the air conditioner working stably and reliably under the four operation modes and relevant working conditions as well, and the working efficiency is greatly improved.

Description

A kind of air conditioner heat pump hot water group
Technical field
The utility model relates to air-conditioning and Teat pump boiler technical field.
Background technology
The heat-pump hot-water unit has utilized the principle of air-conditioning heat pump operation, produces the sanitary water about 50 ℃, and utilization rate of electrical can reach more than 300%.
Air conditioner heat pump hot water: because heat pump water-heating machine is identical with air conditioner on refrigeration principle, and air-conditioning utilization rate is very low at ordinary times, also can discharge tedious thermal pollution when use summer.Therefore, the two is integrated.Not only can utilize mutually to reduce cost, but also can when using air-conditioning summer, obtain free hot water fully.
Because air conditioner heat pump hot water needs stable operation in following 4 kinds of operational modes and corresponding operating mode: single refrigeration, singly heat, singly heat water, the double water that heats freezes.Have following difficult point: the heat exchanger that 1, is not in operation exists, and can not influence operating system; 2, to different operational modes, different operating conditions, system need satisfy different throttling requirements; 3, as a same reason, because the liquid volume added of whole system is a definite value, system need satisfy the unnecessary cold-producing medium requirement of storage.
Summary of the invention
Problem at above-mentioned existence, the purpose of this utility model provides a kind of air conditioner heat pump hot water group, it can satisfy above-mentioned requirements, and air conditioner heat pump hot water stable and reliable operation under above-described 4 kinds of operational modes and corresponding operating mode, operating efficiency are improved greatly.
According to the technical scheme that the utility model provides, system is by compressor 1, row, return-air control device, ambient side heat exchanger 4, water-heater heat-exchanging device 14, air-condition heat exchanger 15, liquid refrigerant flows to control and throttling arrangement, and the loop that vapour liquid separator 16 is formed is characterized in that:
Row, return-air control device are made up of reversal valve 2 and reversal valve 3, and wherein, the c2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected with the mouth of the d3 of reversal valve 3, and the s2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected in parallel with the s3 mouth of reversal valve 3 and then is connected with compressor 1 return-air mouth by gas-liquid separator 16; The d2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected with compressor 1 exhaust outlet; The e2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected with air-condition heat exchanger 15 gas ports; The e3 mouth of reversal valve 3 is connected with water-heater heat-exchanging device 14 gas ports; The c3 mouth of reversal valve 3 is connected with ambient side heat exchanger 4 gas ports.Based on above connection, automatically control by electrical equipment, in the time of can realizing above-mentioned four kinds of operational modes, compressor air-discharging flows to the heat exchanger of using do condensation accordingly, and the steam of heat exchanger of guaranteeing to do under the associative mode evaporation usefulness is by the sucked back compressor of gas-liquid separator.In any case, the working media of two reversal valve inside of assurance is always gaseous refrigerant.
Liquid refrigerant flows to control and throttling arrangement: by 5 check valves 5,6,7,9,13, two magnetic valves 11,12, a reservoir 8 and 1 expansion valve 10 are formed, the outlet of the import of check valve 5 and check valve 6 and connect after be connected to the liquid mouth of ambient side heat exchanger 4, the outlet of the import of check valve 7 and check valve 13 and connect after be connected to the liquid mouth of air-condition heat exchanger 15, the import of check valve 9 is connected to the liquid mouth of water-heater heat-exchanging device 14, check valve 5,7,9 outlet and connect after be connected to the import of reservoir 8, the outlet of reservoir 8 is connected to the import of expansion valve 10, and the outlet of expansion valve 10 divides two the tunnel, is connected to magnetic valve 11 respectively, 12 import, the outlet of magnetic valve 11 is connected to the import of check valve 6, and the outlet of magnetic valve 12 is connected to the import of check valve 13.By above connection, realized that the flow direction before and after the liquid refrigerant throttling is controlled, reservoir stores the unnecessary cold-producing medium in high-pressure side, expansion valve throttling.
Ambient side heat exchanger 4 works in the condenser state in system, liquid refrigerant in the condenser is because the check characteristics of check valve 6, can only enter check valve 5, again because check valve 9,7 check characteristics, liquid refrigerant can only enter reservoir 8, and through expansion valve 10 throttlings, this moment, magnetic valve 12 left, magnetic valve 11 closes, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the air-condition heat exchanger 15.Thereby the liquid refrigerant of finishing cooling condition flows to control and throttling.
Water-heater heat-exchanging device 14 works in the condenser state in system, liquid refrigerant in the condenser enters check valve 9, because check valve 5,7 check characteristics, cold-producing medium can only enter reservoir 8, through expansion valve 10 throttlings, open as magnetic valve 12 this moment, and magnetic valve 11 closes, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the air-condition heat exchanger 15.Thereby finish the double liquid refrigerant that heats water condition of refrigeration and flow to control and throttling.Close as magnetic valve 12, magnetic valve 11 leaves, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the ambient side heat exchanger 4.Thereby finish the liquid refrigerant that singly heats water condition and flow to control and throttling.
Air-condition heat exchanger 15 works in the condenser state in system, liquid refrigerant in the condenser is because the check characteristics of check valve 13, can only enter check valve 7, again because check valve 5,9 check characteristics, liquid refrigerant can only enter reservoir 8, and through expansion valve 10 throttlings, magnetic valve 12 closes at this moment, magnetic valve 11 leaves, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the condenser 4.Thereby the liquid refrigerant of finishing single heating condition flows to control and throttling.
The utility model has the advantages that:
The row of utilization, return-air control device, automatically control by electrical equipment, in the time of can realizing above-mentioned four kinds of operational modes, compressor air-discharging flows to the heat exchanger of using do condensation accordingly, and with the refrigerant vapour of the heat exchanger of corresponding do evaporation usefulness by the sucked back compressor of gas-liquid separator, the cold-producing medium in the corresponding obsolete heat exchanger can be drawn back compressor simultaneously.Guaranteed the stable of refrigerant amount in the system.
Utilize liquid refrigerant to flow to control and throttling arrangement, automatically control by electrical equipment, in the time of can realizing above-mentioned four kinds of operational modes, after the liquid refrigerant that comes out from the heat exchanger of using do condensation correctly flows to reservoir the device (in the stocking system unnecessary cold-producing medium), expansion valve (throttling), correctly flow to the corresponding heat exchanger of making evaporation usefulness.Can satisfy the requirement and the throttling requirement of circulating mass of refrigerant under different operational modes, the different running environment condition.
Used above two kinds of devices, can make the stable performance of this air conditioner heat pump hot water group, reliable.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a schematic diagram of the present utility model.
The specific embodiment
As shown in Figure 1: system is by compressor 1, row, return-air control device, and ambient side heat exchanger 4, water-heater heat-exchanging device 14, heat exchanger of air conditioner 15, liquid refrigerant flows to control and throttling arrangement, the loop that vapour liquid separator 16 is formed.
Row, return-air control device: form by reversal valve 2 and reversal valve 3.Wherein, the c2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected with the mouth of the d3 of reversal valve 3, and the s2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected in parallel with the s3 mouth of reversal valve 3 and then is connected with compressor 1 return-air mouth by gas-liquid separator 16; The d2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected with compressor 1 exhaust outlet; The e2 mouth of reversal valve 2 is connected with air-condition heat exchanger 15 gas ports; The e3 mouth of reversal valve 3 is connected with water-heater heat-exchanging device 14 gas ports; The c3 mouth of reversal valve 3 is connected with ambient side heat exchanger 4 gas ports.Based on above connection, automatically control by electrical equipment, in the time of can realizing above-mentioned four kinds of operational modes, compressor air-discharging flows to the heat exchanger of using do condensation accordingly, and the steam of heat exchanger of guaranteeing to do under the associative mode evaporation usefulness is by the sucked back compressor of gas-liquid separator.In any case, the working media of two reversal valve inside of assurance is always gaseous refrigerant.
Liquid refrigerant flows to control and throttling arrangement: by 5 check valves 5,6,7,9,11,12, reservoir 8 of 13, two magnetic valves and 1 expansion valve 10 are formed.The outlet of the import of check valve 5 and check valve 6 and connect after be connected to the liquid mouth of ambient side heat exchanger 4, the outlet of the import of check valve 7 and check valve 13 and connect after be connected to the liquid mouth of air-condition heat exchanger 15, the import of check valve 9 is connected to the liquid mouth of water-heater heat-exchanging device 14, check valve 5,7,9 outlet and connect after be connected to the import of reservoir 8, the outlet of reservoir 8 is connected to the import of expansion valve 10, the outlet of expansion valve 10 divides two the tunnel, be connected to magnetic valve 11 respectively, 12 import, the outlet of magnetic valve 11 is connected to the import of check valve 6, and the outlet of magnetic valve 12 is connected to the import of check valve 13.By above connection, realized that the flow direction before and after the liquid refrigerant throttling is controlled, reservoir stores the unnecessary cold-producing medium in high-pressure side, expansion valve throttling.
Ambient side heat exchanger 4 works in the condenser state in system, liquid refrigerant in the condenser is because the check characteristics of check valve 6, can only enter check valve 5, again because check valve 9,7 check characteristics, liquid refrigerant can only enter reservoir 8, and through expansion valve 10 throttlings, this moment, magnetic valve 12 left, magnetic valve 11 closes, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the air-condition heat exchanger 15.Thereby the liquid refrigerant of finishing cooling condition flows to control and throttling.
Water-heater heat-exchanging device 16 works in the condenser state in system, liquid refrigerant in the condenser enters check valve 9, because check valve 5,7 check characteristics, cold-producing medium can only enter reservoir 8, through expansion valve 10 throttlings, open as magnetic valve 12 this moment, and magnetic valve 11 closes, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the air-condition heat exchanger 15.Thereby finish the double liquid refrigerant that heats water condition of refrigeration and flow to control and throttling.Close as magnetic valve 12, magnetic valve 11 leaves, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the ambient side heat exchanger 4.Thereby finish the liquid refrigerant that singly heats water condition and flow to control and throttling.
Air-condition heat exchanger 15 works in the condenser state in system, liquid refrigerant in the condenser is because the check characteristics of check valve 13, can only enter check valve 7, again because check valve 5,9 check characteristics, liquid refrigerant can only enter reservoir 8, and through expansion valve 10 throttlings, magnetic valve 12 closes at this moment, magnetic valve 11 leaves, and liquid refrigerant enters evaporation in the condenser 4.Thereby the liquid refrigerant of finishing single heating condition flows to control and throttling.
Below in conjunction with Fig. 1 the course of work of the present invention is described further:
During single the refrigeration, the cold-producing medium flow process is as follows: compressor 1--reversal valve 2--reversal valve 3--ambient side heat exchanger 4--check valve 5--reservoir 8--expansion valve 10--magnetic valve 12--check valve 13--air-condition heat exchanger 15--reversal valve 2--vapour liquid separator 16--compressor 1, so move in circles.Simultaneously, the cold-producing medium in the water heater coil pipe 14 all is recovered to the circulatory system by reversal valve 3.
When singly heating, the cold-producing medium flow process is as follows: compressor 1--reversal valve 2--air-condition heat exchanger 15--check valve 7--reservoir 8--expansion valve 10--magnetic valve 11--check valve 6--ambient side heat exchanger 4--reversal valve 3--reversal valve 2--vapour liquid separator 16--compressor 1, so move in circles.Simultaneously, the cold-producing medium in the water heater coil pipe 14 all is recovered to the circulatory system by reversal valve 3.
When singly heating water, the cold-producing medium flow process is as follows: compressor 1--reversal valve 2--reversal valve 3--water-heater heat-exchanging device 14--check valve 9--reservoir 8--expansion valve 10--magnetic valve 11--check valve 6--ambient side heat exchanger 4--reversal valve 3--vapour liquid separator 16--compressor 1, so move in circles.Simultaneously, the cold-producing medium in the air-conditioner coil pipe 15 all is recovered to the circulatory system by reversal valve 2.
During refrigerated medium hot water, the cold-producing medium flow process is as follows: compressor 1--reversal valve 2-reversal valve 3-water-heater heat-exchanging device 14--check valve 9--reservoir 8--expansion valve 10--magnetic valve 12--check valve 13--air-condition heat exchanger 15--reversal valve 2--vapour liquid separator 16--compressor 1, so move in circles.Simultaneously, the cold-producing medium in the condenser 4 all is recovered to the circulatory system by reversal valve 3.
Defrost divides two kinds: singly heat defrost, singly heat the aquation frost.The cold-producing medium flow process is with refrigeration.When singly heating water, defrost process guarantees that without water heater coil pipe 14 water heater temperature is stable.

Claims (1)

1. an air conditioner heat pump hot water group comprises compressor (1), row, return-air control device, ambient side heat exchanger (4), water-heater heat-exchanging device (14), heat exchanger of air conditioner (15), liquid refrigerant flows to control and throttling arrangement, and vapour liquid separator (16) is characterized in that:
In row, return-air control device, (c2) mouth of reversal valve (2) is connected with (d3) of reversal valve (3) mouthful, and (s2) mouth of reversal valve (2) is connected by the return-air mouth of gas-liquid separator (16) with compressor (1) with (s3) of reversal valve (3) mouthful of back that is connected in parallel; (d2) of reversal valve (2) mouthful is connected with the exhaust outlet of compressor (1); (e2) of reversal valve (2) mouthful is connected with the gas port of air-condition heat exchanger (15); (e3) of reversal valve (3) mouthful is connected with the gas port of water-heater heat-exchanging device (14); (c3) of reversal valve (3) mouthful is connected with the gas port of ambient side heat exchanger (4);
Flow in control and the throttling arrangement at liquid refrigerant, the outlet of the import of check valve (5) and check valve (6) and connect after be connected to the liquid mouth of ambient side heat exchanger (4), the outlet of the import of check valve (7) and check valve (13) and connect after be connected to the liquid mouth of air-condition heat exchanger (15), the import of check valve (9) is connected to the liquid mouth of water-heater heat-exchanging device (14), check valve (5), (7), (9) outlet and connect after be connected to the import of reservoir (8), the outlet of reservoir (8) is connected to the import of expansion valve (10), the outlet of expansion valve (10) divides two-way, be connected to magnetic valve (11) respectively, (12) import, the outlet of magnetic valve (11) is connected to the import of check valve (6), and the outlet of magnetic valve (12) is connected to the import of check valve (13); By above connection, realized that the flow direction before and after the liquid refrigerant throttling is controlled, reservoir stores the unnecessary cold-producing medium in high-pressure side, expansion valve throttling.
CNU200720037433XU 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Air-conditioning hot pump hot-water machine set Expired - Lifetime CN201034394Y (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200720037433XU CN201034394Y (en) 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Air-conditioning hot pump hot-water machine set

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CNU200720037433XU CN201034394Y (en) 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Air-conditioning hot pump hot-water machine set

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CNU200720037433XU Expired - Lifetime CN201034394Y (en) 2007-05-16 2007-05-16 Air-conditioning hot pump hot-water machine set

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101799225A (en) * 2010-02-26 2010-08-11 浙江大学 Multi-heat-source auxiliary multi-function heat pump system
CN101839587A (en) * 2010-05-27 2010-09-22 无锡同方人工环境有限公司 Household energy recovery trigeneration unit
CN103512274A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-15 无锡同方人工环境有限公司 Ultra-low-energy-consumption residential multifunctional air conditioning device with domestic hot water

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101799225A (en) * 2010-02-26 2010-08-11 浙江大学 Multi-heat-source auxiliary multi-function heat pump system
CN101799225B (en) * 2010-02-26 2012-09-19 浙江大学 Multi-heat-source auxiliary multi-function heat pump system
CN101839587A (en) * 2010-05-27 2010-09-22 无锡同方人工环境有限公司 Household energy recovery trigeneration unit
CN103512274A (en) * 2013-10-11 2014-01-15 无锡同方人工环境有限公司 Ultra-low-energy-consumption residential multifunctional air conditioning device with domestic hot water

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Granted publication date: 20080312