CN207928310U - Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly - Google Patents

Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207928310U
CN207928310U CN201721714776.5U CN201721714776U CN207928310U CN 207928310 U CN207928310 U CN 207928310U CN 201721714776 U CN201721714776 U CN 201721714776U CN 207928310 U CN207928310 U CN 207928310U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
fixed
desktop
elderly
slit
carrying
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201721714776.5U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王希铭
马婧
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王希铭
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Priority to CN201721714776.5U priority Critical patent/CN207928310U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN207928310U publication Critical patent/CN207928310U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly, examination of eyes is carried out to the elderly for convenient.It includes desktop, fixed table leg and microscope and lighting system, the microscope and lighting system are arranged in the top of desktop, it is characterized in that, it is equipped with fixed table leg in the bottom of desktop right end, it is equipped with sliding slot in the left end of desktop, extension leaf is slidably fitted in sliding slot, gate leg is fixed in the bottom of extension leaf, it is equipped with traveling wheel in the bottom of gate leg, the first lockable mechanism is equipped between extension leaf and desktop;It is equipped with erecting bed at the top of the desktop, horizontal supporting table is equipped in the top of the erecting bed, microscope and lighting system is installed in supporting table, the adjustment mechanism that driving supporting table is moved up and down and is moved forward and backward is equipped between supporting table and erecting bed.The utility model can facilitate carries out examination of eyes to the elderly.

Description

Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly
Technical field
The utility model is related to eye examination technical fields, specifically a kind of to be suitable for carrying out eye detection to the elderly Slit-lamp microscope.
Background technology
For the elderly, ophthalmology disease is common illness, such as cataract etc..And to the eye of patient When portion is checked, slit-lamp microscope is most common equipment.Existing slit-lamp microscope is as shown in figure 12, microscope with Lighting system 12 is arranged on desktop 1, the fixed table leg 11 of lower part setting of desktop, and the distance between fixed table leg is unadjustable. Since the elderly's bone becomes stiff, is slow in action in addition, the elderly is difficult by the head of oneself close to microscope, it is also difficult to will Chin is placed in lower jaw support, and due to the barrier of desktop, as shown in figure 13, is existed between old head part and microscope at this time Larger interval L can not carry out examination of eyes to the elderly.For the bad the elderly of legs and feet, the degree of leg curvature It is restricted, leg is closed up also highly difficult, therefore the elderly has to leg being placed in outside fixed table leg, this can make the old person Body is very uncomfortable.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of slit-lamp microscopes being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, use Examination of eyes is carried out to the elderly in convenient.
The technical solution adopted by the utility model to solve its technical problems is that:Suitable for carrying out eye detection to the elderly Slit-lamp microscope, it includes desktop, fixed table leg and microscope and lighting system, and the microscope and lighting system setting exist The top of desktop, characterized in that be equipped with fixed table leg in the bottom of desktop right end, sliding slot be equipped in the left end of desktop, in sliding slot In be slidably fitted with extension leaf, be fixed with gate leg in the bottom of extension leaf, the bottom of gate leg be equipped with walking Wheel is equipped with the first lockable mechanism between extension leaf and desktop;
It is equipped with erecting bed at the top of the desktop, horizontal supporting table is equipped in the top of the erecting bed, is supporting Microscope and lighting system are installed on platform, driving supporting table is equipped between supporting table and erecting bed and is moved up and down and front and back shifting Dynamic adjustment mechanism.
Further, the sliding slot is arranged in the bottom of desktop, is equipped with and sliding slot in the front side of extension leaf and rear side The sliding block being slidably matched.
Further, it is equipped with notch in the rear side of the desktop, folding desk board is hingedly installed in notch, in folding table The second lockable mechanism is equipped between plate and desktop.
Further, first lockable mechanism include fixed fixed cylinder on the table, be arranged in fixed cylinder and on First slide plate of lower setting and the first fixed ring, the resetting spring being arranged between the first slide plate and the first fixed ring, setting exist Compression bar on first slide plate, the lock device being connected with fixed cylinder, slides up and down and is arranged in locking the pressure handle being arranged at the top of compression bar The first locking in slide bar bottom is arranged in slide bar in device, the first locking spring being arranged between slide bar and lock device inner wall The lever sold, be hinged in fixed cylinder, between lever and fixed cylinder be equipped with torsional spring, under the action of torsional spring the left end of lever with Compression bar bottom contacts, and is equipped with circular hole in the right end of lever, baffle is fixed on slide bar, the post portion below baffle is placed in circle Kong Zhong is equipped with locking hole corresponding with the first lock pin on extension leaf.
Further, guide pipe is equipped in the inner cavity of lock device, the top of slide bar is slidably mounted in guide pipe.
Further, strip hole is equipped on the side wall of fixed cylinder, the hinge joint of lever is placed in strip hole.
Further, second lockable mechanism includes the fixator being fixed on folding desk board, is arranged in fixator The second slide plate and the second fixed ring, the second locking spring being arranged between the second slide plate and the second fixed ring, setting the The second lock pin on two slide plates, the push rod being fixed on the second lock pin, the slider being fixed on push rod, are equipped on the table Locking hole corresponding with the second lock pin is equipped with elongated slot corresponding with push rod on the holder.
Further, the adjustment mechanism includes two pairs of swing rods being arranged between erecting bed and supporting table, driving swing rod The swing unit of swing, erecting bed, supporting table and swing rod constitute parallelogram linkage.
Further, the swing unit includes shaft between being disposed therein a pair of of swing rod hinge joint, is fixed on and turns Worm gear on axis, the worm screw, setting coaxial with worm screw that engage and be rotatably installed on holder with worm gear driven wheel of differential and from Dynamic bevel gear engages and is rotatably installed in the drive bevel gear on the journal stirrup of cradle top, is fixed on shaking in drive bevel gear .
The utility model has the beneficial effects that:The crack provided by the utility model for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection Extension leaf when for checking eyes to the elderly, can be pulled out a part, so that the leg of the elderly can be with by lamp microscope It stretches between fixed table leg and gate leg, comfort when ensureing that the elderly is medical.Desktop is stretched into the elderly leg simultaneously Under when, the head of the elderly and the distance between microscope are small, and medical staff can be facilitated quickly to adjust microscopical position.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front schematic view of the utility model;
Fig. 2 is the schematic top plan view of the utility model;
Fig. 3 is the A-A sectional views in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is partial enlarged view at the B in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the schematic top plan view of extension leaf;
Fig. 6 is the assembling schematic diagram of folding desk board and desktop;
Fig. 7 is partial enlarged view at the B in Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the schematic diagram after folding desk board folds;
Fig. 9 is schematic diagram when pulling out extension leaf;
Figure 10 is the schematic diagram of adjustment mechanism;
Figure 11 is the schematic diagram of swing unit;
Figure 12 is the schematic diagram of existing slit-lamp microscope;
Figure 13 is that schematic diagram is placed in the elderly leg when the prior art carries out examination of eyes to the elderly;
In figure:1 desktop, 11 fix table leg, 12 microscopes and lighting system, 13 the elderlys, 14 gate legs, 15 walkings Wheel, 16 is hinged, 17 notches, 2 extension leafs, 21 sliding blocks, 22 side slats, 23 locking holes, 3 fixed cylinders, 31 first fixed rings, and 32 first Slide plate, 33 compression bars, 34 pressure handles, 35 resetting springs, 36 strip holes, 37 levers, 371 circular holes, 372 lift end, and 4 lock devices, 41 lead Xiang Guan, 42 slide bars, 43 baffles, 44 first locking springs, 45 first lock pins, 5 folding desk boards, 51 fixators, 52 second fix Ring, 53 second slide plates, 54 second locking springs, 55 second lock pins, 56 push rods, 57 sliding handles, 58 elongated slots, 6 erecting beds, 61 ears Plate, 62 swing rods, 63 supporting tables, 7 shafts, 71 worm gears, 72 worm screws, 73 holders, 74 drive bevel gears, 75 journal stirrups, 76 from mantle tooth Wheel, 77 cranks.
Specific implementation mode
As shown in Figure 1 to 11, the utility model includes mainly desktop 1, fixed table leg 11, microscope and lighting system 12, gate leg 14, traveling wheel 15, extension leaf 2, the first lockable mechanism, folding desk board 5, the second lockable mechanism, supporting table 63 And adjustment mechanism, the utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figure 1 and Figure 2, desktop 1 is rectangular configuration, a pair of fixed table leg 11 is equipped in the bottom of desktop right end, in table The bottom of face left end is equipped with sliding slot, as shown in figure 3, being equipped with extension leaf 2 in sliding slot, is fixed in the bottom of extension leaf left end There is a pair of of gate leg 14, traveling wheel 15 is equipped in the bottom of gate leg.As shown in figure 5, extension leaf is L-shaped structure, The front side of extension leaf and rear side are respectively equipped with sliding block 21, and extension leaf is slidably connected by sliding block and sliding slot.In extension leaf Left side be fixed with side slat 22, the upper surface of side slat is concordant with the upper surface of desktop, the lower surface of side slat and the lower surface of desktop Concordantly.Several conllinear settings and equally distributed locking hole 23 are equipped on extension leaf, when extension leaf is completely disposed at sliding slot When middle, side slat is contacted with the left end of desktop.As shown in figure 9, when pulling side slat to the left, it can drive extension leaf from sliding slot It gradually removes, the distance between gate leg and fixed table leg gradually increase at this time.When ophthalmic patient is the elderly, can incite somebody to action Extension leaf pulls out a part from sliding slot so that the distance between gate leg and fixed table leg increase, in order to the elderly Leg can stretch under desktop., also can be very easily by the leg of the elderly and wheelchair at this point, even if the elderly is sitting on wheelchair On pedal be placed under desktop, between fixed table leg and gate leg.
To realize being relatively fixed between extension leaf and desktop, the first locking machine is equipped between extension leaf and desktop Structure.As shown in Figure 3, Figure 4, the first lockable mechanism includes that fixed fixed cylinder 3 on the table, first be fixed in fixed cylinder are solid Determine ring 31, the first slide plate 32 for being slidably connected above the first fixed ring and with fixed cylinder, setting is in the first fixed ring and the Resetting spring 35 between one slide plate, is fixed on compression bar and is placed on the first slide plate the compression bar 33 being fixed on the first slide plate The pressure handle 34 of side, the guide pipe 41 for being fixed on lock device inner cavity top, is set the hollow lock device 4 connected with fixed drum outer wall Set in lock device and be slidably connected with guide pipe slide bar 42, be fixed on slide bar baffle 43, be arranged in baffle and locking The first locking spring 44 between device inner wall, the first lock pin 45 for being fixed on slide bar bottom and hinged 16 are mounted in fixed cylinder Lever 37, on the table be equipped with groove, the lower part of fixed cylinder is placed in groove.Under the action of resetting spring, pressure handle is placed in The top of fixed cylinder is equipped with strip hole 36 on the side wall of fixed cylinder, and the left end of lever is placed in fixed cylinder, and the right end of lever is set In in lock device, it is placed in strip hole in the middle part of lever.The right end of lever is to lift end 372, and circular hole is equipped on lifting end 371.Lock device is the cuboid hollow structure of left end opening, in the bottom of lock device equipped with through-hole, under the first lock pin Portion passes through through-hole to be placed in locking hole and realizes that the opposite locking of desktop and extension leaf is fixed.Slide bar below baffle is placed in support In the circular hole for lifting end, torsional spring is equipped between lever and fixed cylinder, the left end of lever connects with compression bar bottom under the action of torsional spring It touching, when pressing pressure handle, the swing of lever can be pressed by compression bar so that the left end of lever is swung up to lower swing, right end, Lever right end can overcome the elastic force of the first locking spring that the first lock pin is pulled to move up when being swung up, until the first lock pin Lower part removed from latch, can pull extension leaf that extension leaf is moved along desktop at this time.Extension leaf is moving In dynamic process, pressure handle can be unclamped, pressure handle resets under the action of resetting spring at this time, when the first lock pin and next locking When hole is aligned, the lower part of the first lock pin, which is extend into locking hole, under the action of the first locking spring realizes extension leaf and table The locking again in face.
It is equipped with folding desk board 5 in the rear side of desktop, as shown in figure 8, being equipped with notch 17, folding desk board and notch on the table Inner wall is hinged, the second lockable mechanism is equipped between folding desk board and desktop, as shown in Figure 6, Figure 7, the second lockable mechanism includes The hollow fixator 51 that is arranged in folding desk board, the second fixed ring 52 being arranged in fixator and the second slide plate 53 are set Set the second locking spring 54 between the second fixed ring and the second slide plate, the second lock pin 55 being fixed on the second slide plate, The push rod 56 being connected with the second lock pin, the sliding handle 57 being fixed on push rod, the second lock pin are slidably connected with the second fixed ring, It is equipped with hole corresponding with the second lock pin in the second fixed ring, is equipped with elongated slot 58, one end of push rod and the on the holder Two lock pins are connected, and the other end of push rod stretches out fixator after elongated slot, and push rod is slidably connected with elongated slot.It sets on the table There is locking hole corresponding with the second lock pin, folding desk board is relatively fixed with desktop when the second lock pin is placed in locking hole. As shown in figure 8, the second lock pin can be put down folding desk board, medical staff can be by body at this time after being pulled out in locking hole Body is placed in notch, to facilitate the eyes of medical staff close to microscope.
It is equipped with erecting bed 6 at the top of desktop, erecting bed can be fixed on the table, can also be slidably arranged on desktop, As shown in Figure 10, it is equipped with supporting table 63 in the top of erecting bed, two pairs of swing rods 62, swing rod is equipped between erecting bed and supporting table Lower part and the otic placode at the top of erecting bed are hinged, and swing rod top and the otic placode of supporting table bottom are hinged, the lower part of two pairs of swing rods It is hinged by shaft 7 and otic placode.Microscope and lighting system 12 are installed in supporting table, driving swing rod pendulum is equipped on erecting bed Dynamic swing unit.As shown in Figure 10, Figure 11, swing unit includes the worm gear 71 being fixed in the shaft of right side, is engaged with worm gear And be rotatably installed on holder 73 worm screw 72, be fixed on the worm shaft of worm screw driven wheel of differential 76, be fixed on top of support The journal stirrup 75 in portion, the drive bevel gear 74 for being rotatably installed on journal stirrup and being engaged with driven wheel of differential are connected with drive bevel gear Crank 77, shake crank when, the rotation of drive bevel gear can be driven, and then pass through driven wheel of differential, worm screw, worm-gear driven The swing of swing rod.Swing unit, swing rod constitute the adjustment machine that driving supporting table is moved up and down with respect to erecting bed, is moved forward and backward Structure so that microscopical height adapts to the height of old human eye, and makes microscope close to the elderly 13, to solve old age Inconvenient problem when people is close to microscope.Erecting bed, supporting table and swing rod constitute parallelogram linkage.
Extension leaf when for checking eyes to the elderly, can be pulled out a part, so that old by the utility model The leg of people can stretch between fixed table leg and gate leg, comfort when ensureing that the elderly is medical.The elderly's leg simultaneously When portion stretches under desktop, the head of the elderly and the distance between microscope are small, medical staff can be facilitated quickly to adjust aobvious The position of micro mirror.

Claims (9)

1. the slit-lamp microscope suitable for carrying out eye detection to the elderly, it includes desktop, fixed table leg and microscope and photograph Bright system, the microscope and lighting system are arranged in the top of desktop, characterized in that are equipped with and fix in the bottom of desktop right end Table leg is equipped with sliding slot in the left end of desktop, extension leaf is slidably fitted in sliding slot, work is fixed in the bottom of extension leaf Dynamic table leg is equipped with traveling wheel in the bottom of gate leg, the first lockable mechanism is equipped between extension leaf and desktop;
It is equipped with erecting bed at the top of the desktop, horizontal supporting table is equipped in the top of the erecting bed, in supporting table Microscope and lighting system are installed, are equipped with what driving supporting table was moved up and down and was moved forward and backward between supporting table and erecting bed Adjustment mechanism.
2. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 1 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that described Sliding slot is arranged in the bottom of desktop, and the sliding block being in sliding fit with the sliding chute is equipped in the front side of extension leaf and rear side.
3. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 1 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that in institute The rear side for stating desktop is equipped with notch, and folding desk board is hingedly equipped in notch, and second is equipped between folding desk board and desktop Lockable mechanism.
4. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 1 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that described First lockable mechanism includes fixed fixed cylinder on the table, is arranged in fixed cylinder and the first slide plate and first setting up and down Fixed ring, the resetting spring being arranged between the first slide plate and the first fixed ring, the compression bar being arranged on the first slide plate, setting exist Pressure handle at the top of compression bar, the lock device being connected with fixed cylinder, slide up and down the slide bar being arranged in lock device, setting slide bar with The first lock pin in slide bar bottom, the lever that is hinged in fixed cylinder is arranged in the first locking spring between lock device inner wall, Torsional spring is equipped between lever and fixed cylinder, the left end of lever is contacted with compression bar bottom under the action of torsional spring, on the right side of lever End be equipped with circular hole, baffle is fixed on slide bar, the post portion below baffle is placed in circular hole, on extension leaf be equipped with The corresponding locking hole of first lock pin.
5. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 1 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that locking Guide pipe is only equipped in the inner cavity of device, the top of slide bar is slidably mounted in guide pipe.
6. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 1 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that solid The side wall of safety barrel is equipped with strip hole, and the hinge joint of lever is placed in strip hole.
7. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 3 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that described The second slide plate and second that second lockable mechanism includes the fixator being fixed on folding desk board, is arranged in fixator are fixed Ring, the second locking spring being arranged between the second slide plate and the second fixed ring, the second lock pin being arranged on the second slide plate, The push rod being fixed on the second lock pin, the slider being fixed on push rod are equipped with lock corresponding with the second lock pin on the table Only hole is equipped with elongated slot corresponding with push rod on the holder.
8. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 1 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that described Adjustment mechanism include two pairs of swing rods being arranged between erecting bed and supporting table, driving swing rod swing swing unit, erecting bed, Supporting table and swing rod constitute parallelogram linkage.
9. the slit-lamp microscope according to claim 8 for being suitable for carrying out the elderly eye detection, characterized in that described Swing unit includes shaft between being disposed therein a pair of of swing rod hinge joint, the worm gear being fixed in shaft, is engaged with worm gear And be rotatably installed in the worm screw on holder, setting coaxial with worm screw driven wheel of differential, engaged with driven wheel of differential and rotate peace Drive bevel gear on the journal stirrup of cradle top, the crank being fixed in drive bevel gear.
CN201721714776.5U 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly Expired - Fee Related CN207928310U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721714776.5U CN207928310U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721714776.5U CN207928310U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN207928310U true CN207928310U (en) 2018-10-02

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CN201721714776.5U Expired - Fee Related CN207928310U (en) 2017-12-11 2017-12-11 Suitable for carrying out the slit-lamp microscope of eye detection to the elderly

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112273853A (en) * 2020-11-05 2021-01-29 杭州心尧贸易有限公司 Computer storage table for multimedia classroom
CN112316249A (en) * 2020-11-02 2021-02-05 魏雪 Brain pool contrast agent injection device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN112316249A (en) * 2020-11-02 2021-02-05 魏雪 Brain pool contrast agent injection device
CN112273853A (en) * 2020-11-05 2021-01-29 杭州心尧贸易有限公司 Computer storage table for multimedia classroom

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Date Code Title Description
GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20181002

Termination date: 20191211