CN207717329U - Siphon drainge system testing stand - Google Patents

Siphon drainge system testing stand Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207717329U
CN207717329U CN201721112575.8U CN201721112575U CN207717329U CN 207717329 U CN207717329 U CN 207717329U CN 201721112575 U CN201721112575 U CN 201721112575U CN 207717329 U CN207717329 U CN 207717329U
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China
Prior art keywords
storage box
water
water storage
siphon
testing stand
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CN201721112575.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
毕海权
雷波
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Southwest Jiaotong University
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of siphon drainge system testing stands, including water storage box, water supply tank, the drainpipe being connect with water storage box, connect the water supply pipe of water storage box and water supply tank, the water supply pipe is connected with water pump, it is characterized in that, it further include monitoring device, the monitoring device includes video camera, the pressure monitoring device being set on drainpipe, the flow monitoring device being set on water supply pipe, the water storage box is equipped with liquid level observation portion, the position that video camera is at least corresponded on the drainpipe is equipped with flow observation portion, the video camera, pressure monitoring device, flow monitoring device is connected with data recording equipment.The utility model compared with the prior art in experimental rig for, the utility model to siphon drainge system and study it is more comprehensive, compensate for and study single disadvantage in the prior art.The utility model is primarily adapted for use in the research to siphon drainge system.

Description

Siphon drainge system testing stand
Technical field
The utility model is related to drainage system technical field of measurement and test, are tested in particular to a kind of siphon drainge system Platform.
Background technology
The drainage procedure of siphon drainge system is complicated, formed siphon process be difficult to traditional Hydrodynamics Theory into Row analysis description.
Chinese patent literature CN103617758A provides a kind of self-circulation siphon device used for teaching experiment, including draining Case;Water storage tank is internally provided with first group of electrode and second group of electrode for detecting liquid level, first group of electrode Including public termination electrode and high liquid level electrode, second group of electrode includes the public termination electrode and low liquid level electrode, described When liquid level in water storage tank is higher than the test section of the high liquid level electrode, the water storage tank drains, in the water storage tank When liquid level is less than the test section of the low liquid level electrode, the water storage tank water inlet;Drainpipe comprising interconnected One pipeline section, N-shaped pipeline section and the second pipeline section, one end of first pipeline section connect a fluid suction head and are placed in the water tank bottom, First pipeline section is equipped with the branch pipe of an oblique under shed, and the branch pipe is equipped with vacuum pump, and the lower end of second pipeline section is prolonged It extends in the discharge casing and is provided with drain valve;Water pump, suction hose are connected to the discharge casing, outlet pipe and institute State water storage tank connection.
Self-circulation siphon device used for teaching experiment in above patent document can realize the simulation to siphon drainge system, But it cannot achieve and carries out comprehensive hydrodynamics research, carry out siphon drainage and benefit that can only be simple to siphon drainge system Water experimental implementation is more single to the research of siphon drainge system.
Utility model content
The main purpose of the utility model is to provide a kind of self-circulation siphon device used for teaching experiment, to solve existing skill More single problem is studied siphon drainge system in art.
To achieve the goals above, the utility model provides a kind of siphon drainge system testing stand, including water storage box, benefit Water tank, the drainpipe being connect with water storage box, the water supply pipe for connecting water storage box and water supply tank, the water supply pipe are connected with water pump, special Sign is, further includes monitoring device, and the monitoring device includes video camera, the pressure monitoring device that is set on drainpipe, is set The flow monitoring device being placed on water supply pipe, the water storage box are equipped with liquid level observation portion, and at least correspondence is taken the photograph on the drainpipe The position of camera is equipped with flow observation portion, and the video camera, pressure monitoring device, flow monitoring device are and data recording equipment It is connected.
It as a result, can be according to video camera and flow observation portion by the siphon drainge system testing stand of above-mentioned the utility model The real-time change of flow state of flow is shot, specific camera site is decided according to the actual requirements;It can also be real-time by pressure-detecting device Detect the pressure value of drainpipe flow;Flow monitoring device can monitor flow real-time traffic situation in real time;Liquid level observation portion energy Enough convenient observations in real time and record liquid level variation, liquid level delta data manually recorded can arrive data recording equipment;It is above-mentioned to be collected into Change of flow state, pressure value, flow, can be reflected to data recording equipment in real time, to record data be convenient for siphon The comprehensive of drainage system is researched and analysed.
Flow monitoring device is set to the influence that flow monitoring device is avoided on water supply pipe to drainpipe flow-shape.This Utility model is arranged in terms of change of flow state, pressure value, flow and liquid level change these on siphon drainge system corresponding Thus siphon drainge system research structure single in the prior art is substituted in research structure.
Further, one end of the drainpipe connection water storage box is equipped with siphon bucket.As a result, water storage box side is more Simulation siphon drainage carries out drain operation well.
Further, the holder of installation siphon bucket is equipped in the water storage box.Thus preferably siphon bucket is installed In cistern interior.
Further, it is transversely provided with water retaining separater in the water storage box.Thus, it is possible to make the water level of cistern interior more Add steady.
Further, the drainpipe includes sequentially connected starting pipeline section, suspention pipeline section, standpipe section, the pressure inspection It includes the pressure transmitter for being respectively arranged at suspention pipeline section beginning and end to survey device.It is achieved in and drainpipe water flow pressure is become The monitoring of change.
Further, the tail end of the standpipe section is connected to water supply tank.So that the utility model water storage box and moisturizing Circulating water flow structure is constituted between case, saves water resource.
Further, liquid level observation portion includes at least being set to the hyalomere of water storage lower box part and being set to transparent Liquid level scale at portion.So that liquid level observation portion is simple in structure, additional increase experimentation cost is not had to.
Further, the flow view portion includes see-through section.So that flow view portion structure is simpler, no Increase experimentation cost with additional.
Further, further include that the temperature monitoring device being connected with data recording equipment and pressure pass in the water storage box Sensor.Thus, it is possible to detect water temperature and pressure change in water storage box in real time.
Further, the data recording equipment includes recording instrument without paper, oscillograph.Thus recording instrument without paper and oscillography Device can receive the data such as pressure, liquid level variation, change of flow state, changes in flow rate, pressure that above-mentioned data recording equipment receives, Liquid level, flow, change of flow state data carry out data processing according to moving average filter method.
As it can be seen that the above-mentioned change of flow state being collected into, pressure value, flow, it can be reflected to data recording equipment in real time, from And record data, compared with the prior art in experimental rig for, compensate for and study single disadvantage in the prior art.This Utility model is primarily adapted for use in the research to siphon drainge system.
The utility model is described further with reference to the accompanying drawings and detailed description.The utility model is additional Aspect and advantage will be set forth in part in the description, and partly will become apparent from the description below, or through the invention Practice recognize.
Description of the drawings
The attached drawing for constituting the part of the utility model is used for assisting the understanding of the present invention, the content provided in attached drawing And its related explanation can be used for explaining the utility model in the present invention, but the improper limit to the utility model is not constituted It is fixed.In the accompanying drawings:
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the vertical view of water storage box in the utility model.
Fig. 3 is the front view of water storage box in the utility model.
Related label in above-mentioned attached drawing be:
1:Water storage box;
11:Water storage box main body;
12:Partition board;
13:Holder;
14:Siphon bucket;
15:Liquid level scale;
2:Water supply tank;
21:Water pump;
3:Flowmeter;
4:Video camera;
51:Recording instrument without paper;
52:Oscillograph;
6:Pressure transmitter;
71:Tailpipe section;
72:Suspend pipeline section in midair;
73:Standpipe section;
8:Water supply pipe;
91:Temperature monitoring device;
92:Pressure sensor.
Specific implementation mode
Clear, complete explanation is carried out to the utility model below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.Those of ordinary skill in the art based on The utility model will be realized in the case of these explanations.Before being illustrated to the utility model in conjunction with attached drawing, spy is needed It is not pointed out that:
Technical solution and technical characteristic in the utility model provided in each section including following the description, In the case of not conflicting, these technical solutions and technical characteristic can be combined with each other.
In addition, involved in following the description to the embodiments of the present invention be generally only one branch of the utility model reality Example is applied, instead of all the embodiments.Therefore, the embodiments of the present invention are based on, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having There is the every other embodiment obtained under the premise of making creative work, should all belong to the model of the utility model protection It encloses.
About term in the utility model and unit.In description and claims of this specification and related part Term " comprising ", " having " and their any deformation, it is intended that cover and non-exclusive include.
Siphon drainge system testing stand, including water storage box 1, water supply tank 2, the drainpipe being connect with water storage box 1, connection water storage The water supply pipe 8 of case 1 and water supply tank 2, the water supply pipe 8 are connected with water pump 21, further include monitoring device, and the monitoring device includes taking the photograph Camera 4, the pressure monitoring device being set on drainpipe, the flow monitoring device being set on water supply pipe 8, the water storage box 1 It is equipped with liquid level observation portion, the position of video camera 4 at least correspond on the drainpipe equipped with flow observation portion, the video camera 4, Pressure monitoring device, flow monitoring device are connected with data recording equipment.
One end of the drainpipe connection water storage box 1 is equipped with siphon bucket 14.
The holder 13 of installation siphon bucket 14 is equipped in the water storage box 1.
Water retaining separater 12 is transversely provided in the water storage box 1.
The drainpipe includes sequentially connected starting pipeline section 71, suspention pipeline section 72, standpipe section 73, the pressure detecting dress Set the pressure transmitter 6 including being respectively arranged at suspention 72 beginning and end of pipeline section.
The tail end of the standpipe section 73 is connected to water supply tank 2.
Liquid level observation portion includes the liquid for being at least set to the hyalomere of 1 lower part of water storage box and being set at hyalomere Position scale 15.
The flow view portion includes see-through section.
Further include the temperature monitoring device 91 and pressure sensor being connected with data recording equipment in the water storage box 1 92。
The data recording equipment includes recording instrument without paper 51, oscillograph 52.
As shown in Figure 1, siphon drainge system testing stand includes water storage box 1, moisturizing in specific embodiment of the present invention Case 2, aloft position, the setting of water supply tank 2 pass through the installation of the water storage box 1 between lower position, water storage box 1 and water supply tank 2 Drainpipe and water supply pipe 8 connect and compose a water-flow circuit, and the drainpipe includes the tail pipe to connect with 1 water outlet of water storage box Section 71, with tailpipe section 71 by the suspention pipeline section 72 of flanged joint, one end and suspention pipeline section 72 by flanged joint, the other end with The water outlet that water inlet on 73. water storage box 1 of standpipe section of 2 water inlet of water supply tank connection passes through water supply pipe 8 and water supply tank 2 It is connected, the water inlet end of water supply pipe 8 is equipped with water pump 21.
The wherein described water storage box 1, drainpipe are the pipeline that transparent material is constituted.
The water supply pipe 8 is equipped with flowmeter 3.
The beginning and end of the suspention pipeline section 72 is designed with pressure transmitter 6.
Flowmeter 3 is connected with recording instrument without paper 51 with pressure transmitter 6, the recording instrument without paper 51 and 52 phase of oscillograph Even.
The recording instrument without paper 51 is also connected with video camera 4, and the video camera 4 is high-speed camera.4 face of the video camera The setting of suspention pipeline section 72, for shooting suspention 72 water flow inside fluidised form of pipeline section.
The water storage box 1 is also connected with temperature monitoring device 91 and pressure sensor 92, the temperature monitoring device 91 and pressure Force snesor 92 is also connected with recording instrument without paper 51 respectively.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, the water storage box 1 includes box main body 11, is vertically arranged at the holder of 11 central part of box main body 13, the holder 13 is T-type frame, and the siphon bucket being connected with drainpipe water inlet is equipped on the level board of the T-type frame 14.T-type frame both sides are transversely provided with partition board 12 between 1 inner wall of box main body.The bottom of the water storage box 1 is equipped with Liquid level scale 15。
Water storage box 1 carries out welding production by transparent PVC rigid plastic sheet in present embodiment.Siphon bucket 14 is using general Logical TY56 type siphon rainwater heads.Flowmeter 3 is electromagnetic flowmeter, 0~180m3/h of range, 1.0 grades of precision.Temperature monitoring fills It is mercurial thermometer to set 91, and range is -30~100 DEG C.Video camera 4 24~240fps of frame per second, 480~1080P of resolution ratio.Pressure 6 a part of range of power transmitter is 0~10KPa, 0.25 grade of precision;A part of -100~+100KPa of range, 0.25 grade of precision.
To increase System drainage amount, reducing is arranged in tailpipe section 7 and 72 junction of suspention pipeline section in the utility model, practical Concordant bias reducing, reaches same effect using the eccentric flange of customization herein in the reducing generally use of drainage pipeline.Rule Model provides in Practical Project that column pipe can be arranged without the gradient or along slope, does not answer adverse slope, suspends pipeline section 72 in midair in present embodiment Be designed as the laying of the no gradient, suspention 7 end of pipeline section is connect by an elbow with standpipe section 73, standpipe section 73 answer it is vertically-mounted, End is set as free discharge.The same streamflow regime for convenience of in observation tube road, all drainage pipelines also use U-PVC transparent Pipeline, pipeline enclosure are all made of flanged joint.
The water charging system of experimental bench setting includes the one water supply tank 2 that width is 1.5m × 1.5m × 1m that grows tall, water supply pipe 8, water pump 21 etc..Water pump 21 is metered flow 86.6m3/h, the single-stage single-suction vertical type pipe centrifugal pump of rated head 24m, in water Pump 21 is front and back and the junction of cisterns 1 and water supply pipe 8 on be mounted with butterfly valve respectively, facilitate water pump 21 to overhaul and flow tune Section.Water supply tank 2 is open water tank, and to prevent 21 performance of impurity effect water pump, y-type filter is mounted in 21 front end of water pump. When experiment, after opening water pump 21, the water of water supply tank 2 is promoted by water pump 21, is transported to water storage box 1, is completed real-time moisturizing work Make.
When the utility model is used, experiment it is expected to obtain the dynamic rule of siphon drainage process, including drainpipe Real-time change of flow state, pressure change, the displacement situation of change in road.
(1) fluidised form monitors
Fluidised form monitoring part is recorded using high-speed camera, in order to shoot the flow picture being more clear, before experiment Can be added in water tank clear water not influences the band color substance of water quality, selects red ink to be handled in this experiment.
(2) pressure monitoring
1,2 monitoring point is set on suspention pipeline section, i.e., respectively in the beginning and end of suspention pipeline section, in record position 1 1 pressure transmitter 6 is installed respectively at place and 2, due to it is to be tested be duct static pressure, when installation, opens one at the top of pipeline and hangs down Directly in the static pressure tapping of pipeline, then by plastic flexible pipe pressure port is connect with pressure inverting 6.
(3) flow monitoring
There are water-air two phase flow state, real-time traffic to be difficult to be tested by flowmeter 3 during siphon drainage, and not Flowmeter is installed preferably on drainage pipeline influences fluidised form, this experiment obtains real-time displacement using indirectly testing method.I.e. in moisturizing Flowmeter 3 is installed on pipe 8 and tests rate of water make-up size, and liquid level test point is arranged in the bottom of water storage box 1, by rate of water make-up and Liquid level changes to reflect the situation of change of displacement.To ensure that measuring accuracy and response speed, flowmeter 3 use reliability It is good, zero point stability, the electromagnetic flowmeter of wide range of measurement.Liquid level is still tested using pressure transmitter 6, then calculates liquid level Value directly observes level condition in addition, being also provided with Liquid level scale 15 on the surface of water storage box 1 for rough.In order to simultaneously Liquid level is recorded, pressure, the situation of change of flow, uses oscillograph and a recording instrument without paper is recorded.In addition to this, Experiment water temperature is tested using mercurial thermometer, the density and viscosity value of water when convenient for more accurately obtaining experiment.
Pressure that above-mentioned instrument test obtains, liquid level, data on flows carry out data processing according to moving average filter method.Most Each side's face data of siphon drainge system can be obtained eventually, be thus conducive to more accurately study siphon drainge system.
The related content of the utility model is illustrated above.Those of ordinary skill in the art are based on these explanations In the case of will realize the utility model.The above based on the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not having There is the every other embodiment obtained under the premise of making creative work, should all belong to the model of the utility model protection It encloses.

Claims (10)

1. siphon drainge system testing stand, including water storage box (1), water supply tank (2), the drainpipe being connect with water storage box (1), connection The water supply pipe (8) of water storage box (1) and water supply tank (2), the water supply pipe (8) are connected with water pump (21), which is characterized in that further include prison Device is surveyed, the monitoring device includes video camera (4), the pressure monitoring device being set on drainpipe, is set to water supply pipe (8) On flow monitoring device, the water storage box (1) is equipped with liquid level observation portion, at least corresponds to video camera (4) on the drainpipe Position be equipped with flow observation portion, the video camera (4), pressure monitoring device, flow monitoring device are and data recording equipment It is connected.
2. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the drainpipe connection water storage box (1) One end be equipped with siphon bucket (14).
3. siphon drainge system testing stand as claimed in claim 2, which is characterized in that be equipped with installation in the water storage box (1) The holder (13) of siphon bucket (14).
4. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that be transversely provided in the water storage box (1) Water retaining separater (12).
5. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the drainpipe includes sequentially connected Pipeline section (71), suspention pipeline section (72), standpipe section (73) are originated, the pressure-detecting device includes being respectively arranged at suspention pipeline section (72) pressure transmitter (6) of beginning and end.
6. siphon drainge system testing stand as claimed in claim 5, which is characterized in that the tail end and benefit of the standpipe section (73) Water tank (2) is connected to.
7. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that liquid level observation portion includes at least setting The Liquid level scale (15) for being placed in the hyalomere of water storage box (1) lower part and being set at hyalomere.
8. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that liquid level observation portion includes transparent pipe Section.
9. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that further include in the water storage box (1) with The connected temperature monitoring device (91) of data recording equipment and pressure sensor (92).
10. siphon drainge system testing stand as described in claim 1, which is characterized in that the data recording equipment includes nothing Paper recorder (51), oscillograph (52).
CN201721112575.8U 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Siphon drainge system testing stand Active CN207717329U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721112575.8U CN207717329U (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Siphon drainge system testing stand

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721112575.8U CN207717329U (en) 2017-08-31 2017-08-31 Siphon drainge system testing stand

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207717329U true CN207717329U (en) 2018-08-10

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109612753A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-04-12 江苏大学 A kind of siphon pipeline transportation performance testing stand
CN111999048A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-27 临海伟星新型建材有限公司 Pressure detection device and detection method for drainage vertical pipe

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109612753A (en) * 2018-11-16 2019-04-12 江苏大学 A kind of siphon pipeline transportation performance testing stand
CN111999048A (en) * 2020-08-14 2020-11-27 临海伟星新型建材有限公司 Pressure detection device and detection method for drainage vertical pipe

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