CN207680287U - A kind of pulse bag type dust collector - Google Patents

A kind of pulse bag type dust collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207680287U
CN207680287U CN201721775000.4U CN201721775000U CN207680287U CN 207680287 U CN207680287 U CN 207680287U CN 201721775000 U CN201721775000 U CN 201721775000U CN 207680287 U CN207680287 U CN 207680287U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
air
shell
dust collector
type dust
bag type
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721775000.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
马志刚
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Liyang Zhongke Environmental Protection Machinery Co Ltd
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Liyang Zhongke Environmental Protection Machinery Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201721775000.4U priority Critical patent/CN207680287U/en
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Publication of CN207680287U publication Critical patent/CN207680287U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of pulse bag type dust collectors, belong to air cleaning facility field, it is intended to provide a kind of pulse bag type dust collector of dust removing effects in the inertial separation region that can improve deduster, it is characterized in that, a kind of pulse bag type dust collector, including shell and dust compartment, it is provided with air-purifying chamber in the shell, inertia settling chamber and Bag filter room, the air-purifying chamber is communicated with wind pipe, the inertia settling chamber is communicated with air inlet, it is provided with filter assemblies and pulse blowing component in the Bag filter room, eddy flow component is provided between the side wall of the inertia settling chamber, the eddy flow component includes center of circle disk, swirl vane and circle ring rack;The swirl vane is obliquely installed, and one end of the swirl vane is fixedly connected with center of circle disk and along the circumferencial direction array of center of circle disk, and the other end of the swirl vane is fixedly connected with circle ring rack.

Description

A kind of pulse bag type dust collector
Technical field
The utility model is related to a kind of air cleaning facility, more particularly to a kind of pulse bag type dust collector.
Background technology
Pulse bag type dust collector is a kind of dry dust removal apparatus, also referred to as filtration dust catcher, it is to utilize fibrous braid The bag type filter elements of making trap the dust-extraction unit of solid particulate matter in dusty gas, have high dust collection efficiency, use spirit The advantages that living, stable, is widely used in the dust purification of each industrial circle such as mine, cement, building materials.Its action principle It is that dust is intercepted when by fiber cloth because of effect of inertia and fiber contacts, the dust collected on filter bag is periodically by clear Dust compartment is removed and fallen into apparatus for ash, then is discharged by ash discharge component.In wood working industry, due to the dirt contained in air-flow Grain is larger, also solid and gas separation can be carried out to dusty gas using inertial separation principle in the deduster, to reach better filtering Effect.
The Chinese patent of Publication No. CN102294155A discloses a kind of pulse bag type dust collector, including air-purifying chamber, It is equipped with negative-pressure air fan in the air-purifying chamber, is equipped with air outlet in the negative-pressure air fan side, dress of eliminating the noise is equipped with outside air outlet It sets;It is equipped with pulser below the negative-pressure air fan and air outlet, one group of filter bag is equipped with below the pulser, in institute State holder of the air-purifying chamber lower part equipped with an ash bucket and the fixed air-purifying chamber and ash bucket;On the ash bucket be equipped with baiting valve and Air inlet.
Above-mentioned this pulse bag type dust collector, when dust enters ash bucket from air inlet, thicker dust can be because of its dead weight first Fall in ash bucket, but it is this to the pretreated mode of dust is only by dust conduct oneself with dignity in a manner of fall naturally, treatment effect compared with Difference.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of pulse bag type dust collector, has the inertial separation that can improve deduster The advantageous effect of pre- dedusting effect in region.
The above-mentioned technical purpose of the utility model technical scheme is that:
A kind of pulse bag type dust collector, including shell and the dust compartment that is connected to housing bottom, the upside in the shell The wind pipe for being provided with air-purifying chamber and being connected to air-purifying chamber is connected with negative-pressure air fan, the shell at the wind pipe The interior lower zone positioned at air-purifying chamber by barrier partitions at inertia settling chamber and Bag filter room, the one of the inertia settling chamber Side is provided with air inlet, and filter assemblies and pulse blowing component are provided in the Bag filter room;
Eddy flow component is provided between the side wall of the inertia settling chamber, the eddy flow component includes center of circle disk, eddy flow leaf Piece and circle ring rack;
The swirl vane is obliquely installed, and one end of the swirl vane is fixedly connected with center of circle disk and along the circle of center of circle disk The other end of circumferential direction array, the swirl vane is fixedly connected with circle ring rack;
The center of circle disk is fixed between the side wall of inertia settling chamber, the radial direction of the center of circle disk and the air inlet into Wind direction is vertical.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when dusty gas passes through eddy flow component, can by swirl vane guiding role and Rotation forms vortex, and swirl vane can stop the motion path of grit in gas, and increase its contact with dusty gas Time, so that grit can be kept out by eddy flow component and drop down onto in dust compartment, so that inertia settling chamber can be more Effectively grit larger in air-flow is detached, reaches preferably pre- dust removing effects.
Further, it is both provided with flow-stopping plate on two side opposite in the inertial settling room, the flow-stopping plate is located at The top of the eddy flow component.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, flow-stopping plate can stop the path that air-flow moves upwards, while by gas The larger grit gear contained in stream drops down onto in dust compartment, so as to further increase the effect for detaching dedusting in inertial settling room Fruit.
Further, the flow-stopping plate is tilted down far from itself and the fixed one end of inertia settling chamber side wall.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when grit is more to be attached on flow-stopping plate, since one end of flow-stopping plate is downward It tilts, the grit of accumulation can downwards slide by conducting oneself with dignity and along the inclined trend of flow-stopping plate, so that on flow-stopping plate not Easy dust stratification is excessive.
Further, the filter assemblies include card and several filter bags, and the card is fixedly installed on Bag filter room Side wall between, the sack of several filter bags is fixed on by elastic expansion ring on card.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when dusty gas is through filter bag, contained tiny grit can be by gas Filter bag absorbs and filter, to achieve the effect that further to filter to dusty gas.
Further, the pulse blowing component includes gas storage packet, several injection tubes and the nozzle in injection tube;
The outer wall of the shell is fixedly installed mounting plate, and the gas storage packet is set on mounting plate, several injections Length direction array setting and one end of the pipe along gas storage packet are connect by impulse electromagnetic valve with gas storage packet, and the other end passes through shell simultaneously The upside of the filter bag is extended to, the nozzle is located at the surface of each filter bag.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when filter bag work can adhere to dust stratification, electromagnetic impulse valve in its surface after a certain period of time It capable of periodically being opened and closed by PLC controls so that the compressed air in gas storage packet can be blown filter bag by nozzle, so as to It is enough to remove dust stratification on filter bag in time so that filter bag can keep preferable dust filtering effect.
Further, ash discharge component is provided in the dust compartment, the ash discharge component includes that driving motor and conveying twist Dragon, the conveying auger are placed horizontally at the bottom of the dust compartment along the length direction of dust compartment;
The driving motor is installed on the side wall of dust compartment, and the side far from driving motor offers row on the dust compartment Grey mouth.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, ash discharging hole is opened, driving motor drives conveying auger rotation can be by dust compartment Dust stratification automatically from ash discharging hole be discharged, to facilitate the cleaning of dust stratification in dust compartment, saved manpower and materials.
Further, it is provided through installing port on the shell, pressure port, the pressure release are provided in the installing port Arbitrary a side and housing hinge of door, its excess-three side of the pressure port and the side wall of installing port are clamped.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, when accidental explosion occurs for shell, internal pressure is increased rapidly and will be let out Pressure gate flicks, and pressure release is carried out by pressure port, so that the components such as the filter bag of enclosure interior, card are hardly damaged.
Further, the shape of the dust compartment is tapered.
By using above-mentioned technical proposal, dust compartment such as if cuboid other shapes when bottom have more grit And can not be conveyed by conveying auger, by dust compartment be arranged it is tapered grit can be made to drop down onto in dust compartment after rapidly towards it Bottom is gathered, so as to facilitate conveying auger to carry out dispatch to grit.
In conclusion the utility model has the advantages that:
1. by the setting of inertia settling chamber inward eddy component, can increase with the contact area of dusty gas and duration simultaneously It is stopped, so that larger grit can be more efficiently separated to dust compartment;
2. by the setting of flow-stopping plate, further larger grit can be stopped, to make inertia settling chamber Dust removing effects are more excellent;
3. by the setting of pulse blowing component, periodically the dust stratification on filter bag can be cleared up, to enable filter bag Enough keep preferable filter effect.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is in the present embodiment for embodying whole structural schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram for embodying enclosure interior in the present embodiment;
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram for embodying eddy flow component in the present embodiment;
Fig. 4 is in the present embodiment for embodying the structural schematic diagram inside dust compartment.
In figure, 1, shell;11, air-purifying chamber;111, baffle;112, wind pipe;113, negative-pressure air fan;12, inertial settling Room;121, air inlet;122, flow-stopping plate;13, Bag filter room;14, installing port;141, pressure port;15, mounting plate;2, dust Storehouse;21, ash discharging hole;3, mounting bracket;4, guardrail;5, eddy flow component;51, center of circle disk;52, swirl vane;53, circle ring rack; 6, filter assemblies;61, card;62, filter bag;7, pulse blowing component;71, gas storage packet;72, injection tube;73, nozzle;74, pulse Solenoid valve;8, ash discharge component;81, driving motor;82, conveying auger.
Specific implementation mode
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with attached drawing.
Wherein identical parts are presented with like reference characters.It should be noted that word used in the following description Language "front", "rear", "left", "right", "up" and "down" refer to the direction in attached drawing, word " bottom surface " and " top surface ", "inner" and "outside" refers respectively to the direction towards or away from geometric center of specific component.
A kind of pulse bag type dust collector, as shown in Figure 1, including the dust compartment 2 of shell 1 and taper, dust compartment 2 is fixedly installed In the bottom of shell 1 and communicate therewith.The bottom of dust compartment 2 is provided with mounting bracket 3, the top of shell 1 is provided with guardrail 4。
As illustrated in fig. 1 and 2, the upside in shell 1 is provided with air-purifying chamber 11, and the side of air-purifying chamber 11 is communicated with discharge pipe Road 112, the one end of wind pipe 112 far from air-purifying chamber 11 are connected with negative-pressure air fan 113.It is fixed in the downside of air-purifying chamber 11 perpendicular The region division of 11 lower section of air-purifying chamber in shell 1 is inertia settling chamber 12 and Bag filter room by straight baffle 111, baffle 111 13, the bottom of Bag filter room 13 is connected to inertia settling chamber 12, and the top of inertia settling chamber 12 is connected to air-purifying chamber 11, inertia Air inlet 121 is additionally provided on the side wall of expansion chamber 12.
As shown in Figures 2 and 3, array is provided with several eddy flow components 5 vertical with air inlet direction in inertia settling chamber 12, The eddy flow component 5 is by center of circle disk 51, several swirl vanes 52 and the circle ring rack between 12 side wall of inertia settling chamber 53 compositions.Swirl vane 52 is arranged along the circumferencial direction array of center of circle disk 51, the one end of swirl vane 52 far from center of circle disk 51 It is fixedly connected with the inner wall of circle ring rack 53, and every swirl vane 52 tilts identical angle each along same direction.When containing It can be with mussily with larger potential energy, air-flow when dust and gas body is discharged into (referring to Fig. 1) to inertia settling chamber 12 from air inlet 121 Flow direction play in inertia settling chamber 12, when air-flow can be formed by eddy flow component 5 by the guiding role of swirl vane 52 Vortex so that the air distribution of air inlet 121 is more uniform;Swirl vane 52 can stop the motion path of grit in gas simultaneously, So that larger grit can be kept out by eddy flow component 5 and be dropped down onto in dust compartment 2 (referring to Fig. 1) by dead weight, increase The separation dust removing effects of inertia settling chamber 12.
As shown in Fig. 2, being both provided with flow-stopping plate along its length on two side opposite in inertia settling chamber 12 122, flow-stopping plate 122 is tilted down far from itself and 12 fixed one end of inertia settling chamber.Flow-stopping plate 122 can be further to gas The path that stream moves upwards is stopped, to keep the effect of the separation dedusting of inertia settling chamber 12 more excellent, while baffle Plate 122 tilts down the grit that can also enable its downside gather and quickly drops down onto in dust compartment 2 (referring to Fig. 1).
As shown in Fig. 2, be provided with filter assemblies 6 in Bag filter room 13, the filter assemblies 6 include several filter bags 62 with And the card 61 for installing filter bag 62, card 61 are fixedly installed on the side wall of Bag filter room 13.Filter bag 62 is relied on and is sewn in The elastic expansion ring (not shown) of its sack snaps the sack of filter bag 62 on card 61, and sack need to be only flattened when changing bag It can be taken out at falcate.When still containing tiny dust in the dust-contained airflow after the separation of inertia settling chamber 12, through cloth bag Filter bag 62 can be absorbed and filter behind filter chamber 13, to achieve the effect that further to filter to dusty gas.
As filtering operating mode constantly carries out, the dust that product is attached on 62 surface of filter bag is also continuously increased, and will correspondingly be increased The running resistance of oil (gas) filling device.To ensure the normal operation of component, it is necessary to carry out deashing to reach to shake off the dust on filter bag 62, drop The purpose of low equipment resistance.Therefore, as shown in Fig. 2, being additionally provided with pulse blowing component 7 in shell 1 comprising gas storage packet 71, several injection tubes 72 and several nozzles 73.The outer wall of shell 1 is provided with the mounting plate for being horizontally arranged gas storage packet 71 15;Injection tube 72 is set to the top of card 61 along the length direction array of gas storage packet 71, and one end of injection tube 72 passes through pulse Solenoid valve 74 is connect with gas storage packet 71, and the other end passes through shell 1 and extends to the upside of filter bag 62, and nozzle 73 is set to each filter The surface of bag 62.Electromagnetic impulse valve can be controlled by PLC and timing opens and closes so that the compressed air in gas storage packet 71 can lead to It crosses nozzle 73 and counterblast injection is carried out to filter bag 62,62 instantaneous expansion of filter bag is simultaneously acutely shaken, so that being attached to its surface Dust be detached from rapidly and drop down onto in dust compartment 2 (referring to Fig. 1), and then filter bag 62 is made to keep preferable filter effect.This implementation Impulse electromagnetic valve 74 employed in example is manufactured by Shanghai Huan Yong Self controlling valves Co., Ltd.
As shown in figure 4, being provided with ash discharge component 8 in dust compartment 2, which includes driving motor 81 (referring to figure And conveying auger 82 1).Conveying auger 82 is placed horizontally at its bottom along the length direction of dust compartment 2;Driving motor 81 is installed on On the side wall of dust compartment 2, the side far from driving motor 81 on dust compartment 2 offers ash discharging hole 21.When in dust compartment 2 grit compared with Man Shi opens ash discharging hole 21, and driving motor 81 drives conveying auger 82 to rotate, just can be by its internal dust stratification automatically from ash discharge Mouth 21 is discharged.
As shown in Fig. 2, being additionally provided with installing port 14 on shell 1, pressure port 141 is provided in installing port 14.Pressure port 141 sides are articulated on shell 1, and side wall of remaining side with installing port 14 by way of clamping is fixed.It is let out in installation It when pressure gate 141, is first buckled in installing port 14, then recycles loose-leaf to realize the hinge of pressure port 141 and 1 side wall of shell It connects.When accidental explosion occurs for shell 1, internal pressure increases rapidly, and pressure port 141 can automatically spring open and to shell at this time 1 inside of body carries out pressure release, so that its internal pulse blowing component 7, filter assemblies 6 etc. are not easy to be seriously damaged.
Specific implementation process:Start negative-pressure air fan 113, dusty gas is fed through inertia settling chamber 12 through air inlet 121 It is interior, in air-flow the blocking of larger grit via swirler assembly 5 and flow-stopping plate 122 can by dead weight drop down onto in dust compartment 2, then should Air-flow carries out secondary filter using Bag filter room 13, and final clean air-flow is from 112 row of air-purifying chamber 11 and wind pipe Go out.
This specific embodiment is only the explanation to the utility model, is not limitations of the present invention, ability Field technique personnel can as needed make the present embodiment the modification of not creative contribution after reading this specification, but As long as all being protected by Patent Law in the right of the utility model.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector, including shell (1) and the dust compartment (2) that is connected to shell (1) bottom, the shell (1) wind pipe (112) that the upside in is provided with air-purifying chamber (11) and is connected to air-purifying chamber (11), the wind pipe (112) it is connected with negative-pressure air fan (113), the lower zone that air-purifying chamber (11) is located in the shell (1) passes through baffle (111) point It is divided into inertia settling chamber (12) and Bag filter room (13), the side of the inertia settling chamber (12) is provided with air inlet (121), Filter assemblies (6) and pulse blowing component (7) are provided in the Bag filter room (13), it is characterized in that:The inertial settling Eddy flow component (5) is provided between the side wall of room (12), the eddy flow component (5) includes center of circle disk (51), swirl vane (52) With circle ring rack (53);
The swirl vane (52) is obliquely installed, and one end of the swirl vane (52) is fixedly connected and with center of circle disk (51) along circle The other end of the circumferencial direction array of cartridge (51), the swirl vane (52) is fixedly connected with circle ring rack (53);
The center of circle disk (51) is fixed between the side wall of inertia settling chamber (12), the radial direction of the center of circle disk (51) with it is described into The air inlet direction in air port (121) is vertical.
2. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is opposite in the inertia settling chamber (12) Two side on be both provided with flow-stopping plate (122), the flow-stopping plate (122) is located at the top of the eddy flow component (5).
3. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:The flow-stopping plate (122) far from its with Inertia settling chamber (12) fixed one end of side wall tilts down.
4. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The filter assemblies (6) include card (61) it is fixedly installed between the side wall of Bag filter room (13) with several filter bags (62), the card (61), several filters The sack of bag (62) is fixed on by elastic expansion ring on card (61).
5. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 4, it is characterized in that:The pulse blowing component (7) includes Gas storage packet (71), several injection tubes (72) and the nozzle (73) in injection tube (72);
The outer wall of the shell (1) is fixedly installed mounting plate (15), and the gas storage packet (71) is set on mounting plate (15), if It does length direction array setting and one end of the injection tube (72) along gas storage packet (71) and passes through impulse electromagnetic valve (74) and gas storage (71) connection is wrapped, the other end passes through shell (1) and extends to the upside of the filter bag (62), and the nozzle (73) is located at each institute State the surface of filter bag (62).
6. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The row of being provided in the dust compartment (2) Grey component (8), the ash discharge component (8) include driving motor (81) and conveying auger (82);
The conveying auger (82) is placed horizontally at the bottom of the dust compartment (2), the drive along the length direction of dust compartment (2) Dynamic motor (81) is installed on the side wall of dust compartment (2), and the side far from driving motor (81) offers row on the dust compartment (2) Grey mouth (21).
7. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:It is provided through on the shell (1) Installing port (14), the installing port (14) is interior to be provided with pressure port (141), arbitrary a side and shell of the pressure port (141) Body (1) is hinged, its excess-three side of the pressure port (141) is clamped with the side wall of installing port (14).
8. a kind of pulse bag type dust collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The shape of the dust compartment (2) is in cone Shape.
CN201721775000.4U 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of pulse bag type dust collector Expired - Fee Related CN207680287U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721775000.4U CN207680287U (en) 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of pulse bag type dust collector

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721775000.4U CN207680287U (en) 2017-12-18 2017-12-18 A kind of pulse bag type dust collector

Publications (1)

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CN207680287U true CN207680287U (en) 2018-08-03

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108905484A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-11-30 陕西富兴环保科技有限公司 The pre- device for reducing dust of Industrial Stoves adjustable flue gas
CN110302627A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-08 正阳县创鑫机械有限公司 A kind of harvesting peanut dust removal device

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108905484A (en) * 2018-09-26 2018-11-30 陕西富兴环保科技有限公司 The pre- device for reducing dust of Industrial Stoves adjustable flue gas
CN108905484B (en) * 2018-09-26 2023-12-22 佛山市伊清环保工程技术有限公司 Adjustable smoke pre-dust-settling device for industrial kiln
CN110302627A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-10-08 正阳县创鑫机械有限公司 A kind of harvesting peanut dust removal device

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180803

Termination date: 20191218

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee