CN207639203U - A kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube - Google Patents

A kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207639203U
CN207639203U CN201721197638.4U CN201721197638U CN207639203U CN 207639203 U CN207639203 U CN 207639203U CN 201721197638 U CN201721197638 U CN 201721197638U CN 207639203 U CN207639203 U CN 207639203U
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China
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resistance
winter jujube
triode
diode
artificial
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721197638.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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姜雨彤
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姜雨彤
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/12Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries using renewable energies, e.g. solar water pumping

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of artificial vasculums of winter jujube,Including babinet and positioning picking lever,The box house is hollow structure,It is equipped with power supply box in the bottom of box,The top of babinet is equipped with solar panels,The block top surface is equipped with flexible baffle,The body side is set there are two shoulder strap,Installation by adhering has electric-quantity display device on the outer wall of the power supply box,It is electrically connected between power supply box and solar panels,Negative-pressure air fan is installed on the left side wall of box house,The present apparatus passes through solar powered,And have the function of that intelligent power control and electricity are shown,Increase the cruising ability of the present apparatus and saves electric energy,Picking lever is positioned in use by shaft and adjustment gear to adjust the height and picking angle of accepting case,The simple and convenient accuracy of regulative mode is high,Winter jujube is picked with vibration mode by vibration rod,Winter jujube tree is damaged small,Semiautomatic control mode greatly reduces artificial work,It improves operating efficiency and reduces the damage of winter jujube in picking process.

Description

A kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube
Technical field
The utility model is related to winter jujube picker, specifically a kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube.
Background technology
Winter jujube (also known as tricolour amaranth, apple jujube, rock sugar jujube, Huanghua winter jujube, winter jujube, Zhanhua winter jujube on mausoleum) is north Shandong One high-quality late-maturing fresh variety.Winter jujube belongs to Rhamnaceae, zizyphus.It is a late-maturing fresh food improved seeds for stingless jujube tree.Point It is distributed in the ground such as Shanxi, Hebei, Shandong.Winter jujube generally in natural maturity in solar calendar October-November, because northern weather enter to tremble with fear it is relatively early, It hence obtains one's name " winter jujube ".The maximum feature of winter jujube is that Vitamin C content is high, and every 100 grams of pulp Vitamin C contents are up to 380 ~600 milligrams.
The winter jujube kind of China's plantation at present includes mainly high clump winter jujube and half high clump winter jujube, wherein the plant height of high clump winter jujube For 2m or so, picked mostly using manual type when carrying out the picking of winter jujube, but for the higher winter jujube of growing height When fruit is picked, manual work can encounter larger problem, for example lift and be difficult to normally exert a force and cause fruit when hand getting is plucked Breakage and branches and leaves damage, and pluck can be very tired for lift hand getting for a long time, and largely effects on the efficiency of picking.
Utility model content
It is mentioned above in the background art to solve the purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube Problem.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides the following technical solutions:
A kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube, including babinet and positioning picking lever, the box house is hollow structure, in babinet Bottom is equipped with power supply box, and the top of babinet is equipped with solar panels, and the power supply box top surface is equipped with flexible baffle, the case-side Face is set there are two shoulder strap, and installation by adhering has electric-quantity display device on the outer wall of the power supply box, between power supply box and solar panels It is electrically connected, negative-pressure air fan is installed on the left side wall of box house, the shoulder strap is nylon ribbon material;The positioning picking lever Including horizon bar, horizon bar is located at the lower right corner of shoulder strap installation side side, shaft is equipped in horizon bar front end, in the shaft Cylindrical loop bar, loop bar inner hollow and loop bar front end are fixed with as openning shape, telescopic rod is fitted with inside loop bar, it is described Toothrow is equipped on telescopic rod along its length, the adjustment gear being rotatablely connected with loop bar outer wall, institute are equipped in the middle part of loop bar outer wall It states adjustment gear to be meshed with the toothrow on telescopic rod, the telescopic rod is hollow stem, and undertaking case is equipped at the top of telescopic rod.
As further program of the utility model:The undertaking case includes control unit and carrier, and control unit is sealing Cavity is equipped with vibration motor in control unit, and vibration rod is equipped at the top of control unit, is pitched equipped with " u "-shaped in vibration rod front end, Loop bar outer wall is equipped with control and switchs, and the control switch is electrically connected to a power source by electric wire, is opening at the top of the carrier Structure, the vibration motor are connected with vibration rod, and carrier bottom is the pyramidal structure to close up downwards, connect in carrier bottom It is connected to bellows, the bellows other end is fixed at the top of body side, is electrically connected between vibration motor and power supply.
As further program of the utility model:The power supply box includes diode D1, accumulator E1 and current potential Device RP1;The anode connection solar panels T's of diode D1, the anode of the cathode connection accumulator E of diode D1, resistance R7 and The collector of triode V3, the cathode of the other end connection diode D3 of resistance R7, the anode connection resistance R8 of diode D3 and The base stage of triode V3, the anode of the other end connection diode D4 of resistance R8, emitter connection capacitance C1, the electricity of triode V3 R2, voltmeter V, a fixing end of potentiometer RP1, the sliding end of potentiometer RP1 and output U1 are hindered, potentiometer RP1's is another A fixing end connects resistance R1, and the other end of resistance R1 connects the emitter of capacitance C2, resistance R3 and triode V1, capacitance C2's The other end connect the other end of resistance R3, the cathode of diode D4, resistance R4, resistance R5, resistance R6, solar panels T it is another It holds, the cathode of the other end of capacitance C1, the cathode of accumulator E and unidirectional thyristor Q1, the collector of triode V1 connects resistance The base stage of the other end and triode V2 of R4, the other end of base stage connection resistance R2 of triode V1, the other end of resistance R5 and The collector of triode V2, the anode of the emitter connection diode D2 of triode V2, the cathode connection resistance R6 of diode D2 The other end and unidirectional thyristor Q1 control pole, the other end and voltage of the anode connection output voltage U1 of unidirectional thyristor Q1 The other end of Table V.
As further program of the utility model:The shoulder strap is fixed on by setscrew on babinet.
As the utility model further scheme:The width of the shoulder strap is 80mm.
As the utility model further scheme:Vibration rod front end is in bending and bending angle 90°。
As the utility model further scheme:The diode D4 is light emitting diode.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the beneficial effects that:The present apparatus has intelligence by solar powered The function that electricity controls and electricity is shown, increases the cruising ability of the present apparatus and saves electric energy, picking lever is positioned in use The height and picking angle of accepting case are adjusted by shaft and adjustment gear, the simple and convenient accuracy of regulative mode is high, passes through Vibration rod picks winter jujube with vibration mode, small to the damage of winter jujube tree, and semiautomatic control mode greatly reduces artificial labor Make, improves operating efficiency and reduce the damage of winter jujube in picking process.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural schematic diagram of the utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart for accepting case.
Fig. 3 is the internal circuit diagram of power supply box.
1- babinets in figure, 11- power supply boxs, 12- shoulder straps, 13- solar panels, 14- negative-pressure air fans, 15- flexible baffles, 16- Electric-quantity display device, 2- position picking lever, 21- horizon bars, 22- shafts, 23- loop bars, 24- telescopic rods, 25- adjustment gears, 26- controls System switch, 3- accept case, 31- control units, 32- vibration motors, 33- vibration rods, 34- bellowss.
Specific implementation mode
The following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, carries out the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model Clearly and completely describe, it is clear that the described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the utility model, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiments of the present invention, those of ordinary skill in the art are without making creative work The every other embodiment obtained, shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
Please refer to Fig.1-3, in the utility model embodiment, a kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube, including babinet 1 and positioning are picked Bar 2,1 inside of the babinet is hollow structure, is equipped with power supply box 11 in 1 bottom of babinet, 11 top surface of the power supply box is equipped with soft Property partition board 15, the top of babinet 1 is equipped with solar panels 13, negative-pressure air fan 14,14 work of negative-pressure air fan is equipped at the top of 1 inner wall of babinet As when the pressure that generates by bellows and can accept in winter jujube sucking babinet in case, it is embedded on the outer wall of power supply box 11 Electric-quantity display device 16 is installed, 1 side of the babinet is set facilitates picking personnel to bear babinet 1 in back there are two shoulder strap 12, The shoulder strap 12 is nylon ribbon material, and shoulder strap 12 is fixed on by setscrew on babinet 1, and the width of shoulder strap 12 is 80mm, It is excessive that the contact area of increase human body and shoulder strap 12 avoids part from being under pressure in turn;
The positioning picking lever 2 includes horizon bar 21, and horizon bar 21 is located at the lower right corner that shoulder strap 12 installs side side, 21 front end of horizon bar is equipped with shaft 22, and cylindrical loop bar 23,23 inner hollow of loop bar and loop bar are fixed in the shaft 22 23 front ends are openning shape, and telescopic rod 24 is fitted with inside loop bar 23, toothrow is equipped with along its length on the telescopic rod 24, The adjustment gear 25 be rotatablely connected with 23 outer wall of loop bar is equipped in the middle part of loop bar 23 outer wall, in the adjustment gear 25 and telescopic rod 24 Toothrow be meshed, can control flexible situation of the telescopic rod 24 in loop bar 23 by rotating adjustment gear 25, it is described flexible Bar 24 is hollow stem, is equipped at 24 top of telescopic rod and accepts case 3, and the undertaking case 3 includes control unit 31 and carrier, control Portion 31 is seal cavity, and vibration motor 32 is equipped in control unit 31, and vibration rod 33, the vibrations are equipped at 31 top of control unit 33 front end of bar is 90 ° in bending and bending angle, pitches equipped with " u "-shaped in 33 front end of vibration rod, is equipped on 23 outer wall of loop bar Switch 26 is controlled, the control switch 26 is electrically connected by electric wire with vibration motor 32, is hatch frame at the top of the carrier, Carrier bottom is the pyramidal structure to close up downwards, and bellows 34,34 other end of the bellows are connected in carrier bottom It is fixed on 1 side top of babinet;
When carrying out picking work, plucker bears babinet 1 in back, and the right hand holds loop bar 23, determines winter jujube position Afterwards, the height and angle of accepting case 3, the simple and convenient standard of regulative mode are adjusted by rotating loop bar 23 and stirring adjustment gear 25 Exactness is high, and the " u "-shaped fork for adjusting 33 front end of vibration rod when completing lives winter jujube branch, by controlling 26 starting shock bar of switch 33, the winter jujube on branch to be trembled down by shaking, the winter jujube fallen enters to accept in case 3 and collect to undertaking 3 bottom center of case, and Enter in babinet 1 eventually by bellows 34.
The operation principle of the utility model is:Solar panels T completes opto-electronic conversion and the electric energy of conversion is passed through non-return two Divide two-way to run after pole pipe D1, gives accumulator E chargings that stored energy source, another way is used as to form output voltage U1 all the way.It is appropriate to adjust Whole potentiometer RP1 come control the charging voltage of capacitance C2 with achieve the purpose that change triode V1 emitter voltages.V1 base stage electricity Position changes with pulsating volage, when it is less than emitter transient voltage, V1 conductings.Pressure drop on R4 makes V2 be connected therewith.And The voltage divided through R2, R5, which tends to remain on, makes the unidirectional crystalline substance of diode D2 triggerings ask that pipe Q1 conductings, charging pulse flow through electric power storage Pond group.When pulsating current zero passage, Q1 is turned off.Output voltage U1 is used to power to vibration motor 32 and negative-pressure air fan 14, Ke Yitong Overvoltage Table V is read, and voltmeter V is battery indicator.Resistance R7, diode D3, triode V3 in circuit and diode D4 forms under-voltage protecting circuit, and under normal circumstances, diode D3 conductings, triode V3 is connected, and light emitting diode D4 is lighted, encountered When accumulator E1 undertensions, diode D1 cut-offs, triode V3 ends, and light emitting diode D4 extinguishes, and reaches under-voltage protection Purpose.
The present apparatus has the function of that intelligent power control and electricity are shown by solar powered, increases the present apparatus Cruising ability and save electric energy, in use position picking lever by shaft and adjustment gear come adjust accept case height and Angle is picked, the simple and convenient accuracy of regulative mode is high, is picked to winter jujube with vibration mode by vibration rod, to winter jujube tree Damage small, semiautomatic control mode greatly reduces artificial work, improves operating efficiency and reduces winter jujube in picking process Damage.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the present invention is not limited to the details of the above exemplary embodiments, and And without departing substantially from the spirit or essential attributes of the utility model, it can realize that this practicality is new in other specific forms Type.Therefore, in all respects, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive, this practicality is new The range of type is indicated by the appended claims rather than the foregoing description, it is intended that containing in the equivalent requirements of the claims will be fallen All changes in justice and range are embraced therein.Any reference numeral in claim should not be considered as limitation Involved claim.
In addition, it should be understood that although this specification is described in terms of embodiments, but not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical solution, this description of the specification is merely for the sake of clarity, and those skilled in the art should It considers the specification as a whole, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art The other embodiment being appreciated that.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube, including babinet and positioning picking lever, which is characterized in that the box house is hollow knot Structure is equipped with power supply box in the bottom of box, and the top of babinet is equipped with solar panels, and the power supply box top surface is equipped with flexible baffle, The body side is set there are two shoulder strap, and installation by adhering has an electric-quantity display device on the outer wall of the power supply box, power supply box with too It is positive to be electrically connected between plate, negative-pressure air fan is installed, the shoulder strap is nylon ribbon material on the left side wall of box house;It is described Positioning picking lever includes horizon bar, and horizon bar is located at the lower right corner of shoulder strap installation side side, and shaft is equipped in horizon bar front end, It is fixed with cylindrical loop bar, loop bar inner hollow and loop bar front end in the shaft as openning shape, is fitted with inside loop bar Telescopic rod is equipped with toothrow on the telescopic rod along its length, is equipped in the middle part of loop bar outer wall and to be rotatablely connected with loop bar outer wall Adjustment gear, the adjustment gear are meshed with the toothrow on telescopic rod, and the telescopic rod is hollow stem, is pacified at the top of telescopic rod Equipped with undertaking case.
2. the artificial vasculum of a kind of winter jujube according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the undertaking case include control unit and Carrier, control unit are seal cavity, and vibration motor is equipped in control unit, and vibration rod is equipped at the top of control unit, is being shaken Bar front end is pitched equipped with " u "-shaped, and control switch is equipped on loop bar outer wall, and the control switch is electrically connected to a power source by electric wire, It is hatch frame at the top of the carrier, the vibration motor is connected with vibration rod, and carrier bottom is the cone to close up downwards Shape structure is connected with bellows in carrier bottom, and the bellows other end is fixed at the top of body side, vibration motor with It is electrically connected between power supply.
3. the artificial vasculum of a kind of winter jujube according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the power supply box includes two poles Pipe D1, accumulator E1 and potentiometer RP1;The anode connection solar panels T's of diode D1, the cathode of diode D1 connects electric power storage The anode of pond E, the collector of resistance R7 and triode V3, the cathode of the other end connection diode D3 of resistance R7, diode D3 Anode connection resistance R8 and triode V3 base stage, the anode of the other end connection diode D4 of resistance R8, triode V3's Emitter connects capacitance C1, resistance R2, voltmeter V, a fixing end of potentiometer RP1, the sliding end of potentiometer RP1 and output Another fixing end of U1, potentiometer RP1 connect resistance R1, other end connection capacitance C2, resistance R3 and the triode of resistance R1 The emitter of V1, the other end of the other end connection resistance R3 of capacitance C2, cathode, resistance R4, resistance R5, the resistance of diode D4 The cathode of R6, the other end of solar panels T, the other end of capacitance C1, the cathode of accumulator E and unidirectional thyristor Q1, triode The base stage of the other end and triode V2 of the collector connection resistance R4 of V1, the base stage connection resistance R2's of triode V1 is another It holds, the collector of the other end of resistance R5 and triode V2, the anode of the emitter connection diode D2 of triode V2, diode The control pole of the other end and unidirectional thyristor Q1 of the cathode connection resistance R6 of D2, the anode connection output electricity of unidirectional thyristor Q1 Press the other end of the other end and voltmeter V of U1.
4. the artificial vasculum of a kind of winter jujube according to claim 3, which is characterized in that the diode D4 is light-emitting diodes Pipe.
5. the artificial vasculum of a kind of winter jujube according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the shoulder strap is solid by setscrew It is scheduled on babinet.
6. the artificial vasculum of a kind of winter jujube according to claim 1, which is characterized in that the width of the shoulder strap is 80mm.
7. the artificial vasculum of a kind of winter jujube according to claim 2, which is characterized in that the vibration rod front end is in bending And bending angle is 90 °.
CN201721197638.4U 2017-09-19 2017-09-19 A kind of artificial vasculum of winter jujube Expired - Fee Related CN207639203U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109729830A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-10 安徽省鑫矿液压机械有限责任公司 A kind of backpack fruit picker
CN109964648A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-05 洛阳师范学院 Move comprehensive manipulation hit the date machine
CN110603957A (en) * 2019-10-24 2019-12-24 长沙宁湖机械设备有限公司 Knapsack formula chinese torreya picks ware
CN112930929A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-06-11 中国农业大学 Electrically-driven backpack type flower thinning machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109729830A (en) * 2019-01-31 2019-05-10 安徽省鑫矿液压机械有限责任公司 A kind of backpack fruit picker
CN109964648A (en) * 2019-04-11 2019-07-05 洛阳师范学院 Move comprehensive manipulation hit the date machine
CN109964648B (en) * 2019-04-11 2021-01-22 洛阳师范学院 Movable omnibearing controlled jujube beater
CN110603957A (en) * 2019-10-24 2019-12-24 长沙宁湖机械设备有限公司 Knapsack formula chinese torreya picks ware
CN112930929A (en) * 2021-04-30 2021-06-11 中国农业大学 Electrically-driven backpack type flower thinning machine

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180724

Termination date: 20190919

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee