CN207455932U - 与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统 - Google Patents

与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统 Download PDF

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CN207455932U
CN207455932U CN201720603783.1U CN201720603783U CN207455932U CN 207455932 U CN207455932 U CN 207455932U CN 201720603783 U CN201720603783 U CN 201720603783U CN 207455932 U CN207455932 U CN 207455932U
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solar energy
loop circuit
heat pipe
photovoltaic
heat
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李洪
曲国栋
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Yanshan University
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

本专利涉及一种与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统,由平板式光伏环路热管集热器2吸收太阳能以及太阳房热量,通过热管15中的制冷剂做为载体,再通过环路热管循环持续将热量经螺旋盘管式冷凝器3间接换热给水箱4中热水。同时通过集热器上的光伏电池5制取电能,经过充放电控制器6控制储存到蓄电池7里,使用时再经交流逆变器8将蓄电池中直流电转换成交流电提供给建筑。这种太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统结构简单,即对太阳能进行光热利用又可进行光伏发电利用,可有效解决太阳房过热问题,进一步提高建筑节能效果。

Description

与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统
技术领域:
本专利属于建筑节能技术领域,涉及到一种与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏- 环路热管热水系统。
背景技术:
太阳能供暖系统具有经济节能,绿色环保等特点,并且日益广泛的应用于生产生活中。太阳房是利用太阳能采暖和降温的房子,但被动式太阳房早、中、晚室内气温差别也很大,夏天阳光充足时,会导致太阳房温度较高无法有效的给室内降温。
发明内容:
本专利要解决的技术问题是提供一种可有效解决太阳房过热问题的装置,既利用太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统,这种装置不但可吸收太阳房多余的热量生产热水还可以利用光伏电池为建筑提供部分的电能,提高太阳能利用率。
本专利为一种与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统,该系统主要包括平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器和置于蓄热水箱中的螺旋盘管式冷凝器,这两部分由带保温的蒸汽上升铜管和冷凝液下降铜管相连构成环路热管,管内传热介质为制冷剂;充放电控制器与光伏电池连接,并分别连接蓄电池与交流逆变器。
本专利的创新之处在于采用平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器吸收太阳房内富余的太阳能,以解决太阳房温度过高的问题。系统结构简单,同时利用太阳能光伏和光热转换技术,确保了太阳能光伏发电效率,提高了太阳能综合利用效率,减少了太阳能集热器的使用面积,经济性高,建筑节能效果显著。
附图说明:
图1、本专利与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统原理图;
图2、太阳能平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器及供电装置平面布置图;
图3、太阳能平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器沿图2中的Ⅰ-Ⅰ线的侧剖面图。
具体实施方式:
图1和图2所示为与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统,图1 主要为太阳能光热转换装置,图2为太阳能光电转换装置,太阳光透过太阳房的玻璃窗1照到平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器2上,光伏电池5由多块光伏电池串联而成,吸收太阳光进行发电,所发的电经过充放电控制器6控制储存到蓄电池7中,使用时再经交流逆变器8将蓄电池中直流电转换成交流电提供给建筑,其中光伏电池5、充放电控制器6、蓄电池7、交流逆变器8之间采用电线连接。螺旋盘管式冷凝器3与平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器2中的吸热管由铜质蒸汽上升管和冷凝液下降管连接在一起构成环路热管循环。平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器2中的制冷剂吸收太阳房内太阳热能蒸发为汽体,制冷剂汽体沿蒸汽上升管到达螺旋盘管式冷凝器3,冷凝放热提升保温水箱4中的水温,实现太阳房内富余太阳热能的转移和有效利用。图3为平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器2的剖面图,图中9为玻璃盖板,10为空气通道,11为光伏电池,通过太阳能电池封装胶膜12与太阳能背板13紧密粘合,太阳能背板与吸热板 14使用粘合剂紧贴在一起,吸热管15贴合于吸热板下,周围填充保温材料构成保温层16,17为金属框架。

Claims (1)

1.一种与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统,其特征在于将其置于太阳房中,吸收太阳房内富余的太阳能,以解决太阳房温度过高的问题,与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统,包括平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器和置于蓄热水箱中的螺旋盘管式冷凝器,这两部分由带保温的蒸汽上升铜管和冷凝液下降铜管相连构成环路热管,管内传热介质为制冷剂;其中平板式光伏环路热管蒸发集热器结构由上到下依次为玻璃盖板、空气通道、光伏电池、太阳能电池封装胶膜、太阳能背板、吸热板、吸热管,周围填充保温材料构成保温,外部为金属框架,其中光伏电池通过太阳能电池封装胶膜与太阳能背板紧密粘合,太阳能背板与吸热板使用粘合剂紧贴在一起,充放电控制器与光伏电池连接,并分别连接蓄电池与交流逆变器,其特征在于集热器与蒸发器分开设置,由铜管连接构成环路热管型式,并结合光伏电池,使系统即可产热又可产电。
CN201720603783.1U 2017-05-27 2017-05-27 与太阳房相结合的太阳能光伏环路热管热水系统 Expired - Fee Related CN207455932U (zh)

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108843528A (zh) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-20 江苏易缘建筑节能科技有限公司 太阳能发电系统
CN109088597A (zh) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-25 海宁奇瑞特光电有限公司 一种可回收利用热量的光伏组件及其制造方法
CN110307670A (zh) * 2018-03-27 2019-10-08 山西天骏锅炉设备制造有限公司 一种利用自然界能量升温的装置

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110307670A (zh) * 2018-03-27 2019-10-08 山西天骏锅炉设备制造有限公司 一种利用自然界能量升温的装置
CN108843528A (zh) * 2018-06-25 2018-11-20 江苏易缘建筑节能科技有限公司 太阳能发电系统
CN109088597A (zh) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-25 海宁奇瑞特光电有限公司 一种可回收利用热量的光伏组件及其制造方法

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