CN207377661U - A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine - Google Patents

A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207377661U
CN207377661U CN201721372809.2U CN201721372809U CN207377661U CN 207377661 U CN207377661 U CN 207377661U CN 201721372809 U CN201721372809 U CN 201721372809U CN 207377661 U CN207377661 U CN 207377661U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
piston
electromagnetic coil
pin
magnet
sliding brush
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201721372809.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张铁柱
张洪信
付磊
葛文庆
李博
霍炜
赵红
赵清海
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Qingdao University
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Qingdao University
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Priority to CN201721372809.2U priority Critical patent/CN207377661U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of mechanical-electric binary power engines, are related to internal-combustion engine engineering field, including piston, electromagnetic coil, sliding brush and gonnecting rod body;The both ends of piston pin are equipped with the circlip in the caulking groove in the pin hole of piston;The skirt section of the piston is equipped with annular groove, electromagnetic coil is set in annular groove, sliding brush is in close contact with the benign conductor pole piece of electricity by holddown spring, when piston moves reciprocatingly in cylinder sleeve, electromagnetic coil in piston does the movement of the magnetic induction line between two magnet of cutting, and piston, electromagnetic coil and sliding brush are synchronized with the movement.The beneficial effects of the utility model are that thermal energy is converted output mechanical energy and hydraulic energy simultaneously;Using coil as mover, magnet as stator, structure simplifies;Reduce piston pin play and scored cylinder set in piston;Transfer steady, body height and small, the operation is stable of reciprocal inertia increase, adaptable, energy conversion efficiency height;With larger application value.

Description

A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine
Technical field
The utility model is related to internal-combustion engine engineering fields, particularly a kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine.
Background technology
In fields such as military or field works, the traditional piston internal-combustion generating set of generally use as mobile power, This traditional power generator is typically to be made of three parts, is connected including two energy conversion devices and a mechanical parameter conversion Connection device.For now, this energy conversion device needs four processes to complete conversion of the thermal energy to electric energy, passes through first Cylinder body, piston etc. complete conversion of the thermal energy of fuel to straight line machinery;Then line straightening machine is completed by toggle Tool can be to the conversion of rotating mechanical energy;Rotating mechanical energy is joined machine power by intermediate links such as shaft coupling, gear pairs again Number is converted, and power is transmitted to the rotor of generator;Magnetic force is finally completed by the relative motion of rotor in generator and stator The cutting of line generates electric current, finally realizes conversion of the thermal energy to electric energy.
For traditional piston internal-combustion power generator at present, although realizing by thermal energy to electricity conversion of energy, still There are three aspects, first, this energy conversion device only has single external output power, i.e., only realize electric power Externally output, it is impossible to meet to diversified operation the needs of to a variety of power;Second is that although this conventional apparatus only realizes Thermal energy is to electric conversion of energy, but substantially this device contains there are two independent energy conversion elements, i.e., internal-combustion piston engine with Rotary generator forms, and the two devices are formed by external connection, certainly exists that work is uncoordinated, and matching does not conform to The shortcomings of reason;Third, kind of device realize energy conversion during, since transfer route is longer, needs by multiple intermediate rings Section, necessarily causes the reduction of energy transfer efficiency, efficiency it is low necessarily bring be the energy waste, production and operating cost Increase, the problems such as increasing environmental pollution.
Patent CN200410036181.X and CN200420097644.9, by traditional internal-combustion piston engine and generator collection Integrally, compact-sized, transmission efficiency is high, efficiently solves the above problem.But its mover is for permanent magnet and axial with piston It connects firmly, adds assembly difficulty, body height and reciprocation inertia, application range is small.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of can be converted into the dynamic of mechanical energy and electric energy simultaneously by fuel combustion thermal energy Power apparatus, by the use of permanent magnet or electromagnet as stator, coil and piston are connected firmly to form one, use crank by coil as mover Linkage comes movement and the stroke of confined piston and coil, and drives subsystem, realizes that the work of entire utility model is determined When, in addition, reduce piston pin in piston play and scored cylinder set probability, devise a kind of machinery-electric power binary power Engine.
Realize that above-mentioned purpose the technical solution of the utility model is a kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine, including cylinder Set and piston, the piston are movably connected in cylinder sleeve, further include piston, electromagnetic coil, sliding brush and gonnecting rod body;The work The connecting pin of plug is equipped with connecting cavity, and the side of connecting cavity is equipped with pin hole, and one end of gonnecting rod body is fixedly connected with piston pin, piston pin with Piston is slidably connected, and the both ends of piston pin are equipped with the circlip in the caulking groove in the pin hole of piston, gonnecting rod body The other end is connected with bent axle;The skirt section of the piston is equipped with annular groove, sets electromagnetic coil in annular groove, electromagnetic coil is a coil Winding, two wire connection terminals of electromagnetic coil connect sliding brush respectively, and sliding brush passes through compression with the benign conductor pole piece of electricity Spring is in close contact, and two pole pieces are connected firmly with leading-out terminal, embedded with two opposite magnet in the cylinder sleeve, when piston is in cylinder sleeve In when moving reciprocatingly, the electromagnetic coil in piston does the movement of the magnetic induction line between two magnet of cutting, and piston, electromagnetic coil and Sliding brush is synchronized with the movement.
Preferably, the connecting pin of the gonnecting rod body and bent axle is equipped with semicircle orifice, the semicircle orifice and big end cover half Circular hole forms a full circle with bent axle cooperation.
Preferably, the magnet is permanent magnet or electromagnet.
Preferably, the inner surface of the magnet be arc surface, and with cylinder sleeve coaxial line.
A kind of machinery-electric power binary power the engine made using the technical solution of the utility model, its advantage It is:Fuel combustion thermal energy can be converted output mechanical energy and hydraulic energy simultaneously;Using coil as mover, magnet as stator, While not impact effect, structure is greatly simplified;The connection structure of new piston and drive link is devised, it can be significantly Reduce piston pin play and scored cylinder set in piston;It transfers steadily, body height and the increase of reciprocal inertia are small, and work is steady Fixed, adaptable, energy conversion efficiency is high, and technology inheritance is good;With larger application value.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view after the application engine is splitted;
Fig. 2 is the left view after the application engine is splitted.
In above each figure, 1, piston;2nd, cylinder sleeve;3rd, left permanent magnet;4th, electromagnetic coil;5th, sliding brush;6th, pole piece;7th, it is bent Axis;8th, piston pin;9th, right permanent magnet;10th, gonnecting rod body;11st, bolt;13rd, nut;14th, connecting rod cap;15th, circlip; 16th, leading-out terminal;17th, holddown spring.
Specific embodiment
Further to illustrate that the utility model is to reach the technological means and effect that predetermined purpose of utility model taken, Below in conjunction with attached drawing and preferred embodiment, to according to specific embodiment of the present utility model, structure, feature and its effect, in detail Carefully it is described as follows:
Coil as mover, permanent magnet as stator, is still constrained mover by the utility model with toggle Movement and stroke, driving subsystem, and realize the steady operation of system.During utility model works, you can with by fuel It is mechanical or electrical energy that combustion heat energy, which individually converts output, can also convert output mechanical energy and electric energy simultaneously.
A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine, including cylinder sleeve 2 and piston 1, piston 1 is movably connected in cylinder sleeve 2, Further include piston 1, electromagnetic coil 4, sliding brush 5 and gonnecting rod body 10.The connecting pin of piston 1 is equipped with connecting cavity, the side of connecting cavity Face is equipped with pin hole, and one end of gonnecting rod body 10 is fixedly connected with piston pin 8, and piston pin 8 is slidably connected with piston 1, and the two of piston pin 8 End is equipped with the circlip 15 in the caulking groove in the pin hole of piston 1, i.e., piston pin 8 be mounted in pin hole two baffle rings 15 it Between, gonnecting rod body 10 can slightly shake on piston pin 8, prevent piston pin 8 in piston 1 axial float and scratch cylinder sleeve 2, even The connecting pin of the body of rod 10 and bent axle 7 is equipped with semicircle orifice, which forms a full circle with the semicircle orifice on connecting rod cap 14, Specifically, connecting rod cap 14 is linked and is integrated by bolt 11 and nut 13 with 10 major part of gonnecting rod body, the full circle with bent axle 7 It is connected.
The skirt section of piston 1 is equipped with annular groove, sets electromagnetic coil 4 in annular groove, and electromagnetic coil 4 is a coil windings, electromagnetism Two wire connection terminals of coil 4 connect sliding brush 5 respectively, and sliding brush 5 is in close contact with pole piece 6 by holddown spring 17, Specifically, connecting one end of holddown spring 17 on pole piece 6, the other end of holddown spring 17 is connected with body, and holddown spring 17 will Pole piece 6 is pressed against on sliding brush 5, when ensureing that sliding brush 5 is moved with piston reciprocating, with 6 good contact of pole piece.It is in addition, sliding The connecting portion of dynamic brush 5 and electromagnetic coil 4 also has certain elasticity.Pole piece 6 is the benign conductor of electricity, solid with leading-out terminal 16 Connection, externally to export electric energy.Two pole pieces 6 are connected firmly with leading-out terminal 16, embedded with two opposite magnet, the magnet in cylinder sleeve 2 For permanent magnet, wherein, left permanent magnet 3 (being distinguished according to the position of magnet in fig. 2, similarly hereinafter), the magnetic line of force of right permanent magnet 9 Direction is consistent.Left permanent magnet 3, the inner surface of right permanent magnet 9 are arc surface, with cylinder sleeve coaxial line.It should be noted that left permanent magnetism Iron 3, right permanent magnet 9 can also be electromagnet, then need external DC excitation power.When piston 1 moves reciprocatingly in cylinder sleeve 2 When, the electromagnetic coil 4 in piston 1 does the movement of the magnetic induction line between two magnet of cutting, and piston 1, electromagnetic coil 4 and sliding brush 5 are synchronized with the movement.
The utility model by fuel combustion thermal energy individually convert output for mechanical energy when, in expansion stroke, fuel is in piston 1 The burning Indoor Combustion of top generates high pressure mixed gas, promotes piston 1, electromagnetic coil 4,5 downlink of sliding brush, and bent axle 7 adds Speed rotates and the energy storage in flywheel.Leading-out terminal 16 is disconnected with load at this time, is exported without electric energy;If using electromagnet knot Structure can also disconnect exciting current.Flywheel releases energy in exhaust stroke, intake stroke and compression stroke, makes bent axle continuous It rotates, and from the external output speed of crankshaft end and torque, i.e. mechanical energy.
The utility model by fuel combustion thermal energy individually convert output for electric energy when, in expansion stroke, fuel is on piston 1 The burning Indoor Combustion of side generates high pressure mixed gas, promotes piston 1, electromagnetic coil 4,5 downlink of sliding brush, and bent axle 7 accelerates Rotation and the energy storage in flywheel.Leading-out terminal 16 and load connection output electric energy at this time.Flywheel exhaust stroke, intake stroke and It releasing energy in compression stroke, makes bent axle continuous rotation, crankshaft end is disconnected with external loading, not external output speed and torque, That is mechanical energy.
When fuel combustion thermal energy is converted output mechanical energy and electric energy by the utility model simultaneously, in expansion stroke, fuel exists The burning Indoor Combustion of 1 top of piston, generates high pressure mixed gas, promotes piston 1, electromagnetic coil 4,5 downlink of sliding brush, bent Axis 7 accelerates to rotate and the energy storage in flywheel.Leading-out terminal 16 and load unicom at this time, export electric energy.Flywheel is in exhaust stroke, suction It releases energy in gas stroke and compression stroke, makes bent axle continuous rotation, and from the external output speed of crankshaft end and torque, i.e., it is mechanical Energy.
The utility model is described above with reference to preferred embodiment, but the scope of protection of the utility model is not Limited to this in the case where not departing from the scope of the utility model, can carry out it various improvement and can be with equivalent Object replaces component therein, as long as there is no structural conflict, items technical characteristic mentioned in the various embodiments can appoint Meaning mode combines, and any reference numeral in claim should not be considered as to the involved claim of limitation no matter From the point of view of which point, the present embodiments are to be considered as illustrative and not restrictive.Therefore, any right that falls into will All technical solutions in the range of asking are within the protection scope of the present utility model.

Claims (4)

1. a kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine, including cylinder sleeve (2) and piston (1), the piston (1) is movably connected on In cylinder sleeve (2), which is characterized in that further include piston (1), electromagnetic coil (4), sliding brush (5) and gonnecting rod body (10);
The connecting pin of the piston (1) is equipped with connecting cavity, and the side of connecting cavity is equipped with pin hole, and one end of gonnecting rod body (10), which is fixed, to be connected It takes over a job plug pin (8), piston pin (8) is slidably connected with piston (1), and the both ends of piston pin (8) are equipped with the pin mounted on piston (1) Circlip (15) in caulking groove in hole, the other end of gonnecting rod body (10) are connected with bent axle (7);
The skirt section of the piston (1) is equipped with annular groove, sets electromagnetic coil (4) in annular groove, electromagnetic coil (4) be a coil around Group, two wire connection terminals of electromagnetic coil (4) connect sliding brush (5), sliding brush (5) and the benign conductor pole piece of electricity respectively (6) it is in close contact by holddown spring (17), two pole pieces (6) are connected firmly with leading-out terminal (16), are embedded in the cylinder sleeve (2) Two opposite magnet, when piston (1) moves reciprocatingly in cylinder sleeve (2), the electromagnetic coil (4) in piston (1) does cutting two The movement of magnetic induction line between magnet, and piston (1), electromagnetic coil (4) and sliding brush (5) are synchronized with the movement.
A kind of 2. machinery according to claim 1-electric power binary power engine, which is characterized in that the gonnecting rod body (10) be equipped with semicircle orifice with the connecting pin of bent axle (7), the semicircle orifice on the semicircle orifice and connecting rod cap (14) formed one with The full circle of bent axle (7) cooperation.
3. a kind of machinery according to claim 1-electric power binary power engine, which is characterized in that the magnet is forever Magnet or electromagnet.
4. a kind of machinery according to claim 1-electric power binary power engine, which is characterized in that the magnet it is interior Surface is arc surface, and with cylinder sleeve (2) coaxial line.
CN201721372809.2U 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine Expired - Fee Related CN207377661U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721372809.2U CN207377661U (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201721372809.2U CN207377661U (en) 2017-10-24 2017-10-24 A kind of machinery-electric power binary power engine

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN207377661U true CN207377661U (en) 2018-05-18

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Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109958532A (en) * 2019-02-25 2019-07-02 浙江大学 Double spur link rod gear type engine and its working method
CN110469402A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-19 吉林大学 The induction electricity generation system of piston crankshaft

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109958532A (en) * 2019-02-25 2019-07-02 浙江大学 Double spur link rod gear type engine and its working method
CN110469402A (en) * 2019-09-06 2019-11-19 吉林大学 The induction electricity generation system of piston crankshaft

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20180518

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