CN207045830U - Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine - Google Patents

Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN207045830U
CN207045830U CN201720839171.2U CN201720839171U CN207045830U CN 207045830 U CN207045830 U CN 207045830U CN 201720839171 U CN201720839171 U CN 201720839171U CN 207045830 U CN207045830 U CN 207045830U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
eriocheir
plate
quick
mounting device
chain
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201720839171.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王璐霞
应申舜
潘州鑫
蒋军威
孙安顺
王丙佳
蔡姚杰
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Zhejiang University of Technology ZJUT
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Priority to CN201720839171.2U priority Critical patent/CN207045830U/en
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Publication of CN207045830U publication Critical patent/CN207045830U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

A kind of Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine, guiding groove and conveying mechanism including Eriocheir feeding clamp, for Eriocheir feeding clamp folding, the Eriocheir feeding clamp is arranged on the conveying mechanism and moved with conveying mechanism, Eriocheir is transported to Eriocheir multiple package position from Eriocheir feed station, the guiding groove is arranged in frame along fore-and-aft direction, and the frame further respectively has the limiting plate towards upper limit for the Eriocheir foot of a chela on the left and right sides of conveying mechanism.The utility model provides the Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine that a kind of operating efficiency is higher, quality is unified, safe.

Description

Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine
Technical field
Packing machinery technology is the utility model is related to, more particularly, to a kind of based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine Eriocheir feeding mechanism.
Background technology
Eriocheir is a kind of shellfish, is commonly called as steamed crab, is that many people are liked because its is nutritious, delicious flavour The food of love, people in order to facilitate Eriocheir transport, improve survival rate and use cross binding method Eriocheir is bundled. But start largely to catch to the September every year in the band of Jiangsu and Zhejiang Provinces one, Eriocheir, and still carry out cross bundle using artificial at present Method packaging is tied up, efficiency is low, and bundling quality multiplies time uneven, and because Eriocheir has big and sharp a pair of pliers, is entering pedestrian Work can operate inconvenience when bundling crab, and people is easy to injury, also be compared using traditional cross binding method packaging Eriocheir It is dangerous, easily lightened restrictions in transportation.As can be seen here, a kind of new Eriocheir packaging machine is invented, solves Eriocheir Packaging efficiency is low and packaging quality is uneven, and the problems such as easily causing hand injury when packing Eriocheir turns into a kind of necessary.
The content of the invention
In order to overcome existing Eriocheir packing technique the defects of efficiency is low, quality is uneven, the utility model to be present Provide the Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine that a kind of operating efficiency is higher, quality is unified, safe.
Technical scheme is used by the utility model solves its technical problem:
A kind of Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine, including Eriocheir feeding clamp, for suede The guiding groove and conveying mechanism of chela crab feeding clamp folding, the Eriocheir feeding clamp be arranged on the conveying mechanism on and with Conveying mechanism is moved together, and Eriocheir is transported into Eriocheir multiple package position from Eriocheir feed station, the guiding groove along Fore-and-aft direction is arranged in frame, and the frame is further respectively had on the left and right sides of conveying mechanism for Eriocheir foot of a chela court The limiting plate of upper limit;
The conveying mechanism includes chain conveying mechanism, synchronous pulley and feeder motor, and the chain conveying mechanism includes Chain, sprocket wheel and chain guide, the chain guide are located at the inner side of limiting plate and in frames, the chain and sprocket wheel Nibble and be combined through chain guide, the chain conveying mechanism is provided with two, the sprocket wheel of the same side of two chain conveying mechanisms Connected by a rotating shaft, the motor shaft of the feeder motor is connected by timing belt with synchronous pulley, and the synchronous pulley is consolidated Dingan County is in rotating shaft;The guiding groove is arranged in the frame of chain conveying mechanism side;
The Eriocheir feeding clamp is located at the lower section of limiting plate and is arranged between two chain conveying mechanisms, the suede Chela crab feeding clamp includes front jig plate and rear jig plate, and the front jig plate passes through hinge, the pin with rear jig plate Torsion spring is also set with axle, the rear end of torsion spring is connected with rear jig plate, and the front end of torsion spring is contacted on front jig plate, is pressed from both sides after described Tool plate includes the first rear plate and the second rear plate, and the front jig plate is between the first rear plate and the second rear plate, institute The left and right ends for stating rear jig plate are fixed on chain by bending carrier bar respectively, and the lower end of the front jig plate is connected by swash plate It is connected to triangle part, roller is arranged on triangle part by deep groove ball bearing, and it is interior and can be along that the roller be located at the guiding groove Guiding groove slides;
The guiding groove is waveform, and valley is respectively equipped with Eriocheir feed station and at Eriocheir multiple package position, It is valley between two valleys.
Further, limiting plate anterior-posterior horizontal arrangement, the rear portion of the limiting plate are horizontal part, the front portion of institute's limiting plate For to the inclined curved face part of inner underside.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are mainly manifested in:Using Novel band formula Eriocheir packing box, in transporting more Add securely and reliably, packaging quality is more guaranteed, easy to use;Human hand does not contact substantially with Eriocheir, reduces human hand injury Probability;Using chain-type recycle feed, people only needs crab being placed on feeding clamp, considerably increases packaging speed Degree, while reducing cost of labor, reduce the labor intensity of people.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine, wherein omitting Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device.
Fig. 2 is the front view of semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine.
Fig. 3 is the right view of semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine.
Fig. 4 a are the folding condition figures of Eriocheir quick-mounting device.
Fig. 4 b are the closure state figures of Eriocheir quick-mounting device.
Fig. 5 a are the structural representations of Eriocheir feeding clamp.
Fig. 5 b are the schematic diagrames that Fig. 5 a are clamped with Eriocheir.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of front jig plate in Fig. 4.
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of rear jig plate in Fig. 4.
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of guiding groove.
Fig. 9 is the conveying mechanism structural representation of Eriocheir feeding mechanism.
Figure 10 is the structural representation of Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module.
Figure 11 is Fig. 9 profile.
Figure 12 is the structural representation of quick-mounting device charging fixed block in Fig. 9.
Figure 13 is the structural representation of quick-mounting device charging locating piece in Fig. 9.
Figure 14 is the structural representation of preceding geometrical clamp in Fig. 9.
Figure 15 is the structural representation of Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism, wherein not including front side board and square limiting plate Group.
Figure 16 is the partial schematic diagram of Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism.
Figure 17 is that the closure support of Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism is the structural representation of V-type.
Figure 18 is the structural representation of Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device, wherein omitting rubber block.
Figure 19 is the cooperation schematic diagram of Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module and Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device.
Embodiment
The utility model is further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
Reference picture 1~19, a kind of Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine, including Eriocheir charging Fixture 21, guiding groove 22 and conveying mechanism for Eriocheir feeding clamp folding, the Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 are arranged on Moved on the conveying mechanism and with conveying mechanism, Eriocheir 8 is transported to Eriocheir packaging from Eriocheir feed station Station, the guiding groove 22 are arranged in frame 1 along fore-and-aft direction, and the frame 1 is gone back on the left and right sides of conveying mechanism The Eriocheir foot of a chela is respectively provided with towards the limiting plate 6 of upper limit;
Further, the conveying mechanism includes chain conveying mechanism 23, synchronous pulley 231 and feeder motor 232, the chain Bar conveying mechanism includes chain 234, sprocket wheel 235 and chain guide 233, and the chain guide 233 is located at the inner side of limiting plate 6 simultaneously In frame, the chain 234 is nibbled with sprocket wheel 235 and is combined through chain guide 233, and the chain conveying mechanism 23 is set There are two, the sprocket wheel of the same side of two chain conveying mechanisms is connected by a rotating shaft 236, the electricity of the feeder motor 232 Arbor is connected by timing belt 233 with synchronous pulley 231, and the synchronous pulley 231 is fixedly mounted in rotating shaft 236;It is described to draw Guide groove 22 is arranged in the frame of chain conveying mechanism side;
The Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 is located at the lower section of limiting plate 6 and is arranged between two chain conveying mechanisms, institute Stating Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 includes front jig plate 211 and rear jig plate, and the front jig plate 211 passes through bearing pin with rear jig plate It is be hinged, torsion spring is also set with the bearing pin, the rear end of torsion spring is connected with rear jig plate, and the front end of torsion spring is contacted in front jig plate On 211, the rear jig plate includes the first rear plate 212 and the second rear plate 213, and the front jig plate is located at the first rear plate 212 and second between rear plate 213, and the left and right ends of the rear jig plate are fixed on chain 234 by bending carrier bar respectively, The lower end of the front jig plate 211 is connected with triangle part 214 by swash plate, and roller 215 is arranged on triangle by deep groove ball bearing On part 214, the roller 215 is located in the guiding groove 22 and can slided along guiding groove 22;
The guiding groove 22 is waveform, and peak is respectively equipped with Eriocheir feed station and at Eriocheir multiple package position Portion, it is valley between two valleys.
A kind of semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine includes being used for the Eriocheir quick-mounting device for packing Eriocheir 8, Eriocheir quick-mounting device To be U-shaped, the Eriocheir quick-mounting device includes middle foot of a chela portion 13, the left side for spiral-lock Eriocheir for the spiral-lock Eriocheir foot of a chela The left side step portion 14 of side step foot and the right side step portion 12 of the right side step for spiral-lock Eriocheir, the left side step portion 14 End be divided into three, central strip is grafting bar, and two side slats are provided with air-vent, also are provided with breathing freely in the right side step portion Hole, the right side step portion 12 are made up of two curved portions, and the outer surface of the curved portions of end is provided with plug button, in suede chela When crab quick-mounting device closes, left side step portion 14 is located at the outside in right side step portion 12, and the central strip insertion in left side step portion 14 In the plug button in right side step portion 12, in addition to frame 1 and Eriocheir feeding mechanism 2 in frame 1, Eriocheir speed Dress device feeding mechanism 3, Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism 4 and the Eriocheir quick-mounting device for shelving Eriocheir quick-mounting device fix dress 5 are put, the structure of Eriocheir quick-mounting device charger 3 is located at the top of the Eriocheir feeding mechanism 2, and the Eriocheir quick-mounting device closes The front that mechanism 4 is located at the Eriocheir feeding mechanism 2 is closed, the Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5 is located at the Eriocheir The front of quick-mounting device close mechanism 4;
Eriocheir feed station, Eriocheir are provided with the frame 1 from back to front by spiral-lock to Eriocheir quick-mounting device Eriocheir multiple package position, the closure station of Eriocheir quick-mounting device and Eriocheir quick-mounting device feed bin station;
Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding mechanism 3 includes anterior-posterior translation mechanism, elevating mechanism and Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp Module 31, the elevating mechanism are arranged in anterior-posterior translation mechanism, and the anterior-posterior translation mechanism is arranged in frame 1, the suede Chela crab quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 is arranged on elevating mechanism;
The Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5 is arranged on Eriocheir quick-mounting device feed bin station.
Further, the Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism 4 includes fixed bottom plate 41, closure support, the and of electric pushrod 43 Back-moving spring 44, the fixed bottom plate 41 are located at the front of Eriocheir multiple package position and in frames 1, the closure support Including front apron, rear baffle, left side baffle plate 421 and the right-hand apron 422 that can be moved left and right, the front apron, rear baffle, left side Baffle plate 421 and right-hand apron 422 surround the receiving space for accommodating the Eriocheir quick-mounting device with Eriocheir, the front apron It is each attached to rear baffle on fixed bottom plate 41, the front apron and rear baffle are provided with opening upward at middle part, described electronic Push rod 43 is located at the right side of the right-hand apron 422 and is connected with the right-hand apron 422, the top of the left side baffle plate 421 By jointed shaft can left-right rotation be arranged between front apron and rear baffle, the left end of the back-moving spring 44 passes through connector It is fixed on back side panel, the right-hand member of the back-moving spring 44 is contacted on left side baffle plate 421;
The fixed bottom plate 41 is provided with the breach for being used for the discharging of packaged Eriocheir, the breach in the lower section of left plate Lower section be provided with product collecting device.
Further, the Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 includes supporting plate 311, for clamping Eriocheir speed Fill the quick-mounting device feeding clamp of device and pack fixture, institute in the Eriocheir in Eriocheir quick-mounting device for Eriocheir clamping and spiral-lock The rear end for stating supporting plate 311 is fixed on elevating mechanism, and quick-mounting device feeding clamp and Eriocheir the packaging fixture is arranged at The front end of the supporting plate 311;
The quick-mounting device feeding clamp includes quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312, quick-mounting device charging fixed block 313 and spring pressure Piece 314, the quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312 are located at below the front end of the supporting plate 311, and the quick-mounting device feeds fixed block 313 above the front end of the supporting plate 311, and the spring pressuring plate 314 is inverted U, the top position of the spring pressuring plate 314 Between the supporting plate 311 and quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312, the paw of the spring pressuring plate 314 is located at the speed respectively The front and rear sides of device charging locating piece 312 are filled, the top of two paws of the spring pressuring plate 314 is entered to anticipate with quick-mounting device respectively The front and rear sides of position block 312 are bonded, and pressure is respectively provided with the bottom opposite side of two paws of the spring pressuring plate 314 The projection in the middle part foot of a chela portion of tight Eriocheir quick-mounting device, the bottom of the quick-mounting device charging locating piece are provided with and Eriocheir quick-mounting device The open slot that matches of middle chela foot;
The Eriocheir packaging fixture includes preceding geometrical clamp 315, rear movable block 316, wind spring 317, cam 318 and cam and driven Dynamic motor 319, the preceding geometrical clamp 315 is inverted L shape, and the top of the preceding geometrical clamp 315 is located at the supporting plate 311 and quick-mounting Between device charging fixed block 313, the bottom of the preceding geometrical clamp 315 is provided with two clamping jaws, and two clamping jaws are located at the quick-mounting device Feed the front of the paw of the front side spring pressuring plate of locating piece 312;Movable block 316 is arc convex backward after described, living after described The top of motion block 316 is provided with connecting portion, and the connecting portion is provided with wind spring movable span, and the middle front part of the supporting plate 311 opens up Grooved hole, the bottom of the rear movable block 316 is through the slotted eye and positioned at the quick-mounting device charging rear side spring pressuring plate of locating piece 312 The rear of 314 paw, while the lower end of rear movable block 316 is located at the lower section of quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312, the quick-mounting device Feed and spacing hole is provided with the center of fixed block 313, the limit of quick-mounting device charging fixed block 313 is stretched into the front end of the wind spring 317 In the hole of position and it is fixed on quick-mounting device charging fixed block 313, the rear end of the wind spring 317 passes through wind spring movable span and rear movable block 316 trailing flank connection, the cam 318 are connected with actuated by cams motor 319, and the actuated by cams motor 319 is positioned at described The right side of slotted eye is simultaneously arranged on supporting plate 311, the bottom surface of the connecting portion of the rear movable block 316 and the linear contact lay of cam 318;
The quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312 is provided with centre bore and the centre bore and quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312 open slot connection, while the centre bore on quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312 feeds the spacing of fixed block 313 with quick-mounting device Face is arranged up and down in hole.
Further, the Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5 includes locating shaft 51, supporting plate 52, adjustable plate 53 and adjusted Bolt 54 is saved, the adjustable plate 53 is located at the lower section of supporting plate 52, and the supporting plate 52, adjustable plate 53 are installed in frame 1 On Eriocheir quick-mounting device feed bin station, the supporting plate 52 is provided with positioning shaft mounting hole, the lower end installation of the locating shaft 51 In the mounting hole of locating shaft 51, it is fixed that the regulating bolt 54 sequentially passes through adjustable plate 53 from bottom to top, adjusting nut 55 is extend into In the shaft mounting hole of position;
The upper end of the locating shaft 51, which is provided with, to be used to stop the suede chela not clamped by Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module The rubber block of crab quick-mounting device, the middle foot of a chela portion 13 of the Eriocheir quick-mounting device are provided with positioning hole, the Eriocheir quick-mounting Device is sleeved on the locating shaft 51 by positioning hole thereon and is arranged in the lower section of rubber block.
Further, the anterior-posterior horizontal of limiting plate 6 arrangement, the rear portion of the limiting plate 6 are horizontal part, institute's limiting plate 6 Front portion be to the inclined curved face part of inner underside.
Further, the position limiting structure spacing for Eriocheir quick-mounting device is additionally provided with the fixed bottom plate 41 and is used for The location structure that the left side step portion 14 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device positions, the position limiting structure include thin bar limiting plate group 45 and square Limiting plate group, the thin bar limiting plate group 45 include front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates, and front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates are formed small Mouthful end towards left side, big opening end towards right side, front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates be in respectively 5 degree of angles with horizontal line;The square limit Position plate group includes front and rear two pieces of square limiting plates, and front and rear two pieces of square limiting plates are arranged in a left side for front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates Side, the right part of front and rear two pieces of square limiting plates positioned at the front and rear sides of the left part of front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates and are arranged in respectively Between the front apron and rear baffle that close support;
The location structure is located at front and rear two pieces of square limiting plates and front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates on fixed bottom plate 41 Infall, the location structure include small boss and hairbrush 46, and the front and rear sides of the small boss are respectively equipped with hairbrush 46 and preceding The hair of the hairbrush of both sides slopes inwardly positioned opposite afterwards;
The lower end of the right-hand apron 422 is located in the right-hand member of front and rear two pieces of thin bar limiting plates.
Further, the anterior-posterior translation mechanism includes the ball wire rod mechanism, cross sliding clock 322, level of horizontal movement The screw mandrel of the ball wire rod mechanism of slide bar, cross sliding clock fixed plate and horizontal drive motor, the horizontal sliding bar and horizontal movement Anterior-posterior horizontal is arranged in frame, and the feed screw nut 321 of the ball wire rod mechanism of the horizontal movement is fixed on cross sliding clock and consolidated On fixed board, the cross sliding clock fixed plate is arranged on horizontal sliding bar by what cross sliding clock 322 can slide back and forth, the level The screw mandrel of the motor shaft of motor and the ball wire rod mechanism of horizontal movement connects;
The elevating mechanism includes the ball wire rod mechanism, vertical slipper 332, vertically vertical slide bar 334, cunning of vertical movement Block fixed plate 336 and vertical driving motor 333, the vertical slide bar are vertically mounted on vertical rack about 334, described vertical sliding Block 332 is fixed in vertical slipper fixed plate, and the vertical slipper 332 can slide up and down on vertical slide bar 334, institute Vertical driving motor 333 is stated installed in the upper end of vertical rack and is connected with the screw mandrel 335 of the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement, institute The feed screw nut 331 for stating the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement is fixed in vertical slipper fixed plate, the lower end of the vertical rack It is fixed on supporting plate;The cross sliding clock fixed plate is fixedly connected by corner fittings with vertical slipper fixed plate 336.
Further, the packing machine also includes single-chip microcomputer, the actuated by cams motor 319, horizontal drive motor and hangs down Straight motor 333 is connected with the single-chip microcomputer.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, Figure 3 shows, frame 1 includes upper framework and underframe, and the chain of the chain conveying mechanism is located at Between the left and right hack lever of underframe, the feeder motor 232 is stepper motor, and is arranged on underframe by motor cabinet 238 On right shelf bar, motor cabinet 238 is fixed in the lower section of right shelf bar by trapezoidal bolt;Two of the rear side of two chain conveying mechanisms Sprocket wheel passes through front side axis connection, the conveying electricity by rear side axis connection, two sprocket wheels of the front side of two chain conveying mechanisms The motor shaft of machine 232 is connected by timing belt 233 with synchronous pulley 231, and the synchronous pulley 231 is arranged on front side by jackscrew On the right-hand member of axle;Four bearing spiders 237 are respectively and fixedly connected to the rear and front end below underframe, one end two with trapezoidal bolt. Rotating shaft 236 passes through the center of bearing spider 237, affixed by trip bolt and two bearing spiders, and two sprocket wheels are attached separately to turn The left and right ends of axle 237, it is affixed by trip bolt and rotating shaft 236.Chain guide 233 is respectively and fixedly connected to two by trapezoidal bolt On frame underframe by side chain bar, the upside of chain realizes the fixation of chain by the cooperation with chain guide 233.Start defeated Power transmission machine, synchronous pulley 231 operate, and drive rotating shaft 236 and the sprocket wheel 235 being fixed in rotating shaft 236 to rotate, so as to realize chain 234 front and rear shuttling movement.
Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 is made up of jig plate, bearing pin, torsion spring, triangle part, deep groove ball bearing, roller.After first Clamping plate 212 is arranged in the same side with the second rear plate 213 and is integrally formed, while is provided with certain gap, fore-clamp between the two Tool plate 211 is located at the front of rear jig plate and relative fasten is arranged;Torsion spring is provided with two, after first rear plate and second The lower end of clamping plate 213 crosses bolt and is connected with triangle part respectively, and the bottom of the triangle part is fixed on chain by trapezoidal bolt Bend on carrier bar.The triangle part 3 of one side drilling is fixed in by bolt on the swash plate of front jig plate, is assembled in triangle part drill hole Upper deep groove ball bearing and roller 215 are simultaneously fixed.The limiting plate 6 of the Eriocheir foot of a chela passes through four blocks of aluminium section bars and frame underframe bolt It is affixed, it is separately fixed at the rear and front end of frame underframe.Anterior make by certain bending of Eriocheir chela limiting plate 6 and Into.The limiting plate 6 of two pieces of Eriocheir foot of a chela is affixed by welding manner with the aluminium section bar of both sides respectively.Enter feed collet for Eriocheir The guiding groove 22 for having 21 foldings is fixed in the bottom of frame underframe also by aluminium section bar and trapezoidal bolt.Enter feed collet in Eriocheir During the upward slope section for the valley that the roller 215 of tool 21 slides into guiding groove 22, Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 is in open mode, in suede When the roller 215 of chela crab feeding clamp 21 slides into the lower slope section and valley of the valley of guiding groove 22, Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 In clamped closed state, so as to realize the automatic open-close of Eriocheir feeding clamp 21;
Eriocheir quick-mounting device is plastics, and the right side step portion 12 is made up of two curved portions, the curved portions of end Distal outer surface be provided with the plug button for being used for the insertion of grafting bar, inverted U step is provided between two curved portions, in Eriocheir When quick-mounting device closes, left side step portion 14 is located at the outside in right side step portion, and the central strip insertion right side in left side step portion 14 In the plug button in step portion 12, while the end in left side step portion 14 is contacted on inverted U step;The Eriocheir quick-mounting device is Tie-type Eriocheir packing box, in Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding mechanism, horizontal drive motor, vertical driving motor 333 are Stepper motor, horizontal movement pair:The screw mandrel 5 of the ball wire rod mechanism of horizontal movement is front and rear to be arranged and passes through ball screw support base Support under be fixed in frame on framework, and driven by horizontal drive motor, the ball wire rod mechanism of horizontal movement There is feed screw nut 321 on screw mandrel;In order to support vertical movement module, two optical axis slide bars are added, slide bar is with box sliding block Cross sliding clock 322 is engaged.Box sliding block and ball screw round nut is fixed on cross sliding clock fixed plate, is driven in level Under the driving of dynamic motor, the screw mandrel of the ball wire rod mechanism of horizontal movement rotates so that screw mandrel round nut 321 is in horizontal movement Horizontal rectilinear motion is realized on the screw mandrel of ball wire rod mechanism, drives vertical slipper fixed plate 336 to realize linear motion up and down;Hang down Straight kinematic pair:The screw mandrel 335 of the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement drives vertical slipper under the driving of vertical driving motor 333 332 carry out vertical linear motion on vertical slide bar 2, and vertical slipper 332 is fixed in vertical slipper fixed plate 4, while horizontal Sliding block fixed plate is fixed by corner fittings and vertical slipper fixed plate 336.
It is equal that quick-mounting device feeds the spacing hole shape of the centre bore and quick-mounting device charging fixed block 313 on locating piece 312, size It is identical, it is hexagonal hole;Actuated by cams motor 319 is stepper motor;Movable block 316 carries out opening and closing fortune by wind spring 317 afterwards Dynamic, the spacing hole progress that wind spring 317 feeds fixed block 313 by quick-mounting device is spacing, and cam 318 is fixed in convex by trip bolt On the motor shaft of wheel drive motor 319, actuated by cams motor 319 is fixed on supporting plate 311 by bolt, and supporting plate passes through spiral shell Bolt is fixed on quick-mounting device charging fixed block 313, and quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312 is fixed on supporting plate 311 by bolt, is hung down Straight motor 333, horizontal drive motor drive the screw mandrel of the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement to rotate by shaft coupling respectively; The screw mandrel of ball wire rod mechanism is fixed on ball screw bearing block by bolt, and ball screw bearing block is fixed in by bolt In frame 1.
The Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5 is fixed on frame underframe by bolt, and Eriocheir quick-mounting device passes through Positioning hole thereon is socketed in Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5, because locating shaft 51 is provided with rubber block, in Eriocheir After what a Eriocheir quick-mounting device is quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 clamp, when departing from locating shaft 51, what other were not clamped Eriocheir quick-mounting device is kept off down by rubber block automatically.
In the Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism 4, the closure support is V-type support;Thin bar limiting plate group and square Limiting plate group is both secured to fix on bottom plate, wherein two pieces of thin bar limiting plates are distributed with each self-corresponding side plate in 5 degree, narrow head Towards center line, two pieces of square limiting plates are in parallel distribution with respective corresponding side plate, on the outside of thin bar limiting plate group, closure branch On the inside of the front and rear baffle of frame.Small boss is located at bottom plate centre position, and there is a fritter hairbrush both sides, hairbrush 46 is cross-shaped point to it is small Boss centerline direction, hairbrush and small boss limit upper and lower the two of the end of left side step portion 14 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device respectively Move in face.Two pieces of front and rear baffles connect with the fixed front-back of bottom plate 41, and rotatable left side baffle plate 421 and right-hand apron 422 are solid Due to the left and right sides of front and rear baffle, it is fixed on wherein rotatable left side baffle plate is coordinated by pin-and-hole on front and rear baffle, can be around Jointed shaft is rotated, because the constraint of back-moving spring 44 and the limitation of fixed bottom plate 41 are at fixed bit under normal condition Put, under working condition, the thrust of electric pushrod 43 can be such that it is opened along bottom plate breach side.Electric pushrod 43 and back-moving spring 44 Connection is respectively in right-hand apron 422 and the both sides of left side baffle plate 421.A series of baffle plates, which limit, causes Eriocheir quick-mounting device to keep Pre-determined route moves.Single-chip microcomputer can control the motor with screw mandrel to carry out set operating, when the motor with screw mandrel rotates, silk Bar can also carry out predetermined rotation, and due to the guiding of front and rear baffle and left and right side shield, Eriocheir quick-mounting device can reach specific bit Put, by the spacing of fixed bottom plate 41, finally according to the control of single-chip microcomputer, by a simple pressing action, coordinate electronic The left and right of push rod 43 is laterally exerted oneself, and completes the automatic Operating In Persistent Current Mode of Eriocheir quick-mounting device.
The course of work of semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine is:
1st, Eriocheir fill process:
During charging, Eriocheir is manually placed into Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 and adjusts good position.Start feeder motor 232, operated with synchronous pulley 235, rotating shaft 236 includes front side shaft and rear side axle, drives rear side axle and front side shaft and is fixed in The sprocket wheel 235 stated in rotating shaft 236 rotates, so as to realize the front and rear shuttling movement of chain 234.The top of the Eriocheir foot of a chela enters left In the limiting plate 6 of the Eriocheir foot of a chela of right both sides, the position adjustment of the Eriocheir foot of a chela is realized.Meanwhile Eriocheir feeding clamp 21 The roller 215 of downside enters in guiding groove 22, and is travelled forward along guiding groove 22, due to having peak valley setting on guiding groove 22, So as to realize the moving process of Eriocheir feeding clamp 21, it is connected with follow-up reclaiming process.Now, the semi-automatic charging of Eriocheir Process is achieved.
2nd, the fill process of Eriocheir quick-mounting device:
The motor shaft of horizontal drive motor is rotated, and the screw mandrel 32 of the ball wire rod mechanism of horizontal movement is driven by shaft coupling Rotation, so as to drive the motion of feed screw nut 321, because feed screw nut 321 is fixed in Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp mould Supporting plate 311 on block 31, so as to drive Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 to move, so that Eriocheir quick-mounting device enters Material clamp module 31 moves to the surface of Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5, and motor support plate is bolted on installation On the vertical rack for having the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement, while it is bolted on the electricity of the vertical drive on motor support plate The motor shaft of machine 333 rotates, and drives the screw mandrel 335 of the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement to rotate by shaft coupling so that suede chela Crab quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 carries out motion straight down, while in Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 The rotation of the motor shaft of actuated by cams motor 319, the rotation with moving cam 318, due to the company on cam 318 and rear movable block 316 Socket part linear contact lay, the opening of movable block 316 after drive, while Eriocheir quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 is straight down, then The clip of spring pressuring plate 314 on quick-mounting device charging locating piece 312 lives Eriocheir quick-mounting device, while the electricity of vertical driving motor 333 Arbor rotates backward and drives the screw mandrel 335 of the ball wire rod mechanism of vertical movement to rotate backward by shaft coupling so that suede chela Crab quick-mounting device feeding clamp module 31 carries out motion straight up, while is rotated backward in horizontal drive motor and pass through shaft coupling Device drives the rotation of the screw mandrel 32 of the ball wire rod mechanism of horizontal movement, so as to drive the counter motion of feed screw nut 321, makes it Transported from the Eriocheir quick-mounting device feed bin station at Eriocheir quick-mounting device fixing device 5 at Eriocheir multiple package position.So as to complete Into the automation crawl of Eriocheir quick-mounting device and the process of transport.
3rd, Eriocheir quick-mounting device and Eriocheir clamping process:
After above-mentioned Eriocheir quick-mounting device transports Eriocheir multiple package position, acted in the limiting plate 6 of the Eriocheir foot of a chela Double foot of a chela position adjustments of lower Eriocheir are to the crown of Eriocheir, and double chelas close cage, the ball wire at the same time to move vertically The screw mandrel 335 of linkage moves vertically, and when that will reach the limit of position, the motor shaft of actuated by cams motor 319 rotates, and drives The cam 318 affixed with it rotates, and rotates rear movable block 316, and at this moment the middle foot of a chela portion 13 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device is by suede chela Double foot of a chela covering of crab, lower a moment cam 318 rotate, and rear movable block 316 returns to original position under the effect of wind spring 317, Movable block 316 clamps Eriocheir with preceding geometrical clamp 315 afterwards, so as to complete the clamping to Eriocheir quick-mounting device and Eriocheir.
4th, Eriocheir quick-mounting device closing course:
Under preparation state, Eriocheir quick-mounting device is in the surface of Eriocheir quick-mounting device close mechanism 4, Eriocheir speed Dress device is also at normal open configuration.During work, single-chip microcomputer can control the motor with screw mandrel to carry out set operating, screw mandrel Predetermined rotation can be carried out, now Eriocheir quick-mounting device enters close mechanism, due to the constraint of front apron and rear baffle, Eriocheir Motion on quick-mounting device fore-and-aft direction is restricted.During continuous decline, the He of right side step portion 12 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device Left side step portion 14 can touch the right-hand apron 422 and left side baffle plate 421 of automatic closing gear, due to the pact by biside plate Beam, now the right side step portion 12 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device and the part of left side step portion 14 can gradually collapse.When Eriocheir quick-mounting device When reaching bottom, the lateral surface of right side step portion 12 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device can be constrained by the medial surface of thin bar limiting plate group 8, suede Lateral surface can receive the lateral surface of thin bar limiting plate group 8 and square limiting plate group 5 respectively in the left side step portion 14 of chela crab quick-mounting device The constraint of medial surface, Eriocheir quick-mounting device can only advance according to pre-determined route, until right side step portion 12 plug button withstand it is small Boss side surfaces, meanwhile, the afterbody in the left side step portion 14 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device has also been reached due to the constraint of hairbrush and small boss Specified location.Now, the afterbody in left side step portion 14 is located at directly over small boss, is close to small boss, plug button is close to small boss Right side, the tail portion of left side step portion 14 of Eriocheir quick-mounting device realizes accurate contraposition.According to the control of single-chip microcomputer, pass through one Individual simple pressing action, coordinate the promotion of electric pushrod 43, by the central strip insertion right side step portion 12 in left side step portion 14 Plug button in, be finally completed the automatic Operating In Persistent Current Mode of Eriocheir quick-mounting device.Electric pushrod continues to extend, due to thrust, When its numerical value is more than 44 pulling force of back-moving spring, the latter half of left side baffle plate 421 turns right, the Eriocheir of closed completion Quick-mounting device is eventually fallen into preprepared product collecting device by the breach on fixed bottom plate 41, now, whole suede chela The automatic Operating In Persistent Current Mode of crab quick-mounting device is fully completed.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide one and tie-type Eriocheir packing box is captured, fed and closed Machine, to reach the purpose that the handbag of substitution people fills;In addition, employing new Eriocheir packaging --- tie-type Eriocheir is packed Box, it instead of traditional use cotton rope and pack, while provide a kind of new Eriocheir based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine Feeding mechanism, the efficiency and bundling quality of Eriocheir packaging were both improved, and improved security during packaging Eriocheir again.

Claims (2)

  1. A kind of 1. Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine, it is characterised in that:Enter feed collet including Eriocheir Tool, guiding groove and conveying mechanism for Eriocheir feeding clamp folding, the Eriocheir feeding clamp are arranged on the conveying Moved in mechanism and with conveying mechanism, Eriocheir is transported to Eriocheir multiple package position from Eriocheir feed station, it is described Guiding groove is arranged in frame along fore-and-aft direction, and the frame is further respectively had for suede on the left and right sides of conveying mechanism Limiting plate of the chela crab foot of a chela towards upper limit;
    The conveying mechanism includes chain conveying mechanism, synchronous pulley and feeder motor, the chain conveying mechanism include chain, Sprocket wheel and chain guide, the chain guide are located at the inner side of limiting plate and in frames, the chain and sprocket engagement And chain guide is passed through, the chain conveying mechanism is provided with two, and the sprocket wheel of the same side of two chain conveying mechanisms passes through One rotating shaft connection, the motor shaft of the feeder motor are connected by timing belt with synchronous pulley, and the synchronous pulley fixes peace In rotating shaft;The guiding groove is arranged in the frame of chain conveying mechanism side;
    The Eriocheir feeding clamp is located at the lower section of limiting plate and is arranged between two chain conveying mechanisms, the Eriocheir Feeding clamp includes front jig plate and rear jig plate, and the front jig plate and rear jig plate are by hinge, on the bearing pin Torsion spring is also set with, the rear end of torsion spring is connected with rear jig plate, and the front end of torsion spring is contacted on front jig plate, the rear jig plate Including the first rear plate and the second rear plate, the front jig plate is between the first rear plate and the second rear plate, after described The left and right ends of jig plate are fixed on chain by bending carrier bar respectively, and the lower end of the front jig plate is connected with by swash plate Triangle part, roller are arranged on triangle part by deep groove ball bearing, and the roller is located in the guiding groove and can be along guiding Groove slides;
    The guiding groove is waveform, is respectively equipped with valley at Eriocheir feed station and at Eriocheir multiple package position, two It is valley between valley.
  2. 2. the Eriocheir feeding mechanism as claimed in claim 1 based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine, it is characterised in that:It is described Limiting plate anterior-posterior horizontal arranges that the rear portion of the limiting plate is horizontal part, and the front portion of institute's limiting plate is to the inclined song of inner underside Face.
CN201720839171.2U 2017-07-12 2017-07-12 Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine Expired - Fee Related CN207045830U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720839171.2U CN207045830U (en) 2017-07-12 2017-07-12 Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720839171.2U CN207045830U (en) 2017-07-12 2017-07-12 Eriocheir feeding mechanism based on semi-automatic Eriocheir packing machine

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110040279A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-07-23 张军龙 It is a kind of to utilize the steamed crab bundling apparatus for intersecting dislocation type

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110040279A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-07-23 张军龙 It is a kind of to utilize the steamed crab bundling apparatus for intersecting dislocation type

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