CN206705416U - A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device - Google Patents

A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206705416U
CN206705416U CN201720522737.9U CN201720522737U CN206705416U CN 206705416 U CN206705416 U CN 206705416U CN 201720522737 U CN201720522737 U CN 201720522737U CN 206705416 U CN206705416 U CN 206705416U
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China
Prior art keywords
drum
gear
wheel
cable
support frame
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201720522737.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王成军
于瑞
郭永存
丁正荣
沈豫浙
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Anhui University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201720522737.9U priority Critical patent/CN206705416U/en
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device, including base, support frame, drive device, transmission device, drum group and draw-gear.Support frame and drive device are fixedly mounted on base;Drum group on support frame includes the preceding drum of structure identical, rear drum and top line disk, and is connected with drive device by transmission device;Draw-gear is used to provide guiding and traction drive power for cable;Drive device includes main motor, decelerator and electromagnetic clutch.Drive device is the powered rotation of drum group when reclaiming cable, and draw-gear only play the guiding role;Electromagnetic clutch disengages transmission device and main motor during unwrapping wire, and draw-gear provides traction power.The utility model can synchronize recovery or line laying work to three-route cable simultaneously, and operating efficiency is high, and cable can be avoided to twist strength or winding, and labor intensity is low, also have the advantages that structure section gather, simple and convenient operation and maintenance, reduce construction cost.

Description

A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device
Technical field
The utility model belongs to power construction equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization wire coiling and releasing Put.
Background technology
The cables such as wire & cable and optical fiber cable be as electrical energy transportation or signal transmission main carriers, either it is military still Civil area, it can all run into needs indoors outer quickly retracting cable, the situation of optical cable, cable in especially various engineering constructions Usage amount and laying work it is all very huge.At present, when cable work is laid in engineering construction, mainly using two methods, One kind is that cable is removed from cable disc by manpower to be laid again;Another kind is to rely on drawing cable coil holder, by cable Disk is placed on artificial traction cable or rotation cable disc on rotatable folding and unfolding coil holder and realizes retractable cable.When cable diameter is thicker When, the bad grasp of hand, and it is very laborious with hand, some thick line cables are particularly, cable can rotate and twist strength during unwrapping wire, The cable of releasing is rolled into twisted shape, while be threaded together because cable is generally metal multi cord and lines be present, construct Personnel can also be worn even with gloves, hand because cable rotates.Even thinner plastic coated wire, roll is unfolded by hand Because mode of operation one is will directly to penetrate the coil of wire on the other hand during plastic coated wire, another hand directly laterally pulls out coil, and wire is each Circle all in shape is tiltedly turned round, is close to line and stretched entirely.Another way is to penetrate the coil of wire using both hands and rock both hands to turn-take action, people with Movement and unfold out wire.The wire glacing flatness that both modes of operation are unfolded is very small, and unwrapping wire personnel are very tired, and work is strong Degree is high, and manual unwrapping wire unshapeliness.Above-mentioned method often wastes substantial amounts of human resources, particularly in laying high-volume cable During work, waste time and energy, operating efficiency is low, improves construction cost, has delayed construction speed.
For insufficient problem existing for existing cable winding apparatus, existing patent document it is also proposed some solutions, Such as Chinese invention patent " bare conductor wire dispenser " (application number:201310673703.6) propose that one kind can winding clamp time using handle The tumbler turned, to solve the problems, such as that worker is easily hurt by wire in work progress, but this invents and does not solve multichannel and puts The problem of line and recovery.Chinese invention patent " Novel spinning reel " (application number:201310398535.4), " Multi-way unwinding device " (application number:201110339501.9), yoke plate paying-off device (application number:201210360383.4) a kind of wire dispenser is disclosed respectively Equipment, these patents realize the separated of different cables, solve the problems, such as the winding of cable in use, but not Possesses cable recovery function.Chinese utility model patent " wire dispenser " (application number:201620530566.X) utilize rotatable branch Support of the frame as draw drum, cantilever tip are provided with upper limit part, while have also been devised foot brake mechanism and be used for controlling unwrapping wire Speed, this patent can only the mono- Bales electric wires of Fang Zhi and the device by manually carrying out electric wire recovery, operating efficiency is relatively low, work is strong Degree is big.A kind of Chinese invention patent " reel " (application number:201610396979.8) a cylinder racks are devised, prop up Frame both ends by connecting position of the drum baffle plate fixed coil on device, be provided with axle sleeve and drum baffle plate brake gear with The speed that control coil rotates, the patent do not solve cable recovery function.Chinese utility model patent " Assembled thread releaser " (application number:201620425406.9) three rotary creel stands are placed in frame, this device can simultaneously folding and unfolding three tie Coil, solve limitation of the wire dispenser to coil usage quantity, but the device running part is relatively easy, it is impossible to control electricity The speed of line recovery.A kind of practical patent " wire dispenser " (application number of China:201520948397.7) design in using length The height of adjusting rod regulation winding cable is spent, electric wire is exported by wire-crossing wheel, and the patent defines track derived from electric wire, avoids Cable rubs at corner the situation of breakage crust, but is only applicable to the use of single coil, and without cable recovery work( Energy.Chinese utility model patent " Multi-way unwinding device " (application number:201520801000.1) design include folding base seat, rotate Axle, draw drum, adjustment tank, can be dismantled by folding base seat to wire dispenser, and multiple actinobacillus devices are set in rotary shaft, can be real The placement of existing a variety of coils, improve operating efficiency, the adjustable clamping to draw drum of adjustment tank, suitable for putting for different-diameter Drum, the patent solve multigroup coil problem used at the same time, and solve the problems, such as that different types of coil uses, still Do not possess cable recovery function.Chinese invention patent " variable-frequency electric take-up and pay-off device " (application number:200910215423.4) logical The motor that a configuration frequency converter is placed in frame is crossed, the height of frame is adjusted by hydraulic jack, the device has abandoned biography Electric cable disc of uniting manually is changed and the substitute mode of hand fit's crane, but the device is only applicable to the use of single coil, Operating efficiency is relatively low.Chinese invention patent " weather-proof line retractable cable wheel apparatus " (application number:201510465556.2) using chassis, The retractable cable of the structure realization devices such as coiling vertical shaft, motor and two coiling block plates, saves manpower, but the device is in electric wire The speed of recovery does not control clearly, and the device is only applicable to the coil of single type, without generality.Middle promulgated by the State Council A kind of bright patent " multi-functional cable take-up and pay-off device " (application number:201610576453.8) utilize control system controlled motor pair In the folding and unfolding of electric wire, while encoder is mounted with respectively on each driving wheel, can control in real time the speed of retractable cable with Length, although the speed and length of retractable cable can be accurately controlled, each driving wheel is individually driven by motor on the device It is dynamic, control inconvenience, cost height.Chinese invention patent " anti-breaking take-up and pay-off device " (application number:201410161126.7) in roller seat Roll shaft on frictional disk is installed, equipped with holddown spring and compress adjusting handle on the roll shaft at place, roller seat hinders when being provided with unwrapping wire The take-up handle stopper of take-up handle is kept off, suitable for the winding roller of different size, it is ensured that tensile force during retractable cable, will not pull Line is powered off, but the device is only applicable to the artificial folding and unfolding of single-deck cable.Chinese utility model patent " test by portable grounding resistance Reel " (application number:201320268828.6) it is hand to include roll, coiling axle bed and three wire spools, utilization for design Mode electric wire is closed on wire spool, but the device carries out folding and unfolding electric wire, no auto-lock function by the way of artificial.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is in view of the shortcomings of the prior art, there is provided one kind can synchronize to three-route cable simultaneously Recovery or the electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device of line laying work, radial direction tensioning apparatus can be adjusted according to the internal diameter of different cable discs Tensioning diameter, it is easy to operate, can overcome the shortcomings of existing actinobacillus device, improve the efficiency and quality of drawing cable operation, drop Low labor intensity and construction cost, the defects of prior art can be overcome.
Technical problem to be solved in the utility model is realized using following technical scheme.
A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device, including base, support frame, drive device, transmission device, drum group and Draw-gear.Wherein, driving tooth wheel seat is provided with the middle part of described base, for installing the driving gear in transmission device; Described support frame and drive device is fixedly mounted on base, described support frame phase directly by way of welding with base Connection, described drive device is located at the bottom of support frame, and is connected by bolt with base;Described drum group is arranged on On support frame, and it is connected with drive device by transmission device, described drum group includes preceding drum, rear drum and top line Disk;Described draw-gear is located at the front end of support frame, and is connected with support frame by screw.
Described support frame is used to install, support transmission device, drum group and draw-gear, after described support frame End top is provided with rear drum seat, for drum after fixed installation;Hitch frame is provided with the front top of support frame, is pacified for fixed Fill draw-gear;Preceding drum seat is provided with the rear end of hitch frame, for preceding drum to be fixedly mounted;In being provided with the middle part of support frame Heart pinion stand, for installing the central gear in transmission device;Top line disk seat is provided with the middle part top of support frame, for fixing Top line disk is installed;And it is equipped with U-shaped mounting groove in described rear drum seat, preceding drum seat and top line disk seat.
Described drive device includes main motor, decelerator and electromagnetic clutch.Wherein, described main motor passes through screw It is fixedly mounted on base, and is connected with decelerator by shaft coupling, the rotation for drum group provides power;Described deceleration Device is fixedly mounted on base by screw, and is connected with transmission device by electromagnetic clutch;Described electromagnetic clutch Between decelerator and driving tooth wheel seat, for realizing cut-out and combination between drive device and transmission device.Described Decelerator, using worm type of reduction gearing, it is drum group that can utilize auto-lock function possessed by worm type of reduction gearing itself Self-lock protection function is provided.
Described transmission device be used for for drum group rotation passing power, described transmission device include driving gear, Central gear, front gear, backgear and apical tooth wheel.Wherein, the reference diameter of central gear is more than the reference circle of driving gear Diameter, front gear, the number of teeth of backgear and apical tooth wheel, reference diameter are equal;Described driving gear installation is in the base In the driving tooth wheel seat in portion, for the power of main motor and decelerator to be passed into central gear, while to the rotating speed of main motor Secondary speed-reducing is carried out, and is connected between the rotating shaft of driving gear and driving tooth wheel seat by bearing;Described central gear position In the surface of driving gear, for the rotation of driving gear synchronously to be passed into front gear, backgear and apical tooth wheel, centre tooth The mandrel of wheel is arranged in the centre tooth wheel seat of support frame, and is connected between centre tooth wheel seat by bearing;Before described The both sides of central gear are arranged symmetrically in before and after gear, backgear, the disk that is at the front is fixedly mounted by screw in described front gear Side, described backgear is fixedly mounted on the side of rear drum by screw;Described apical tooth wheel is located at central gear Surface, and it is fixedly mounted on by screw the side of top line disk;By nibbling outside between described central gear and driving gear The mode of conjunction is connected, and described front gear, backgear, apical tooth wheel between central gear by way of external toothing with being connected Connect.
Described preceding drum is fixedly mounted in the preceding drum seat of support frame, and described rear drum is fixedly mounted on support frame Rear drum seat in, described top line disk is fixedly mounted in the top line disk seat of support frame.The preceding wire coil shaft of described preceding drum, The both ends of the top line dish axle of rear wire coil shaft and the top line disk of drum are separately fixed at preceding drum seat, rear drum seat and top line disk seat afterwards U-shaped mounting groove in.The axis of described preceding drum, described rear drum and described top line disk is at the front in horizontally disposed Cable is wound with disk, rear drum and top line disk.
Described draw-gear is used to draw cable progress line laying work or provides guiding in take-up operation for cable, institute The draw-gear stated includes traction electric machine, contact roller, traction wheel, regulator and towing tank.Wherein, for installing traction electricity Machine, contact roller, the side of towing tank of traction wheel and regulator are fixedly connected with by screw and hitch frame, described traction electric machine The opposite side of towing tank is fixedly mounted on by screw, power is provided for the rotation of traction wheel, and on the top of described towing tank Portion is provided with two screwed holes being arranged symmetrically, and two long waist shapeds being arranged symmetrically are additionally provided with the both sides upper end of described towing tank Hole.Described contact roller is used to compress the cable through towing tank, and described contact roller includes compressing wheel shaft and compresses wheel body.Institute It is connected between the compression wheel body stated and compression wheel shaft by bearing, three is provided with described compression wheel body and is used to accommodate line The annular cable trough of cable, guide surface, the both ends of described compression wheel shaft are equipped with the both ends head of described compression wheel shaft It is placed in the long waist shaped hole of towing tank, and compresses and form one between the guide surface at both ends of wheel shaft and the long waist shaped hole of towing tank Individual prismatic pair.Described traction wheel is used to draw cable, and described traction wheel includes traction wheel shaft and traction wheel body.Described Traction wheel body is provided with three annular cable troughs for being used to accommodate cable, and described traction wheel body is fixedly connected with traction wheel shaft, institute The both ends for the traction wheel shaft stated are connected by bearing with towing tank, and one end of traction wheel shaft passes through locking screw with traction electric machine Nail is connected.Described regulator is used to adjust the thrust that contact roller is applied on cable, and described regulator includes Screw press, look nut, pressure spring and the pressure regulation collar.Wherein, the described pressure regulation collar has two, and is set in pressure The both ends of bearing up pulley axle;The lower end of described screw press is connected with the pressure regulation collar by hinge, and the middle part of screw press is with leading The screwed hole for drawing case is connected by screw thread;Described pressure spring is sleeved on the upper end of screw press, and is located at look nut Between towing tank, for providing pretightning force for regulator;Described look nut be located at the top of screw press and with tune Pressure screw rod is connected by screw thread.Described traction electric machine uses platypelloid type reducing motor.
Described preceding drum, described rear drum are identical with the structure of described top line disk, are used to wind cable. Described preceding drum includes preceding wire coil shaft, supporting wheel hub, radial direction tensioning apparatus, radial direction guide rod and cable disc.Wherein, described branch Support wheel hub installation is at the front in dish axle, and is connected between preceding wire coil shaft by bearing.At the both ends of described preceding wire coil shaft Spacing breach is additionally provided with, and described preceding wire coil shaft is fixedly mounted by its spacing breach and is at the front in the U-shaped mounting groove of disk seat, The position being at the front for wire coil shaft before limiting in disk seat.Radially-directed set and axial direction are provided with the middle part of described supporting wheel hub Guide sleeve, described radially-directed are covered for installing radial direction guide rod.The outboard end of described radial direction guide rod and radial direction tensioning apparatus It is connected by screw thread, the medial extremity of described radial direction guide rod is arranged in the radially-directed set of supporting wheel hub and can be along radially Guide sleeve slides;Described radial direction tensioning apparatus is located in cable disc and diametrically tension cable disk;Described radial direction Tensioning apparatus is used to adjust the radial dimension of itself, to adapt to the change of different cable disc diameters, described radial direction tensioning apparatus It is described including left sliding sleeve, right sliding sleeve, tension link, arc tensioning block, double end adjusting screw rod, left-handed nut and right-handed nut Left sliding sleeve, right sliding sleeve are sleeved on supporting wheel hub and are connected between supporting wheel hub by spline, left positioned at supporting wheel hub The outboard end of the tension link at end is connected with arc tensioning block by hinge, and its medial extremity is connected with left sliding sleeve by hinge Connect;Outboard end positioned at the tension link of supporting wheel hub right-hand member is connected with arc tensioning block by hinge, its medial extremity and the right side Sliding sleeve is connected by hinge;Described arc tensioning block has three, and described radial direction guide rod has three groups, totally six, described Tension link has two groups, totally six;The inner side of described arc tensioning block is connected with the outboard end of radial direction guide rod by screw thread; Described left-handed nut is connected with left sliding sleeve, and described right-handed nut is connected with right sliding sleeve;In described double end adjusting screw rod Portion is arranged in axially directed set, and the left end of described double end adjusting screw rod is connected with left-handed nut by left hand thread, institute The right-hand member for the double end adjusting screw rod stated is connected with right-handed nut by right-handed thread;Described double end adjusting screw rod, left-handed spiral shell The double helix screw rod group that female and right-handed nut is formed shares three groups.Bolt string holes is provided with a side shield of described cable disc, For fixed cable;Gear connecting plate, and gear connecting plate and cable disc are provided with the outer of another side shield of cable disc Side shield be fixedly connected with by rivet, described gear connecting plate is connected with front gear by screw.
Before work, first have to preceding drum, rear drum and top line disk being separately mounted to preceding drum seat, rear drum seat and top line In disk seat, ensure the axis of preceding wire coil shaft, rear wire coil shaft and top line dish axle in level and be parallel to each other;So that front gear, rear tooth Wheel and apical tooth wheel are located at phase the same side of support frame, and keep engaging between central gear simultaneously.
When performing line laying work task, it is necessary to first remain off electromagnetic clutch, then by preceding drum, rear line The head of the cable wound on disk and top line disk pulls out the gap being each passed through between the contact roller of draw-gear and traction wheel, so The position of screw press in regulator is adjusted afterwards, and contact roller applies pretightning force to cable.Finally, restart traction electric machine, lead Lead-in cables, which move forward, carries out line laying work., can be with main motor and traction electric machine during to carrying out line laying work compared with thick line cable Collaboration is completed, and can not only reduce the traction power of traction electric machine, can also make full use of the auto-lock function of worm type of reduction gearing, Ensure the safety of cable line laying work, avoid the arrangement brake device in drum group, reduce equipment cost and energy consumption.
When performing cable recovery job task, it is necessary to be first kept closed electromagnetic clutch, then adjust pressure regulation Screw press unclamps the lock-screw outside traction electric machine output shaft, respectively passes through three cables to suitable position in device It is wound into behind gap between contact roller and traction wheel on preceding drum, rear drum and top line disk, and is fixed on corresponding bolt string holes In.Finally, main motor is started, driving gear driving central gear rotates, while central gear and synchronous driving front gear, rear tooth Wheel and apical tooth wheel synchronous axial system, and then drive preceding drum, rear drum and top line disk to rotate, three-route cable is respectively wound around front On disk, rear drum and top line disk, the recovery operation of cable is realized.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are that compared with prior art, the utility model can be simultaneously to three road spiral cables Recovery or line laying work are synchronized, operating efficiency is high, and cable can be avoided to twist strength or winding;The recovery of cable and line laying work point Do not completed by main motor and traction electric machine driving, automaticity is high, and labor intensity is low;To carrying out line laying work compared with thick line cable When, completion can be cooperateed with main motor and traction electric machine, can not only reduce the traction power of traction electric machine, can also be fully sharp With the auto-lock function of worm type of reduction gearing, it is ensured that the safety of cable line laying work, reduce construction cost.In addition, this practicality The new tensioning diameter that radial direction tensioning apparatus can be also adjusted according to the internal diameter of different cable discs, there is structure section to gather, hold facility The advantages that space is small, safe, simple and convenient operation and maintenance.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is general structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the transmission system schematic diagram of transmission device of the present utility model;
Fig. 3 is the assembling relationship figure of preceding drum group of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is Fig. 3 A-A sectional views;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation of support frame of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the structural representation of draw-gear of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is the structural representation of the front support axle of preceding drum group of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is use state diagram of the utility model in take-up or unwrapping wire.
Embodiment
In order that technological means, creation characteristic, reached purpose and effect that the utility model is realized are easy to understand, With reference to specific embodiment and diagram, the utility model is expanded on further.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5 and Fig. 8, a kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device, including base 1, support frame 2, driving Device 3, transmission device 4, drum group 5 and draw-gear 6.Wherein, driving tooth wheel seat 11 is provided with the middle part of described base 1, For installing the driving gear 41 in transmission device 4;Described support frame 2 and drive device 3 is fixedly mounted on base 1, institute The support frame 2 stated directly is connected with base 1 by way of welding, and described drive device 3 is located at the bottom of support frame 2, And it is connected by bolt with base 1;Described drum group 5 is arranged on support frame 2, and is filled with drive device 3 by being driven Put 4 to be connected, described drum group 5 includes preceding drum 51, rear drum 52 and top line disk 53;Described draw-gear 6 is positioned at branch The front end of support 2, and be connected with support frame 2 by screw.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5 and Fig. 8, described support frame 2 is used to install, supports transmission device 4, drum group 5 and traction Device 6, rear drum seat 21 is provided with the top of the rear end of described support frame 2, for drum after fixed installation 52;In support frame 2 Front top be provided with hitch frame 25, for draw-gear 6 to be fixedly mounted;Preceding drum seat 22 is provided with the rear end of hitch frame 25, For drum 51 before being fixedly mounted;Centre tooth wheel seat 23 is provided with the middle part of support frame 2, used in installing in transmission device 4 Heart gear 42;Top line disk seat 24 is provided with the middle part top of support frame 2, for top line disk 53 to be fixedly mounted;And after described U-shaped mounting groove is equipped with drum seat 21, preceding drum seat 22 and top line disk seat 24.
As illustrated in figures 1 and 8, described drive device 3 includes main motor 31, decelerator 32 and electromagnetic clutch 33.Its In, described main motor 31 is fixedly mounted on base 1 by screw, and is connected with decelerator 32 by shaft coupling, is line The rotation of disk group 5 provides power;Described decelerator 32 is fixedly mounted on base 1 by screw, and is passed through with transmission device 4 Electromagnetic clutch 33 is connected;Described electromagnetic clutch 33 is between decelerator 32 and driving tooth wheel seat 11, for realizing Cut-out and combination between drive device 3 and transmission device 4.Described decelerator 32, using worm type of reduction gearing, Ke Yili The auto-lock function possessed by worm type of reduction gearing itself is that drum group 5 provides self-lock protection function.
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2 with shown in Fig. 8, described transmission device 4 is used for the rotation passing power for drum group 5, described Transmission device 4 includes driving gear 41, central gear 42, front gear 43, backgear 44 and apical tooth wheel 45.Wherein, central gear 42 reference diameter be more than driving gear 41 reference diameter, front gear 43, backgear 44 and apical tooth wheel 45 the number of teeth, point It is equal to spend circular diameter;Described driving gear 41 is arranged in the driving tooth wheel seat 11 at the middle part of base 1, for by main motor 31 Central gear 42 is passed to the power of decelerator 32, while secondary speed-reducing, and driving gear are carried out to the rotating speed of main motor 31 It is connected between 41 rotating shaft and driving tooth wheel seat 11 by bearing;Described central gear 42 be located at driving gear 41 just on Side, for the rotation of driving gear 41 synchronously to be passed into front gear 43, backgear 44 and apical tooth wheel 45, the heart of central gear 42 Axle is arranged in the centre tooth wheel seat 23 of support frame 2, and is connected between centre tooth wheel seat 23 by bearing;Described nipper The both sides of central gear 42 are arranged symmetrically in before and after wheel 43, backgear 44, described front gear 43 is fixedly mounted on by screw The side of preceding drum 51, described backgear 44 are fixedly mounted on the side of rear drum 52 by screw;Described apical tooth wheel 45 Positioned at the surface of central gear 42, and it is fixedly mounted on by screw the side of top line disk 53;Described central gear 42 with It is connected between driving gear 41 by way of external toothing, described front gear 43, backgear 44, apical tooth wheel 45 and centre tooth It is connected between wheel 42 by way of external toothing.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 5 and Fig. 8, described preceding drum 51 is fixedly mounted in the preceding drum seat 22 of support frame 2, described Rear drum 52 be fixedly mounted in the rear drum seat 21 of support frame 2, described top line disk 53 is fixedly mounted on the top of support frame 2 In drum seat 24.The top line of the preceding wire coil shaft 511 of described preceding drum 51, the rear wire coil shaft 521 of rear drum 52 and top line disk 53 The both ends of dish axle 531 are separately fixed in the U-shaped mounting groove of preceding drum seat 22, rear drum seat 21 and top line disk seat 24.Described The axis of preceding drum 51, described rear drum 52 and described top line disk 53 is in horizontally disposed, the disk 51 that is at the front, the and of rear drum 52 Cable 7 is wound with top line disk 53.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 6 and Fig. 8, described draw-gear 6 is used to draw the progress line laying work of cable 7 or made in take-up Guiding is provided for cable 7 during industry, described draw-gear 6 includes traction electric machine 61, contact roller 62, traction wheel 63, regulator 64 and towing tank 65.Wherein, for installing traction electric machine 61, contact roller 62, traction wheel 63 and the towing tank 65 of regulator 64 Side be fixedly connected with by screw and hitch frame 25, described traction electric machine 61 is fixedly mounted on the another of towing tank 65 by screw Side, power is provided for the rotation of traction wheel 63, and two screw threads being arranged symmetrically are provided with the top of described towing tank 65 Hole 651, two long waist shaped being arranged symmetrically holes 652 are additionally provided with the both sides upper end of described towing tank 65.Described contact roller 62 are used to compress the cable 7 through towing tank 65, and described contact roller 62 includes compressing wheel shaft 621 and compresses wheel body 622.It is described Compression wheel body 622 and compressing be connected by bearing between wheel shaft 621, three use are provided with described compression wheel body 622 In the annular cable trough for accommodating cable, guide surface 6211 is equipped with the both ends head of described compression wheel shaft 621, it is described The both ends for compressing wheel shaft 621 are placed in the long waist shaped hole 652 of towing tank 65, and compress the guide surface at the both ends of wheel shaft 621 A prismatic pair is formed between 6211 and the long waist shaped hole 652 of towing tank 65.Described traction wheel 63 is used to draw cable 7, institute The traction wheel 63 stated includes traction wheel shaft 631 and traction wheel body 632.Three are provided with described traction wheel body 632 to be used to hold Receive the annular cable trough of cable, described traction wheel body 632 is fixedly connected with traction wheel shaft 631, and the two of described traction wheel shaft 631 End is connected by bearing with towing tank 65, and the one end for drawing wheel shaft 631 is connected with traction electric machine 61 by lock-screw 66 Connect.Described regulator 64 is used to adjust the thrust that contact roller 62 is applied on cable 7, and described regulator 64 includes Screw press 641, look nut 642, pressure spring 643 and the pressure regulation collar 644.Wherein, the described pressure regulation collar 644 has two It is individual, and it is set in the both ends for compressing wheel shaft 621;The lower end of described screw press 641 passes through hinge with the pressure regulation collar 644 It is connected, the middle part of screw press 641 is connected with the screwed hole 651 of towing tank 65 by screw thread;Described pressure spring 643 The upper end of screw press 641 is sleeved on, and between look nut 642 and towing tank 65, for being provided for regulator 64 Pretightning force;Described look nut 642 is located at the top of screw press 641 and is connected with screw press 641 by screw thread.Institute The traction electric machine 61 stated uses platypelloid type reducing motor.
As shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 7 and Fig. 8, described preceding drum 51, described rear drum 52 and described top line The structure of disk 53 is identical, is used to wind cable 7.Described preceding drum 51 include preceding wire coil shaft 511, supporting wheel hub 512, Radial direction tensioning apparatus 513, radial direction guide rod 514 and cable disc 515.Wherein, described supporting wheel hub 512 installs the dish axle that is at the front On 511, and it is connected between preceding wire coil shaft 511 by bearing.Spacing lack is additionally provided with the both ends of described preceding wire coil shaft 511 Mouth 5111, and the U-shaped mounting groove for the disk seat 22 that is at the front is fixedly mounted by its spacing breach 5111 for described preceding wire coil shaft 511 Position that is interior, being at the front for wire coil shaft 511 before limiting in disk seat 22.It is provided with radially at the middle part of described supporting wheel hub 512 Guide sleeve 5121 and axially directed set 5122, described radially-directed set 5121 are used to install radial direction guide rod 514.Described radial direction The outboard end of guide rod 514 is connected with radial direction tensioning apparatus 513 by screw thread, the medial extremity installation of described radial direction guide rod 514 In the radially-directed set 5121 of supporting wheel hub 512 and sliding can be covered along radially-directed;Described radial direction tensioning apparatus 513 In the cable disc 515 and diametrically tension cable disk 515;Described radial direction tensioning apparatus 513 is used to adjust itself Radial dimension, to adapt to the change of the different diameters of cable disc 515, described radial direction tensioning apparatus 513 includes left sliding sleeve 5131, the right side Sliding sleeve 5132, tension link 5133, arc tensioning block 5134, double end adjusting screw rod 5135, left-handed nut 5136 and right-handed nut 5137, described left sliding sleeve 5131, right sliding sleeve 5132 are sleeved on supporting wheel hub 512 and passed through between supporting wheel hub 512 Spline is connected, and the outboard end positioned at the tension link 5133 of the left end of supporting wheel hub 512 passes through hinge with arc tensioning block 5134 It is connected, its medial extremity is connected with left sliding sleeve 5131 by hinge;Positioned at the tension link 5133 of supporting wheel hub 512 right-hand member Outboard end is connected with arc tensioning block 5134 by hinge, and its medial extremity is connected with right sliding sleeve 5132 by hinge;It is described Arc tensioning block 5134 have three, described radial direction guide rod 514 has three groups, totally six, and described tension link 5133 has two Group, totally six;The inner side of described arc tensioning block 5134 is connected with the outboard end of radial direction guide rod 514 by screw thread;It is described Left-handed nut 5136 and left sliding sleeve 5131 be connected, described right-handed nut 5137 is connected with right sliding sleeve 5132;Described double end The middle part of adjusting screw rod 5135 is arranged in axially directed set 5122, left end and the left-handed spiral shell of described double end adjusting screw rod 5135 Mother 5136 is connected by left hand thread, and right-hand member and the right-handed nut 5137 of described double end adjusting screw rod 5135 pass through dextrorotation spiral shell Line is connected;The double helix screw rod group that described double end adjusting screw rod 5135, left-handed nut 5136 and right-handed nut 5137 is formed Share three groups.Bolt string holes 5151 is provided with a side shield of described cable disc 515, for fixed cable 7;In cable disc Gear connecting plate 5152, and the side shield of gear connecting plate 5152 and cable disc 515 are provided with the outer of 515 another side shield It is fixedly connected with by rivet, described gear connecting plate 5152 is connected with front gear 43 by screw.
Before work, first have to preceding drum 51, rear drum 52 and top line disk 53 being separately mounted to the preceding drum seat of support frame 2 22nd, in rear drum seat 21 and top line disk seat 24, the axis of the preceding wire coil shaft 511 of guarantee, rear wire coil shaft 521 and top line dish axle 531 is in It is horizontal and be parallel to each other;So that front gear 43, backgear 44 and apical tooth wheel 45 are located at phase the same side of support frame 2, and simultaneously with Engagement is kept between central gear 42.
When performing line laying work task, it is necessary to first electromagnetic clutch 33 is remained off, then by preceding drum 51, The head of the cable 7 wound afterwards on drum 52 and top line disk 53 pulls out the contact roller 62 and traction wheel for being each passed through draw-gear 6 Gap between 63, then adjusts the position of screw press 641 in regulator 64, and contact roller 62 applies pretightning force to cable 7. Finally, traction electric machine 61 is restarted, traction cable 7, which moves forward, carries out line laying work.
When performing cable recovery job task, it is necessary to be first kept closed electromagnetic clutch 33, then adjustment is adjusted Screw press 641 unclamps the lock-screw 66 outside the output shaft of traction electric machine 61, respectively by three to suitable position in pressure device 64 Root cable 7 is wound into behind the gap through contact roller 62 and traction wheel 63 on preceding drum 51, rear drum 52 and top line disk 53, And it is fixed in corresponding bolt string holes 5151.Finally, main motor 31 is started, driving gear 41 drives central gear 42 to rotate, together When central gear 42 synchronous driving front gear 43, backgear 44 and the synchronous axial system of apical tooth wheel 45 again, and then drum 51 before driving, after Drum 52 and top line disk 53 are rotated, and three-route cable 7 is respectively wound around on preceding drum 51, rear drum 52 and top line disk 53, are realized The recovery operation of cable 7.
General principle, principal character and advantage of the present utility model has been shown and described above.The technical staff of the industry It should be appreciated that the utility model is not restricted to the described embodiments, the simply explanation described in above-described embodiment and specification is originally The principle of utility model, on the premise of the spirit and scope of the utility model is not departed from, the utility model also has various change And improvement, these changes and improvements are both fallen within the range of the requires of the utility model protection.The utility model requires protection scope By appended claims and its equivalent thereof.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device, including base, support frame, drive device, transmission device, drum group and lead Leading-in device, it is characterised in that:Described support frame and drive device is fixedly mounted on base, and described support frame and base are straight The mode for connecting welding is connected, and described drive device is located at the bottom of support frame, and is connected by bolt with base; Described drum group is arranged on support frame, and is connected with drive device by transmission device, before described drum group includes Drum, rear drum and top line disk;Described draw-gear is located at the front end of support frame, and is connected with support frame by screw, Wherein:
Driving tooth wheel seat is provided with the middle part of described base;
Rear drum seat is provided with the top of the rear end of described support frame, hitch frame is provided with the front top of support frame, is drawing The rear end of frame is provided with preceding drum seat, is provided with centre tooth wheel seat at the middle part of support frame, top line is provided with the middle part top of support frame Disk seat, and it is equipped with U-shaped mounting groove in described rear drum seat, preceding drum seat and top line disk seat;
Described drive device includes main motor, decelerator and electromagnetic clutch, wherein, described main motor is fixed by screw It is connected on base, and with decelerator by shaft coupling;Described decelerator is fixedly mounted on base by screw, And it is connected with transmission device by electromagnetic clutch;Described electromagnetic clutch is between decelerator and driving tooth wheel seat;
Described transmission device includes driving gear, central gear, front gear, backgear and apical tooth wheel, wherein, described active Gear is arranged in the driving tooth wheel seat of the middle of the base, and is connected between the rotating shaft of driving gear and driving tooth wheel seat by bearing Connect;Described central gear is located at the surface of driving gear, and the mandrel of central gear is arranged on the centre tooth wheel seat of support frame It is interior, and be connected between centre tooth wheel seat by bearing;Central gear is arranged symmetrically in before and after described front gear, backgear Both sides, the side of disk of being at the front is fixedly mounted by screw in described front gear, and described backgear passes through screw and fixes peace Mounted in the side of rear drum;Described apical tooth wheel is located at the surface of central gear, and is fixedly mounted on top line disk by screw Side;Described central gear between driving gear by way of external toothing with being connected, described front gear, rear tooth Wheel, apical tooth wheel between central gear by way of external toothing with being connected;
Described preceding drum is fixedly mounted in the preceding drum seat of support frame, after described rear drum is fixedly mounted on support frame In drum seat, described top line disk is fixedly mounted in the top line disk seat of support frame;Described preceding drum, described rear drum and The axis of described top line disk is in horizontally disposed, and cable is wound with the disk that is at the front, rear drum and top line disk;
Described draw-gear includes traction electric machine, contact roller, traction wheel, regulator and towing tank, wherein, described traction The side of case is fixedly connected with by screw and hitch frame, and described traction electric machine is fixedly mounted on the another of towing tank by screw Side, and two screwed holes being arranged symmetrically are provided with the top of described towing tank, in the both sides upper end of described towing tank also Provided with two long waist shaped being arranged symmetrically holes;Described contact roller includes compressing wheel shaft and compresses wheel body, described compression wheel body It is connected between compression wheel shaft by bearing, three annular cable troughs is provided with described compression wheel body, in described pressure The both ends head of bearing up pulley axle is equipped with guide surface, and the both ends of described compression wheel shaft are placed in the long waist shaped hole of towing tank, and Compress and a prismatic pair is formed between the guide surface at both ends of wheel shaft and the long waist shaped hole of towing tank;Described traction wheel includes Wheel shaft and traction wheel body are drawn, three annular cable troughs, described traction wheel body and traction are provided with described traction wheel body Wheel shaft is fixedly connected with, and the both ends of described traction wheel shaft are connected by bearing with towing tank, and draws one end and the traction of wheel shaft Motor is connected by lock-screw;Described regulator includes screw press, look nut, pressure spring and pressure-regulating sleeve Ring, the described pressure regulation collar have two, and are set in the both ends for compressing wheel shaft, the lower end of described screw press and pressure regulation The collar is connected by hinge, and the middle part of screw press is connected with the screwed hole of towing tank by screw thread, described pressure regulation bullet Spring is sleeved on the upper end of screw press, and described look nut is located at the top of screw press and passes through screw thread phase with screw press Connection.
2. the electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described preceding drum, Described rear drum is identical with the structure of described top line disk;
Described preceding drum includes preceding wire coil shaft, supporting wheel hub, radial direction tensioning apparatus, radial direction guide rod and cable disc, described branch Support wheel hub installation is at the front in dish axle, and is connected between preceding wire coil shaft by bearing, at the both ends of described preceding wire coil shaft Spacing breach is additionally provided with, radially-directed set and axially directed set are provided with the middle part of described supporting wheel hub;Described radial guiding The outboard end of bar is connected with radial direction tensioning apparatus by screw thread, and the medial extremity of described radial direction guide rod is arranged on supporting wheel hub In radially-directed set and sliding can be covered along radially-directed;Described radial direction tensioning apparatus is located in cable disc and along diameter side To tension cable disk;
Described radial direction tensioning apparatus includes left sliding sleeve, right sliding sleeve, tension link, arc tensioning block, double end adjusting screw rod, left-handed Nut and right-handed nut, described left sliding sleeve, right sliding sleeve are sleeved on supporting wheel hub and pass through spline between supporting wheel hub It is connected;The outboard end of described tension link is connected with arc tensioning block by hinge, medial extremity and the left side of tension link Sliding sleeve or right sliding sleeve are connected by hinge;Described arc tensioning block has three, and described radial direction guide rod has three groups, and totally six Individual, described tension link has two groups, totally six;The inner side of described arc tensioning block passes through spiral shell with the outboard end of radial direction guide rod Line is connected;Described left-handed nut is connected with left sliding sleeve, and described right-handed nut is connected with right sliding sleeve;Described double end regulation The middle part of screw rod is arranged in axially directed set, and left end and the left-handed nut of described double end adjusting screw rod pass through left hand thread phase Connection, the right-hand member of described double end adjusting screw rod are connected with right-handed nut by right-handed thread.
3. the electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described decelerator is Worm type of reduction gearing.
4. the electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device of one kind according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described traction electric machine For platypelloid type reducing motor.
5. the electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device of one kind according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:In described cable disc A side shield be provided with for fixed cable bolt string holes;Gear is provided with the outer of another side shield of cable disc to connect Plate, and the side shield of gear connecting plate and cable disc is fixedly connected with by rivet, described gear connecting plate passes through spiral shell with front gear Nail is connected.
CN201720522737.9U 2017-05-11 2017-05-11 A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device Withdrawn - After Issue CN206705416U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106986240A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-28 安徽理工大学 A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device
CN108454890A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-08-28 中国科学院国家空间科学中心 A kind of satellite flexible boom synchronous release device
CN109693388A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-04-30 廊坊华宇天创能源设备有限公司 A kind of pipe insulation connector extrusion welding gun welding wire self-feeding dust guard
CN112938645A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-11 江苏苏缆电缆有限公司 Wire and cable cutting machine with receive material structure

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106986240A (en) * 2017-05-11 2017-07-28 安徽理工大学 A kind of electronic three tunnels synchronization take-up and pay-off device
CN108454890A (en) * 2018-02-01 2018-08-28 中国科学院国家空间科学中心 A kind of satellite flexible boom synchronous release device
CN108454890B (en) * 2018-02-01 2020-08-04 中国科学院国家空间科学中心 Synchronous release device for satellite soft stretching rod
CN109693388A (en) * 2019-02-15 2019-04-30 廊坊华宇天创能源设备有限公司 A kind of pipe insulation connector extrusion welding gun welding wire self-feeding dust guard
CN112938645A (en) * 2021-03-05 2021-06-11 江苏苏缆电缆有限公司 Wire and cable cutting machine with receive material structure

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