CN206643356U - A kind of SLM3D printers - Google Patents

A kind of SLM3D printers Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206643356U
CN206643356U CN201720409391.1U CN201720409391U CN206643356U CN 206643356 U CN206643356 U CN 206643356U CN 201720409391 U CN201720409391 U CN 201720409391U CN 206643356 U CN206643356 U CN 206643356U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
forming room
control system
slm
computer control
laser
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720409391.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邹泽华
黄进骏
覃可智
邓惠文
邹镅钫
李晓东
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Guangxi Fullerton Technology LLC
Original Assignee
Guangxi Fullerton Technology LLC
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Guangxi Fullerton Technology LLC filed Critical Guangxi Fullerton Technology LLC
Priority to CN201720409391.1U priority Critical patent/CN206643356U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206643356U publication Critical patent/CN206643356U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P10/00Technologies related to metal processing
    • Y02P10/25Process efficiency

Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of SLM 3D printers; including printer box, controlling machine box and computer control system; the computer control system connecting laser; light beam isolator is provided with the left of the laser; beam expanding lens is provided with the left of the light beam isolator; galvanometer is provided with the left of the beam expanding lens; the downside forming room of the protective glass; lower end among forming room is provided with formation cylinder; it is provided with formation cylinder piston in formation cylinder, the lower end at left and right sides of forming room is provided with powder feeding cylinder.This 3D printer saves material, clean environment firendly;Without rejecting leftover pieces, the utilization rate of material is improved, cost is reduced by abandoning production line;Higher precision and very high complexity can be accomplished, it is possible to produce using conventional method do not manufacture come, extremely complex product;Traditional cutter, fixture, lathe or any mould are not needed, just can be directly the three-dimensional CAD graphic hotsopt products in kind of any shape of computer.

Description

A kind of SLM 3D printers
Technical field
A kind of 3D printer is the utility model is related to, specifically a kind of SLM 3D printers.
Background technology
3D printer (3D Printers) referred to as (3DP) is the one of entitled En Likedini inventor's design The magical printer of kind, it " can not only print " building and completely build, it might even be possible to be beaten in spaceship to astronaut Print the shape of any required article.3D printer is also known as three-dimensional printer (3DP), is a kind of accumulation manufacturing technology, i.e., quick A kind of machine of forming technique, based on it is a kind of mathematical model file, with special wax material, powdery metal or plastics etc. Can jointing material, pass through printing jointing material from level to level to manufacture the object of three-dimensional.Three-dimensional printer is used to make at this stage Make product.The mode successively printed carrys out the technology of constructed object.The principle of 3D printer is that data and raw material are put into 3D printing In machine, machine can from level to level be created product according to program.
Existing 3D printer design is simple, and not environmentally, the printing deadline is longer, is unsuitable for mass producing.Therefore, Those skilled in the art provide a kind of SLM 3D printers, to solve the problems mentioned in the above background technology.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of SLM 3D printers, asked with solve to propose in above-mentioned background technology Topic.
To achieve the above object, the utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of SLM 3D printers, including printer box, controlling machine box and computer control system, the computer control The lower end of system is provided with computer base, and the printer box is arranged on the left side of controlling machine box, the printer box and control The lower end of cabinet processed is provided with firm banking, the computer control system connecting laser, and the left side of the laser is set There is light beam isolator, beam expanding lens is provided with the left of the light beam isolator, galvanometer is provided with the left of the beam expanding lens, it is described The lower end of galvanometer is provided with protective glass, the downside forming room of the protective glass, and protection gas dress is provided with the left of the forming room Put, be provided with dust clarifier on the right side of the forming room, the lower end among the forming room is provided with formation cylinder, the shaping It is provided with formation cylinder piston in cylinder, the upper end of the formation cylinder piston is provided with substrate, the lower end at left and right sides of the forming room Powder feeding cylinder is provided with, powder feeding cylinder piston is provided with the powder feeding cylinder, the upper end of the powder feeding cylinder piston is provided with powder original Expect, the downside inside the forming room is provided with powder-laying roller.
As further program of the utility model:The lower end of the computer base is provided with universal wheel.
As the utility model further scheme:Tool box is provided with the computer base.
As the utility model further scheme:The computer control system electrically connects with controlling machine box.
As the utility model further scheme:The laser is arranged to optical fiber laser.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
This 3D printer saves material, clean environment firendly;Without rejecting leftover pieces, the utilization rate of material is improved, by getting rid of Abandon production line and reduce cost;Higher precision and very high complexity can be accomplished, it is possible to produce using conventional method Product come, extremely complex is not manufactured;Traditional cutter, fixture, lathe or any mould are not needed, just can be directly meter The three-dimensional CAD graphic hotsopt products in kind of any shape of calculation machine;Without manufacturing shop concentrate, fixed, there is distribution The characteristics of production;Can be in a few hours internal shaping, it allows designer and developer realizes leap from plan to entity; It can print the product assembled, and therefore, it significantly reduces assembly cost, it might even be possible to challenge large-scale production side Formula.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of SLM 3D printers.
Fig. 2 is the printer box structural representation of SLM 3D printers.
In figure:1- computer control systems, 2- lasers, 3- light beams isolator, 4- beam expanding lens, 5- galvanometers, 6- protective glasses, 7- forming room, 8- protections device of air, 9- powder-laying rollers, 10- powder feeding cylinders, 11- powder feeding cylinders piston, 12- firm bankings, 13- metal powders End, 14- formation cylinders piston, 15- substrates, 16- dust clarifiers, 17- formation cylinders, 18- printer box, 19- controlling machine box, 20- Computer base.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the utility model is carried out Clearly and completely describing, it is clear that described embodiment is only the utility model part of the embodiment, rather than whole Embodiment.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, those of ordinary skill in the art are not under the premise of creative work is made The every other embodiment obtained, belong to the scope of the utility model protection.
Refer to Fig. 1 and Fig. 2, in the utility model embodiment, a kind of SLM 3D printers, including printer box 18, control Cabinet 19 processed and computer control system 1, the lower end of the computer control system 1 is provided with computer base 20, described to beat Print cabinet 18 is arranged on the left sides of controlling machine box 19, and the lower end of the printer box 18 and controlling machine box 19 is provided with firm banking 12, the connecting laser 2 of computer control system 1, the left side of the laser 2 is provided with light beam isolator 3, the light beam The left side of isolator 3 is provided with beam expanding lens 4, and the left side of the beam expanding lens 4 is provided with galvanometer 5, and the lower end of the galvanometer 5 is provided with Protective glass 6, the downside forming room 7 of the protective glass 6, the left side of the forming room 7 are provided with protection device of air 8, the shaping The right side of room 7 is provided with dust clarifier 16, and the lower end of the centre of forming room 7 is provided with formation cylinder 17, the formation cylinder 17 Formation cylinder piston 14 is inside provided with, the upper end of the formation cylinder piston 14 is provided with substrate 15, the left and right sides of forming room 7 Lower end is provided with powder feeding cylinder 10, and powder feeding cylinder piston 11, the upper end of the powder feeding cylinder piston 11 are provided with the powder feeding cylinder 10 It is provided with powder stock 13, the downside inside the forming room 7 is provided with powder-laying roller 9.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:
A kind of SLM 3D printers are the utility model is related to, this 3D printer is carried out using selective laser fusing metal technology Quick-forming, it is raw by computer control system 1 on the basis of the outline data of existing 3D model slices data during work Into filling scanning pattern, equipment will use the gold of each layer of laser beam selective melting according to these filling scan lines, control laser 2 Belong to dusty material, be progressively stacked into 3-dimensional metal part.Before laser beam starts scanning, powder-laying roller 9 is first the horizontal sliding of metal dust 13 Onto the substrate 15 of moulding cylinder 17, laser beam is again by the powder on the filling contour line selective melting substrate 15 of current layer, processing Go out current layer, then moulding cylinder 17 declines the distance of a thickness, and powder feeding cylinder piston 11 rises certain thickness distance, powder-laying roller 9 complete metal dust on manufactured current layer again.The data that computer control system 1 calls in next layer of profile are added Work, so process layer by layer, until whole part completion of processing.Whole process is entered in the forming room 7 for being connected with protective gas OK, to avoid metal from being reacted at high temperature with other gases.
The utility model designs advantages of simple in structure, uses easy to operate, and practicality is very high, and this 3D is beaten Print machine carries out Quick-forming using selective laser fusing metal technology, during work, by computer control system in existing 3D On the basis of the outline data of model slice data, generation filling scanning pattern, equipment will swash according to these filling scan lines, control Light device uses the metal powder material of each layer of laser beam selective melting, is progressively stacked into 3-dimensional metal part.Laser beam starts to sweep Before retouching, for powder-laying roller first on the substrate metal dust horizontal sliding to moulding cylinder, laser beam presses the filling contour line constituency of current layer again The powder on substrate is melted, processes current layer, then moulding cylinder declines the distance of a thickness, and powder feeding cylinder piston rises certain The distance of thickness, powder-laying roller complete metal dust on manufactured current layer again.Computer control system calls in next layer The data of profile are processed, and are so processed layer by layer, until whole part completion of processing.Whole process is being connected with protection gas Carried out in the forming room of body, to avoid metal from being reacted at high temperature with other gases.This 3D printer saves material, cleaning Environmental protection.Without rejecting leftover pieces, the utilization rate of material is improved, cost is reduced by abandoning production line;It can accomplish higher Precision and very high complexity, it is possible to produce using conventional method do not manufacture come, extremely complex product;It is not required to Traditional cutter, fixture, lathe or any mould are wanted, just can be directly the three-dimensional CAD graphic hotsopt of any shape of computer Products in kind;Without manufacturing shop concentrate, fixed, there is the characteristics of distributed production;Can be in a few hours internal shaping, it allows Designer and developer realize the leap from plan to entity;It can print the product assembled, therefore, its pole The earth reduces assembly cost, it might even be possible to challenges mass production method.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and And in the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the present utility model, it can realize that this practicality is new in other specific forms Type.Therefore, no matter from the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and is nonrestrictive, this practicality is new The scope of type limits by appended claims rather than described above, it is intended that the equivalency fallen in claim is contained All changes in justice and scope are included in the utility model.Any reference in claim should not be considered as limitation Involved claim.
Moreover, it will be appreciated that although the present specification is described in terms of embodiments, not each embodiment is only wrapped Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of specification is only that those skilled in the art should for clarity Using specification as an entirety, the technical solutions in the various embodiments may also be suitably combined, forms those skilled in the art It is appreciated that other embodiment.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of SLM 3D printers, including printer box (18), controlling machine box (19) and computer control system (1), it is special Sign is that the lower end of the computer control system (1) is provided with computer base (20), and the printer box (18) is arranged on The lower end of the left side of controlling machine box (19), the printer box (18) and controlling machine box (19) is provided with firm banking (12), institute Computer control system (1) connecting laser (2) is stated, light beam isolator (3) is provided with the left of the laser (2), it is described Beam expanding lens (4) is provided with the left of light beam isolator (3), galvanometer (5), the galvanometer are provided with the left of the beam expanding lens (4) (5) lower end is provided with protective glass (6), the downside forming room (7) of the protective glass (6), and the left side of the forming room (7) is set There is protection device of air (8), dust clarifier (16) is provided with the right side of the forming room (7), under the forming room (7) is middle End is provided with formation cylinder (17), and formation cylinder piston (14) is provided with the formation cylinder (17), the formation cylinder piston (14) Upper end is provided with substrate (15), and the lower end at left and right sides of the forming room (7) is provided with powder feeding cylinder (10), the powder feeding cylinder (10) be provided with powder feeding cylinder piston (11) in, the upper end of the powder feeding cylinder piston (11) is provided with powder stock (13), it is described into The internal downside in type room (7) is provided with powder-laying roller (9).
2. SLM 3D printers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the lower end of the computer base (20) is set There is universal wheel.
3. SLM 3D printers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with work on the computer base (20) Has case.
4. SLM 3D printers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the computer control system (1) and control Cabinet (19) electrically connects.
5. SLM 3D printers according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the laser (2) is arranged to optical-fiber laser Device.
CN201720409391.1U 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of SLM3D printers Expired - Fee Related CN206643356U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720409391.1U CN206643356U (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of SLM3D printers

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720409391.1U CN206643356U (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of SLM3D printers

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206643356U true CN206643356U (en) 2017-11-17

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720409391.1U Expired - Fee Related CN206643356U (en) 2017-04-17 2017-04-17 A kind of SLM3D printers

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206643356U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108296485A (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-07-20 苏州星如雨电子科技有限公司 A kind of metal 3D printing equipment powder retrieving pipe road device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108296485A (en) * 2018-02-23 2018-07-20 苏州星如雨电子科技有限公司 A kind of metal 3D printing equipment powder retrieving pipe road device

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Granted publication date: 20171117