CN206606892U - Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator - Google Patents

Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206606892U
CN206606892U CN201720052752.1U CN201720052752U CN206606892U CN 206606892 U CN206606892 U CN 206606892U CN 201720052752 U CN201720052752 U CN 201720052752U CN 206606892 U CN206606892 U CN 206606892U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
elevator
pushing
post
pushing post
lift
Prior art date
Application number
CN201720052752.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高海波
贾郑铭
邱文尧
李琪凡
Original Assignee
武汉理工大学
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Application filed by 武汉理工大学 filed Critical 武汉理工大学
Priority to CN201720052752.1U priority Critical patent/CN206606892U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206606892U publication Critical patent/CN206606892U/en

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of spiral push mode vertical lift elevator, including lift car, screw rod thrustor, motor and transmission device;Four spiral support posts that the screw rod thrustor includes being vertically fixed in elevator, it is fixedly installed on four of lift car bottom corner upper pushing posts, and the totally four lower pushing posts being threaded on each spiral support post;Each spiral support post runs through upper pushing post and lift car from one jiao of lift car respectively;The upper end of the lower pushing post is flexibly connected with the lower end of upper pushing post, and can be rotated relative to upper pushing post;The motor is arranged on the bottom of lift car, drives each lower pushing post synchronous rotary by transmission device, makes lower pushing post along spiral support post upper and lower displacement, drive lift car to lift with this.The elevator can be manned, also can loading, safe and stable, in being particularly suitable for, low-rise building installs and uses.

Description

Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator

Technical field

The utility model is related to a kind of elevator, particularly relates to a kind of spiral push mode vertical lift elevator.

Background technology

With the development of modern architecture, the use of elevator is more and more extensive, it has also become essential work in people's life Tool, the security performance of elevator has also obtained most attention.

Existing elevator carries elevator weight by steel wire rope, easily occurs abrasion and is broken.In elevator accident, elevator car The accident that railway carriage or compartment wire cable rupture causes lift car to drop happens occasionally, because such accident occurs suddenly without predictability, And injure very big, and existing device for preventing elevator from falling is complicated, elevator brake effect is preferable not enough, and security needs Further improve.

The U of patent document CN 201713185 disclose a kind of assembling structure of drive screw elevator, including lift car, Driving motor, transmission nut and drive screw, the drive screw are arranged on the bottom of the lift car, the drive screw Coordinate with the transmission nut, the driving motor drives the transmission nut to rotate by machine shaft or belt pulley, then band The dynamic drive screw moves up and down, and then drives the lift car to move up and down.The assembling structure of the drive screw elevator Simply, cost is advantageously reduced.It is disadvantageous in that:Only supported by drive screw and be driven, transmission efficiency and stably Property it is poor, security improve it is limited;Drive screw moves up and down jointly with lift car, when elevator is in extreme lower position, transmission Screw rod is predominantly located in below ground, it is necessary to which the missile silo suitable with drive screw length is dug out in elevator bottom, to avoid Drive screw is also needed to install water plug additional by underground water corrosive attack, adds difficulty of construction and cost.

The content of the invention

The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of stability good, safe spiral push mode vertical lift electricity Ladder.

To achieve the above object, the spiral push mode vertical lift elevator designed by the utility model, installed in elevator Interior, the elevator includes lift car, screw rod thrustor, motor and transmission device;The screw rod thrustor includes vertical Four spiral support posts being fixed in elevator, four upper pushing posts for being fixedly installed on lift car bottom corner, and Be threaded on each spiral support post and formed screw pair totally four lower pushing posts;Each spiral support post point Not from lift car, one jiao runs through upper pushing post and lift car, and its external screw thread is not contacted with upper pushing post, lift car;It is described The upper end of lower pushing post is flexibly connected with the lower end of upper pushing post, and can be rotated relative to upper pushing post;The motor is installed In the bottom of lift car, each lower pushing post synchronous rotary is driven by transmission device, makes lower pushing post along along spiral support post Bottom offset, drives lift car to lift with this.

Preferably, the transmission device is the gear being arranged between four lower pushing posts, and the gear is arranged on electronic In machine rotating shaft, the gear teeth and the gear teeth intermeshing being arranged on the outside of each lower pushing post on the outside of it, the gear is in motor It is rotated by and drives each lower pushing post synchronous rotary.

Preferably, the bottom of the upper pushing post, the top of the lower pushing post are accordingly surrounded with up and down respectively Multiple semi-spherical grooves, accordingly set a steel ball ball up and down between two semi-spherical grooves, by steel ball ball reduce upper pushing post, The frictional force that lower pushing post is rotated against, forms the structure of similar thrust bearing.

Preferably, the lower periphery of the upper pushing post is provided with a downward guard rail of circle, and the guard rail is by upper pushing tow In gap between post, lower pushing post is enclosed in.

Preferably, the elevator is additionally provided with self-operated measuring unit, high from shaft bottom for monitoring the cab speed of service and cab Degree.

Preferably, it is provided with car floor buffer unit on the bottom plate of the lift car.Preferably, the elevator Bottom is provided with shaft bottom spring bumper.The car floor buffer unit is supported the use with shaft bottom spring bumper, is The accidents such as pre- fall arrest and set.

The beneficial effects of the utility model are:The spiral push mode vertical lift elevator controls car using screw drive Rise and fall, substantially increase the security of car, are not in the wire cable rupture accident of traditional elevator;Using screw rod (spiral support post) is fixed, the kind of drive of nut (lower pushing post) rotation, without setting extra screw rod in elevator bottom Installing space;Four spiral support posts are set in the corner of lift car, screw driven stability is improved;The elevator can be carried People, also can loading, safe and stable, in being particularly suitable for, low-rise building installs and uses.

Brief description of the drawings

Fig. 1 is the overall vertical section structural map of the push mode vertical lift elevator designed by the utility model.

The structural representation that Fig. 2 engages for center tooth wheel disc in Fig. 1 with lower pushing post.

Fig. 3 is the structural representation of spiral support post (part) in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4 is upper pushing post, the structural representation of lower pushing post junction in Fig. 1.

Fig. 5 is the overlooking the structure diagram of lower pushing post in Fig. 1.

Wherein:Central integrated control device 1, layer door 2, artificial operation and interactive device 3, self-operated measuring unit 4, motor 5th, steel ball ball 6, gear 7, spiral support post 8, elevator 9, lift car 10, car floor buffer unit 11, upper pushing post 12, Lower pushing post 13, motor rotary shaft 14, the borehole wall 15, shaft bottom spring bumper 16, hole 17, guard rail 18, hole clipping 19, hemisphere Shape groove 20

Embodiment

The utility model is described in further detail with specific embodiment below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.

As shown in Fig. 1~5, the spiral push mode vertical lift elevator designed by the utility model, installed in elevator 9 It is interior, including four spiral support posts 8, lift car 10, thrustor, motor 5, center tooth wheel disc 7, self-operated measuring unit 4, Artificial operation and interactive device 3, car floor buffer unit 11, shaft bottom spring bumper 16, central integrated control device 1 Deng.Elevator 9 includes the borehole wall 15 and is arranged on multiple layers of door 2 of the side of the borehole wall 6.

Screw rod thrustor includes spiral support post 8 and thrustor.Four spiral support posts 8 are respectively provided at elevator 9 Four angles, top and bottom are fixed, and through lift car 10, the surface of spiral support post 8 is provided with the spiral shell of appropriate depth Line.The manhole that aperture is more than the external thread diameter of spiral support post 8 is provided with 10 4 angles of lift car, by spiral support post Run through, the inwall of lift car 10 is provided with artificial operation and interactive device 3.Thrustor includes upper pushing post 12, steel ball ball 6 With lower pushing post 13, upper pushing post 12 is provided with the manhole that aperture is more than the external thread diameter of spiral support post 8, by spiral support Post 8 runs through.The top of upper pushing post 12 is welded with the bottom of lift car 10, hemispherical of its underpart provided with a circle suitable number Groove 20, provided with the guard rail 18 that a circle is downward around it.Lower pushing post 13 is provided be engaged with the external screw thread of spiral support post 8 in Tapped through hole, the top of lower pushing post 13 is enclosed outside the semi-spherical grooves 20 corresponding with upper pushing post 12, lower pushing post 13 provided with one Surface is toothed around.

Motor 5 is installed at the lower central of lift car 10, and center tooth wheel disc 7 passes through the hole clipping that is disposed therein at the heart 19 is affixed with motor rotary shaft 14, and center tooth wheel disc 7 is meshed with the gear teeth of lower pushing post 13, in the rotation of motor rotary shaft 14 It is lower to rotate and drive lower pushing post 13 to rotate, so as to control the rise and fall of lift car 10.The hole clipping 19 of center tooth wheel disc 7 Surrounding is provided with some holes 17.

Self-operated measuring unit 4 will constantly measure the cab speed of service and cab when elevator is run from elevator bottom level Etc. related data information, and send central integrated control device 1 to.Artificial operation can be for personnel selection building with interactive device 3 Layer, switching layer door 2, dial the functions such as rescuing telephone and man-machine interaction during emergency.Car floor buffer unit 11 and shaft bottom Spring bumper 16 is supported the use, and is set for accidents such as pre- fall arrests, and the other devices of central integrated control device 1 are mutually connected Connect, and it is controlled.

Operation principle of the present utility model is:Center tooth wheel disc 7 is rotated with motor rotary shaft 14, drives lower 13 turns of pushing post It is dynamic, so as to control the rise and fall of lift car 10.In the process of running, lower pushing post 13 turning with motor rotary shaft 14 Move and rotate, so that spiral.For the upper pushing post 12 of reduction and the friction of lower pushing post 13, respectively set suitably in the two contact surface The semi-spherical grooves 20 of quantity, between place steel ball ball 6.The guard rail 18 around pushing post 12 is located to prevent during braking suddenly Steel ball ball 6 is jumped out.

As shown in Fig. 2 the center of center tooth wheel disc 7, which is provided with around hole clipping, hole clipping, is provided with some holes 17.Center tooth wheel disc 7 is affixed by hole clipping and motor rotary shaft 14, and the purpose of hole 17 is that the weight of center tooth wheel disc 7, reduction electricity can be mitigated Engine load.

As shown in figure 4, the depth X for being located at pushing post 12 and the semi-spherical grooves 20 on lower pushing post 13 is slightly less than steel ball ball 6 radius R, friction is produced to avoid the direct contact of upper pushing post 12 and lower pushing post 13.In addition, to reduce friction, carrying The high elevator life-span, in elevator before use, each has the position contacted with each other to be both needed to smear enough lubricating oil, such as spiral support Post, upper and lower pushing post through-hole surfaces, steel ball ball 6 etc..

For safety, operationally, self-operated measuring unit 4 will constantly be measured when elevator is run the cab speed of service and Cab is from elevator bottom height dependent data information transmission to central integrated control device 1, and central integrated control device 1 is received Accident hazard is according to circumstances determined whether after signal.If accident hazard, then central integrated control device 1 will give car bottom Plate buffer unit 11, shaft bottom spring bumper 16 and artificial operation send signal with interactive device 3, manually operate with interacting dress Put 3 startup alarm mechanisms and dial rescuing telephone, car floor buffer unit 11, shaft bottom spring bumper 16 are supported the use, Car floor buffer unit 11 will bounce up out a material for being similar to air bag, and bottom spring bumper 16 is according to letter Number situation starts the buffer unit of corresponding stage, soft landing is realized when cab reaches well head bottom, so that reaching to protect Protect the purpose of passenger survival and cargo security.

Claims (6)

1. a kind of spiral push mode vertical lift elevator, in elevator (9), it is characterised in that:The elevator includes elevator Car (10), screw rod thrustor, motor (5) and transmission device;
The screw rod thrustor include be vertically fixed in elevator (9) four spiral support posts (8), be fixedly installed on electricity Four of terraced car (10) bottom corner upper pushing posts (12), and be threaded on each spiral support post (8) and with its shape Into totally four lower pushing posts (13) of screw pair;
Each spiral support post (8) runs through upper pushing post (12) and lift car (10) from (10) one jiaos of lift car respectively; The upper end of the lower pushing post (13) is flexibly connected with the lower end of upper pushing post (12), and can be revolved relative to upper pushing post (12) Turn;
The motor (5) is arranged on the bottom of lift car (10), drives each lower pushing post (13) synchronous by transmission device Rotation, makes lower pushing post (13) along spiral support post (8) upper and lower displacement, drives lift car (10) to lift with this;
The transmission device is the center tooth wheel disc (7) being arranged between four lower pushing posts (13), the center tooth wheel disc (7) On motor rotary shaft (14), the gear teeth on the outside of it and the gear teeth being arranged on the outside of each lower pushing post (13) are intermeshed, The center tooth wheel disc (7) is rotated by motor (5) and drives each lower pushing post (13) synchronous rotary.
2. spiral push mode vertical lift elevator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The upper pushing post (12) Bottom, the top of the lower pushing post (13) are accordingly surrounded with multiple semi-spherical grooves (20) up and down respectively, correspond to up and down One steel ball ball (6) is set between two, ground semi-spherical grooves (20), passes through pushing post (12), lower pushing tow in steel ball ball (6) reduction The frictional force that post (13) is rotated against.
3. spiral push mode vertical lift elevator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The upper pushing post (12) Lower periphery provided with a downward guard rail (18) of circle, the guard rail (18) by upper pushing post (12), lower pushing post (13) it Between gap be enclosed in.
4. spiral push mode vertical lift elevator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The elevator is additionally provided with automatically Measurement apparatus (4), for monitoring the cab speed of service and cab from shaft bottom height.
5. spiral push mode vertical lift elevator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The lift car (10) Car floor buffer unit (11) is provided with bottom plate.
6. spiral push mode vertical lift elevator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bottom of the elevator (9) Portion is provided with shaft bottom spring bumper (16).
CN201720052752.1U 2017-01-16 2017-01-16 Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator CN206606892U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720052752.1U CN206606892U (en) 2017-01-16 2017-01-16 Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720052752.1U CN206606892U (en) 2017-01-16 2017-01-16 Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206606892U true CN206606892U (en) 2017-11-03

Family

ID=60171161

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201720052752.1U CN206606892U (en) 2017-01-16 2017-01-16 Spiral push mode vertical lift elevator

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN206606892U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109748177A (en) * 2017-11-08 2019-05-14 马庆 Helical orbit elevator

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109748177A (en) * 2017-11-08 2019-05-14 马庆 Helical orbit elevator

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20171103

Termination date: 20190116

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee