CN206484730U - A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator - Google Patents

A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206484730U
CN206484730U CN201720081488.4U CN201720081488U CN206484730U CN 206484730 U CN206484730 U CN 206484730U CN 201720081488 U CN201720081488 U CN 201720081488U CN 206484730 U CN206484730 U CN 206484730U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
planetary
blade
center
diameter
upright
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720081488.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈世斌
许诺琪
朱静芝
段晓飞
张伟社
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Changan University
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Changan University
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Publication date
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Priority to CN201720081488.4U priority Critical patent/CN206484730U/en
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Publication of CN206484730U publication Critical patent/CN206484730U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator, including do the center bolt, multiple planetary-screws for doing planetary motion, dynamic scraper plate, epicyclic gearing and the drive device for doing fixed-axis rotation of fixed-axis rotation;It is provided with center bolt on center vane, planetary-screw and is provided with planetary blade, center vane and planetary blade is the spiral of reducing, varying pitch;The agitating device is a kind of vertical stirring device, the principles such as its integrated spiral conveying, planetary motion, gravity, compound is in the presence of center bolt, planetary-screw, deadweight and dynamic scraper plate, compound is from top to bottom, again while big motion cycle from top to bottom, the compound in material also form many small motion cycles.Mixing inefficient zone can be effectively reduced, stirring efficiency and quality is improved, is adapted to the materials such as concrete mixing occasion.

Description

A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator
【Technical field】
The utility model belongs to mechanical engineering field, is related to a kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator.
【Background technology】
Reducing varying pitch formula planet stirring device using many spirals and planetary motion agitating mode, can make concrete or other Mixture is sufficiently mixed in a short time, reaches the quality requirement of material mixing.
Current various types of blade of stirrer form immobilizations, stirring efficiency are low, mixing inefficient zone is larger, great shadow Concrete mixing quality and production efficiency are rung.A kind of reducing varying pitch formula planet stirring device is proposed for this, it is multiple to do row The reducing varying pitch agitating screw that the dynamic reducing varying pitch agitating screw of luck does fixed-axis rotation with one is constituted together with container Agitator, the spiral shell footpath of agitating screw, pitch stepped change, makes material in whipping process realize variable motion, so that material is transported Dynamic state produces a variety of changes and reaches quick well-mixed purpose.
【Utility model content】
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the shortcoming of above-mentioned prior art, and there is provided a kind of vertical row of reducing variable-pitch propeller Star mixer, its stirring vane is the spiral of reducing varying pitch, is driven by epicyclic gearing, is a kind of vertical stirring device, The principles such as its integrated spiral conveying, planetary motion, material gravity, can effectively reduce mixing inefficient zone, improve stirring efficiency and matter Amount, is adapted to the materials such as concrete mixing occasion.
To reach above-mentioned purpose, the utility model is achieved using following technical scheme:
A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator, including cylinder, be arranged at the motor on cylinder top and set The epicyclic gearing being placed in cylinder and some screw rods;Cylinder top offers charging aperture, and bottom opens up discharging opening;Motor It is connected by decelerator with epicyclic gearing;Screw rod includes a center bolt and some planetary-screws, center bolt and row The sun gear of star gear device is connected, and the planetary gear of planetary-screw and epicyclic gearing is connected.
The utility model, which is further improved, to be:
Fixture is also equipped with the planet carrier of epicyclic gearing, scraper plate is moved and is connected by scraper shaft and fixture.
The internal gear of epicyclic gearing is fixed, its number of teeth z3=80~120;Sun gear active, its number of teeth z1=18~ 25, rotating speed is n1;Planet carrier is driven, and its rotating speed is nH=0.12n1~0.26n1, turn to and n1It is identical;Tooth number of star z2=35~ 50, rotation rotating speed is 0.2n1~0.88n1, turn to and n1On the contrary, revolution rotating speed is 0.12n1~0.26n1, turn to and n1It is identical.
Closure is provided with the top of epicyclic gearing, and closure is bolted.
The internal gear of epicyclic gearing is connected with connecting plate by bolt, and connecting plate is fixedly mounted on cylinder by support plate Inwall on.
The end of fixture is provided with adapter sleeve, and scraper shaft is sheathed in adapter sleeve.
Center bolt and planetary-screw are connected by ring flange and sun gear and planetary gear.
Diameter increases center vane from top to bottom, pressesLeaf centered on rule change, wherein D and d difference The axial length of blade centered on the big end of piece and end diameter, L, x represents the axial distance from the big end of center vane, and y represents axle To the diameter of the blade at x;Center vane outside diameter D=200mm~350mm, center vane end diameter d=150mm ~0mm, axial length L=450mm~1000mm of center vane;
The diameter of planetary blade is pressedRule changes, wherein D and d be respectively the big end of planetary blade with it is small Diameter is held, L is the axial length of planetary blade, and x represents the axial distance from planetary blade small end, and y represents to go at axial distance x The diameter of asterophyllite piece;Planetary blade outside diameter D=150mm~0mm, planetary blade end diameter d=100mm~200mm, OK Axial length L=400mm~950mm of asterophyllite piece;
The pitch of center bolt and planetary-screw is pressed:Rule changes, wherein R0 For initial pitch, RmFor end pitch, i is spiral number of turns when pitch is R, imFor total spiral number of turns.
Center bolt includes central shaft and the center vane being sheathed on central shaft.
Planetary-screw includes planet stirring axle and the planetary blade being sheathed on planet stirring axle.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the advantages that:
The utility model includes doing the center bolt of fixed-axis rotation, multiple planetary-screws for doing planetary motion, does dead axle turn Dynamic dynamic scraper plate, epicyclic gearing.Stirring vane on center bolt, planetary-screw uses reducing varying pitch form, OK Sun gear in star gear device drives center bolt to rotate, and multiple planetary gears drive the not only rotation but also public of multiple planetary-screws Turn, planet carrier drives dynamic scraper plate to rotate.The stirring vane rotation direction difference of center bolt, planetary-screw, rotating speed is different, diameter and spiral shell Away from difference, compound is in the presence of deadweight with dynamic scraper plate, and compound is from top to bottom, then big motion cycle from top to bottom Meanwhile, the compound in material also form many small motion cycles, realize efficient mix, and the compound being stirred is from following Discharge port released by deadweight, mixer top side is provided with charging door.The utility model stirring efficiency is high, mixing inefficient zone Small, mixing quality is high;It is adapted to the mixing of various materials;Not only loading and unloading is convenient for the utility model, use cost is low, and And it is easy to manufacture, cost is relatively low.
【Brief description of the drawings】
Fig. 1 is overall structure diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is screw-rod structure schematic diagram of the present utility model;Wherein screw rod centered on (a);(b) it is planetary-screw;
Fig. 3 is agitating device operation principle schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is stirring material movement schematic diagram of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is epicyclic gearing principle schematic of the present utility model.
【Embodiment】
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Referring to Fig. 1, cylinder 16, cylinder 16 and charging are provided with the utility model reducing varying pitch formula planet stirring device Mouth 9 is connected, and cylinder 16 is connected with discharging opening 17, and motor 1 is connected with decelerator 2, and decelerator 2 is connected with cylinder 16, closure 4 It is connected by bolt 3 and the planet carrier 23 of epicyclic gearing 5, decelerator 2 is connected with epicyclic gearing 5, planetary gear dress The internal gear 22 and connecting plate 6 for putting 5 are connected by bolt, and connecting plate 6 is connected with support plate 7, and support plate 7 is solid by bolt with cylinder 16 Even, center bolt 8, planetary-screw 13 are connected by ring flange 10 and the sun gear of epicyclic gearing 5 25, planetary gear 24, Gu Determine part 11 and the planet carrier 23 of epicyclic gearing 5 is connected, adapter sleeve 12 is connected with fixture 11, adapter sleeve 12 and scraper shaft 14 Connection, dynamic scraper plate 15 is connected with scraper shaft 14.
As shown in Fig. 2 (a) and (b), center vane 19 is provided with center bolt 8, center vane 19 and central shaft 18 are solid Even, planetary blade 21 is provided with planetary-screw 13, planetary blade 21 and planet stirring axle 20 are connected.
As shown in figure 3, reducing varying pitch formula planet stirring device specific workflow is as follows:
During stirring, center bolt 8 is along when rotating counterclockwise, and material is delivered up by its left-right rotary center vane 19, due to The diameter of center vane 19 from top to bottom is gradually reduced, and pitch is gradually reduced, and forms crowded to material during being delivered up Pressure is acted on, and material is to the direction compressional movement of planetary-screw 13, while a small amount of material falls after rise under Gravitative Loads;Three planetary-screws 13 counter clockwise direction rotations, its dextrorotation planetary blade 21 by material be delivered up simultaneously pressing materials, due to planetary blade 21 from Under gradually increase to upper blade diameter, pitch gradually increases, and the larger planetary blade in the top of planetary-screw 13 is conducive to collecting The material that the material and center bolt 8 being delivered up from planetary-screw 13 are moved by inertia and squeezing action to planetary-screw 13. Material is delivered up interacting simultaneously, contributes to material to be sufficiently mixed.Dynamic scraper plate 15 rotates the thing that will be sticked on cylinder 16 Material is scraped, material multi-trace crisscross motion in whipping process, lifting stirring efficiency and mixing quality.
As shown in figure 4, Flow of Goods and Materials form during the work of reducing varying pitch formula planet stirring device, material is with planetary-screw 13 Revolution moves in a circle, the rotation of center bolt 8, and material does small range circular motion and upwards motion, the rotation of planetary-screw 13, thing Material does small range circular motion and upwards motion;Motion of the material under Gravitative Loads, the diameter of center vane 19 and pitch are simultaneously Taper into the compressional movement to material.It is planetary-screw 13 from large to small that whipping process center bolt 8, which is delivered up inventory, It is delivered up inventory to change from small to big, material collects in mixing drum internal upper part and does extruding diffusion motion to surrounding, in dynamic scraper plate 15 and Action of Gravity Field under moved obliquely along barrel.
As shown in figure 5, epicyclic gearing is provided with internal gear 22, internal gear 22 is connected with cylinder 16, sun gear 25 with Planet carrier 23 is connected with revolute pair, and sun gear 25 is connected with decelerator 2, and planet carrier 23 is connected with internal gear 22 with revolute pair, OK Carrier 23 is connected with planetary gear 24 with revolute pair, and planetary-screw 13 is connected with planetary gear 24, and sun gear 25 connects with center bolt 8 Connect, scraper shaft 14 is connected with planet carrier 23.
Principle of the present utility model:
The utility model is a kind of vertical stirring device, it is adaptable to which concrete mixture stirs occasion.Epicyclic gearing Center bolt, multiple planetary-screws and dynamic scraper plate are driven, is fed from the top of cylinder, from the bottom discharge of cylinder.It is multiple to do row The reducing varying pitch agitating screw that the dynamic reducing varying pitch agitating screw of luck does fixed-axis rotation with one is constituted together with container Agitator, the spiral shell footpath of agitating screw, pitch stepped change, makes material in whipping process realize variable motion, so that material is transported Dynamic state produces a variety of changes and reaches quick well-mixed purpose.
Epicyclic gearing is connected with power drive unit, is vertically arranged, and epicyclic gearing uses 2K-H types, internal gear It is fixed, its number of teeth z3=80~120, sun gear active, its number of teeth z1=18~25, rotating speed is n1, planet carrier is driven, its rotating speed For nH=0.12n1~0.26n1, turn to and n1It is identical, tooth number of star z2=35~50, rotation rotating speed is 0.2n1~0.88n1, turn To with n1On the contrary, revolution rotating speed is 0.12n1~0.26n1, turn to and n1It is identical.
Mixer rabbling mechanism is made up of center bolt, planetary-screw and dynamic scraper plate, the sun gear in epicyclic gearing Center bolt is driven to rotate, multiple planetary gears drive multiple planetary-screws not only rotation but also revolution, planet carrier drives dynamic scraper plate to turn It is dynamic.
There is left (or right) rotation center vane on center bolt, center vane diameter increases from top to bottom, pressesRule change (D and d are respectively the axial length of blade centered on center vane end and end diameter greatly, L, X represents the axial distance from the big end of center vane, and y represents the diameter of blade at axial distance x), center vane outside diameter D= 200mm~350mm, center vane end diameter d=150mm~0mm, axial length L=450mm of center vane~ 1000mm。
There is right (or left) rotation planet-gear blade on planetary-screw, planetary blade diameter is pressedRule change (D and D is respectively the big end of planetary blade and end diameter, and L is the axial length of planetary blade, and x represents the axial direction from planetary blade small end Distance, y represents the diameter of planetary blade at axial distance x), planetary blade outside diameter D=150mm~0mm, planetary blade is small Hold diameter d=100mm~200mm, axial length L=400mm~950mm of planetary blade.
The pitch of agitating screw is pressed:Rule changes (R0For initial pitch, RmFor End pitch, i is spiral number of turns when pitch is R, imFor total spiral number of turns).
Dynamic scraper plate is connected with the planet carrier in epicyclic gearing, and the velocity of rotation for moving scraper plate is 0.12n1~0.n1
Above content is only explanation technological thought of the present utility model, it is impossible to limit protection model of the present utility model with this Enclose, it is every according to the utility model proposes technological thought, any change done on the basis of technical scheme each falls within this reality Within protection domain with new claims.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator, it is characterised in that including cylinder (16), be arranged on cylinder (16) The motor (1) and the epicyclic gearing (5) being arranged in cylinder (16) and some screw rods in portion;Cylinder (16) top is opened up There is charging aperture (9), bottom opens up discharging opening (17);Motor (1) is connected by decelerator (2) with epicyclic gearing (5);Spiral shell Bar includes a center bolt (8) and some planetary-screws (13), center bolt (8) and the sun gear of epicyclic gearing (5) (25) it is connected, planetary-screw (13) and the planetary gear (24) of epicyclic gearing (5) are connected.
2. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that epicyclic gearing (5) fixture (11) is also equipped with planet carrier (23), scraper plate (15) is moved and is connected by scraper shaft (14) and fixture (11).
3. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that planetary gear is filled The internal gear for putting (5) is fixed, its number of teeth z3=80~120;Sun gear active, its number of teeth z1=18~25, rotating speed is n1;Planet Frame is driven, and its rotating speed is nH=0.12n1~0.26n1, turn to and n1It is identical;Tooth number of star z2=35~50, rotation rotating speed is 0.2n1~0.88n1, turn to and n1On the contrary, revolution rotating speed is 0.12n1~0.26n1, turn to and n1It is identical.
4. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that planetary gear is filled Put and closure (4) is provided with the top of (5), and closure (4) is fixed by bolt (3).
5. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that planetary gear is filled The internal gear (22) and connecting plate (6) for putting (5) are connected by bolt, and connecting plate (6) is fixedly mounted on cylinder by support plate (7) (16) on inwall.
6. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 2, it is characterised in that the end of fixture (11) Portion is provided with adapter sleeve (12), and scraper shaft (14) is sheathed in adapter sleeve (12).
7. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 1, it is characterised in that center bolt (8) and Planetary-screw (13) is connected by ring flange (10) and sun gear (25) and planetary gear (24).
8. the reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 1 or 7, it is characterised in that center vane (19) diameter increases from top to bottom, pressesRule changes, and wherein D and d are respectively the big end of center vane and small end The axial length of blade centered on diameter, L, x represents the axial distance from the big end of center vane, and y represents blade at axial distance x Diameter;Center vane outside diameter D=200mm~350mm, center vane end diameter d=150mm~0mm, center vane Axial length L=450mm~1000mm;
The diameter of planetary blade (21) is pressedRule changes, and wherein D and d are respectively the big end of planetary blade and small end Diameter, L is the axial length of planetary blade, and x represents the axial distance from planetary blade small end, and y represents planet at axial distance x The diameter of blade;Planetary blade outside diameter D=150mm~0mm, planetary blade end diameter d=100mm~200mm, planet Axial length L=400mm~950mm of blade;
The pitch of center bolt and planetary-screw is pressed:Rule changes, wherein R0To be first Beginning pitch, RmFor end pitch, i is spiral number of turns when pitch is R, imFor total spiral number of turns.
9. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 8, it is characterised in that center bolt (8) is wrapped The center vane (19) for including central shaft (18) and being sheathed on central shaft (18).
10. reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator according to claim 8, it is characterised in that planetary-screw (13) Including planet stirring axle (20) and the planetary blade (21) being sheathed on planet stirring axle (20).
CN201720081488.4U 2017-01-22 2017-01-22 A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator Expired - Fee Related CN206484730U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106738338A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-05-31 长安大学 A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator
CN107618110A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-01-23 张佩春 A kind of cement blending device for building
CN110053166A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-07-26 付清海 A kind of efficient build concrete agitating device
CN112356229A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-02-12 淮南市金德实业有限公司 Mixed daub preparation device and process

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106738338A (en) * 2017-01-22 2017-05-31 长安大学 A kind of reducing variable-pitch propeller upright planetary agitator
CN107618110A (en) * 2017-11-03 2018-01-23 张佩春 A kind of cement blending device for building
CN110053166A (en) * 2019-05-28 2019-07-26 付清海 A kind of efficient build concrete agitating device
CN110053166B (en) * 2019-05-28 2020-07-28 浙江立地新能源有限公司 Efficient concrete mixing device for building
CN112356229A (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-02-12 淮南市金德实业有限公司 Mixed daub preparation device and process
CN112356229B (en) * 2020-11-09 2021-12-21 淮南市金德实业有限公司 Mixed daub preparation device and process

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Granted publication date: 20170912

Termination date: 20180122