CN206449162U - A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain - Google Patents

A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206449162U
CN206449162U CN201621091304.4U CN201621091304U CN206449162U CN 206449162 U CN206449162 U CN 206449162U CN 201621091304 U CN201621091304 U CN 201621091304U CN 206449162 U CN206449162 U CN 206449162U
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China
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transmission mechanism
brake
final stage
gear
planet
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201621091304.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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赵鸣
赵一鸣
徐西玲
赵振杰
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain, it includes input shaft, sun gear, planetary gear, planet carrier, gear ring, planetary gear is set in planet carrier, sun gear is connected by planetary gear with gear ring, the epicyclic transmission mechanism is one-level or two grades or three-level or level Four or Pyatyi ... or N grades of epicyclic transmission mechanisms, the epicyclic transmission mechanism also includes input brake, final stage planetary carrier brake, input brake input shaft, final stage planetary carrier brake brakes final stage planet carrier, the epicyclic transmission mechanism can not only provide larger driving force, and the normally travel of vehicle is not influenceed when servo-actuated, as a diameter of 280mm of the wheel hub installation positioning spigot of wheel, the rotating speed of gear ring can reach 1097rpm, when wheel diameter is 1000mm, the permission travel speed of car is 206.7 thousand ms/h.

Description

A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain
Technical field
The utility model is related to decelerator field, is especially a kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain.
Background technology
With the increase, the increase of weight, the change of road conditions, transport vehicle of measurement of cargo --- such as wind electricity blade, wind Electric tower transport vehicle --- a unavoidable problem is run into, power is frequently encountered not when vehicle heavy duty is travelled on hill path The situation of foot, and the height above sea level more and more higher that wind power equipment is installed, this problem are increasingly protruded, the side of Solve on site Method is to borrow other vehicles, such as with loading machine as auxiliary power, it is sometimes desirable to three loading machines.So do not only cost Height, and many cars work compound on the rugged mountain path built temporarily, security are also very poor, and the solution of science is: Increase assistant drive system.
Assistant drive system should have following functions:Vehicle is in common highway or running on expressway, the system Do not work, but do not influence the normally travel of vehicle;Vehicle is travelled on hill path, when needing accessory system to work, and can be opened at any time Move or close the system.The problem for realizing the system is reductor, i.e., when vehicle is run at high speed on highway, reductor with Dynamic, the rotation of wheel drives the output element rotation of reductor, and driving-chain of the rotation through reductor drives the former defeated of reductor Enter element rotation, because the gearratio of reductor is big, cause the former input element rotating speed of reductor very high, the bearing of input Rotating speed have also exceeded its limit speed, cause parts damages, therefore current reduction gearing mechanism can not be realized.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is solution above-mentioned technical problem, and there is provided a kind of Gear Planet Transmission machine of variable transmission chain Structure, the mechanism can not only provide larger driving force, and not influence the normally travel of vehicle when servo-actuated.
To realize above-mentioned utility model purpose, technical solution adopted in the utility model is:
A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain, it includes input shaft, sun gear, planetary gear, planet carrier, gear ring, Planetary gear is set in planet carrier, and sun gear is connected by planetary gear with gear ring, the epicyclic transmission mechanism for one-level or two grades or Three-level or level Four or Pyatyi ... or N grades of epicyclic transmission mechanisms, the epicyclic transmission mechanism also include input brake, final stage planet Frame brake, input brake input shaft, final stage planetary carrier brake braking final stage planet carrier, the input braking Device is connected with input shaft, and input shaft is connected with one-level sun gear, and one-level sun gear is engaged with primary planet wheel, primary planet wheel with Primary annulus is engaged, and primary planet wheel is connected with primary planet carrier;Final stage planetary carrier brake is connected with final stage planet carrier.
When the epicyclic transmission mechanism is primary planet transmission mechanism, primary planet wheel is connected with primary planet carrier, one-level row Carrier is final stage planet carrier.
When the epicyclic transmission mechanism is secondary planet transmission mechanism, primary planet wheel is connected with primary planet carrier, one-level row Carrier is connected with secondary solar gear, and secondary solar gear is engaged with secondary planet wheel, and secondary planet wheel is engaged with secondary gear circle, two grades Planetary gear is connected with final stage planet carrier;When the epicyclic transmission mechanism is multistage planet transmission mechanism, secondary planet frame and next stage Sun gear connection, by that analogy, the connection of the planet carrier of final stage sun gear and upper level, planetary gear and corresponding tooth per one-level Circle engagement, final stage planet carrier is connected with final stage planetary carrier brake.
A kind of planetary reduction gear kind of drive, sets input brake at input shaft, is set at final stage planet carrier Final stage planetary carrier brake, input brake is cooperated with final stage planetary carrier brake, realizes that epicyclic transmission mechanism is driven The change of chain:Input brake is opened, and final stage planetary carrier brake closure, final stage planet carrier is fixed, and power passes through input shaft Input, input shaft is rotated, and is exported by gear ring;When input arrester close, input shaft, one-level sun gear are fixed, final stage row Carrier brake is opened, and final stage planet carrier can be rotated freely, and now produces two kinds of driving-chains, the first driving-chain:Final stage row Carrier is as input link, and gear ring turns into a kind of speed booster driving mechanism as output link, the epicyclic transmission mechanism;Second of biography Dynamic chain:Gear ring is as input link, and final stage planet carrier turns into a kind of deceleration transmission machine as output link, the epicyclic transmission mechanism Structure
When second described of driving-chain is applied, decelerator is servo-actuated state when vehicle is travelled.
The input brake and the maneuverability pattern of final stage planetary carrier brake are M- is motor-driven, H- surges, P- is pneumatic, E- Any or two kinds of combining forms among electronic.
When the driving link when epicyclic transmission mechanism is hydraulic motor, input brake is hydraulic lock, that is, works as stopping When being pressed oil to hydraulic motor feed flow, hydraulic lock locks hydraulic motor.
When the driving link when epicyclic transmission mechanism is air motor, input brake is gas-operated lock.
When the driving link when epicyclic transmission mechanism is motor, input brake is brake motor.
Operation principle of the present utility model is:Input brake is opened, while final stage planetary carrier brake is closed, final stage Planet carrier is fixed, and power is inputted by input shaft, is exported by gear ring, realizes the driving function of planetary reducer, and the function is used In the driving of engineering truck, Over-size transport car, auxiliary power car, hydraulic module car etc.;When input arrester close, input shaft Fixed, while final stage planetary carrier brake is opened, final stage planet carrier can be rotated freely, and now produce two kinds of driving-chains, first Plant driving-chain:Final stage planet carrier is used as output link as input link, gear ring;Second of driving-chain:Gear ring is used as input structure Part, final stage planet carrier is changed into output link, and the function is used for engineering truck, Over-size transport car, auxiliary power car, hydraulic module car Deng it is driven, i.e., vehicle travel when, Follow-up vehicle wheel drive ring gear against rotation, final stage planet carrier idle running.When the wheel hub of wheel installs fixed During a diameter of 280mm of seam of position, the rotating speed of gear ring can reach 1097rpm, when wheel diameter is 1000mm, the maximum allowable row of car Speed is sailed for 206.7 thousand ms/h, now the decelerator does not interfere with normal vehicle operation.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are:
The epicyclic transmission mechanism and the planetary reduction gear kind of drive of the variable transmission chain can realize that driving turns with servo-actuated Change, and this conversion is realized with power;
During the epicyclic transmission mechanism work of the variable transmission chain, for driving;When servo-actuated, gear ring is changed into input link, end Level planet carrier is changed into output link, and at this moment reductor may be used as follower, and it is dynamic that the mechanism is used for into Over-size transport car, auxiliary Power car, hydraulic module car etc., not only serve as drive mechanism, can also be used as with car follower, not interfere with damage decelerator Normal vehicle operation is not interfered with yet;
The epicyclic transmission mechanism of the variable transmission chain can be used not only for the vehicle for not only needing to drive but also need to be servo-actuated, and can be used for Only with the vehicle and equipment of driving function.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the theory structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 1;
Fig. 2 is the theory structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 2;
Fig. 3 is the theory structure schematic diagram of the utility model embodiment 3.
Embodiment
Embodiment 1:A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain, it includes input shaft 2, sun gear, planetary gear, planet Frame, gear ring, planetary gear are set in planet carrier by bearing, and sun gear is connected by planetary gear with gear ring, in addition to input Brake 1, final stage planetary carrier brake 7, the braking input shaft 2 of input brake 1, the braking final stage of final stage planetary carrier brake 7 Planet carrier 6, the input brake 1 is connected with input shaft 2, and input shaft 2 is connected with one-level sun gear 3, one-level sun gear 3 with Primary planet wheel 4 is engaged, and primary planet wheel 4 is engaged with primary annulus 5, and primary planet wheel 4 is connected with final stage planet carrier 6, final stage Planetary carrier brake 7 is connected with final stage planet carrier 6.
A kind of planetary reduction gear kind of drive, sets input brake at input shaft, is set at final stage planet carrier Final stage planetary carrier brake, input brake is cooperated with final stage planetary carrier brake, realizes that epicyclic transmission mechanism is driven The change of chain:Input brake is opened, and final stage planetary carrier brake closure, final stage planet carrier is fixed, and power passes through input shaft Input, input shaft is rotated, and is exported by gear ring;When input arrester close, input shaft, one-level sun gear are fixed, final stage row Carrier brake is opened, and final stage planet carrier can be rotated freely, and now produces two kinds of driving-chains, the first driving-chain:Final stage row Carrier is as input link, and gear ring turns into a kind of speed booster driving mechanism as output link, the epicyclic transmission mechanism;Second of biography Dynamic chain:Gear ring is as input link, and final stage planet carrier turns into a kind of deceleration transmission machine as output link, the epicyclic transmission mechanism Structure.
The input brake and the maneuverability pattern of final stage planetary carrier brake are M- is motor-driven, H- surges, P- is pneumatic, E- Any or two kinds of combining forms among electronic.
Embodiment 2
A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain, it includes input shaft 2, sun gear, planetary gear, planet carrier, gear ring, Planetary gear is set in planet carrier by bearing, and sun gear is connected by planetary gear with gear ring, in addition to input brake 1, Final stage planetary carrier brake 7, the braking input shaft 2 of input brake 1, the braking final stage of final stage planetary carrier brake 7 planet carrier 6, The input brake 1 is connected with input shaft 2, and input shaft 2 is connected with one-level sun gear 3, one-level sun gear 3 and primary planet Wheel 4 is engaged, and primary planet wheel 4 is engaged with primary annulus 5, and primary planet wheel 4 is connected with primary planet carrier 8, final stage planet carrier system Dynamic device 7 is connected with final stage planet carrier 6, and primary planet carrier 8 is connected with secondary solar gear 9, secondary solar gear 9 and secondary planet wheel 10 Engagement, secondary planet wheel 10 is engaged with secondary gear circle 11, and secondary planet wheel 10 is connected with final stage planet carrier 6.
The driving link of the epicyclic transmission mechanism is hydraulic motor, and input brake 1 is replaced by hydraulic lock, that is, works as stopping When being pressed oil to hydraulic motor feed flow, hydraulic lock locks hydraulic motor.
Embodiment 3
A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain, it includes input shaft 2, sun gear, planetary gear, planet carrier, gear ring, Planetary gear is set in planet carrier by bearing, and sun gear is connected by planetary gear with gear ring, in addition to input brake 1, Final stage planetary carrier brake 7, the braking input shaft 2 of input brake 1, the braking final stage of final stage planetary carrier brake 7 planet carrier 6, The input brake 1 is connected with input shaft 2, and input shaft 2 is connected with one-level sun gear 3, one-level sun gear 3 and primary planet Wheel 4 is engaged, and primary planet wheel 4 engages with primary annulus 5, and primary planet wheel 4 is connected with primary planet carrier 8, primary planet carrier 8 and Secondary solar gear 9 is connected, and secondary solar gear 9 is connected with secondary planet wheel 10, and secondary planet wheel 10 is engaged with secondary gear circle 11, and two Level planet carrier 15 is connected with secondary planet wheel 10, and secondary planet frame 15 is connected with three-level sun gear 12, three-level sun gear 12 and three Level planetary gear 13 is connected, and third-level planetary wheel 13 is engaged with three-level gear ring 14, and final stage planet carrier 6 is connected with third-level planetary wheel 13, end Level planetary carrier brake 7 is connected with final stage planet carrier 6.
The driving link of the epicyclic transmission mechanism is motor, and input brake is substituted by brake motor.
The limitation of embodiment described above not to technical solutions of the utility model protection domain, the epicyclic transmission mechanism is During multistage planet transmission mechanism, the sun gear connection of third-level planetary frame and next stage, by that analogy, final stage sun gear and upper level Planet carrier connection, engaged per the planetary gear of one-level with corresponding gear ring, final stage planet carrier is connected with final stage planetary carrier brake.
The epicyclic transmission mechanism of the variable transmission chain can realize driving and servo-actuated conversion, and this conversion is to use power Realize;During the epicyclic transmission mechanism work of the variable transmission chain, for driving;When servo-actuated, gear ring is changed into input link, final stage Planet carrier is changed into output link, and at this moment reductor may be used as follower, and the mechanism is used for into Over-size transport car, auxiliary power Car, hydraulic module car etc., not only serve as drive mechanism, can also be used as with car follower, do not interfere with damage decelerator Normal vehicle operation is not interfered with;The epicyclic transmission mechanism of the variable transmission chain is not only applicable to the car for not only needing to drive but also need to be servo-actuated , it can be used for only with the vehicle and equipment of driving function.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain, it includes input shaft, sun gear, planetary gear, planet carrier, gear ring, OK Star-wheel is connected with planet carrier, and sun gear is connected by planetary gear with gear ring, and the epicyclic transmission mechanism is one-level or two grades or three-level Or level Four or Pyatyi epicyclic transmission mechanism, it is characterised in that:Also include input brake, final stage planetary carrier brake, input Brake input shaft is held, final stage planetary carrier brake braking final stage planet carrier, the input brake connects with input shaft Connect, input shaft is connected with one-level sun gear, one-level sun gear is engaged with primary planet wheel, primary planet wheel is nibbled with primary annulus Close, primary planet wheel is connected with primary planet carrier, and final stage planetary carrier brake is connected with final stage planet carrier.
2. the epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The epicyclic transmission mechanism During for primary planet transmission mechanism, primary planet wheel is connected with primary planet carrier, and primary planet carrier is final stage planet carrier.
3. the epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The epicyclic transmission mechanism During for secondary planet transmission mechanism, primary planet wheel is connected with primary planet carrier, and primary planet carrier is connected with secondary solar gear, and two Level sun gear is engaged with secondary planet wheel, and secondary planet wheel is engaged with secondary gear circle, and secondary planet wheel is connected with final stage planet carrier; When the epicyclic transmission mechanism is multistage planet transmission mechanism, the sun gear connection of secondary planet frame and next stage, by that analogy, end The planet carrier of level sun gear and upper level is connected, and the planetary gear per one-level is engaged with corresponding gear ring, final stage planet carrier and final stage Planetary carrier brake is connected.
4. the epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The input brake With the maneuverability pattern of final stage planetary carrier brake for M- is motor-driven, H- surges, P- is pneumatic, E- it is electronic among any or two kinds of groups Conjunction form.
5. a kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described to work as Gear Planet Transmission When the driving link of mechanism is hydraulic motor, input brake is hydraulic lock, i.e., when stopping pressing oil hydraulic motor feed flow, liquid Pressure lock locks hydraulic motor.
6. a kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described to work as Gear Planet Transmission When the driving link of mechanism is air motor, input brake is gas-operated lock.
7. a kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:It is described to work as Gear Planet Transmission When the driving link of mechanism is motor, input brake is brake motor.
CN201621091304.4U 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain Expired - Fee Related CN206449162U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621091304.4U CN206449162U (en) 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621091304.4U CN206449162U (en) 2016-09-29 2016-09-29 A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism of variable transmission chain

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106151393A (en) * 2016-09-29 2016-11-23 徐西玲 The epicyclic transmission mechanism of a kind of variable transmission chain and the planetary reduction gear kind of drive
CN108662091A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-10-16 山推工程机械股份有限公司 A kind of Novel wheel-side slowing-down structure and speed reducer

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106151393A (en) * 2016-09-29 2016-11-23 徐西玲 The epicyclic transmission mechanism of a kind of variable transmission chain and the planetary reduction gear kind of drive
CN106151393B (en) * 2016-09-29 2019-05-03 徐西玲 A kind of epicyclic transmission mechanism and the planetary reduction gear kind of drive of variable transmission chain
CN108662091A (en) * 2018-07-16 2018-10-16 山推工程机械股份有限公司 A kind of Novel wheel-side slowing-down structure and speed reducer
CN108662091B (en) * 2018-07-16 2021-06-04 山推工程机械股份有限公司 Novel hub reduction structure and speed reducer

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Granted publication date: 20170829

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