CN206421251U - A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system - Google Patents

A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206421251U
CN206421251U CN201720026899.3U CN201720026899U CN206421251U CN 206421251 U CN206421251 U CN 206421251U CN 201720026899 U CN201720026899 U CN 201720026899U CN 206421251 U CN206421251 U CN 206421251U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
temperature
environmental control
blower fan
unit
ventilation
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201720026899.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
高卫东
周大兵
谷国才
李鹏
潘现标
党延峰
王志蕊
范继业
梁忠涛
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Henan Mu Di Intelligent Equipment Co ltd
Original Assignee
Henan Province Di Di Machinery Equipment Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201720026899.3U priority Critical patent/CN206421251U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN206421251U publication Critical patent/CN206421251U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system, include temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor, environmental control, blower fan, wet curtain, shutter, ventilation small window.The temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor transmit a signal to environmental control by RS485 communication interfaces;After the signal that the environmental control analysis is collected, adjust automatically operational mode, the blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and the ventilation small window that are attached thereto are controlled, the ventilation of fully-automatic intelligent control breeding house, cooling, dehumidifying, heat insulation function is realized, maximization is saved while realizing.The characteristics of the system has temperature, wind speed change is smooth, it is to avoid temperature, fluctuations in wind speed ambassador livestock and poultry produce the phenomenon of stress reaction;Being also equipped with equipment simultaneously, to impact small, service life long, the characteristics of energy-conservation.Ventilation device in the system Automatic Control breeding house, it is not necessary to artificial to participate in judging, alleviates the workload of cultivation person.

Description

A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system
Technical field
The utility model belongs to environmental Kuznets Curves field, more particularly to a kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system.
Background technology
In livestock and poultry cultivation production process, whether the growth suitably to livestock and poultry has critically important shadow to the environment in breeding house Ring.Environment is livestock birds health growth, the deciding factor of cost control in good breeding house, and culturist should ensure to support cultivation Temperature smooth change in specified interval in house, ensures ventilation, suitable temperature, humidity index of abundance etc. again, this Sample just can guarantee that aquaculture cost and the healthy growth of livestock and poultry.
At present, livestock and poultry cultivation person is in order to ensure environment in breeding house, generally using equipment such as blower fan, wet curtain, ventilation small windows, According to temperature in breeding house and interval time control fan operation, to reach the purpose of cooling, ventilation.
Start at full speed under this control mode, when blower fan starts and impact big, high energy consumption, and air quantity change causes temperature wave soon Dynamic scope is big.This control mode has a strong impact on the service life of blower fan, wastes electric energy.Meanwhile, because temperature fluctuation is easy greatly Cause livestock and poultry to produce stress reaction, be unfavorable for the control of the healthy growth and aquaculture cost of livestock and poultry.Therefore, in the urgent need to one kind certainly Dynamicization degree is high, accurate timely environmental control system, to adjust the environment in breeding house.
The content of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is the shortcoming for overcoming above-mentioned prior art, solves traditional environmental control system blower fan and starts punching The problem of hitting big big, temperature fluctuation range, high energy consumption.For different outwardly and inwardly environment, control model is adjusted in time, is made Temperature in breeding house keeps smooth change in a specific range, it is ensured that while the good growing environment of livestock and poultry, effectively prolong Long service life of fan, reduction power consumption.
The utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system, include environmental control, blower fan, wet curtain, shutter, divulge information it is small Window, temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor, the temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor pass through RS485 communication interfaces and environmental control Connection;The environmental control is connected with blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window respectively, and controls the ventilation of breeding house to change Gas, cooling, dehumidifying and insulation.
The environmental control is by communication unit, single-chip microcomputer, LED display unit, variable frequency drive unit, Control list Member, MAX385 communication chips, power circuit and key input unit composition, the communication unit are sensed by temperature, humidity, ammonia Device is connected by the input of MAX385 communication chips and single-chip microcomputer, and the input of the key input unit and single-chip microcomputer connects Connect, the output end of single-chip microcomputer is connected with LED display unit, variable frequency drive unit and relay control unit respectively, the relay Device control unit is made up of relay, blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window, the variable frequency drive unit and electrical equipment control Blower fan connection in unit.
Connected between the temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor and MAX485 communication chips by RS485 communication interfaces.
The utility model has the advantages that:
Overall situation temperature is foundation to control system of the present utility model using outside breeding house, according to weather conditions adjustment ring control system The operational mode of system, automatically adjusts the working condition of blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window so that temperature, wind in breeding house Speed change is smooth, it is small to fluctuate, it is to avoid the phenomenon of stress reaction occur in livestock and poultry.Meanwhile, the system is according to overall situation outside breeding house Temperature carries out environmental control system control, and equipment is effectively reduced power consumption, extended equipment and used using more accurate, reasonable Life-span.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is control system block diagram of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the structured flowchart of environmental control in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is control flow chart of the present utility model.
Embodiment
Embodiment:A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system as depicted, includes environmental control, blower fan, wet Curtain, shutter, ventilation small window, temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor, the temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor are communicated by RS485 Interface is connected with environmental control;The environmental control is provided with summer mode, Natural Ventilation Mode, winter mode, interval Pattern, ultralow temperature pattern, the summer mode, Natural Ventilation Mode, winter mode, intermittent mode, ultralow temperature pattern respectively with Blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window connection, and control ventilation, cooling, dehumidifying and the insulation of breeding house.
The environmental control is by communication unit 1, single-chip microcomputer 5, LED display unit 4, variable frequency drive unit 7, relay control Unit 6 processed, power circuit 2 and key input unit 3 are constituted, and the communication unit 1 is passed through by temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor MAX385 communication chips are connected with the input of single-chip microcomputer 5, and the key input unit 3 is connected with the input of single-chip microcomputer 5, single The output end of piece machine 5 is connected with LED display unit 4, variable frequency drive unit 7 and relay control unit 6 respectively, the relay Control unit 6 is made up of relay, blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window, the variable frequency drive unit 7 and relay control Blower fan connection in unit 6 processed.
Connected between the temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor and MAX485 communication chips by RS485 communication interfaces.
When the system works, summer mode, Natural Ventilation Mode, winter mode, interval mould are set by parameter input unit 3 Formula and ultralow temperature pattern distinguish corresponding breeding house external environment temperature value and time parameter.Temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor are real-time Monitor breeding house outside temperature and by RS485 communications interface transmissions to single-chip microcomputer 5, judge ring control system through the internal program of single-chip microcomputer 5 The aperture of the operational mode of system, the rotating speed that blower fan should reach and ventilation small window, and pass through relay driving blower fan, wet curtain, blinds Window and the corresponding switch motion of ventilation small window, while controlling the rotating speed of blower fan by variable frequency drive unit 7, pass through electric pushrod control The aperture of ventilation small window processed.
Different operational modes is described below:
When temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor monitor the signal collected single-chip microcomputer is transferred to by MAX385 communication chips Mode decision is carried out, if breeding house external environment temperature reaches the requirement of summer operation pattern, relay control unit 6 drives Blower fan and wet curtain are opened, shutter and ventilation small window are closed.Meanwhile, single-chip microcomputer 5 is driven according to temperature value in breeding house by frequency conversion The driving blower fan of moving cell 7 reaches corresponding rotating speed;
When temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor monitor the signal collected single-chip microcomputer is transferred to by MAX385 communication chips Mode decision is carried out, if breeding house external environment temperature reaches the requirement of Natural Ventilation Mode, relay control unit 6 drives Blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window are opened.Meanwhile, single chip control unit 5 is exported " zero " by variable frequency drive unit 7 Rotating speed, i.e. blower fan are inoperative(Used as shutter);
When temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor monitor the signal collected single-chip microcomputer is transferred to by MAX385 communication chips Mode decision is carried out, if breeding house external environment temperature reaches the requirement of winter operation pattern, relay control unit 6 drives Blower fan and ventilation small window are opened, shutter and wet curtain are closed.Meanwhile, single chip control unit 5 is logical according to temperature value in breeding house Cross the driving blower fan of variable frequency drive unit 7 and reach corresponding rotating speed, driven and divulged information by electric pushrod according to temperature value outside breeding house Small window reaches corresponding aperture;
When temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor monitor the signal collected single-chip microcomputer is transferred to by MAX385 communication chips Mode decision is carried out, if breeding house external environment temperature reaches the requirement of intermittent operation mode, environmental control system is controlled using the time Mode processed, ring control equipment circulation open, stops action per stopping some time after the task some time.During ring control opening of device, by Relay control unit 6 drives blower fan and ventilation small window to open, shutter and wet curtain are closed, while single chip control unit 5 Blower fan is driven to reach corresponding rotating speed by variable frequency drive unit 7 according to temperature value in breeding house, breeding house enters aeration phase;Ring When controlling equipment stopping, ventilation small window is driven to open to minimum aperture by relay control unit 6, blower fan, wet curtain and shutter are closed Close, while single chip control unit 5 exports " zero " rotating speed by variable frequency drive unit 7(I.e. blower fan is inoperative), breeding house entrance Holding stage;
When temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor monitor the signal collected single-chip microcomputer is transferred to by MAX385 communication chips Mode decision is carried out, if environmental control system works in intermittent operation mode, temperature value occurs in breeding house less than a certain critical The situation of value, then environmental control system enter ultralow temperature operational mode.Under ultralow temperature operational mode, if between temperature exceedes in breeding house If operational mode of having a rest lowest temperature requires mass dryness fraction, environmental control system exits ultralow temperature operational mode, into intermittent operation mode;It is no Then, environmental control system will continue to work under ultralow temperature operational mode.Ultralow temperature operational mode is similar to intermittent operation mode, but follows The ring cycle is more than 4 times of intermittent operation mode(It can be configured by parameter input unit 3).
Preferred embodiment of the present utility model is the foregoing is only, it is all at this not to limit the utility model Within the spirit and principle of utility model, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in the utility model Protection domain within.

Claims (3)

1. a kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system, include environmental control, blower fan, wet curtain, shutter, ventilation small window, Temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor, it is characterized in that:The temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor pass through RS485 communication interfaces and environment Controller is connected;The environmental control is connected with blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window respectively, and controls breeding house Ventilation, cooling, dehumidifying and insulation.
2. breeding house environmental control system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that:The environmental control is by communication unit Member, single-chip microcomputer, LED display unit, variable frequency drive unit, relay control unit, power circuit and key input unit composition, The communication unit is connected by temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor by the input of MAX385 communication chips and single-chip microcomputer, described The input connection of key input unit and single-chip microcomputer, the output end of single-chip microcomputer respectively with LED display unit, variable frequency drive unit And relay control unit connection, the relay control unit is by relay, blower fan, wet curtain, shutter and ventilation small window group Into the variable frequency drive unit is connected with the blower fan in electrical control unit.
3. breeding house environmental control system according to claim 2, it is characterized in that:The temperature, humidity, ammonia gas sensor It is connected between MAX485 communication chips by RS485 communication interfaces.
CN201720026899.3U 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system Expired - Fee Related CN206421251U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720026899.3U CN206421251U (en) 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201720026899.3U CN206421251U (en) 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206421251U true CN206421251U (en) 2017-08-18

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Family Applications (1)

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CN201720026899.3U Expired - Fee Related CN206421251U (en) 2017-01-11 2017-01-11 A kind of livestock and poultry cultivation house environmental control system

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113867451A (en) * 2021-10-29 2021-12-31 江苏大学 Intelligent temperature control method for livestock and poultry breeding by combining cloud platform and controller
CN114167921A (en) * 2021-11-15 2022-03-11 河南宝明祥自动化设备有限公司 Intelligent environment monitoring method and system based on network communication

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113867451A (en) * 2021-10-29 2021-12-31 江苏大学 Intelligent temperature control method for livestock and poultry breeding by combining cloud platform and controller
CN113867451B (en) * 2021-10-29 2022-08-23 江苏大学 Intelligent temperature control method for livestock and poultry breeding by combining cloud platform and controller
CN114167921A (en) * 2021-11-15 2022-03-11 河南宝明祥自动化设备有限公司 Intelligent environment monitoring method and system based on network communication

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GR01 Patent grant
GR01 Patent grant
CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder

Address after: 475500, Henan, Weishi County, Kaifeng County Industrial District, Kong Kong Village

Patentee after: Henan Mu Di Intelligent Equipment Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 475500, Henan, Weishi County, Kaifeng County Industrial District, Kong Kong Village

Patentee before: HENAN MUDI MACHINERY EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.

CP01 Change in the name or title of a patent holder
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20170818

Termination date: 20220111