CN206267303U - Cable net structure and jacking membrane structure - Google Patents

Cable net structure and jacking membrane structure Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206267303U
CN206267303U CN201621280246.XU CN201621280246U CN206267303U CN 206267303 U CN206267303 U CN 206267303U CN 201621280246 U CN201621280246 U CN 201621280246U CN 206267303 U CN206267303 U CN 206267303U
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China
Prior art keywords
cable net
net structure
elastic component
cable
membrane
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CN201621280246.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜红顺
周乾龙
庄静
王�华
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Jiangsu Broadwell Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Broadwell Environmental Technology Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model provides a kind of cable net structure and jacking membrane structure, is related to pneumatic membrane building technical field.The cable net structure includes:Cable net structure body and the mechanism that is slidably connected;Wherein, cable net structure body, multiple longitudinal direction ropes, horizontal rope cross one another and connect and compose cable net structure body, multiple network structures inside flexible part of device of the cable net structure body;Be slidably connected mechanism, is connected by the mechanism that is slidably connected at longitudinal rope, the interconnection of horizontal rope, so that cable net structure body can be made to produce the deformation to prevent from being broken in the presence of the tension of pneumatic membrane building;The jacking membrane structure, including cable net structure, also including air film building structure, the air film building structure device is on cable net structure top.Cable net structure of the present utility model and jacking membrane structure, internal structure variation, can preferably disperse the tension of pneumatic membrane building.

Description

Cable net structure and jacking membrane structure
Technical field
The utility model relates generally to pneumatic membrane building technical field, more particularly to but and be directed not only to cable net structure and Jacking membrane structure.
Background technology
Rope membrane building is constituted with membrane material, cable wire and pillar, and tension force is imported in membrane material with up to stabilizing using cable wire and pillar Form.It is also the structural form that can most represent membrane structure spirit outside innovation and moulding attractive in appearance except tool intention can be put into practice, Large-scale span space is also more to be constituted rope net come in the form of supporting top membrane material using with cable wire and compression material.Therefore construction precision It is required that high, structural behaviour is strong, and the abundant expressive force of tool.
Cable net structure in the market in order to the seam crossing for preventing pneumatic membrane building cause because tension is excessive fracture and Set, rope net is primarily subjected to tension, deviation, Huo Zheshe are often resulted in during due to design or construction as a kind of flexible structure Timing rope net safety stock is not big enough, and local pressure crosses conference and causes a few ropes to damage, if rope net is an entirety, may Whole rope net can be caused to destroy, engineering accident can be caused when serious, while be difficult to accomplish every rope uniform force in construction, because It is many using pulley connection between this rope net.However, because pulley structure distribution is small, the effect for bearing tension is weaker.
Such as patent CN201420037926.3 disclose it is a kind of can be used for the multilayer pulley rope net of air-supported membrane structure, such as scheme Shown in 1, it includes single-sheaved block 11, sister block 12, underlying network 13, upper wire 14 and crestal line 15, the wherein pulley of single-sheaved block 11 Part is connected with the lower end of underlying network 13, and the top sheave of sister block 12 is connected with the lower end of upper wire 14, the lower sheave of sister block 12 It is connected with the upper end of underlying network 13, the cable wire node of the termination of underlying network 13 and upper wire 14 with crestal line 15 is affixed, although the Shen Please more flexibly adjust internal force in rope net, realize the linking of different-diameter cable wire, however only install row's sister block with And lower sheave, cable-membrane analysis can't adapt to bigger tension.
Such as patent CN201420037846.8 discloses a kind of primary and secondary rope net connected with pulley for membrane structure, such as Shown in Fig. 2, including main rope 21, some connecting nodes 23 are bolted on main rope 21, secondary rope 22 passes through connecting node 23 On pulley be attached with main rope 21, main rope 21 be directly anchored to basis or other enclosed structures on, secondary rope 22 by connection Pulley on node 23 is connected with main rope 21, although this application realizes multi-way prevention, while the presence for having pulley can be automatic Pulling force suffered by regulation time rope, makes its uniform force, but uses pulley connection main rope 21 and time rope 22, in structure unavoidable shape Formula is single, and it is weaker to bear the ability of tension.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide cable net structure and jacking membrane structure, largely solves above-mentioned skill Art problem.
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of cable net structure.
Second purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of tension structure.
The cable net structure that the utility model is provided, including cable net structure body and the mechanism that is slidably connected;Wherein,
Cable net structure body, multiple longitudinal direction ropes, horizontal rope cross one another and connect and compose cable net structure body, the rope net knot Multiple network structures inside flexible part of device of structure body;
Be slidably connected mechanism, is connected by the mechanism that is slidably connected at longitudinal rope, the interconnection of horizontal rope, with energy Enough make cable net structure body produced in the presence of the tension of pneumatic membrane building deformation prevent fracture.
Further, it is equipped with waterproof layer on the cable net structure body.
Specifically, the mechanism that is slidably connected is for pulley.
Further, the elastic component includes the first elastic component and the second elastic component arranged in a crossed manner, and each is described netted Equal device has the first elastic component and the second elastic component in structure.
Further, in same network structure, the first elastic component two ends with horizontal Suo Xianglian.
Further, in same network structure, the second elastic component two ends with longitudinal Suo Xianglian.
Further, first elastic component and the second elastic component are spring.
The utility model also provides a kind of jacking membrane structure, including described cable net structure, also including air film building structure, The air film building structure device is on cable net structure top.
Further, also including supporting structure, the support structure device is in the bottom of the cable net structure.
Specifically, the supporting structure is mast.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
Elastic component and cable net structure body inside the network structure of the cable net structure are directly slidably connected mechanism, In many different forms cable net structure body can be made to produce deformation in the presence of the tension of pneumatic membrane building, Preferably disperse the tension of pneumatic membrane building, it is to avoid air film is broken.
The jacking membrane structure light weight, have a wide range of application, membrane structure normal work can be made and appropriate pretension is introduced.
Above-mentioned setting so that simple structure of the present utility model, using conveniently, various structures, stability is strong.
Brief description of the drawings
In order to illustrate more clearly of the utility model specific embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, below will be right The accompanying drawing to be used needed for specific embodiment or description of the prior art is briefly described, it should be apparent that, describe below In accompanying drawing be some implementation methods of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, do not paying creativeness On the premise of work, other accompanying drawings can also be obtained according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 shows for the structure that can be used for the multilayer pulley rope net of air-supported membrane structure that patent CN201420037926.3 is provided It is intended to;
The structure of the primary and secondary rope net connected with pulley for membrane structure that Fig. 2 is provided for patent CN201420037846.8 Schematic diagram;
The structural representation of the cable net structure that Fig. 3 is provided for the utility model embodiment;
The structural representation of the jacking membrane structure that Fig. 4 is provided for the utility model embodiment.
Reference:
11- single-sheaved blocks;12- sister blocks;
13- underlying networks;14- upper wires;
15- crestal lines;
21- main ropes;22- rope;
23- connecting nodes;
30- jacking membrane structures;
31- cable net structures;32- supporting structures;
33- air film building structures;
311- cable net structure bodies;312- is slidably connected mechanism;
313- network structures;
3111- transverse direction ropes;3112- longitudinal directions rope;
3131- elastic components;
The elastic components of 31311- first;The elastic components of 31312- second.
Specific embodiment
The technical solution of the utility model is clearly and completely described below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, it is clear that described Embodiment is a part of embodiment of the utility model, rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the utility model, this The every other embodiment that field those of ordinary skill is obtained under the premise of creative work is not made, belongs to this practicality Novel protected scope.
It is term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " perpendicular, it is necessary to explanation in description of the present utility model Directly ", the orientation or position relationship of the instruction such as " level ", " interior ", " outward " are, based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, to be only Described with simplified for the ease of description the utility model, must had rather than the device or element for indicating or implying meaning specific Orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not intended that to limitation of the present utility model.Additionally, term " the One ", " second ", " the 3rd " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that indicating or implying relative importance.
, it is necessary to explanation, unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is pacified in description of the present utility model Dress ", " connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, for example, it may be fixedly connected, or be detachably connected, or integratedly Connection;Can mechanically connect, or electrically connect;Can be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, Can be two connections of element internal.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned art can be understood with concrete condition Concrete meaning of the language in the utility model.
As shown in figure 3, the utility model embodiment provides a kind of cable net structure 31, including cable net structure body 311 and Be slidably connected mechanism 312;Wherein,
Cable net structure body 311, multiple longitudinal direction ropes 3112, horizontal rope 3111 cross one another and connect and compose cable net structure body 311, the inside of the multiple network structures 313 flexible part 3131 of device of above-mentioned cable net structure body 311;
Be slidably connected mechanism 312, by the machine of being slidably connected at above-mentioned longitudinal rope 3112, the interconnection of horizontal rope 3111 Structure 312 is connected, so that cable net structure body 311 can be made to produce the deformation to prevent in the presence of the tension of air film building structure 33 Fracture.
It follows that being disappeared by elastic component 3131 inside the network structure 313 of the cable net structure body 311 of the present embodiment Except tension, the tension between horizontal rope 3111 and longitudinal rope 3112 is eliminated by being slidably connected mechanism 312, it is to avoid air film Building structure 33 produces deformation to be even broken.
More specifically, a variety of implementation methods below for cable net structure in the present embodiment 31 are retouched in detail State.
Preferably, in order to prevent cable net structure 31 from getting rusty, waterproof layer is equipped with above-mentioned cable net structure body 311.Rope net The material that structure 31 is selected is generally iron and steel material quality, is often exposed in air, after heavy rain, gets rusty easily, therefore, in rope net Waterproof layer is covered in structural body 311, prevents it from corrosion occurring or gets rusty.
Specifically, the above-mentioned mechanism 312 that is slidably connected is for pulley.
Herein it should be noted that be slidably connected mechanism 312 for pulley only as it is a kind of preferred embodiment, can be with Using other mechanisms, just do not repeat herein.
Specifically, above-mentioned elastic component 3131 includes the first elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 arranged in a crossed manner, Equal device has the first elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 in each above-mentioned network structure 313.
During practical application, in same network structure 313, the above-mentioned two ends of first elastic component 31311 with the phase of horizontal rope 3111 Even.
During practical application, in same network structure 313, the above-mentioned two ends of second elastic component 31312 with the phase of longitudinal rope 3112 Even.
Specifically, the elastic component 31312 of above-mentioned first elastic component 31311 and second is spring.
For cable net structure 31, when the transfixion of cable net structure 31 or not by the case of external force, first is elastic The elastic component 31312 of part 31311 and second is in the raw;External force is acted on when on air film building structure 33, netted knot Structure 313 receives crimp, and its first internal elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 are compressed by external force effect The stress of deformation, the first elastic component 31311 for now deforming and the generation interaction of the inside of the second elastic component 31312 simultaneously will External force is converted into elastic potential energy to its work, and the stress applies reaction force to connected part, to resist outside Active force, tries hard to the position before making the position of the first elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 from after deformation be returned to deformation Put;After external force disappears, the first elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 do work to connected part, are accumulated Elastic potential energy is discharged, and the first elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 are gradually restored.
Herein it should be noted that the first elastic component 31311 and the second elastic component 31312 are spring, only as a kind of For example, other elastic components 3131 can also be selected, just do not repeat herein.
As shown in figure 4, the utility model also provides a kind of jacking membrane structure 30, including above-mentioned cable net structure 31, also wrap Air film building structure 33 is included, the device of above-mentioned air film building structure 33 is on the top of cable net structure 31.
A kind of emerging construction material of membrane material, has been acknowledged as the after brick, stone, concrete, steel and timber the " the 6th Plant construction material ".Membrane material can not be pressurized in itself can not bending resistance, so it is appropriate membrane structure normal work is just must be introduced into Pretension.In addition, it is ensured that another essential condition of the normal work of air film building structure 33 seeks to form anticlastic surface.Pass Deformation of the system structure in order to reduce structure must just increase the drag of structure;And air film building structure 33 be by change shape come Dispersion load, so as to obtain what minimum internal force increased.When deformation occurs near equilbrium position in air film building structure 33, can produce Raw two kinds of restoring forces:One is caused by geometry deformation;Another is caused by material strain.Usual geometric stiffness than Elastic stiffness is much bigger, so to make each diaphragm have good rigidity, just should try one's best to form negative gauss curved surface, i.e., along right Angular direction is formed " high point " and " low spot " respectively." high point " is typically what is provided by supporting structure 32, therefore, on some documents Also jacking membrane structure 30 is called suspended membrane structure.Cable net structure 31 as air film building structure 33 elastic boundary, by air film Building structure 33 is divided into a series of diaphragms, so as to reduce the free end bearing length of air film building structure 33, makes film surface It is more likely formed larger curvature.There is document to point out, the free end bearing length of air film building structure 33 is no more than 15 meters, and monolithic The area coverage of film is not preferably greater than 500 square meters.Additionally, another important function of cable net structure 31 is exactly that mast etc. is supported to tie Structure 32 provides additional support, thus ensure will not because the breakage of air film building structure 33 and caused by supporting structure 32 collapse.
Jacking membrane structure 30, is by the tension stress of itself of air film building structure 33 and supporting structure 32 and cable net structure 31 collectively form institution system.Jacking membrane structure 30 be particularly suitable for for build urban landmark building roof, such as physical culture with Recreational venue, need to there is market, dining room of demonstration effect etc..The transport hub in city is the key building of city lifeblood, is made Mark with each component units of functional requirement building is clear and definite.This kind of more and more use membrane structures of building.Building film material material Service life is more than 25 years.Tracking and testing is loaded and the experiment for accelerating climate change with material, it was demonstrated that its membrane material Mechanical property have dropped 20% to 30% with chemical stability index, but still can normally use.The top layer of film is smooth, with bullet Property, the particulate of dust, chemical substance in air is extremely difficult to adhere and infiltration, and it is original to recover its through rainwash building film Cleaning surface layer and translucency.
More specifically, all parts below for air film spray equipment in the present embodiment are described in detail.
For the integrality of structure, also including supporting structure 32, the device of above-mentioned supporting structure 32 is in above-mentioned cable net structure 31 Bottom.
For supporting structure 32, most preferably, above-mentioned supporting structure 32 is mast.
Because the annexation of air film building structure 33, supporting structure 32 and cable net structure 31 in jacking membrane structure 30 is made For prior art has been disclosed, just do not repeat herein.
To sum up, the utility model provides a kind of cable net structure 31 and jacking membrane structure 30, by setting elastic component 3131 With the mechanism 312 that is slidably connected, simple structure is served, eliminate the effect of tension.For prior art, the cable net structure 31 And jacking membrane structure 30 has the advantage that huge, following several respects are embodied in:
First, the elastic component 3131 and cable net structure body 311 inside the network structure 313 of the cable net structure 31 are direct Be slidably connected mechanism 312, can make cable net structure body 311 in the drawing of pneumatic membrane building in many different forms Deformation is produced in the presence of stress, preferably disperses the tension of pneumatic membrane building, it is to avoid air film is broken.
2nd, the surface of the cable net structure 31 is equipped with waterproof layer, is prevented from cable net structure 31 and is corroded, and gets rusty.
3rd, the light weight of jacking membrane structure 30, have a wide range of application, membrane structure normal work can be made and introduce appropriate pre- Tension force.
4th, the jacking membrane structure 30 uses supporting structure 32 as support, when air film building structure 33 is attached in equilbrium position During nearly appearance deformation, two kinds of restoring forces can be produced:One is caused by geometry deformation;Another is caused by material strain 's.Usual geometric stiffness is more much bigger than elastic stiffness, so to make each diaphragm have good rigidity, should just try one's best shape Into negative gauss curved surface, i.e., " high point " and " low spot " diagonally is formed respectively, and " high point " is typically by supporting structure 32 There is provided.
Above-mentioned setting so that simple structure of the present utility model, using conveniently, various structures, stability is strong.
Finally it should be noted that:Various embodiments above is only used to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model, rather than it is limited System;Although being described in detail to the utility model with reference to foregoing embodiments, one of ordinary skill in the art should Understand:It can still modify to the technical scheme described in foregoing embodiments, or to which part or whole Technical characteristic carries out equivalent;And these modifications or replacement, the essence of appropriate technical solution is departed from this practicality newly The scope of each embodiment technical scheme of type.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of cable net structure, it is characterised in that including:Cable net structure body and the mechanism that is slidably connected;Wherein,
Cable net structure body, multiple longitudinal direction ropes, horizontal rope cross one another and connect and compose cable net structure body, the cable net structure sheet Multiple network structures inside flexible part of device of body;
Be slidably connected mechanism, is connected by the mechanism that is slidably connected at longitudinal rope, the interconnection of horizontal rope, that can make Cable net structure body produced in the presence of the tension of pneumatic membrane building deformation prevent fracture.
2. cable net structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be equipped with waterproof layer on the cable net structure body.
3. cable net structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the mechanism that is slidably connected is for pulley.
4. cable net structure according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the elastic component includes the first elasticity arranged in a crossed manner Part and the second elastic component, equal device has the first elastic component and the second elastic component in each described network structure.
5. cable net structure according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in same network structure, first elastic component two End with horizontal Suo Xianglian.
6. cable net structure according to claim 4, it is characterised in that in same network structure, second elastic component two End with longitudinal Suo Xianglian.
7. cable net structure according to claim 4, it is characterised in that first elastic component and the second elastic component are bullet Spring.
8. a kind of jacking membrane structure, it is characterised in that including the cable net structure as described in claim any one of 1-7, also include Air film building structure, the air film building structure device is on cable net structure top.
9. jacking membrane structure according to claim 8, it is characterised in that also including supporting structure, the supporting structure dress Put in the bottom of the cable net structure.
10. jacking membrane structure according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the supporting structure is mast.
CN201621280246.XU 2016-11-25 2016-11-25 Cable net structure and jacking membrane structure Active CN206267303U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN206267303U true CN206267303U (en) 2017-06-20

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110295701A (en) * 2018-03-24 2019-10-01 山东建筑大学 A kind of quadrangular plan projection monolayer cable net structure with external balance rope
CN113309226A (en) * 2021-06-03 2021-08-27 东北电力大学 Main cable embedded type oblique cross cable net air film structure

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110295701A (en) * 2018-03-24 2019-10-01 山东建筑大学 A kind of quadrangular plan projection monolayer cable net structure with external balance rope
CN113309226A (en) * 2021-06-03 2021-08-27 东北电力大学 Main cable embedded type oblique cross cable net air film structure
CN113309226B (en) * 2021-06-03 2022-01-28 东北电力大学 Main cable embedded type oblique cross cable net air film structure

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