CN206161616U - Detect solid -state bulk material container wall damage's of splendid attire device - Google Patents

Detect solid -state bulk material container wall damage's of splendid attire device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206161616U
CN206161616U CN201621116708.4U CN201621116708U CN206161616U CN 206161616 U CN206161616 U CN 206161616U CN 201621116708 U CN201621116708 U CN 201621116708U CN 206161616 U CN206161616 U CN 206161616U
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China
Prior art keywords
sensor
bulk material
material container
solid
container wall
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CN201621116708.4U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗建文
陈永强
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Changsha Kaiyuan Instruments Co Ltd
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Changsha Kaiyuan Instruments Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201621116708.4U priority Critical patent/CN206161616U/en
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Abstract

The utility model provides a detect solid -state bulk material container wall damage's of splendid attire device, include: locate the sensor of the below of easy damaged container wall, the sensor is according to the change of the volume of the material sensed and change the analog quantity parameter, with the sensor links to each other in order to receive and the conversion the processing circuit of sensor simulation volume parameter, with the treater that processing circuit links to each other is used for receiving and handling the signal of processing circuit output, with the alarm unit that the treater links to each other. The utility model discloses structure and connected mode are simple, and the adjustment mode is nimble.

Description

A kind of detection contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall
Technical field
This utility model is related to technical field of nondestructive testing, and more particularly, to a kind of detection solid-state loose unpacked material is contained The damaged device of chamber wall.
Background technology
At present, in some industrial field devices, due to measurement or other reasonses, some area of container of material is contained It is relatively thin that domain is done, and material passes in and out container repeatedly, can produce abrasion to chamber wall, or because other reasonses cause some regions of container Occur damaged.After chamber wall breakage, the material in container can be leaked, and may result in equipment cisco unity malfunction or increase Cargo handling operation.Therefore, it is necessary to carry out real-time detection to the breakage of chamber wall, to detect breakage after, can and Shi Jinhang is safeguarded and is processed work.
At present, there are some monitoring devices that real-time monitoring can be carried out to the breakage of container or casing, but generally need Make some in itself to container or casing to anticipate.In the Chinese invention patent application of Application No. CN200510036731.2 A kind of cracking of container shell detection device, detection monitoring system and method are disclosed, by by including including reticulation circuit Tablet is combined six inner surfacies for being fixed on container with sheet material, forms the whole monitoring network of a box;Work as container The hexahedro fissure cavity for certain area occur or when there is strip crack, causes the reticulation circuit on tablet to disconnect, and causes voltage Or electric current changes, so as to monitored circuit probe is arrived.
The device can carry out effective real-time monitoring to the breakage of container body, but, this kind of detection device is not Only need to carry out more complicated pretreatment to container, and cost is expensive.Also, when container occurs rupture or damaged condition When, the damage of detection device itself is also resulted in, increase later stage process workload.
In Chinese utility model patent CN201824360U, whether damaged the material that a kind of inspecting manipuator lifts is disclosed System.The system is by first lifting deposited on materials metal membrane line, then the metal vacuum pad of inspecting manipuator and lifts Whether form signal circuit between metal membrane line on material to determine whether lift material damaged.The system needs lifting Deposited on materials metal membrane line forms electric loop with the metal vacuum pad of mechanical hand, and deposited metal thin film needs setting for specialty It is standby, implement cumbersome.Meanwhile, in some application scenarios, it is impossible to which the article to detecting whether breakage does pretreatment.
Utility model content
To overcome the problems referred to above or solving the above problems at least in part, a kind of simple structure of this utility model offer, And can the damaged device of real-time detection splendid attire solid-state bulk material container wall.
According to one side of the present utility model, there is provided a kind of detection contains the damaged dress of solid-state bulk material container wall Put, it includes:
Located at the sensor of the lower section of cracky chamber wall, the sensor according to the change of the amount of the material for sensing and Change analog quantity parameter;
It is connected with the sensor and for receiving and changing the signal processing circuit of the sensor die analog quantity parameter;
The processor being connected with the signal processing circuit, to receive and processes the letter of signal processing circuit output Number;
The alarm unit being connected with the processor.
On the basis of such scheme, the sensor is on the outer face of the cracky chamber wall place chamber wall Or near the position of the chamber wall.
On the basis of such scheme, the lower section of cracky chamber wall is at least provided with a sensor.
On the basis of such scheme, at least one position of the outside vessel wall is provided with the sensor, according to The specification and service condition of container, in good time the setting quantity of adjustment sensor, enhances the suitability.
On the basis of such scheme, signal processing circuit connection at least corresponding with sensor, according to sensing The facilities of device, the specification of container and field condition, adjust the setting feelings of signal processing circuit, processor and alarm unit Condition, adjustment mode is flexible.
On the basis of such scheme, the signal processing circuit is a/d converter or comparator.
On the basis of such scheme, the processor is single-chip microcomputer, Programmable logical controller circuit, Digital Signal Processing Device, CPLD, field programmable logic array or microprocessor.
On the basis of such scheme, the alarm unit is acoustic alarm system or light alarm system.
A kind of detection that the application is proposed contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, the main body of its advantage In terms of now following:
(1) part needed for the detection means is few, and structure and connected mode are simple;
(2) sensor is directly arranged at the lower section of cracky chamber wall, real-time detection, simple installation is realized, and is not required to Pretreatment is carried out to tested xylometer, while the breakage of chamber wall is not result in the damage of detection means;
(3) according to the specification and service condition of container, sensor, signal processing circuit, processor and warning are adjusted in good time The facilities of unit, enhance its suitability, and adjustment mode is flexible;
(4) signal processing circuit and processor are suitable for the device or control unit of number of different types;
(5) alarm unit can be set to sound or light warning system according to practical situation, strengthen its suitability.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the knot that the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall is contained according to a kind of detection of this utility model embodiment Structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the letter that the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall is contained according to a kind of detection of this utility model embodiment Number process chart.
Specific embodiment
With reference to the accompanying drawings and examples, specific embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Below Embodiment is used to illustrate this utility model, but is not limited to scope of the present utility model.
Shown in Figure 1, a kind of detection contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, including sensor 3, sensing Device 3 is arranged at the lower section of cracky chamber wall 7.Sensor 3 accordingly changes analog quantity according to the change of the inventory for sensing Parameter.
Sensor 3 is directly arranged at the lower section of cracky chamber wall 7, it is not necessary to make any pretreatment, installation side to container Formula is easy.Also, when breakage occurs in chamber wall 2, sensor 3 can't be caused to damage.
When breakage occurs in cracky chamber wall 7, the material contained in container 1 is leaked, the thing that sensor 3 is sensed The amount of material changes, so that the analog quantity parameter of the output of sensor 3 changes, sensor 3 joins the analog quantity for changing Number output is to next control unit.
Sensor 3 connects a signal processing circuit 4.Signal processing circuit 4 receives the analog quantity parameter of the output of sensor 3, By the sensor die analog quantity Parameters Transformation is for digital quantity parameter and exports.The signal processing circuit 4 is a/d converter or comparator.
Signal processing circuit 4 connects a processor 5.The digital quantity that processor 5 is received and process signal process circuit 4 is exported Parameter.Processor 5 receives signal processing circuit 4 and exports according to the type preset threshold value of signal processing circuit 4, processor 5 Digital quantity parameter, and the digital quantity parameter is compared with threshold value set in advance, judge that chamber wall whether there is accordingly It is damaged.
If there is no breakage, the output normal signal of processor 5;When there is breakage, processor 5 is exported accordingly Abnormal signal.Processor 5 is single-chip microcomputer, Programmable logical controller circuit, digital signal processor, complicated programmable logic device Part, field programmable logic array or microcontroller.
Processor 5 connects an alarm unit 6.The abnormal signal of the output of 6 receiving processor of alarm unit 5, and send warning Signal.Alarm signal can as needed be set as acoustic alarm signal or visual alarm, and accordingly be set to alarm unit Corresponding acoustic alarm system or light alarm system.
In one embodiment, sensor is arranged at the lower section of cracky chamber wall, and positioned at the outside of chamber wall.
Further, sensor is arranged at the chamber wall bottom below cracky chamber wall, or, sensor is arranged at fragile The lower section of chamber wall is damaged, but is not set on the wall.
In another embodiment, when the cracky region of chamber wall is larger, at least set in the lower section of cracky chamber wall Put a sensor.
Further, it is each when the cracky region having on the chamber wall of container more than at two and when being distributed in diverse location At least one sensor is correspondingly arranged below place's cracky chamber wall.
According to the specification and service condition of the container for containing solid-state loose unpacked material, the setting feelings of sensor can be in good time adjusted Condition, and extra pretreatment need not be carried out, enhance the suitability.
Further, when multiple sensors are provided with according to practical situation, each sensor is correspondingly arranged respectively a letter Number process circuit, or, multiple sensors are connected with same signal processing circuit.
According to containers size, service condition and site environment, signal processing circuit that in good time adjustment matches with sensor, The facilities of single-chip microcomputer and alarm unit, adjustment mode is flexible.
In another embodiment, signal processing circuit 4 adopts a/d converter, processor 5 to adopt single-chip microcomputer.A/d converter The analog quantity parameter that sensor 3 is exported is converted to into digital quantity parameter and the digital quantity that will be input into single-chip microcomputer, single-chip microcomputer is exported Parameter compares with the threshold value of setting, so as to judge whether cracky chamber wall 7 is damaged.
When cracky chamber wall 7 is without breakage, the amount of the material that sensor 3 is sensed is not changed in, and sensor 3 is exported Analog quantity parameter keep constant, for example parameter is 0V, and a/d converter is input to the value of single-chip microcomputer also into 0 after changing, single-chip microcomputer A threshold value is preset with, such as threshold value is set to 6, then the digital quantity parameter of a/d converter output is less than the threshold value that single-chip microcomputer is arranged, monolithic Machine judges cracky chamber wall 7 without breakage.
When cracky chamber wall 7 is damaged, loose unpacked material passes through to be leaked where breakage, what sensor 3 was sensed The amount of material changes, and the analog quantity parameter of the output of sensor 3 will change, for example, be changed into 4V, analog quantity parameter Jing AD Transducer is changed, such as be changed into 8 after changing, and has now exceeded the threshold value of single-chip microcomputer setting, and single-chip microcomputer judges that cracky holds Wall 7 is damaged, causes material to be revealed, and by output abnormality signal to alarm unit 6, alarm unit 6 sends alarm signal, carries Show that staff carries out maintenance process.
In another embodiment, signal processing circuit 4 adopts comparator, processor 5 to adopt programmable logic controller (PLC). The analog quantity parameter of the output of sensor 3 is input to one end of comparator, and the voltage of the fixation of another termination one of comparator for example sets For 10V, two ends relatively after result export to the input of programmable logic controller (PLC), programmable logic controller (PLC) is according to input Level logic height with setting threshold value compare, so as to judge whether cracky chamber wall 7 damaged.
When cracky chamber wall 7 is without breakage, the amount of the material that sensor 3 is sensed does not change, its output Analog quantity parameter keep constant, for example, 0V, comparator be input to more afterwards programmable logic controller (PLC) value be 0;Can compile Journey logic controller presets a threshold value, for example, be set to 1, and now, the digital quantity parameter of comparator output is less than FPGA The threshold value of controller, is judged to cracky chamber wall 7 without breakage.
When cracky chamber wall 7 is damaged, loose unpacked material passes through to be revealed where breakage, what sensor 3 was sensed The amount of material changes, and causes the analog quantity parameter that sensor 3 is exported to change, for example, be changed into 12V, Jing comparators ratio The value of programmable logic controller (PLC) is input to after relatively changing also will change, for example, be changed into 1, now, reach programmable patrolling The threshold value of controller setting is collected, programmable logic controller (PLC) judges that cracky chamber wall 7 is damaged, causes material to be revealed, will To alarm unit 6, alarm unit 6 sends alarm signal to output abnormality signal, points out staff to carry out maintenance process.
Shown in Figure 2, detection contains the signal processing stream of the damaged device real-time detection of solid-state bulk material container wall Cheng Wei:Sensor 3 located at the lower section of cracky chamber wall 7 exports the analog quantity parameter for detecting to signal processing circuit 4, letter Number process circuit 4 receives the analog quantity parameter of the output of sensor 3, and the analog quantity parameter is converted to after digital quantity parameter, defeated Go out to processor 5, processor 5 receives the digital quantity parameter, and is compared with default threshold value, judges the damaged feelings of chamber wall Condition, if without breakage, exporting normal signal, if damaged, output abnormality signal to alarm unit 6, alarm unit 6 occurs in chamber wall Alarm signal is sent, points out staff to carry out maintenance process.
Finally, the present processes are only preferably embodiment, are not intended to limit protection domain of the present utility model. It is all it is of the present utility model spirit and principle within, any modification, equivalent substitution and improvements made etc. should be included in this reality Within new protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of detection contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that it includes:
Located at the sensor (3) of the lower section of cracky chamber wall (7), the sensor (3) is according to the amount of the material for sensing Change and change analog quantity parameter;
It is connected to receive and changes the signal processing circuit (4) of the sensor die analog quantity parameter with the sensor (3);
The processor (5) being connected with the signal processing circuit (4), to receive and to process the signal processing circuit (4) defeated The signal for going out;
The alarm unit (6) being connected with the processor (5).
2. a kind of detection as claimed in claim 1 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:The biography Sensor (3) is on the outer face of the cracky chamber wall (7) place chamber wall (2) or near the chamber wall (2) outer end The position in face.
3. as a kind of detection of claim 1 or 2 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:Institute The lower section of cracky chamber wall (7) is stated at least provided with a sensor (3).
4. a kind of detection as claimed in claim 3 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:The appearance At least one position of wall (2) outside is provided with the sensor (3).
5. a kind of detection as claimed in claim 4 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:The letter The connection at least corresponding with sensor (3) of number process circuit (4).
6. a kind of detection as claimed in claim 1 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:The letter Number process circuit (4) is a/d converter or comparator.
7. a kind of detection as claimed in claim 1 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:The place Reason device (5) is single-chip microcomputer, Programmable logical controller circuit, digital signal processor, CPLD, scene can compile Journey logic array or microprocessor.
8. a kind of detection as claimed in claim 1 contains the damaged device of solid-state bulk material container wall, it is characterised in that:The report Alert unit (6) is acoustic alarm system or light alarm system.
CN201621116708.4U 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Detect solid -state bulk material container wall damage's of splendid attire device Active CN206161616U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621116708.4U CN206161616U (en) 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Detect solid -state bulk material container wall damage's of splendid attire device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201621116708.4U CN206161616U (en) 2016-10-12 2016-10-12 Detect solid -state bulk material container wall damage's of splendid attire device

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116560344A (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-08-08 国网甘肃省电力公司临夏供电公司 Cloud platform-based remote fault diagnosis system for power grid equipment

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN116560344A (en) * 2023-06-05 2023-08-08 国网甘肃省电力公司临夏供电公司 Cloud platform-based remote fault diagnosis system for power grid equipment

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Effective date of registration: 20190627

Address after: 410100 Xingsha Industrial Base (Changlong Street), Changsha Economic and Technological Development Zone, Changsha City, Hunan Province, No. 1259, Liangtang East Road

Patentee after: Kaiyuan Instrument Co., Ltd., Changsha

Address before: 410100 No. 172 Kaiyuan Road, Changsha economic and Technological Development Zone, Changsha, Hunan

Patentee before: Changsha Kaiyuan Instruments Co., Ltd.