CN205983069U - Vehicle control unit and new energy automobile - Google Patents

Vehicle control unit and new energy automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205983069U
CN205983069U CN201620627094.XU CN201620627094U CN205983069U CN 205983069 U CN205983069 U CN 205983069U CN 201620627094 U CN201620627094 U CN 201620627094U CN 205983069 U CN205983069 U CN 205983069U
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China
Prior art keywords
circuit
main control
interface
control circuit
entire car
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CN201620627094.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
潘宇
黄彬
闫永亮
赵海
徐会杰
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Borgward Automotive China Co Ltd
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Borgward Automotive China Co Ltd
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Abstract

The embodiment of the utility model discloses vehicle control unit and new energy automobile. Wherein, vehicle control unit includes: core basic function unit, core basic function unit is equipped with expansion interface, the extended functionality unit, the extended functionality unit with expansion interface detachable connects. The embodiment of the utility model provides a through disposing and expand vehicle control unit, can compatible multiple motorcycle type, be applicable to the different research and development stages, and can do not cause the increase of vehicle control unit volume and the waste of resource.

Description

Entire car controller and new-energy automobile
Technical field
This utility model belongs to field of automobile control, more particularly to a kind of entire car controller and new-energy automobile.
Background technology
New-energy automobile has become as the main flow direction of development of automobile industry, entire car controller (VCU, Vehicle Control Unit) it is the core electron control unit that new-energy automobile realizes full-vehicle control decision-making, it is mainly responsible for association's motor The work of each part such as controller and battery management system, the economy of raising automobile, dynamic property, safety are simultaneously dropped oligosaprobic Discharge.
In actual development, different automobile types are not for controller in order to meet new-energy automobile for existing entire car controller Same demand, and the different demands that may exist in different development with a vehicle, are often designed with many redundancies Function, the software and hardware that these are solidificated in redundancy in entire car controller causes the increase of entire car controller volume and the wave of resource Take.
Utility model content
This utility model embodiment technical problem to be solved is:A kind of entire car controller and new forms of energy vapour are provided Car, by being configured to entire car controller and being extended, can compatible various it is adaptable to different development, and not The increase of entire car controller volume and the waste of resource can be caused.
According to the one side of this utility model embodiment, provide a kind of entire car controller, including:
Core basic functional units, described core basic functional units are provided with expansion interface;
Expanded function unit, the dismountable connection with described expansion interface of described expanded function unit.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described core basic functional units include:Main control Circuit, described main control circuit is provided with spare interface, and described main control circuit passes through described spare interface and described expansion interface Connect.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described core basic functional units also include:
CAN telecommunication circuit, described CAN telecommunication circuit is connected with described main control circuit, realizes described master control Circuit processed and the communication of CAN;
Digital input circuit, described digital input circuit is connected with described main control circuit, by the various numbers of input Word switch signal is transformed to the digital signal that described main control circuit is capable of identify that and processes;
Simulated measurement input circuit, described simulated measurement input circuit is connected with described main control circuit, by the various moulds of input Intend signal and be transformed to the signal that described main control circuit is capable of identify that and processes;
Drive output circuit, described driving output circuit is connected with described main control circuit, defeated to described main control circuit The signal going out carries out power amplification and control instruction that described main control circuit is sent enters row decoding, be changed into can drive each Plant high current or the voltage signal of executive component;
Voltage conversion circuit, described voltage conversion circuit and described main control circuit, described CAN telecommunication circuit, institute State digital input circuit, described simulated measurement input circuit, described driving output circuit and described expansion interface to connect, will be derived from The voltage conversion of Vehicular accumulator cell is the voltage needed for described entire car controller, provides electric energy for described entire car controller.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described CAN telecommunication circuit includes:Information CAN Bus communication circuitry and power CAN telecommunication circuit.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described driving output circuit includes:Flash drives electricity Road, low side drive circuit and bridge switch drive circuit.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, the described spare interface that described main control circuit is provided with Including:Reserved CAN communication interface, reserved LIN bus communication interface, reserved A/D translation interface, reserved SPI Interface and reserved digital I/O interface are at least one.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described expanded function unit includes following expanded circuit At least one:
Voltage conversion expanded circuit, described voltage conversion expanded circuit is by described expansion interface and described voltage conversion electricity Road connects, and the voltage conversion from Vehicular accumulator cell is the voltage that described voltage conversion circuit can be changed;
CAN transmission circuit, described CAN transmission circuit passes through the CAN that described expansion interface is reserved with described main control circuit Bus communication interface connects, and increases the communication interface of described main control circuit and CAN;
LIN transmission circuit, described LIN transmission circuit passes through the LIN that described expansion interface is reserved with described main control circuit Bus communication interface connects, the communication of compatible described main control circuit and LIN bus;
D/A output circuit, described D/A output circuit passes through the expansion interface A/D conversion reserved with described governor circuit and connects Mouth connects, and the digital signal of described governor circuit output is converted to analog signal output;
I/O expanded circuit, described I/O expanded circuit is connected with described expansion interface, and passes through described expansion interface and institute State the reserved digital I/O interface of main control circuit to connect, or reserved by described expansion interface and described main control circuit SPI interface connects, and extends the digital I/O interface of described entire car controller;
Drive out-expander, it is pre- with described governor circuit that described driving out-expander passes through described expansion interface The SPI interface staying connects, and realizes the extension driving output to entire car controller.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described driving out-expander includes:Flash drives Galvanic electricity road and low side drive circuit.
Based in another embodiment of this utility model said system, described expansion interface is pin hole adapter, described expansion Exhibition functional unit is connected with described pin hole adapter by the connection terminal of wire harness.
According to the other side of this utility model embodiment, provide a kind of new-energy automobile, including:Any of the above-described enforcement Entire car controller described in example.
The entire car controller being provided based on this utility model embodiment and new-energy automobile, adopt core by entire car controller Heart basic functional units and the framework of expanded function unit, can on the basis of Core Feature according to specific demand to car load The function of controller is configured and is extended, make entire car controller can compatible various it is adaptable to different development, Without causing the increase of entire car controller volume and the waste of resource, and the speed of automobile research can be improved, saving is opened Send out cost.
Brief description
Constitute the Description of Drawings of a part the embodiment of the present utility model of description, and be used for together with description Explain principle of the present utility model.
Referring to the drawings, according to detailed description below, this utility model can be more clearly understood from, wherein:
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of one embodiment of this utility model entire car controller.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of one specific embodiment of this utility model entire car controller.
Specific embodiment
To describe various exemplary embodiment of the present utility model now with reference to accompanying drawing in detail.It should be noted that:Unless it is another Illustrate outward, the positioned opposite, numerical expression of the part otherwise illustrating in these embodiments and numerical value do not limit this reality With new scope.
Simultaneously it should be appreciated that for the ease of description, the size of the various pieces shown in accompanying drawing is not according to reality Proportionate relationship draw.
Description only actually at least one exemplary embodiment is illustrative below, never as to this practicality Any restriction that is new and its applying or use.
May be not discussed in detail for technology, method and apparatus known to person of ordinary skill in the relevant, but suitable When in the case of, described technology, method and apparatus should be considered a part for description.
It should be noted that:Similar label and letter represent similar terms in following accompanying drawing, therefore, once a certain Xiang Yi It is defined in individual accompanying drawing, then do not need it is further discussed in subsequent accompanying drawing.
Fig. 1 is the structure chart of one embodiment of this utility model entire car controller.As shown in figure 1, this utility model is implemented The entire car controller of example includes:Core basic functional units and expanded function unit, wherein core basic functional units are provided with expansion Exhibition interface, expanded function unit and the dismountable connection of expansion interface.The full-vehicle control being provided based on this utility model embodiment Device, adopts the framework of core basic functional units and expanded function unit by entire car controller, can be in the base of Core Feature According to specific demand, the function of entire car controller is configured on plinth and extended, make the entire car controller can compatible multiple cars Type, it is adaptable to different development, without causing the increase of entire car controller volume and the waste of resource, and can carry The speed of high automobile research, saves development cost.
Fig. 2 is the structure chart of one specific embodiment of this utility model entire car controller.Pass through one with reference to Fig. 2 to have Body embodiment illustrates to the structure of this utility model entire car controller:
As shown in Fig. 2 core basic functional units include:Main control circuit, main control circuit is provided with spare interface, master control Circuit processed is to be connected with expansion interface by spare interface.Main control circuit can adopt single-chip microcomputer (Microcontroller Unit, MCU).
Further, core basic functional units also include:Voltage conversion circuit, CAN telecommunication circuit, digital quantity are defeated Enter circuit, simulated measurement input circuit and drive output circuit.
Voltage conversion circuit is connected with the other circuit in core basic functional units and expansion interface, will be from vehicle-mounted storage The voltage conversion of battery is the voltage needed for entire car controller, provides electric energy for entire car controller.For example, the electricity of Vehicular accumulator cell The voltage needed for 12V, entire car controller is pressed to be 5V and 3.8V, can be by from Vehicular accumulator cell by voltage conversion circuit 12V powers 5V and 3.8V being converted to needed for entire car controller.
CAN telecommunication circuit is connected with main control circuit, realizes the communication of main control circuit and CAN.Wherein, CAN telecommunication circuit includes:Information CAN telecommunication circuit and power CAN telecommunication circuit, information CAN is also referred to as For low speed CAN, for bodywork system, such as central controlled lock, power window, rearview mirror, room light lamp etc., speed is generally 100kb/s, power CAN is also referred to as high-speed CAN bus, and for drive system, such as control unit of engine, ABS control Unit, air bag control unit, combination instrument etc., speed can reach 500kb/s.
Digital input circuit is connected with main control circuit, by the various digital switch signal of input, such as brake switch Signal, ignition signal, input and output shaft speed sensor signal, air-conditioning request switching signal etc., are transformed to main control circuit energy Enough digital signals identifying and processing.
Simulated measurement input circuit is connected with main control circuit, by the various analogue signals of input, such as brake pedal position Sensor signal, accelerator pedal position sensor signal, temperature sensor signal etc., be transformed to main control circuit be capable of identify that and The signal processing.
Output circuit is driven to be connected with main control circuit, the signal that main control circuit is exported carries out power amplification and right The control instruction that main control circuit sends enters row decoding, is changed into the high current that can drive various executive components or voltage letter Number, drive executive component action.Output circuit is wherein driven to include:Flash drive circuit, low side drive circuit and bridge switch Drive circuit.
As shown in Fig. 2 the spare interface that main control circuit is provided with includes:Reserved CAN communication interface, reserved LIN bus communication interface, reserved A/D translation interface, reserved SPI interface and reserved digital I/O interface.But this practicality is new Type is not limited thereto, in the other embodiments of this utility model entire car controller, the spare interface of main control circuit setting Can be at least one in above-mentioned spare interface.
Further, expanded function unit includes at least one of following expanded circuit:
Voltage conversion expanded circuit, is connected with voltage conversion circuit by expansion interface, and other voltage conversions are voltage The voltage that change-over circuit can be changed.For example, the voltage conversion from 12V Vehicular accumulator cell can be whole by voltage conversion circuit Voltage needed for vehicle controller, the car being 24V when the voltage that entire car controller of the present utility model is applied to Vehicular accumulator cell During type, the 24V from Vehicular accumulator cell can be powered by voltage conversion expanded circuit is converted to voltage conversion circuit and can turn The 12V changing.
CAN transmission circuit, is connected by the CAN communication interface that expansion interface is reserved with main control circuit, in car load When interface quantity that controller is communicated with CAN is inadequate, by configuring CAN transmission circuit, to increase main control circuit total with CAN The communication interface of line.
LIN transmission circuit, is connected by the LIN bus communication interface that expansion interface is reserved with main control circuit, is retaining Have on the car of LIN bus communication, by configuring the communication of LIN transmission circuit compatibility main control circuit and LIN bus.
D/A output circuit, is connected by the A/D translation interface that expansion interface is reserved with governor circuit, can be by master control electricity The digital signal of road output is converted to analog signal output.
I/O expanded circuit, is connected with expansion interface, and is connect by the digital I/O that expansion interface is reserved with main control circuit Mouth connects, or is connected by the SPI interface that expansion interface is reserved with main control circuit, the digital I/O of extension entire car controller Interface, is wherein extended to digital I/O interface by the SPI interface that governor circuit is reserved, can effectively save governor circuit I/O resource.
Drive out-expander, be connected by the SPI interface that described expansion interface is reserved with governor circuit, realize to whole The extension driving output of vehicle controller, makes entire car controller can apply to high current or the vehicle of multi executors demand.Its In, drive out-expander to include:Flash drive circuit and low side drive circuit.
In the present embodiment, expansion interface can adopt pin hole adapter, and expanded function unit is the connection by wire harness Terminal is connected with pin hole adapter, realizes the configuration to entire car controller and extension.
In addition, this utility model embodiment additionally provides a kind of new-energy automobile, it is provided with the whole of any of the above-described embodiment Vehicle controller.
The new-energy automobile being provided based on this utility model embodiment, is provided with any of the above-described embodiment of this utility model Entire car controller, adopts the framework of core basic functional units and expanded function unit by entire car controller, can be in core According to specific demand, the function of entire car controller is configured on the basis of function and extended, make entire car controller simultaneous Hold various it is adaptable to different development, without causing the increase of entire car controller volume and the waste of resource, and And the speed of automobile research can be improved, save development cost.
In this specification, each embodiment is all described by the way of going forward one by one, and what each embodiment stressed is and it The difference of its embodiment, same or analogous part cross-reference between each embodiment.For device embodiment For, because it is substantially corresponding with embodiment of the method, so description is fairly simple, referring to the portion of embodiment of the method in place of correlation Defend oneself bright.
Description of the present utility model is given for the sake of example and description, and is not exhaustively or to incite somebody to action this Utility model is limited to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are obvious for the ordinary skill in the art. Select and description embodiment is in order to principle of the present utility model and practical application are more preferably described, and make the common skill of this area Art personnel are it will be appreciated that this utility model is thus design is suitable to the various embodiments with various modifications of special-purpose.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of entire car controller is it is characterised in that include:
Core basic functional units, described core basic functional units are provided with expansion interface;
Expanded function unit, the dismountable connection with described expansion interface of described expanded function unit.
2. entire car controller according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described core basic functional units include:Master control Circuit processed, described main control circuit is provided with spare interface, and described main control circuit is connect with described extension by described spare interface Mouth connects.
3. entire car controller according to claim 2 is it is characterised in that described core basic functional units also include:
CAN telecommunication circuit, described CAN telecommunication circuit is connected with described main control circuit, realizes described main control electricity Road and the communication of CAN;
Digital input circuit, described digital input circuit is connected with described main control circuit, and the various numerals of input are opened OFF signal is transformed to the digital signal that described main control circuit is capable of identify that and processes;
Simulated measurement input circuit, described simulated measurement input circuit is connected with described main control circuit, by the various simulation letters of input Number it is transformed to the signal that described main control circuit is capable of identify that and processes;
Drive output circuit, described driving output circuit is connected with described main control circuit, to the output of described main control circuit Signal carries out power amplification and control instruction that described main control circuit is sent enters row decoding, is changed into and can drive various holding The high current of units or voltage signal;
Voltage conversion circuit, described voltage conversion circuit and described main control circuit, described CAN telecommunication circuit, described number Word amount input circuit, described simulated measurement input circuit, described driving output circuit and described expansion interface connect, will be from vehicle-mounted The voltage conversion of accumulator is the voltage needed for described entire car controller, provides electric energy for described entire car controller.
4. entire car controller according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that described CAN telecommunication circuit includes:Information CAN telecommunication circuit and power CAN telecommunication circuit.
5. entire car controller according to claim 3 is it is characterised in that described driving output circuit includes:Flash drives Circuit, low side drive circuit and bridge switch drive circuit.
6. entire car controller according to claim 2 it is characterised in that described main control circuit be provided with described reserved Interface includes:Reserved CAN communication interface, reserved LIN bus communication interface, reserved A/D translation interface, reserved SPI interface and reserved digital I/O interface are at least one.
7. entire car controller according to claim 6 is it is characterised in that described expanded function unit includes following extension electricity At least one on road:
Voltage conversion expanded circuit, described voltage conversion expanded circuit passes through described expansion interface with described voltage conversion circuit even Connect, the voltage conversion from Vehicular accumulator cell is the voltage that described voltage conversion circuit can be changed;
CAN transmission circuit, the CAN that described CAN transmission circuit is reserved with described main control circuit by described expansion interface Communication interface connects, and increases the communication interface of described main control circuit and CAN;
LIN transmission circuit, the LIN bus that described LIN transmission circuit is reserved with described main control circuit by described expansion interface Communication interface connects, the communication of compatible described main control circuit and LIN bus;
D/A output circuit, described D/A output circuit passes through the expansion interface A/D translation interface reserved with described governor circuit even Connect, the digital signal of described governor circuit output is converted to analog signal output;
I/O expanded circuit, described I/O expanded circuit is connected with described expansion interface, and by described expansion interface and described master The digital I/O interface that control circuit is reserved connects, or is connect by the SPI that described expansion interface is reserved with described main control circuit Mouth connects, and extends the digital I/O interface of described entire car controller;
Drive out-expander, described driving out-expander is reserved by described expansion interface and described governor circuit SPI interface connects, and realizes the extension driving output to entire car controller.
8. entire car controller according to claim 7 is it is characterised in that described driving out-expander includes:Flash Drive circuit and low side drive circuit.
9. entire car controller according to claim 1 is it is characterised in that described expansion interface is pin hole adapter, described Expanded function unit is connected with described pin hole adapter by the connection terminal of wire harness.
10. a kind of new-energy automobile is it is characterised in that include:Full-vehicle control according to any one of claim 1 to 9 Device.
CN201620627094.XU 2016-06-22 2016-06-22 Vehicle control unit and new energy automobile Active CN205983069U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108008716A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-05-08 浙江飞碟汽车制造有限公司 Portable electric automobile entire car controller detection device and its detection method
CN109164745A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-01-08 郑州轻工业学院 Vehicle-mounted input-output control unit, method and vehicle
CN110539699A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-06 深圳市星砺达科技有限公司 Function expansion device, system and vehicle using function expansion device
CN111017086A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-17 深圳市班玛智行科技有限公司 Intelligent scooter system with expandable functions, system platform and method

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108008716A (en) * 2017-10-24 2018-05-08 浙江飞碟汽车制造有限公司 Portable electric automobile entire car controller detection device and its detection method
CN108008716B (en) * 2017-10-24 2019-07-16 浙江飞碟汽车制造有限公司 Portable electric automobile entire car controller detection device and its detection method
CN109164745A (en) * 2018-11-05 2019-01-08 郑州轻工业学院 Vehicle-mounted input-output control unit, method and vehicle
CN109164745B (en) * 2018-11-05 2020-04-03 郑州轻工业学院 Vehicle-mounted input/output control device and method and vehicle
CN110539699A (en) * 2019-07-30 2019-12-06 深圳市星砺达科技有限公司 Function expansion device, system and vehicle using function expansion device
CN110539699B (en) * 2019-07-30 2020-10-02 深圳市星砺达科技有限公司 Function expansion device, system and vehicle using function expansion device
CN111017086A (en) * 2019-12-04 2020-04-17 深圳市班玛智行科技有限公司 Intelligent scooter system with expandable functions, system platform and method
CN111017086B (en) * 2019-12-04 2021-09-28 深圳市班玛智行科技有限公司 Intelligent scooter system with expandable functions, system platform and method

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