CN205861016U - A kind of wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine - Google Patents

A kind of wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205861016U
CN205861016U CN201620777539.2U CN201620777539U CN205861016U CN 205861016 U CN205861016 U CN 205861016U CN 201620777539 U CN201620777539 U CN 201620777539U CN 205861016 U CN205861016 U CN 205861016U
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wheel
fixed
measurement
plate
cylinder
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胡柯
赵贺生
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Zhengzhou Alex Hua Tian Mechanical And Electrical Equipment Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Alex Hua Tian Mechanical And Electrical Equipment Co Ltd
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Abstract

This utility model relates to a kind of railway locomotive and car wheel-set physical dimension detection device, especially relate to a kind of wheel to axle journal automatic measurement machine, including frame, and the left and right measurement mobile suspension slide unit being arranged in frame, the reverse V-shaped block assembly of left and right measurement and positioning, Y-axis journal measuring device, left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus, axial positioning mechanism is measured in left and right, take turns rising positioner, wheel is to spindle-type decision mechanism, left and right bearing decision mechanism, left and right standard component assembly etc., relative to prior art, this utility model uses contact type measurement mode, when locomotive and car inspection and repair, to non-machined surface, the pardon of the surface roughness of machined surface demonstrates suitable advantage compared with noncontact class metering system, have stronger anti-light, electromagnetic interference capability.

Description

A kind of wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of railway locomotive and car wheel-set physical dimension detection device, especially relates to a kind of wheel To axle journal automatic measurement machine.
Background technology
Car wheel-set is one of important interchange components in car inspection and repair, its diameter of axle, anti-dust seat technical parameter state straight Connect operation and the safety affecting vehicle, check measurement must be given accurately and in time and result is provided.
At present, the method that physical dimension is measured is divided into two big classes:
The first kind is contactless, such as metering systems such as line array CCD imaging, laser displacement sensor, current vortex sensors.
Equations of The Second Kind is contact, such as the metering system such as grating displacement sensor and inductance sensor.
Noncontact class method is advanced, precision is high, has wide application, through investigation it is considered that noncontact class is surveyed Amount mode is when car inspection and repair, due to environmental condition, such as temperature, light, magnetic field, non-machined surface, the rough surface of machined surface Degree difference is big, friction compressive plane and time change in size is big after coordinating surface wear, and its high accuracy, stability, reliability are had a greatly reduced quality, Its superior performance cannot be shown.
And contact type measurement mode is when car inspection and repair, to non-machined surface, the pardon of the surface roughness of machined surface Relatively noncontact class metering system demonstrates suitable advantage, has stronger anti-light electromagnetic interference capability.
The device of journal contact formula detection at present uses lever test arm and point type surveys son, to measurement and positioning required precision The highest, and again with axle journal cylindrical for measurement and positioning benchmark, and journal diameter has bigger tolerance range, just creates measurement and positioning Low precision, thus the certainty of measurement of axle journal is produced the impact of bigger error.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: the measurement of existing axle journal uses lever test arm and point type Surveying son, during measurement, trueness error is relatively big, for solving the problems referred to above, it is provided that a kind of wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved in that
A kind of wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, and including frame, frame is made up of lathe bed base, left and right pillar and entablature, Left and right is measured the mobile slide unit that hangs and is symmetrically arranged on two ends, left and right below entablature, and measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional floating installation is pacified respectively It is loaded on left and right and measures mobile suspension below slide unit;Measurement and positioning reverse V-shaped block assembly in left and right is bolted to measurement portion, left and right three Below dimension floating installation central authorities, Y-axis journal measuring device is bolted below measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional floating installation and a left side The outside of the reverse V-shaped block assembly of right measurement and positioning, left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus is bolted in left and right measurement and positioning reverse V-shaped Inside block assembly;Left and right is measured axial positioning mechanism and is bolted in Y-axis journal measuring device lateral surface;It is fixed to take turns rising It is spacing to rising for wheel that position device is secured by bolts in centre immediately below housiung separator;Spindle-type decision mechanism is fixed by wheel Judge for spindle-type on positioner rising in wheel;Left and right bearing decision mechanism is installed on the left and right pillar side of frame, left Right standard component assembly is installed on two ends, plane left and right on frame lathe bed base, inside left and right pillar, takes turns and pacifies lift assembly It is loaded at the lathe bed base upper central of frame;Take turns bracket assembly and go out wheel mechanism assembly and be installed on above lathe bed base and go out Wheel mechanism assembly both sides;Wheel is installed on wheel on bracket assembly to axial positioning mechanism;Driving means is fixed on wheel to liter by wheel Above fall assembly.
Described measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional floating installation includes upper junction plate, Hanging bolt, tensioner list spring, lower connecting plate, L Type connecting plate;Upper junction plate is fixed by bolts on L-type connecting plate, be vertically connected with plate Hanging bolt be connected, Hanging bolt and Between upper junction plate connecting hole, the reserved gap that adjusts is used for the universal adjustment of lower connecting plate, Hanging bolt and lower connecting plate screw thread Hole is fixed, and tensioner spring housing is vertically connected with plate for tensioner on Hanging bolt, and three-dimensional floating installation is by L-type connecting plate spiral shell Bolt is fixed on slide block and can move up and down, and lower connecting plate in space can be with universal adjustment by the Hanging bolt with gap.
Measurement and positioning reverse V-shaped block assembly in left and right includes upper flat plate, riser, line slideway, slide block, cylinder VI, limited block, V Type block installing plate and V-block, limited block, riser be fixed on upper flat plate, and line slideway and cylinder VI are fixed on riser, V-type Block installing plate is fixed by bolts on slide block and is connected with cylinder VI piston head, and V-block is fixed by bolts under V-type installing plate End, when V-block contact with axle journal cylindrical, compression spring also utilizes lifting bolt and hole for hoist gap to carry out surely automatically adjustment to make V-block and axle journal periphery are combined closely and are reached hi-Fix.
The wheel of described housiung separator bottom center includes pedestal, wheel rolling seat and limited roller, pedestal to rising positioner Being bolted to below housiung separator central authorities, wheel rolling seat is fixed on pedestal lower panel, and limited roller is fixed on by bearing pin On wheel rolling seat.
Described take turns axial direction positioning device, including walk wheel track, one group enter directive wheel and two groups of band V grooved roller, rollers prop up Frame, walks wheel track and is installed on ground across frame lathe bed base, and rolling wheel support is bolted in walking wheel track central authorities, and directive wheel is solid Above rolling wheel support, it is right that band V-groove roller is fixed between wheel track and rolling wheel support to hold up wheel.
Described Y-axis journal measuring device includes that caliper brake measurement structure and specification change mechanism;Specification is changed framework and is included Specification limited block, lifting cylinder, limited block installing plate, little guide rail and spacing pivot pin, caliper brake measurement structure include install transverse slat, Installing riser, telescopic cylinder, line slideway I, line slideway II, measure arm plate and sensor, caliper brake measurement structure is by straight line Guide rail I is bolted on three-dimensional floating installation, installs transverse slat and is fixed on line slideway I slide block, installs riser bolt Being fixed on below installation transverse slat, one group of line slideway II is fastened transversely to install on riser, measures arm plate and is fixed on line slideway On II slide block can transverse shifting, sensor be fixed on measurement arm plate on for axle journal contact type measurement, spacing pivot pin is fixed on Measure arm plate medial surface and be used for measuring traversing spacing;Specification is changed mechanism and is bolted to install by little guide rail and lifting cylinder On riser, limited block installing plate is fixed on little guide rail slide block and is pushed can be run along little guide rail up and down by lifting cylinder, specification Limited block is fixed on limit mounting plate and moves up and down with limit mounting plate, makes sensor traversing to measuring position.
Described left and right standard component assembly, including master body, carrier base, cylinder IV and line slideway, cylinder IV is fixed on On frame lathe bed base, line slideway is fixed on framework pillar medial surface, and carrier base lower end is connected to the piston rod of cylinder IV Head, side face is fixed on straight-line guide rail slide block, and master body is fixed on above support, and master body is used for sensor school Zero-bit, before measuring machine works, cylinder IV pushes master body and is increased to zero check along guide rail and puts, and axle journal, dust guard seat are measured Sensor master body carries out zero check.
Described left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus includes that caliper brake measurement structure, caliper brake measurement structure include two groups of straight lines Guide rail, vertical installing plate, horizontal installing plate, two transverse cylinder, four groups of traversing guide rails, measurement arm plate, sensor and specification change limit Position bearing pin;Specification is changed mechanism and is included that specification changes cylinder, specification changes guide rail, specification changes installing plate, specification changes block;Card Jaw type measurement structure is bolted on three-dimensional floating installation by line slideway, and horizontal installing plate is fixed on and two groups of line slideways On the slide block coordinated, vertical installing plate is bolted to below horizontal installing plate, and four groups of traversing guide rails match two-by-two and are fastened transversely to Install on riser, measure arm plate be fixed on traversing guide rail slide block can transverse shifting, sensor be fixed on measurement arm plate for Measuring dust guard seat diameter contact, specification is changed spacing pivot pin and is fixed on measurement arm plate medial surface for measuring traversing limit Position;Specification is changed mechanism and is bolted on vertical installing plate by specification replacing guide rail and specification replacing cylinder, and specification changes peace Dress plate is fixed on the slide block coordinated with specification replacing guide rail propelling movement of more being taken a breath by specification and can run along guide rail up and down, specification limit Position block is fixed on specification replacing installing plate and moves up and down with specification replacing installing plate, makes sensor traversing to measuring position.
Measurement portion, described left and right axial positioning mechanism, including location-plate and connecting bolt, location-plate is bolted to axle Journal measuring device is installed outside transverse slat, when left and right measure mobile hang slide unit transverse shifting time, location-plate is followed traversing and with wheel Axially position on the basis of axle head.
Described left and right bearing decision mechanism, including installing plate, line slideway, proximity switch, telescopic arm plate and cylinder V;Peace Dress plate is fixed on framework pillar side, line slideway and cylinder V and is bolted on installing plate, telescopic arm plate be fixed on Also being connected with cylinder V piston rod on the slide block that line slideway coordinates, it is the most traversing that cylinder V pushes telescopic arm plate linearly guide rail Judge that whether axle head is with bearing by proximity switch.
Relative to prior art, this utility model uses contact type measurement mode, when locomotive and car inspection and repair, to non- Machined surface, the pardon of surface roughness of machined surface demonstrate suitable advantage compared with noncontact class metering system, have stronger Anti-light, electromagnetic interference capability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is this utility model structural representation.
Fig. 2 is to take turns the structural representation to when measuring.
Fig. 3 is left measurement portion three-dimensional floating installation structural representation.
Fig. 4 is left measurement and positioning reverse V-shaped block assembly schematic diagram.
Fig. 5 is wheel mechanism assembly structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is that wheel is to rotating driving device structural representation.
Fig. 7 is lift assembly structural representation.
Fig. 8 is to take turns rising positioning device structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is that wheel is to axial positioning device structure schematic diagram.
Figure 10 is left shaft neck measurement device structural representation.
Figure 11 is right standard component assembly structure schematic diagram.
Figure 12 is left dust guard seat measurement apparatus structural representation.
Figure 13 is right bearing decision mechanism structural representation.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Fig. 1-Figure 13, a kind of wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, and including frame, frame is stood by lathe bed base, left and right Post and entablature composition.Left and right is measured the mobile slide unit 2,15 that hangs and is symmetrically arranged on two ends, left and right below entablature, and left and right is measured Portion's three-dimensional floating installation 3,14 is respectively arranged in left and right and measures mobile suspension below slide unit 2,15;Reverse V-shaped piece of left and right measurement and positioning Device 6,11 is bolted to below three-dimensional floating installation 3,14 central authorities of measurement portion, left and right, Y-axis journal measuring device 5,12 by Bolt is fixed on below measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional floating installation 3,14 and the outside of the reverse V-shaped block assembly of left and right measurement and positioning 6,11, Left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus 7,10 is bolted below measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional floating installation 3,14 and left and right is measured Position inside reverse V-shaped block assembly 6,11;Left and right is measured axial positioning mechanism 4,13 and is bolted in Y-axis journal measuring device 5, the lateral surface of 12;Take turns and be secured by bolts in immediately below housiung separator centre for wheel to rise to rising positioner 8 Spacing;Spindle-type decision mechanism 9 is fixed on wheel and judges for spindle-type on positioner 8 rising by wheel;Left and right bearing decision mechanism The 18 left and right pillar sides being installed on frame 1, left and right standard component assembly 19,26 is installed on frame 1 lathe bed base about plane Two ends, inside left and right pillar, wheel is installed on the lathe bed base upper central of frame 1 to lift assembly 23, takes turns total to bracket 21 are become to be installed on above lathe bed base with going out wheel mechanism assembly 20 and take turns lift assembly 23 both sides;Wheel is to axial positioning mechanism 22 It is installed on wheel on bracket assembly 21;Driving means 24 is fixed on by wheel takes turns above to lift assembly 23;Everything passes through work Control machine 16 is assigned instruction and provides power by gas circuit assembly 25, and power supply box 17 controls to carry out action executing.
The reverse V-shaped block assembly of left and right measurement and positioning 6,11 positions measurement value on the basis of axle journal cylindrical;
During measurement: be installed on wheel to the wheel on bracket assembly 21 to axial positioning mechanism 22 on the basis of wheel medial surface right Wheel to axially positioning, wheel lift assembly 23 lifted at supporting-roller shaft mid-diameter lifting wheel to wheel to rising positioner 8 Two groups location wheels at;The measuring staff of the left and right bearing decision mechanism 18 being installed on frame 1 left and right pillar side stretches out, on measuring staff Proximity switch judge wheel to two ends whether with bearing, measure when having a bearing and stop, wheel to dropping back to original place, during bearing-free about survey The mobile slide unit 2,15 that hangs of amount is pushed traversing to inner side by cylinder, is installed on the left and right outside Y-axis journal measuring device 5,12 and surveys Amount axial positioning mechanism 4,13 axially positions on the basis of axle stub, then left and right measurement portion three-dimensional floating installation 3,14 Declining under cylinder pushes, the positioning V-shaped block of the reverse V-shaped block assembly of left and right measurement and positioning 6,11 falls and carries out in axle journal periphery upper end Measurement and positioning, left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus 7,10 under cylinder pushes traversing and on the basis of the shaft shoulder by left and right dust excluding plate Carry backup plate in seat measurement apparatus 7,10 axially to position, positioned rear left and right shaft neck measurement device 5,12 and left and right is dust-proof The jaw type of panel seat measurement apparatus 7,10 measures arm contraction under the pulling of cylinder direct band dynamic sensor countershaft neck diameter, dust excluding plate Diameter measurement value.
Described measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional floating installation 3,14 include upper junction plate 28, Hanging bolt 29, tensioner list spring 30, Lower connecting plate 31, L-type connecting plate 32;L-type connecting plate 32 is fixed on left suspension Mobile Slide 27 by one group of sliding-rail sliding, on Connecting plate 28 is fixed by bolts on L-type connecting plate 32, is vertically connected with plate Hanging bolt 29 and is connected, Hanging bolt 29 and upper company Between fishplate bar 28 connecting hole, the reserved gap that adjusts is used for the universal adjustment of lower connecting plate 31, and Hanging bolt 29 and lower connecting plate 31 are used Screwed hole is fixed, and tensioner spring 30 is enclosed within Hanging bolt 29 and is vertically connected with plate for tensioner, and three-dimensional floating installation 40 passes through L-type Connecting plate 32 is fixed by bolts on slide block to descend lower movement, lower connecting plate 31 to pass through the Hanging bolt 29 with gap in space In can be with universal adjustment.
The reverse V-shaped block assembly of left and right measurement and positioning 6,11 includes upper flat plate 39, riser 32, line slideway and slide block 33, cylinder VI 34, limited block 38, V-block install riser 37, V-block 36.Limited block 38, riser 32 are fixed on upper flat plate 39, and straight line is led Rail and slide block 33 and cylinder VI 34 are fixed on riser 32, and V-block is installed riser 37 and is fixed by bolts on slide block and and cylinder VI piston head is connected, and V-block 36 is fixed by bolts to V-block and installs riser 37 lower end, when V-block 36 contacts with axle journal cylindrical Time, compression spring also utilizes lifting bolt and hole for hoist gap to carry out surely automatically to adjust and makes V-block and axle journal periphery closely tie Conjunction reaches hi-Fix.
Described go out wheel mechanism assembly 20 include turning device and cylinder I 43, turning device is by flip-arm 42, mounting seat 44, bearing pin, rear support 41 form, and after being measured, cylinder I 43 promotes the flip-arm 43 bearing pin on rear support 41 to rotate and pushes away Driving wheel rotates out measuring machine to along track bracket road.
Rotating driving device 24 is included supporting seat board 45, two drive shafts 48, bearing, motor 79, gears 47 by described wheel With four driving wheels 46, rotating driving device 24 is installed on by wheel takes turns above to lowering or hoisting gear 26, and driving wheel 46 is friction-driven Wheel.
Described lift assembly 23 includes promoting 55, four guide pin bushings 52 of pedestal and guide rod 53, promoting platform 50, cylinder II 54, Promoting pedestal 55 and be welded on lathe bed base 51 central authorities, four guide pin bushings 52 are installed on lifting pedestal 55 4 jiaos, and four guide rods 53 pass through Guide pin bushing 52 is also fixed on lifting platform 50, and cylinder II 54 is fixed on lifting pedestal 55 by installing plate and is lived by cylinder II 54 Inserting method orchid is fixed on lifting platform 50 lower plane.
The wheel of described entablature 56 bottom center includes pedestal 57, wheel rolling seat 59 and limited roller to rising positioner 8 58, pedestal 57 is bolted to below entablature 56 central authorities of frame 1, and wheel rolling seat 59 is fixed on pedestal 57 lower panel, and four Individual limited roller 58 is fixed on wheel rolling seat 59 by bearing pin.
Described take turns axial direction positioning device 22, enter directive wheel 63 and two groups of band V grooved roller including walking wheel track 60, two groups 62, rolling wheel support 61, walk wheel track 60 and are installed on ground across the lathe bed base 51 of frame 1, and rolling wheel support 61 is bolted In walking wheel track 60 centre, directive wheel 63 is fixed on above rolling wheel support 61, and band V-groove roller 62 is fixed on wheel track 60 and rolling So that picking-up wheel is right between wheel support 61.
Described Y-axis journal measuring device 5,12 include caliper brake measurement structure (include install transverse slat 65, install riser 64, Telescopic cylinder 75, line slideway I 76, line slideway II 74, measure arm plate 73 and sensor 71), specification change mechanism's (specification limit Position block 66, lifting cylinder 69, limited block installing plate 68, little guide rail 70, spacing pivot pin 67 and measurement and positioning V-block 72);Caliper brake Measurement structure is bolted on three-dimensional floating installation 40 by line slideway I 76, installs transverse slat 65 and is fixed on line slideway I 76 On slide block, installing riser 64 and be bolted to install below transverse slat 65, one group of line slideway II 74 is fastened transversely to install and stands On plate 64, measure arm plate 73 be fixed on line slideway II 74 slide block can transverse shifting, sensor 71 be fixed on measurement arm plate 73 Upper for axle journal contact type measurement, it is traversing spacing for measuring that spacing pivot pin 67 is fixed on measurement arm plate 73 medial surface;Specification Changing mechanism to be bolted to install on riser 64 by little guide rail 70 and lifting cylinder 69, limited block installing plate 68 is fixed on little Being pushed can be run along little guide rail 70 up and down by lifting cylinder 69 on guide rail slide block, specification limited block 66 is fixed on limit mounting plate Move up and down with limit mounting plate 68 on 68, change the specification limited block matched when measuring different spindle-type diameters, make sensor 71 is traversing to measuring position.
Described left and right standard component assembly 26,19, including master body 79, carrier base 80, cylinder IV 82 and line slideway 78, Cylinder IV 82 forward flange is fixed by bolts on lathe bed base 51, and line slideway 78 is fixed on framework pillar 77 medial surface, Stand 80 lower end is connected to the piston rod head of cylinder IV 82, and side face is fixed on line slideway 78 slide block, master body 79 are fixed on above carrier base 80, and master body 79 is for sensor zero check, and before measuring machine works, cylinder IV 82 pushes mark Quasi-exemplar 79 linearly guide rail 78 is increased to zero check and puts, and axle journal, dust guard seat are measured sensor master body and carried out school zero Position.
Described left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus 7,10 includes that caliper brake measurement structure (includes two groups of line slideways 89, stands Installing plate 84, horizontal installing plate 85, four groups of traversing guide rails 86 of 83, two transverse cylinder, measurement arm plate 87, sensor 88, specification are more Change spacing bearing pin 93);Specification is changed mechanism and (is included that specification changes cylinder 90, specification changes guide rail 91, specification changes installing plate 92, specification changes block 94);Caliper brake measurement structure is bolted on three-dimensional floating installation 40 by line slideway 89, horizontal peace Dress plate 83 is fixed on two groups of line slideway 89 slide blocks, and vertical installing plate 84 is bolted to below horizontal installing plate 83, and four groups horizontal Shifting guide rail 86 matches two-by-two and is fastened transversely on vertical installing plate 84, and measurement arm plate 87 is fixed on can be horizontal on traversing guide rail 86 slide block Mobile, sensor 88 is fixed on measurement arm plate 87 for dust guard seat contact type measurement, and it is solid that specification changes spacing pivot pin 92 It is used for measuring traversing spacing due to measuring arm plate medial surface;Specification is changed mechanism and is changed guide rail 91 and specification replacing cylinder by specification 90 are bolted on vertical installing plate 84, and specification is changed installing plate 92 and is fixed on specification replacing guide rail 91 slide block by specification more Ventilation cylinder 90 pushes and can run along guide rail up and down, and specification limited block 94 is fixed on specification replacing installing plate 92 and holds with specification more Change installing plate 92 to move up and down, change the specification limited block 94 matched when measuring the dust guard seat diameter of not coaxial type, make sensing Device 88 is traversing to measuring position.
Axial positioning mechanism 4,13 is measured in described left and right, and including location-plate and connecting bolt, location-plate is bolted to Shaft neck measurement device is installed outside transverse slat 65, and when mobile suspension slide unit 2,15 transverse shifting is measured in left and right, horizontal stroke followed by location-plate Move and axially position on the basis of axle head by wheel.
Described left and right bearing decision mechanism 18, including installing plate 96, line slideway 98, proximity switch 95, telescopic arm plate 99, Cylinder V 100;Installing plate 96 is fixed on framework pillar 77 side, line slideway 98 and cylinder V 100 and is bolted to install On plate 96, telescopic arm plate 99 be fixed on the slide block of line slideway and and the piston rod of cylinder V 100 be connected, cylinder V 100 pushes away Send and stretch by proximity switch 95, galianconism plate 99 linearly guide rail 98 is the most traversing judges that whether axle head is with bearing.
Wherein the measuring instrument in measurement apparatus all uses displacement transducer contact type measurement mode.

Claims (10)

1. wheel is to an axle journal automatic measurement machine, and including frame, frame is made up of lathe bed base, left and right pillar and entablature, its It is characterised by: left and right is measured the mobile slide unit that hangs and is symmetrically arranged on two ends, left and right below entablature, and measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional is floated Device is respectively arranged in left and right and measures mobile suspension below slide unit;Measurement and positioning reverse V-shaped block assembly in left and right is bolted to a left side Below three-dimensional floating installation central authorities of right measurement portion, Y-axis journal measuring device is bolted and floats dress in measurement portion, left and right three-dimensional Putting the outside of lower section and the reverse V-shaped block assembly of left and right measurement and positioning, left and right dust guard seat measurement apparatus is bolted to be surveyed in left and right Amount positions inside reverse V-shaped block assembly;Left and right is measured axial positioning mechanism and is bolted in Y-axis journal measuring device lateral surface; It is spacing to rising for wheel that wheel is secured by bolts in centre immediately below housiung separator to rise positioner;Spindle-type is sentenced by wheel Breaking mechanism is fixed on wheel and judges for spindle-type on positioner rising;Left and right bearing decision mechanism is installed on the left and right of frame and stands Post side, left and right standard component assembly is installed on two ends, plane left and right on frame lathe bed base, and inside left and right pillar, wheel is to liter Fall assembly is installed at the lathe bed base upper central of frame;Take turns bracket assembly and go out wheel mechanism assembly and be installed on lathe bed base Above and go out wheel mechanism assembly both sides;Wheel is installed on wheel on bracket assembly to axial positioning mechanism;Driving means is fixed by wheel Above wheel is to lift assembly.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: described measurement portion, left and right three Dimension floating installation includes upper junction plate, Hanging bolt, tensioner list spring, lower connecting plate, L-type connecting plate;Upper junction plate is solid with bolt It is scheduled on L-type connecting plate, is vertically connected with plate Hanging bolt and is connected, reserved adjustment between Hanging bolt and upper junction plate connecting hole Gap is fixed for the universal adjustment of lower connecting plate, Hanging bolt and lower connecting plate screwed hole, and tensioner spring housing is hanging spiral shell Being vertically connected with plate for tensioner on bolt, three-dimensional floating installation is fixed by bolts on slide block to move up and down by L-type connecting plate, Lower connecting plate in space can be with universal adjustment by the Hanging bolt with gap.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: left and right measurement and positioning is reverse V-shaped Block assembly includes upper flat plate, riser, line slideway, slide block, cylinder VI, limited block, V-block installing plate and V-block, limited block, Riser is fixed on upper flat plate, and line slideway and cylinder VI are fixed on riser, and V-block installing plate is fixed by bolts on slide block And be connected with cylinder VI piston head, V-block is fixed by bolts to V-type installing plate lower end, when V-block contacts with axle journal cylindrical Time, compression spring also utilizes lifting bolt and hole for hoist gap to carry out surely automatically to adjust and makes V-block and axle journal periphery closely tie Conjunction reaches hi-Fix.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: in below described housiung separator The wheel of centre includes pedestal, wheel rolling seat and limited roller to rising positioner, and pedestal is bolted under housiung separator central authorities Side, wheel rolling seat is fixed on pedestal lower panel, and limited roller is fixed on wheel rolling seat by bearing pin.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: described take turns axially positioning dress Put, including walking wheel track, one group of entrance directive wheel and two groups of band V grooved roller, rolling wheel supports, walk wheel track and pacify across frame lathe bed base Being loaded on ground, rolling wheel support is bolted in walking wheel track central authorities, and directive wheel is fixed on above rolling wheel support, and band V-groove rolls It is right that wheel is fixed between wheel track and rolling wheel support to hold up wheel.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: described left and right axle journal measurement fills Put and include that caliper brake measurement structure and specification change mechanism;Specification is changed framework and is included specification limited block, lifting cylinder, limited block Installing plate, little guide rail and spacing pivot pin, caliper brake measurement structure includes installing transverse slat, installing riser, telescopic cylinder, line slideway I, line slideway II, measurement arm plate and sensor, caliper brake measurement structure is bolted to the three-dimensional dress that floats by line slideway I Put, transverse slat is installed and is fixed on line slideway I slide block, riser is installed and is bolted to install below transverse slat, one group of straight line Guide rail II is fastened transversely to install on riser, measure arm plate be fixed on line slideway II slide block can transverse shifting, sensor is solid Being scheduled on measurement arm plate for axle journal contact type measurement, spacing pivot pin is fixed on measurement arm plate medial surface for measuring traversing limit Position;Specification is changed mechanism and is bolted to install on riser by little guide rail and lifting cylinder, and limited block installing plate is fixed on little Being pushed can be run along little guide rail up and down by lifting cylinder on guide rail slide block, specification limited block is fixed on limit mounting plate with limit Position installing plate moves up and down, and makes sensor traversing to measuring position.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: described left and right standard component is total Becoming, including master body, carrier base, cylinder IV and line slideway, cylinder IV is fixed on frame lathe bed base, and line slideway is solid Being scheduled on framework pillar medial surface, carrier base lower end is connected to the piston rod head of cylinder IV, and side face is fixed on straight line and leads On rail slide block, master body is fixed on above support, and master body is used for sensor zero check, before measuring machine works, and cylinder IV propelling movement master body is increased to zero check along guide rail and puts, and axle journal, dust guard seat are measured sensor master body and carried out school zero Position.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: described left and right dust guard seat is surveyed Amount device include caliper brake measurement structure, caliper brake measurement structure include two groups of line slideways, vertical installing plate, horizontal installing plate, two Individual transverse cylinder, four groups of traversing guide rails, measurement arm plate, sensor and specification change spacing bearing pin;Specification is changed mechanism and is included rule Lattice change cylinder, specification changes guide rail, specification changes installing plate, specification changes block;Caliper brake measurement structure is used by line slideway Bolt is fixed on three-dimensional floating installation, and horizontal installing plate is fixed on the slide block coordinated with two groups of line slideways, and vertical installing plate is used Bolt is fixed on below horizontal installing plate, and four groups of traversing guide rails match two-by-two and are fastened transversely to install on riser, measure arm plate and fix On traversing guide rail slide block can transverse shifting, sensor be fixed on measurement arm plate on for dust guard seat diameter contact survey Amount, it is traversing spacing for measuring that the specification spacing pivot pin of replacing is fixed on measurement arm plate medial surface;Specification changes mechanism by specification more Changing guide rail and specification is changed cylinder and is bolted on vertical installing plate, specification is changed installing plate and is fixed on and specification replacing guide rail Propelling movement of more being taken a breath by specification on the slide block coordinated can run along guide rail up and down, and specification limited block is fixed on specification and changes installing plate On with specification change installing plate move up and down, make sensor traversing to measuring position.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: measurement portion, described left and right is axial Detent mechanism, including location-plate and connecting bolt, location-plate is bolted to shaft neck measurement device and installs outside transverse slat, works as a left side During right measurement mobile suspension slide unit transverse shifting, location-plate is followed traversing and axially positions on the basis of axle head by wheel.
A kind of wheel the most according to claim 1 is to axle journal automatic measurement machine, it is characterised in that: described left and right bearing judges Mechanism, including installing plate, line slideway, proximity switch, telescopic arm plate and cylinder V;Installing plate is fixed on framework pillar side, Line slideway and cylinder V are bolted on installing plate, telescopic arm plate be fixed on the slide block coordinated with line slideway and and Cylinder V piston rod is connected, and cylinder V pushes by proximity switch, telescopic arm plate linearly guide rail is the most traversing judges that axle head is No with bearing.
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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108225248A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-29 柳州科路测量仪器有限责任公司 Railway freight car wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine
CN110398218A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-11-01 郑州铁总智能科技有限公司 A kind of automatically scanning mapping system
CN112362016A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-12 中国航空工业集团公司北京航空精密机械研究所 Measuring device and method for measuring diameter of axle neck of wheel set and diameter of dust-proof plate seat of wheel set

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108225248A (en) * 2017-12-19 2018-06-29 柳州科路测量仪器有限责任公司 Railway freight car wheel is to axle journal automatic measurement machine
CN110398218A (en) * 2019-08-01 2019-11-01 郑州铁总智能科技有限公司 A kind of automatically scanning mapping system
CN112362016A (en) * 2020-10-30 2021-02-12 中国航空工业集团公司北京航空精密机械研究所 Measuring device and method for measuring diameter of axle neck of wheel set and diameter of dust-proof plate seat of wheel set

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