CN205821415U - Mechanical control equipment for Ti 6Al 4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment - Google Patents

Mechanical control equipment for Ti 6Al 4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205821415U
CN205821415U CN201620773660.8U CN201620773660U CN205821415U CN 205821415 U CN205821415 U CN 205821415U CN 201620773660 U CN201620773660 U CN 201620773660U CN 205821415 U CN205821415 U CN 205821415U
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China
Prior art keywords
silk
slide block
temperature
entablature
columns
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620773660.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邵晖
赵敏剑
单迪
白力静
任帅
张国君
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Xian University of Technology
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Xian University of Technology
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Priority to CN201620773660.8U priority Critical patent/CN205821415U/en
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Publication of CN205821415U publication Critical patent/CN205821415U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model discloses a kind of mechanical control equipment for Ti 6Al 4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment, the upper surface being included in power control box is provided with four columns, the top of four columns is provided with entablature jointly, the bottom of four columns is set with slide block jointly, being provided with pulling force load maintainer in power control box, slide block is in transmission connection with pulling force load maintainer;It is set with balladeur train on four columns between slide block and entablature;In entablature lower surface, be provided with corresponding with upper end of slide block face organizes fixture more, and connecting between the fixture that often group is the most corresponding has a silk material;Silk material is while being provided with laser thermodetector, and laser thermodetector is connected with temperature controller, the wire connection corresponding with silk material two ends drawn from temperature controller;Multiple grating sensor or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card is configured, in the output signal cut-in temperature controller of all grating sensors or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card on each balladeur train.Device of the present utility model, function is reliable, energy-efficient.

Description

Mechanical control equipment for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment
Technical field
This utility model belongs to technical field of heat treatment equipment, relates to a kind of for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire Rapid Thermal The mechanical control equipment processed.
Background technology
Hot-treatment heating equipment has a wide range of applications in material manufacture, and its major function is to certain by METAL HEATING PROCESS Temperature, is beneficial to following process deformation or the material internal phase transformation of material, makes product reach to have and meet following process or use The purpose of performance.
Material heat treatment firing equipment kind is more at present, mainly has box resistance heating device and tubular electric resistance heating to set Standby two kinds of forms, all adopt the form being heated by resistive and form temperature field in furnace chamber, thus indirectly heat workpiece.
Such as Fig. 1, the structure of existing chamber type electric resistance furnace is, including being positioned at temperature-controlled cabinet thermocouple, fire door etc..Its work is former Reason is, by Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire in electrothermal part heating furnace chamber, makes the temperature of a material bring up to required temperature, The medium of heating is air, and resistance wire generates heat, and carrys out heated parts by convection current or radiation theory.Continuous heating a period of time, logical The temperature display device mouth of excess temperature control chamber realizes the control of temperature.Owing to whole heating intracavity is to close, volume is less, Cannot realize the thermal straightening of greater depth silk material or coil the aligning of a material, the rate of heat addition is slow.
Such as Fig. 2, the structure and working principle of existing tube type resistance furnace is similar to chamber type electric resistance furnace principle of heating.This tubular type The furnace chamber length of heating furnace is big, it is possible to the silk material of long length is carried out heat treatment, but, two ends apply pulling force difficulty, are not suitable for The continuous operation of thermomechanical aging, is not easy to carry out large-scale production.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of Mechanical course for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment and sets Standby, solve the thermal straightening that cannot realize greater depth silk material in prior art or the aligning coiling a material, be not suitable for mechanical thermal The problem processing continuous operation.
This utility model be employed technical scheme comprise that, a kind of machine for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment Tool controls equipment, including power control box, is provided with four columns in the upper surface of power control box, and the top of four columns is altogether With being installed with entablature, the bottom of four columns is set with slide block jointly, is provided with pulling force and loads in power control box Mechanism, slide block is in transmission connection with pulling force load maintainer;It is set with balladeur train on four columns between slide block and entablature;At upper horizontal stroke Be provided with corresponding with upper end of slide block face of beam lower surface organizes fixture more, and connecting between the fixture that often group is the most corresponding has a silk material;
Silk material is while being provided with laser thermodetector, and the detecting head of laser thermodetector is to silk material, and laser thermodetector signal is defeated Go out end to be connected with temperature controller input, the wire connection corresponding with silk material two ends drawn from temperature controller outfan;
Multiple grating sensor or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card, all grating sensors or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card is configured on each balladeur train In output signal cut-in temperature controller.
Mechanical control equipment for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment of the present utility model, its feature also exists In:
The surface of column scribbles high-temperature insulating layer.
Electric insulation backing plate all it is lined with between fixture and entablature, between fixture and slide block.
Signal transmission between temperature controller with laser thermodetector uses optical fiber to be connected.
The beneficial effects of the utility model are, utilize Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire resistance heat effect, by accuracy controlling electricity Its heat treatment temperatures of state modulator such as the size of stream, frequency, thus reach the purpose of accurate temperature controlling;Meanwhile, at the two ends of silk material Quantitatively apply tension, under the fixing quantity of temperature and tension, it is achieved the thermomechanical aging of Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire, Obtaining high accuracy heating-up temperature, apply tension controlled, easy to use, energy-saving effect is obvious.
Compared with the prior art, innovative point of the present utility model is embodied in: 1) use Ti-6Al-4V alloy self-resistance big Feature carries out self-heating, and the rate of heat addition is fast, and efficiency is high, and less energy consumption, flow process is short.Compared with the Technology for Heating Processing that other is common, Completing resistance in the range of 1-30 second and be heated to 800-1000 DEG C, the input of short time quick high-energy controls crystal grain refinement journey Degree;Two ends apply pulling force and control precipitation pattern and the orientation of phase in cooling procedure simultaneously, thus obtain than raw material higher by force Degree and ductility.2) by having distinctive program, the feedback digital signal of real-time reception variations in temperature, and quickly regulate and control The relevant parameter of electric current, it is achieved the high accuracy of heating-up temperature and speed controls, and this is also particular advantages of the present utility model.3) adopt With grating slide block, the silk material after heating cooling is carried out straight line degree measurement, it is ensured that the linearity of Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire reaches 0.5mm/m。
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of box furnace apparatus in prior art;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of tubular heater equipment in prior art;
Fig. 3 is structural front view of the present utility model;
Fig. 4 is structural side view of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is that the temperature of this utility model temperature accuracy controlling controls schematic diagram;
Fig. 6 is straight line degree measurement sliding framework structure schematic diagram of the present utility model.
In figure, a 1. material, 2. column, 3. fixture, 4. slide block, 5. power control box, 6. balladeur train, 7. laser thermodetector, 8. Temperature controller, 9. entablature, 11. temperature-controlled cabinets, 12. box furnace chambers, 13. resistance wires, 14. tubular type furnace chambers, 15. pulling force add Mounted mechanism.
Detailed description of the invention
With detailed description of the invention, this utility model is described in detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
With reference to Fig. 1, the structure of the box type heater equipment of prior art is, including the resistance being arranged in box furnace chamber 12 Silk 13, resistance wire 13 controls to be connected with the temperature-controlled cabinet 11 outside box furnace chamber 12.
With reference to Fig. 2, the structure of the tubular heater equipment of prior art is, including being arranged on tubular type furnace chamber 14 circle wall Resistance wire 13, resistance wire 13 controls to be connected with the temperature-controlled cabinet 11 outside tubular type furnace chamber 14.
With reference to Fig. 3, Fig. 4, structure of the present utility model is, including power control box 5, in the upper surface of power control box 5 Being provided with four columns 2, the top of four columns 2 is installed with entablature 9 jointly, and the bottom of four columns 2 is set with jointly Having slide block 4, be provided with pulling force load maintainer 15 in power control box 5, slide block 4 is in transmission connection with pulling force load maintainer 15;Sliding It is set with balladeur train 6 on four columns 2 between block 4 and entablature 9;The installation corresponding with slide block 4 upper surface in entablature 9 lower surface Having the resistant to elevated temperatures fixture 3 of many groups, connecting between the fixture 3 that often group is the most corresponding has a silk material 1, and silk material 1 is this practicality newly The Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire of type processing object.
With reference to Fig. 5, silk material 1 is provided with laser thermodetector 7, and the detecting head of laser thermodetector 7 is to silk material 1, laser Temperature measurer 7 signal output part is connected with temperature controller 8 input, the wire drawn from temperature controller 8 outfan and silk material 1 Two ends correspondence connects.
With reference to Fig. 6, the balladeur train 6 four columns 2 between slide block 4 and entablature 9 slide, each balladeur train 6 configures many Individual grating sensor or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card, be used for the linearity after measuring a material 1 unloading, all grating sensors or raster count In the output signal cut-in temperature controller 8 of card.
The surface of column 2 scribbles high-temperature insulating layer.
Between fixture 3 and entablature 9, between fixture 3 and slide block 4, all it is lined with electric insulation backing plate.
Pulling force load maintainer 15 uses stepless speed regulation and gear transmission mode to be controlled, it is achieved between slide block 4 and balladeur train 6 Intelligent movable control.
The internal structure of temperature controller 8 includes A/D sampled data, 89C52 chip, power amplification circuit and on-off control Circuit.
Fixture 3 uses high-temperature alloy to make, and power control box 5 and temperature controller 8 shell all use has structure heavily fortified point Gu, the aluminium alloy extrusions of good looking appearance, perfect heat-dissipating makes.
Signal transmission between temperature controller 8 with laser thermodetector 7 uses optical fiber to be connected, and laser thermodetector 7 is to silk material 1 After thermometric, when temperature has lifting, laser thermodetector 7 has digital signal and is formed, and temperature controller 8 guarantees to change after accepting signal Time-dependent current parameter realizes the intensification of temperature and rate of temperature fall and insulation.
Heat treatment routinely is arranged, and Ti-6Al-4V alloy material to be entered by the convection current of other heater or radiation Row heat temperature raising.This utility model device changes the mode of heating of prior heat treatment, and silk material 1 adds based on resistance heat effect Heat, utilizes Joule effect to convert electric energy into heat energy and directly heats a material 1, and silk material 1 heating itself, owing to heat results from a material 1 is own, belongs to internal heating, and the thermal efficiency is the highest.
Operation principle of the present utility model is,
(temperature-current) feedback system (this is programming software) is preset, in the input of feedback system in temperature controller 8 End connection has laser thermodetector 7, by laser thermodetector 7 temperature parameter of detection silk material 1 sent in temperature controller 8 anti- Feedback system, the outfan in feedback system connects temperature control device (this is hardware, such as power supply heating arrangements).By swashing The test temperature of silk material 1 is constantly fed back to feedback system by light temperature measurer 7, and feedback system is automatically adjusted the electricity of temperature control device Stream parameter, it is achieved the accurate control of heating-up temperature value;Meanwhile, by pulling force load maintainer 15, quantitatively loading of slide block 4 is made Fixture 3 applies pulling force to (bending) silk material 1, so, under the dual function of mechanical force and resistance heat effect, it is achieved silk The heat treatment of material 1 and the dual purpose of aligning, whole process efficiency is high, flow process is short, energy-conservation substantially.
Work process of the present utility model is,
Before operation, at ambient temperature silk material 1 two ends of bending are snapped fits into fixture 3, utilize slide block 4 that silk material 1 is applied Predetermined pulling force stretches, and by temperature controller 8, silk material 1 is applied electric current, after electric current is by silk material 1, in resistance heat effect Effect under, the temperature of silk material 1 raises.Under temperature controller 8 and laser thermodetector 7 act on, it is achieved silk material 1 temperature rate With the fixing quantity of holding temperature, complete the Based Intelligent Control of the thermomechanical aging of a material 1.Reach after predetermined temperature retention time silk material 1 power-off, naturally cools to room temperature, unloads the pulling force applied and uses the grating sensor on balladeur train 6 or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card to silk The linearity of material 1 measures.If the linearity of silk material is less than 0.5mm/m, product is qualified;Otherwise, again carry out at heating Reason and straightening processing.
Embodiment
Ф 2mm-Ф 10mm micro screw Ti-6Al-4V alloy disc curled hair material is carried out thermomechanical aging, to cut lengths Bending drawing silk material less than 2.0m applies tension by high temperature resistant molybdenum chuck, uses Ti-6Al-4V resistance alloys big simultaneously Feature silk material two ends apply low-voltage and high-current.By size of current, frequency and the control of heat time heating time, it is achieved micro screw Quickly and being accurately incubated and the heat treatment parameter control of heating and cooling of Ti-6Al-4V alloy, reaches Ti-6Al-4V alloy The purpose of high-strength-high-ductility-high-ductility combination property, uses slide block that silk material linearity after cooling is carried out optical measurement simultaneously.

Claims (4)

1. the mechanical control equipment for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment, it is characterised in that: include power control Case processed (5), is provided with four columns (2) in the upper surface of power control box (5), the top of four columns (2) fixing peace jointly Equipped with entablature (9), the bottom of four columns (2) is set with slide block (4) jointly, is provided with pulling force in power control box (5) Load maintainer (15), slide block (4) is in transmission connection with pulling force load maintainer (15);Between slide block (4) and entablature (9) four stand Balladeur train (6) it is set with on post (2);In entablature (9) lower surface, be provided with corresponding with slide block (4) upper surface organizes fixture (3), often more Connect between the fixture (3) that group is the most corresponding and have a silk material (1);
Silk material (1) is while being provided with laser thermodetector (7), and the detecting head of laser thermodetector (7) is to silk material (1), laser temperature-measuring Instrument (7) signal output part is connected with temperature controller (8) input, the wire drawn from temperature controller (8) outfan and silk Material (1) two ends correspondence connects;
Each balladeur train (6) is upper configures multiple grating sensors or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card, all grating sensors or Raster Ruler Data Acquisition Card In output signal cut-in temperature controller (8).
Mechanical control equipment for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment the most according to claim 1, its feature It is: the surface of described column (2) scribbles high-temperature insulating layer.
Mechanical control equipment for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment the most according to claim 1, its feature It is: between described fixture (3) and entablature (9), between fixture (3) and slide block (4), be all lined with electric insulation backing plate.
Mechanical control equipment for Ti-6Al-4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment the most according to claim 1, its feature It is: the signal transmission between described temperature controller (8) and laser thermodetector (7) uses optical fiber to be connected.
CN201620773660.8U 2016-07-21 2016-07-21 Mechanical control equipment for Ti 6Al 4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment Expired - Fee Related CN205821415U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620773660.8U CN205821415U (en) 2016-07-21 2016-07-21 Mechanical control equipment for Ti 6Al 4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620773660.8U CN205821415U (en) 2016-07-21 2016-07-21 Mechanical control equipment for Ti 6Al 4V alloy wire rapid thermal treatment

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205821415U true CN205821415U (en) 2016-12-21

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110524092A (en) * 2018-05-25 2019-12-03 南京理工大学 Non-melt pole electrical arc heated filament increasing material manufacturing silk material temp detecting controller and method
CN112962040A (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-06-15 西安理工大学 Rapid heat treatment method for high-strength medical titanium alloy bar
CN113061823A (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-07-02 西安理工大学 Heat treatment method for regulating and controlling residual stress of bar for medical titanium alloy screw

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110524092A (en) * 2018-05-25 2019-12-03 南京理工大学 Non-melt pole electrical arc heated filament increasing material manufacturing silk material temp detecting controller and method
CN112962040A (en) * 2021-01-27 2021-06-15 西安理工大学 Rapid heat treatment method for high-strength medical titanium alloy bar
CN113061823A (en) * 2021-03-24 2021-07-02 西安理工大学 Heat treatment method for regulating and controlling residual stress of bar for medical titanium alloy screw

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161221

Termination date: 20190721