CN205783728U - A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205783728U
CN205783728U CN201620464776.3U CN201620464776U CN205783728U CN 205783728 U CN205783728 U CN 205783728U CN 201620464776 U CN201620464776 U CN 201620464776U CN 205783728 U CN205783728 U CN 205783728U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
pipe
heat
energy
insulation
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201620464776.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋清昆
侯玉杰
姜昆
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Harbin University of Science and Technology
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Harbin University of Science and Technology
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Priority to CN201620464776.3U priority Critical patent/CN205783728U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205783728U publication Critical patent/CN205783728U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

nullThe utility model discloses a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler,Including smoke duster、Snakelike heat exchange tube、Boiler body、Burner hearth、Heat-absorbing water pipe and preheating water tank,Described boiler body is made up of lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,The preheating water tank of sealing is constituted between lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,Cold water inlet is connected bottom preheating water tank,Preheating water tank top connection heat-absorbing water pipe,Hot water outlet pipe is connected bottom heat-absorbing water pipe,It is set to burner hearth inside insulation inner housing,Burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate,Connect on the boiler body of fire grate side and have warm-air pipe,Warm-air pipe connection snakelike heat exchange tube,Snakelike heat exchange tube is arranged in smoke duster,This utility model realizes effective utilization of heat,Save fuel,Improve the efficiency of heating surface,Coal-fired fully burning in making burner hearth,Effectively flue gas is filtered,Realize preheating of air,Heat in flue gas is made to be fully utilized,Improve the work efficiency of boiler.

Description

A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler
Technical field
This utility model relates to boiler technology field, specifically a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler.
Background technology
Along with the development of China's economy, boiler becomes heat energy supply equipment important in China's economic development, is widely used in electric power, machinery.Metallurgical, chemical industry.Weaving papermaking, food, in feed industry and civil heating or bathing, but, existing boiler is in use, the heat insulation effect of boiler body is poor, cause fuel in combustion, the lost ratio of heat is more serious, increase production cost, simultaneously, owing to the air inflow of air is difficult to regulation, cause coal-fired burn incompletely, CO concentration in flue gas is higher, while causing waste of fuel, increase the pollution to environment, reduce the safety that boiler uses, and the preheating in flue gas is not fully utilized and is directly discharged in air, environment is caused thermal pollution, environmental protection and energy saving weak effect.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, with the problem solving to propose in above-mentioned background technology.
For achieving the above object, the following technical scheme of this utility model offer:
nullA kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler,Including smoke duster、Snakelike heat exchange tube、Boiler body、Burner hearth、Heat-absorbing water pipe and preheating water tank,Described boiler body is made up of lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,The preheating water tank of sealing is constituted between lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,Cold water inlet is connected bottom preheating water tank,Preheating water tank top connection heat-absorbing water pipe,Hot water outlet pipe is connected bottom heat-absorbing water pipe,It is set to burner hearth inside insulation inner housing,Burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate,Coal feeding hole is offered on boiler body on the upside of fire grate,Slag-drip opening is offered on boiler body on the downside of fire grate,Connect on the boiler body of fire grate side and have warm-air pipe,Warm-air pipe connection snakelike heat exchange tube,Snakelike heat exchange tube is arranged in smoke duster,The snakelike heat exchange tube other end connects aerator,Smoke duster upper end goes out pipe by flue gas and connects boiler body,Smoke duster bottom side connects induced-draft fan,Induced-draft fan connects chimney.
As further program of the utility model: described heat-absorbing water pipe is fixed on insulation inner housing inwall, the serpentine-like distribution of heat-absorbing water pipe.
As further program of the utility model: be provided with temperature sensor, temperature sensor electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus on described hot water outlet pipe.
As further program of the utility model: be provided with air inlet electromagnetic valve, air inlet electromagnetic valve electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus on described warm-air pipe.
As further program of the utility model: described flue gas goes out pipe and connects with roof of the furnace.
As further program of the utility model: described flue gas goes out to be provided with on pipe CO sensor, CO sensor electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are: described a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, reasonable in design, convenient operation and control, it is achieved effective utilization of heat, the heat reducing boiler body scatters and disappears, save the energy, save fuel, improve the efficiency of heating surface, it is achieved the regulation to air inflow, coal-fired fully burning in making burner hearth, energy-conserving and environment-protective, effectively filter flue gas, it is achieved to preheating of air, heat in flue gas is made to be fully utilized, save the energy, reduce cost, improve the work efficiency of boiler.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
In figure: 1-induced-draft fan, 2-smoke duster, 3-snakelike heat exchange tube, 4-air inlet electromagnetic valve, 5-warm-air pipe, 6-boiler body, 7-coal feeding hole, 8-burner hearth, 9-slag-drip opening, 10-fire grate, 11-micro-computer controlling apparatus, 12-cold water inlet, 13-hot water outlet pipe, 14-temperature sensor, 15-heat-absorbing water pipe, 16-lagging casing body, 17-preheating water tank, 18-insulation inner housing, 19-CO sensor, 20-flue gas go out pipe, 21-aerator, 22-chimney.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in this utility model embodiment, the technical scheme in this utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of this utility model rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in this utility model, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of this utility model protection.
nullRefer to Fig. 1,In this utility model embodiment,A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler,Including smoke duster 2、Snakelike heat exchange tube 3、Boiler body 6、Burner hearth 8、Heat-absorbing water pipe 15 and preheating water tank 17,Described boiler body 6 is made up of lagging casing body 16 and insulation inner housing 18,Insulation inner housing 18 is set in lagging casing body 16,The preheating water tank 17 of sealing is constituted between lagging casing body 16 and insulation inner housing 18,Cold water inlet 12 is connected bottom preheating water tank 17,Preheating water tank 17 top connection heat-absorbing water pipe 15,Heat-absorbing water pipe 15 is fixed on insulation inner housing 18 inwall,The serpentine-like distribution of heat-absorbing water pipe 15,Hot water outlet pipe 13 is connected bottom heat-absorbing water pipe 15,Temperature sensor 14 is installed on hot water outlet pipe 13,Temperature sensor 14 electrically connects micro-computer controlling apparatus 11.
It is set to burner hearth 8 inside described insulation inner housing 18, fire grate 10 is installed bottom burner hearth 8, coal feeding hole 7 is offered on boiler body 6 on the upside of fire grate 10, slag-drip opening 9 is offered on boiler body 6 on the downside of fire grate 10, connect on the boiler body 6 of fire grate 10 side and have warm-air pipe 5, air inlet electromagnetic valve 4 is installed on warm-air pipe 5, air inlet electromagnetic valve 4 electrically connects micro-computer controlling apparatus 11, warm-air pipe 5 connects snakelike heat exchange tube 3, snakelike heat exchange tube 3 is arranged in smoke duster 2, and snakelike heat exchange tube 3 other end connects aerator 21.
Described smoke duster 2 upper end goes out pipe 20 by flue gas and connects boiler body 6, flue gas goes out pipe 20 and connects with burner hearth 8 top, and flue gas goes out to be provided with CO sensor 19 on pipe 20, and CO sensor 19 electrically connects micro-computer controlling apparatus 11, smoke duster 2 bottom side connects induced-draft fan 1, and induced-draft fan 1 connects chimney 22.
nullDuring use,In burner hearth 8, fire coal is added by coal feeding hole 7,And start aerator 21 and in warm-air pipe 5 burner hearth 8, blast air by snakelike heat exchange tube 3,Promote coal-fired fully burning,The heat that burning produces and heat-absorbing water pipe 15 heat exchange,Water in preheating water tank 17 is made to discharge from hot water outlet pipe 13 after entering heat-absorbing water pipe 15 heating,Preheating water tank 17 effectively absorbs the heat that insulation inner housing 18 distributes,In cold water inlet 12 is blasted preheating water tank 17, water preheats,Realize effective utilization of heat,The heat reducing boiler body 6 scatters and disappears,Save the energy,The temperature sensor 14 installed on hot water outlet pipe 13 can detect the temperature signal of water outlet and temperature signal passes to computer controller 11,Be easy to computer controller 11 control coal feeding hole 7 go out fire coal addition,Not only can guarantee that in hot water outlet pipe 13 that water temperature is constant but also can be energy-conservation,Save fuel,Improve the efficiency of heating surface.
The flue gas that during use, burning produces goes out pipe 20 by the flue gas at burner hearth 8 top and enters smoke duster 2, smoke duster 2 is discharged from chimney 22 after dust-filtering, CO sensor 19 in smoke duster 2 detects the concentration of CO in flue gas, and signal is passed to computer controller 11, it is easy to computer controller 11 warm-air pipe 5 upper air electromagnetic valve 4 is adjusted, realize the regulation to air inflow, coal-fired fully burning, energy-conserving and environment-protective in making burner hearth 8;Snakelike heat exchange tube 3 realizes preheating of air with flue gas generation heat exchange in smoke duster 2, makes heat in flue gas be fully utilized, and saves the energy, reduces cost, improves the work efficiency of boiler.
It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that this utility model is not limited to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, and in the case of without departing substantially from spirit or essential attributes of the present utility model, it is possible to realize this utility model in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter from the point of view of which point, embodiment all should be regarded as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, scope of the present utility model is limited by claims rather than described above, it is intended that all changes fallen in the implication of equivalency and scope of claim included in this utility model.Should not be considered as limiting involved claim by any reference in claim.
In addition, it is to be understood that, although this specification is been described by according to embodiment, but the most each embodiment only comprises an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only for clarity sake, description should can also be formed, through appropriately combined, other embodiments that it will be appreciated by those skilled in the art that as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment by those skilled in the art.

Claims (6)

  1. null1. an energy-saving combustion unattended boiler,Including smoke duster、Snakelike heat exchange tube、Boiler body、Burner hearth、Heat-absorbing water pipe and preheating water tank,It is characterized in that,Described boiler body is made up of lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,The preheating water tank of sealing is constituted between lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,Cold water inlet is connected bottom preheating water tank,Preheating water tank top connection heat-absorbing water pipe,Hot water outlet pipe is connected bottom heat-absorbing water pipe,It is set to burner hearth inside insulation inner housing,Burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate,Coal feeding hole is offered on boiler body on the upside of fire grate,Slag-drip opening is offered on boiler body on the downside of fire grate,Connect on the boiler body of fire grate side and have warm-air pipe,Warm-air pipe connection snakelike heat exchange tube,Snakelike heat exchange tube is arranged in smoke duster,The snakelike heat exchange tube other end connects aerator,Smoke duster upper end goes out pipe by flue gas and connects boiler body,Smoke duster bottom side connects induced-draft fan,Induced-draft fan connects chimney.
  2. A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described heat-absorbing water pipe is fixed on insulation inner housing inwall, the serpentine-like distribution of heat-absorbing water pipe.
  3. A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with temperature sensor, temperature sensor electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus on described hot water outlet pipe.
  4. A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that be provided with air inlet electromagnetic valve, air inlet electromagnetic valve electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus on described warm-air pipe.
  5. A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described flue gas goes out pipe and connects with roof of the furnace.
  6. A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described flue gas goes out to be provided with on pipe CO sensor, CO sensor electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus.
CN201620464776.3U 2016-05-22 2016-05-22 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler Expired - Fee Related CN205783728U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620464776.3U CN205783728U (en) 2016-05-22 2016-05-22 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620464776.3U CN205783728U (en) 2016-05-22 2016-05-22 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205783728U true CN205783728U (en) 2016-12-07

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106152486A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-11-23 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler
CN108489079A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-09-04 郑州梦朵蓝节能设备有限公司 A kind of energy saving gas burning water heater

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106152486A (en) * 2016-07-18 2016-11-23 哈尔滨理工大学 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler
CN108489079A (en) * 2018-03-27 2018-09-04 郑州梦朵蓝节能设备有限公司 A kind of energy saving gas burning water heater

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161207

Termination date: 20170522