CN106152486A - A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler - Google Patents

A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106152486A
CN106152486A CN201610564141.5A CN201610564141A CN106152486A CN 106152486 A CN106152486 A CN 106152486A CN 201610564141 A CN201610564141 A CN 201610564141A CN 106152486 A CN106152486 A CN 106152486A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
boiler
pipe
heat
energy
burner hearth
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610564141.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
宋清昆
侯玉杰
Original Assignee
哈尔滨理工大学
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 哈尔滨理工大学 filed Critical 哈尔滨理工大学
Priority to CN201610564141.5A priority Critical patent/CN106152486A/en
Publication of CN106152486A publication Critical patent/CN106152486A/en

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Classifications

    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H1/00Water heaters having heat generating means, e.g. boiler, flow- heater, water-storage heater
    • F24H1/18Water storage heaters
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D46/00Filters, i.e. particle separators or filtering processes specially modified for separating dispersed particles from gases or vapours
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L1/00Passages or apertures for delivering primary air for combustion 
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F23COMBUSTION APPARATUS; COMBUSTION PROCESSES
    • F23LSUPPLYING AIR OR NON-COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS OR GASES TO COMBUSTION APPARATUS IN GENERAL ; VALVES OR DAMPERS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR CONTROLLING AIR SUPPLY OR DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; INDUCING DRAUGHT IN COMBUSTION APPARATUS; TOPS FOR CHIMNEYS OR VENTILATING SHAFTS; TERMINALS FOR FLUES
    • F23L15/00Heating of air supplied for combustion
    • FMECHANICAL ENGINEERING; LIGHTING; HEATING; WEAPONS; BLASTING
    • F24HEATING; RANGES; VENTILATING
    • F24HFLUID HEATERS, e.g. WATER OR AIR HEATERS, HAVING HEAT GENERATING MEANS, IN GENERAL
    • F24H9/00Details
    • F24H9/20Arrangement or mounting of control or safety devices or methods
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

nullThe invention discloses a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler,Including smoke duster、Snakelike heat exchange tube、Boiler body、Burner hearth、Heat-absorbing water pipe and preheating water tank,Described boiler body is made up of lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,The preheating water tank of sealing is constituted between lagging casing body and insulation inner housing,Cold water inlet is connected bottom preheating water tank,Preheating water tank top connection heat-absorbing water pipe,Hot water outlet pipe is connected bottom heat-absorbing water pipe,It is set to burner hearth inside insulation inner housing,Burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate,Connect on the boiler body of fire grate side and have warm-air pipe,Warm-air pipe connection snakelike heat exchange tube,Snakelike heat exchange tube is arranged in smoke duster,The present invention realizes effective utilization of heat,Save fuel,Improve the efficiency of heating surface,Coal-fired fully burning in making burner hearth,Effectively flue gas is filtered,Realize preheating of air,Heat in flue gas is made to be fully utilized,Improve the work efficiency of boiler.

Description

A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler

Technical field

The present invention relates to boiler technology field, specifically a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler.

Background technology

Along with the development of China's economy, boiler becomes heat energy supply equipment important in China's economic development, extensively It is applied to electric power, machinery.Metallurgical, chemical industry.Weave in papermaking, food, feed industry and civil heating or bathing, but, existing Boiler in use, the heat insulation effect of boiler body is poor, causes fuel in combustion, heat scatter and disappear compares Seriously, increase production cost, simultaneously as the air inflow of air is difficult to regulation, cause coal-fired burn incompletely, the CO in flue gas Concentration is higher, while causing waste of fuel, increases the pollution to environment, reduces the safety that boiler uses, and in flue gas Preheating is not fully utilized and is directly discharged in air, and environment causes thermal pollution, environmental protection and energy saving weak effect.

Summary of the invention

It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, to solve proposition in above-mentioned background technology Problem.

For achieving the above object, the present invention provides following technical scheme:

A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, including smoke duster, snakelike heat exchange tube, boiler body, burner hearth, heat-absorbing water pipe and Preheating water tank, described boiler body is made up of lagging casing body and insulation inner housing, between lagging casing body and insulation inner housing Constitute the preheating water tank sealed, bottom preheating water tank, connect cold water inlet, preheating water tank top connection heat-absorbing water pipe, heat-absorption water Connecting hot water outlet pipe bottom pipe, be set to burner hearth inside insulation inner housing, burner hearth bottom is provided with fire grate, the pot on the upside of fire grate Offer coal feeding hole on furnace body, the boiler body on the downside of fire grate offers slag-drip opening, the boiler body of fire grate side connects Being connected to warm-air pipe, warm-air pipe connection snakelike heat exchange tube, snakelike heat exchange tube is arranged in smoke duster, and snakelike heat exchange tube is another One end connects aerator, and smoke duster upper end goes out pipe by flue gas and connects boiler body, and smoke duster bottom side connects smoke evacuation Machine, induced-draft fan connects chimney.

As the further scheme of the present invention: described heat-absorbing water pipe be fixed on insulation inner housing inwall on, heat-absorbing water pipe in Snakelike distribution.

As the further scheme of the present invention: be provided with temperature sensor, temperature sensor electricity on described hot water outlet pipe Connect micro-computer controlling apparatus.

As the further scheme of the present invention: be provided with air inlet electromagnetic valve on described warm-air pipe, air inlet electromagnetic valve is electrically connected Connect micro-computer controlling apparatus.

As the further scheme of the present invention: described flue gas goes out pipe and connects with roof of the furnace.

As the further scheme of the present invention: described flue gas goes out to be provided with on pipe CO sensor, and the electrical connection of CO sensor is micro- Computer controller.

Compared with prior art, the invention has the beneficial effects as follows: described a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, structure designs Rationally, convenient operation and control, it is achieved effective utilization of heat, the heat reducing boiler body scatters and disappears, and has saved the energy, saves combustion Material, improves the efficiency of heating surface, it is achieved the regulation to air inflow, and coal-fired fully burning in making burner hearth, energy-conserving and environment-protective, effectively to flue gas Filter, it is achieved to preheating of air, make heat in flue gas be fully utilized, save the energy, reduce cost, improve boiler Work efficiency.

Accompanying drawing explanation

Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the present invention.

In figure: 1-induced-draft fan, 2-smoke duster, 3-snakelike heat exchange tube, 4-air inlet electromagnetic valve, 5-warm-air pipe, 6-pot Furnace body, 7-coal feeding hole, 8-burner hearth, 9-slag-drip opening, 10-fire grate, 11-micro-computer controlling apparatus, 12-cold water inlet, 13-heat Water outlet pipe, 14-temperature sensor, 15-heat-absorbing water pipe, 16-lagging casing body, 17-preheating water tank, 18-insulation inner housing, 19-CO sensor, 20-flue gas go out pipe, 21-aerator, 22-chimney.

Detailed description of the invention

Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is carried out clear, complete Describe, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments wholely.Based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is every other that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise Embodiment, broadly falls into the scope of protection of the invention.

Referring to Fig. 1, in the embodiment of the present invention, a kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, including smoke duster 2, snakelike Heat exchanger tube 3, boiler body 6, burner hearth 8, heat-absorbing water pipe 15 and preheating water tank 17, described boiler body 6 is by lagging casing body 16 He Insulation inner housing 18 forms, and insulation inner housing 18 is set in lagging casing body 16, lagging casing body 16 and insulation inner housing 18 Between constitute the preheating water tank 17 of sealing, connect cold water inlet 12 bottom preheating water tank 17, the connection of preheating water tank 17 top is inhaled Hot-water line 15, heat-absorbing water pipe 15 is fixed on insulation inner housing 18 inwall, the serpentine-like distribution of heat-absorbing water pipe 15, heat-absorbing water pipe 15 end Portion's connection hot water outlet pipe 13, hot water outlet pipe 13 is provided with temperature sensor 14, and temperature sensor 14 electrically connects micro computer Control device 11.

It is set to burner hearth 8 inside described insulation inner housing 18, fire grate 10, the pot on the upside of fire grate 10 are installed bottom burner hearth 8 Offer coal feeding hole 7 on furnace body 6, the boiler body 6 on the downside of fire grate 10 offers slag-drip opening 9, the boiler of fire grate 10 side Connecting on body 6 and have warm-air pipe 5, warm-air pipe 5 is provided with air inlet electromagnetic valve 4, air inlet electromagnetic valve 4 electrically connects micro computer controlled Device 11 processed, warm-air pipe 5 connects snakelike heat exchange tube 3, and snakelike heat exchange tube 3 is arranged in smoke duster 2, snakelike heat exchange tube 3 The other end connects aerator 21.

Described smoke duster 2 upper end goes out pipe 20 by flue gas and connects boiler body 6, and flue gas goes out pipe 20 and burner hearth 8 top Connection, flue gas goes out to be provided with CO sensor 19 on pipe 20, and CO sensor 19 electrically connects micro-computer controlling apparatus 11, smoke duster 2 bottom sides connect induced-draft fan 1, and induced-draft fan 1 connects chimney 22.

During use, in burner hearth 8, add fire coal by coal feeding hole 7, and start aerator 21 by snakelike heat exchange tube 3 thermotropism Blast air in air hose 5 burner hearth 8, promote coal-fired fully burning, the heat that burning produces and heat-absorbing water pipe 15 heat exchange, make preheating In water tank 17, water is discharged from hot water outlet pipe 13 after entering heat-absorbing water pipe 15 heating, and preheating water tank 17 effectively absorbs insulation inner housing 18 The heat distributed, in cold water inlet 12 is blasted preheating water tank 17, water preheats, it is achieved effective utilization of heat, reduces pot The heat of furnace body 6 scatters and disappears, and has saved the energy, and the temperature sensor 14 that hot water outlet pipe 13 installs can detect the temperature of water outlet Temperature signal is also passed to computer controller 11 by degree signal, it is simple to computer controller 11 controls coal feeding hole 7 and goes out fire coal Addition, not only can guarantee that in hot water outlet pipe 13 that water temperature is constant but also can be energy-conservation, saves fuel, improves the efficiency of heating surface.

The flue gas that during use, burning produces goes out pipe 20 by the flue gas at burner hearth 8 top and enters smoke duster 2, flue gas ash removal Device 2 is discharged from chimney 22 after dust-filtering, and the CO sensor 19 in smoke duster 2 detects the concentration of CO in flue gas, and will Signal passes to computer controller 11, it is simple to warm-air pipe 5 upper air electromagnetic valve 4 is adjusted by computer controller 11, Realize the regulation to air inflow, coal-fired fully burning, energy-conserving and environment-protective in making burner hearth 8;In snakelike heat exchange tube 3 and smoke duster 2 Flue gas generation heat exchange realizes preheating of air, makes heat in flue gas be fully utilized, and saves the energy, reduces cost, improves The work efficiency of boiler.

It is obvious to a person skilled in the art that the invention is not restricted to the details of above-mentioned one exemplary embodiment, Er Qie In the case of the spirit or essential attributes of the present invention, it is possible to realize the present invention in other specific forms.Therefore, no matter From the point of view of which point, all should regard embodiment as exemplary, and be nonrestrictive, the scope of the present invention is by appended power Profit requires rather than described above limits, it is intended that all by fall in the implication of equivalency and scope of claim Change is included in the present invention.Should not be considered as limiting involved claim by any reference in claim.

Although moreover, it will be appreciated that this specification is been described by according to embodiment, but the most each embodiment only wraps Containing an independent technical scheme, this narrating mode of description is only that for clarity sake those skilled in the art should Description can also be formed those skilled in the art through appropriately combined as an entirety, the technical scheme in each embodiment May be appreciated other embodiments.

Claims (6)

1. an energy-saving combustion unattended boiler, including smoke duster, snakelike heat exchange tube, boiler body, burner hearth, heat-absorbing water pipe And preheating water tank, it is characterised in that described boiler body is made up of lagging casing body and insulation inner housing, lagging casing body and guarantor Constituting the preheating water tank of sealing between temperature inner housing, connect cold water inlet bottom preheating water tank, the connection of preheating water tank top is inhaled Hot-water line, connects hot water outlet pipe, is set to burner hearth inside insulation inner housing bottom heat-absorbing water pipe, burner hearth bottom is provided with stove Row, the boiler body on the upside of fire grate offers coal feeding hole, the boiler body on the downside of fire grate offers slag-drip opening, fire grate side Boiler body on connect and have a warm-air pipe, warm-air pipe connection snakelike heat exchange tube, snakelike heat exchange tube is arranged on smoke duster In, the snakelike heat exchange tube other end connects aerator, and smoke duster upper end goes out pipe by flue gas and connects boiler body, flue gas ash removal Device bottom side connects induced-draft fan, and induced-draft fan connects chimney.
A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described heat-absorbing water pipe is fixed on On insulation inner housing inwall, the serpentine-like distribution of heat-absorbing water pipe.
A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the upper peace of described hot water outlet pipe Equipped with temperature sensor, temperature sensor electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus.
A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that install on described warm-air pipe There are air inlet electromagnetic valve, air inlet electromagnetic valve electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus.
A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described flue gas goes out pipe and burner hearth Top connects.
A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described flue gas goes out the upper installation of pipe There are CO sensor, CO sensor electrical connection micro-computer controlling apparatus.
CN201610564141.5A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler CN106152486A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610564141.5A CN106152486A (en) 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610564141.5A CN106152486A (en) 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of energy-saving combustion unattended boiler

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106152486A true CN106152486A (en) 2016-11-23

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Country Link
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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107504689A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-12-22 太仓英达锅炉设备有限公司 Circulating type heating boiler
CN107631283A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-26 桂林市宏远环保设备制造有限公司 A kind of high efficiency alcohol base fueled steam boiler
CN108759489A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-11-06 安徽骏马化工科技股份有限公司 Red lead oxidation furnace residual heat using device
CN109539551A (en) * 2017-09-22 2019-03-29 江苏智谋科技有限公司 A kind of numerically controlled boiler of nursery

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107504689A (en) * 2017-07-01 2017-12-22 太仓英达锅炉设备有限公司 Circulating type heating boiler
CN109539551A (en) * 2017-09-22 2019-03-29 江苏智谋科技有限公司 A kind of numerically controlled boiler of nursery
CN107631283A (en) * 2017-11-02 2018-01-26 桂林市宏远环保设备制造有限公司 A kind of high efficiency alcohol base fueled steam boiler
CN108759489A (en) * 2018-03-21 2018-11-06 安徽骏马化工科技股份有限公司 Red lead oxidation furnace residual heat using device
CN108759489B (en) * 2018-03-21 2019-11-12 安徽徽能化工科技有限公司 Red lead oxidation furnace residual heat using device

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