CN205680003U - Based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof - Google Patents

Based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205680003U
CN205680003U CN201620461846.XU CN201620461846U CN205680003U CN 205680003 U CN205680003 U CN 205680003U CN 201620461846 U CN201620461846 U CN 201620461846U CN 205680003 U CN205680003 U CN 205680003U
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China
Prior art keywords
energy
circuit
accumulator
solar panel
chip microcomputer
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201620461846.XU
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
周焕银
汪文楷
李刚
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East China Institute of Technology
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East China Institute of Technology
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Priority to CN201620461846.XU priority Critical patent/CN205680003U/en
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Publication of CN205680003U publication Critical patent/CN205680003U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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  • Charge And Discharge Circuits For Batteries Or The Like (AREA)

Abstract

This utility model discloses a kind of based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator, and this electricity system includes governor circuit, automatic solar energy tracking device, solar panel, carrier.Governor circuit includes single-chip microcomputer, automatic solar energy tracking device, storage circuit, multiple-energy-source handover module, clock circuit six part.The utility model has the advantage of: this follows the tracks of device can rotate solar panel automatically according to the power of solar energy light intensity so that solar panel is all the time towards the direction that sunlight is the strongest, thus improves the utilization rate of solar energy.It is powered the electric energy acquisition energy that system converts not only by solar panel, and the energy can be obtained by accumulator.The accumulator energy both can derive from solar panel, it is possible to derives from electric energy.Based on the management of many power supply sources with optimal control circuit by the detection to light intensity and battery tension, it is achieved that full-automatic tracking and the charging of accumulator to the sun.

Description

Based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator.
Background technology
Solar energy, owing to having the advantage such as recyclability, clean type, in the last few years, is increasingly subject to people's attention.But Owing to solar energy density is relatively low, it is engraved in the shortcomings such as change when having intermittence and distribution space so that solar energy utilization ratio is the highest. In order to solve this problem, there has been proposed solar automatic tracking system, however the conversion efficiency solving solar energy on the low side this In individual problem, the automatic tracking system DeGrain of light.
Summary of the invention
The purpose of this utility model is to utilize the management of chip microcontroller many power supply sources and optimize, and uses SCM Based Solar energy tracking controller and solar panel storage circuit, not only can drive solar panel automatic by governor circuit Follow spot and in floating charge mode to the ability of accumulator electric power storage, the energy resource supply switching between solar energy and accumulator can be realized simultaneously, Reach the purpose of power supply long-term to related system apparatus.
The technical solution of the utility model is: a kind of multiple-energy-source based on automatic solar energy tracking device and accumulator thereof supplies Electricity system, this electricity system includes governor circuit, automatic solar energy tracking device, solar panel, carrier.Governor circuit includes Single-chip microcomputer, automatic solar energy tracking device, storage circuit, multiple-energy-source handover module, clock circuit six part;Solar energy automatically with Track device includes AD conversion module, sensor, steering wheel, solar panel storage circuit and part governor circuit, solar-electricity The storage circuit of pond plate storage circuit is connected with the P1.4 port of single-chip microcomputer and P3.7 port, and the P3.7 port of single-chip microcomputer is through three poles Pipe is connected with solar panel storage circuit, and single-chip microcomputer P1.4 port is connected with accumulator;Multiple-energy-source handover module is by electricity Road is connected with the switch S1 of storage circuit;Sensor is made up of four photoconductive resistance, is installed on solar panel storage circuit On;Sensor is connected with P1.0, P1.1, P1.2, P1.3 mouth of single-chip microcomputer;Sensor is connected with governor circuit by circuit;Single Output pin P2.0, P2.1 of sheet machine intervalometer is connected the pulse frequency produced by intervalometer to control steering wheel rotation with steering wheel;Time Three pins RST, I/O, SCLK of clock circuit are connected with P2.2, P2.3, P2.4 interface of single-chip microcomputer;The AD port of single-chip microcomputer with Sensor connects.
The utility model has the advantage of: this follows the tracks of device can rotate solar-electricity automatically according to the power of solar energy light intensity Pond plate so that solar panel is all the time towards the direction that sunlight is the strongest, thus improves the utilization rate of solar energy.It is powered The electric energy acquisition energy that system converts not only by solar panel, and the energy can be obtained by accumulator.Accumulator The energy both can derive from solar panel, it is possible to derives from electric energy.Pass through with optimal control circuit based on the management of many power supply sources To light intensity and the detection of battery tension, it is achieved that full-automatic tracking and the charging of accumulator to the sun.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The each parts relationship block diagram of Fig. 1 multi-energy source power supply system based on automatic solar energy tracking device and accumulator thereof;
Fig. 2 single-chip microcomputer governor circuit schematic diagram;
Fig. 3 solar panel storage circuit schematic diagram;
Fig. 4 sensor circuit schematic diagram;
Fig. 5 clock circuit schematic diagram.
Detailed description of the invention
A kind of based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator, this electric power system includes main Control circuit 01, automatic solar energy tracking device 12, solar panel 02, carrier 03.Governor circuit 01 includes single-chip microcomputer 11, too Sun can autotracker 12, storage circuit 13, multiple-energy-source handover module 14, clock circuit 15 6 part.Solar energy automatically with Track device 12 includes AD conversion module 121, sensor 122, steering wheel 123, solar panel storage circuit 124 and part master control Circuit 01.Solar panel storage circuit 124, storage circuit 13 are connected with P1.4 port and the P3.7 port of single-chip microcomputer 11, The P3.7 port of single-chip microcomputer 11 is used for controlling whether solar panel storage circuit 124 charges to accumulator 04 through audion, The P1.4 port of single-chip microcomputer 11 is used for detecting the voltage of accumulator 04, and solar panel storage circuit 124 carries out floating charge to it The electric power storage of mode;The control of multiple-energy-source handover module 14 switch contained to storage circuit 13 S1 completes choosing of electric supply installation.Pass Sensor 122 is made up of four photoconductive resistance, be installed on solar panel storage circuit 124 judge its turn to whether with light intensity Vertical and light intensity magnitude.Sensor 122 is connected with P1.0, P1.1, P1.2, P1.3 mouth of single-chip microcomputer 11;Sensor 122 basis The strong and weak resistance changing photoconductive resistance of light intensity, the change of resistance is ordered about governor circuit 01 and is sent pulse frequency control steering wheel 123 Rotate.Output pin P2.0, P2.1 of single-chip microcomputer 11 intervalometer pulse frequency produced by intervalometer that is connected with steering wheel 123 controls Steering wheel rotates;Three pins RST, I/O, SCLK of clock circuit 15 are connected with P2.2, P2.3, P2.4 interface of single-chip microcomputer.Single The AD mouth of sheet machine 11 directly processes and reads the numerical values recited of photoconductive resistance contained by sensor 122, then is judged by single-chip microcomputer, defeated Go out to control the control pulse that steering wheel 123 rotates at parallel and vertical direction, after controlling through output several times, pass through steering wheel 123 rotate, and make solar panel storage circuit 124 just to light, complete to follow spot.The control of steering wheel 123, when single-chip microcomputer 11 When output pin P2.0, P2.1 receive the signal of clock circuit 15, start to start the electricity judging 122 4 photoconductive resistance of sensor Pressing the biggest, when the biggest, sensor 122 begins to send out Pulse Width Control steering wheel 123 and rotates, steering wheel 123 during zero deflection Stop operating, make solaode board plane change.
Accumulator 04 provides stabilized power source, the choosing of accumulator 04 when not having illumination to carrier 03 and governor circuit 01 Type, need to consider that the power needed for carrier 03, rated current voltage etc. calculate power capacity needed for normal working hours, and accumulator is held Amount typically should be beyond the 30% of value of calculation.When carrier 03 field work, solar panel electrical storage device fills to accumulator 04 Electricity.Accumulator 04 energy i.e. may be from tradition power supply and also may be from solar energy converting electrical energy.
Solar panel charges to accumulator to system power supply with its electricity accumulating unit simultaneously, and sensor unit is by obtaining The signal that governor circuit sends orders about steering wheel, and steering wheel rotates and drives solar panel to turn to, and governor circuit sends letter to sensor Number drive steering wheel, by software section realize many power supplys switch.
It is main that this utility model obtains the energy by solar panel 02, by providing electric energy for carrier 03, by electricity Pond plate is powered in floating charging mode for accumulator 04.Governor circuit 01 controls the reasonable switching between multiple-energy-source.
The system of operation the most outside will be needed or need the carrier 03 of long-term power supply to put in external environment, when the sun out Time, photoconductive resistance senses light intensity, converts optical signals to the signal of telecommunication and is sent to governor circuit 01, and governor circuit 01 obtains information After, sending the corresponding signal of telecommunication and drive steering wheel 123 to rotate, solar panel 02 rotates under the driving of steering wheel 123, passes through angle Degree comparison signal determines whether to forward the angle that light intensity is the strongest to.Will not rotate any more after solar panel 02 angle-determining, master control The energy is switched to solar panel 02 by circuit 01, and solar panel 02 will be powered for carrier 03 and pass through storage circuit 13 Charging to accumulator 04, after forwarding expected angle to, governor circuit 01 sends a signal to motor, closes and controls steering wheel 123, clock Circuit 15 starts timing, and timing terminates, and governor circuit 01 is again started up sensor 122, and circulation above step drives solar-electricity The angle of pond plate 02, out of service after rotating to expected angle.When clock circuit 15 clock display Night or governor circuit 01 sends use accumulator 04 when asking, and electric power system is switched to carrier 03 and works by governor circuit 01.
A kind of multi-energy source power supply system, realizes management and the optimization of many power supply sources by single-chip microcomputer governor circuit, uses base In solar energy tracking controller and the solaode electric power storage controller of single-chip microcomputer, send pulse signal by governor circuit and drive Solar panel automatic light tracking or in floating charge mode to accumulator electric power storage, it is achieved the energy resource supply between solar energy and accumulator is cut Change, reach the purpose of power supply long-term to carrier.

Claims (1)

1. one kind based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof, it is characterised in that: this electricity system System includes governor circuit (01), automatic solar energy tracking device (12), solar panel (02), carrier (03);Governor circuit (01) include single-chip microcomputer (11), automatic solar energy tracking device (12), storage circuit (13), multiple-energy-source handover module (14), time Clock circuit (15) six part;Automatic solar energy tracking device (12) includes AD conversion module (121), sensor (122), steering wheel (123), solar panel storage circuit (124) and part governor circuit (01), solar panel storage circuit (124) Storage circuit (13) is connected with P1.4 port and the P3.7 port of single-chip microcomputer (11), and the P3.7 port of single-chip microcomputer (11) is through audion Being connected with solar panel storage circuit (124), single-chip microcomputer (11) P1.4 port is connected with accumulator (04);Multiple-energy-source switches Module (14) is connected with the switch S1 of storage circuit (13) by circuit;Sensor (122) is made up of four photoconductive resistance, installs On solar panel storage circuit (124);Sensor (122) and P1.0, P1.1, P1.2, P1.3 mouth of single-chip microcomputer (11) Connect;Sensor (122) is connected with governor circuit (01) by circuit;Output pin P2.0, P2.1 of single-chip microcomputer (11) intervalometer The pulse frequency produced by intervalometer that is connected with steering wheel (123) rotates to control steering wheel;Three pins of clock circuit (15) RST, I/O, SCLK are connected with P2.2, P2.3, P2.4 interface of single-chip microcomputer (11);The AD port of single-chip microcomputer (11) and sensor (122) connect.
CN201620461846.XU 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof Expired - Fee Related CN205680003U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620461846.XU CN205680003U (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620461846.XU CN205680003U (en) 2016-05-20 2016-05-20 Based on automatic solar energy tracking device and the multi-energy source power supply system of accumulator thereof

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109669483A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-23 内蒙古伊泰新能源开发有限公司 The method and device of orientation tracking, solar tracking system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109669483A (en) * 2018-12-11 2019-04-23 内蒙古伊泰新能源开发有限公司 The method and device of orientation tracking, solar tracking system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20161109

Termination date: 20170520