CN205614877U - Straw - waste plastics integration reducing mechanism - Google Patents

Straw - waste plastics integration reducing mechanism Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205614877U
CN205614877U CN201620367504.1U CN201620367504U CN205614877U CN 205614877 U CN205614877 U CN 205614877U CN 201620367504 U CN201620367504 U CN 201620367504U CN 205614877 U CN205614877 U CN 205614877U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
level
storehouse
cutting knife
crushing bin
cylinder
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620367504.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
黄少斌
刘鸣娟
陈朋飞
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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South China University of Technology SCUT
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Application filed by South China University of Technology SCUT filed Critical South China University of Technology SCUT
Priority to CN201620367504.1U priority Critical patent/CN205614877U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/52Mechanical processing of waste for the recovery of materials, e.g. crushing, shredding, separation or disassembly
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02WCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO WASTEWATER TREATMENT OR WASTE MANAGEMENT
    • Y02W30/00Technologies for solid waste management
    • Y02W30/50Reuse, recycling or recovery technologies
    • Y02W30/62Plastics recycling; Rubber recycling

Abstract

The utility model discloses a straw waste plastics integration reducing mechanism, including one -level reducing mechanism and second grade reducing mechanism, the one -level reducing mechanism includes the arbor that crushing storehouse of one -level and interior level set up, is fixed with the cutter on the arbor, and the arbor is rotatory by motor drive, and the one -level is smashed the storehouse top and is equipped with the feed inlet, and the below is equipped with the discharge gate, second grade powder device is disc type rubbing crusher, and include and decide fluted disc and movable fluted disc, movable fluted disc internal surface cloth has an at least round stainless steel axis of a cylinder, and movable fluted disc is by the 2nd motor drive, and it is at least round sawtooth to decide the fluted disc internal surface, and two fluted discs pass through hinged joint and form the second grade and smash the storehouse, decide the fluted disc center and are equipped with the feed inlet, smash the discharge gate intercommunication in storehouse with the one -level, and the below in the crushing storehouse of second grade is equipped with the discharge gate. The utility model discloses enable straw and waste plastic and obtain thinner particle size, and it is crushing efficient, mechanical wear is little, and easily clearance, has changed the phenomenon of coarse, the easily long -pending powder of ordinary rubbing crusher inner wall, difficult clearance.

Description

A kind of straw-waste plastics integration reducing mechanism
Technical field
This utility model relates to field of mechanical technique, is specially a kind of straw-waste plastics integration reducing mechanism.
Background technology
Straw is often incinerated as a kind of abundant biomass resource, so on the one hand can make to have latent Straw in nutrition wastes, and on the other hand, air can be caused bigger pollution by the smog that burning produces, Especially when large area is burned, its smog produced may also result in the decline of visibility, causes traffic Certain impact.Making biomass energy be utilized crushed stalk processed and converting also is that straw processes Optimum selection, studies have found that straw-waste plastics copyrolysis prepare the conversion ratio of liquid fuel up to 50%-70%.
If waste plastics is the most proper as a kind of white pollution post processing, will certainly welding, the harm common people are good for Health.If wanting recycling, it is necessary to by its pulverization process, plastic disintegrator arises at the historic moment.
Generally, plastics often separate pulverizing with straw, then mix, and whole efficiency is relatively low, and work Amount is big, and mixing required time is long, and only with conventional grinder when crushing straw is with waste plastics, also exists Energy consumption is big, efficiency is low, and pulverizes the shortcomings such as difficult quality guarantee, is especially pulverizing waste or used plastics During, machinery easily blocking, serious wear, thus it cannot be guaranteed that follow-up everything goes well with your work carries out.And Single pulverizer pulverizing unit is frequently with single blade or pulverizes bar, it is difficult to ensure that straw and waste plastics are common Crush efficiency during pulverizing and quality.
Therefore, a kind of device of research and development can carry out integration processing expeditiously to straw-waste plastics, is to promote Straw and the key of waste plastics high-efficiency resource recycling.
Utility model content
This utility model provides a kind of straw-waste plastics integration reducing mechanism, and purpose is as " straw, useless Plastics copyrolysis prepares liquid fuel " a set of efficiently complete straw, waste plastics is fully pulverized, automatic mixing Integration apparatus, for promoting that straw and waste plastics high-efficiency resource recycling provide technology and equipment, on solving State the problem proposed in background technology.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, this utility model mainly provides following technical scheme:
A kind of straw-waste plastics integration reducing mechanism, including first level flour crushing device and two grade pulverization device, Described first level flour crushing device includes one-level crushing bin and interior horizontally disposed cutter shaft thereof, cutter shaft is fixed with and cuts Cutter, cutter shaft is driven high speed rotating by the first motor, and one-level crushing bin is arranged over charging aperture, and lower section is provided with out Material mouth;Described second patent flour device is disc mill, including fixed tooth disk and active toothed disk, in described active toothed disk Surface be furnished with at least one circle rustless steel axis of a cylinder (i.e. sawtooth), fixed tooth disk inner surface set at least one circle sawtooth, two Individual fluted disc is connected through the hinge and forms two grade pulverization storehouse, and fixed tooth disk axle center is provided with charging aperture, with one-level crushing bin Discharging opening connection, the lower section in two grade pulverization storehouse is provided with discharging opening, and active toothed disk is driven by the second motor, passes through The high speed rotating of rotor realizes the interaction between fluted disc.
Described one-level crushing bin is tube structure, the cylinder of the axis of rotation of described cutter shaft and described crushing bin Axis coinciding.
The protuberance of multiple thorn-like it is provided with on the inwall of described one-level crushing bin.
Described cutting knife is vertically at least provided with two groups, and each group cutting knife is fixed successively along the horizontal direction of described cutter shaft On cutter shaft, described often group cutting knife includes the cutter that at least two is equally spaced along one-level crushing bin cylinder circumference Sheet.
Described cutting knife has four groups, and often group cutting knife includes four blades, uniformly arranges in 90 degree, and described the One, four groups of cutting knifes are slightly longer than second and third group cutting knife.Four groups of cutting knifes are constituted by wing root and wing, wherein cutter Blade surface and horizontal plane angle are about in 25-30 degree.
Inner ring at active toothed disk inner surface, axis of a cylinder is additionally provided with the sharp knife staggered with axis of a cylinder, axis of a cylinder and sharp knife respectively Circumferentially it is distributed.
Described fixed tooth disk inner surface is two circle sawtooth, is the most circumferentially distributed.
The two circle rustless steel sawtooth being located at fixed tooth disk in described two grade pulverization storehouse about set according to practical situation outer ring 15, inner ring about set 10, be the most circumferentially distributed.Two weeks that are located at active toothed disk staggered stainless Steel shaft and sharp knife according to practical situation outer ring about set 7, inner ring about set 4, be the most circumferentially distributed.
Described cutting knife all connects 5mm wear-resisting steel plate NM400 as the edge of a knife with martensitic stain less steel.
Described two grade pulverization storehouse relies on two the wear-resisting disks being arranged in body to do high speed rotating, and material is from fixed The charging aperture feeding in fluted disc axle center, under the rustless steel axis of a cylinder relative motion with serrated slot, straw and waste plastics are subject to To clashing, reach the purpose again cut.
The warehouse inwall in described one-level crushing bin and two grade pulverization storehouse is equipped with screen cloth, wherein, and one-level crushing bin Warehouse inwall screen cloth be set to 60-80 mesh, the warehouse inwall screen cloth in two grade pulverization storehouse is set to 80-120 mesh.
Drive the second motor speed that two grade pulverization storehouse rotates higher than the first electricity driving one-level crushing bin to rotate Machine rotating speed.
The motor speed driving one-level crushing bin to rotate is set to 2500 revs/min, drives two grade pulverization storehouse to rotate Motor speed is set to 3500 revs/min.Wherein, material was dried before pulverizing the most, and containing after mummification Water rate is less than 10%.
This utility model has the advantages that
This utility model device includes described one-level crushing bin, the cutter being rotatablely arranged in described one-level crushing bin Axle and the cutting knife being arranged on described cutter shaft, rotated by cutter shaft described in the first driven by motor, with by described straw When putting into described crushing bin with waste or used plastics, it is right to be realized the cutting of described straw, waste or used plastics by cutting knife The modification of the two;Described two grade pulverization storehouse, is made up of two abrasion-proof stainless steel disks, and fixed tooth disk is provided with two weeks Sawtooth, active toothed disk is provided with two weeks staggered axiss of a cylinder and sharp knife and disc centre added with rotor, works as first level flour When in broken storehouse, just powder material enters two grade pulverization storehouse, rotor drives active toothed disk high speed rotating, occurs with fixed tooth disk Strong mutually motion, material is strongly clashed in crushing bin, is cut, and reduces the granularity of material further. Therefore this utility model device is compared with traditional modifying plastics machinery, owing to which employs cutting, clashing into phase In conjunction with two grade pulverization mode, efficiency is higher, and mechanical wear is little, and service life is longer.This utility model Science rational in infrastructure, the discharging opening of described one-level crushing bin is positioned at the middle part at the bottom of described cylindrical shape crushing bin storehouse, Avoid the straw after pulverizing and easily produce the problem piled up in discharge outlet, so that discharging is more smoothly, Material can continuously enter machine and pulverize continuously, and volume is little, and noise is low, easily operates.Owing to disc mill is complete Making for stainless steel material, all teeth groove of casing internal are through precision machining thus reach surface and smooth, it is easy to Cleaning, changes common grinder inner wall coarse, easy accumulated powder, the phenomenon of difficult cleaning.In actual applications, This utility model device, by biomass material efficient pulverizing pretreatment, has promoted straw-waste plastics to split altogether Solution prepares the research of liquid fuel, has also promoted straw resource utilization simultaneously, has decreased the white of waste plastics Pollute.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation during this utility model device side-looking.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of four groups of cutting knifes assembling of the present utility model.
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of cutting knife of the present utility model.
Fig. 4 is this utility model device perspective view.
Fig. 5 is this utility model two grade pulverization storehouse structural representation when opening.
Fig. 6 is the structural representation during work of this utility model two grade pulverization storehouse.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the technical scheme in this utility model embodiment is clearly and completely described.
Refer to Fig. 1,4, a kind of straw-waste plastics integration reducing mechanism, including first level flour crushing device and Two grade pulverization device, described first level flour crushing device is horizontally disposed cutter shaft 5 in including one-level crushing bin 3 and storehouse, Being fixed with cutting knife on cutter shaft 5, one end of cutter shaft 5 is driven high speed rotating, one-level crushing bin by the first motor 1 3 are arranged over charging aperture 6, and lower section is provided with discharging opening.Described one-level crushing bin 3 is tube structure, described The axis of rotation of cutter shaft 5 and the axis coinciding of the cylinder of described crushing bin, pulverize with the effectively described one-level of minimizing The volume in storehouse, thus reduce the volume of described straw-waste plastics pulverizer.
See Fig. 2,3, axially disposed four groups of described cutting knife, each group cutting knife is along the level side of described cutter shaft To being in turn secured on cutter shaft, described often group cutting knife includes four along one-level crushing bin cylinder circumference equidistantly cloth The blade put, in 90 degree of uniformly arrangements.Four groups of cutting knifes are constituted by wing root 12 and wing 13, wherein cutter Blade surface 14 and horizontal plane angle are about in 25-30 degree, it is ensured that the sharpness of described cutting knife, and material is in landing During be quickly cut, be effectively improved the work efficiency of described cutting knife.Described cutting knife is all with martensite not It is the edge of a knife that rust steel connects 5mm wear-resisting steel plate NM400.Described first, fourth group of cutting knife 8,11 diameter is slightly It is longer than second and third group cutting knife 9,10, is realized straw, waste plastics by second and third group cutting knife 9,10 Slightly cut, straw, waste plastics are frittered by first, fourth group of cutting knife 8,11, thus cut described in being effectively improved The work efficiency of cutter.
See Fig. 5,6, described second patent flour device is disc mill, including fixed tooth disk 20 and active toothed disk 21, described active toothed disk 21 inner surface is furnished with a circle rustless steel axis of a cylinder 15 (i.e. sawtooth), axis of a cylinder 15 inner ring Being additionally provided with the sharp knife 16 that a circle is staggered with axis of a cylinder on active toothed disk, axis of a cylinder 15 and sharp knife 16 the most circumferentially divide Cloth.Fixed tooth disk 20 inner surface is two circle sawtooth 17, is the most circumferentially distributed, and two fluted discs are by hinge 19 Connecting and form two grade pulverization storehouse 4, fixed tooth disk 20 axle center is provided with charging aperture, with the discharging of one-level crushing bin 3 Mouth connection, the lower section in two grade pulverization storehouse 4 is provided with discharging opening 7, and active toothed disk is driven by the second motor 2, and second Motor 2 is by being positioned at the interaction that the high speed rotating of active toothed disk center rotor realizes between fluted disc.During work, Two weeks sawtooth in fixed tooth disk 20 and two weeks staggered axiss of a cylinder 15, sharp knives 16 in active toothed disk 21 are arranged successively Row, have reached joint space-efficient purpose equally.Two circles being located at fixed tooth disk in described two grade pulverization storehouse 4 are stainless Hacksaw tooth 17 according to practical situation outer ring about set 15, inner ring about set 10, be the most circumferentially distributed. Two weeks staggered rustless steel axiss of a cylinder 15 and the sharp knife 16 of being located at active toothed disk about set according to practical situation outer ring 7, inner ring about set 4, be the most circumferentially distributed.Material is achieved on the basis of further fine powder It is sufficiently mixed.
Described two grade pulverization storehouse relies on two the wear-resisting fluted discs being arranged in body to do high speed rotating, and material is sent Entering the central feeding mouth of fixed tooth disk, under the rustless steel axis of a cylinder relative motion with serrated slot, straw and waste plastics are subject to To clashing, reach the purpose again cut.
The warehouse inwall in described one-level crushing bin and two grade pulverization storehouse is equipped with screen cloth, wherein, and one-level crushing bin The screen cloth 22 of warehouse inwall be set to 60-80 mesh, the screen cloth 18 of the warehouse inwall in two grade pulverization storehouse is set to 80-120 mesh, can export from all directions material does centrifugal motion when, finally revert to bottom Discharging opening, to ensure work efficiency.Drive one-level crushing bin rotate motor speed be set to 2500 turns/ Point, the motor speed driving two grade pulverization storehouse to rotate is set to 3500 revs/min.Reach one-level realize just powder and The purpose of non clogging screen net, can pulverize and realize two kinds of materials the most further for two grades and more fill in crushing bin Divide ground mixing.The most it is dried before crushing material, and the moisture content after mummification is less than 10%.
The protuberance of multiple thorn-like it is provided with on the inwall of described one-level crushing bin.To cut institute at described cutting knife While stating straw and waste plastics, when described material rotates in one-level crushing bin, the protuberance on inwall is to this Again cut.

Claims (10)

1. straw-waste plastics integration reducing mechanism, it is characterised in that include first level flour crushing device With two grade pulverization device, described first level flour crushing device includes one-level crushing bin and interior horizontally disposed cutter shaft thereof, Being fixed with cutting knife on cutter shaft, cutter shaft is driven by motor and rotates, and one-level crushing bin is arranged over charging aperture, lower section It is provided with discharging opening;Described second patent flour device is disc mill, including fixed tooth disk and active toothed disk, described dynamic Fluted disc inner surface is furnished with at least one circle rustless steel axis of a cylinder, and active toothed disk is driven by the second motor, fixed tooth disk inner surface Being at least one circle sawtooth, two fluted discs are connected through the hinge formation two grade pulverization storehouse, fixed tooth disk center be provided with into Material mouth, connects with the discharging opening of one-level crushing bin, and the lower section in two grade pulverization storehouse is provided with discharging opening.
Device the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described one-level crushing bin is cylinder knot The axis coinciding of the cylinder of structure, the axis of rotation of described cutter shaft and described crushing bin.
Device the most according to claim 2, it is characterised in that described cutting knife vertically at least provided with Two groups, each group cutting knife is in turn secured on cutter shaft along the horizontal direction of described cutter shaft, and described often group cutting knife includes The blade that at least two is equally spaced along one-level crushing bin cylinder circumference.
Device the most according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described cutting knife has four groups, often group Cutting knife includes four blades, and in 90 degree of uniformly arrangements, described first, fourth group of cutting knife is slightly longer than second and third Group cutting knife.
5. according to the device described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that in active toothed disk Surface, the inner ring of axis of a cylinder are additionally provided with the sharp knife staggered with axis of a cylinder, and axis of a cylinder and sharp knife are the most circumferentially distributed.
Device the most according to claim 5, it is characterised in that described fixed tooth disk inner surface is two circles Sawtooth, is the most circumferentially distributed.
7. according to the device described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that described cutting knife is equal 5mm wear-resisting steel plate NM400 is connected as the edge of a knife with martensitic stain less steel;The inwall of described one-level crushing bin On be provided with the protuberance of multiple thorn-like.
8. according to the device described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that described first level flour The warehouse inwall in broken storehouse is provided with the screen cloth of 60-80 mesh, and the warehouse inwall in two grade pulverization storehouse is provided with 80-120 mesh Screen cloth.
9. according to the device described in claim 1 or 2 or 3 or 4, it is characterised in that drive second patent flour The second motor speed that broken storehouse rotates is higher than the first motor speed driving one-level crushing bin to rotate.
Device the most according to claim 9, it is characterised in that drive that one-level crushing bin rotates the One motor speed is set to 2500 revs/min, and the second motor speed driving two grade pulverization storehouse to rotate is set to 3500 Rev/min.
CN201620367504.1U 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Straw - waste plastics integration reducing mechanism Withdrawn - After Issue CN205614877U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620367504.1U CN205614877U (en) 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Straw - waste plastics integration reducing mechanism

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620367504.1U CN205614877U (en) 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Straw - waste plastics integration reducing mechanism

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205614877U true CN205614877U (en) 2016-10-05

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CN201620367504.1U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205614877U (en) 2016-04-27 2016-04-27 Straw - waste plastics integration reducing mechanism

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105729679A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-06 华南理工大学 Straw and waste plastic integrated smashing device

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105729679A (en) * 2016-04-27 2016-07-06 华南理工大学 Straw and waste plastic integrated smashing device

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AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
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Granted publication date: 20161005

Effective date of abandoning: 20180914