CN205603026U - Additional stopper brake performance's check out test set - Google Patents

Additional stopper brake performance's check out test set Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205603026U
CN205603026U CN201620278353.2U CN201620278353U CN205603026U CN 205603026 U CN205603026 U CN 205603026U CN 201620278353 U CN201620278353 U CN 201620278353U CN 205603026 U CN205603026 U CN 205603026U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
drive sprocket
flywheel
big
conversion device
drive shaft
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201620278353.2U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈星谏
张希忠
张洪江
王智超
商井学
高玉兰
管径纬
宋庆平
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Shenyang Yuanda Intellectual Industry Group Co Ltd
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Shenyang Yuanda Intellectual Industry Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620278353.2U priority Critical patent/CN205603026U/en
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Publication of CN205603026U publication Critical patent/CN205603026U/en
Withdrawn - After Issue legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model provides an additional stopper brake performance's check out test set, has solved that the test that exists is troublesome, work load is big, the precision is low, has simulated and has highly received the limitation scheduling problem among the prior art. It includes the hauler, the main drive, and energy conversion device and detection control circuit, its technical essential is: energy conversion device comprises derailleur flywheel, little driving sprocket and angular velocity sensor, assemble a big driving sprocket and at least one big driving sprocket on the final drive shaft of main drive, the main drive drives that the derailleur transmission shaft is high -speed to rotate, and the rotational speed that makes the flywheel reaches and at the uniform velocity turns round, on the rotation energy of the equivalent actual loading that energy conversion device provided transmits the main drive, starts additional stopper and holds the friction disk consumption that rubs tightly, up to the main drive stall. Its structural design is reasonable, easy operation, and the simulation equivalence operating condition of load energy when testing in the factory, the witnessed inspections need not the secondary debugging, reduces work load, improves the accuracy of work efficiency and test.

Description

The detection equipment of additional brake braking ability
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of equipment for detecting brake ability and insensitivity, the detection equipment of the additional brake braking ability of a kind of escalator or moving sidewalk.
Background technology
Escalator should just can ensure that the safety of operation with the stopping power of the additional brake of moving sidewalk in a proper range, and correlation standard must is fulfilled for deceleration a≤1m/s2Requirement.Main cause is: brake force is too strong, and deceleration is the biggest, and passenger can be caused to topple over danger.Brake force is too small, then deceleration is too small, cannot the situation such as stop occur when can cause staircase danger.Therefore, the size of additional brake deceleration is an important performance detection project.
Additional brake is the principle by friction, and the frictional force utilizing friction plate to provide acts in main driving, reaches the purpose of braking.During onsite acceptance inspection, needing every staircase carries out fully loaded stop test, the brake force of additional brake needs to be adjusted according to different hoisting depths at the scene, meets the requirement of deceleration, but because on-the-spot working place is little, therefore debug the most thorny difficulty.At present a lot of Elevator Factories are fixed value when dispatching from the factory to the brake-force control of additional brake, hoisting depth are not connected with brake force, exist the most highly staircase cannot stop, the various problems that low height staircase deceleration is big.If annual, escalator carrying out fully loaded braking performance test, then repeatedly braking can make the coefficient of friction of friction plate change, even if scene was checked qualified at that time, still can there is potential safety hazard in follow-up operation.Traditional counterweight that utilizes replaces the method running load to additional brake test, not only needs to carry the heaviest counterweight iron block, wastes time and energy, and if operationally braking the damage that also can cause equipment out of control.
According to Patents, once recorded and changed traditional method of testing, " a kind of flywheel replaces the method for counterweight test escalator stopping power " such as Publication No. 104150338A, technical scheme disclosed in the method, replaces, in counterweight test process, needing repeatedly to remove and install the flywheel at motor shaft end with flywheel, load onto corresponding fully loaded counterweight, under conditions of brake force is constant, measure fully loaded braking distance, compare with flywheel with by the surveyed braking distance of counterweight and deviation;Then measure the measurement distance of escalator with the flywheel of certain specification, thus judge the braking distance that escalator is fully loaded, if the upper limit complied with the national standard requirements.Although the inconvenience of carrying counterweight when finally eliminating onsite acceptance inspection, but the method is replacing in counterweight test with flywheel, remain a need for repeatedly carrying the counterweight that experiment acquired results needs, the most do not save the hard work of carrying counterweight, but also want continuous dismounting and change record, the different size calculated, the flywheel of Different Weight, carry out running the comparison of load, both wasted time and energy, again it is difficult to ensure that accuracy of measurement.
A kind of method testing escalator and/or moving sidewalk stopping power in Publication No. 103395680A, disclosing the mode utilizing driving host axle head to change flywheel in its technical scheme replaces counterweight to carry out simulation load, the rotational energy produced when rotating with flywheel, the energy consumed during replacing being supported on stop on escalator, it is intended to reach to test the purpose of moving sidewalk stopping power.But the program needs continuous superposition flywheel, so relatively big on electric machine main shaft impact, main shaft fracture can be caused in the course of time or because bias causes damaging motor.The flywheel that quality is excessive simultaneously can make driving host not have enough staring torques, and the method only utilizes the flywheel on main frame to be simulated load energy, because flywheel can not infinitely increase, therefore motor cannot provide bigger corresponding staring torque, and big height staircase load will be caused to be difficult to simulation.
In sum, these two disclosed patents all simulation loads in the way of changing or changing main frame flywheel, but while changing flywheel, but change the unitary rotation inertia of drive system, therefore cannot simulate actual condition accurately;The result of its test is linear expression, can not embody the corresponding relation of concrete load value and brake force;The method used needs practical operation at the scene, field adjustable in test process, considerably increases the workload of on-the-spot test.And when measuring braking distance, because have employed the modes such as manual measurement, therefore cause the data tested inaccurate.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide the detection equipment of a kind of additional brake braking ability, solve test trouble present in prior art, workload is big, precision is low, simulated altitude is by problems such as limitations, its reasonable in design, simple to operate, the analog equivalent actual condition of load energy during In-Plant Test, Site Detection is debugged without secondary, reduces workload, improves work efficiency and the accuracy of test.
The scheme that this utility model is used is: the detection equipment of this additional brake braking ability includes by the traction machine of Frequency Converter Control, the main driving being provided with additional brake that traction machine is driven by large and small drive sprocket, main it is driven through energy conversion device that large and small drive sprocket drives and detection controls loop, is characterized in that: described energy conversion device is by variator and is assembled in the flywheel on variator axle, little drive sprocket and angular-rate sensor and forms;The side of the final drive shaft of main driving assembles a big drive sprocket linked with the little drive sprocket on traction machine, big drive sprocket is fixed together with the frictional disk arranging linear velocity trans of additional brake, and the opposite side of final drive shaft assembles at least one big drive sprocket linked with the little drive sprocket on variator axle;The master that traction machine drives is driven through large and small drive sprocket and drives variator axle high-speed rotation, the rotating speed for the flywheel of fictitious load being assembled on variator axle is made to reach at the uniform velocity to operate, the rotational energy of the equivalent actual loading that energy conversion device provides is delivered in main driving, now start additional brake hold tightly the frictional disk on final drive shaft carry out friction consume, until the final drive shaft of main driving stops operating, and the data of the linear velocity trans on frictional disk are delivered to detection control loop.
Described flywheel for fictitious load uses flat key to be connected with variator axle, and recycling end cap interfixes.
The final drive shaft of described main driving by Bearing housings assembly, final drive shaft is arranged connection dish, and utilizes connection dish to assemble big drive sprocket and at least one big drive sprocket respectively on main bogie.
This utility model has the advantage that with good effect: this utility model is according to law of conservation of energy, and braking energy is designed equal to rotational energy.Energy conversion device owing to using utilizes the main driving being equipped with additional brake driven by the traction machine of Frequency Converter Control, and when reaching at the uniform velocity to operate by the rotating speed driving variator to improve the flywheel for fictitious load, the rotational energy providing equivalence actual loading is delivered in main driving, additional brake is held the frictional disk on final drive shaft tightly and is carried out friction consumption, start additional brake and hold the frictional disk on final drive shaft tightly, the energy of this part effect is consumed by friction, until the final drive shaft of main driving stops operating, and the data of the linear velocity trans on frictional disk are delivered to detection control loop, so the most relatively, its reasonable in design, simple to operate.Because this equipment replaces load can simulate the brake condition of various height staircase by energy conversion device, therefore take up an area little, staircase according to different hoisting depths test regulation can be carried out in factory, the simulation of load energy is fully able to equivalence actual condition, Site Detection is debugged without secondary, without dismounting flywheel, therefore significantly reduce workload, improve work efficiency.Additionally, driven structure identical with the structure that normal staircase uses by the traction machine of Frequency Converter Control and main driving etc., avoid and existing detection method is changed the change impact on accuracy of detection of rotary inertia and the damage to main frame that main frame flywheel is caused, improve the accuracy of test further.Owing to detecting the different hoisting depths of staircase, flywheel rotating speed can be improved by variator and realize equivalence, even if so hoisting depth is excessive, a big drive sprocket linked with the little drive sprocket on variator axle can also be assembled again on final drive shaft, namely by increasing the quantity of energy conversion device, provide corresponding load energy.The sensor passes simultaneously using correspondence in the collection of detection data controls loop to detection, can reduce error produced by manual measurement.Therefore, this utility model fundamentally solves test trouble present in prior art, workload is big, precision is low, simulated altitude is by problems such as limitations.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, utility model is further described.
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the top view of Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is a kind of structural representation of driving host in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is a kind of structural representation of main driving in Fig. 1;
Fig. 5 is a kind of structural representation of energy conversion device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 6 is the I portion structure for amplifying schematic diagram of Fig. 4.
Sequence number explanation in figure: 1 converter, 2 traction machines, 3 additional brakes, 4 main drivings, 5 main bogies, 6 energy conversion devices, 7 angular-rate sensors, 8 driving-chains, 9 linear velocity transes, 10 driving chain, 11 main frames, 12 little drive sprockets, 13 cappings, 14 bearing blocks, 15 frictional disks, 16 big drive sprockets, 17 big drive sprockets, 18 final drive shafts, 19 flywheels, 20 variators, 21 little drive sprockets, 22 end caps, 23 flat keys.
Detailed description of the invention
Concrete structure of the present utility model is described in detail according to Fig. 1~6.The detection equipment of this additional brake braking ability includes the traction machine 2 controlled by converter 1, the main driving 4 being provided with additional brake 3 that traction machine 2 is driven by large and small drive sprocket 16,12, energy conversion device 6 and detection that main driving 4 is driven by large and small drive sprocket 17,21 control the parts such as loop.Wherein the speed of service of this equipment is controlled by converter 1, converter 1 is by changing output frequency, the final drive shaft 18 making traction machine 2 obtains certain rotating speed, little drive sprocket 12 on traction machine 2 is by driving chain 10 that speed passes to the big drive sprocket 16 in main driving 4, and big drive sprocket 16 and big drive sprocket 17 are with on a final drive shaft 18.The final drive shaft 18 of the most main driving 4 passes through bearing block 14 support assembled on main bogie 5.Connection dish is set on final drive shaft 18, and utilizes connection dish to assemble big drive sprocket 16 and at least one big drive sprocket 17 respectively.
Energy conversion device 6 is by variator 20 and is assembled in the parts such as the flywheel 19 on variator 20 power transmission shaft, little drive sprocket 21 and angular-rate sensor 7 and forms.Accelerated by variator 20, utilize the high speed rotating of flywheel 19 to carry out the storage of rotational kinetic energy.The side of the final drive shaft 18 of main driving 4 assembles a big drive sprocket 16 being connected with the little drive sprocket 12 on traction machine 2 by driving chain, and big drive sprocket 16 is fixed together with the frictional disk 15 arranging linear velocity trans 9 of additional brake 3.The opposite side of final drive shaft 18 assembles at least one big drive sprocket 17 being connected with the little drive sprocket 21 on variator 20 power transmission shaft by driving-chain 8.The main driving 4 that traction machine 2 drives drives variator 20 power transmission shaft high-speed rotation by large and small drive sprocket 16,17, making the rotating speed for the flywheel 19 of fictitious load being assembled on variator 20 power transmission shaft reach at the uniform velocity to operate, the rotational energy of the equivalent actual loading that energy conversion device 6 provides is delivered in main driving 4.Now start additional brake 3 to hold the frictional disk 15 on final drive shaft 18 tightly and carry out friction and consume, until the final drive shaft 18 of main driving 4 stops operating, and the data of the linear velocity trans 9 on frictional disk 15 are delivered to detection control loop.In order to change conveniently, the flywheel 19 for fictitious load uses flat key 23 to be connected with variator 20 power transmission shaft, and flywheel 19 is interfixed by recycling end cap 22 with variator 20 power transmission shaft.
Test process:
Start traction machine 2, by driving chain 10 to drive main driving 4, main driving 4 to drive energy conversion device 6 by driving-chain 8.The output frequency of regulation converter 1, incremental by slow-to-fast, finally make final drive shaft reach certain rotating speed;The data of camera angle velocity sensor 7, when the rotating speed of the flywheel 19 for fictitious load reaches at the uniform velocity to operate, are the energy storage of load on energy conversion device 6.The rotational energy of the equivalent actual loading that energy conversion device 6 provides, is delivered in main driving 4 by driving-chain 8.Now, startup additional brake 3 is held the frictional disk 15 on final drive shaft 18 tightly and is carried out friction consumption, makes main driving 4 be braked.During until braking energy is equal to rotational energy, the final drive shaft 18 of main driving 4 stops operating.After stopping, the data of the linear velocity trans 9 on reading frictional disk 15, draw deceleration size.If deceleration≤1m/s2, illustrate that the brake force of additional brake 3 is qualified.Otherwise defective, the brake force size of additional brake 3 need to be readjusted, retest, until meeting Standard.Use this equipment repeatedly to test simultaneously, detect that friction plate is the most complete, if the phenomenons such as inefficacy, simple to operate, practical and convenient.
By changing the rotating speed size of flywheel 19, the brake force needed for different hoisting depth (i.e. having different loads) staircase can be drawn, if hoisting depth is excessive, cause flywheel 19 rotating speed too high, beyond normal retro-speed scope, can also increase big drive sprocket 17 in main driving 4, the quantity i.e. increasing energy conversion device 6 carries out the savings of more multi-energy.
This utility model is the energy that the Energy Equivalent overcome will be needed during load brake to become flywheel to rotate, and have employed the drive mechanism of actual staircase, substitutes the form of load with energy conversion device.The present embodiment is as a example by gradual auxiliary brake, additional brake for other forms, can more change owner drive on additional brake parts can detect, owing to Standard additional brake only allows to act in main driving with the form of friction, therefore this equipment goes for testing the various additional brakes acting in main driving.

Claims (3)

1. the detection equipment of an additional brake braking ability, including by the traction machine of Frequency Converter Control, the main driving being provided with additional brake that traction machine is driven by large and small drive sprocket, main it is driven through energy conversion device that large and small drive sprocket drives and detection controls loop, it is characterised in that: described energy conversion device is by variator and is assembled in the flywheel on variator axle, little drive sprocket and angular-rate sensor and forms;The side of the final drive shaft of main driving assembles a big drive sprocket linked with the little drive sprocket on traction machine, big drive sprocket is fixed together with the frictional disk arranging linear velocity trans of additional brake, and the opposite side of final drive shaft assembles at least one big drive sprocket linked with the little drive sprocket on variator axle;The master that traction machine drives is driven through large and small drive sprocket and drives variator axle high-speed rotation, the rotating speed for the flywheel of fictitious load being assembled on variator axle is made to reach at the uniform velocity to operate, the rotational energy of the equivalent actual loading that energy conversion device provides is delivered in main driving, now start additional brake hold tightly the frictional disk on final drive shaft carry out friction consume, until the final drive shaft of main driving stops operating, and the data of the linear velocity trans on frictional disk are delivered to detection control loop.
The detection equipment of additional brake braking ability the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: the described flywheel for fictitious load uses flat key to be connected with variator axle, and recycling end cap interfixes.
The detection equipment of additional brake braking ability the most according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the final drive shaft of described main driving passes through Bearing housings assembly on main bogie, connection dish is set on final drive shaft, and utilizes connection dish to assemble big drive sprocket and at least one big drive sprocket respectively.
CN201620278353.2U 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Additional stopper brake performance's check out test set Withdrawn - After Issue CN205603026U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620278353.2U CN205603026U (en) 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Additional stopper brake performance's check out test set

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201620278353.2U CN205603026U (en) 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Additional stopper brake performance's check out test set

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205603026U true CN205603026U (en) 2016-09-28

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201620278353.2U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205603026U (en) 2016-04-06 2016-04-06 Additional stopper brake performance's check out test set

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105712171A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-06-29 沈阳远大智能工业集团股份有限公司 Equipment for detecting braking performance of additional brake

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105712171A (en) * 2016-04-06 2016-06-29 沈阳远大智能工业集团股份有限公司 Equipment for detecting braking performance of additional brake

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20160928

Effective date of abandoning: 20170510