CN205375002U - Sun direction and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch - Google Patents

Sun direction and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205375002U
CN205375002U CN201521095284.3U CN201521095284U CN205375002U CN 205375002 U CN205375002 U CN 205375002U CN 201521095284 U CN201521095284 U CN 201521095284U CN 205375002 U CN205375002 U CN 205375002U
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China
Prior art keywords
wheel
sunrise
lever
cam
sun
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201521095284.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
傅裕
张振洲
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Tianjin Seagull Watch Group Co Ltd
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Tianjin Seagull Watch Group Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201521095284.3U priority Critical patent/CN205375002U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205375002U publication Critical patent/CN205375002U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a sun position and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of a watch, which comprises a driving part, a command control part and a function display part; the driving part is a power input end and drives the command control part, and the sun direction and the sunrise and sunset are displayed through the function display part. The beneficial effects are that: due to the movement of the horizon indicator panel relative to the solar disc, the visual movement of the sun is effectively displayed, and simultaneously, the sunrise and sunset time is automatically adjusted according to the change of the date; the mechanism is simple and reliable, low in processing difficulty and good in universality; the whole mechanism is relatively independent, the occupied space is small, and independent adjustment and integral assembly and disassembly can be realized; the mechanism module can be loaded on a perpetual calendar machine core, is also suitable for a non-perpetual calendar machine core, greatly improves the adaptability of the module, becomes a functional module with very high universality, and particularly, the mechanism parts can be correspondingly replaced according to different latitudes where users are located so as to meet the use requirements of regions in different latitudes in the world, and have good part interchangeability.

Description

The solar azimuth of wrist-watch and sunrise sunset indication mechanism
Technical field
This utility model relates to a kind of watchwork, particularly relates to the sun real-time azimuthal of a kind of wrist-watch and the indication mechanism of sunrise sunset.
Background technology
The mankind to the Cognitive Origin of time in the observation to celestial body, day, the moon, year concept revolve around the sun around the revolution of the earth and the earth respectively from earth rotation, the moon.Therefore, chronometry can be described as and develops from astronomy.Owing to celestial movement rule is complicated, in mechanical watch, astronomical display provides extra temporal information usually used as sophisticated functions.
The sun, as solar central body residing for the mankind, has lofty status all the time in the minds of people.The sun is closely bound up with the daily life of the mankind, no matter being cultivate production, or work and rest activity all be unable to do without the sun, the sun is just risen in east and drop in west by the mankind from ancient times, and the cyclically-varying of solar azimuth rather payes attention to, and make a series of calendar instructing people's daily life system on this basis.It is exactly a kind of solar calendar that the Greggory that the current whole world is general is gone through, and the period of revolution that 1 year corresponding earth runs around the sun, orientation and the sun set/raise time of the sun back and forth changed with year for the cycle.
The stem-winder display sun runs and the mode of sun set/raise time has a lot, and most commonly seen is pointer-type.Before more than 100 year, pocket-watch can show sun set/raise time by pointer, but just realizes on watch to function same in recent years.Although this display mode may indicate that sun set/raise time, but cannot show the operation of the sun.Proposing the display mode of the operation of a kind of sun and sun set/raise time in patent CH690516A5, shown the operation of the sun by a ring-like window, the border of window was moved according to the date, corresponding sun set/raise time.But the every three talent's rotations of the sun are turned around in this mechanism, the border of ring-like window is not owing to being level and not corresponding to horizon, and therefore this design can not show the actual apparent motion of the sun.In patent EP1962154B1, a root pointer instruction mean solar hour, turns around for every 24 hours;The sun set/raise time of two other root pointer instruction appointed place, changed with the date.The method shows haunting of solar time and the sun better, but the method still falls within pointer-type, if the pointer by the instruction solar time changes solar pattern into, then after sunrise, the sun is but below dial plate, and turns clockwise, and does not conform to the actual conditions.And this mechanism is extremely complex, it is achieved difficulty is very big.Up to the present, can showing the apparent motion of the sun but without stem-winder, and show sunrise sunset with horizon, sun set/raise time changed according to the date simultaneously.
Summary of the invention
This utility model is solved the technical problem that to be, overcomes prior art defect, it is provided that a kind of along with the difference on date, the sun is for the long indication mechanism also having periodically variable sun real-time azimuthal in horizontal orientation and day.
The technical scheme that this utility model patent adopts: the solar azimuth of a kind of wrist-watch and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, including, drive part, order control part and function display part;Described drive part is power intake drive command control part, by function display part display solar azimuth and sunrise sunset.
Described drive part includes, and riveted is integrated and can take turns around the date wheel parts that coaxial line rotates and shifting block;The shifting block of described shifting block wheel stirs idle wheel;Described order control part includes, and pressing is integrated and the cam of synchronous axial system takes turns sheet and cam and lever;Described lever is fixed on clamping plate, and the contact of lever one end is in close contact with the outer rim of cam all the time;Described function indication mechanism part includes, and first amplifies wheel, the second amplification wheel, hold-down mechanism, slide block, horizon indicator board and solar disk;The other end of described lever is that sector and first amplifies wheel engagement;Described second amplifies wheel is integrated with the first amplification wheel riveted, and second amplifies wheel engages with the tooth bar of slide block, and described horizon indicator board is connected with slide block, and described solar disk is arranged on clamping plate.
Described hold-down mechanism includes holddown spring, wire spring or pole spring, and lever pushed down all the time by spring.
Being formed with a U-lag on the indicator board of described horizon, the wheel shaft of solar disk is in U-lag, and horizon indicator board moves up and down in U-lag with slide block;Described horizon indicator board does upper and lower straight reciprocating motion once according to the date every year.
Described first amplifies wheel, the second amplification wheel and holddown spring coaxial line is fixed as one, and can along axis synchronous axial system.
Described horizon indicator board and slide block finely tune both relative positions by eccentric nail.
This utility model patent provides the benefit that: due to horizon indicator board moving relative to solar disk, effectively show the apparent motion of the sun, and meanwhile, sun set/raise time adjusts automatically according to date change;This mechanism is simple and reliable, and difficulty of processing is relatively low, and versatility is good;Integrated model is relatively independent, occupies little space, it is possible to accomplish independent adjustment, bulk handling;This mechanism module is possible not only to load on perpetual calendar movement, non-perpetual calendar movement is equally applicable, substantially increase the adaptive capacity of this module, become the functional module that a kind of versatility is very high, particularly this mechanism element can according to making different latitude residing for employment make corresponding replacement, to meet the instructions for use in different latitude area, the world, interchangeablity is good.
It addition, integrated by accurate calculating, sunrise time variation track and sunset time variation track are reasonably merged, thus reaching to would indicate that horizontal display panel has two pieces to be reduced to one piece, it is possible not only to meet functional requirement, more greatly reduces the complexity of structure, reduce production cost.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the planar structure schematic diagram of this utility model patent Example 1;
Fig. 2 is the axial arrangement schematic diagram of this utility model patent;
Fig. 3 is the summer solstice state plane schematic diagram of this utility model patent;
Fig. 4 is the planar structure schematic diagram of this utility model patent Example 2;
Fig. 5 is the planar structure schematic diagram of this utility model patent Example 3;
Fig. 6 is the planar structure schematic diagram of this utility model patent Example 4;
Fig. 7 is the planar structure schematic diagram of this utility model patent Example 5;
Fig. 8 is the planar structure schematic diagram of this utility model patent Example 6.
In figure:
1: date wheel parts 2: shifting block wheel 3: idle wheel
4: cam wheel sheet 5: cam 6: lever
Amplify wheel 8: the second at 7: the first amplifies wheel 9: holddown spring
10: slide block 11: horizon indicator board 12: solar disk
13: the sun 14: sunrise horizon 15: sunset horizon.
Detailed description of the invention
Below, it is described in further details in conjunction with the accompanying drawing structure to this utility model patent and work process:
This utility model solar azimuth indication mechanism, including, drive part, order control part and function display part;Described drive part is power intake drive command control part, shows solar azimuth by function display part.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, drive part includes, and riveted is integrated and can turn around around the date wheel parts 1 that coaxial line rotates and shifting block wheel 2, date wheel parts 1 and shifting block wheel 2 monthly rotation;The shifting block of described shifting block wheel 2 stirs idle wheel 3;Described order control part includes, cam wheel sheet 4, cam 5 and lever 6, cam 5 is fixed as one with cam wheel sheet 4, cam 5 can take turns the pivot center of sheet 4 for turning round center line and cam wheel sheet 4 synchronous axial system by cam, the contact of described lever 6 is in close contact with the outer rim of cam 5, along with the rotation of cam 5, the cam external profile diameter of contact changes, and lever 6 can around pivot axis;Described function indication mechanism part includes, and first amplifies wheel 7, second amplifies wheel 8, hold-down mechanism, slide block 10, horizon indicator board 11 and solar disk 12;Hold-down mechanism includes holddown spring, wire spring or pole spring, and lever 6 pushed down all the time by spring;The other end of described lever 6 is that sector and first amplifies wheel 7 engagement;Described second amplification wheel 8 and the first amplification wheel 7 riveteds are integrated, and the second amplification is taken turns 8 and engaged with the tooth bar of slide block 10, and described horizon indicator board 11 is connected with slide block 10, and described solar disk 12 is arranged on clamping plate;Being formed with a U-lag on horizon indicator board 11, the wheel shaft of solar disk 12 is in U-lag, and horizon indicator board 11 moves up and down in U-lag with slide block 10;Horizon indicator board 11 and slide block 10 finely tune both relative positions by eccentric nail.
It is worthy of note, the shifting block wheel 2 of the embodiment 1 of this utility model solar azimuth indication mechanism there are six shifting blocks, the shifting block of shifting block wheel 2 can stir idle wheel 3, mutual moving situation between shifting block wheel 2 and idle wheel 3 is: between one month, shifting block wheel 2 stirs idle wheel 3 six times, owing to date wheel parts 1 must be rotate one week for one month, therefore being no matter be also non-perpetual calendar structure at perpetual calendar, this moving situation must be set up;Described idle wheel 3 is taken turns sheet 4 with cam and is engaged, cam wheel sheet complete cycle is 72 teeth, because shifting block was taken turns for 2 every months and is stirred idle wheel 3 six times, so idle wheel 3 rotates six teeth every month, because cam wheel sheet 4 engages each other with idle wheel 3, so cam wheel sheet 4 rotates six teeth every month, within 1 year, namely rotating 6 × 12 teeth, 72 teeth just rotate one week.Additionally, first amplification wheel 7, second amplifies wheel 8, holddown spring 9 three's coaxial line is fixed as one, and can common axis line synchronous axial system, holddown spring 9 makes the contact of lever 6 be in close contact the outer rim of cam 5 all the time, and holddown spring 9 effectively eliminates the backlash between the first amplification wheel 7 and lever 6 simultaneously;Described second amplifies after linear velocity increased by wheel 8 by gear ratio, engages with the tooth bar of slide block 10, and such slide block 10 just can pass through tooth transmission, along with when cam 5 rotates the change in location of lever 6 contact and do upper and lower rectilinear motion;Described horizon indicator board 11 is connected with slide block 10, it is possible to finely tuned both relative positions by eccentric nail;Having the sun 13 to rotate one week every day in a counterclockwise direction on described solar disk 12, imitate the sun and rise in east and drop in west, when principle is with common 24, mechanism is identical, repeats no more here.The right side top edge of described horizon indicator board 11 is sunrise horizon 14, and left side top edge is sunset horizon 15.Every day is sunrise when the sun 13 edge has just exposed sunrise horizon 14;It is sunset when the sun 13 edge falls completely within sunset horizon 15.Time between from sun to sun is that day is long.
The operation principle of this utility model solar azimuth indication mechanism is:
State shown in Fig. 1 is the winter solstice, and the contact point of lever 6 and cam 5 is farthest away from the revolution center line of cam 5, and horizon indicator board 11 is the most top, and therefore user is it can be seen that the shortest time of the sun on solar disk, and this day is long the shortest;As time go on, date wheel parts 1 rotate clockwise together with taking turns 2 with shifting block, shifting block is stirred idle wheel 3 and is rotated counterclockwise, cam wheel sheet 4 engages with idle wheel 3, cam 5 is fixed with cam wheel sheet 4 coaxial line, rotate clockwise together with sheet 4 so cam 5 is taken turns with cam, the contact point of lever 6 and cam 5 is increasingly closer to the axis of rotation of cam 5, so lever 6 rotates clockwise, first amplifies wheel 7 engages with the sector of lever 6, second amplifies wheel 8 coaxially rotates counterclockwise together with first amplifies wheel 7, second amplifies wheel 8 engages with the tooth bar of slide block 10, so the downward rectilinear motion of slide block 10.When cam 5 turns to the position shown in Fig. 3, i.e. the summer solstice, the contact point of lever 6 and cam 5 is closest to the revolution center line of cam 5, and most on the lower, therefore user is it can be seen that the time of the sun on solar disk is the longest, and this day is long the longest for horizon indicator board 11;Date wheel parts 1 rotate clockwise together with taking turns 2 continuation with shifting block, and by transmission, the contact point of lever 6 and cam 5 is more and more far away from the axis of rotation of cam 5, slide block 10 starts upwards rectilinear motion, when mechanism turns again to state shown in Fig. 1, i.e. the winter solstice, now through 1 year.Continue above-mentioned afterwards, do cycle movement.
As shown in Figure 4; embodiment 2; if power intake being changed a month band moving cam wheel sheet 4 into rotate a tooth; or input changes into one week and rotates a circle; or input changes into one day and rotates circle etc.; have only to that the number of teeth that input and cam wheel sheet 4 are associated is made simple change according to different input modes achieve that, belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
As it is shown in figure 5, compressing structure is changed into wire spring or pole spring by embodiment 3, push down lever 6 holddown spring 9(2 as shown in Figure 5), equally possible play the effect that the contact making lever 6 is in close contact the outer rim of cam 5 all the time.
As shown in Figure 6, embodiment 4 individually engages holddown spring 9(3 as shown in Figure 6 with the tooth bar on slide block 10 by independent for compressing structure), equally possible play the effect that the contact making lever 6 is in close contact the outer rim of cam 5 all the time, effectively eliminate slide block 10 and second simultaneously and amplify wheel 8 and the first backlash amplifying between wheel 7 and lever 6.
As shown in Figure 7, compressing structure is changed into wire spring or pole spring by embodiment 5, push down slide block 10 holddown spring 9(4 as shown in Figure 7), equally possible play the effect that the contact making lever 6 is in close contact the outer rim of cam 5 all the time, effectively eliminate slide block 10 and second simultaneously and amplify wheel 8 and the first backlash amplifying between wheel 7 and lever 6.
As shown in Figure 8, embodiment 6 eliminates idle wheel 3, it is worthy of note, be no matter cancel idle wheel or increase more stages idle wheel and be attained by the effect identical with this patent, belong to protection domain of the present utility model.
This utility model solar azimuth indication mechanism is simple and reliable, and difficulty of processing is relatively low, and versatility is good.This mechanism's entirety is relatively independent, occupies little space, it is possible to accomplish independent adjustment, bulk handling.Mechanism element can according to making different latitude residing for employment make corresponding replacement, and to meet the instructions for use in different latitude area, the world, interchangeablity is good.
It addition, integrated by accurate calculating, sunrise time variation track and sunset time variation track are reasonably merged, thus reaching to would indicate that horizontal display panel has two pieces to be reduced to one piece, it is possible not only to meet functional requirement, more greatly reduces the complexity of structure, reduce production cost.
When mechanism's employing hairspring but not pole spring position, consumption moment is little, improves mechanism reliability.
This mechanism module is possible not only to load on perpetual calendar movement, and non-perpetual calendar movement is equally applicable, substantially increases the adaptive capacity of this module, becomes the functional module that a kind of versatility is very high.
It is worthy of note; protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to above-mentioned instantiation mode; conceive according to basic fundamental of the present utility model; can also pass through to change connected mode, change the number of teeth of gear, increase the quantity of idle wheel; change and indicate energy state to realize the purpose of this utility model with other indicants; as long as those of ordinary skill in the art need not move through creative work, the embodiment that can associate, belong to protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (6)

1. the solar azimuth of a wrist-watch and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, it is characterised in that include, drive part, order control part and function display part;Described drive part is power intake drive command control part, by function display part display solar azimuth and sunrise sunset.
2. the solar azimuth of wrist-watch according to claim 1 and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, it is characterised in that described drive part includes, riveted is integrated and can take turns (2) around the date wheel parts (1) that coaxial line rotates and shifting block;The shifting block of described shifting block wheel (2) stirs idle wheel (3);Described order control part includes, and pressing is integrated and the cam of synchronous axial system takes turns sheet (4) and cam (5) and lever (6);Described lever (6) is fixed on clamping plate, and the contact of lever (6) one end is in close contact with the outer rim of cam (5) all the time;Described function indication mechanism part includes, and first amplifies wheel (7), the second amplification wheel (8), hold-down mechanism, slide block (10), horizon indicator board (11) and solar disk (12);The other end of described lever (6) is that sector and first amplifies wheel (7) engagement;Described second amplifies wheel (8) is integrated with first amplification wheel (7) riveted, and second amplifies wheel (8) engages with the tooth bar of slide block (10), and described horizon indicator board (11) is connected with slide block (10), and described solar disk (12) is arranged on clamping plate.
3. the solar azimuth of wrist-watch according to claim 2 and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, it is characterised in that described hold-down mechanism includes holddown spring, wire spring or pole spring, and lever (6) pushed down all the time by spring.
4. the solar azimuth of wrist-watch according to claim 2 and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, it is characterized in that, described horizon indicator board (11) is formed a U-lag, the wheel shaft of solar disk (12) is in U-lag, and horizon indicator board (11) moves up and down in U-lag with slide block (10);Upper and lower straight reciprocating motion is done once according to the date every year in described horizon indicator board (11).
5. the solar azimuth of wrist-watch according to claim 3 and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, it is characterised in that described first amplify wheel (7), second amplify wheel (8) and holddown spring (9) coaxial line is fixed as one, and can along axis synchronous axial system.
6. the solar azimuth of wrist-watch according to claim 2 and sunrise sunset indication mechanism, it is characterised in that described horizon indicator board (11) and slide block (10) finely tune both relative positions by eccentric nail.
CN201521095284.3U 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sun direction and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch Expired - Fee Related CN205375002U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521095284.3U CN205375002U (en) 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sun direction and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521095284.3U CN205375002U (en) 2015-12-23 2015-12-23 Sun direction and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch

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CN205375002U true CN205375002U (en) 2016-07-06

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106909056A (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-06-30 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 Sun azimuth and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch
CN111090232A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-01 维沃移动通信有限公司 Electronic device
CN113093505A (en) * 2019-12-23 2021-07-09 布朗潘有限公司 Moon phase display mechanism

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106909056A (en) * 2015-12-23 2017-06-30 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 Sun azimuth and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch
CN106909056B (en) * 2015-12-23 2018-10-02 天津海鸥表业集团有限公司 Sun azimuth and sunrise and sunset display mechanism of watch
CN113093505A (en) * 2019-12-23 2021-07-09 布朗潘有限公司 Moon phase display mechanism
US11940760B2 (en) 2019-12-23 2024-03-26 Blancpain Sa Moon phase display mechanism
CN111090232A (en) * 2019-12-26 2020-05-01 维沃移动通信有限公司 Electronic device

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160706

Termination date: 20181223