CN205351461U - Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system - Google Patents

Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205351461U
CN205351461U CN201521019644.1U CN201521019644U CN205351461U CN 205351461 U CN205351461 U CN 205351461U CN 201521019644 U CN201521019644 U CN 201521019644U CN 205351461 U CN205351461 U CN 205351461U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
photovoltaic
power generation
heat supply
window
supply system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Withdrawn - After Issue
Application number
CN201521019644.1U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈海飞
郭晶晶
王超伟
蔡宝瑞
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Changzhou University
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Changzhou University
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Priority to CN201521019644.1U priority Critical patent/CN205351461U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems, e.g. uninterruptible or back-up power supplies integrating renewable energies
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B30/00Energy efficient heating, ventilation or air conditioning [HVAC]
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/50Photovoltaic [PV] energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The utility model relates to a photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system, the system includes photovoltaic double window, heating system and power generation system. Wherein the photovoltaic double window passes through the airtight hollow structure that the window form frame formed by photovoltaic board and low -E glass. The remaining heat energy of photovoltaic board electricity generation is brought into water tank through airtight hollow structure to the cycle fluid. It to indoor heating, can be used to building heat supply demand summer to pass through the geothermol power pipeline in winter. The utility model discloses the daylighting requirement of traditional window can be satisfied, the indoor thermal -insulated problem in house can be solved simultaneously, supply heat in the time of photovoltaic power generation, can greatly reduced the indoor energy consumption of building.

Description

Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system
Technical field
This utility model relates to the solar building integrated field of environment-friendly and energy-efficient, especially a kind of photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system.
Background technology
Traditional construction window effect of heat insulation is very poor, and Xia Redong is cold;Photovoltaic system just progressively expands its development at building field by its increasingly mature technology in recent years, defines a lot of solar building integrated technology.
Photovoltaic window (such as patent CN302056150) domestic at present, although generating effect can be played, but owing to its surface temperature is too high, cause that its photoelectric transformation efficiency is low, thus affecting its generating efficiency, generate electricity overall high cost.Secondly, very big a part of heat-energy losses is had after photovoltaic panel generating, thus reducing photovoltaic/thermal overall efficiency.
Utility model content
The technical problems to be solved in the utility model is: the deficiency existed for existing photovoltaic window, this utility model provides a kind of photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system, adopt double-layer seal window structure, cooling medium is passed to while photovoltaic generation, solve photovoltaic panel temperature and cross high generation efficiency difference, the problems such as thermal loss, reduce building energy consumption.
This utility model solves its technical problem and be the technical scheme is that a kind of photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system, including photovoltaic dual-layer window, heating system and electricity generation system, described photovoltaic dual-layer window includes photovoltaic panel, described heating system and electricity generation system provides energy by described photovoltaic panel.
Described photovoltaic dual-layer window also includes forms framework and glass plate, and described photovoltaic panel and glass plate are oppositely arranged and form airtight hollow structure by forms framework;Described forms framework is provided with pipeline, and described pipeline has inlet and outlet, and described inlet and outlet all connects with described airtight hollow structure.Described inlet and outlet connects with described airtight hollow structure respectively through multiple equally distributed interfaces;Described photovoltaic panel and glass plate are embedded in forms framework, and multiple described interfaces that described airtight hollow structure is uniformly arranged by the upper and lower sides of forms framework are connected with forms framework.
Also include water tank, by pipeline connection between described airtight hollow structure and water tank, described water tank by pump to described heating system heat supply.Cycle fluid in pipeline enters airtight hollow structure, returns to water tank from outlet and complete a circulation after absorbing the heat of photovoltaic panel;Described heating system can pass through geothermal system to indoor heating, and the water temperature in water tank reaches the requirement of temperature control system, then hot water is sent into the circulating line in room, by the mode of radiant heating, architecture indoor is heated;Realize solar building integrated application, architecture indoor load can be greatly reduced.
Described import is positioned at indoor, and described outlet is positioned at outdoor.Cycle fluid in pipeline can be air, outlet is connected to outdoor, and cold air enters photovoltaic dual-layer window from import and photovoltaic panel is cooled down, and temperature is exhausted directly to outdoor from outlet after raising, prevent in heat inlet chamber, therefore can play heat-insulating efficiency well summer.And in the winter time, it is used directly for building heat supplying from the hot-air exported out, improve indoor thermal environment.
Described electricity generation system includes circuit and header box, and described circuit is arranged on forms framework, and described photovoltaic panel connects header box by circuit, and described header box connects accumulator or inverter.
Described glass plate is Low-E glass plate, and described photovoltaic panel is Clairvoyant type thin film photovoltaic panel, and the photovoltaic panel back side is coated with insulating barrier.
Described photovoltaic dual-layer window is the array formed by multiple photovoltaic panel, and circuit connected in series between two adjacent photovoltaic panel.
Described pipeline is same Cheng Guanlu, it is ensured that cycle fluid can flow uniformly through airtight hollow structure, thus ensureing the uniformity of whole photovoltaic panel temperature.Cycle fluid in described pipeline is water or air, if water, then can pass through winter such as geothermal system etc. and carry out indoor heating;If air, then summer need to by outside hot-air discharge chamber.
Described heating system includes geothermal system, and described geothermal system is the inflection type underground pipe laid at building interlayer.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are as follows:
1. this utility model will combine for heat and generating power, and heating system can reduce the surface temperature of photovoltaic panel, improve the photoelectric transformation efficiency of photovoltaic panel, thus improving generating efficiency, solve the problem that conventional photovoltaic window generating efficiency is low;
2. this utility model passes to cooling working medium between photovoltaic panel and glass plate, can effectively reduce the surface temperature of photovoltaic cell, improve its electricity conversion, can also obtain corresponding heat energy in addition, substantially increase the overall efficiency of system;
3. the pattern of this utility model employing photovoltaic window serial array, compact conformation, easy for installation;
4. solar energy is combined by this utility model with construction window and floor heating etc., it is not necessary to additionally take construction area, can be substantially reduced building energy consumption simultaneously, improve indoor thermal environment.
5. this utility model may be used for residential housing body of wall south orientation window, it is also possible to is applied to the lighting roof etc. of large-scale commercial building.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, this utility model is further illustrated.
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system optimal embodiment of the present utility model.
Fig. 2 is the front view of the photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 3 is the side view of the photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system shown in Fig. 1.
Fig. 4 is that in photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system of the present utility model, cycle fluid is the operating diagram of water.
In figure 100, photovoltaic dual-layer window, 200, heating system, 300, electricity generation system, 1, photovoltaic panel, 2, forms framework, 3, circuit, 4, import, 5, outlet, 6, interface, 7, glass plate, 8, airtight hollow structure, 9, geothermal system.
Detailed description of the invention
Presently in connection with accompanying drawing, this utility model is described in further detail.These accompanying drawings are the schematic diagram of simplification, and basic structure of the present utility model is only described in a schematic way, and therefore it only shows the composition relevant with this utility model.
As Figure 1-3, a kind of photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system of the present utility model, including photovoltaic dual-layer window 100, heating system 200 and electricity generation system 300, described photovoltaic dual-layer window 100 includes photovoltaic panel 1, forms framework 2 and glass plate 7, described heating system 200 and electricity generation system 300 provides energy by described photovoltaic panel 1.Described forms framework 2 to meet intensity and the seal request of building forms, and described photovoltaic dual-layer window 100 is the array formed by multiple photovoltaic panel 1, and circuit connected in series between two adjacent photovoltaic panel 1.Described glass plate 7 is Low-E glass plate, and described photovoltaic panel 1 is Clairvoyant type thin film photovoltaic panel, and photovoltaic panel 1 back side is coated with insulating barrier.Described photovoltaic panel 1 and glass plate 7 are oppositely arranged and form airtight hollow structure 8 by forms framework 2;Described forms framework 2 is provided with pipeline, and described pipeline has import 4 and outlet 5, and described import 4 all connects with described airtight hollow structure 8 with outlet 5.Described pipeline is same Cheng Guanlu, and the cycle fluid in described pipeline is water or air.
Described import 4 connects with described airtight hollow structure 8 respectively through multiple equally distributed interfaces 6 with outlet 5;Described photovoltaic panel 1 and glass plate 7 are embedded in forms framework 2, and multiple described interfaces 6 that described airtight hollow structure 8 is uniformly arranged by the upper and lower sides of forms framework 2 are connected with forms framework 2.
Cycle fluid such as water enters photovoltaic dual-layer window 100 from import 4, flows through photovoltaic panel 1 by multiple interfaces 6, and photovoltaic panel 1 carries out cooling heat radiation, and cycle fluid is finally from outlet 5 outflow.Cycle fluid enters heating system 200 after the heat of repeatedly cyclic absorption photovoltaic window heats up, and provides thermal source for architecture indoor.
Described electricity generation system 300 includes circuit 3 and header box, and circuit 3 is the circuit that multiple photovoltaic panel 1 is serially connected, and photovoltaic panel 1 is nested in forms framework 2, and ensures its insulating properties.Described circuit 3 is arranged on forms framework 2, and described photovoltaic panel 1 connects header box by circuit 3, and described header box connects accumulator or inverter.Sunlight generates electricity in photovoltaic panel 1 and enters electricity generation system 300 by circuit 3, both can enter accumulator supply architecture indoor electricity consumption, it is also possible to enter utility network by grid-connected inverters.
Also include water tank, by pipeline connection between described airtight hollow structure 8 and water tank, described water tank by pump to the heat supply of described heating system 200.As shown in Figure 4, described heating system 200 includes geothermal system 9, and described geothermal system 9 is the inflection type underground pipe laid at building interlayer.After sending into water tank by the hot water collected by photovoltaic dual-layer window 100, the water temperature in water tank reaches the requirement of temperature control system, then hot water is sent into the circulating line in room, by the mode of radiant heating, architecture indoor is heated;Realize solar building integrated application, architecture indoor load can be greatly reduced.
Described import 4 is positioned at indoor, and described outlet 5 is positioned at outdoor.Namely also circulating cooling working medium can be changed into air, directly outlet 5 being connected to outdoor, cold air enters photovoltaic dual-layer window 100 from import 4 and photovoltaic panel 1 is cooled down, and temperature is exhausted directly to outdoor from outlet 5 after raising, prevent in heat inlet chamber, therefore can play heat-insulating efficiency well summer.And in the winter time operational mode is used directly for building heat supplying from outlet 5 hot-airs out, improve indoor thermal environment.
Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system of the present utility model is not limited in residential housing body of wall south orientation window, it is also possible to be applied to the lighting roof etc. of large-scale commercial building.Cycle fluid in pipeline brings attemperater into by the airtight hollow structure remaining heat energy that photovoltaic panel generated electricity.In the winter time by geothermal heat pipeline to indoor heating, can be used for space heating demand summer.This utility model can meet the daylighting requirement of traditional windows, can solve house indoor heat-insulating problem simultaneously;Heat is supplied, it is possible to be substantially reduced the indoor energy consumption of building while photovoltaic generation.
With above-mentioned according to desirable embodiment of the present utility model for enlightenment, by above-mentioned description, relevant staff in the scope not necessarily departing from this utility model technological thought, can carry out various change and amendment completely.The technical scope of this utility model is not limited to the content in description, it is necessary to determine its technical scope according to right.

Claims (10)

1. a photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system, it is characterized in that: include photovoltaic dual-layer window (100), heating system (200) and electricity generation system (300), described photovoltaic dual-layer window (100) includes photovoltaic panel (1), described heating system (200) and electricity generation system (300) provides energy by described photovoltaic panel (1).
2. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described photovoltaic dual-layer window (100) also includes forms framework (2) and glass plate (7), described photovoltaic panel (1) and glass plate (7) are oppositely arranged and form airtight hollow structure (8) by forms framework (2);Described forms framework (2) is provided with pipeline, and described pipeline has import (4) and outlet (5), and described import (4) all connects with described airtight hollow structure (8) with outlet (5).
3. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described import (4) connects with described airtight hollow structure (8) respectively through multiple equally distributed interfaces (6) with outlet (5);Described photovoltaic panel (1) and glass plate (7) are embedded in forms framework (2), and multiple described interfaces (6) that described airtight hollow structure (8) is uniformly arranged by the upper and lower sides of forms framework (2) are connected with forms framework (2).
4. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: also include water tank, by pipeline connection between described airtight hollow structure (8) and water tank, described water tank by pump to described heating system (200) heat supply.
5. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described import (4) is positioned at indoor, and described outlet (5) is positioned at outdoor.
6. the photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that: described electricity generation system (300) includes circuit (3) and header box, described circuit (3) is arranged on forms framework (2), described photovoltaic panel (1) connects header box by circuit (3), and described header box connects accumulator or inverter.
7. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described glass plate (7) is Low-E glass plate, and described photovoltaic panel (1) is Clairvoyant type thin film photovoltaic panel, and photovoltaic panel (1) back side is coated with insulating barrier.
8. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described photovoltaic dual-layer window (100) is the array formed by multiple photovoltaic panel (1), and circuit connected in series between adjacent two photovoltaic panel (1).
9. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described pipeline is same Cheng Guanlu, and the cycle fluid in described pipeline is water or air.
10. photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described heating system (200) includes geothermal system (9), and described geothermal system (9) is the inflection type underground pipe laid at building interlayer.
CN201521019644.1U 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system Withdrawn - After Issue CN205351461U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521019644.1U CN205351461U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521019644.1U CN205351461U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205351461U true CN205351461U (en) 2016-06-29

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201521019644.1U Withdrawn - After Issue CN205351461U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105352004A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 常州大学 Power generation heating system with photovoltaic window

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105352004A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 常州大学 Power generation heating system with photovoltaic window
CN105352004B (en) * 2015-12-10 2018-06-12 常州大学 photovoltaic window power generation and heat supply system

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
AV01 Patent right actively abandoned

Granted publication date: 20160629

Effective date of abandoning: 20180612

AV01 Patent right actively abandoned