CN104807206A - Solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integration system in severe cold area - Google Patents

Solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integration system in severe cold area Download PDF

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CN104807206A
CN104807206A CN201510093965.4A CN201510093965A CN104807206A CN 104807206 A CN104807206 A CN 104807206A CN 201510093965 A CN201510093965 A CN 201510093965A CN 104807206 A CN104807206 A CN 104807206A
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air
outlet
photovoltaic
temperature
integration
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CN201510093965.4A
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CN104807206B (en
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吉军
王江龄
闫晓丹
陈茹
吉言
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沈阳建筑大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/10Photovoltaic [PV]
    • Y02B10/12Roof systems for PV cells
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/70Hybrid systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/60Thermal-PV hybrids

Abstract

The invention aims to provide a solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integration system in a severe cold area. The building surface adopts photovoltaic power generation while effectively collects and uses heat generated by a photovoltaic plate, so as to provide passive heat supply and ventilation to the inner part of a room. The system solves the problem of low power generation efficiency caused by temperature rise and greatly converts and uses solar energy at the same time to provide guarantee for heating in winter at the severe cold area; the solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integration system generates power while preserve warm, and is able to greatly store the heat generated by conversion in winter to the inner part of an enclosure structure, and improve the using efficiency; with assistance of double-source hot pump, the solar photovoltaic photo-thermal integration system guarantees the shortcoming of a passive solar photo-thermal system, avoids possible problems under extreme climate, and guarantees high-efficient display of the passive solar application system in different weathers.

Description

严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统 Solar photovoltaic-thermal system integrated cold Regional Integration

[0001] [0001]

技术领域 FIELD

[0002] 本发明属于被动太阳能技术领域,特别是涉及一种严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统。 [0002] The present invention belongs to the technical field of passive solar energy, more particularly to a cold area Photovoltaic solar heat integration system integration.

背景技术 Background technique

[0003] 季杰等人提出光伏墙体发电的改良措施。 [0003] season Jie, who proposed improvement measures photovoltaic power generation wall. 其主要利用光伏片进行光电转换,考虑到光伏电板受温度影响,即温度升高光电效率降低因素,他们在PV模板背面设计良好的冷却通风流道来有效降低PV模板的工作温度,提高工作效率。 The main use of the photovoltaic sheet performs photoelectric conversion, taking into account the photovoltaic panel is affected by temperature, i.e. the temperature increase photoelectric efficiency factor of reducing their well-designed cooling wind flow path through the back surface of the template PV PV effectively lower the operating temperature of the template, improve effectiveness. 但这种方案虽保证了光伏电板的发电效率,却使光伏墙体暴露在外界空气中,使得光热未能得到充分利用。 However, this embodiment ensures that, although the power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic panel, photovoltaic filling the wall exposed to ambient air, so that the photothermal underutilized.

[0004] 季杰、陆剑平等人研宄出一种新型全铝扁盒式PV/T热水系统,安文韬、刘彦丰基于温度升高对光伏组件效率的影响,提出了水冷却型和空气冷却型两种模式来进行降温以此获得更高的转化率,其原理则是将单晶硅光伏电池与全铝扁盒式太阳能热水器集热板通过特殊工艺粘结起来,制成了一套自然循环式光伏光热一体化系统。 [0004] quaternary Jay, et al., Lu Jianping study based on a new type of flat aluminum cartridge PV / T hot water system, An Wentao, Liu Yanfeng based impact on the efficiency of the photovoltaic module temperature increases, the water cooling type proposed and air cooling type cooling modes in order to obtain a higher conversion, the principle of single crystal silicon photovoltaic cells and sucked aluminum flat plate solar water heating cartridge bonded through a special process, it is made of a sets of natural circulation type integrated photovoltaic solar thermal system. 虽然这种系统有效的利用了太阳能发电、发热,但由于自身的局限性即水冷不适合严寒地区,使得在严寒地区很难与建筑物结合起来。 While this system effective use of solar power, heat, but because of their own limitations that is not suitable for water-cooled cold regions, cold regions is difficult to make in the building together.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0005] 本发明为了克服现有技术存在的缺陷,本发明的目的是提供一种实现光电转换同时具有更好的保温隔热效果,夏季隔热、冬季保温。 [0005] The present invention is to overcome the drawbacks of the prior art, an object of the present invention is to provide a photoelectric conversion achieved while having a better thermal insulation effect, heat in summer, winter insulation. 并可以通过室内外空气被动循环,来调节室温,能够结合双源热泵辅助保障被动式太阳能光热系统的不足的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统。 And indoor and outdoor air by passive loop to adjust the room temperature, is capable of binding double-source heat pump inadequate protection cold areas Photovoltaic solar heat integration system integrated passive solar thermal system.

[0006] 本发明所采用的技术解决方案是严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其包括: [0006] The technical solutions of the present invention is used in cold areas Photovoltaic solar heat integration system integration, comprising:

光伏、光热一体化外围护结构,用于太阳能的采集和对房屋的保温; Photovoltaic, solar thermal integration of external envelope, for use in solar collection and incubated for housing;

储热箱; The thermal storage tank;

双源热泵,热泵工作为储热箱提供热源; Dual-source heat pump, a heat pump to provide heat to the thermal storage tank;

温控开关; thermal control;

内部空气循环结构,用于室内外空气被动循环与双源热泵主动循环。 Internal air circulation structure for indoor and outdoor air circulation and passive dual-source heat pump cycle active.

[0007] 所述的光伏、光热一体化外围护结构由外而内分别设置为双层玻璃、光伏板、空气通道和保温墙体。 [0007] The photovoltaic, thermal integration of external envelope of light from outside to inside are provided as double glazing, photovoltaic panels, wall insulation and air passages.

[0008] 所述的内部空气循环结构第I风口、第2风口、第3风口、第4风口、第5风口、第6风口、建筑管井、屋面板和回风通道,所述的第I风口设置在双层玻璃的底部位置,所述的第3风口、第2风口和第4风口设置在保温墙体的上,所述的第3风口设置在保温墙体底部位置,所述的第2风口设置在保温墙体的顶部位置,所述的第4风口设置在房屋吊顶高度位置与第3风口高度位置之间;所述的建筑管井与房屋吊顶连接处设置有第6风口,所述的第5风口设置在房屋吊顶上与第6风口相邻,所述的回风通道设置在地面底部,所述的回风通道设置有第I回风口和第2回风口,所述的第I回风口设置在光伏、光热一体化外围护结构的空气通道处,所述的第2回风口设置在保温墙体与建筑管井之间。 Circulating inside air outlet structure I, [0008] according to the second outlet, the third outlet, the first outlet 4, the outlet 5, the outlet 6, tube wells building, roof and return air channel, said first outlet I provided in double-glazed bottom position, the third outlet, the second outlet and the second outlet 4 is disposed on the insulated wall, the third air outlet provided at a bottom position of wall insulation, said second tuyere provided at the top position of the insulated wall, the first outlet 4 is disposed between the housing and the height position of the ceiling height position of the third outlet; said tube well building ceiling and housing connection 6 is provided with a first outlet, said fifth and the sixth air outlet provided on the housing adjacent to the ceiling, the air return passage is provided on the bottom surface, said air return passage is provided with a first and a second I return air return air, the return of I tuyere provided in photovoltaic, solar thermal integration of the air passage at the external structure, the second between the return air and building insulation wall disposed tube wells.

[0009] 所述的双源热泵的空气输入端与建筑管井的一端相连接,所述的双源热泵的空气输出端与回风通道一端相连接,所述的双源热泵与储热箱相连接。 Dual-source heat pump [0009] The input terminal and one end of an air tube wells construction connected to the output of the two air-source heat pump and return air channel connected to one end of the double-source heat pump and the thermal storage tank with connection.

[0010] 所述的温控开关的温度传感器分别设置在房屋吊顶上和空气通道内。 [0010] The temperature sensor is temperature-dependent switches are arranged on the inner housing and the ceiling air duct.

[0011] 所述的第5风口为常开状态。 [0011] The fifth outlet is normally open.

[0012] 当室外平均温度高于16°时外部得热高于围护结构失热,关闭第3风口和第4风口,开启第I风口和第2风口: [0012] When the average outdoor temperature is higher than 16 ° external heat gain envelope than heat loss, and to close the third air outlet 4, the first opening and the second air outlet I:

当温控开关的温度传感器检测到当室内温度高于29°时,启动双源热泵,与双源热泵空气输入端相连接的建筑管井通过第5风口和第6风口将室内热空气收集,压缩为冷空气,将压缩后的冷空气通过回风通道从第2回风口输送至室内进行降温; When the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch when the room temperature is higher than 29 °, starting dual-source heat pump, is connected to the double tube well building air source heat pump via the input terminal 5 of the air outlet 6 and an indoor heat air collection, compression cold air, the cold air and the compressed air delivery passageway through the return back from the second chamber to cool the air;

冬季,关闭第I风口和第2风口: In winter, I close the first outlet and a second outlet:

白天,当温控开关的温度传感器检测到空气通道3温度大于18°时,打开第3风口和第4风口; During the day, when the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch of the air passage 3 when the temperature is greater than 18 °, open the third outlet and the fourth outlet;

当温控开关的温度传感器检测到当室内温度高于25°时,启动双源热泵,关闭第2回风口,与双源热泵空气输入端相连接的建筑管井通过第5风口和第6风口将将室内热空气收集,压缩为冷空气,将压缩后的冷空气通过回风通道从第I回风口输送至空气通道,降低光伏板周围温度提高发电效率,同时将热量输送至储热箱; When the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch when the room temperature is higher than 25 °, starting dual-source heat pump, closes the second return air, connected to the double tube well building air source heat pump via the input terminal 5 of the tuyere and the tuyere 6 the hot air collection chamber, compressed cold, the cold air and the compressed air return passage from the return air conveyed to the air passage I, to reduce ambient temperature power generation efficiency photovoltaic panel, while delivering heat to the heat storage tank through;

夜间,关闭第3风口和第4风口,通过连接已有的供暖管线和设施释放白天储存在储热箱中的热量。 Night, close the third air and the fourth air, the heat released during the day is stored in the thermal storage tank through the connection pipeline heating and existing facilities.

[0013] 与现有技术相比,本发明所具有的有益效果为:建筑表面采用太阳能光伏发电的同时,将光伏板产生的热量有效收集利用起来,为房间内部提供被动式供热通风,该系统解决了光伏板因温度升高带来的发电效率降低的问题,同时最大限度转换利用太阳能为严寒地区冬季采暖提供保障;发电同时所具有的保温性能,可以将冬季转换时产生的热量最大限度保存在围护结构内部,提高使用效率;结合双源热泵辅助保障被动式太阳能光热系统的不足,避免极端天气下可能带来的问题;保障了被动太阳能应用系统在不同季节均能高效发挥作用。 [0013] Compared with the prior art, the present invention has beneficial effects: while building surface using a solar photovoltaic power generation, heat generated by the photovoltaic panels effectively utilize collected together to provide passive ventilation of the interior room heating, the system solve the reduced power generation efficiency of the photovoltaic panels due to temperature rise caused by the problem, while maximizing the use of solar energy conversion severe cold in winter to provide protection for heating; the heat generated during power generation at the same time has the insulation properties can be converted to maximize preservation winter within the building envelope and improve efficiency; dual-source heat pump combined with inadequate protection of passive solar thermal systems, to avoid potential problems in extreme weather; ensure the application of passive solar energy system efficiency can play a role in different seasons.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0014]图1为光伏、光热一体化外围护结构的机构简图; [0014] FIG. 1 is a photovoltaic, solar thermal integration mechanism by external structure;

图2为夏季本发明系统工作示意图; Figure 2 is a schematic view of the summer working system of the present invention;

图3为冬季白天本发明系统工作示意图; FIG 3 is a schematic diagram of the present system operates during the day in winter invention;

图4为冬季夜间本发明系统工作示意图。 FIG 4 is a system of the present invention work at night in winter. FIG.

[0015] 图中: [0015] FIG:

1、双层玻璃,2、光伏板,3、空气通道,4、保温墙体,5、第I风口,6、第2风口,7、第3风口,8、第4风口,9、第5风口,10、第6风口,11、建筑管井,12、屋面板,13、回风通道,14、第I回风口,15、第2回风口,16、储热箱,17、双源热泵,18、房屋吊顶。 1, double glazing, 2, photovoltaic panels 3, the air passage 4, the wall insulation, 5, I, tuyere, 6, a second outlet, 7, the third tuyere, 8, the first outlet 4, 9, 5 outlet, 10, the first outlet 6, 11, building tube wells, 12, roof 13, return air channel, 14, I, return air inlet, 15, the second return air inlet 16, the thermal storage tank 17, the double-source heat pump, 18, housing ceiling.

具体实施方式 Detailed ways

[0016] 严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其包括光伏、光热一体化外围护结构,用于太阳能的采集和对房屋的保温;储热箱16 ;双源热泵17,热泵工作为储热箱16提供热源;温控开关; [0016] Photovoltaic solar cold region integrated heat integration system, which includes a photovoltaic, solar thermal integration external envelope, for use in solar collection and incubated for housing; thermal storage tank 16; dual heat source 17, a heat pump providing a heat source to the thermal storage tank 16; temperature control switch;

其中双源热泵17采用型号为KS180S的同益空气能热泵热水器;温控开关采用型号为5070THBRPG WE的施耐德温控器; Wherein the dual-source heat pump 17 employed with the benefit of the model KS180S air heat pump water heater; temperature control switch using model 5070THBRPG WE Schneider thermostat;

所述的储热箱16可商业购得,或根据现有技术公开的方法制得,本领域熟练技术人员可根据现有技术进行选择和设置。 The thermal storage tank 16 is commercially available, according to the prior art, or prepared by a method disclosed, one skilled in the art can be selected and set according to the prior art.

[0017] 内部空气循环结构,用于室内外空气被动循环与双源热泵17主动循环。 [0017] The internal air circulation structure for indoor and outdoor air circulation and passive dual-source heat pump cycle 17 active.

[0018] 所述的光伏、光热一体化外围护结构由外而内分别设置为双层玻璃1、光伏板2、空气通道3和保温墙体4。 [0018] The photovoltaic, thermal integration of external envelope of light from outside to inside are provided to a double glazing, photovoltaic panels 2, 3 and the air passage wall insulation 4.

[0019] 所述的内部空气循环结构第I风口5、第2风口6、第3风口7、第4风口8、第5风口9、第6风口10、建筑管井11、屋面板12和回风通道13,所述的第I风口5设置在双层玻璃I的底部位置,所述的第3风口7、第2风口6和第4风口8设置在保温墙体4的上,所述的第3风口7设置在保温墙体4底部位置,所述的第2风口6设置在保温墙体4的顶部位置,所述的第4风口8设置在房屋吊顶18高度位置与第3风口7高度位置之间;所述的建筑管井11与房屋吊顶18连接处设置有第6风口10,所述的第5风口9设置在房屋吊顶上与第6风口10相邻,所述的回风通道13设置在地面底部,所述的回风通道13设置有第I回风口14和第2回风口15,所述的第I回风口14设置在光伏、光热一体化外围护结构的空气通道3处,所述的第2回风口15设置在保温墙体4与建筑管井11之间。 Internal air circulation structure of the tuyere 5 I [0019] according to the second outlet 6, the third outlet 7, 8 of the outlet 4, the outlet 5 9, 6 tuyere 10, 11 tube well construction, roof and return air 12 in the insulated wall 4, the first passage 13, the second outlet 5 is provided at the bottom of the I position I of double glazing, according to the third outlet 7, the second and the fourth air outlet 6 disposed 8 3 outlet 7 is provided at a bottom position of the insulation wall 4, said second air outlet 6 disposed at the top position of the insulated wall 4, said first outlet 4 7 8 disposed at the height position of the ceiling 18 and the height position of the third housing outlet between; tube well 11 of the building and housing 18 is provided with a connector 13 is provided at the ceiling 6 of tuyere 10, a tuyere 5 of 9 disposed on the housing 10 adjacent to the ceiling and the air outlet 6, said air return channel at the bottom surface, said air return passage 13 is provided with a return air inlet I of the second return air openings 14 and 15, the first I return air 14 is provided at the photovoltaic, solar thermal air passage integrated external envelope 3 said second back opening 15 is provided between the insulation wall 4 and the tube well 11 architecture. 所述的风口I可通过风扇或百叶等装置进行空气的引流,所述的风扇或百叶等装置的选择和设置为本领域的现有技术,本领域熟练技术人员可根据现有技术进行选择和设置。 The drainage tuyere I may be a fan or the like through the air louver means, said selection and setting means known to those of fans or the like louvers prior art, one skilled in the art can be selected according to the prior art and settings.

[0020] 所述的双源热泵17的空气输入端与建筑管井11的一端相连接,所述的双源热泵17的空气输出端与回风通道13 —端相连接,所述的双源热泵17与储热箱16相连接。 End [0020] The dual air source heat pump 17 and the input terminal 11 is connected to the building tube wells, the double air-source heat pump output terminal 17 and return air channel 13-- end connected to a double-source heat pump 17 is connected to the thermal storage tank 16.

[0021] 所述的温控开关的温度传感器分别设置在房屋吊顶上和空气通道3内。 Within 3 [0021] The temperature sensor according to temperature-dependent switches are arranged on the ceiling and the air passage housing.

[0022] 所述的第5风口9为常开状态。 [0022] The fifth tuyere 9 is normally open.

[0023] 夏季,即当室外平均温度高于16°时外部得热高于围护结构失热,关闭第3风口7和第4风口8,开启第I风口5和第2风口6:室外温度可通过百叶引流从第I风口5进,从第2风口6出形成强大的空气流,使光伏板2周围温度降低,提高发电效率。 [0023] summer, i.e., when the outdoor temperature is higher than the average heat gain higher than 16 ° external envelope loses heat to close the third air outlet 7 and 4 8, I open the first outlet and the second outlet 5 6: outdoor temperature may be formed by drainage louvers I, from tuyere 5 into the outlet 6 from the second strong air flow, so that ambient temperature decreases photovoltaic panels 2 and improve the power generation efficiency.

[0024] 当温控开关的温度传感器检测到当室内温度高于29°时,启动双源热泵17,与双源热泵17空气输入端相连接的建筑管井11通过第5风口9和第6风口10将室内热空气收集,压缩为冷空气,将压缩后的冷空气通过回风通道13从第2回风口15输送至室内进行降温; [0024] When the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch when the room temperature is higher than 29 °, double-source heat pump 17 starts, building tube well 17 is connected to an air source heat pump dual input terminal 11 through the fifth and sixth air outlet 9 the hot air collection chamber 10, compressed cold, the cold air and the compressed air return passage 13 is conveyed back from the second chamber to cool the air by 15;

冬季,即当室外平均温度低于5°时,室外温度很低,为减少室内热量散失,关闭第I风口5和第2风口6: Winter, i.e., when the average outdoor temperature is below 5 °, the outdoor temperature is low, to reduce indoor heat loss, I close the first outlet and the second outlet 5 6:

白天,当温控开关的温度传感器检测到空气通道3温度大于18°时,打开第3风口7和第4风口8,空气通道3中的空气被动循环运转,将光伏板2热量带入室内,即:空气通道3中的空气经照射后加热,高于室内温度,热空气便从第4风口8进入室内,冷空气从第3风口7进入空气通道3再次被加热,以此来维持室内温度。 During the day, when the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch of the air passage 3 when the temperature is greater than 18 °, the third outlet opening 7 and the outlet 8 4, air in the air passage 3 passive cycle operation, the heat of the photovoltaic panel 2 into the room, That is: the air passage 3 of the air heated by the irradiation, higher than the room temperature, the hot air begins to enter the fourth air chamber 8, into the cold air from the third air passage outlet 73 is reheated, in order to maintain the room temperature .

[0025] 当温控开关的温度传感器检测到当室内温度高于25°时,启动双源热泵17,关闭第2回风口15,与双源热泵17空气输入端相连接的建筑管井11将室内热空气通过第5风口9和第6风口10将热空气收集,压缩为冷空气,将压缩后的冷空气通过回风通道13从第I回风口14输送至空气通道3,降低光伏板2周围温度提高发电效率,同时将热量输送至储热箱; [0025] When the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch when the room temperature is higher than 25 °, double-source heat pump 17 starts to close the second opening 15 back to the building connected to the tube well 17 dual-source heat pump air input end 11 of chamber hot air outlet 9 through the fifth and the sixth outlet 10 to collect hot air, cold air is compressed, and the compressed cool air return path 13 is delivered from outlet 14 back to the first I 3 through the air passage, lowering the surrounding photovoltaic panel 2 temperature power generation efficiency, while delivering heat to the thermal storage tank;

夜间,关闭第3风口7和第4风口8,使室内和室外脱离空气交换从而达到保温效果,并通过连接已有的供暖管线和设施释放白天储存在储热箱中的热量也可达到保温效果。 Night, close the third and the fourth air outlet 7 8, so that air from the indoor and outdoor heat exchanger so as to achieve the effect, and released during the day is stored in the thermal storage tank via the heating line connected to the existing facilities and the heat insulation effect can be achieved .

[0026] 以上显示和描述了本发明的基本原理、主要特征和本发明的优点。 [0026] The above and described the principles of the invention, the main features and advantages of the present invention. 本行业的技术人员应该了解,本发明不受上述实施例的限制,上述实施例和说明书中描述的只是说明本发明的原理,在不脱离本发明精神和范围的前提下本发明还会有各种变化和改进,这些变化和改进都落入要求保护的本发明范围内。 The industry the art will appreciate, the present invention is not limited to the above embodiment, the above-described examples and embodiments described in the specification are only illustrative of the principles of the present invention, without departing from the spirit and scope of the present invention, the present invention also have the respective variations and modifications, changes and modifications which fall within the scope of the claimed invention. 本发明要求保护范围由所附的权利要求书及其等同物界定。 The scope of the invention as claimed by the appended claims and equivalents thereof defined.

Claims (7)

1.严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其特征在于: 包括光伏、光热一体化外围护结构,用于太阳能的采集和对房屋的保温; 储热箱; 双源热泵,热泵工作为储热箱提供热源; 温控开关; 内部空气循环结构,用于室内外空气被动循环与双源热泵主动循环。 1. Photovoltaic solar cold region integrated heat integration system, characterized by: a photovoltaic, solar thermal integration of external envelope, for use in solar collection and incubated for housing; thermal storage tank; dual-source heat pump, a heat pump thermal storage tank to provide heat; temperature control switch; internal air circulation structure for indoor and outdoor air circulation and passive dual-source heat pump cycle active.
2.根据权利要求1所述的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其特征在于:所述的光伏、光热一体化外围护结构由外而内依次设置为双层玻璃、光伏板、空气通道和保温墙体。 The cold region Photovoltaic solar heat integration of the integration system of claim 1, wherein: said photovoltaic, thermal integration of external envelope of the light from the outside are sequentially set to the double glazing, photovoltaic panels air channel and wall insulation.
3.根据权利要求1所述的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其特征在于:所述的内部空气循环结构第I风口、第2风口、第3风口、第4风口、第5风口、第6风口、建筑管井、屋面板和回风通道,所述的第I风口设置在双层玻璃的底部位置,所述的第3风口、第2风口和第4风口设置在保温墙体的上,所述的第3风口设置在保温墙体底部位置,所述的第2风口设置在保温墙体的顶部位置,所述的第4风口设置在房屋吊顶高度位置与第3风口高度位置之间;所述的建筑管井与房屋吊顶连接处设置有第6风口,所述的第5风口设置在房屋吊顶上与第6风口相邻,所述的回风通道设置在地面底部,所述的回风通道设置有第I回风口和第2回风口,所述的第I回风口设置在光伏、光热一体化外围护结构的空气通道处,所述的第2回风口设置在保温墙体与建筑管井之间。 The cold region Photovoltaic solar heat integration of the integration system of claim 1, wherein: said internal air circulation structure I, outlet, the second outlet, the third outlet, the first outlet 4, the outlet 5 , 6 tuyere tube wells building, roof and return air channel, said first outlet provided at the bottom position I double glazing, according to the third outlet, the second outlet and the fourth outlet disposed wall insulation on the third insulation wall outlet provided at a bottom position, the second outlet disposed at the top position of the insulation wall, said fourth outlet provided in a house and the third height position of the ceiling height position of the outlet between; said tube well building ceiling provided with a housing 6 with a first outlet connection, a first outlet 5 is provided on the housing adjacent to the ceiling of the first outlet 6, said air return passage is provided in the bottom of the floor, the return air channel is provided with a first and a second I return air return air opening, said return air I, provided the photovoltaic, thermal integration of the air passage of the light of the external envelope, said second return air disposed wall insulation between body and building tube wells.
4.根据权利要求1所述的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其特征在于:所述的双源热泵的空气输入端与建筑管井的一端相连接,所述的双源热泵的空气输出端与回风通道一端相连接,所述的双源热泵与储热箱相连接。 The cold region Photovoltaic solar heat integration of the integration system of claim 1, wherein: said dual-source heat pump air inlet and one end connected to the tube well construction, a double air-source heat pump return air channel output end connected to one end of the double-source heat pump and is connected to the thermal storage tank.
5.根据权利要求3所述的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统,其特征在于:所述的温控开关的温度传感器分别设置在房屋吊顶上和空气通道内。 The cold region Photovoltaic solar heat integration of the integration system according to claim 3, wherein: said temperature sensor is temperature-dependent switches are provided on the housing within the ceiling and the air passage.
6.一种采用权利要求1所述的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统的方法,其特征在于:当室外平均温度高于16°时,关闭第3风口和第4风口,开启第I风口和第2风口: 当温控开关的温度传感器检测到室内温度高于29°时,启动双源热泵,与双源热泵空气输入端相连接的建筑管井通过第5风口和第6风口将室内热空气收集,压缩为冷空气,将压缩后的冷空气通过回风通道从第2回风口输送至室内进行降温; 当室外平均温度低于5°时,关闭第I风口和第2风口: 白天,当温控开关的温度传感器检测到空气通道3温度大于18°时,打开第3风口和第4风口, 当温控开关的温度传感器检测到当室内温度高于25°时,启动双源热泵,关闭第2回风口,与双源热泵空气输入端相连接的建筑管井通过第5风口和第6风口将将室内热空气收集,压缩为冷空气,将压缩后的冷空气通过回 Photovoltaic solar heat integration methods of the integrated system using the cold area A as claimed in claim 1, wherein: when the average outdoor temperature is higher than 16 °, to close the third air and the fourth air, opening of I and a second air outlet: temperature control switch when the temperature sensor detects the indoor temperature is higher than 29 ° to start the dual-source heat pump, is connected to the double tube well building air source heat pump 5 by the first input terminal and the first air outlet of the indoor 6 collecting the hot air, cold air is compressed, the compressed cool air passage through the return air conveyed from the second chamber to cool the return air opening; when the average outdoor temperature is below 5 °, I close the first outlet and the second inlet: daytime , when the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch of the air passage 3 when the temperature is greater than 18 °, the outlet opening 3 and outlet 4, when the temperature sensor detects the temperature-dependent switch when the room temperature is higher than 25 °, starting bis-source heat pump , closes the second return air, an air source heat pump with a double tube wells enter the building through a first end connected to the outlet 5 and outlet 6 to the hot air collection chamber, cold air is compressed, the compressed cool air through the return 通道从第I回风口输送至空气通道,降低光伏板周围温度提高发电效率,同时将热量输送至储热箱, 夜间,关闭第3风口和第4风口,并释放白天储存在储热箱中的热量。 Channel return air conveyed from I to air passage, to reduce ambient photovoltaic panel temperature improve power generation efficiency, while delivering heat to the thermal storage tank, at night, to close the third air and the fourth air, and released during the day is stored in the thermal storage tank heat.
7.根据权利要求6所述的严寒地区太阳能光伏光热一体化集成系统的方法,其特征在于:所述的第5风口为常开状态。 The solar photovoltaic system, solar thermal integration integrated method according to claim 6 cold region, wherein: said first air outlet 5 is normally open.
CN201510093965.4A 2015-03-03 2015-03-03 Severe cold area photovoltaic and photothermal solar integrated system CN104807206B (en)

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