CN205297395U - Rig and hydraulic pressure is broken out thereof - Google Patents

Rig and hydraulic pressure is broken out thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205297395U
CN205297395U CN201521030243.6U CN201521030243U CN205297395U CN 205297395 U CN205297395 U CN 205297395U CN 201521030243 U CN201521030243 U CN 201521030243U CN 205297395 U CN205297395 U CN 205297395U
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pedestal
shift fork
spanner
hydraulic pressure
hydraulic cylinder
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201521030243.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
代政勇
唐健
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Chongqing Exploration Machinery Factory
Original Assignee
Chongqing Exploration Machinery Factory
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Chongqing Exploration Machinery Factory filed Critical Chongqing Exploration Machinery Factory
Priority to CN201521030243.6U priority Critical patent/CN205297395U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205297395U publication Critical patent/CN205297395U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model discloses a hydraulic pressure is broken out, including spanner that can the centre gripping drilling rod, just the spanner outside is provided with the spanner external tooth, still including being used for the promotion spanner pivoted pneumatic cylinder and support the base of pneumatic cylinder, the one end of pneumatic cylinder with the base is articulated, the other end fixedly connected with U shape shift fork of pneumatic cylinder, the opening part of U -shaped shift fork articulates there is shift fork round pin axle, shift fork round pin axle with the axis of pneumatic cylinder perpendicular and with the meshing of spanner external tooth. Use the utility model provides a hydraulic pressure is broken out, has effectively reduced the friction of pneumatic cylinder with the spanner external tooth, and then difficult wearing and tearing between the two, has effectively prolonged the life of the device of breaking out, has improved its reliability. The utility model also provides a rig of breaking out including above -mentioned hydraulic pressure.

Description

A kind of rig and hydraulic pressure shackle thereof
Technical field
This utility model relates to drilling rig technique field, particularly relates to a kind of hydraulic pressure shackle, further relates to a kind of rig including above-mentioned hydraulic pressure shackle.
Background technology
Rig is in geological prospecting, drives drilling tool to creep into underground, obtains the plant equipment of geologic information in kind. Also known as drilling machine. Main Function is to drive drilling tool broken hole bed rock stone, under the drilling tool that enters or propose in hole. Can be used for drilling through rock core, the ore deposit heart, landwaste, gaseous state sample, liquid-like etc., to verify the situation such as subsurface geology and mineral resources.
The primary structure of rig includes rotary system equipment, blood circulation equipment, hoisting system equipment, power-driven system equipment, drive system equipment, control system and detection limit formula instrument, rig substructure and auxiliary equipment. Drilling rod is a part for rig, and for ground is carried out boring etc., it is generally formed by connecting by upper drilling rod and lower drill rod thread. Due to being relatively large in diameter of drilling rod, when upper drilling rod and lower drilling rod are carried out removal, it is required for professional person and instrument and it is carried out shackle.
Hydraulic pressure shackle common in prior art includes spanner and oil cylinder, and spanner arranged outside has a circle spanner external tooth, and the piston rod of oil cylinder front end can engage with spanner external tooth, promotes spanner to turn by piston rod. To the drilling rod up and down needing dismounting, it is possible to upper drilling rod or lower drilling rod are stuck in the opening of spanner as required, and are clamped by fork by another one drilling rod, and then piston rod promotes spanner to rotate with the drilling rod rotation in wrench, thus being dismantled by upper and lower drilling rod.
But, piston rod in above-mentioned shackle device engages with spanner external tooth, in pushing course, the friction of the two is bigger, and then easily cause the abrasion of shackle device, and owing to engaging the bad relative sliding being easily caused piston rod and spanner external tooth after wearing and tearing, and then the shackle that impact is to drilling rod, even it is difficult to shackle.
Therefore, how effectively to solve that shackle device piston rod is more easy to wear with the friction of spanner external tooth causes the problems such as its service life is short, reliability is low, be that those skilled in the art are presently required and solve the technical problem that.
Utility model content
In view of this, first purpose of the present utility model is in that to provide a kind of hydraulic pressure shackle, the structural design of this hydraulic pressure shackle can efficiently solve that the friction of shackle device piston rod and spanner external tooth is more easy to wear causes the problem that its service life is short, reliability is low, and second purpose of the present utility model is to provide a kind of rig including above-mentioned hydraulic pressure shackle.
In order to reach above-mentioned first purpose, this utility model provides following technical scheme:
A kind of hydraulic pressure shackle, including can the spanner of holding drill pipe, and described spanner arranged outside has spanner external tooth; Also include the hydraulic cylinder for promoting described spanner to rotate and support the pedestal of described hydraulic cylinder, one end of described hydraulic cylinder is hinged with described pedestal, the other end of described hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with U-shaped shift fork, the opening part of described U-shaped shift fork is hinged with shift fork bearing pin, and described shift fork bearing pin is vertical with the axis of described hydraulic cylinder and engages with described spanner external tooth.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and one end of described shift fork bearing pin is fixed by split pin.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is fixing with described U-shaped shift fork to be connected.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and described piston rod welds with the middle part of described U-shaped shift fork.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and described hydraulic cylinder and described pedestal are by pedestal hinge, and one end of described pedestal bearing pin is fixed by split pin.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and described pedestal includes the first pedestal and the second pedestal, and described hydraulic cylinder is articulated with the middle part of described first pedestal, described second pedestal is provided with gripper shoe, described gripper shoe offers the groove identical with described hydraulic cylinder outer wall shape.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and the middle part of described first pedestal is provided with overhanging platform, and described hydraulic cylinder is articulated with described overhanging platform.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and described pedestal offers bolt hole, and fixing is connected by bolt is dismountable with drilling machine platform.
Preferably, above-mentioned hydraulic pressure unloads to be smashed, and described hydraulic cylinder is oil cylinder.
The hydraulic pressure shackle that this utility model provides includes spanner, hydraulic cylinder and pedestal. Wherein, spanner can holding drill pipe, spanner arranged outside has spanner external tooth. Hydraulic cylinder is used for promoting spanner to rotate, and for power-equipment, pedestal is used for supporting cylinder, one end of hydraulic cylinder is hinged with pedestal, the other end is fixedly connected with U-shaped shift fork, and the opening part of U-shaped shift fork is hinged with shift fork bearing pin, and shift fork bearing pin is vertical with the axis of hydraulic cylinder and engages with spanner external tooth.
During the hydraulic pressure shackle that application this utility model provides, to the drilling rod up and down needing dismounting, can as required upper drilling rod or lower drilling rod be stuck in the opening of spanner, and another one drilling rod is clamped by fork, and then Hydraulic Cylinder spanner rotates and rotates with the drilling rod in wrench, thus upper and lower drilling rod is dismantled. U-shaped shift fork is driven to move during by cylinder extension, and by bearing pin and spanner external tooth gear motion process, owing to bearing pin can rotate, therefore at cylinder extension to promote in spanner rotation process, effectively reduce the friction of hydraulic cylinder and spanner external tooth, and then not easy to wear therebetween, effectively extend the service life of shackle device, and improve its reliability.
In order to reach above-mentioned second purpose, this utility model additionally provides a kind of rig, and this rig includes any of the above-described kind of hydraulic pressure shackle. Owing to above-mentioned hydraulic pressure shackle has above-mentioned technique effect, the rig with this hydraulic pressure shackle also should have corresponding technique effect.
Accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that this utility model embodiment or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in the following describes is only embodiments more of the present utility model, for those of ordinary skill in the art, under the premise not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
The main TV structure schematic diagram of a kind of detailed description of the invention of hydraulic pressure shackle that Fig. 1 provides for this utility model;
Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
In accompanying drawing, labelling is as follows:
First pedestal 1, pedestal bearing pin 2, U-shaped shift fork 3, shift fork bearing pin 4, the second pedestal 5, hydraulic cylinder 6, bolt 7, split pin 8.
Detailed description of the invention
This utility model embodiment discloses a kind of drilling machine mast, to avoid its outer dripping structure to be attacked by dust storm.
In order to make those skilled in the art be more fully understood that this utility model scheme, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in further detail.
Refer to the main TV structure schematic diagram of a kind of detailed description of the invention of hydraulic pressure shackle that Fig. 1-Fig. 2, Fig. 1 provide for this utility model; Fig. 2 is the plan structure schematic diagram of Fig. 1.
In a kind of detailed description of the invention, the hydraulic pressure shackle that this utility model provides includes spanner, hydraulic cylinder 6 and pedestal.
Wherein, spanner is used for holding drill pipe, and concrete, spanner has opening, and drilling rod can be arranged in opening, and spanner arranged outside has spanner external tooth, and the shape of concrete spanner and the setting of spanner external tooth refer to prior art, repeat no more herein.
Pedestal is used for supporting cylinder 6, and its concrete structure can not limit, and only needs can hydraulic cylinder 6 offer be supported. Hydraulic cylinder 6 is used for promoting spanner to rotate, and its one end is hinged with pedestal, and the other end is fixedly connected with U-shaped shift fork 3. The opening part of U-shaped shift fork 3 is hinged with shift fork bearing pin 4, and shift fork bearing pin 4 can rotate relative to U-shaped shift fork, and shift fork bearing pin 4 is vertical with the axis of hydraulic cylinder 6 and engages with spanner external tooth. Usually, hydraulic cylinder 6 can be oil cylinder, certainly, can also adopt the cylinder body of other media as required.
It should be noted that, U-shaped herein should comprise U-shaped and U-shaped like structure, concrete U-shaped structure both can be broken line, it is also possible to for camber line, specifically can consider U-shaped shift fork 3 and hydraulic cylinder 6 fixing and be connected complexity and U-shaped shift fork 3 takes up room etc. and to be configured. The opening of U-shaped shift fork 3 is provided with shift fork bearing pin 4, namely connects, with U-shaped shift fork 3, the shape forming similar D by shift fork bearing pin 4. For ease of hydraulic cylinder 6 overhanging time promote shift fork bearing pin 4 band wrench to rotate smoothly, when U-shaped shift fork 3 is connected with hydraulic cylinder 6 or U-shaped shift fork 3 opening part shift fork bearing pin 4 position is set, need to ensure that shift fork bearing pin 4 is vertical with the axis of hydraulic cylinder 6. And then, U-shaped shift fork 3 is driven to move when hydraulic cylinder 6 is overhanging, and engaged with spanner external tooth by bearing pin, owing to bearing pin can rotate, therefore overhanging to promote in spanner rotation process at hydraulic cylinder 6, effectively reduce the friction of hydraulic cylinder 6 and spanner external tooth, so that not easy to wear therebetween, effectively extend the service life of shackle device, and improve its reliability.
Further, one end of shift fork bearing pin 4 is fixed by split pin, can effectively ensure that the connection reliability of shift fork bearing pin 4 and U-shaped shift fork 3 on the one hand, also allows on the other hand installing. And when shift fork bearing pin 4 through use for a long time impaired need to change time, be easy to be changed by split pin.
Concrete, hydraulic cylinder 6 is connected with the fixing of U-shaped shift fork 3, it is possible to is connected for piston rod and the U-shaped shift fork 3 of hydraulic cylinder 6 is fixing, thus passes through engaging of shift fork bearing pin 4 and spanner external tooth in the overhanging process of piston rod of hydraulic cylinder 6, promotion spanner rotates, and then drives drilling rod to rotate. Certainly, as required with can to arrange tailpiece of the piston rod and pedestal hinged, and fixing end is connected with U-shaped shift fork 3, but general by better to piston rod and U-shaped shift fork 3 connective stability.
Further, piston rod can weld with the middle part of U-shaped shift fork 3. The two being connected by the mode welded, bonding strength is high, certainly, as the case may be, it would however also be possible to employ the fixing connected mode of other routines connects. And by being connected with the middle part of U-shaped shift fork 3 so that U-shaped shift fork 3 two ends uniform force, intensity is high and not easy to wear.
Further, it is hinged that hydraulic cylinder 6 and pedestal can pass through pedestal bearing pin 2, and one end of pedestal bearing pin 2 is fixed by split pin 8. Simple in construction is so set, it is simple to install. And hydraulic cylinder 6 acts on spanner when being rotated by drilling rod, it is mobile with the axial displacement of drilling rod that hinged mode is easy to hydraulic cylinder 6 so that shackle process is smooth.
On the basis of the various embodiments described above, pedestal can include the first pedestal 1 and the second pedestal 5, and hydraulic cylinder 6 is articulated with the middle part of the first pedestal 1, and the second pedestal 5 is provided with gripper shoe, and gripper shoe offers the groove identical with hydraulic cylinder 6 outer wall shape. And then by common support to hydraulic cylinder 6 of two pedestals, allow it to stable do overhanging and retraction reciprocating motion.
Specifically, the middle part of the first pedestal 1 can arrange overhanging platform, and hydraulic cylinder 6 is articulated with overhanging platform. Setting by overhanging platform so that hydraulic cylinder 6 is less by the inhibition of pedestal in rotation process, it is possible to movable scope is bigger.
Further, pedestal offers bolt hole, and fixing be connected by bolt 7 is dismountable with drilling machine platform. Drilling machine platform herein refers to can be fixed on suitable platform by pedestal as required, in order to drilling rod is carried out shackle by the support force providing enough, and when needing the position changing shackle device, it is possible to transfer is easy in pedestal dismounting.
Based on the hydraulic pressure shackle provided in above-described embodiment, this utility model additionally provides a kind of rig, and this rig includes any one hydraulic pressure shackle in above-described embodiment. The hydraulic pressure shackle in above-described embodiment is have employed, so the beneficial effect of this rig refer to above-described embodiment due to this rig.
In this specification, each embodiment adopts the mode gone forward one by one to describe, and what each embodiment stressed is the difference with other embodiments, between each embodiment identical similar portion mutually referring to.
Above check-valves provided by the utility model is described in detail. Principle of the present utility model and embodiment are set forth by specific case used herein, and the explanation of above example is only intended to help to understand method of the present utility model and core concept thereof. Should be understood that; for those skilled in the art; under the premise without departing from this utility model principle, it is also possible to this utility model carries out some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also falls in this utility model scope of the claims.

Claims (10)

1. a hydraulic pressure shackle, including can the spanner of holding drill pipe, and described spanner arranged outside has spanner external tooth; It is characterized in that, also include the hydraulic cylinder for promoting described spanner to rotate and support the pedestal of described hydraulic cylinder, one end of described hydraulic cylinder is hinged with described pedestal, the other end of described hydraulic cylinder is fixedly connected with U-shaped shift fork, the opening part of described U-shaped shift fork is hinged with shift fork bearing pin, and described shift fork bearing pin is vertical with the axis of described hydraulic cylinder and engages with described spanner external tooth.
2. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that one end of described shift fork bearing pin is fixed by split pin.
3. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the piston rod of described hydraulic cylinder is fixing with described U-shaped shift fork to be connected.
4. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 3, it is characterised in that described piston rod welds with the middle part of described U-shaped shift fork.
5. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 1, it is characterised in that described hydraulic cylinder and described pedestal are by pedestal hinge, and one end of described pedestal bearing pin is fixed by split pin.
6. the hydraulic pressure shackle according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, described pedestal includes the first pedestal and the second pedestal, described hydraulic cylinder is articulated with the middle part of described first pedestal, described second pedestal is provided with gripper shoe, described gripper shoe offers the groove identical with described hydraulic cylinder outer wall shape.
7. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the middle part of described first pedestal is provided with overhanging platform, described hydraulic cylinder is articulated with described overhanging platform.
8. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 7, it is characterised in that offer bolt hole on described pedestal, and fixing be connected by bolt is dismountable with drilling machine platform.
9. hydraulic pressure shackle according to claim 8, it is characterised in that described hydraulic cylinder is oil cylinder.
10. a rig, it is characterised in that include the hydraulic pressure shackle as described in any one of claim 1-9.
CN201521030243.6U 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Rig and hydraulic pressure is broken out thereof Expired - Fee Related CN205297395U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521030243.6U CN205297395U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Rig and hydraulic pressure is broken out thereof

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201521030243.6U CN205297395U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Rig and hydraulic pressure is broken out thereof

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205297395U true CN205297395U (en) 2016-06-08

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201521030243.6U Expired - Fee Related CN205297395U (en) 2015-12-10 2015-12-10 Rig and hydraulic pressure is broken out thereof

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205297395U (en)

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350931A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 重庆探矿机械厂 Drilling machine and hydraulic shackle thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105350931A (en) * 2015-12-10 2016-02-24 重庆探矿机械厂 Drilling machine and hydraulic shackle thereof

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Date Code Title Description
C14 Grant of patent or utility model
GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160608

Termination date: 20171210