CN205218511U - Combined type is bored and is milled center - Google Patents

Combined type is bored and is milled center Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205218511U
CN205218511U CN201520850109.4U CN201520850109U CN205218511U CN 205218511 U CN205218511 U CN 205218511U CN 201520850109 U CN201520850109 U CN 201520850109U CN 205218511 U CN205218511 U CN 205218511U
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China
Prior art keywords
main shaft
mainshaft mechanism
combined type
zuan
center according
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CN201520850109.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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刘俊达
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Ling Chuang Mechanical & Electrical (shanghai) Co Ltd
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Ling Chuang Mechanical & Electrical (shanghai) Co Ltd
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Abstract

The utility model relates to a combined type is bored and is milled center, include lathe lathe bed and the stand of locating lathe lathe bed one side, be equipped with XY axle workstation on the lathe lathe bed, still include first main shaft mechanism, the second spindle mechanism, main shaft converter and numerical control treater, first main shaft mechanism locates on the stand, the second spindle mechanism locates in the first main shaft mechanism, first main shaft mechanism and the second spindle mechanism are connected respectively to the main shaft converter, the main shaft converter is connected to the numerical control treater. Compared with the prior art, the utility model designs a can synthesize the processing technology of existing equipment, realize combined machining, reduce the circulation between multiple operation, the multiple equipment, have efficient, reduce badly and advantage such as error, improve a lot to the production efficiency of enterprise, have very big promotion to the manufacturing machining precision.

Description

A kind of combined type Zuan Xi center
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of Digit Control Machine Tool, especially relates to a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center.
Background technology
At present, most of Digit Control Machine Tool, especially the type of drive of Zuan Gong center X/Y/Z tri-axle mostly is motor driving screw rod transmission, and the speed of mainshaft general lower (less than 20000 turns).Be limited to the screw rod transmission of existing most of Digit Control Machine Tool, in use cannot avoid the drawback that the defect of screw mandrel is brought, such as, shake, opposite clearance error, temperature rise, acceleration is slow, cannot high-speed straight-line motion etc.And the lower main shaft of revolution cannot complete some special techniques, reaches special processing effect.Separately, also there has been the equipment utilizing linear electric motors to drive the motion of each axle or outfit high-speed main spindle (more than 30000 turns) existing market, but this kind of equipment manufacturing cost is abnormal expensive, and poor universality, cannot utilize in industry on a large scale.
Between the overall situation of present processing manufacturing industry, traditional Numerical Control Device, especially Zuan Gong center, only to carry out some common process, cannot be competent at and be similar to Gao Guang, the high-precision processing technology of the particular/special requirements such as high smooth degree, and although simple linear electric motors equipment or high revolution electro spindle can ensure corresponding precision, and some special processing requests can be reached, but poor universality, high-speed electric main shaft processing rigidity, not as common mechanical main shaft, is not suitable for the processing that cutting output is large, the shortcomings such as market demand is little.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model be exactly provide that a kind of efficiency is high, structure is simple to overcome defect that above-mentioned prior art exists, easy to use, combined type Zuan Xi center that combined type processing can be carried out, can comprehensive existing equipment (Zuan Gong center, carving milling machine etc.) processing technology, complete Compound Machining, reduce the circulation between multiple operation, plurality of devices, have efficiency high, reduce the advantages such as bad and error, the production efficiency of enterprise is improved a lot, having very large lifting to manufacturing industry machining accuracy, is the innovation of processing manufacturing industry equipment.
The purpose of this utility model can be achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of combined type Zuan Xi center, comprise bed piece and the column being located at bed piece side, described bed piece is provided with XY axle workbench, also comprise the first mainshaft mechanism, the second mainshaft mechanism, spindle inverters and numerical control processor, described first mainshaft mechanism is located on column, described second mainshaft mechanism is located on the first mainshaft mechanism, and described spindle inverters connects the first mainshaft mechanism and the second mainshaft mechanism respectively, and described numerical control processor connects spindle inverters.
Described first mainshaft mechanism comprises main spindle box body, Z axis slide assemblies and the first main shaft for mounting cutter, and described main spindle box body is located on column, and described first main shaft is located in main spindle box body, and is slidably connected by Z axis slide assemblies and column.
Described Z axis slide assemblies comprises sliding shoe, sliding rail, linear electric motors and grating scale, and described sliding shoe is located on the first main shaft, and described sliding rail, linear electric motors and grating scale are located on column respectively, and sliding shoe and sliding rail are slidably connected.
Described Z axis slide assemblies also comprises the servo-drive connecting linear electric motors and grating scale respectively.
Described first main shaft is mechanical type main shaft.
Described second mainshaft mechanism comprises main shaft mount pad and the second main shaft for mounting cutter, and described main shaft mount pad is located on main spindle box body, and described second main shaft is located in main shaft mount pad.
The diameter of axle of described second main shaft is less than the diameter of axle of the first main shaft.
Described second main shaft is electro spindle or air-flotation type main shaft.
Also comprise the first tool magazine providing cutter to the first mainshaft mechanism, described first tool magazine is located on column.
Also comprise the second tool magazine providing cutter to the second mainshaft mechanism, described second tool magazine is located on XY axle workbench.
Compared with prior art, the utility model has the following advantages:
1) machining accuracy promotes.The utility model devises two main shafts, it is the same that spindle mounted position attacked by main shaft and common brill, it is the first main shaft, one is arranged on the right side of main spindle box body, it is the second main shaft, the mechanical main shaft that the diameter of axle is larger selected by first main shaft, to obtain good processing rigidity and torsion, the electro spindle that second main shaft selection rotating speed is higher or air-flotation type main shaft, to obtain higher rotating speed and lower vibrations rate, both with the use of, to complete roughing, fine finishining and high accurately machined Compound Machining, both common CNC process requirements can have been met, also similar high light processing can be completed on same equipment, high smooth and easy processing waits high-speed high-precision processing.
2) improved efficiency.In conjunction with the advantage of linear electric motors and the advantage of high-speed main spindle, the high efficiency that general NC equipment cannot be reached can be given full play of, design two main shafts, various processing technology can be completed on the utility model, avoid because conversion distinct device carries out the time waste that different process brings.
3) increased quality.Transmission is carried out by screw mandrel in common Zuan Gong center, and the speed of mainshaft is low, by encoder feedback signal, causes precision to be subject to screw mandrel, machinery, and the cause influences such as error are large, thus cannot reach some special processing request, such as Gao Guang, high smooth degree etc.And the utility model X/Y/Z tri-axle is not limited to motor lead screw or linear electric motors drive, driven by linear electric motors, grating scale feedback location, reduces back clearance equal error to greatest extent, to coordinate the high-speed electric main shaft of the second main shaft to complete Gao Guang, the processing technology that high smooth degree requires.Combine linear electric motors driving, grating scale feedback location, high rigidity first main shaft and high speed the second main shaft, the processing difficulties faced during the various high fine finishining of perfect solution.
4) structure is simple, easy to use.The utility model design various (being not limited to monoblock type), becomes more readily available higher assembly precision, easy to maintenance.Two main shafts use a spindle inverters separately, have broken off two interference of main shaft when completing various digital control system instruction.
5) automated production.The utility model sends instruction to the spindle inverters of the first main shaft, the second main shaft by digital control system is unified, to complete the respective action of two main shafts, sufficiently lower various problem and the risk because arranging different machine to complete different processing technology, solve the growing required precision of processing manufacturing industry and efficiency, can accomplish " machine puts in place ".
6) be widely used.The technique process of the utility model to current manufacturing industry 3C, aeronautical product has impayable specific aim, uses the utility model, when not needing conversion process operation, opening of product can be completed thick, in thick, semifinishing, fine finishining, Gao Guang, high smooth and easy a whole set of processing technology such as grade.Greatly can improve the yield of product manufacturing, raise the efficiency, reduce costs.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model overall structure schematic diagram;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the first mainshaft mechanism and the second mainshaft mechanism;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the first tool magazine;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the second tool magazine.
In figure: 1, bed piece, 2, column, 3, XY axle workbench, 4, spindle inverters, 5, numerical control processor, 6, main spindle box body, the 7, first main shaft, 8, main shaft mount pad, the 9, second main shaft, the 10, first tool magazine, the 11, second tool magazine, 12, the communications cable.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the utility model is described in detail.The present embodiment is implemented premised on technical solutions of the utility model, give detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection domain of the present utility model is not limited to following embodiment.
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2, one arranges two main shafts, two independent tool magazines, driven by linear electric motors, grating scale is utilized to feed back the combined type Zuan Xi center of location, comprise bed piece 1, column 2, first mainshaft mechanism, second mainshaft mechanism, spindle inverters 4, numerical control processor 5, first tool magazine 10 and the second tool magazine 11, bed piece 1 side is located at by column 2, bed piece 1 is provided with XY axle workbench 3, first mainshaft mechanism is located on column 2, second mainshaft mechanism is located on the first mainshaft mechanism, second mainshaft mechanism and the first mainshaft mechanism are vertically arranged side by side, spindle inverters 4 connects the first mainshaft mechanism and the second mainshaft mechanism respectively by the communications cable 12, numerical control processor 5 connects spindle inverters 4 by the communications cable 12, first tool magazine 10 is located on column 2, and provide cutter to the first mainshaft mechanism, second tool magazine 11 is located on XY axle workbench 3, and the second tool magazine 11 of cutter is provided to the second mainshaft mechanism.
Wherein, the first mainshaft mechanism comprises main spindle box body 6, Z axis slide assemblies and the first main shaft 7 for mounting cutter, and main spindle box body 6 is located on column 2, and the first main shaft 7 is located in main spindle box body 6, and is slidably connected by Z axis slide assemblies and column 2.
The X/Y axle of XY axle workbench 3 and Z axis slide assemblies recommendation linear electric motors drive, but do not get rid of traditional mode driven by motor lead screw, are specifically selected according to actual needs.
Z axis slide assemblies comprises sliding shoe, sliding rail, linear electric motors, grating scale and servo-drive, sliding shoe is located on the first main shaft 7, sliding rail, linear electric motors and grating scale are located on column 2 respectively, sliding shoe and sliding rail are slidably connected, and servo-drive connects linear electric motors and grating scale respectively.Z axis slide assemblies moves up and down, and drives the first main shaft 7 or the second main shaft 9 to move up and down, thus coordinates the left and right of X/Y axle to process with seesawing.
Driven by linear electric motors, grating scale feedback location, reduces back clearance equal error to greatest extent, to coordinate the high-speed electric main shaft of the second main shaft to complete Gao Guang, and the processing technology that high smooth degree requires.
Second mainshaft mechanism comprises main shaft mount pad 8 and the second main shaft 9 for mounting cutter, and main shaft mount pad 8 is located on main spindle box body 6, and the second main shaft 9 is located in main shaft mount pad 8.
The diameter of axle of the second main shaft 9 is less than the diameter of axle of the first main shaft 7.First main shaft 7 is mechanical type main shaft, and the diameter of axle is comparatively large, good rigidly, and torsion is large, and the first tool magazine 10 that corresponding cutter switches chooses clamping-arm tool magazine, as shown in Figure 3.Second main shaft 9 is electro spindle or air-flotation type main shaft, and rotating speed is high, and quality is light, shakes little, the second tool magazine 11 row of choosing formula knife rest that corresponding cutter switches, and row's formula knife rest has the cutter spacing of respective numbers, as shown in Figure 4.Two cutter switching modes are the tool changing mode of standard on existing market.
Structural design between main shaft mount pad 8 and main spindle box body 6 is not limited to monoblock type, also can be designed to split type, fix with fastening means, and can arrange cushion block between two installation contact surfaces, and the means such as pin are to ensure installation accuracy.
First main shaft 7 rigging position is the same with common Zuan Gong center, and the second main shaft 9 of increase is moved on Z axis by Z axis slide assemblies along with the first main shaft 7, and the first main shaft 7 is consistent with mode with the direction of motion of the second main shaft 9.Instruction is sent to the spindle inverters 4 of the first main shaft 7, second main shaft 9, to complete an action certainly for two main shafts by digital control system is unified.According to different processing request, selectively can select main shaft, processing specific aim is wider stronger.Conventional equipment only has one, is left with no alternative.Main shaft can meet common CNC process requirements, and the second main shaft is followed Z axis motion cooperation and completed the processing of the high-speed high-precision such as similar high light processing, high smooth and easy processing, both with the use of, to complete roughing, fine finishining and high accurately machined Compound Machining.
The utility model applied range, existing in the industry all comprise thick fine finishining and high accurately machined product can overcome prior art difficulty by the utility model.The utility model will reform the processing technology of existing process technology, and compared with high fine-processing technique (directly affecting by numerical control device) existing on market, the utility model has the following advantages:
1) use cost is relatively low.The utility model equipment can complete whole high fine-processing technique, two, work or multiple devices need not be divided because of the reason of numerical control device to coordinate processing, reduce equipment purchase cost.
2) improved efficiency.The utility model equipment can completing the processing of each operation, avoiding the time waste because causing when conversion distinct device carries out different process operation.
3) increased quality.The utility model equipment can complete the processing of each operation, avoid accumulative clamping error and resetting error when each apparatus and process operation conversion.Crudy is higher.
4) adaptation of product is stronger.The utility model is that the second main shaft is also equipped with gang feed tool rack formula tool magazine on the basis of original clamping-arm tool magazine, expand the quantity that can use cutter, stronger to the adaptability of Product processing, avoid many times Yin Putong Zuan Gong center tool magazine quantity inadequate, and the time of the passive increase operation produced and cost waste.

Claims (10)

1. a combined type Zuan Xi center, comprise bed piece (1) and be located at the column (2) of bed piece (1) side, described bed piece (1) is provided with XY axle workbench (3), it is characterized in that, also comprise the first mainshaft mechanism, second mainshaft mechanism, spindle inverters (4) and numerical control processor (5), described first mainshaft mechanism is located on column (2), described second mainshaft mechanism is located on the first mainshaft mechanism, described spindle inverters (4) connects the first mainshaft mechanism and the second mainshaft mechanism respectively, described numerical control processor (5) connects spindle inverters (4).
2. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described first mainshaft mechanism comprises main spindle box body (6), Z axis slide assemblies and the first main shaft (7) for mounting cutter, described main spindle box body (6) is located on column (2), described first main shaft (7) is located in main spindle box body (6), and is slidably connected by Z axis slide assemblies and column (2).
3. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described Z axis slide assemblies comprises sliding shoe, sliding rail, linear electric motors and grating scale, described sliding shoe is located on the first main shaft (7), described sliding rail, linear electric motors and grating scale are located on column (2) respectively, and sliding shoe and sliding rail are slidably connected.
4. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 3, is characterized in that, described Z axis slide assemblies also comprises the servo-drive connecting linear electric motors and grating scale respectively.
5. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described first main shaft (7) is mechanical type main shaft.
6. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, described second mainshaft mechanism comprises main shaft mount pad (8) and the second main shaft (9) for mounting cutter, described main shaft mount pad (8) is located on main spindle box body (6), and described second main shaft (9) is located in main shaft mount pad (8).
7. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 6, is characterized in that, the diameter of axle of described second main shaft (9) is less than the diameter of axle of the first main shaft (7).
8. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described second main shaft (9) is electro spindle or air-flotation type main shaft.
9. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises the first tool magazine (10) providing cutter to the first mainshaft mechanism, and described first tool magazine (10) is located on column (2).
10. a kind of combined type Zuan Xi center according to claim 1, is characterized in that, also comprises the second tool magazine (11) providing cutter to the second mainshaft mechanism, and described second tool magazine (11) is located on XY axle workbench (3).
CN201520850109.4U 2015-10-29 2015-10-29 Combined type is bored and is milled center Active CN205218511U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105196059A (en) * 2015-10-29 2015-12-30 翎创机电(上海)有限公司 Combined-type drilling and milling center

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105196059A (en) * 2015-10-29 2015-12-30 翎创机电(上海)有限公司 Combined-type drilling and milling center

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