CN205189951U - Underground works and deep basal pit unmanned on duty real time monitoring early warning system - Google Patents

Underground works and deep basal pit unmanned on duty real time monitoring early warning system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205189951U
CN205189951U CN201520323779.0U CN201520323779U CN205189951U CN 205189951 U CN205189951 U CN 205189951U CN 201520323779 U CN201520323779 U CN 201520323779U CN 205189951 U CN205189951 U CN 205189951U
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data
transmission
unmanned
warning
monitoring
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CN201520323779.0U
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Inventor
毛吉化
朱茂栋
何钦
苏瑞明
阮园园
聂策明
郭振方
王延华
林南坚
陈松
张继峰
刘浩枫
邝婧雯
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Guangzhou Guangjian Construction Engineering Testing Center Co.,Ltd.
SOUTH SURVEYING & MAPPING TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.
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Guangzhou South Surveying & Mapping Instrument Co Ltd
GUANGZHOU CONSTRUCTION QUALITY & SAFETY TESTING CENTER
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Abstract

The utility model discloses an underground works and deep basal pit unmanned on duty real time monitoring early warning system, receive and analysis early warning platform is constituteed by on -the -spot sensor, the wireless collection of data and transmission system, engineering management platform, data, on -the -spot sensor is connected with wireless collection of data and transmission system, engineering management platform, data are received and analysis early warning platform is connected with wireless collection of data and transmission system radio communication respectively. The utility model discloses wireless collection of system and transmission system's low -power consumption collection module and on -the -spot sensor wireless connection, transmission system is wireless to receive data transmission and analysis early warning platform for data installation convenient to use, the engineering management platform is multi -functional engineering management platform, system software can carry out water level, back shaft power, inside horizontal displacement, on -the -spot surface displacement simultaneously and subside and automatic monitoring that the tunnel three -dimensional is warp.

Description

Underground construction and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned
Technical field
The utility model relates to construction project field, especially underground construction and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned.
Background technology
Underground construction refers to the underground civil-engineering going deep into below ground and build for developing Underground Space Resource, comprises ground lower room and underground structure, underground railway, highway tunnel, submerged tunnel, underground common trench and mistake street underground passage etc.China's subway construction cause and deep-foundation pit engineering develop very fast, underground structure and deep-foundation pit engineering have stronger ageing, monitoring must be accomplished in time, reflect the truth of engineering accurately, but it is main that China's existing pit retaining monitoring technology rests on personal monitoring's method substantially, certain gap is there is with engineering requirements, subject matter is that monitoring result is delayed, data reliability and utilization rate is low, authenticity is poor and preserve and experience accumulation weak effect, seriously constrains the development of monitoring.
The patent of invention of CN103835764A discloses underground construction and deep foundation ditch pre-warning system for monitoring, comprise data monitoring system, data transmission system, monitoring host computer and SMS transmission module, described monitoring host computer comprises digital signal processing module and abnormal signal processing module, the output of described data monitoring system is connected to the input of SMS transmission module by data transmission system digital signal processing module of unifying successively, described digital signal processing module is connected with abnormal signal processing module, not only ensure accuracy and the real-time of data analysis, ensured the validity of data by special data transmission system simultaneously.But what its signal transmission adopted is wired connection mode, installs and uses very inconvenient.
Utility model content
The utility model is for above-mentioned Problems existing, a kind of underground construction and deep foundation ditch pre-warning system for monitoring are provided, by the instruction of operated from a distance platform wireless transmission, achieve the unmanned collection of monitored data, be ensure that real-time and the authenticity of data by controlled in wireless.
The utility model for achieving the above object, takes following technical scheme to be achieved:
Underground construction and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, be made up of spot sensor, data wireless collection and transmission system, engineering management platform, data receiver and analysis and early warning platform, described spot sensor is connected with data wireless collection and transmission system, and described engineering management platform, data receiver are connected with data wireless collection and transmission system radio communication respectively with analysis and early warning platform.
Preferably, described data wireless collection and transmission system comprise for the acquisition module of pick-up transducers data, micro-control unit (MCU) and data transmission unit (DTU), described acquisition module is connected with MCU radio communication, and described MCU with DTU wire circuit is connected.
Preferably, described spot sensor comprises the osmometer for monitoring field water level, the concrete strain meter for monitoring field axial force of the supports and surface meter, for the stationary slope level being connected with sensor of monitoring field inner deep horizontal movement, the total station survey robot system for monitoring field surface displacement and sedimentation and tunnel Three-direction deformation, the sensor of described osmometer, concrete strain meter, stationary slope level is connected with acquisition module wire circuit respectively, and described total station survey robot system is connected with DTU wire circuit; Described tunnel is generally subway tunnel.
Preferably, described engineering management platform is software platform, comprises engineering typing, engineering attribute information solicitation, the distribution of engineering map location, monitoring project, monitoring components and parts configuration interface.
Preferably, described radio communication connects network used is GPRS/3G public network.
Preferably, described deep foundation ditch is provided with water level hole, concrete support, bracing members and deviational survey hole, described osmometer is embedded in water level hole place, described concrete strain meter is embedded in concrete support, bracing members surface is located at by described surface meter, described stationary slope level is arranged in deviational survey hole, and the transducer spacing of described stationary slope level manually can need setting according to scene, is preferably 1-3m.
Preferably, described deep foundation ditch also comprises the prism monitoring point being laid in section, described total station survey robot system comprises monitoring point prism, fixed prism control point and total powerstation robot, and described monitoring point prism is embedded in monitoring point place, and described total powerstation robot is set up in surrounding deep foundation pit.
Preferably, described acquisition module is low-power consumption acquisition module, and the energy consumption of described low-power consumption acquisition module is safeguard that normal frequency is supervised 6 months No. 5 batteries 3 consumed on market and saved.
Engineering information set up by engineering management platform, configure the monitoring project in concrete building site, sensor and wireless collection and transmission system are installed on scene, building site, engineering management platform issues job instruction by public network and carries out data acquisition to collection in worksite end, the data collected pass through public network, send it back data receiver and analysis and early warning platform in real time, in early warning platform, to the data analysis collected and early warning process.The utility model patent not only achieves the unmanned collection of monitored data, also be ensure that real-time and the authenticity of data by controlled in wireless.
Of the present utility model, relative to prior art, also there is following beneficial effect:
(1) the utility model system wireless gathers and the low-power consumption acquisition module of transmission system and spot sensor wireless connections, and transmission system is wireless transfers data to data receiver and analysis and early warning platform, easy to install.
(2) engineering management platform is multifunctional engineering management platform, and concrete function comprises:
(A) different engineering informations can be set up, thus realize multiple-project management, such as: the field supervision function arranged by administrative region administration rank;
(B) support that the map view of GIS platform is checked;
(C) there is sensor configuration module, by suitable configuration, realize the Classification Management to concrete engineering collection in worksite data;
(D) have and point to send instructions, the effect of Long-distance Control collection in worksite terminal.
(3) native system software can carry out the automatic monitoring of water level, axial force of the supports, inner horizontal displacement, onsite surface displacement and sedimentation and tunnel Three-direction deformation simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the utility model structured flowchart.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiment of the present utility model is described in detail.
Underground construction and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, be made up of spot sensor, data wireless collection and transmission system, engineering management platform, data receiver and analysis and early warning platform four part.Described spot sensor mainly comprises the hardware sensor such as osmometer, concrete strain meter, stationary slope level and surface meter, total station survey robot system, is respectively used to monitoring field water level, axial force of the supports, inner deep horizontal movement, onsite surface displacement and sedimentation and subway tunnel Three-direction deformation.Described data wireless collection and transmission system comprise three fractional hardware and low-power consumption acquisition module, MCU and DTU.Be specially:
One, collection in worksite end
(1) water level: osmometer is buried in on-the-spot water level hole underground, near water level hole, is provided with the osmometer be connected with low-power consumption acquisition module, and these data wirelessly can be sent to MCU according to instruction acquisition osmometer data by low-power consumption acquisition module.
(2) axial force of the supports: bury concrete strain meter underground in concrete support, bracing members surface mounting surface meter, described concrete strain meter is connected with low-power consumption acquisition module with surface meter, and low-power consumption acquisition module can count according to instruction concrete strain meter and surface and wireless these data is sent to MCU.Concrete strain meter and surface meter are respectively used to the axial force of the supports of monitoring concrete and bracing members.
(3) inner horizontal displacement and deviational survey: by stationary slope level according to pre-designed connected mode, put into deviational survey hole, stationary slope level is connected with sensor, transducer spacing controls at 1-3m, the sensor mouth of pipe is outer to be connected cable with low-power consumption acquisition module, and these data wirelessly can be sent to MCU according to instruction acquisition osmometer data by low-power consumption acquisition module.
(1) in (2) (3), said low-power consumption acquisition module is low-power consumption, selects on market No. 5 batteries 3 to save, can safeguard that normal frequency monitors 6 months, safeguard very convenient.No. 5 batteries on market can select 555 batteries or south to inspire confidence in battery.
(4) horizontal movement and vertical displacement (onsite surface displacement and sedimentation): field fabrication has observation pier; and make safeguard measure; position, monitoring point buries monitoring point prism underground; bury 3-4 fixed prism control point outside deformed region underground, total powerstation robot can carry out data of monitoring point collection automatically according to instruction.
(5) subway tunnel Three-direction deformation: subway tunnel lays prism monitoring point according to section, total powerstation robot is set up in side Dong Bi, lay 3-4 fixed prism control point outside deformation of metro tunnel region, total powerstation robot can carry out subway tunnel data of monitoring point automatic monitoring automatically according to instruction.
Two, transmission system
Waterlevel data, axial force of the supports data and deviational survey (inner horizontal displacement) data are sent to MCU by low-power consumption acquisition module, and data GPRS/3G public network is wirelessly transmitted to remote data receiving platform by DTU after collecting data by MCU.Oppositely, the instruction of engineering management platform can be assigned to DTU by GPRS/3G public network is wireless, then passs on to MCU, MCU and be distributed to each low-power consumption acquisition module, thus controls collecting work mode.
Total powerstation robot is connected with DTU wire circuit, by GPRS/3G public network, the data that the horizontal movement recorded, vertical displacement and subway tunnel Three-direction deformation are monitored are sent to remote data receiving platform, simultaneously, the instruction of engineering management platform can be assigned to DTU by GPRS/3G public network is wireless, pass on to total powerstation robot again, realize the remote interaction with common monitoring platform.
Three, engineering management platform
Platform is software platform, comprises the interfaces such as engineering typing, engineering attribute information solicitation, the distribution of engineering map location, monitoring project, the configuration of monitoring components and parts.
Engineering management platform is multi-functional, specifically comprises:
(1) different engineering informations can be set up, thus realize multiple-project management, such as: the field supervision function arranged by administrative region administration rank;
(2) support that the map view of GIS platform is checked;
(3) there is sensor configuration module, by suitable configuration, realize the Classification Management to concrete engineering collection in worksite data;
(4) possess and point to send instructions, the effect of Long-distance Control collection in worksite terminal, such as: can wireless transmission instruction, control the operating types such as on-the-spot frequency acquisition, achieve the Real-time Collection of monitoring.
Four, data receiver and analysis and early warning
This part realizes the monitored data receiving on-site wireless passback, processes data, and carries out early warning operation according to the alarming value designed and controlling value, also has monitored data report printing function.Due to the access of the monitor video of engineering site, make it to carry out visual check, thus understand the video information of engineering site.
The method of work of concrete the utility model system is:
1) engineering management platform issues job instruction to wireless collection and transmission system by GPRS/3G public network;
2) wireless collection and transmission system send instruction to micro-control unit or total station survey robot system by data transmission unit, micro-control unit sends instruction to acquisition module by GPRS/3G public network, and instruction is sent to osmometer, concrete strain meter, surface meter and is connected with the stationary slope level of sensor by acquisition module;
3) spot sensor image data, by the monitored data of on-the-spot water level, axial force of the supports and on-the-spot inner deep horizontal movement by acquisition module Wireless transceiver to micro-control unit, data GPRS/3G public network is wirelessly transmitted to data receiver and analysis and early warning platform by data transmission unit after collecting data by micro-control unit; Data GPRS/3G public network is wirelessly transmitted to data receiver and analysis and early warning platform by data transmission unit by the monitored data of onsite surface displacement and sedimentation and subway tunnel Three-direction deformation;
4) after data receiver and analysis and early warning platform receive monitored data, data are processed, and carry out early warning operation according to the alarming value designed and controlling value and/or monitored data form printed and/or carries out visual check.
More than that enforcement of the present utility model is illustrated, but the utility model is created and is not limited to described embodiment, those of ordinary skill in the art can also make all equivalents or replacement under the prerequisite without prejudice to the utility model spirit, and these equivalent distortion or replacement are all included in the application's claim limited range.

Claims (8)

1. underground construction and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, be made up of spot sensor, data wireless collection and transmission system, engineering management platform, data receiver and analysis and early warning platform, described spot sensor is connected with data wireless collection and transmission system, and described engineering management platform, data receiver are connected with data wireless collection and transmission system radio communication respectively with analysis and early warning platform.
2. underground construction as claimed in claim 1 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, described data wireless collection and transmission system comprise for the acquisition module of pick-up transducers data, micro-control unit and data transmission unit, described acquisition module is connected with micro-control unit radio communication, and described micro-control unit is connected with data transmission unit wire circuit.
3. underground construction as claimed in claim 2 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, described spot sensor comprises the osmometer for monitoring field water level, for concrete strain meter and the surface meter of monitoring field axial force of the supports, for the stationary slope level being connected with sensor of monitoring field inner deep horizontal movement, for the total station survey robot system of monitoring field surface displacement and sedimentation and tunnel Three-direction deformation, described osmometer, concrete strain meter, surface meter and the sensor be connected with stationary slope level are connected with acquisition module wire circuit respectively, described total station survey robot system is connected with data transmission unit wire circuit.
4. underground construction as claimed in claim 1 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, it is GPRS/3G public network that described radio communication connects network used.
5. underground construction as claimed in claim 3 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, described deep foundation ditch is provided with water level hole, concrete support, bracing members and deviational survey hole, described osmometer is embedded in water level hole place, described concrete strain meter is embedded in concrete support, bracing members surface is located at by described surface meter, and described stationary slope level is arranged in deviational survey hole, and the spacing between the described sensor be connected with stationary slope level is 1-3m.
6. underground construction as claimed in claim 3 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, described deep foundation ditch also comprises the prism monitoring point being laid in section, described total station survey robot system comprises monitoring point prism, fixed prism control point and total powerstation robot, described monitoring point prism is embedded in monitoring point place, described fixed prism control points layout or be embedded in outside deformed region, described total powerstation robot is set up in surrounding deep foundation pit.
7. underground construction as claimed in claim 4 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, is characterized in that, the energy consumption of described acquisition module is safeguard that normal frequency is monitored 6 months No. 5 batteries 3 consumed on market and saved.
8. underground construction as claimed in claim 5 and the real-time monitoring early-warning system of deep foundation ditch unmanned, it is characterized in that, described spot sensor and wireless collection and transmission system are installed on scene, building site, and described data receiver and analysis and early warning platform are connected to the monitor video of engineering site.
CN201520323779.0U 2015-05-18 2015-05-18 Underground works and deep basal pit unmanned on duty real time monitoring early warning system Active CN205189951U (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104879169A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-02 广州市建设工程质量安全检测中心 Underground engineering and deep foundation pit unattended real-time monitoring early warning system and working method thereof
CN107040602A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-11 广州市建筑科学研究院有限公司 A kind of foundation ditch and Intelligent Monitoring System for Underground Works and method based on Revit platforms
CN107747936A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-02 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method for monitoring the independent space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground on-line
CN108050989A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of real-time overall process monitoring method of underground space top bottom intelligence
CN108050988A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of multi-level real-time overall process monitoring method of space earth's surface underground intelligence in underground
CN108195346A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-06-22 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method of the real-time monitoring multi-level space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104879169A (en) * 2015-05-18 2015-09-02 广州市建设工程质量安全检测中心 Underground engineering and deep foundation pit unattended real-time monitoring early warning system and working method thereof
CN104879169B (en) * 2015-05-18 2018-08-28 广州市建设工程质量安全检测中心 Underground engineering and the unattended real time monitoring early warning system of deep basal pit and its working method
CN107040602A (en) * 2017-04-28 2017-08-11 广州市建筑科学研究院有限公司 A kind of foundation ditch and Intelligent Monitoring System for Underground Works and method based on Revit platforms
CN107747936A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-03-02 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method for monitoring the independent space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground on-line
CN108050989A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of real-time overall process monitoring method of underground space top bottom intelligence
CN108050988A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-05-18 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of multi-level real-time overall process monitoring method of space earth's surface underground intelligence in underground
CN108195346A (en) * 2017-11-16 2018-06-22 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 A kind of method of the real-time monitoring multi-level space earth's surface sedimentation and deformation in underground
CN108050988B (en) * 2017-11-16 2020-05-12 建研地基基础工程有限责任公司 Underground intelligent real-time whole-process monitoring method for underground multi-level space surface

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Address after: 510000 No. 5 Lane three North Lane, Yuexiu District Temple Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Co-patentee after: Guangzhou Southern surveying and mapping Polytron Technologies Inc

Patentee after: GUANGZHOU CONSTRUCTION QUALITY & SAFETY TESTING CENTER

Address before: 510000 No. 5 Lane three North Lane, Yuexiu District Temple Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Co-patentee before: Guangzhou South Surveying & Mapping Instrument Co., Ltd.

Patentee before: GUANGZHOU CONSTRUCTION QUALITY & SAFETY TESTING CENTER

Address after: 510000 No. 5 Lane three North Lane, Yuexiu District Temple Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Co-patentee after: Guangzhou Southern surveying and mapping Polytron Technologies Inc

Patentee after: GUANGZHOU CONSTRUCTION QUALITY & SAFETY TESTING CENTER

Address before: 510000 No. 5 Lane three North Lane, Yuexiu District Temple Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong

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Effective date of registration: 20210127

Address after: 510000 No. 5 Lane three North Lane, Yuexiu District Temple Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Patentee after: Guangzhou Guangjian Construction Engineering Testing Center Co.,Ltd.

Patentee after: SOUTH SURVEYING & MAPPING TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 510000 No. 5 Lane three North Lane, Yuexiu District Temple Road, Guangzhou, Guangdong

Patentee before: GUANGZHOU CONSTRUCTION QUALITY & SAFETY TESTING CENTER

Patentee before: SOUTH SURVEYING & MAPPING TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.