CN205174537U - Novel solar thermal energy wind -heat water allies oneself with confession system - Google Patents

Novel solar thermal energy wind -heat water allies oneself with confession system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205174537U
CN205174537U CN201520651538.9U CN201520651538U CN205174537U CN 205174537 U CN205174537 U CN 205174537U CN 201520651538 U CN201520651538 U CN 201520651538U CN 205174537 U CN205174537 U CN 205174537U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
air
water
bellows
ajutage
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520651538.9U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
罗继杰
钱媛
张蔚东
由世俊
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AIR FORCE ENGINEERING DESIGN RESEARCH BUREAU PLA
Tianjin University
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AIR FORCE ENGINEERING DESIGN RESEARCH BUREAU PLA
Tianjin University
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Priority to CN201520651538.9U priority Critical patent/CN205174537U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02BCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES RELATED TO BUILDINGS, e.g. HOUSING, HOUSE APPLIANCES OR RELATED END-USER APPLICATIONS
    • Y02B10/00Integration of renewable energy sources in buildings
    • Y02B10/20Solar thermal
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers
    • Y02E10/44Heat exchange systems

Abstract

The utility model discloses a novel solar thermal energy wind -heat water allies oneself with confession system is equipped with the dull and stereotyped air heat collector of solar energy, furred ceiling layer and the built on stilts floor layer of heat accumulation on this building, be connected with bellows, tuber pipe, fan and air water heat exchanger with the dull and stereotyped air heat collector of solar energy, the dull and stereotyped air heat collector of solar energy passes through the built on stilts floor of bellows, fan, tuber pipe, valve and heat accumulation and constitutes hot -blast direct heat supply / cold wind system, the dull and stereotyped air heat collector of solar energy still constitutes heating water system through tuber pipe, air water heat exchanger, pipeline and heat storage tank. Any hot water in season can be through air water heat exchanger from the interior heat that obtains of hot -blast main the whole year, in summer, it is indoor that nice and cool outdoor air passes through fresh wind tube pass income, realizes the cooling, in winter, hot -blastly heat in the closed circulation of the built on stilts floor layer of roof / heat accumulation / indoor formation, heat accumulation and exothermic, guarantee the indoor thermal comfort degree, improve the resident and live and rate realization energy saving and emission reduction with the renewable energy utilization of thermal system.

Description

Novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of heating system, particularly relates to the annual hot water supply of a kind of civil buildings (as village-town house, villa etc.) and the co-feeding system of winter heating.
Background technology
The development and utilization of the energy occupies critical role in human being's production and life, reduces primary energy consumption rate, raising efficiency of energy utilization and exploitation and utilizes regenerative resource to be the effective measures solving current energy problem.Building is the main consumer of the energy, thus also indirectly becomes the primary discharge person of environmental contaminants, and therefore, the emphasis that reducing building energy consumption becomes in design studies field is dealt with problems.
Solar energy as a kind of endlessly, clean regenerative resource, the gross energy arriving earth surface in one year is 10,000 times of current world main energy sources proved reserves, and thus countries in the world all utilize solar energy at active development.
In China, Solar Heater Market is quite ripe, but solar heating system is also under test, there is no solar building integrated (photo-thermal, optoelectronic integration) design that is perfect, that be beneficial to popularization and standard at present.
Utility model content
For problems of the prior art, the utility model proposes a kind of novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system on the technical foundation of existing solar-heating water, hot-air heating, and in annual any season, hot water can obtain heat by air/water heat exchanger in warm-air pipe; In summer, nice and cool outdoor air is introduced indoor by fresh air pipeline, realize cooling operating mode; In the winter time, hot blast carries out heating in the closed cycle of roof/accumulation of heat raised flooring layer/indoor formation, accumulation of heat and heat release, makes architecture indoor temperature all remain on more than uniform temperature at whole Heating Season, has good thermal comfort and energy saving.The utility model can improve the renewable energy utilization rate of resident living hot systems, realizes energy-saving and emission-reduction.
In order to solve above-mentioned secretary's problem, a kind of novel solar hot-water combined supplying system that the utility model proposes, plate solar air collector is provided with at the top of building, building is provided with furred ceiling layer, the floor of building is accumulation of heat raised flooring layer, and described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer is provided with air outlet; Be provided with fresh wind tube, ajutage, backwind tube, exhaust duct and blower fan in described furred ceiling layer, and on the pipeline section of ajutage introducing inside, roof, an air/water heat exchanger be installed; The inlet side of described plate solar air collector is provided with the first bellows, and described first bellows have air intake vent, and the outlet side of described plate solar air collector is provided with the second bellows, and described second bellows have air outlet; The air intake vent of described first bellows accesses described backwind tube, the air intake vent of described first bellows is also connected with one end of described fresh wind tube by described backwind tube, the other end of described fresh wind tube accesses outdoor, one end of described backwind tube leads to indoor from furred ceiling layer, the other end of described backwind tube and described ajutage UNICOM; The other end of described ajutage leads to the inside of described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer afterwards through furred ceiling layer, the other end of described exhaust duct leads to outdoor; The turnover port in the hot fluid space of described air/water heat exchanger is connected with the discharge pipe of described second bellows, and the turnover port in the cold fluid space of described air/water heat exchanger is connected to a hot water storage tank by heat exchanging water pipe, and described heat exchanging water pipe is provided with water pump; Described assembling is positioned on the pipeline section of furred ceiling layer porch on described backwind tube; Connecting pipe on connection official road in connecting pipe on described fresh wind tube, on described backwind tube, on described exhaust duct, between the air outlet of described blower fan and the return air inlet of described first bellows, between the air outlet of described blower fan and described ajutage, between described ajutage and described exhaust duct is respectively equipped with valve.
Further, described novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system, wherein, described hot water storage tank is connected with an auxiliary thermal source.Described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer inside is provided with another auxiliary thermal source, and the port that described ajutage penetrates in accumulation of heat raised flooring layer is connected with described auxiliary thermal source.
Compared with prior art, the beneficial effects of the utility model are:
(1) heat source side heat-obtaining device uses solar energy air heat collector, replaces solar hot water heat collector conventional in prior art, there is not frozen problem in winter, and operating temperature range is wide.The pressure-bearing, sealing etc. of air collector are less demanding, even if there is a small amount of leakage, on the operation of system and efficiency impact also less.The reaction of air collector is fast, can extend the Solar use time.Heat carrier is air, and do not corrode collecting plate and pipeline, service life of equipment is long.
(2) hot-air heating only has one-level heat-exchange system, and heat exchange loss is little.
(3) end uses the air layer of accumulation of heat raised flooring layer from accumulation of heat, and without the need to other energy-accumulation material, constructing operation is simple and easy, and economy is good.
(4) winter, summer and conditioning in Transition Season three operating mode are run, at utmost utilize solar energy, realize the effect of annual supplying hot water, Winter heat supply wind, force ventilation mode can be utilized for room temperature lowering at conditioning in Transition Season and summer evenings simultaneously, ensure IAQ simultaneously.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the principle schematic of novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system.
In figure:
1-plate solar air collector 21-first bellows 2-second bellows 3-fresh wind tube
4-backwind tube 5-ajutage 6-exhaust duct 7-blower fan
8-air/water heat exchanger 9-accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 10,14-auxiliary thermal source 11-heat exchanging water pipe
12-water pump 13-hot water storage tank 15,16,17,18,19,20-valve
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in further detail technical solutions of the utility model below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, described specific embodiment only explains the utility model, not in order to limit the utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of novel solar hot-water combined supplying system that the utility model proposes, be provided with plate solar air collector 1 at the top of building, the inside of building is provided with furred ceiling layer, the floor of building is accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9, and described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 is provided with air outlet; Be provided with fresh wind tube 3, ajutage 5, backwind tube 4, exhaust duct 6 and blower fan 7 in described furred ceiling layer, and the pipeline section introducing inside, roof at ajutage 5 is provided with an air/water heat exchanger 8.
The outfit area of described plate solar air collector 1 considers decision by the thermic load of building, building situation at local sunshine, selected solar insuring rate economic factor etc.Inlet side and the outlet side of described plate solar air collector 1 use bellows covering respectively, namely the inlet side of described plate solar air collector 1 is provided with the first bellows 21, the bottom of described first bellows 21 has air intake vent and accesses backwind tube 4, the air intake vent of described first bellows 21 is also connected with one end of described fresh wind tube 3 by described backwind tube 4, the other end of described fresh wind tube 3 accesses outdoor, one end of described backwind tube 4 leads to indoor from furred ceiling layer, the other end of described backwind tube 4 and described ajutage 5 UNICOM.
The outlet side of described plate solar air collector 1 is provided with the second bellows 2, and the bottom of described second bellows 2 has air outlet and accesses ajutage 5, and the other end of described ajutage 5 leads to the inside of described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 afterwards through furred ceiling layer; The air outlet of described second bellows 2 is also connected with one end of described exhaust duct 6 by ajutage 5, and the other end of described exhaust duct 6 leads to outdoor.
Described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 inside is provided with an auxiliary thermal source 10, and the port that described ajutage 5 penetrates in accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 is connected with described auxiliary thermal source 10.The turnover port in the hot fluid space of described air/water heat exchanger 8 is connected with the discharge pipe of described second bellows 2, the turnover port in the cold fluid space of described air/water heat exchanger 8 by heat exchanging water pipe 11 towards the hot water storage tank 13 being arranged on bathroom, described hot water storage tank 13 is connected with an auxiliary thermal source 14, and described heat exchanging water pipe 11 is provided with water pump 12.Described blower fan 7 is arranged on described backwind tube 4 and is positioned on the pipeline section of furred ceiling layer porch.
Described fresh wind tube 3 is provided with valve 15, described backwind tube 4 is provided with valve 16, described exhaust duct 6 is provided with valve 20, connecting pipe between the air outlet of described blower fan 7 and the return air inlet of described first bellows 21 is provided with valve 17, connecting pipe between the air outlet of described blower fan 7 and described ajutage 5 is provided with valve 18, and the connecting pipe between described ajutage 5 and described exhaust duct 6 is respectively equipped with valve 19.Dotted line in Fig. 1 shows the return air pipeline in the utility model.
Summer, conditioning in Transition Season adopt all-fresh air pattern hot-water supply, when outside air temperature is lower, indoor air temperature is higher, and can by outdoor Leads to new breeze room temperature lowering; Adopt full return air pattern hot-water hot blast alliance winter, Air Distribution is served back under being.Following detailed description three kinds of operating conditions of the present utility model.
One, summer, conditioning in Transition Season hot water supply operating mode
Air themperature T in the second bellows 2 of plate solar air collector 1 outlet side 1with the hot water temperature T bottom hot water storage tank 13 2the temperature difference arrive setting value △ T time, open the valve 15 on corresponding connecting line, valve 17 and valve 20, start blower fan 7 and water pump 12, after outdoor new wind enters plate solar air collector 1 heating by fresh wind tube 3, carry out heat exchange at air/water heat exchanger 8 place of furred ceiling layer and the water of hot water storage tank 13, hot gas is by outside exhaust duct 6 discharge chamber afterwards; As air themperature T 1with hot water temperature T 2the temperature difference lower than setting value △ T ' time, blower fan 7 and water pump 12 are stopped transport.Auxiliary thermal source 14 can according to the user-defined water time, with coolant-temperature gage, by the hot water heating of hot water storage tank 13 to design temperature, for user.
Two, summer, conditioning in Transition Season fresh air cooling operating mode
When room temperature is higher, and outdoor temperature lower than indoor temperature time, open the valve 15 on corresponding connecting line, valve 18 and valve 19, start blower fan 7.The new wind of outdoor low temperature is entered in accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 by fresh wind tube 3, ajutage 5, is sent, forms malleation space in room, by indoor Residual heat removal, ensure that the freshness of room air simultaneously by floor air supply register.
Three, winter hot water, hot blast alliance operating mode
On the daytime that illumination condition is good: air themperature T in the second bellows 2 of plate solar air collector 1 outlet side 1during higher than setting value, open the valve 16 on corresponding connecting line, valve 17 and valve 19, start blower fan 17.After indoor return air enters plate solar air collector 1 heating by backwind tube 4, air/water heat exchanger 8 heat exchange is passed through with the water of hot water storage tank 13 in furred ceiling layer, accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 is entered again through ajutage 5, the air of heating raised flooring bottom, directly sending into indoor by the air outlet on raised flooring layer 9 surface while accumulation of heat, is rooms.Meanwhile, if the temperature difference of the hot water temperature in the second bellows 2 of plate solar air collector 1 outlet side bottom air themperature and hot water storage tank 13 arrives setting value, then water pump 12 is started; If when the temperature difference is lower than setting value △ T ', water pump 12 is stopped transport.The start and stop of auxiliary thermal source 14 are with above-mentioned summer, conditioning in Transition Season hot water supply operating mode.
On night and illumination bad daytime: utilize the amount of stored heat heat supply of accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 inner air layer institute.Open valve 16 and valve 18, start blower fan 7, indoor return air directly enters ajutage 5 by the pipeline in furred ceiling, after entering accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9, by sending from air outlet at the hot-air of ground board memory storage before, carry out indoor air circulation air-supply, meanwhile, when the temperature at the air outlet place of accumulation of heat raised flooring layer 9 is lower than set temperature value, start auxiliary thermal source 10; When temperature is higher than set temperature value, auxiliary thermal source 10 is out of service.
In sum, the technical solution of the utility model is mainly using season as differentiation, and summer, conditioning in Transition Season all-fresh air operating mode provide domestic hot-water, simultaneously can utilize preheating in the new wind discharge chamber of low temperature, has not only ensured indoor thermal comfort but also has ensured the cleanliness factor of room air; Winter, hot-water hot blast alliance, preferentially used solar energy, when solar energy is not enough, used auxiliary thermal source to reach heating target.Be applicable to the residential architecture (country building, villa etc.) that heat distribution pipe network does not lay area, substitute conventional primary energy heat supply, there is significant effects of energy saving and emission reduction.
Above with reference to drawings and Examples, schematically describe the technical solution of the utility model, this description is not restricted.Those skilled in the art will be understood that in actual applications, and in the utility model, some change all may occur each technical characteristic, and other staff also may make similar Design under its enlightenment.Special needs to be pointed out is: only otherwise depart from design aim of the present utility model, all apparent variations in detail or similar Design, be all included within protection domain of the present utility model.

Claims (3)

1. a novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system, be provided with plate solar air collector (1) at the top of building, building is provided with furred ceiling layer, it is characterized in that:
The floor of building is accumulation of heat raised flooring layer (9), and described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer (9) is provided with air outlet;
Be provided with fresh wind tube (3), ajutage (5), backwind tube (4), exhaust duct (6) and blower fan (7) in described furred ceiling layer, and on the pipeline section of ajutage (5) introducing inside, roof, an air/water heat exchanger (8) be installed;
The inlet side of described plate solar air collector (1) is provided with the first bellows (21), described first bellows (21) have air intake vent, the outlet side of described plate solar air collector (1) is provided with the second bellows (2), and described second bellows (2) have air outlet;
The air intake vent of described first bellows (21) accesses described backwind tube (4), the air intake vent of described first bellows (21) is also connected with one end of described fresh wind tube (3) by described backwind tube (4), the other end of described fresh wind tube (3) accesses outdoor, one end of described backwind tube (4) leads to indoor from furred ceiling layer, the other end of described backwind tube (4) and described ajutage (5) UNICOM;
The air outlet of described second bellows (2) and one end of described exhaust duct (6) in parallel with one end of described ajutage (5), the other end of described ajutage (5) leads to the inside of described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer (9) afterwards through furred ceiling layer, the other end of described exhaust duct (6) leads to outdoor;
The turnover port in the hot fluid space of described air/water heat exchanger (8) is connected with the discharge pipe of described second bellows (2), the turnover port in the cold fluid space of described air/water heat exchanger (8) is connected to a hot water storage tank (13) by heat exchanging water pipe (11), and described heat exchanging water pipe (11) is provided with water pump (12);
Described blower fan (7) is arranged on described backwind tube (4) and is positioned on the pipeline section of furred ceiling layer porch;
Described fresh wind tube (3) is upper, described backwind tube (4) upper, described exhaust duct (6) is upper, connecting pipe on connection official road in connecting pipe between the air outlet of described blower fan (7) and the return air inlet of described first bellows (21), between the air outlet of described blower fan (7) and described ajutage (5), between described ajutage (5) and described exhaust duct (6) is respectively equipped with valve.
2. novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described hot water storage tank (13) is connected with an auxiliary thermal source (14).
3. novel solar wind-heat water co-feeding system according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described accumulation of heat raised flooring layer (9) inside is provided with an auxiliary thermal source (10), and the port that described ajutage (5) penetrates in accumulation of heat raised flooring layer (9) is connected with described auxiliary thermal source (10).
CN201520651538.9U 2015-08-26 2015-08-26 Novel solar thermal energy wind -heat water allies oneself with confession system Expired - Fee Related CN205174537U (en)

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CN201520651538.9U CN205174537U (en) 2015-08-26 2015-08-26 Novel solar thermal energy wind -heat water allies oneself with confession system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520651538.9U CN205174537U (en) 2015-08-26 2015-08-26 Novel solar thermal energy wind -heat water allies oneself with confession system

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109631137A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-04-16 江苏星云物联科技有限公司 A kind of method and heating system for realizing air type solar energy heating

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109631137A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-04-16 江苏星云物联科技有限公司 A kind of method and heating system for realizing air type solar energy heating

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160420

Termination date: 20170826

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee