CN101788161A - Building heat supplying and heating system based on solar air heat collector - Google Patents

Building heat supplying and heating system based on solar air heat collector Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101788161A
CN101788161A CN 201010129566 CN201010129566A CN101788161A CN 101788161 A CN101788161 A CN 101788161A CN 201010129566 CN201010129566 CN 201010129566 CN 201010129566 A CN201010129566 A CN 201010129566A CN 101788161 A CN101788161 A CN 101788161A
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China
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heat
heating
solar
air
energy
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CN 201010129566
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Chinese (zh)
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CN101788161B (en
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代彦军
李勇
赵东亮
王如竹
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上海交通大学
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E10/00Energy generation through renewable energy sources
    • Y02E10/40Solar thermal energy, e.g. solar towers

Abstract

The invention relates to a building heat supplying and heating system based on a solar air heat collector, which belongs to the technical field of solar applications. The system comprises a solar heat collecting system, a heat energy transmitting mechanism, a heat storing system and an automatic control system, wherein the solar heat collecting system is respectively connected with the heat energy transmitting mechanism to transmit the heated air; the heat energy transmitting mechanism is connected with the heat storing system to transmit the heat energy; and the automatic control system is respectively connected with the heat collecting system, the heat energy transmitting system and the heat storing system to output a control instruction. The invention effectively solves the problems existing in the original system, and simultaneously decreases the system investment and running cost of the solar heating.

Description

Building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector
Technical field
What the present invention relates to is a kind of device of technical field of solar, specifically is a kind of building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector.
Background technology
Be accompanied by China's economy great development in recent years, the consumption problem of the energy more and more highlights.Current, China builds total power consumption and accounts for about 20% of social terminal energy consumption, and northern town building heating energy consumption accounts for 36% of whole nation building total energy consumption, is the maximum part of building energy consumption.Be to solve the needed a large amount of energy of building and heating, can take the policy of increasing income and decreasing expenditure, on the one hand at some problems that exist in China's building and heating, bad as the architectural exterior-protecting construction insulation, not high the making accordingly of heating system efficient improved; On the other hand must searching can replace the regenerative resource of present conventional energy resource, solar energy has been subjected to people's extensive concern as a kind of cleaning, the free of contamination energy.
The solar-heating heating system is about to conversion of solar energy and becomes heat energy, supplies with building winter heating and annual other systems with heat.In China, current solar-heating heating still is in the starting stage, though some demonstration projects have been arranged, the general technical level is not high, still has big gap compared with developed countries.The Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, the solar-heating heating technology of China will get rapid development.
Find through retrieval prior art, Chinese patent open source literature CN2744991A has put down in writing a kind of " solar heating system ", and this technology comprises advances osculum and spiracle on solar energy heat collection pipe, water tank, the water tank, advance the pipeline that connects on the osculum, system makes water cycle set heat.But, make the water circulation that many weak points be arranged, need the problem of emptying as there being water winter, attention system promptly can not paralysed slightly; Water system also needs to consider the corrosiveness to parts such as pipelines simultaneously; When using hot water heating, indoorly must install the suitable heat transmission equipment of a cover additional, as radiator or buried coil pipe, will significantly increase the cost of system like this.And all these weak points all can be avoided by using the air circulation thermal-arrest.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is directed to the prior art above shortcomings, a kind of building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector is provided, effectively solving the in-problem while of original system, reduce the system's investment and the operating cost of solar heating.
The present invention is achieved by the following technical solutions, the present invention includes: solar thermal collection system, heat energy transport sector, hold over system and automatic control system, wherein: solar thermal collection system is connected with the heat energy transport sector respectively and adds hot-air with transmission, the heat energy transport sector is connected with transporting heat energy with hold over system, and automatic control system is connected with collecting system, heat energy transmission system and hold over system respectively with the output control instruction.
Described solar thermal collection system comprises: solar energy air heat collector and thermal-arrest blower fan, wherein: several solar energy air heat collectors are arranged on the lighting for buildings face with parallel way, the thermal-arrest blower fan is connected with several solar energy air heat collectors respectively by airduct, and the output of solar energy air heat collector is connected with the heat energy transport sector by airduct respectively.
Described hold over system comprises: heat storage medium, the main ground cage and a ground cage that ventilates ventilate, wherein: the ventilate main ground cage and a ground cage that ventilates all are embedded in the heat storage medium bottom and are interconnected, the main ground cage that ventilates is connected with the heat energy transport sector, the heating heat storage medium places in the main ground cage that ventilates, heat energy is delivered to the cage inside, main ground that ventilates through the heat energy transport sector, be evenly distributed to each ground cage that ventilates again, air evenly flows out behind a ground cage that ventilates heat storage medium is heated.
Described heating heat storage medium is a cobble.
Described solar air heat collection system is provided with the auxiliary thermal source heating system, and this auxiliary thermal source heating system is conventional heating installation.
Described solar air heat collection system is provided with hot-water heating system, and this hot-water heating system comprises: air-water heat exchanger and water circle device, wherein: air-water heat exchanger is connected with water circle device and contacts with the solar air heat collection system simultaneously.
Described automatic control system comprises: automatic control signal output blocks such as temperature sensor in automatic control box, each distribution and collecting system and the hold over system and blower fan, water pump.
The present invention can realize following six kinds of different operating modes:
(1) accumulation of heat operating mode
Under the situation that does not need to heat at interior of building, by adding hot-air, with the user demand of store heat for future to the energy storage bed transfer heat.
(2) directly to building heating operating mode
At building the heating demand is arranged, and in the energy storage bed and noenergy when storing, add hot-air by solar energy air heat collector this moment and directly send into the building heating, without energy storage bed.
(3) heat to building via energy storage bed
Building has the heating demand, and has certain energy to store in the energy storage bed, and enter energy storage bed by the heated air of solar energy air heat collector this moment, heats to building in the time of the heating energy storage bed.
(4) non-heating season protection against the tide, remove mould operating mode
Heat storage medium in the energy storage bed is in not user mode in the non-heating midium or long term, very easily grows mould, therefore adds hot-air by solar energy air heat collector and sends in the energy storage bed, to energy storage bed realization drying, except that mould.Air after using directly is disposed to atmosphere, does not enter building.
(5) auxiliary thermal source heating operating mode
But the empty calory time spent in solar energy deficiency and energy storage bed starts the auxiliary thermal source system directly to the building heating, satisfies building heating demand.
(6) hot water preparation operating mode
Realize the hot water preparation function by the air-water heat exchanger that is arranged in the thermal-arrest ajutage, to satisfy the building hot water demand of the whole year.
The present invention can make full use of solar energy, reduces the energy resource consumption of system, and the use of cooperation auxiliary thermal source has guaranteed the heat supply heating of building.Reasonably use recuperation layer ground cage system, guaranteed the uniformity of accumulation of heat; Can switch mutually between six kinds of mode of operations, guarantee the adaptability of this heat supply heating system to different external environment conditions, this system can satisfy the heat load and the annual hot water load in user heating season.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is a structural representation of the present invention.
The specific embodiment
Below embodiments of the invention are elaborated, present embodiment is being to implement under the prerequisite with the technical solution of the present invention, provided detailed embodiment and concrete operating process, but protection scope of the present invention is not limited to following embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, present embodiment comprises: solar thermal collection system 1, heat energy transport sector 2, hold over system 3, hot-water heating system 11 and automatic control system 4, wherein: solar thermal collection system 1 is connected with heat energy transport sector 2 respectively and adds hot-air with transmission, heat energy transport sector 2 is connected with transporting heat energy with hold over system 3, and automatic control system 4 is connected with collecting system 1, heat energy transmission system 2, hold over system 3 respectively with the output control instruction.
Described solar thermal collection system 1 comprises: several solar energy air heat collectors 5 and thermal-arrest blower fan 6, wherein: several solar energy air heat collectors 5 are arranged on the lighting for buildings face with parallel way, thermal-arrest blower fan 6 is connected with several solar energy air heat collectors 5 respectively by airduct, and the output of solar energy air heat collector 5 is connected with heat energy transport sector 2 by airduct respectively.
Described solar energy air heat collector 5 is plate air collector, through after the experimental study of multiple batches of solar energy air heat collector, obtained a kind of collecting efficiency height, can satisfy constructure heating and with the solar energy air heat collector of the integrated installation requirement of building.
Described hold over system 3 comprises: heat storage medium 7, the main ground cage 8 and a ground cage 9 that ventilates ventilate, wherein: the ventilate main ground cage 8 and a ground cage 9 that ventilates all are embedded in heat storage medium 7 bottoms and are interconnected, the main ground cage 8 that ventilates is connected with collecting system through heat energy transport sector 2, heat energy is delivered to cage 8 inside, main ground that ventilate through heat energy transport sector 2, be evenly distributed to each ground cage 9 that ventilates again, air evenly flows out behind a ground cage heat storage medium 7 is heated.
Described ventilation master ground cage 8 is built into by solid brick, and the ground cage 9 of ventilating is built into by hollow brick.
Described heat storage medium 7 is a cobble.
Described solar air heat collection system is provided with auxiliary thermal source heating system 10, and this auxiliary thermal source heating system 10 is conventional heating installation.
Described solar air heat collection system is provided with hot-water heating system 11, this hot-water heating system 11 comprises: air-water heat exchanger 12, water circle device 13 and water tank 14, wherein: air-water heat exchanger 12 is connected with water circle device 13 and contacts with the solar air heat collection system simultaneously, and use adds hot-air and comes the water of heating water circulating system inside to ensure the hot water supply of building.
Described automatic control system 4 comprises: automatic control signal output blocks such as temperature sensor in each distribution and collecting system, hold over system and the hot-water heating system and blower fan, water pump.
For six kinds of system different operating modes, now explain in conjunction with the accompanying drawings respectively.
During the accumulation of heat operating mode, Open valve 18,21, valve-off 19,20, indoor air outlet 15,17 is closed, and exhaust outlet 16 outside the opening chamber.System is from indoor exhausting like this, after the heat collector heating, evenly sends into the inner heating of recuperation layer cobble bed, and the Cryogenic air of oozing out through the cobble bed is drained into outdoor, does not enter the interior of building heating.This operating mode is applicable to and did not also enter before heating season, building does not still need heating, can come to be heating on the horizon season storing heat this moment by accumulation of heat, is because indoor temperature relatively than the outdoor temperature height, can obtain higher temperature after the heat collector heating from the purpose of indoor exhausting.
Directly under building heating operating mode, Open valve 18,21, valve-off 19,20, open in indoor air port 15, and 17 close, and exhaust outlet 16 is closed.System without recuperation layer, heats and directly enter house interior after the heat collector heating from indoor exhausting.This operating mode be applicable to long-term overcast and rainy after, recuperation layer inside stores with empty calory, but when the room has heating demand and weather condition good, can directly satisfy the thermic load demand of building by this system.The above-mentioned method of operation is full return air, if there is new wind demand in system, then can realize by control valve 19 and 18, and the air quantity of these two valves is carried out proportioning, is all occupying certain ratio in the air to guarantee new wind.
Via energy storage bed under building heating operating mode, Open valve 18,21, valve-off 19,20, open in indoor air port 17,15 close, exhaust outlet 16 is closed.System is from indoor exhausting, evenly heats cobble in the energy storage bed through heat collector heating back by the ground cage, and after oozing out from energy storage bed inside, the air layer on arrival boulder bed top enters indoor heating then.This operating mode is applicable to the heating under the normal condition, and promptly weather is good, has certain heat and user that the heating demand is arranged in the energy storage bed.The above-mentioned method of operation is full return air, if there is new wind demand in system, then can realize by control valve 18 and 19, and the air quantity of these two valves is carried out proportioning, is all occupying certain ratio in the air to guarantee new wind.
The non-heating season protection against the tide, remove under the mould operating mode, Open valve 19,21, valve-off 18,20, the air port 15,17 close chamber in, unlatching exhaust outlet 16.System, is evenly delivered in the accumulation of heat boulder bed energy storage bed is carried out protection against the tide and removes mould after the heat collector heating from the new wind of outdoor extraction.This operating mode is mainly used in non-heating season, because the energy storage bed most of the time is not in running order in non-heating season, therefore inside may produce moisture and moisture, grow mould therefrom, influence the living environment and the health of building, cobble in the recuperation layer is carried out protection against the tide and removes mould is necessary, also is necessary.All extract outdoor new wind during the work of this operating mode, the hot humid air that oozes out through boulder bed all drains into outdoor, must not inlet chamber in.
Under the auxiliary thermal source heating operating mode, system closing, promptly blower fan is shut down, and water pump is shut down, and auxiliary thermal source is started working.But this operating mode is applicable in the bad and energy storage bed of weather condition the empty calory time spent.
Under the hot water operating mode, the mode of operation of this system has two kinds, respectively at heating season and non-heating season.When system is in heating during season, no matter work in which kind of operating mode, as long as collecting system can be opened water pump in work, drive the water circulation and be heated.When system is in non-heating season, because building has not needed heating, so valve-off 18,19 and 21, Open valve 20 can be realized the circulation of air in heat collector inside, and is better, more efficiently the recirculated water in the heating heat exchanger.
With respect to the hot-water heating heating system of current application, this solar-heating heating system need not to consider leakproof, antifreeze, need not to install additional indoor heat transmission equipment, has reduced the cost of solar heating, but and high-efficient automatic operation.

Claims (6)

1. building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector, comprise: solar thermal collection system, heat energy transport sector, hold over system and automatic control system, it is characterized in that: solar thermal collection system is connected with the heat energy transport sector respectively and adds hot-air with transmission, the heat energy transport sector is connected with transporting heat energy with hold over system, and automatic control system is connected with collecting system, heat energy transmission system and hold over system respectively with the output control instruction;
Described hold over system comprises: heat storage medium, the main ground cage and a ground cage that ventilates ventilate, wherein: the ventilate main ground cage and a ground cage that ventilates all are embedded in the heat storage medium bottom and are interconnected, the main ground cage that ventilates is connected with the heat energy transport sector, the heating heat storage medium places in the main ground cage that ventilates, heat energy is delivered to the cage inside, main ground that ventilates through the heat energy transport sector, be evenly distributed to each ground cage that ventilates again, air evenly flows out behind a ground cage that ventilates heat storage medium is heated.
2. the building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described solar thermal collection system comprises: solar energy air heat collector and thermal-arrest blower fan, wherein: several solar energy air heat collectors are arranged on the lighting for buildings face with parallel way, the thermal-arrest blower fan is connected with several solar energy air heat collectors respectively by airduct, and the output of solar energy air heat collector is connected with the heat energy transport sector by airduct respectively.
3. the building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described heating heat storage medium is a cobble.
4. the described building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector of claim 1 is characterized in that, described ventilation master ground cage is built into by solid brick, and a ground cage that ventilates is built into by hollow brick.
5. the building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1 is characterized in that, described solar air heat collection system is provided with the auxiliary thermal source heating system, and this auxiliary thermal source heating system is conventional heating installation.
6. the building heat supplying and heating system based on solar energy air heat collector according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described solar air heat collection system is provided with hot-water heating system, this hot-water heating system comprises: air-water heat exchanger and water circle device, wherein: air-water heat exchanger is connected with water circle device and contacts with the solar air heat collection system simultaneously.
CN 201010129566 2010-03-23 2010-03-23 Building heat supplying and heating system based on solar air heat collector CN101788161B (en)

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102679434A (en) * 2012-01-21 2012-09-19 中国建筑西北设计研究院有限公司 Solar phase change heat storage and capillary network radiation heating system
CN102829503A (en) * 2012-09-30 2012-12-19 贺盛堂 Solar energy storing and heating system
CN103270914A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-04 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse combined with tower-type concentrating solar thermal energy-storage generating station
CN103759362A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-04-30 哈尔滨商业大学 Coupling and achieving method of solar photovoltaic heat utilization and heat and humidity adjustment of building air
CN103807908A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-05-21 兰州理工大学 Building foundation type sandy soil heat storage self-heating system
CN103807902A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-05-21 兰州理工大学 Porous adobe heat storage ultralow temperature convection radiant heating system
CN103900142A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 中国建筑科学研究院 Solar energy and air combined heat supplying and heating system used for rural house
CN103925629A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-16 大连爱特流体控制有限公司 Wind driven generator peak shaving phase-change energy-storage heat supply system
CN103939976A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-07-23 中天新能住宅技术有限公司 Heating phase degree thermal storage bed
CN104154619A (en) * 2014-08-30 2014-11-19 哈尔滨商业大学 Method for driving natural ventilation air conditioning system of building hollow structure to conduct ventilation by solar energy
CN104344451A (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-02-11 福州斯狄渢电热水器有限公司 Solar heater
CN104930729A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 甘肃省建材科研设计院 Solar middle temperature hot air system storing heat by means of phase-change materials
CN107166584A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-15 西安工程大学 Winter-summer dual purpose recuperation of heat indirect evaporating-cooling air-conditioning system with cobble bed accumulation of heat
CN109631137A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-04-16 江苏星云物联科技有限公司 A kind of method and heating system for realizing air type solar energy heating
TWI715480B (en) * 2020-03-31 2021-01-01 主力欣企業股份有限公司 Intelligent solar indoor air circulation device

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US4286575A (en) * 1978-12-04 1981-09-01 Jordan College Solar heat system
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Cited By (23)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102679434A (en) * 2012-01-21 2012-09-19 中国建筑西北设计研究院有限公司 Solar phase change heat storage and capillary network radiation heating system
CN102679434B (en) * 2012-01-21 2014-07-23 中国建筑西北设计研究院有限公司 Solar phase change heat storage and capillary network radiation heating system
CN102829503A (en) * 2012-09-30 2012-12-19 贺盛堂 Solar energy storing and heating system
CN102829503B (en) * 2012-09-30 2014-11-19 贺盛堂 Solar energy storing and heating system
CN103270914A (en) * 2013-06-21 2013-09-04 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse combined with tower-type concentrating solar thermal energy-storage generating station
CN103270914B (en) * 2013-06-21 2014-09-10 常州市亚美电气制造有限公司 Agricultural greenhouse combined with tower-type concentrating solar thermal energy-storage generating station
CN104344451A (en) * 2013-07-26 2015-02-11 福州斯狄渢电热水器有限公司 Solar heater
CN103759362B (en) * 2014-01-27 2016-04-06 哈尔滨商业大学 What photovoltaic heat utilization was wet regulate with building air heat is coupled and implementation method
CN103759362A (en) * 2014-01-27 2014-04-30 哈尔滨商业大学 Coupling and achieving method of solar photovoltaic heat utilization and heat and humidity adjustment of building air
CN103807908B (en) * 2014-03-13 2017-04-12 兰州理工大学 Building foundation type sandy soil heat storage self-heating system
CN103807908A (en) * 2014-03-13 2014-05-21 兰州理工大学 Building foundation type sandy soil heat storage self-heating system
CN103807902B (en) * 2014-03-14 2016-08-31 兰州理工大学 The ultralow temperature convection current radiant heating system of porous sun-dried mud brick heat accumulation
CN103807902A (en) * 2014-03-14 2014-05-21 兰州理工大学 Porous adobe heat storage ultralow temperature convection radiant heating system
CN103900142A (en) * 2014-04-14 2014-07-02 中国建筑科学研究院 Solar energy and air combined heat supplying and heating system used for rural house
CN103925629A (en) * 2014-04-29 2014-07-16 大连爱特流体控制有限公司 Wind driven generator peak shaving phase-change energy-storage heat supply system
CN103939976A (en) * 2014-05-16 2014-07-23 中天新能住宅技术有限公司 Heating phase degree thermal storage bed
CN104154619B (en) * 2014-08-30 2017-04-12 哈尔滨商业大学 Solar driven natural ventilation air conditioning system of building hollow structure and ventilation method
CN104154619A (en) * 2014-08-30 2014-11-19 哈尔滨商业大学 Method for driving natural ventilation air conditioning system of building hollow structure to conduct ventilation by solar energy
CN104930729A (en) * 2015-06-26 2015-09-23 甘肃省建材科研设计院 Solar middle temperature hot air system storing heat by means of phase-change materials
CN107166584A (en) * 2017-05-18 2017-09-15 西安工程大学 Winter-summer dual purpose recuperation of heat indirect evaporating-cooling air-conditioning system with cobble bed accumulation of heat
CN107166584B (en) * 2017-05-18 2019-11-26 西安工程大学 Winter-summer dual purpose recuperation of heat indirect evaporating-cooling air-conditioning system with cobble bed accumulation of heat
CN109631137A (en) * 2018-12-07 2019-04-16 江苏星云物联科技有限公司 A kind of method and heating system for realizing air type solar energy heating
TWI715480B (en) * 2020-03-31 2021-01-01 主力欣企業股份有限公司 Intelligent solar indoor air circulation device

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