CN205168533U - Device is alleviated rapidly in car brakeing that attaches pneumatics charging - Google Patents

Device is alleviated rapidly in car brakeing that attaches pneumatics charging Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205168533U
CN205168533U CN201520809155.XU CN201520809155U CN205168533U CN 205168533 U CN205168533 U CN 205168533U CN 201520809155 U CN201520809155 U CN 201520809155U CN 205168533 U CN205168533 U CN 205168533U
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brake
air compressor
pipe
locomotive
reservoir
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CN201520809155.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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马晶
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University of Jinan
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University of Jinan
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Abstract

Device is alleviated rapidly in car brakeing that attaches pneumatics charging relates to the car brakeing and alleviates technical field rapidly. Device is alleviated rapidly in car brakeing that attaches pneumatics charging characterized by: two locomotive air compressor machines are parallelly connected, and main air reservoir is connected to the locomotive air compressor machine, main air reservoir connects serial controlling device, and serial controlling device connects brake pipe, brake pipe connects through brake hose in each section vehicle connected department, main air reservoir is below at the bottom of the locomotive automobile body, application reservoir, auxiliary reservoir, checking cylinder are all below at the bottom of the vehicle automobile body, basic brake unit is connected to the checking cylinder, the air compressor machine of firm output pressure is in each vehicle of train, and air compressor machine branch pipe, air compressor machine branch connection brake pipe are connected to the air compressor machine of firm output pressure, distribution valve or control valve pass through checking cylinder union coupling checking cylinder, the application reservoir is through effect union coupling distribution valve or control valve.

Description

Attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind
Technical field
Attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, relates to car brakeing mitigation technique field.
Background technology
China railways network spreads all over the country, and railway transport of passengers is main stream traffic instrument.
China railways run in 28 days 4 April in 2008 time 41 points, T195 the passenger train that Qingdao is left in descending Beijing moves between Jiao Ji Railway Line Wang Cun to Zhou village and derails, and rushes at outside uplink roadbed.Just when now, 5034 passenger trains brakes in normal Yantai to the Xuzhou run are too late, final clashes into the speed of 70 kilometers per hour and derailing vehicle, and locomotive and 1-5 save compartment derailing.Jiaozhou-Jinan railway train colliding accident has caused 72 people dead, the serious consequence that 416 people are injured.
Therefore, train braking response time is short, and the brake system response time of rail vehicle is the guarantee of safe driving.But the rail vehicle of prior art, because the time of again filling wind after braking is generally 3-5 minute, if ton train employs emergency braking, then air-filled time even can more than 10 minutes.
Train brake is exactly the motion preventing train artificially, comprises and makes it slow down, and does not accelerate or out of service, " brake " that be namely commonly called as.The train braked or locomotive are removed or weakened its brake action, is then called " alleviation ", " declutching " of being namely commonly called as.The equipment set installed ON TRAINS for apply brake and alleviation, is generically and collectively referred to as train " brake ".
When the feature of self acting air damper is brake pipe's air draft (decompression), brake cylinder fills wind (supercharging), alleviates.Action when distributing valve/control cock experiences the pressure drop of brake pipe during brake pipe's air draft, be communicated with brake cylinder by auxiliary reservoir, the pressurized air in auxiliary reservoir is filled with brake cylinder, thus promotes foundation brake rigging and produce braking force.Fill wind process and be divided into two stages, action when distributing valve/control cock experiences the pressure increase of brake pipe in first stage, brake cylinder is communicated to air thus wind in emptying brake cylinder produces remission effect; Subordinate phase, is communicated to air by brake cylinder on the one hand when distributing valve/control cock action, on the other hand brake pipe is communicated to auxiliary reservoir and application reservoir, utilizes the pressurized air in brake pipe to fill wind to these two reservoirs.Advantage is, when train generation separation accident, when brake hose is pulled off, brake pipe's blast sharply declines, and distributing valve/control cock piston moves to retarder location automatically and promptly, therefore train can be braked rapidly until stop automatically.The safety of train operation can be improved, when train accidental separation, can automatic train stop, avoid causing more serious consequence.Therefore, extensively adopt in the railway system of China and world's most countries.
But, the deficiency of this brake of prior art is: when train normally runs brake pipe fill wind or air draft by locomotive control, when brake pipe fills wind, pressurized air can flow to application reservoir and the auxiliary reservoir of this vehicle via the distributing valve/control cock of each vehicle.Because the brake pipe of through full train has certain length, therefore then first said process can occur on vehicle thereafter from the upper generation of locomotive rear portion first car in turn, until last vehicle of train, and all there is certain volume due to the application reservoir of each vehicle and auxiliary reservoir, full train larger with air quantity.On vehicle, all wind regimes all come from locomotive simultaneously.Therefore, when this brake is applied to the longer train of marshalling, self-retention supervisor only to rise when starting to fill wind when being full of to the application reservoir of each car and auxiliary reservoir, the longer time can be needed, the time of again filling wind after usual braking is generally 3-5 minute, if employ emergency braking for the longer ton train of marshalling, then air-filled time even can more than 10 minutes again.Within this time period, if the emergency situation of occurrence injury traffic safety again, when needing braking, this brake normally cannot play braking effect, not have braking force even completely.
The locomotive engine that namely locomotive is commonly called as.
The compartment that namely vehicle is commonly called as.
The effect of foundation brake rigging is by the transmission of power of brake cylinder generation and is assigned on each wheel.
Application reservoir is that distributing valve or each action of control cock all can consume the pressurized air in application reservoir for distributing valve or control cock action provide the wind regime of power.
Electro-pneumatic brake is the abbreviation of electronically controlled pneumatic brake machine, the basis of air damper installs the electric controling parts such as electromagnetic valve additional and is formed.Its feature is that the maneuvering and control of brake action uses " automatically controlled ", but brake action prime power or pressurized air.And when brake automatically controlled malfunctioning for some reason, it is practicable " gas control " (atmospheric pressure control) still, becomes self acting air damper temporarily.At train speed very high or marshalling very long, when air damper is difficult to meet the demands, adopt electro-pneumatic brake greatly can improve the conformability of the braking of train front and rear part and mitigation, significantly alleviate Lognitudinal Impact of Trains, and shortening stopping distance, many high speed trains all have employed electro-pneumatic brake in the world.But because when electro-pneumatic brake fills wind, each vehicle is only controlled by electric signal, the wind regime that it fills needs in wind process still will be provided by locomotive.Even if the auxiliary reservoir of each vehicle and application reservoir can be made under the control of electric signal almost to start to fill wind simultaneously, but it does not always reduce with air quantity, and air-filled time still cannot obtain actv. to be shortened.
As can be seen here, no matter self acting air damper or electro-pneumatic brake after carrying out once alleviating, because the pressure in auxiliary reservoir fails to return to standard value in short time, need to provide enough pressurized airs to brake cylinder during braking, to such an extent as to brake cannot produce enough braking forces, does not have braking effect even completely.
Summary of the invention
On 4.28 accident same day, the uplink and downlink speed limit in incident location was 80km/h, and T195 time descending train rushes speed limit derailing because of misoperation by mistake, and the vehicle accumbency of derailing, on adjacent uplink, now there is no larger injures and deaths.But at this moment No. 5034 trains of up direction are owing to just entering the speed limit section of 80km/h, during the 80km/h that this train is specified to speed limit section by its standard running velocity 120km/h speed governing, used and once braked, to such an extent as to when driver finds the derailing vehicle of on uplink T195 time of accumbency, although take emergency braking measure in time, but once brake owing to just using, the auxiliary reservoir compressed air of each vehicle not yet reaches standard pressure cannot provide sufficient pressurized air to cause braking unable for brake cylinder, cause 5034 Train Stoppings not as good as the derailing vehicle knocking T195 time.Just result in 72 people dead, the tragedy that 416 people are injured just because of this Secondary Shocks.
To trace it to its cause not human accident completely, but because of the deficiencies in the prior art---" air-filled time again after braking is long " result in the second accident occurred in succession.
For overcoming prior art, then it is slow to fill wind speed degree, and the object of the application is for increase is filled airspeed, shortened air-filled time again.The application adopts following technical scheme for this reason:
1, attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind
1, the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that attached pneumatics fills wind comprises: the Air compressor 12 of locomotive car body 1, fuel tank 2, total reservoir 3, air compressor of locomotive 4, locomotive floor 5, angle cock 6, brake hose 7, resistor box vent window 8, electric connector 9, electric jumper lead 10, emergency valve 11, stable output pressure, brake pipe 13, bogie truck 14, foundation brake rigging 15, carbody 16, application reservoir 17, cut out cock 18, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21, brake branch pipe 22, car bottom girder 23
Emergency valve 11 comprises: emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency exhaust mouth 11-2,
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure comprises: airfilter 12-1, air inlet pipe 12-2, air compressor motor 12-3, support of motor 12-4, Air compressor body 12-5,
Brake pipe 13 comprises: Air compressor arm 13-1,
Application reservoir 17 comprises: effect pipe 17-1,
Auxiliary reservoir 20 comprises: secondary airduct 20-1,
Brake cylinder 21 comprises: braking earthen pipe 21-1,
It is characterized in that:
Locomotive floor 5 is in locomotive car body 1, and air compressor of locomotive 4 is on locomotive floor 5;
Two air compressor of locomotives 4 are in parallel, and air compressor of locomotive 4 connects total reservoir 3; (air compressor of locomotive 4 is prior art with the connection of total reservoir 3, those skilled in the art all understand how to connect, the force value that the pressurized air of total reservoir 3 is adjusted to driver needs via a series of operating control delivers to brake pipe 13) total reservoir 3 connects serial operating control;
(serial operating control is prior art, comprise blast main, automatic brake valve, equalizing reservoir, in equal connecting lines such as pipe, relay valve because be prior art, all do not draw in figure), series operating control connects brake pipe 13, the through permutation car of brake pipe 13; Brake pipe 13 in locomotive connects the brake pipe 13 in vehicle by angle cock 6, brake hose 7, Adjacent vehicles compartment be initiatively responsible for 13 to be connected to form through full train path through angle cock 6, brake hose 7; (any parts in all locomotives are prior art, do not make any change)
Total reservoir 3 is below locomotive car body 1 end;
Brake pipe 13, application reservoir 17, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21 are all below carbody 16 end;
Brake cylinder 21 connects foundation brake rigging 15;
Brake pipe 13 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by brake branch pipe 22, brake branch pipe 22 is equipped with cut out cock 18;
Distributing valve or control cock 19 are by secondary airduct 20-1 auxiliary connection reservoir 20;
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in the compartment of each joint vehicle of train, (due to vehicle mounting be do not distinguish direction by locomotive traction or implementation, so the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure can often saving any one end in the compartment of vehicle,) Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, Air compressor arm 13-1 connects brake pipe 13; (fill wind rapidly can to brake pipe 13 by the Air compressor arm 13-1 of the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure and the Air compressor 12 of stable connection delivery pressure, thus reach to increase fill airspeed, shorten again the object of air-filled time);
Distributing valve or control cock 19 connect brake cylinder 21 by braking earthen pipe 21-1;
Application reservoir 17 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by effect pipe 17-1;
Air compressor body 12-5 connects air compressor motor 12-3, has support of motor 12-4 under air compressor motor 12-3;
Electric connector 9 at the two ends of locomotive or vehicle, (providing electric power to each vehicle for locomotive)
Electric jumper lead 10 connects the electric connector 9 of locomotive and vehicle or adjacent two vehicles.
2, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: there is angle cock 6 brake pipe 13 and brake hose 7 junction.
3, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: the Air compressor 12 of described stable output pressure is reciprocating type compressor.(feature of reciprocating compressor is strong adaptability, and its discharge pressure is widest in area, all applicable to shoulder pressure from low pressure.Owing to filling wind without the need to stable filling wind to auxiliary reservoir 20, pulsation can be selected to fill wind.)
4, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: the air inlet pipe 12-2 place of the Air compressor 12 of described stable output pressure is connected with airfilter 12-1.
5, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: brake pipe 13 connects emergency valve 11 by emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency valve 11 has emergency exhaust mouth 11-2.
6, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described brake hose 7 is silicon rubber hose.
7, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described brake pipe 13 is smooth stainless steel tube.
8, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described Air compressor arm 13-1 is smooth stainless steel tube.
2, attached pneumatics fills the application of the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind
1, the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that attached pneumatics fills wind comprises: the Air compressor 12 of locomotive car body 1, fuel tank 2, total reservoir 3, air compressor of locomotive 4, locomotive floor 5, angle cock 6, brake hose 7, resistor box vent window 8, electric connector 9, electric jumper lead 10, emergency valve 11, stable output pressure, brake pipe 13, bogie truck 14, foundation brake rigging 15, carbody 16, application reservoir 17, cut out cock 18, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21, brake branch pipe 22, car bottom girder 23
Emergency valve 11 comprises: emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency exhaust mouth 11-2,
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure comprises: airfilter 12-1, air inlet pipe 12-2, air compressor motor 12-3, support of motor 12-4, Air compressor body 12-5,
Brake pipe 13 comprises: Air compressor arm 13-1,
Application reservoir 17 comprises: effect pipe 17-1,
Auxiliary reservoir 20 comprises: secondary airduct 20-1,
Brake cylinder 21 comprises: braking earthen pipe 21-1,
Locomotive floor 5 is in locomotive car body 1, and air compressor of locomotive 4 is on locomotive floor 5;
Two air compressor of locomotives 4 are in parallel, and air compressor of locomotive 4 connects total reservoir 3; (air compressor of locomotive 4 is prior art with the connection of total reservoir 3, those skilled in the art all understand how to connect, the force value that the pressurized air of total reservoir 3 is adjusted to driver needs via a series of operating control delivers to brake pipe 13) total reservoir 3 connects serial operating control;
(serial operating control is prior art, comprise blast main, automatic brake valve, equalizing reservoir, in equal connecting lines such as pipe, relay valve because be prior art, all do not draw in figure), series operating control connects brake pipe 13, the through permutation car of brake pipe 13; Brake pipe 13 in locomotive connects the brake pipe 13 in vehicle by angle cock 6, brake hose 7, Adjacent vehicles compartment be initiatively responsible for 13 to be connected to form through full train path through angle cock 6, brake hose 7; (any parts in all locomotives are prior art, do not make any change)
Total reservoir 3 is below locomotive car body 1 end;
Brake pipe 13, application reservoir 17, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21 are all below carbody 16 end;
Brake cylinder 21 connects foundation brake rigging 15;
Brake pipe 13 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by brake branch pipe 22, brake branch pipe 22 is equipped with cut out cock 18;
Distributing valve or control cock 19 are by secondary airduct 20-1 auxiliary connection reservoir 20;
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in each vehicle of train, and the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, and Air compressor arm 13-1 connects brake pipe 13; (fill wind rapidly can to brake pipe 13 by the Air compressor arm 13-1 of the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure and the Air compressor 12 of stable connection delivery pressure, thus reach to increase fill airspeed, shorten again the object of air-filled time);
Distributing valve or control cock 19 connect brake cylinder 21 by braking earthen pipe 21-1;
Application reservoir 17 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by effect pipe 17-1;
Air compressor body 12-5 connects air compressor motor 12-3, has support of motor 12-4 under air compressor motor 12-3;
Electric connector 9 at the two ends of locomotive or vehicle, (providing electric power to each vehicle for locomotive)
Electric jumper lead 10 connects the electric connector 9 of locomotive and vehicle or adjacent two vehicles.
It is characterized in that:
1st step locomotive is that vehicle is powered air feed:
After locomotive and coupling of vehicles, locomotive provides electric power by electric connector 9 and electric jumper lead 10 to vehicle; Locomotive provides pressurized air by angle cock 6 and brake hose 7 to the brake pipe 13 of vehicle;
2nd step is alleviated train braking and is filled wind:
When the Air compressor 12 of the stable output pressure in the first vehicle experiences the rising from the compressed air pressure of brake pipe 13, action is that brake pipe 13 fills wind;
Brake pipe 13 fills wind by brake branch pipe 22 for distributing valve or control cock 19; Distributing valve or control cock 19 experience from brake branch pipe 22 pressure raise time action, will brake earthen pipe 21-1 connection air, the pressurized air emptying in brake cylinder, brake action alleviation; (vehicle not connecting on-hook car is in braking mode usually)
Being communicated with the path leading to effect pipe 17-1 and secondary airduct 20-1 by brake branch pipe 22 while distributing valve or control cock 19 action is that application reservoir 17 and auxiliary reservoir 20 fill wind;
(effect of this step is alleviated by the train being in braking mode when stopping, and what be namely commonly called as declutches, then for braking next time provides pressurized air in time.)
2, attached pneumatics fills the application of the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: alleviate later train braking:
When train needs braking, driver makes the pressurized air of brake pipe 13 drain into air a little by serial operating control, more than air draft 20kpa/min during service braking, and decompression amount is 50-170kpa, is all discharge in the short time during emergency braking;
Synchronously reduce pressure with the brake branch pipe 22 of its connection while brake pipe 13 reduces pressure, action when distributing valve or control cock 19 experience more than the pressure drop rate 20kpa/min of brake branch pipe 22, secondary airduct 20-1 is communicated with braking earthen pipe 21-1, auxiliary reservoir 20 fills wind to brake cylinder 21, and brake cylinder 21 fills pneumatic work and promotes foundation brake rigging generation braking effect.
Beneficial effect
1, the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in the often joint compartment of train, and the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, and fill wind rapidly can to auxiliary reservoir 20, response time, by the 3-5 minute of prior art, shortens to 10-20 second.(the release of brake time synopsis see with prior art)
The attached pneumatics of the application fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind and the release of brake time synopsis of prior art
Self acting air damper Electro-pneumatic brake The present invention
Braking time Slowly Hurry up Identical with self acting air damper
Remission time 3-5m 3-5m 10-20s
2, the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in the often joint compartment of train, and the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, if slip after alleviating car tendency time, again can take braking at short notice, prevent the unexpected car that slips.
3, described brake pipe 13 and Air compressor arm 13-1 are smooth stainless steel tube, can reducing friction resistance, shorten air-filled time further.
Third edition chapter 1 Fig. 1-2 8 is published see " Principles of Chemical Engineering " Chemical Industry Press.
From Fig. 1-2 8, the relation of relative roughness and friction coefficient and Reynolds number, along with the increase of relative roughness, friction coefficient is monotonically increasing, and friction coefficient increases and means that friction drag is large, thus rough pipe than smooth pipe to fill wind slow.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1: attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus front view of car brakeing of wind
Fig. 2: attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus schematic diagram of car brakeing of wind
Fig. 3: I partial enlarged drawing
Fig. 4: II partial enlarged drawing
Fig. 5: III partial enlarged drawing
In figure: 1 locomotive car body, 2 fuel tanks, 3 total reservoirs, 4 air compressor of locomotives, 5 locomotive floors, 6 angle cocks, 7 brake hoses, 8 resistor box vent windows, 9 electric connectors, 10 electric jumper leads, 11 emergency valves, the Air compressor of 12 stable output pressures, 13 brake pipes, 14 bogie trucks, 15 foundation brake riggings, 16 carbodies, 17 application reservoirs, 18 cut out cocks, 19 distributing valves or control cock, 20 auxiliary reservoirs, 21 brake cylinders, 22 brake branch pipes, 23 car bottom girders, 11-1 emergency braking pipe, 11-2 emergency exhaust mouth, 12-1 airfilter, 12-2 air inlet pipe, 12-3 air compressor motor, 12-4 support of motor, 12-5 Air compressor body, 13-1 Air compressor arm, 17-1 effect is managed, the secondary airduct of 20-1, 21-1 brakes earthen pipe.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the application is described further.
Embodiment 1
1, the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that attached pneumatics fills wind comprises: the Air compressor 12 of locomotive car body 1, fuel tank 2, total reservoir 3, air compressor of locomotive 4, locomotive floor 5, angle cock 6, brake hose 7, resistor box vent window 8, electric connector 9, electric jumper lead 10, emergency valve 11, stable output pressure, brake pipe 13, bogie truck 14, foundation brake rigging 15, carbody 16, application reservoir 17, cut out cock 18, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21, brake branch pipe 22, car bottom girder 23
Emergency valve 11 comprises: emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency exhaust mouth 11-2,
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure comprises: airfilter 12-1, air inlet pipe 12-2, air compressor motor 12-3, support of motor 12-4, Air compressor body 12-5,
Brake pipe 13 comprises: Air compressor arm 13-1,
Application reservoir 17 comprises: effect pipe 17-1,
Auxiliary reservoir 20 comprises: secondary airduct 20-1,
Brake cylinder 21 comprises: braking earthen pipe 21-1,
It is characterized in that:
Locomotive floor 5 is in locomotive car body 1, and air compressor of locomotive 4 is on locomotive floor 5;
Two air compressor of locomotives 4 are in parallel, and air compressor of locomotive 4 connects total reservoir 3; (air compressor of locomotive 4 is prior art with the connection of total reservoir 3, those skilled in the art all understand how to connect, the force value that the pressurized air of total reservoir 3 is adjusted to driver needs via a series of operating control delivers to brake pipe 13) total reservoir 3 connects serial operating control;
(serial operating control is prior art, comprise blast main, automatic brake valve, equalizing reservoir, in equal connecting lines such as pipe, relay valve because be prior art, all do not draw in figure), series operating control connects brake pipe 13, the through permutation car of brake pipe 13; Brake pipe 13 in locomotive connects the brake pipe 13 in vehicle by angle cock 6, brake hose 7, Adjacent vehicles compartment be initiatively responsible for 13 to be connected to form through full train path through angle cock 6, brake hose 7; (any parts in all locomotives are prior art, do not make any change)
Total reservoir 3 is below locomotive car body 1 end;
Brake pipe 13, application reservoir 17, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21 are all below carbody 16 end;
Brake cylinder 21 connects foundation brake rigging 15;
Brake pipe 13 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by brake branch pipe 22, brake branch pipe 22 is equipped with cut out cock 18;
Distributing valve or control cock 19 are by secondary airduct 20-1 auxiliary connection reservoir 20;
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in the compartment of each joint vehicle of train, (due to vehicle mounting be do not distinguish direction by locomotive traction or implementation, so the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure can often saving any one end in the compartment of vehicle,) Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, Air compressor arm 13-1 connects brake pipe 13; (fill wind rapidly can to brake pipe 13 by the Air compressor arm 13-1 of the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure and the Air compressor 12 of stable connection delivery pressure, thus reach to increase fill airspeed, shorten again the object of air-filled time);
Distributing valve or control cock 19 connect brake cylinder 21 by braking earthen pipe 21-1;
Application reservoir 17 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by effect pipe 17-1;
Air compressor body 12-5 connects air compressor motor 12-3, has support of motor 12-4 under air compressor motor 12-3;
Electric connector 9 at the two ends of locomotive or vehicle, (providing electric power to each vehicle for locomotive)
Electric jumper lead 10 connects the electric connector 9 of locomotive and vehicle or adjacent two vehicles.
2, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: there is angle cock 6 brake pipe 13 and brake hose 7 junction.
3, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: the Air compressor 12 of described stable output pressure is reciprocating type compressor.(feature of reciprocating compressor is strong adaptability, and its discharge pressure is widest in area, all applicable to shoulder pressure from low pressure.Owing to filling wind without the need to stable filling wind to auxiliary reservoir 20, pulsation can be selected to fill wind.)
4, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: the air inlet pipe 12-2 place of the Air compressor 12 of described stable output pressure is connected with airfilter 12-1.
5, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: brake pipe 13 connects emergency valve 11 by emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency valve 11 has emergency exhaust mouth 11-2.
6, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described brake hose 7 is silicon rubber hose.
7, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described brake pipe 13 is smooth stainless steel tube.
8, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described Air compressor arm 13-1 is smooth stainless steel tube.
9, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described distributing valve or control cock 19 are distributing valve.
Embodiment 2
1, the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that attached pneumatics fills wind comprises: the Air compressor 12 of locomotive car body 1, fuel tank 2, total reservoir 3, air compressor of locomotive 4, locomotive floor 5, angle cock 6, brake hose 7, resistor box vent window 8, electric connector 9, electric jumper lead 10, emergency valve 11, stable output pressure, brake pipe 13, bogie truck 14, foundation brake rigging 15, carbody 16, application reservoir 17, cut out cock 18, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21, brake branch pipe 22, car bottom girder 23
Emergency valve 11 comprises: emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency exhaust mouth 11-2,
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure comprises: airfilter 12-1, air inlet pipe 12-2, air compressor motor 12-3, support of motor 12-4, Air compressor body 12-5,
Brake pipe 13 comprises: Air compressor arm 13-1,
Application reservoir 17 comprises: effect pipe 17-1,
Auxiliary reservoir 20 comprises: secondary airduct 20-1,
Brake cylinder 21 comprises: braking earthen pipe 21-1,
It is characterized in that:
Locomotive floor 5 is in locomotive car body 1, and air compressor of locomotive 4 is on locomotive floor 5;
Two air compressor of locomotives 4 are in parallel, and air compressor of locomotive 4 connects total reservoir 3; (air compressor of locomotive 4 is prior art with the connection of total reservoir 3, those skilled in the art all understand how to connect, the force value that the pressurized air of total reservoir 3 is adjusted to driver needs via a series of operating control delivers to brake pipe 13) total reservoir 3 connects serial operating control;
(serial operating control is prior art, comprise blast main, automatic brake valve, equalizing reservoir, in equal connecting lines such as pipe, relay valve because be prior art, all do not draw in figure), series operating control connects brake pipe 13, the through permutation car of brake pipe 13; Brake pipe 13 in locomotive connects the brake pipe 13 in vehicle by angle cock 6, brake hose 7, Adjacent vehicles compartment be initiatively responsible for 13 to be connected to form through full train path through angle cock 6, brake hose 7; (any parts in all locomotives are prior art, do not make any change)
Total reservoir 3 is below locomotive car body 1 end;
Brake pipe 13, application reservoir 17, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21 are all below carbody 16 end;
Brake cylinder 21 connects foundation brake rigging 15;
Brake pipe 13 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by brake branch pipe 22, brake branch pipe 22 is equipped with cut out cock 18;
Distributing valve or control cock 19 are by secondary airduct 20-1 auxiliary connection reservoir 20;
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in the compartment of each joint vehicle of train, (due to vehicle mounting be do not distinguish direction by locomotive traction or implementation, so the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure can often saving any one end in the compartment of vehicle,) Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, Air compressor arm 13-1 connects brake pipe 13; (fill wind rapidly can to brake pipe 13 by the Air compressor arm 13-1 of the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure and the Air compressor 12 of stable connection delivery pressure, thus reach to increase fill airspeed, shorten again the object of air-filled time);
Distributing valve or control cock 19 connect brake cylinder 21 by braking earthen pipe 21-1;
Application reservoir 17 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by effect pipe 17-1;
Air compressor body 12-5 connects air compressor motor 12-3, has support of motor 12-4 under air compressor motor 12-3;
Electric connector 9 at the two ends of locomotive or vehicle, (providing electric power to each vehicle for locomotive)
Electric jumper lead 10 connects the electric connector 9 of locomotive and vehicle or adjacent two vehicles.
2, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: there is angle cock 6 brake pipe 13 and brake hose 7 junction.
3, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: the Air compressor 12 of described stable output pressure is reciprocating type compressor.(feature of reciprocating compressor is strong adaptability, and its discharge pressure is widest in area, all applicable to shoulder pressure from low pressure.Owing to filling wind without the need to stable filling wind to auxiliary reservoir 20, pulsation can be selected to fill wind.)
4, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: the air inlet pipe 12-2 place of the Air compressor 12 of described stable output pressure is connected with airfilter 12-1.
5, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: brake pipe 13 connects emergency valve 11 by emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency valve 11 has emergency exhaust mouth 11-2.
6, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described brake hose 7 is silicon rubber hose.
7, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described brake pipe 13 is smooth stainless steel tube.
8, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described Air compressor arm 13-1 is smooth stainless steel tube.
9, described attached pneumatics fills the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: described distributing valve or control cock 19 are control cock.
Embodiment 3
1, the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that attached pneumatics fills wind comprises: the Air compressor 12 of locomotive car body 1, fuel tank 2, total reservoir 3, air compressor of locomotive 4, locomotive floor 5, angle cock 6, brake hose 7, resistor box vent window 8, electric connector 9, electric jumper lead 10, emergency valve 11, stable output pressure, brake pipe 13, bogie truck 14, foundation brake rigging 15, carbody 16, application reservoir 17, cut out cock 18, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21, brake branch pipe 22, car bottom girder 23
Emergency valve 11 comprises: emergency braking pipe 11-1, emergency exhaust mouth 11-2,
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure comprises: airfilter 12-1, air inlet pipe 12-2, air compressor motor 12-3, support of motor 12-4, Air compressor body 12-5,
Brake pipe 13 comprises: Air compressor arm 13-1,
Application reservoir 17 comprises: effect pipe 17-1,
Auxiliary reservoir 20 comprises: secondary airduct 20-1,
Brake cylinder 21 comprises: braking earthen pipe 21-1,
Locomotive floor 5 is in locomotive car body 1, and air compressor of locomotive 4 is on locomotive floor 5;
Two air compressor of locomotives 4 are in parallel, and air compressor of locomotive 4 connects total reservoir 3; (air compressor of locomotive 4 is prior art with the connection of total reservoir 3, those skilled in the art all understand how to connect, the force value that the pressurized air of total reservoir 3 is adjusted to driver needs via a series of operating control delivers to brake pipe 13) total reservoir 3 connects serial operating control;
(serial operating control is prior art, comprise blast main, automatic brake valve, equalizing reservoir, in equal connecting lines such as pipe, relay valve because be prior art, all do not draw in figure), series operating control connects brake pipe 13, the through permutation car of brake pipe 13; Brake pipe 13 in locomotive connects the brake pipe 13 in vehicle by angle cock 6, brake hose 7, Adjacent vehicles compartment be initiatively responsible for 13 to be connected to form through full train path through angle cock 6, brake hose 7; (any parts in all locomotives are prior art, do not make any change)
Total reservoir 3 is below locomotive car body 1 end;
Brake pipe 13, application reservoir 17, distributing valve or control cock 19, auxiliary reservoir 20, brake cylinder 21 are all below carbody 16 end;
Brake cylinder 21 connects foundation brake rigging 15;
Brake pipe 13 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by brake branch pipe 22, brake branch pipe 22 is equipped with cut out cock 18;
Distributing valve or control cock 19 are by secondary airduct 20-1 auxiliary connection reservoir 20;
The Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure is in each vehicle of train, and the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm 13-1, and Air compressor arm 13-1 connects brake pipe 13; (fill wind rapidly can to brake pipe 13 by the Air compressor arm 13-1 of the Air compressor 12 of stable output pressure and the Air compressor 12 of stable connection delivery pressure, thus reach to increase fill airspeed, shorten again the object of air-filled time);
Distributing valve or control cock 19 connect brake cylinder 21 by braking earthen pipe 21-1;
Application reservoir 17 connects distributing valve or control cock 19 by effect pipe 17-1;
Air compressor body 12-5 connects air compressor motor 12-3, has support of motor 12-4 under air compressor motor 12-3;
Electric connector 9 at the two ends of locomotive or vehicle, (providing electric power to each vehicle for locomotive)
Electric jumper lead 10 connects the electric connector 9 of locomotive and vehicle or adjacent two vehicles.
It is characterized in that:
1st step locomotive is that vehicle is powered air feed:
After locomotive and coupling of vehicles, locomotive provides electric power by electric connector 9 and electric jumper lead 10 to vehicle; Locomotive provides pressurized air by angle cock 6 and brake hose 7 to the brake pipe 13 of vehicle;
2nd step is alleviated train braking and is filled wind:
When the Air compressor 12 of the stable output pressure in the first vehicle experiences the rising from the compressed air pressure of brake pipe 13, action is that brake pipe 13 fills wind;
Brake pipe 13 fills wind by brake branch pipe 22 for distributing valve or control cock 19; Distributing valve or control cock 19 experience from brake branch pipe 22 pressure raise time action, will brake earthen pipe 21-1 connection air, the pressurized air emptying in brake cylinder, brake action alleviation; (vehicle not connecting on-hook car is in braking mode usually)
Being communicated with the path leading to effect pipe 17-1 and secondary airduct 20-1 by brake branch pipe 22 while distributing valve or control cock 19 action is that application reservoir 17 and auxiliary reservoir 20 fill wind;
(effect of this step is alleviated by the train being in braking mode when stopping, and what be namely commonly called as declutches, then for braking next time provides pressurized air in time.)
2, attached pneumatics fills the application of the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing of wind, it is characterized in that: alleviate later train braking:
When train needs braking, driver makes the pressurized air of brake pipe 13 drain into air a little by serial operating control, more than air draft 20kpa/min during service braking, and decompression amount is 50-170kpa, is all discharge in the short time during emergency braking;
Synchronously reduce pressure with the brake branch pipe 22 of its connection while brake pipe 13 reduces pressure, action when distributing valve or control cock 19 experience more than the pressure drop rate 20kpa/min of brake branch pipe 22, secondary airduct 20-1 is communicated with braking earthen pipe 21-1, auxiliary reservoir 20 fills wind to brake cylinder 21, and brake cylinder 21 fills pneumatic work and promotes foundation brake rigging generation braking effect.
No matter note: same-action is not identical for distributing valve and control cock structure, in this application, apply distributing valve or control cock.
The explanation of described relevant technical terms
Angle cock 6---locomotive and vehicle or vehicle and coupling of vehicles or when plucking solution for disconnecting the path between brake pipe 13 and brake hose 6, avoid brake hose 6 to beat because high pressure causes and damage vehicle arrangement or injure neighbouring personnel.
Cut out cock 18---when the cut out cock of a certain vehicle is closed, the brake of this vehicle will be in relieved state all the time, no longer by the control of brake pipe.
Except the technical characteristic described in the application, other are all prior art, one of ordinary skill in the art, all can make according to the technical scheme described in the application, repeat no more.

Claims (6)

1. the rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that attached pneumatics fills wind comprises: the Air compressor of locomotive car body, fuel tank, total reservoir, air compressor of locomotive, locomotive floor, angle cock, brake hose, resistor box vent window, electric connector, electric jumper lead, emergency valve, stable output pressure, brake pipe, bogie truck, foundation brake rigging, carbody, application reservoir, cut out cock, distributing valve or control cock, auxiliary reservoir, brake cylinder, brake branch pipe, car bottom girder
Emergency valve comprises: emergency braking pipe, emergency exhaust mouth,
The Air compressor of stable output pressure comprises: airfilter, air inlet pipe, air compressor motor, support of motor, Air compressor body,
Brake pipe comprises: Air compressor arm,
Application reservoir comprises: effect pipe,
Auxiliary reservoir comprises: secondary airduct,
Brake cylinder comprises: braking earthen pipe,
It is characterized in that:
Locomotive floor is in locomotive car body, and air compressor of locomotive is on locomotive floor;
Two air compressor of locomotive parallel connections, air compressor of locomotive connects total reservoir; Total reservoir connects serial operating control; Series operating control connects brake pipe, the through permutation car of brake pipe; Brake pipe in locomotive connects the brake pipe in vehicle by angle cock, brake hose, the active supervisor in Adjacent vehicles compartment is connected to form the path of through full train through angle cock, brake hose;
Total reservoir at the bottom of locomotive car body below;
Brake pipe, application reservoir, electric empty distributing valve, auxiliary reservoir, brake cylinder all at the bottom of carbody below;
Brake cylinder connects foundation brake rigging;
Brake pipe connects distributing valve or control cock by brake branch pipe, and brake branch pipe is equipped with cut out cock;
Distributing valve or control cock are by secondary airduct auxiliary connection reservoir;
The Air compressor of stable output pressure is in the compartment of each joint vehicle of train, and the Air compressor of stable output pressure connects Air compressor arm, and Air compressor arm connects brake pipe;
Distributing valve or control cock connect brake cylinder by braking earthen pipe;
Application reservoir connects distributing valve or control cock by effect pipe;
Air compressor body connects air compressor motor, has support of motor under air compressor motor;
Electric connector at the two ends of locomotive or vehicle,
Electric jumper lead connects the electric connector of locomotive and vehicle or adjacent two vehicles.
2. the attached pneumatics as claimed in claim 1 rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that fills wind, is characterized in that: there is angle cock brake pipe and brake hose junction.
3. the attached pneumatics as claimed in claim 1 rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that fills wind, is characterized in that: the Air compressor of described stable output pressure is reciprocating type compressor.
4. the attached pneumatics as claimed in claim 1 rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that fills wind, is characterized in that: the air inlet pipe place of the Air compressor of described stable output pressure is connected with airfilter.
5. the attached pneumatics as claimed in claim 1 rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that fills wind, is characterized in that: brake pipe connects emergency valve by emergency braking pipe, emergency valve has emergency exhaust mouth.
6. the attached pneumatics as claimed in claim 1 rapid relieving apparatus of car brakeing that fills wind, is characterized in that: described brake hose is silicon rubber hose.
CN201520809155.XU 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 Device is alleviated rapidly in car brakeing that attaches pneumatics charging Expired - Fee Related CN205168533U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520809155.XU CN205168533U (en) 2015-10-19 2015-10-19 Device is alleviated rapidly in car brakeing that attaches pneumatics charging

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105197059A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-30 济南大学 Device used for rapidly releasing vehicle braking and additionally provided with air compressors for air recharging

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105197059A (en) * 2015-10-19 2015-12-30 济南大学 Device used for rapidly releasing vehicle braking and additionally provided with air compressors for air recharging

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