CN205055811U - Domestic waste biological deodorization system - Google Patents

Domestic waste biological deodorization system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205055811U
CN205055811U CN201520719417.3U CN201520719417U CN205055811U CN 205055811 U CN205055811 U CN 205055811U CN 201520719417 U CN201520719417 U CN 201520719417U CN 205055811 U CN205055811 U CN 205055811U
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China
Prior art keywords
biofilter
pool
water
spray
house refuse
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Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
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CN201520719417.3U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
邓飞飞
毛志伟
程群
甘昊
曹宗平
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China Building Materials (hefei) Environment And Resources Technology Co Ltd
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China Building Materials (hefei) Environment And Resources Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201520719417.3U priority Critical patent/CN205055811U/en
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Publication of CN205055811U publication Critical patent/CN205055811U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A50/00TECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE in human health protection, e.g. against extreme weather
    • Y02A50/20Air quality improvement or preservation, e.g. vehicle emission control or emission reduction by using catalytic converters

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  • Treating Waste Gases (AREA)

Abstract

The utility model discloses a domestic waste biological deodorization system, include the admit air system of giving vent to anger, filtering pond system, spray drainage system, the system of giving vent to anger of admitting air includes air -supply line, fan and sets up the blast pipe on biological filter upper portion, the filtering pond system includes the prewashing pond and the biological filter of lower part UNICOM, separates through the baffle between prewashing pond and the biological filter, be filled with the porosity plastic filler that specific surface is big in the prewashing pond, be filled with biological filter material in the biological filter, utilize microbial cell to absorption, absorption and the degradation function of odorant, the cell individuality of microorganism is little, the surface area is big, the adsorptivity is strong, the manifold characteristics of metabolic type, resolves into in nontoxicity and innocuousness's such as CO2, H2O, SO42 -, NO3 - the final atmospheric dilution of simple inorganic matter after adsorbing the odorant. The biological deodorization system is a safe and reliable's a processing method, and deodorant efficacy is greater than 90%.

Description

One way of life rubbish biological deodoration system
Technical field
The utility model relates to eliminating malodours from gases technical field, particularly relates to the process system of one way of life rubbish biological deodorizing.
Background technology
Along with the quickening of urbanization process, the quantity of house refuse sharply increases, and link disposed by garbage transfer, landfill, compost, storage etc. all can produce foul gas.
Odor pollution refer to contain in the materials such as air, water body, discarded object, have human body can be caused to detest or the volatile materials of unhappy smell, by air dielectric, act on the olfactory organ of people and perceived a kind of sense of smell is polluted.
House refuse all can discharge the gas of fetor storing in disposal process, these gas componants are very complicated, mainly the organic exhaust gas of sulfur-bearing, nitrogen, oxygen or inorganic waste gases.Usually have: hydrogen sulfide, acetaldehyde, sulfur dioxide, mercaptan, dimethyl disulfide, amine, aromatic compound, aliphatic acid etc.These gases not only have a strong impact on the work situation of workman and healthy causing, and this stench spreads the normal life that also can affect surrounding resident around plant area, therefore must consider odor removal measure.
Odor pollution Controlling Technology domestic at present, roughly has chemical absorption method, By Ozone, Production by Catalytic Combustion Process.The solution that wherein chemical absorption method absorbs gaseous contaminant needs process, otherwise will cause secondary pollution; That directly obtain in absorption process or obtain again after after-treatment byproduct, product cheap often, is difficult to the operating cost compensating absorption process.Ozone deodorization functions is identical with sterilization, namely reaches deodorising effect by after oxidation Decomposition, and the smell of non-used ozone uniqueness covers stench, but is decomposed by stink original material.Because ozone character is very active, oxygen can be decayed into, therefore it must manufacture and use at the scene.Production by Catalytic Combustion Process is unsuitable for processing light-concentration volatile organic exhaust gas common in industrial discharge, and operating cost is high, may blast.Biological deodorizing has the features such as environmental protection, operating cost are low, for the foul smell that this high density pollution material of house refuse produces, selects biological odor removal method to have more advantage than additive method.
Utility model content
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the utility model provides one way of life rubbish biological deodoration system, and this technology effectively can remove the multiple harmful components that house refuse produces.
The technical solution of the utility model is as follows:
One way of life rubbish biological deodoration system, comprises air inlet and to give vent to anger system, filter tank system, spraying row water system; The described air inlet system of giving vent to anger comprises blast pipe 1, blower fan 2 and is arranged on the blast pipe 3 on top, biofilter; Described filter tank system comprises pre-wash pool 4 and the biofilter 5 of bottom UNICOM, is separated between pre-wash pool 4 and biofilter 5 by dividing plate 6; Be filled with the porous plastic filler 7 that specific area is large in pre-wash pool 4, in biofilter 5, be filled with biofilter material 8; Described spray system comprises the circulating water pool 9, the water pump 10 that are connected with water source and is installed on the spray head 11 on pre-wash pool 4, top, biofilter 5, described circulating water pool 9, water pump 10 and spray head 11 are connected by water pipe, when in circulating water pool 9, water level is low, also be provided with drainage system bottom biofilter 5, drainage system comprises spout hole and drainpipe.
Described blower fan 2 is two centrifugal blowers, and water pump is two centrifugal water pumps.
In pre-wash pool 4, gas and current are concurrent, and in biofilter 5, gas and current are reflux type.
Two electric heaters are installed in described circulating water pool 9, thermocouple, magnetic flap level gauge that a band table is aobvious are installed in circulating water pool 9.
Described biofilter material 8 be selected from active carbon, soil, compost, mud coal, bark, wood chip wherein several or all, the moisture content of biofilter material 8 is 50% ~ 70%, biofilter material pH value remains on 6 ~ 8 for a long time, the surface loading of biofilter material 8: surface loading should get 200 ~ 350m 3/ m 2h.
Described pre-wash pool 4 is continuously spray, and described biofilter 5 is batch (-type) spray, pre-wash pool 4 and biofilter 5 spray pipeline is respectively equipped with a magnetic valve respectively, the water route pipeline of spray is provided with turbine flowmeter.
Body top, pond, described biofilter 5 is provided with band table and shows pressure sensor, and pond body material is glass steel or stainless steel.
The utility model house refuse biological deodorizing system is a kind of safe and reliable processing method, odor removal efficient is greater than 90%, its principle is that foul gas is evacuated to filter tank by blower fan, first after pre-wash pool cleaning showers, the major function of pre-wash pool is to gas humidification, and suspended particulate substance contained in gas can be removed, block to prevent biofilter.Then, gas is by moistening, porous and the biofilter being full of active microorganism, utilize microbial cell to the absorption of odorant, absorption and degradation function, the feature that the cell individual of microorganism is little, surface area is large, adsorptivity is strong, metabolic type is various, resolves into CO after being adsorbed by odorant 2, H 2o, SO 4 2-, NO 3 -etc. nontoxic simple inorganic matter.
The beneficial effects of the utility model:
By the utility model, its structure is simple, and floor space is little, and cost is low, can recycle existing water resource, effectively can carry out deodorizing process to foul gas; In Odor control process, biofilter material does not participate in reaction directly, therefore does not substantially need in use procedure to change; Do not need in the utility model use procedure to add any medicament, only need a small amount of electricity charge to maintain equipment and run, cost is low, is the desirable odor removal of sewage treatment plant.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
With reference to Fig. 1, one way of life rubbish biological deodoration system, comprises air inlet and to give vent to anger system, filter tank system, spraying row water system; The described air inlet system of giving vent to anger comprises blast pipe 1, blower fan 2 and is arranged on the blast pipe 3 on top, biofilter; Described filter tank system comprises pre-wash pool 4 and the biofilter 5 of bottom UNICOM, is separated between pre-wash pool 4 and biofilter 5 by dividing plate 6; Be filled with the porous plastic filler 7 that specific area is large in pre-wash pool 4, be filled with biofilter material 8 in biofilter 5, it can provide the space of growth of microorganism, nutrients, moisture have soda acid pooling feature.Biofilter material 8 is inoculated the microorganism fungus kind cultivated, the activity of microorganism directly determines deodorizing effect, cultivates corresponding bacterial classification carry out absorption degradation to odor causing substance according to foul smell composition; Spray system comprises the circulating water pool 9, the water pump 10 that are connected with water source and is installed on the spray head 11 on pre-wash pool 4, top, biofilter 5, and described circulating water pool 9, water pump 10 and spray head 11 are connected by water pipe, and water can recycle, and economizes on resources.When in circulating water pool 9, water level is low, can from water source moisturizing, circulating water pool 9 can regularly draining, keeps spray water cleaning.Also be provided with drainage system bottom biofilter 5, drainage system comprises spout hole and drainpipe.
Described air inlet system blower fan 2 used of giving vent to anger is two centrifugal blowers, a preparation and a use.Intake method gas and current in pre-wash pool 4 are concurrent, and in biofilter 5, gas and current are reflux type.Water pump 10 is two centrifugal water pumps, a preparation and a use.Circulating water pool 9 is equipped with two electric heaters 12, for keeping winter water tank temperature at 5 ~ 30 DEG C.Circulating water pool is equipped with the aobvious thermocouple 13 of a band table, for the temperature of water in monitoring water tank.Circulating water pool is equipped with a magnetic flap level gauge 14 is with remote transfer signal, for observing high water tank.
Described biofilter material 8 be active carbon, soil, compost, mud coal, bark, wood chip several or all.Biofilter material 8 permeability and structural stability well, can effectively prevent the compression of biologic packing material and harden, Stability Analysis of Structures; Biofilter material 8 transparent performance is good, and porosity is large, and inside, filter tank can be kept aerobic.
Described pre-wash pool 4 is continuously spray, and described biofilter 5 is batch (-type) spray.Pre-wash pool 4 and biofilter 5 spray pipeline are respectively equipped with a magnetic valve 15, respectively for controlling the break-make in water route, by automatic controlling system.The water route pipeline of spray is provided with turbine flowmeter 16, for measuring injection flow rate.The water that shower nozzle sprays nebulizes, and can cover whole pre-wash pool 4 and biofilter 5, not have dead angle.
The moisture content of described biofilter material 8 is 50% ~ 70%.The pH value of biofilter material 8 remains on 6 ~ 8 for a long time.The surface loading of biofilter material 8: surface loading should get 200 ~ 350m 3/ m 2h.Body top, pond, biofilter 5 is provided with the aobvious pressure sensor 17 of band table, conveniently observes the barometric information in biological treatment region.Pond body material is fiberglass, stainless steel.Inner surface does preservative treatment, and outer surface does isothermal holding.

Claims (7)

1. one way of life rubbish biological deodoration system, comprises air inlet and to give vent to anger system, filter tank system, spraying row water system; It is characterized in that, the described air inlet system of giving vent to anger comprises blast pipe (1), blower fan (2) and is arranged on the blast pipe (3) on top, biofilter; Described filter tank system comprises pre-wash pool (4) and biofilter (5) of bottom UNICOM, is separated between pre-wash pool (4) and biofilter (5) by dividing plate (6); Be filled with the porous plastic filler (7) that specific area is large in pre-wash pool (4), in biofilter (5), be filled with biofilter material (8); Described spray system comprises the circulating water pool (9), the water pump (10) that are connected with water source and is installed on the spray head (11) on pre-wash pool (4), biofilter (5) top, described circulating water pool (9), water pump (10) and spray head (11) are connected by water pipe, when circulating water pool (9) interior water level is low, bottom, biofilter (5) is also provided with drainage system, and drainage system comprises spout hole and drainpipe.
2. house refuse biological deodorizing system according to right 1, is characterized in that: described blower fan (2) is two centrifugal blowers, and water pump is two centrifugal water pumps.
3. house refuse biological deodorizing system according to right 1, is characterized in that: in pre-wash pool (4), gas and current are concurrent, and in biofilter (5), gas and current are reflux type.
4. house refuse biological deodorizing system according to right 1, is characterized in that: be provided with two electric heaters in described circulating water pool (9), is provided with thermocouple, magnetic flap level gauge that a band table is aobvious in circulating water pool (9).
5. house refuse biological deodorizing system according to right 1, it is characterized in that: the moisture content of described biofilter material (8) is 50% ~ 70%, biofilter material pH value remains on 6 ~ 8 for a long time, the surface loading of biofilter material (8): surface loading should get 200 ~ 350m 3/ m 2h.
6. house refuse biological deodorizing system according to right 1, it is characterized in that: described pre-wash pool (4) is for spraying continuously, described biofilter (5) is batch (-type) spray, pre-wash pool (4) and biofilter (5) spray pipeline are respectively equipped with a magnetic valve respectively, the water route pipeline of spray is provided with turbine flowmeter.
7. house refuse biological deodorizing system according to right 1, is characterized in that: body top, described biofilter (5) pond is provided with band table and shows pressure sensor, and pond body material is glass steel or stainless steel.
CN201520719417.3U 2015-09-15 2015-09-15 Domestic waste biological deodorization system Expired - Fee Related CN205055811U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107469613A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-12-15 华北电力大学 The stench processing system and method that a kind of more filtrate media are combined
CN108404623A (en) * 2018-04-29 2018-08-17 浙江瑞鑫环保设备有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency purification treatment equipment of exhaust gas
CN108939793A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-12-07 烟台南山学院 Multiple-unit combined exhaust gas processing equipment
CN109260939A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-25 武汉芳笛环保股份有限公司 A kind of biological deodorizing system of sewage treatment plant
CN109453617A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-03-12 安溪坤祁德机械科技有限公司 Constant temperature and the biological deodorizing device of convection current efficient process house refuse are utilized under low temperature
CN110180377A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-30 浙江万里学院 A kind of exhaust gas purifying method and reactor of high efficiency synchronous desulphurization denitration
CN110496523A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-26 杭州楚环科技股份有限公司 A kind of multistage purification formula water supply balance type deodorizing device
CN113522009A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-22 广东石油化工学院 Biological filtering device and method for treating volatile organic compound waste gas

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107469613A (en) * 2017-07-24 2017-12-15 华北电力大学 The stench processing system and method that a kind of more filtrate media are combined
CN108404623A (en) * 2018-04-29 2018-08-17 浙江瑞鑫环保设备有限公司 A kind of high-efficiency purification treatment equipment of exhaust gas
CN108939793A (en) * 2018-07-10 2018-12-07 烟台南山学院 Multiple-unit combined exhaust gas processing equipment
CN109260939A (en) * 2018-08-23 2019-01-25 武汉芳笛环保股份有限公司 A kind of biological deodorizing system of sewage treatment plant
CN109453617A (en) * 2018-10-30 2019-03-12 安溪坤祁德机械科技有限公司 Constant temperature and the biological deodorizing device of convection current efficient process house refuse are utilized under low temperature
CN110180377A (en) * 2019-05-15 2019-08-30 浙江万里学院 A kind of exhaust gas purifying method and reactor of high efficiency synchronous desulphurization denitration
CN110496523A (en) * 2019-07-24 2019-11-26 杭州楚环科技股份有限公司 A kind of multistage purification formula water supply balance type deodorizing device
CN112516783A (en) * 2019-07-24 2021-03-19 杭州楚环科技股份有限公司 Multistage purification type water supply balance type deodorization equipment
CN112516783B (en) * 2019-07-24 2022-05-03 杭州楚环科技股份有限公司 Multistage purification type water supply balance type deodorization equipment
CN113522009A (en) * 2021-07-29 2021-10-22 广东石油化工学院 Biological filtering device and method for treating volatile organic compound waste gas
CN113522009B (en) * 2021-07-29 2023-10-27 广东石油化工学院 Biological filtering device and method for treating volatile organic compound waste gas

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GR01 Patent grant
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160302

Termination date: 20180915