CN205049010U - Public bathroom heat transfer system - Google Patents

Public bathroom heat transfer system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205049010U
CN205049010U CN201520699735.8U CN201520699735U CN205049010U CN 205049010 U CN205049010 U CN 205049010U CN 201520699735 U CN201520699735 U CN 201520699735U CN 205049010 U CN205049010 U CN 205049010U
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
heat
bathhouse
exchange
water
wastewater trough
Prior art date
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201520699735.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈进富
赵薇
李军
裴琴琴
苏贵仁
黄梅
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
Original Assignee
China University of Petroleum Beijing CUPB
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Filing date
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Priority to CN201520699735.8U priority Critical patent/CN205049010U/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN205049010U publication Critical patent/CN205049010U/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The utility model provides a public bathroom heat transfer system, public bathroom heat transfer system includes: wastewater tank sets up under the ground in public bathroom, the heat exchange tube, install in among the wastewater tank and pass wastewater tank, the running water is connected to the income water end (W. E. ) of heat exchange tube, water storage device connects the play water end (W. E. ) of heat exchange tube, the shower head sets up on the ground in public bathroom, and the shower head is connected water storage device. The utility model discloses the electric energy of the partly fresh hot -water heating of saving, the operation cost of having practiced thrift the bathroom simultaneously.

Description

Bathhouse heat-exchange system
Technical field
The utility model relates to a kind of bathhouse heat-exchange system.
Background technology
Through investigation, still have a part of heat during the discharge of wastewater of bathhouse, but this partial heat is not often all recovered and utilizes but directly discharge, this certainly will cause the waste of the energy.
At present, the heat exchange mode of the bath water of bathhouse mainly contains three kinds: one is Heat Pump recovery type, heat recovery efficiency is high, but cuts in and out due to shower waste, need establish wastewater tank, water pump, heat pump, indirect type heat exchanger, hot storage tank and need electric power safeguard; And large, the system complex of taking up room, investment are large, built bathhouse is by place restriction, transformation difficulty; In the life of product phase, investment return return rate is low, and domestic correlative study achievement is specifically implemented very few because of investment problem.The second is the regular industrial heat exchanger heat exchange adopting heat exchange tubular type and heat exchange plate type, and occupied ground is large, and cleaning difficulty, heat exchanger is easily by contaminants adhere, and efficiency reduces greatly.The third is shower heat exchange base type homebrew, because access times are few, family's similar products rate of return on investment is low, take place, bathroom and non-easy cleaning, health is arranged and requires that high occasion is inapplicable, do not focus on heat exchange efficiency when being used in the heat exchange of collective's bathhouse single shower head high, benefits is disproportionate.
In sum, in prior art, there is following problem: the heat of the bath wastewater of bathhouse is not fully utilized, cause the problem of heat waste.
Utility model content
The utility model provides a kind of bathhouse heat-exchange system, is not used with the heat of the bath wastewater solving bathhouse, causes the problem of heat waste, and then makes bathroom energy low cost, utilizes heat in bathroom waste water in time, easily.
For this reason, the utility model proposes a kind of bathhouse heat-exchange system, described bathhouse heat-exchange system comprises:
Wastewater trough, is arranged on the underground of bathhouse;
Heat exchanger tube, be installed on also through described wastewater trough in described wastewater trough, the water intake end of described heat exchanger tube connects running water;
Water storage device, is connected to the water side of described heat exchanger tube;
Spray head, on the ground being arranged on bathhouse, and described spray head connects described water storage device.
Further, described water storage device is aqua storage tank.
Further, described water storage device is heater.
Further, the number of described wastewater trough is multiple, and multiple described wastewater trough is arranged in parallel, and described bathhouse heat-exchange system also comprises: the total tank be connected with municipal wastewater treatment system, and multiple described wastewater trough is parallel-connected in described total tank.
Further, each described wastewater trough length 5m, width 0.25m, degree of depth 0.20m.
Further, the described heat exchanger tube that in each described wastewater trough, layout four is parallel.
Further, each described heat exchanger tube specification is Φ 25mm × 1.0mm.
Further, adjacent described heat exchanger tube tube pitch is 55mm.
Further, 32.5mm bottom described heat exchanger tube die distance wastewater trough.
Further, described bathhouse heat-exchange system also comprises: tank grate, and the ground being arranged on bathhouse covers on described wastewater trough.
The utility model has the following advantages:
1. in the utility model, the bath wastewater of spray head outflow is collected at the wastewater trough of bathhouse underground, flow through the bath wastewater that the fresh water of heat exchanger tube and wastewater trough collect and carry out heat exchange, the heat of bath wastewater is utilized, save the electric energy of a part of fresh water heating, reduce the environmental problem brought due to generating.
2. bathhouse mainly adopts the mode of electric heating to heat fresh water at present, according to the design, can save the operation cost in bathroom.
3., relative to other heat-exchange systems in market, the fresh water in native system heat exchanger tube can carry out heat exchange more timely with bath wastewater, to reduce thermal loss.
4. relative to other heat-exchange systems in market, it is simple and easy that native system has construction reformation in construction reformation, do not take redundant space, do not limit by place, the feature that cost of investment is few.
5. and then, wastewater trough by being opened by the tank grate covered on described wastewater trough, can carry out artificial easy cleaning.This manner of cleaning up simple and convenient, this does not only affect use, also for plant maintenance reduces cost.
Below for the ladies' bathroom of certain university:
1. the information about this bathroom is as follows:
Bathroom configuration: bathroom area: long 20m, wide 6m;
Wastewater trough (under being placed in bathing spray head): long 5m, wide 0.25m, dark 0.20m, totally 8;
Total tank: long 20m, wide 0.40m, dark 0.20m, totally one;
The bath water-temperature in bathroom: within the scope of 38 ~ 42 DEG C;
Used heat water temperature: 32 DEG C;
Fresh water or running water water temperature: average temperature 10 DEG C.
Wastewater flow: through investigation and reasonable computation, bathroom spent hot water's flow is 30t/h.
2. the design for this bathroom is as follows:
According to bathroom wastewater flow 30t/h, velocity in pipes is set as 30t/h, according to bathroom wastewater flow, the heat exchanger tube arranged in each wastewater trough is decided to be four.In bathing process, fresh water or running water flow to the heat exchanger tube of each wastewater trough respectively from source, carry out timely heat exchange with the outer waste water of pipe.
Each wastewater trough arranges 4 heat exchanger tubes, each heat exchanger tube specification is Φ 25mm × 1.0mm, each wastewater trough heat exchanger tube quantity and specification can be determined according to discharge needed for bathroom, heat exchanger tube die distance bottom of gullet 32.5mm, near flume wall heat exchanger tube die distance flume wall 30mm, two heat exchanger tube tube pitches are 55mm.
3. adjust:
Heat exchange efficiency: according to this designing and calculating, heat exchange efficiency is
Cost accounting: through investigation and calculate, the heat exchange tube material cost in this bathroom 4325 yuan, PVC material cost 1073 yuan, other are in charge of and pipe mounting cost and cleaning charge get about 5000 yuan.Amount to cost 10,000 yuan.
Economic Benefit Accounting:
In China's power supply architecture, fossil energy generating accounts for about 75%, and wherein coal fired power generation accounts for more than 70%, thinks that Beijing's electricity consumption adopts coal fired power generation, and Beijing's electricity price is about 0.5 yuan/degree, existing average net coal consumption rate 0.33Kg/KWh, coal price average price 530 yuan/ton.If so this bathroom adopts the design, create benefit as table 1 (average life span of this kind of heat exchanger tube is 20 years, thus with 20 years calculate benefit):
This heat-exchange system of table 1 is applied to this bathroom and creates benefit
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of bathhouse heat-exchange system of the present utility model.
Drawing reference numeral illustrates:
Total tank 6 water system of 1 wastewater trough 2 heat exchanger tube 3 water storage device 4 spray head 5
After 21 chilled water flow direction 22 heat exchange, water (flow) direction 23 enters the water (flow) direction of the waste water of water (flow) direction 11 wastewater trough of spray head
Detailed description of the invention
In order to there be understanding clearly to technical characteristic of the present utility model, object and effect, now contrast accompanying drawing and the utility model is described.
As shown in Figure 1, bathhouse heat-exchange system of the present utility model comprises:
Wastewater trough 1, is arranged on the underground of bathhouse, and wastewater trough cell wall hard PVC material is sprawled, to reduce the loss of heat and to be convenient to clean;
Heat exchanger tube 2, it is such as stainless steel heat exchange tube, be installed in described wastewater trough 1 also through described wastewater trough 1, the water intake end of described heat exchanger tube 2 connects running water or fresh water, such as, the water intake end of heat exchanger tube 2 connects water system 6 by by-pass valve control, with according to actual needs, controls switch or the flow of heat exchanger tube 2;
Water storage device 3, is connected to the water side of described heat exchanger tube 2, can water storage or heating temporarily from the running water the heat exchanger tube 2 of wastewater trough 1 after heat exchange or fresh water;
Spray head 4, on the ground being arranged on bathhouse, and described spray head 4 connects described water storage device 3, and spray head 4 place is finally supplied or flow to the running water that water storage device 3 stores or fresh water, the bath wastewater that spray head 4 flows out flows in bathroom floor, thus flows in wastewater trough 1.
Water system 6 provides cold water to heat exchanger tube 2, cold water passes in wastewater trough 1 according to chilled water flow direction 21, the water (flow) direction 11 of the waste water of the wastewater trough in wastewater trough 1 is contrary with the chilled water flow direction 21 in heat exchanger tube 2, cold water in the waste water of wastewater trough 1 and heat exchanger tube 2 carries out heat exchange, after heat exchange, current in heat exchanger tube 2 enter water storage device 3 according to water (flow) direction after heat exchange 22, carry out storing or heating in water storage device 3, then, current in water storage device 3 enter each spray head 4 according to the water (flow) direction 23 entering spray head, the water flowed out from each spray head 4 flows to ground after bathing, enter in wastewater trough 1, flow according to the water (flow) direction 11 of the waste water of wastewater trough.
The bath wastewater of spray head outflow is collected at the wastewater trough of the underground of bathhouse, the bath wastewater collected by heat exchanger tube and wastewater trough carries out instant heat exchange, the heat of bath wastewater is utilized, saves the electric energy of a part of fresh water heating, saved the operation cost in bathroom simultaneously.In addition, the temperature of the waste water of discharge reduces, and is also conducive to energy-saving and emission-reduction.
Further, described water storage device 3 is aqua storage tank or water tank, can store more water, and in addition, aqua storage tank or water tank itself also can absorb solar energy or heat energy, and the water that exchange heat pipe flows out heats.
Further, described water storage device 3 is heater, like this, spray head 4 can be made to provide the bath water of suitable temperature.
Further, the number of described wastewater trough 1 is multiple, multiple described wastewater trough is arranged in parallel, described bathhouse heat-exchange system also comprises: the total tank 5 be connected with municipal wastewater treatment system, multiple described wastewater trough is parallel-connected in described total tank 5, the temperature that bath wastewater is discharged reduces, and is conducive to energy-saving and emission-reduction, and the temperature being also conducive to municipal wastewater treatment system reduces.
Further, each described wastewater trough 1 length 5m, width 0.25m, degree of depth 0.20m.Can build according to bathroom concrete condition.
Further, the described heat exchanger tube 2 that in each described wastewater trough 1, layout four is parallel, to meet the heat exchange efficiency be applicable to, can determine heat exchanger tube quantity in each wastewater trough according to discharge needed for bathroom.
Further, each described heat exchanger tube 2 specification is Φ 25mm × 1.0mm, can determine heat exchanger tube specification in each wastewater trough according to discharge needed for bathroom.
Further, adjacent described heat exchanger tube 2 tube pitch is 55mm, and being convenient to adjacent heat exchange tubes has rational heat transfer effect.
Further, 32.5mm bottom described heat exchanger tube die distance wastewater trough 1, is convenient to wastewater trough and heat exchanger tube has rational heat transfer effect.
Further, described bathhouse heat-exchange system also comprises: tank grate, and the ground being arranged on bathhouse covers on described wastewater trough 1.The ground bath wastewater of bathhouse is flow in wastewater trough 1 by tank grate.Tank grate is such as the moulding shape or netted of rectangle.Bath wastewater impure wait pollutant more, very easily pipeline is polluted, relative on market through the system of heat exchanger heat exchange, native system is opened by tank grate, manually clear up easily, this does not only affect use, also for plant maintenance reduces cost.
By said structure and configuration, this heat-exchange system makes waste water heat be fully utilized, and saves the electric energy of a part of fresh water heating, has saved the operation cost in bathroom, reduced the environmental problem brought due to generating.Meanwhile, be other heat-exchange systems in market relatively, it is timely that native system has heat exchange, and construction reformation is simple and easy, does not take redundant space, does not limit by place, and cost of investment is few, the feature of easy cleaning.
The foregoing is only the schematic detailed description of the invention of the utility model, and be not used to limit scope of the present utility model.For each part of the present utility model can mutually combine under the condition of not conflicting; any those skilled in the art; equivalent variations done under the prerequisite not departing from design of the present utility model and principle and amendment, all should belong to the scope of the utility model protection.

Claims (10)

1. a bathhouse heat-exchange system, is characterized in that, described bathhouse heat-exchange system comprises:
Wastewater trough, is arranged on the underground of bathhouse;
Heat exchanger tube, be installed on also through described wastewater trough in described wastewater trough, the water intake end of described heat exchanger tube connects running water;
Water storage device, is connected to the water side of described heat exchanger tube;
Spray head, on the ground being arranged on bathhouse, and described spray head connects described water storage device.
2. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described water storage device is aqua storage tank.
3. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described water storage device is heater.
4. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, the number of described wastewater trough is multiple, multiple described wastewater trough is arranged in parallel, described bathhouse heat-exchange system also comprises: the total tank be connected with municipal wastewater treatment system, and multiple described wastewater trough is parallel-connected in described total tank.
5. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, each described wastewater trough length 5m, width 0.25m, degree of depth 0.20m.
6. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, the described heat exchanger tube that in each described wastewater trough, layout four is parallel.
7. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, each described heat exchanger tube specification is Φ 25mm × 1.0mm.
8. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that, adjacent described heat exchanger tube tube pitch is 55mm.
9. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that, 32.5mm bottom described heat exchanger tube die distance wastewater trough.
10. bathhouse heat-exchange system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, described bathhouse heat-exchange system also comprises: tank grate, and the ground being arranged on bathhouse covers on described wastewater trough.
CN201520699735.8U 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Public bathroom heat transfer system Expired - Fee Related CN205049010U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520699735.8U CN205049010U (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Public bathroom heat transfer system

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201520699735.8U CN205049010U (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Public bathroom heat transfer system

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN205049010U true CN205049010U (en) 2016-02-24

Family

ID=55342582

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201520699735.8U Expired - Fee Related CN205049010U (en) 2015-09-10 2015-09-10 Public bathroom heat transfer system

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN205049010U (en)

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20160224

Termination date: 20170910

CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee